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EUROPEAN STANDARD FINAL DRAFT

NORME EUROPÉENNE FprEN 15316-4-3


EUROPÄISCHE NORM
November 2016

ICS 27.160; 91.140.10 Will supersede EN 15316-4-3:2007, EN 15316-4-6:2007

English Version

Energy performance of buildings - Method for calculation of


system energy requirements and system efficiencies - Part 4-3:
Heat generation systems, thermal solar and photovoltaic
systems, Module M3-8-3, M8-8-3, M11-8-3

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Performance énergétique des bâtiments - Méthode de Energetische Bewertung von Gebäuden - Verfahren zur
calcul des besoins énergétiques et des rendements des Berechnung der Energieanforderungen und Nutzungsgrade

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systèmes - Partie 4-3 : Systèmes de génération de chaleur, der Anlagen - Teil 4-3: Wärmeerzeugungssysteme,

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systèmes solaires thermiques et systèmes photovoltaïques, thermische Solaranlagen und Photovoltaikanlagen, Modul

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Module M3-8-3, M8-8-3, M11-8-3 M3-8-3, M8-8-3, M11-8-3

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This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for formal vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC
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228.
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If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which
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stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.
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This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language
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made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
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Centre has the same status as the official versions.


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CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
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Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United
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Kingdom.
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Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to
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provide supporting documentation.


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Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and
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shall not be referred to as a European Standard.


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EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprEN 15316-4-3:2016 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword....................................................................................................................................................... 7
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 8
1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................. 11
2 Normative references ................................................................................................................................. 14
3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 14
3.1 Thermal solar systems ............................................................................................................................... 14
3.2 Photovoltaic systems .................................................................................................................................. 16
4 Symbols and abbreviations ...................................................................................................................... 16
4.1 Symbols ............................................................................................................................................................ 16

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4.2 Subscripts........................................................................................................................................................ 17

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5 Description of the methods ...................................................................................................................... 18

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5.1 Method 1 – solar thermal applications, using system test data .................................................. 18

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5.2 Method 2 – monthly solar thermal applications, using component test data ........................ 19
5.3
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Method 3 – hourly solar thermal applications .................................................................................. 19
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5.4 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method ............................................................................................ 19
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5.5 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method........................................................................................ 19


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5.6 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method ........................................................................................... 19


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6 Methods ........................................................................................................................................................... 19
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6.1 Solar thermal applications ....................................................................................................................... 19


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6.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data ......................................................................................................... 19


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6.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications .................................................................... 24


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6.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications ....................................................................... 36


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6.2 Solar photovoltaic systems ....................................................................................................................... 42


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6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42


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6.2.2 Method 4 - photovoltaic – yearly method ............................................................................................ 42


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6.2.3 Method 5 - photovoltaic – monthly method........................................................................................ 45


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6.2.4 Method 6 - photovoltaic – hourly method ........................................................................................... 48


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7 Quality control .............................................................................................................................................. 53


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7.1 Solar thermal applications ....................................................................................................................... 53


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7.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data ......................................................................................................... 53


7.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications .................................................................... 53
7.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications ....................................................................... 53
7.2 Solar photovoltaic applications .............................................................................................................. 53
7.2.1 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method ............................................................................................ 53
7.2.2 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method........................................................................................ 53
7.2.3 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method ........................................................................................... 53
8 Compliance check......................................................................................................................................... 54
8.1 Solar thermal applications ....................................................................................................................... 54
8.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data ......................................................................................................... 54
8.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications .................................................................... 54
8.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications ....................................................................... 54
8.2 Solar photovoltaic applications .............................................................................................................. 54
8.2.1 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method ............................................................................................ 54

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8.2.2 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method ........................................................................................ 54


8.2.3 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method............................................................................................ 54
Annex A (normative) Template for the specification of application data ............................................. 55
A.1 Method 1 – using system test data .......................................................................................................... 55
A.1.1 Product technical data ................................................................................................................................ 55
A.1.2 System design data ....................................................................................................................................... 55
A.1.3 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 55
A.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications .................................................................... 55
A.2.1 Product technical data ................................................................................................................................ 55
A.2.1.1 Collector ........................................................................................................................................................... 55
A.2.1.2 Collector pump .............................................................................................................................................. 56

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A.2.1.3 Heat storage .................................................................................................................................................... 57

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A.2.2 System design data ....................................................................................................................................... 58

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A.2.2.1 Type of service ............................................................................................................................................... 58

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A.2.2.2 Location of heat storage tank ................................................................................................................... 59
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A.2.2.3 Type solar system layout ........................................................................................................................... 59
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A.2.2.4 Correction factor collector orientation and shadowing ................................................................. 59


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A.2.2.5 Collector loop overall heat loss coefficient ......................................................................................... 60


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A.2.2.6 Efficiency of the collector loop ................................................................................................................. 60


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A.2.2.7 Collector pump operation time ............................................................................................................... 61


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A.2.2.8 Pipe insulation back up heater loop ...................................................................................................... 61


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A.2.2.9 Back up heater operation .......................................................................................................................... 61


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A.2.2.10 Space heating distribution return Heat storage .......................................................................... 62


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A.2.2.11 Recoverable part of the heat losses .................................................................................................. 62


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A.2.2.12 Correlation factors .................................................................................................................................. 63


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A.2.2.13 Correction factor ..................................................................................................................................... 63


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A.2.2.14 Air temperature heated room ............................................................................................................ 63


A.2.2.15 Domestic hot water temperature ...................................................................................................... 63
A.2.3 Operating conditions ................................................................................................................................... 64
A.2.3.1 Solar irradiance ............................................................................................................................................. 64
A.2.3.2 Cold water and outside air temperature .............................................................................................. 64
A.2.3.3 Heat use for water heating ........................................................................................................................ 65
A.2.3.4 Design temperature settings .................................................................................................................... 65
A.2.3.5 Back-up heaters............................................................................................................................................. 66
A.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications ........................................................................ 66
A.3.1 Product technical data ................................................................................................................................ 66
A.3.1.1 Collector ........................................................................................................................................................... 66
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A.3.1.2 Collector pump and control ...................................................................................................................... 66


A.3.2 System design data ...................................................................................................................................... 67
A.3.2.1 Collector tilt and orientation ................................................................................................................... 67
A.3.2.2 Installed collector area .............................................................................................................................. 67
A.3.2.3 Solar loop mass flow rate .......................................................................................................................... 67
A.3.2.4 Location of the collector loop piping..................................................................................................... 68
A.3.2.5 Heat losses of the collector loop ............................................................................................................. 68
A.3.3 Calculations .................................................................................................................................................... 68
Annex B (informative) Default application data ............................................................................................ 69
B.1 Method 1 – using system test data ......................................................................................................... 69
B.1.1 Product technical data ............................................................................................................................... 69

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B.1.2 System design data ...................................................................................................................................... 69

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B.1.3 Operating conditions .................................................................................................................................. 69

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B.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications .................................................................... 69

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B.2.1 Product technical data ............................................................................................................................... 69
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B.2.1.1 Collector .......................................................................................................................................................... 69
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B.2.1.2 Collector pump .............................................................................................................................................. 70


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B.2.1.3 Heat storage ................................................................................................................................................... 71


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B.2.2 System design data ...................................................................................................................................... 72


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B.2.2.1 Type of service .............................................................................................................................................. 72


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B.2.2.2 Location of heat storage tank .................................................................................................................. 73


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B.2.2.3 Type solar system layout ........................................................................................................................... 73


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B.2.2.4 Correction factor collector orientation and shadowing................................................................. 73


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B.2.2.5 Collector loop overall heat loss coefficient ......................................................................................... 74


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B.2.2.6 Efficiency of the collector loop ................................................................................................................ 74


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B.2.2.7 Collector pump operation time ............................................................................................................... 75


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B.2.2.8 Pipe insulation back up heater loop...................................................................................................... 75


B.2.2.9 Back up heater operation .......................................................................................................................... 75
B.2.2.10 Space heating distribution return Heat storage .......................................................................... 76
B.2.2.11 Recoverable part of the heat losses ................................................................................................. 76
B.2.2.12 Correlation factors ................................................................................................................................. 76
B.2.2.13 Correction factor ..................................................................................................................................... 77
B.2.2.14 Air temperature heated room ............................................................................................................ 77
B.2.2.15 Domestic hot water temperature ..................................................................................................... 77
B.2.3 Operating conditions .................................................................................................................................. 77
B.2.3.1 Solar irradiance ............................................................................................................................................ 77

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B.2.3.2 Cold water and outside air temperature .............................................................................................. 78


B.2.3.3 Heat use for water heating ........................................................................................................................ 79
B.2.3.4 Design temperature settings .................................................................................................................... 79
B.2.3.5 Back-up heaters............................................................................................................................................. 79
B.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications ........................................................................ 80
B.3.1 Product technical data ................................................................................................................................ 80
B.3.1.1 Collector ........................................................................................................................................................... 80
B.3.1.2 Collector pump and control ...................................................................................................................... 80
B.3.2 System design data ....................................................................................................................................... 81
B.3.2.1 Collector tilt and orientation .................................................................................................................... 81
B.3.2.2 Installed collector area ............................................................................................................................... 81

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B.3.2.3 Solar loop mass flow rate ........................................................................................................................... 81

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B.3.2.4 Location of the collector loop piping ..................................................................................................... 81

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B.3.2.5 Heat losses of the collector loop .............................................................................................................. 82

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B.3.3 Calculations..................................................................................................................................................... 82
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Annex C (informative) Solar irradiation on the photovoltaic modules.................................................. 83
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C.1 Annual global solar irradiation ............................................................................................................... 83


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C.2 Tilt and orientation conversion factor for calculation of the energy radiation on the
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photovoltaic module surface .................................................................................................................... 83


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C.3 Peak power ..................................................................................................................................................... 85


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C.4 System performance factor ....................................................................................................................... 85


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Annex D (normative) Method selection ............................................................................................................. 86


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D.1 Solar thermal applications ........................................................................................................................ 86


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D.2 Solar photovoltaic applications ............................................................................................................... 87


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Annex E (informative) Standards linked to solar systems and components ....................................... 88


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Annex F (informative) Method 2 implementation for Ecodesign and Energy labelling ................... 90
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F.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 90
F.2 Prescribed settings for method 2............................................................................................................ 90
F.3 Calculation of auxiliary electricity consumption .............................................................................. 92
F.4 Determination of the water heater performance parameters without solar
contribution .................................................................................................................................................... 92
F.4.1 External boiler-type backup heater ....................................................................................................... 93
F.4.2 External heat pump backup heater ........................................................................................................ 94
F.4.3 Integrated fuel fired heater ...................................................................................................................... 94
F.4.4 Electrical immersion heater ..................................................................................................................... 95
F.5 Conversion of parameters in this EN to parameters in the regulations ................................... 96

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Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the energy
labelling requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 811/2013
aimed to be covered .................................................................................................................................... 99
Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the energy
labelling requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 812/2013
aimed to be covered .................................................................................................................................. 100
Annex ZC (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the ecodesign
requirements of Commission Regulation (EC) No 814/2013 aimed to be covered ........... 101
Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................... 102

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European foreword

This document (FprEN 15316-4-3:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 228
“Heating systems and water based cooling systems in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This document is currently submitted to the Formal Vote.

This document will supersede EN 15316-4-3:2007, EN 15316-4-6:2007.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directives 2010/30/EU
and 2009/125/EC.

For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annexes ZA, ZB, and ZC, which are integral parts of
this document.

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The main changes compared to EN 15316-4-3:2007 and EN 15316-4-6:2007 are:

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a) extensions to the former Method B, e.g. full support of solar systems with integrated back-up

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heating and extension with the effect of the heat storage heat losses;
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b) method 3 is added to broaden the applicability of the solar thermal methods to calculations with an
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hourly time step;


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c) the revision brings the method in conformity with the methods used in Ecodesign and the energy
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labelling (CEN mandate 495);


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d) addition of a new method to support input with an hourly time step; and
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e) editorial changes.
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Introduction

This European Standard is part of a set of standards developed to support the EPBD 1 implementation,
hereafter called “EPB standards”.
EPB standards deal with energy performance calculation and other related aspects (like system sizing)
to provide the building services considered in the EPBD.
All EPB standards follow specific rules to ensure overall consistency, unambiguity and transparency.
All EPB standards provide a certain flexibility with regard to the methods, the required input data and
references to other EPB standards, by the introduction of a normative template in Annex A and Annex B
with informative default choices.
For the correct use of this standard, a normative template is given in Annex A to specify these choices.
Informative default choices are provided in Annex B.
— Where appropriate, the method(s) in each of the EPB standards may provide simplified procedures

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and/or default values as alternative options. Without further specification, these simplified

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procedures and/or default values may be used without restricting criteria.

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NOTE 1 For instance because these are conservative procedures or values.

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The term 'default values' should not be confused with 'informative values'. If the values are given in the
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normative part of the standard, they are normative values. See also next options.
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— In other cases, these simplified procedures and/or default values may be intended to be used only
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for situations where there is limited information. This may be the case in existing buildings with
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limited possibilities to acquire all input data. In particular when the EPB set of standards is used in
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the context of national or regional building regulations, specific criteria when the simplified method
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and/or default data are allowed, may be given at national or regional level, following the template
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in Annex A. Annex B provides (informative) default choices.


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Use by or for regulators: In case the standard is used in the context of national or regional legal
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requirements, mandatory choices may be given at national or regional level for such specific
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applications. These choices (either the informative default choices from Annex B or choices adapted to
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national / regional needs, but in any case following the template of this Annex A) can be made available
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as national annex or as separate (e.g. legal) document (national data sheet).


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NOTE 2 So in this case:


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— the regulators will specify the choices;

— the individual user will apply the standard to assess the energy performance of a building, and
thereby use the choices made by the regulators.

Topics addressed in this standard can be subject to public regulation. Public regulation on the same
topics can override the default values in Annex B of this standard. Public regulation on the same topics
can even, for certain applications, override the use of this standard. Legal requirements and choices are
in general not published in standards but in legal documents. In order to avoid double publications and
difficult updating of double documents, a national annex may refer to the legal texts where national
choices have been made by public authorities. Different national annexes or national data sheets are
possible, for different applications.

1 Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings
(recast)

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It is expected, if the default values, choices and references to other EPB standards in Annex B are not
followed due to national regulations, policy or traditions, that:
— national or regional authorities prepare data sheets containing the choices and national or regional
values, according to the model in Annex A. In this case, the national annex (e.g. NA) refers to this
text;

— or, by default, the national standards body will consider the possibility to add or include a national
annex in agreement with the template of Annex A, in accordance to the legal documents that give
national or regional values and choices.

Further target groups are parties wanting to motivate their assumptions by classifying the building
energy performance for a dedicated building stock.
More information is provided in the Technical Report accompanying this standard (prCEN/TR 15616-6-
6, under preparation).
The subjects covered by CEN/TC 228 are the following:

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— design of heating systems (water based, electrical etc.);

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— installation of heating systems;

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— commissioning of heating systems; m
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— instructions for operation, maintenance and use of heating systems;


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— methods for calculation of the design heat loss and heat loads;
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— methods for calculation of the energy performance of heating systems.


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Heating systems also include the effect of attached systems such as hot water production systems.
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All these standards are systems standards, i.e. they are based on requirements addressed to the system
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as a whole and not dealing with requirements to the products within the system.
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Where possible, reference is made to other European or International Standards. However, use of
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products complying with relevant product standards is no guarantee of compliance with the system
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requirements.
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The requirements are mainly expressed as functional requirements, i.e. requirements dealing with the
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function of the system and not specifying shape, material, dimensions or the like.
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The guidelines describe ways to meet the requirements, but other ways to fulfil the functional
requirements might be used if fulfilment can be proved.
Heating systems differ among the member countries due to climate, traditions and national regulations.
In some cases, requirements are given as classes so national or individual needs may be accommodated.
In cases where the standards contradict with national regulations, the latter should be followed.
This standard (FprEN 15316-4-3) gives six methods to take into account the energy performance of
solar systems for heating of domestic hot water, space heating and electricity production.
The methods 1 to 3 address solar thermal applications.
— Method 1 is valid for the generation of heat for domestic hot water production, using system
performance data in conformity with product standards.

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— Method 2 is valid for the generation of heat for domestic hot water production and/or space
heating with a time step of one month, using component data in conformity with product standards.

— Method 3 is valid for the generation of heat for domestic hot water production and/or space
heating with a time step of one hour, using component data in conformity with product standards.

The methods 4 to 6 address photovoltaic systems.


— Method 4 is valid for calculation of the electricity production of photovoltaic systems, with a time
step of one year, using component data in conformity with product standards.

Only the calculation method and the accompanying input parameters are normative. All values
required to parameter the calculation method should be given in a national annex, containing
appropriate national values corresponding to the tables given in Annex C.

— Method 5 is valid for calculation of the electricity production of photovoltaic systems, with a time
step of one month, using component data in conformity with product standards. It represents the

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translation of the yearly method 4 to a monthly base.

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— Method 6 is valid for calculation of the electricity production of photovoltaic systems, with a time

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step of one hour.

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1 Scope
This European Standard specifies the:
— required inputs;

— calculation method;

— required and resulting outputs,

for heat generation systems, thermal solar systems (for space heating, domestic hot water production
and the combination of both) and for photovoltaic systems applied in buildings.
Within this standard, 6 methods are specified each method has its own range of applicability.
— Method 1,

is applicable for solar domestic hot water systems characterized by the EN 12976 series (factory

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made) or EN 12977-2 (custom built).

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The main output of the method is the solar heat and back up heat contribution to the requested

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heat use.

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— Method 2,
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is applicable for systems for domestic hot water and / or space heating with components
characterized by CEN-EN ISO 9806 and CEN-EN 12977-3 or CEN-EN 12977-4 with a monthly
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calculation time step.


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The main output of the method is the solar heat and back up heat contribution to the requested
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heat use.
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— Method 3,
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is applicable for systems for domestic hot water and / or space heating with components
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characterized by CEN-EN ISO 9806 with an hourly calculation time step.


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The main output of the method is collector loop heat supplied to the heat storage.
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— Method 4,
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is applicable for photovoltaic systems with components characterized by standards and with an
annual calculation time step.

The output of the method is the produced electricity.

— Method 5,

is applicable for photovoltaic systems with components characterized by standards and with a
monthly calculation time step.

The output of the method is the produced electricity.

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— Method 6,

is applicable for photovoltaic systems with components characterized by standards and with a
calculation time step.

The output of the method is the produced electricity.

These three last calculation methods do not take into account:

— electrical storage;

— PV/thermal photovoltaic systems.

Primary energy savings and CO2 savings, which can be achieved by photovoltaic systems compared to
other systems, are calculated according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
NOTE 1 Standards linked to the methods are listed in Annex E.

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Table 1 shows the relative position of this standard within the set of EPB standards in the context of the

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modular structure as set out in prEN ISO 52000-1.

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NOTE 2 In prCEN ISO/TR 52000-2 the same table can be found, with, for each module, the numbers of the

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relevant EPB standards and accompanying technical reports that are published or in preparation.
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NOTE 3 The modules represent EPB standards, although one EPB standard may cover more than one module
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and one module may be covered by more than one EPB standard, for instance a simplified and a
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detailed method respectively. See also Clause 2 and Tables A.1 and B.1.
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Table 1 — Position of EN 15316-4-3 within the modular structure


Building
Overarching Technical Building Systems
(as such)

Dehumidification

automation and
Humidification

Domestic Hot
Descriptions

Descriptions

Descriptions

Ventilation

production
Electricity
Building
Lighting
Heating

Cooling

control
water
sub M1
sub1 M2 sub1 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11
1
1 General 1 General 1 General 15316–1 15316–1
Common terms and
definitions; Building Energy
2 2 2 Needs 12831–3
symbols, units and Needs
subscripts
(Free) Indoor
Maximum Load
3 Applications 3 Conditions without 3 12831–1 12831–3
and Power
Systems

8
-0
Ways to Express Ways to Express Ways to

12
4 Energy 4 Energy 4 Express Energy 15316–1 15316–1
Performance Performance Performance

6-
Building

01
Heat Transfer by Emission and
5 Functions and 5 5 15316–2 15316–2

2
Transmission control
Building Boundaries

st
Building Occupancy Heat Transfer by m
Distribution
6 and Operating 6 Infiltration and 6 15316–3 15316–3 15316–3
ko
and control
Conditions Ventilation
en

Aggregation of Energy
Internal Storage and 15316–5
je

7 Services and Energy 7 7 15316–5


bi

Heat Gains control 15316–4-3


Carriers
ie

Solar
at

8 Building Partitioning 8 8 Generation


Heat Gains
r m

Combustion 15316–
fo

8–1 15316–4-1
boilers 4-1
in

15316– 15316–
de

8–2 Heat pumps 15316–4-2


4-2 4-2
or

Thermal solar 15316– 15316–4- 15316


8–3
vo

Photovoltaics 4-3 3 –4-3


T

On-site 15316– 15316–


8–4 15316–4-4
EP

cogeneration 4-4 4-4


C

District heating 15316– 15316– 15316–


8–5
N

and cooling 4-5 4-5 4-5


O

Direct electrical 15316–


8–6
C

15316–4-9
heater 4-9
15316–
8–7 Wind turbines
4-10
Radiant 15316–
8–8
heating, stoves 4-8
Load
Calculated Energy Building Dynamics dispatching and
9 9 9 15316–1
Performance (thermal mass) operating
conditions
Measured Measured
Measured Energy
10 Energy 10 10 Energy 15378–3 15378–3
Performance
Performance Performance
11 Inspection 11 Inspection 11 Inspection 15378–1 15378–1
Ways to Express
12 12 – 12 BMS
Indoor Comfort
External Environment
13
Conditions
1545
14 Economic Calculation
9–1

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2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
prEN ISO 52000-1, Energy performance of buildings - Overarching EPB assessment - Part 1: General
framework and procedures (ISO/DIS 52000-1)

EN ISO 7345, Thermal insulation - Physical quantities and definitions (ISO 7345)

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 7345, prEN ISO 52000-1,
and the following apply.
3.1 Thermal solar systems

8
-0
3.1.1

12
reference area

6-
01
<in relation to a collector area> aperture area or gross area

2
st
Note 1 to entry: Depending on the availability of collector test results according to the former EN 12975-2
m
(aperture area) or the current EN ISO 9806 (gross area) the corresponding definition of the collector area is used.
ko
en

Note 1 to entry: For all references to a collector efficiency parameter (ηo, a1, a2 and Khem(50°)) in this standard,
je

the values matching the type of definition of the collector area is to be used.
bi
ie

3.1.2
at
m

aperture area
r
fo

solar collector maximum projected area through which un-concentrated solar radiation enters the
in

collector
de

3.1.3
or
vo

gross area
T

maximum projected area of a complete solar collector excluding any integral means of mounting and
EP

connecting fluid pipework


C
N

3.1.4
O
C

collector module
solar collector that builds up a collector array

3.1.5
back up energy
source of heat, other than solar, used to supplement the output provided by the thermal solar system

Note 1 to entry: In EN ISO 9488, the back-up energy is called auxiliary energy.

3.1.6
collector loop
circuit, including collectors, pump or fan, pipework and heat exchanger (if present), which is used to
transfer heat from the collectors to the heat storage device

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3.1.7
heat use for space heating
domestic hot water
heat input to the space heating system and/or the domestic hot water system to satisfy the energy
needs for space heating and/or domestic hot water, respectively

Note 1 to entry: The heat use for space heating and/or domestic hot water is the sum of the energy needs and
the system thermal losses of the space heating system and/or the domestic hot water system minus the recovered
system thermal losses at the system boundary.

3.1.8
solar collector
device designed to absorb solar radiation and to transfer the thermal energy so produced to a fluid
passing through

3.1.9
solar combisystem

8
-0
thermal solar system delivering energy to both domestic hot water and space heating

12
6-
3.1.10

01
solar domestic hot water system

2
DHW system
st
m
thermal solar system delivering energy to domestic hot water
ko
en

3.1.11
je

solar fraction
bi

energy supplied by the solar part of a system divided by the total system heat use
ie
at
m

Note 1 to entry: A more exact definition is given in the relevant formulas.


r
fo
in

3.1.12
de

solar preheat system


or

thermal solar system to preheat water prior to its entry into any other type of water heater
vo

3.1.13
T
EP

solar space heating system


C

SH system
N

thermal solar system delivering energy to space heating


O
C

3.1.14
solar-only system
thermal solar system without any back up heat source

Note 1 to entry: In EN ISO 9488, the back-up energy is called “auxiliary energy”.

3.1.15
solar-plus-supplementary system
thermal solar system which utilizes both solar and backup energy sources in an integrated way and is
able to provide a specified heating service independent of solar energy availability

3.1.16
thermal solar system
system composed of solar collectors and other components for the delivery of thermal energy

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3.1.17
peak collector efficiency
efficiency of the collector, when the collector mean fluid temperature is equal to the ambient
temperature

Note 1 to entry: When using data from EN ISO 9806 and the EN 12976 series, test reports for the calculations
described in this document, one needs to be careful to use the right values, as these test reports use the definitions
according to EN ISO 9488.

3.2 Photovoltaic systems

3.2.1
building-integrated photovoltaic modules
BIPV-modules
modules forming a construction product providing a function as defined in the European Construction
product Regulation CPR 305/2011

8
-0
Note 1 to entry: The BIPV module is a prerequisite for the integrity of the building functionality.

12
6-
3.2.2

01
building attached photovoltaic modules

2
BAPV-modules
st
m
modules mounted on a building envelope and not fulfilling the above criteria for building integration
ko
en

Note 1 to entry: The integrity of the building functionality is independent of the existence of a building-attached
je

photovoltaic module
bi
ie

3.2.3
at

net power production


rm

total power produced by the photovoltaic panel minus all auxiliary energy consumptions inside the sub-
fo
in

system boundaries
de

3.2.4
or

peak power
vo

sum of the rated DC power output of all installed and electrically connected photovoltaic modules at
T
EP

Standard Test Conditions (for a solar irradiance of 1 kW/m2 on their surface, at 25 °C);
C
N

[SOURCE: IEC 61215 - Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules – and IEC 61646 - Thin-
O

film terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules, modified]


C

3.2.5
energy produced on the building site
energy produced by technical building systems installed on-site

4 Symbols and abbreviations


4.1 Symbols

For the purposes of this document, the symbols given in prEN ISO 52000-1 and the specific symbols
listed in Table 2 apply.

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Table 2 — Symbols and units already defined in prEN ISO 52000-1

Symbol Quantity Unit French term German term


E solar irradiation Wh/m2
I solar irradiance W/m2

4.2 Subscripts

For the purposes of this document, the subscripts given in prEN ISO 52000-1 and the specific subscripts
listed in Tables 3, 4 and 5 apply.
Table 3 — Common subscripts for the technical systems domain

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5


Service Technical building Balance item Balance item Destination of

8
system specification recovery (service)

-0
12
E photovoltai sto storage E photovoltaic

6-
c, wind , wind

2 01
XY combinatio gen generation XY combination
n of C, H, W
st of C, H, W
m
ko

s thermal solar
en

bu back up
je
bi

heater
ie
at

ctr control
r m
fo

col collector
in
de
or

Table 4 — Common subscripts for interactions across the assessment boundary, unweighted
vo

energy
T
EP

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3


C

Type of energy flow Energy carrier Qualifier which service


N
O
C

sol solar heat E Photovoltaic, wind


pv solar electricity XY combination of C, H,
W
cr carrier (generic)

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Table 5 —Subscripts

amb ambient HS heated space rfl reflected


an annual hw hot water rtn return
app application hx heat exchanger s
avg average i interior S either W or H
bu back up in inlet S45 south,tilt = 45°
ci calculation ins insulation sb standby
interval
col collector it iteration set thermostat
setting
ctr control loop loop sol solar

8
-0
cw cold water low low sola solar

12
r

6-
01
dif diffuse m monthly srv service

2
din normal direct mod module sto storage
st
m
ko
dis distribution nom nominal th thermal
en

e external o nominal tilt tilt


je

conditions
bi
ie

h hourly ori orientation tlt tilt


at
m

H space heating p pipes tmp temporary


r
fo
in

high high perf performance us use


de

hn ? pk peak use use


or
vo

hor horizontal pm pump W water heating


T

p
EP

hr heated room ref reference


C
N

hs heated space req request


O
C

5 Description of the methods


5.1 Method 1 – solar thermal applications, using system test data

The methods technical input data are derived from a system test according to EN 12976-2 or
EN 12977-2.
The method outputs the back-up heater and solar thermal contribution to the heat use for the hot water
heating service, the system heat losses, the recoverable part of the heat losses, the auxiliary energy
consumption and the reduced heat losses of the back-up heater and reduced auxiliary energy
consumption of the back-up heater.
The output is generated on a monthly base.

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5.2 Method 2 – monthly solar thermal applications, using component test data

The technical input data are derived from component specifications. The method is based on the f-chart
method (see [2]).
The method outputs the back-up heater and solar thermal contribution to the heat use for the hot water
and space heating service, the system heat losses, the recoverable part of the heat losses, the auxiliary
energy consumption and the reduced heat losses of the back-up heater and reduced auxiliary energy
consumption of the back-up heater.
The output is generated on a monthly base.
5.3 Method 3 – hourly solar thermal applications

The output of the method is limited to the collector loop of a thermal solar application. The output data
consist of the heat delivered to the heat storage, the heat losses and the recoverable part of that and the
auxiliary energy consumption.

8
The output is generated on an hourly base.

-0
12
5.4 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method

6-
01
The output of the method is the electricity produced and delivered (net power production) by the

2
photovoltaic system on site.
st
m
The output is calculated on a yearly base.
ko

5.5 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method


en
je
bi

The output of the method is the electricity produced and delivered (net power production) by the
ie

photovoltaic system on site.


at
m

The output is calculated on a monthly base.


r
fo

5.6 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method


in
de

The output of the method is the electricity produced and delivered (net power production) by the
or

photovoltaic system on site.


vo
T

The output is calculated on an hourly base.


EP
C

6 Methods
N
O
C

6.1 Solar thermal applications


6.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data

6.1.1.1 Output data

The output data of this method are listed in Table 6.

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Table 6 — Annual or monthly output data of the method for the service (water heating only)
selected for the calculations

Name Symbol Unit Intended destination


Back up heater contribution to the heat use QW;bu;out [kWh] M8–8-x
Heat output to the distribution QW;sol;bu;out [kWh] M8–6
Auxiliary energy consumption of the solar WW;sol;aux [kWh] M8–1
system
Recoverable losses of the solar system QW;sol;ls;rbl [kWh] M2–2
Reduced auxiliary energy consumption back WW;bu;aux [kWh] M8–8-x
up heater
Reduced thermal losses back up heater QW;bu;ls [kWh] M8–8-x

8
-0
6.1.1.2 Calculation time step

12
6-
Method 1 can be used with the following time-steps:

01
— yearly;

2
st
m
— monthly.
ko
en

Dynamic effects are explicitly taken into account, but limited to the test results of the technical input
je

data.
bi
ie

6.1.1.3 Input data


at
m

6.1.1.3.1 Product technical data


r
fo
in

The product technical data are given in Table 7.


de

Table 7 — Product technical input data list


or
vo

Standard Catalogue
T
EP

Characteristic Symbol Unit Symbol Unit Validity Ref. Varying


C

interval
N
O

Energy required for service QW;sol;us;an,i kWh Qd MJ ≥0 A.1.1 YES


C

domestic hot water


Auxiliary energy consumption WW;sol;aux;an,i kWh Qpar MJ ≥0 A.1.1 YES
SOL_TYPE = SER only:
Solar contribution to the heat use QW;sol;out;an,i kWh QL MJ ≥0 A.1.1 YES
SOL_TYPE = PAR only:
Back up heater contribution to the QW;bu;out;an,i kWh Qaux;net MJ ≥0 A.1.1 YES
heat use

The performance input data in Table 7 shall be available for the climate conditions and
— one data set valid for a heat use higher than or equal to the energy required for the service
domestic hot water (i = +1); and

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— one data set valid for a heat use lower than or equal to the energy required for the service domestic
hot water (i = −1).

6.1.1.3.2 System design data

The qualitative system design data are given by:


— SOL_TYPE design type: preheater / solar-only or solar-plus-supplementary;
— STO_LOC the location of the heat storage tank,
and are identified by conventional strings defined in Annex A.
The quantified system design data are given by:
— ƒcol is the correction factor for the collector orientation and shadowing;
— ƒrbl is the factor for the calculation of the recoverable part of the heat losses;

8
— ƒbu;ins is the factor for the calculation of the heat losses in the back up heating loop;

-0
12
— ϑi;hr is the air temperature in a heated room;

6-
— ϑW;hw is the domestic hot water temperature,

2 01
and are defined in Annex A.
st
m
6.1.1.3.3 Operating conditions
ko
en

The operating conditions are given in Table 8.


je
bi

Table 8 — Operating conditions method 1


ie
at

Name Symbol Unit Range Origin Varying


rm

Module
fo
in

Calculation time step tci h 672


de

…8760
or
vo

Average solar irradiance on a plane facing Isol;s45 W/m2 0 … 1200 M1–13 YES
south and an angle of 45° with the
T
EP

horizontal
C

Average outside air temperature ϑe °C −20 … 30 M1–13 YES


N
O
C

Energy required for service domestic hot QW;sol;us kWh 0...∞ M8–2 YES
water
Auxiliary energy consumption back up WW;bu;aux;nom kWh ≥0 M8–8.x YES
heater
Heat losses back up heater QW;bu;ls;nom kWh ≥0 M8–8.x YES
Energy required for service space heating QH;sol;us;m kWh 0...∞ M3–2 YES

NOTE The values of the operating conditions are determined for the considered calculation period.

6.1.1.4 Calculation procedure

The average solar irradiance on the collector plane is determined for the location of the building, the
collector orientation and takes into account possible shadowing by obstacles and is calculated by
Formula (1).

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I sol I sol;s45 ⋅ f col


= [W/m2] (1)

where
Isol;S45 [W/m2] is the monthly or annual average solar irradiance on a plane facing south with
an angle of 45° with the horizontal;
ƒcol [-] is a correction factor for the orientation of the collector.
Values are given in Annex A.
The distribution factor for calculating the monthly performance of the solar system to monthly values is
calculated by Formula (2)
I sol ⋅t ci
f dis = [-] (2)
I sol;s45;an ⋅ t ci;an

8
where

-0
12
Isol;s45;an [W/m2] is the annual average solar irradiance on a plane facing south with an angle

6-
of 45° with the horizontal;

2 01
tci [h] is the time step of the calculation: hours of the month or hours of one year;
tci;an st
[h] is the hours of one year.
m
ko
en

In the following formulas linear interpolation is required with the system heat use as base. Formula (3)
je

is used, where the ‘Y’ parameters are replaced in accordance with each formula.
bi
ie

Y2 − Y1
( )
at

Y=
Y1 + Q w ;sol ;us ;an − Q w ;sol ;us ;an,i −1 ⋅ [kWh] (3)
m

Q w ;sol ;us ;an,i +1 − Q w ;sol ;us ;an,i −1


r
fo
in

where
de

QW;sol;us;an
or

[kWh] is the annual energy use for the service domestic hot water;
vo

QW;sol;us;an,i-1 [kWh] is the QW;sol;us;an from the data set, being the lowest of the two;
T
EP

QW;sol;us;an,i+1 [kWh] is the QW;sol;us;an from the data set being the highest of the two;
C

Yi [kWh] is the heat use applied for test result i.


N
O
C

The annual or monthly back up contribution to the domestic hot water use, for solar preheat or solar-
only systems, is calculated by Formula (4).
Q W;bu;out
= Q W;sol;us − f dis ⋅ Q W;sol;out;an
[kWh] (4)

where
QW;sol;us [kWh] is the annual or monthly energy use for the service domestic hot water
heating,
QW;sol;out;an [kWh] is the annual solar contribution to the heat use, calculated from the product
technical data by linear interpolation according to Formula (3), where
Y1 = QW;sol;out;an,i-1 and Y2 = QW;sol;out;an,i+1
The annual or monthly back up contribution to the domestic hot water use, solar-plus-supplementary
systems, is calculated by Formula (5).

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Q W;bu;out (
= Q W;sol;us − f dis ⋅ Q W;sol;us;an − Q W;bu;out;an ) [kWh] (5)

where
QW;bu;out;an [kWh] is the annual back up contribution to the heat use, calculated from the
product technical data by linear interpolation according to Formula (3),
where Y1 = QW;bu;out;an,i-1 and Y2 = QW;bu;out;an,i+1 ;
QW;sol;us;an [kWh] is the annual heat use for the service domestic hot water.
The annual auxiliary energy consumption is calculated by Formula (6)
W W;sol;aux = f dis ⋅ W W;sol;aux;an [kWh] (6)

where
WW;sol;aux;an [kWh] annual auxiliary energy consumption, calculated from the product

8
technical data by linear interpolation according to Formula (3), where

-0
Y1 = WW;sol;aux;an,i-1 and Y2 = WW;sol;aux;an,i+1

12
6-
The solar fraction is calculated by Formula (7)

2 01
Q − Q W;bu;out 
st
f sol =  W;sol;us  [-] m (7)
 Q W;sol;us
 
ko
en

The heat losses of the solar heating designated part of the storage are calculated by Formula (8)
je
bi

  Q W;sol;us  
0,4
ie

t
(ϑW;hw − ϑsto;amb )  ⋅ f sol ⋅ ci [kWh]
at

Q W;sol;sto;ls
= ⋅ 0,37 + 2,06 ⋅   (8)
  t ci 
m

  1 000

r
fo
in

The minimum value of QW;sol;sto;ls = 0


de

where
or
vo

ϑW;hw [°C] is the domestic hot water temperature;


T
EP

ϑsto;amb [°C] is the ambient air temperature surrounding the heat storage tank determined
C

according to the location of the heat storage tank according to,


N
O

— ϑsto;amb = ϑi;hr in a heated space;


C

— ϑsto;amb = (ϑi;hr + ϑe) /2 in a not heated space;


— ϑsto;amb = ϑe outside the building,
ϑe [°C] is the annual or monthly average outside air temperature;
ϑi;hr [°C] is the temperature in a heated room;
The heat losses of the back up heating designated part of the storage are calculated by Formula (9)
  Q W;sol;us 
0,4 
Q W;bu;sto;ls
= (ϑW;hw − ϑsto;amb ) ⋅  0,37 + 2,06 ⋅    ⋅ t ci [kWh] (9)
  t ci   1 000
 

for solar preheater or solar-only systems QW;bu;sto;ls = 0.

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The heat losses of the back up heating loop is calculated by Formula (10)
Q W;bu;dis;ls
= f bu;ins ⋅Q W;bu;out [kWh] (10)

where
ƒbu;ins [-]
factor describing the effect of the back up heater loop insulation. Default values are
given in Annex A.
The total recoverable heat losses of the solar system is calculated by Formula (11)
Q W;sol;ls;rbl =
f rbl ⋅ (Q W;sol;sto;ls + Q W;bu;sto;ls + Q W;bu;dis;ls ) [kWh] (11)

If QH;sol;us = 0 than QW;sol;ls;rbl = 0


where
ƒrbl [-] is the factor describing the recoverable part of the heat losses. Default values

8
are given in Annex A,

-0
12
QH;sol;us [kWh] Energy required for service space heating.

6-
01
NOTE It is assumed that all installation parts are in the same location.

2
st
The reduced auxiliary energy consumption of the back-up heater is calculated by Formula (12)
m
W W;bu;aux W W;bu;aux;nom ⋅ (1 − f sol )
ko
= [kWh] (12)
en
je

The reduced heat losses of the back-up heater is calculated by Formula (13)
bi
ie

Q W;bu;ls Q W;bu;ls;nom ⋅ (1 − f sol )


= [kWh] (13)
at
rm
fo

If ƒsol < 0,8: QW;bu;ls = QW;bu;ls;nom


in

6.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications


de
or

6.1.2.1 Output data


vo
T

The output data of this method are listed in Table 9.


EP

Table 9 — Output data of the method for the service (water or space heating) selected for the
C
N

calculations
O
C

Name Symbol Unit Intended


destination
Back up heater contribution to the heat use Qx;bu;out;m [kWh] M8–1 / M3–1
Heat output to the distribution Qx;sol;bu;out;m [kWh] Distribution
Heat losses of the solar designated part of the storage Qx;sol;sto;ls;m [kWh] M2–2
Heat losses of the back up heating designated part of Qx;bu;sto;ls;m [kWh] M2–2
the storage
Heat losses of the back up heater loop Qx;bu;dis;ls;m [kWh] M2–2
Recoverable losses of the solar system Qx;sol;ls;rbl;m [kWh] M2–2
Auxiliary energy consumption Wx;sol;aux;m [kWh] M8–1 / M3–1
Reduced auxiliary energy consumption back up heater Wx;bu;aux;m [kWh] M8–8-x / M3–8-x
Reduced thermal losses back up heater Qx;bu;ls;m [kWh] M8–8-x / M3–8-x

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Subscript “x” stands for “W” in case of an output for the water heating service and “H” in case of the
space heating service.
6.1.2.2 Calculation time step

Method 2 can be used with the following time-step:


— monthly.

All time constants in the system operation are smaller than the time step of the method of one month.
The time constants are taken into account in the empirical relations, but not explicitly visible.
This procedure is not suitable for dynamic simulations.
6.1.2.3 Input data

6.1.2.3.1 Product technical data

The product technical data are given in Table 10.

8
-0
Table 10 — Product technical input data list

12
6-
Characteristic Symbol Catalogue Compute Validity Ref. Varying

01
unit d unit interval

2
Collector reference area Asol;mod m2 st ≥0 A.1.2 no
m
ko

Peak collector efficiency ηo - ≤1 A.1.2 no


en
je

Collector heat loss a1 W/(m2.K) ≥ 0 ≤ 100 A.1.2 no


bi

coefficient
ie
at

Temperature dependent a2 W/(m2.K2) ≥ 0 ≤ 10 A.1.2 no


m

collector heat loss


r
fo

coefficient
in
de

the hemispherical Khem (50°) - ≥0 A.1.2 no


or

incidence angle modifier


vo

Power collector pump Psol;pmp W ≥0 A.1.2 no


T
EP
C
N

Storage volume Vsto;tot l ≥0 A.1.2 no


O
C

Back up heating designated Vsto;bu l ≥ 0 ≤ Vsto;tot A.1.2 no


storage volume
Storage heat losses Hsto;ls;tot W/K ≥0 A.1.2 no
Heat exchanger heat Hsto;hx W/K >0 A.1.2 no
transfer value

Note for collectors with bi- or multi-axial incidence angle modifiers Khem (50°) is calculated by:

( ) ( )
K hem 50 o K hem 40 o , o o ⋅ K hem 0 o ,40 o
= ( ) (13a)

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6.1.2.3.2 System design data

The qualitative system design data are given by


— SOL_USE intended use of the solar thermal system: water heating, space heating or both;
— STO_LOC the location of the heat storage tank;
— SOL_TYPE type of solar system layout,
and are identified by conventional strings defined in Annex A.
The quantitative system design data are given by
— ƒcol factor for the effect of the collector orientation;
— Ncol the number of collector modules installed;
— Hloop;p the overall heat loss coefficient of all pipes in the collector loop, including pipes
between collectors in the array and between collector array and solar storage tank in

8
W/K;

-0
12
— ηloop the efficiency of the collector loop;

6-
— taux collector pump operation time in hours;

2 01
— ƒbu factor for the effect of the type of back up heater control;
st
m
— ƒbu;ins factor for the effect of insulation in the back-up heater loop;
ko
en

— ϑH;dis;rtn design return temperature of the space heating distribution system in °C;
je

— ƒrbl factor determining the recoverable part of the system heat losses;
bi
ie

— ƒapp correction factor;


at
m

— a,b,c,d,e,f correlation factors used in the calculations;


r
fo
in

— ϑW;bu;set thermostat setting of the back-up heating designated part of the heat storage (water
de

heating), when applicable;


or

— ϑH;bu;set thermostat setting of the back-up heating designated part of the heat storage (space
vo

heating), when applicable;


T
EP

— ϑi;hr is the air temperature in a heated room;


C

— ϑW;hw is the domestic hot water temperature.


N
O
C

Default values are given in Annex A.


6.1.2.3.3 Operating conditions

The operating conditions are given in Table 11.

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Table 11 — Operating conditions method 2

Name Symbol Unit Range Origin Varying


Module
Hours in the month tci;m [h] 672 … 744 YES
Monthly average solar irradiance on the Isol;S45;m [W/m2] 0 … 1200 M1.13 YES
collector
Monthly average outside air temperature ϑe;m °C −30 … 60 M1.13 YES
Energy required for service space heating QH;sol;us;m kWh 0...∞ M3–2 YES
Energy required for service domestic hot QW;sol;us;m kWh 0...∞ M8–2 YES
water
Cold water temperature ϑW;cw;m °C >0 M1.13 YES
Domestic hot water temperature ϑW;hw °C 0–100 M8–6 NO

8
-0
12
Domestic hot water service temperature ϑW;srv °C 0–100 M8–6 NO

6-
Heat output back up heater QW;bu;out;m kWh ≥0 M8–8.x YES

2 01
Auxiliary energy consumption back up WW;bu;aux;nom;m kWh ≥0 M8–8.x YES
heater
st
m
ko

Heat losses back up heater QW;bu;ls;nom;m kWh ≥0 M8–8.x YES


en
je

Auxiliary energy consumption back up WH;bu;aux;nom;m kWh ≥0 M3–8.x YES


bi

heater
ie
at

Heat losses back up heater QH;bu;ls;nom;m kWh ≥0 M3–8.x YES


rm
fo
in

Note The hot water temperature is the not mixed temperature of the water. The service temperature is the
de

minimum useful warm water temperature.


or

6.1.2.4 Calculation procedure - General


vo
T

The calculation time step is one month.


EP
C

The calculation procedure consists of the following consecutive steps:


N
O

1) calculation of the operating conditions (6.1.2.5.1);


C

2) calculation of the energy performance for one or two services (6.1.2.5.2 or 6.1.2.5.3).

6.1.2.5 Calculation procedure

6.1.2.5.1 Operating conditions

The ambient air temperature surrounding the heat storage tank is determined according to the location
of the storage tank by
— ϑsto;amb;m = ϑi;hr °C in a heated space (STO_LOC = HS)
— ϑsto;amb;m = (ϑi;hr + ϑe;m) /2 °C in a not heated space (STO_LOC = NHS)
— ϑsto;amb;m = ϑe;m °C outside the building (STO_LOC = OUTSIDE)

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where
ϑi;hr [°C] is a fixed value for the air temperature in a heated room,
Values are given in Annex A.
ϑe;m [°C] is the average monthly outside air temperature.
The monthly average outside air temperature is specific for the location of the
building. Default values are given in Annex A.
The monthly average solar irradiance on the collector plane is determined for the location of the
building, the collector orientation and takes into account possible shadowing by obstacles. The factor is
calculated by Formula (14)
I sol;m I sol;S45;m ⋅ f col
= [W/m2] (14)

where

8
-0
ƒcol [-] Is the correction factor for the orientation of the collector.

12
Values are given in Annex A.

6-
01
6.1.2.5.2 Calculation settings for the water heating service

2
st
m
The calculation procedure for the water heating service is performed if
ko
en

— the system is designed for the water heating service (SOL_USE = WHS or SOL_ USE = COMBI); and
je
bi

— for month with a water heating use (QW;sol;us,m > 0).


ie
at
m

If the calculation method is not executed, all the output values for the water heating service are set to
r

zero.
fo
in

The monthly heat use for domestic hot water includes the emission losses and the thermal losses from
de

domestic hot water distribution and is determined in module M8-2. Default values are given in Annex A.
or
vo

The monthly average cold water temperature (=ϑW;cw,m) is specific for the location of the building.
Default values are given in Annex A.
T
EP

The design domestic hot water temperature (=ϑW;hw), the domestic hot water service temperature
C

(=ϑW;srv) and, if applicable, the set point of the back-up heating designated part of the storage (ϑW;bu;set
N
O

and ϑH;bu;set) are fixed values. Values are given in Annex A.


C

The calculation procedure in paragraph 6.1.2.5.4 is called with the parameter settings from Table 12.

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Table 12 — Parameter settings for the service water heating

Symbol Unit Description


Qx;sol;us,m [kWh] Monthly heat use for the water heating service (QW;sol;us)
ƒx;use,m [-] Calculated according to Formula (15)
Ax;sol,m [m2] Calculated according to Formula (16)
Vx;sto;tot [l] Calculated according to Formula (17)
Vx;sto;bu [l] Calculated according to Formula (18)
Hx;sto;ls [W/K] Calculated according to Formula (19)
Hx;sto;hx [W/K] The heat exchanger heat transfer rate for the whole heat storage tank (=Hsto;hx)
Default values are given in Annex A.
ϑx;ref,m [°C] Calculated according to Formula (20)

8
-0
ϑx;low,m [°C] Monthly average cold water temperature (=ϑW;cw,m)

12
6-
Default values are given in Annex A.

01
ϑx;high,m [°C] Domestic hot water temperature (=ϑW;hw)

2
st
Default values are given in Annex A. m
ko
ϑx;bu;set [°C] Thermostat setting for the back-up heating designated part of the storage for
en

the water heating service (=ϑW;bu;set)


je

Default values are given in Annex A.


bi
ie

Wx;bu;aux;nom,m [kWh] Auxiliary energy consumption of the back-up heat generator for the water
at
m

heating service (=WW;bu;aux;nom,m)


r
fo

Qx;bu;ls;nom,m [kWh] Heat losses of the back-up heat generator for the water heating service
in

(=QW;bu;ls;nom,m)
de
or

Px;sol;pmp [W] Calculated according to Formula (21)


vo
T

The factor designating part of the system to the water heating service is calculated by Formula (15)
EP

Q W;sol;us;m
C

f x,use,m =
N

[-] (15)
Q W;sol;us;m + Q H;sol;us;m
O
C

If SOL_SYS = WH: ƒx,use;m = 1


where
QW;sol;us;m [kWh] is the monthly heat use for the water heating service;
QH;sol;us;m [kWh] is the monthly heat use for the space heating service;
SOL_SYS [-] is the services delivered by the solar system.
The effective collector area designated for the water heating service is calculated by Formula (16)
Ax;sol,m = f x,use;m ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col [m2] (16)

where
Asol;mod [m2] is the collector module reference area;

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Ncol [-] is the number of installed collector modules.


The effective total storage volume for the water heating service is calculated by Formula (17)
V x;sto;tot
= f x,use;m ⋅Vsto;tot [liter] (17)

where
Vsto;tot [l] is the total volume of the storage tank.
The effective volume of the back-up heating designated part of the storage for the water heating service
is calculated by Formula (18)
V=
x;sto;bu f x,use;m ⋅Vsto;bu [liter] (18)

where
Vsto;bu [l] is the volume of the back-up heating designated part of the storage tank.

8
-0
Vsto;bu

12
is zero, when the storage tank is only intended for the storage of solar heat (preheater).

6-
The effective storage heat losses for the water heating service is calculated by Formula (19)

2 01
H=
x;sto;ls f x,use;m ⋅ H sto;ls;tot [W/K] (19)
st
m
ko
where
en
je

Hsto;ls;tot [W/K] is the heat loss coefficient for the whole heat storage tank.
bi
ie

Default values are given in Annex A.


at
m

The reference temperature is calculated by Formula (20)


r
fo

ϑ x;ref ,m = 11,6 + 1,18 ⋅ϑ W;sr⋅ + 3,86 ⋅ϑ W;cw ,m − 1,32 ⋅ϑe,m


in

[°C] (20)
de

where
or
vo

ϑw;srv [°C] is the domestic hot water service temperature;


T
EP

ϑw;cw,m [°C] is the domestic cold water temperature;


C

ϑe,m
N

[°C] is the monthly average outside air temperature.


O
C

Default values are given in Annex A.


The effective pump power for the water heating service is calculated by Formula (21)
Px;sol;pmp
= f x,use,m ⋅Psol;pmp [W] (21)

where
Psol;pmp [W] power of the collector pump.
Default values are given in Annex A.

6.1.2.5.3 Calculation settings for the space heating service

The calculation procedure for the space heating service is performed if


— the system is designed for the space heating service (SOL_USE = SHS or SOL_ USE = COMBI); and

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— for month with space heating use (QH;sol;us,m > 0).

If the calculation method is not executed, all the output values for the space heating service are set to
zero.
The monthly heat use for space heating include the emission losses and the thermal losses from the
space heating distribution and are determined in module M3-2.
The space heating distribution return temperature (ϑH;dis;rtn) and, if applicable, the set point of the back-
up heating designated part of the storage (ϑW;bu;set and ϑH;bu;set) and are fixed values. Values are given in
Annex A.
The calculation procedure in paragraph 6.1.2.5.4 is called with the parameter settings from Table 13.
Table 13 — Parameter settings for the service space heating

Qx;sol;us,m [kWh] monthly heat use for the space heating service(QH;sol;us)
ƒuse,m [-] calculated according to Formula (22)

8
-0
Ax;sol,m [m2] calculated according to Formula (23)

12
6-
Vx;sto;tot [l] calculated according to Formula (24)

01
Vx;sto;bu [l] calculated according to Formula (25)

2
Hx;sto;ls [W/K] calculated according to Formula (26) st
m
ko

Hx;sto;hx [W/K] heat exchanger heat transfer rate for the whole heat storage tank (=Hsto;hx)
en

Default values are given in Annex A.


je
bi

ϑx;ref,m
ie

calculated according to Formula (27)


at
m

ϑx;low,m [°C] air temperature in a heated room (=ϑi;hr)


r
fo

ϑx;high,m [°C] space heating distribution return temperature (=ϑH;dis;rtn)


in
de

Default values are given in Annex A.


or

ϑx;bu;set [°C] thermostat setting back up heating (designated part of the) storage for the
vo

space heating service(=ϑH;bu;set)


T

Default values are given in Annex A.


EP
C

Ws;bu;aux;nom,m [kWh] auxiliary energy consumption of the back-up heat generator for the space
N

heating service(=WH;bu;aux;nom,m)
O
C

Qx;bu;ls;nom,m [kWh] heat losses of the back-up heat generator for the space heating service
(=QH;bu;ls;nom,m)
Px;sol;pmp [W] Calculated according to Formula (28)

The factor designating part of the system to the space heating service is calculated by Formula (22)
Q H;sol;us,m
f x,use,m = [-] (22)
Q W;sol;us,m + Q H;sol;us,m

If SOL_SYS = SH: ƒx,use;m = 1


where
QW;sol;us,m [kWh] is the monthly heat use for the water heating service;
Default values are given in Annex A.

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QH;sol;us,m [kWh] is the monthly heat use for the space heating service;
SOL_SYS [-] is the services delivered by the solar system.
The designating collector area for the space heating service is calculated by Formula (23)
Ax;sol,m = f x,use,m ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col [m2] (23)

where
Asol;mod [m2] is the collector module reference area;
Ncol [-] is the number of installed collector modules.
The designating total storage volume for the space heating service is calculated by Formula (24)
V x;sto;tot
= f use;m ⋅Vsto;tot [l] (24)

where

8
-0
Vsto;tot

12
[l] is the total volume of the storage tank.

6-
The back-up heating designated part of the storage for the space heating service is calculated by

01
Formula (25)

2
st
V x;sto;bu
= f x,use,m ⋅Vsto;bu [l] m (25)
ko

where
en
je

Vsto;bu [l] is the volume of the back-up heating designated part of the storage tank;
bi
ie

Vsto;bu is zero, when the storage tank is only intended for the storage of solar heat (preheater).
at
rm

The effective storage heat losses for the space heating service is calculated by Formula (26)
fo
in

H=
x;sto;ls f x,use,m ⋅H sto;ls;tot [W/K] (26)
de
or

where
vo
T

Hsto;ls;tot [W/K] is the heat loss coefficient of the whole heat storage tank.
EP

Default values are given in Annex A.


C
N

The reference temperature is calculated by Formula (27)


O
C

ϑ x;ref =
0,75⋅ϑH;dis;rtn + 55 [°C] (27)

where
ϑH;dis;rtn [°C] is the return temperature of the space heating distribution system.
Default values are given in Annex A.
The effective pump power for the space heating service is calculated by Formula (28)
Px;sol;pmp
= f x,use,m ⋅Psol;pmp [W] (28)

where
Psol;pmp [W] power of the collector pump.
Default values are given in Annex A.

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6.1.2.5.4 Calculation method for one service

The calculation method in 6.1.2.5.4 is valid for the water heating service and for the space heating
service, using the parameters prescribed in 6.1.2.5.2 or 6.1.2.5.3. The output data of the method is valid
for the applicable service.
The storage tank capacity correction factor is calculated by Formula (29)
0,25
 75⋅ Ax;sol,m 
f sto,m =   [l] (29)
 V
 sto;sol 

where
Vsto;sol [l] is the storage volume dedicated for solar generated heat calculated in dependence
of the
system type (SOL_TYPE) by Formula (30)

8
-0
if SOL_TYPE = ”SER”:

12
Vsto;sol = Vx;sto;tot [l]

6-
01
if SOL_TYPE = ”PAR”

2
;sol V x ;sto;tot ⋅ (1 − f aux )
st
V sto
= m [l] (30)
ko

Vx;sto;tot [l] is the total volume of the storage tank;


en
je

ƒaux [-] is calculated according to Formula (31).


bi
ie

The fraction of the storage tank volume used for back-up heating is calculated by Formula (31)
at
m

V x;sto;bu
r

f aux
= f bu ⋅
fo

[-] (31)
Vx;sto;tot
in
de

where
or
vo

ƒbu [-] is the control coefficient for the back-up heater.


T
EP

Default values are given in Annex A.


C
N

The heat losses of the back-up heating designated part of the storage is calculated by Formula (32)
O
C

V x;sto;tot − Vsto;sol t
Q x;bu;sto;ls,m =( x;sto;ls ⋅
V x;sto;tot
( ) 1000
⋅ ϑ x;bu;set − ϑsto;amb,m ⋅ ci,m
[kWh] (32)

Note If the backup heater efficiency is determined with inclusion of the heat losses of the hot water storage
tank, Qx;bu;sto;ls,m is set to zero to avoid double counting of this heat loss.

The heat use applied to the solar part of the system is calculated according to Formula (32a).
Q sol ;ls ;us Q x ;sol ;us ,m + Q x ;bu;sto;ls ,m
= (32a)

The value of the factor X is calculated by Formula (33)

Xm =
( )
Ax;sol;m ⋅( loop ⋅η loop ⋅ ϑ x;ref ,m − ϑe,m ⋅ f sto,m ⋅t ci,m
[-] (33)
Q sol ;ls ;us ⋅1 000

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The minimum value of Xm = 0 and the maximum value of Xm = 18.


where
Hloop [W/(m2.K)] is the heat loss coefficient of the collector loop (pipes and collector)
calculated by Formula (34);
ηloop [-] is efficiency factor of the collector loop taking into account the influence of
the heat exchanger.
Default values are given in Annex A.
ϑe,m [°C] is the outside air temperature.
Default values are given in Annex A.
All parameters with an ‘x’ subscript are defined in 6.1.2.5.2 or 6.1.2.5.3.
H loop;p
H loop = a1 + a2 ⋅ 40 + [W/K] (34)
A x ;sol ,m

8
-0
12
where

6-
01
Hloop;p [W/K] is the overall heat loss coefficient of all pipes in the collector loop, including

2
pipes between collectors and array pipes between collector array and solar
storage tank.
st
m
ko

Default values are given in Annex A.


en
je

The value for the factor Y is calculated by Formula (35)


bi

( )
ie

Ax;sol,m ⋅ K hem 50 o ⋅ η o ⋅η loop ⋅ ) sol,m ⋅ t ci,m


at

Ym = [-] (35)
m

Q sol ;ls ;us ⋅1 000


r
fo
in

The minimum value of Ym = 0.


de
or

where
vo

ηo [-] is the peak collector efficiency,


T
EP

Khem(50°) [-] is the incidence angle modifier,


C
N

ηloop [-] is the efficiency of the collector loop taking into account influences of the
O

heat exchanger.
C

The value is defined in Annex A.


Isol,m [W/m2] the monthly average solar radiation on the collector plane taking into
account the collector orientation and (possible) shadowing.
All parameters with an ‘x’ subscript are defined in 6.1.2.5.2 or 6.1.2.5.3.
The contribution of the solar thermal system to the heat use is calculated in four steps.
The first estimation of the solar contribution is calculated by Formula (36)

Q sol;tmp,m (
= f app ⋅ a ⋅ Ym + b ⋅ X m + c ⋅ Ym2 + d ⋅ X m
2 3
+ e ⋅ Ym 3
+ f ⋅Xm )
⋅ Q sol ;ls ;us [kWh] (36)

The minimum value of Qsol;tmp,m = 0


where

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ƒapp [-] is a correction factor;


Values are given in Annex A.
a .. f [-] are constants defined in Annex A.
The first estimation of the solar fraction is calculated by Formula (37)
Q sol;tmp,m
f tmp,m = [-] (37)
Q sol ;ls ;us

The maximum value of ƒtmp,m = 1


The storage heat losses are calculated by Formula (38)
V x ;sto;sol t ci ;m
Q x ;sol ;sto;ls ;m = ( x ;sto;ls ⋅
V x ;sto;tot
( ( ) )
⋅ ϑ x ;low + ϑ x ;high − ϑ x ;low ⋅ f tmp;m − ϑ sto;amb;m ⋅ f tmp;m ⋅
1000
[kWh]

8
(38)

-0
12
The solar contribution is calculated by Formula (39)

6-
01
Q x;sol;out
= ,m Q sol;tmp,m − Q x;sol;sto;ls,m [kWh] (39)

2
The minimum value of Qsol;out,m = 0 and the maximum value of Qsol;out,m = Qsol;ls;us,m. st
m
ko

The contribution of the back-up heater to the heat use is calculated by Formula (40)
en
je

Q x;bu;out ,m =Q x;sol;us,m − Q x;sol;out ,m + Q x;bu;sto;ls,m [kWh] (40)


bi
ie
at

The output of the combination of solar system and back up heater to the distribution system is
m

calculated in dependency of the system type (SOL_TYPE) according to,


r
fo
in

if SOL_TYPE = ”SER”:
de

Q x;sol;bu;out
= ,m Q x;sol;us,m − Q x;bu;out ,m [kWh] (41)
or
vo

if SOL_TYPE = ”PAR”
T
EP

Q x;sol;bu;out ,m = Q x;sol;us,m
(41b)
C
N
O

where
C

QW;bu;out;,m [kWh] is the output of the back-up heat generator (operational input from M8-8.x).
The heat losses of the back-up heating loop is calculated by Formula (42)
Q x;bu;dis;ls,m
= f bu;ins ⋅Q x;bu;out ,m [kWh] (42)

where
ƒbu;ins [-] is a factor describing the effect of the back-up heater loop insulation.
Default values are given in Annex A.
The total recoverable heat losses of the solar system is calculated by Formula (43)
Q x;sol;ls;rbl,m =
f rbl ⋅ (Q x;sol;sto;ls,m + Q x;bu;sto;ls,m + Q x;bu;dis;ls,m ) [kWh] (43)

If QH;sol;us,m = 0 than Qx;sol;ls;rbl,m = 0

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where
ƒrbl [-] factor describing the recoverable part of the heat losses;
Default values are given in Annex A.
NOTE It is assumed that all installation parts are in the same location.

The auxiliary energy consumption is calculated by Formula (44)


t aux,m
W x;sol;aux,m
= Px;sol;pmp ⋅ [kWh] (44)
1 000

where
taux,m [h] is the monthly collector pump operation time, calculated by Formula (45).
The monthly distribution of the annual collector pump operation time is calculated by Formula (45)

8
-0
I sol,m

12
t aux,m
= ⋅t aux [h] (45)
12
∑ m=1

6-
I sol,m

2 01
where
st
m
ko
taux [h] is the annual operation time of the collector pump.
en

Values are given in Annex A.


je
bi

The reduced auxiliary energy consumption of the back-up heater is calculated by Formula (46)
ie

( )
at

W x ;bu;aux ;m W x ;bu;aux ;nom;m ⋅ 1 − f sol ;m


= [kWh] (46)
mr
fo

where
in
de

ƒsol;m [-] is the solar fraction calculated by Formula (47)


or

The solar fraction is calculated by


vo
T

Q x;sol;out ,m
EP

f sol,m = [-] (47)


Q sol ;ls ;us
C
N
O

The reduced heat losses of the back-up heater is calculated by Formula (48)
C

Q x;bu;ls,m Q x;bu;ls;nom,m ⋅ 1 − f sol,m


= ( ) [kWh] (48)

If ƒsol,m < 0,8 than Qx;bu;ls,m = Qx;bu;ls;nom,m


6.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications

6.1.3.1 Output data

The output data of this method are listed in Table 14.

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Table 14 — Hourly output data of the method 3

Name Symbol Unit Intended


destination
Collector loop heat output request to storage Qsol;loop;out;req [kWh] M3.7 / M8.7
Iteration number. Nsol;it = 3 is final calculation Nsol;it - M3–7 / M8–7
Heat generated in the collector absorber Qsol;gen [kWh] M1.9
Collector heat output Qsol;col;out [kWh] M1.9
Collector loop heat output Qsol;loop;out [kWh] M1.9
Collector loop heat losses Qsol;loop;ls [kWh] M2.2
Recoverable heat losses collector loop Qsol;loop;ls;rbl [kWh] M2.2
Auxiliary (electrical) energy consumption in the Esol;aux [kWh] M1.9

8
collector loop

-0
12
Indication of final iteration call SOL_FINAL - M3–7 / M8–7

6-
01
6.1.3.2 Calculation time step

2
st
m
The method described in this chapter is suitable for the hourly calculation time step.
ko
en

This method does take into account the dynamic effects within the solar system, the related other
je

installation parts and the surroundings (building and climate).


bi
ie

This method can be used within a dynamic calculation scheme.


at
m

Monthly and yearly outputs can be extracted from the hourly output by summation of the hourly heat
r
fo

quantities.
in

6.1.3.3 Input data


de
or

6.1.3.3.1 Product technical data


vo
T

The product technical data are specified in Table 15.


EP
C
N
O
C

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Table 15 — Product technical input data list

Characteristic Symbol Catalogue Compute Validit Ref. Varyin


unit d unit y g
interva
l
Collector module reference Asol;mod m2 >0 Annex A NO
area
Peak collector efficiency ηo - ≤1 Annex A NO
First order heat loss a1 W/(m2.K) ≥ 0, ≤ 1 Annex A NO
coefficient 00
Second order heat loss a2 W/(m2.K2) ≥ 0, ≤ 1 Annex A NO
coefficient 0
Hemispherical incidence angle Khem (50°) - ≥0 Annex A NO

8
-0
modifier

12
6-
Mass flow rate collector loop ṁcol,h kg/(s.m2) ≥0 Annex A NO

01
per m2

2
Psol;pmp
st
Power of collector pump W m ≥0 Annex A NO
Psol;ctr
ko
Power of collector pump W ≥0 Annex A NO
en

controller
je
bi

6.1.3.3.2 System design data


ie
at
m

The system design data are given by Table 16:


r
fo

Table 16 — System design data


in
de

Characteristic Symbol Unit Validity Ref. Varyin


or

interval g
vo

Location of the main part of the SOL_LOC - Annex A NO


T
EP

collector loop piping


C

Number of collector modules Ncol - >0 Annex A NO


N
O

installed
C

Tilt angle of the collector αsol;tilt o ≥ 0°, ≤ 90° Annex A NO


collector azimuth of the αsol;ori o ≥ 0°, < 360° Annex A NO
collector
Mass flow rate solar loop ṁsol kg/s >0 Annex A NO
Heat losses of the solar loop Hsol;loop W/K >0 Annex A NO
supply piping
Is the air temperature in a ϑi;hr °C 15 .. 25 Annex A NO
heated room

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6.1.3.3.3 Operating conditions

The operating conditions are specified in Table 17.


Table 17 — Operating conditions method 3

Name Symbol Unit Range Origin Varying


Module
Calculation interval tci [h] 1 M1–9 NO
Solar irradiance on the collector Isol;h [W/m2] 0 … 1200 M1–13 YES
plane
Outside air temperature ϑe;h [°C] −30 … 50 M1–13 YES
Storage temperature of the model ϑsto;vol;1,h-1 [°C] M3–7 / M8– YES
segment 1 7

8
Return temperature from storage ϑsto;sol;out,h [°C] M3–7 / M8– YES

-0
12
module to collector loop 7

6-
Heat from collector loop inputted Qsto;sol;in,h [kWh] M3–7 / M8– YES

01
into the storage 7

2
Space heating demand QH;sol;us,h [kWh]
st M3–2 YES
m
ko
en

NOTE The process design data αsol;tilt and αsol;ori are inputs for the calculation of Isol;col in module M1–9.
je
bi

It is assumed that M1-9 is known with the geographical location of the building and has access to a set
ie

of hourly reference climate conditions.


at
m

6.1.3.3.4 Constants and physical data


r
fo
in

The constants and physical data are specified in Table 18.


de

Table 18 — Constants and physical data


or
vo

Name Symbol Unit Value


T
EP

Water specific heat cw J/(kg.K) 4186


C
N
O

6.1.3.4 Calculation procedure


C

At the start of the calculation for one hour, the operating conditions (Table 13) are read.
6.1.3.4.1 Initial calculations

The air temperature surrounding the collector loop is determined in relation to its location by
Formula (49)
— SOL_LOC = HS: ϑsol;amb,h =ϑ i;hr [°C]

— SOL_LOC = NHS: ϑsol;amb,h


= (ϑ i;hr + ϑe,h )/ 2 [°C] (49)

— SOL_LOC = OUT: ϑsol;amb,h =ϑe,h [°C]


where
ϑi;hr [°C] is the air temperature in a heated space in the building;

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ϑe,h [°C] is the outside air temperature.

The installed collector area is calculated by Formula (50)


Asol Asol;mod ⋅N sol;mod
= [m2] (50)

where
Asol;mod [m2] is the collector module reference area;
Nsol;mod [-] is the number of applied collector modules.
The first estimation of the average collector water temperature determined by Formula (51)
0,4 ⋅I sol;h ⋅ Asol
ϑcol;a⋅g;h ϑsol;loop;in,h−1 +
= [°C] (51)
m col ⋅ C W ⋅ 2

8
Subscript ‘h‘ is valid for the current value and ‘h-1’ is the value from the previous hourly time step and

-0
12
final iteration.

6-
where

2 01
ϑsol;loop;in,h-1 [°C] the inlet temperature to the collector loop from the final iteration and
the previous hour,
st
m
ko

For the first call to calculation module Ѳsol;loop;in,h-1 is equal to the initial
en

temperature of the bottom volume of the storage tank.


je
bi

Isol,h [W/m2] is the solar irradiance on the collector plane,


ie
at

ṁcol [kg/s] is the collector mass flow rate;


m r

cw [J/(kg.K)] is the water specific heat.


fo
in

6.1.3.4.2 Calculations within the iteration loop


de
or

The collector efficiency is calculated by Formula (52)


vo

( )
η col,h = η o ⋅ K hem 50 o − a1 ⋅ Th* − a2 ⋅T *2 ⋅ ) sol,h [-] (52)
T
EP
C

where
N
O
C

ηo [-] is the peak collector efficiency;


Khem(50°) [-] is the incidence angle modifier;
a1 [W/(m2.K)] is the first order heat loss coefficient;
a2 [W/(m2.K2)] is the second order heat loss coefficient;
Isol,h [W/m2] is the solar irradiance on the collector plane;
T*h [K.m2/W] is the reduced temperature difference collector, calculated by
Formula (53)
ϑcol;avg;h − ϑoutside;h
Th* = (53)
I sol;h

ϑcol;avg,h [°C] is the average water temperature in the collector;


ϑe,h [°C] is the outside air temperature.

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The collector absorber heat input is calculated by Formula (54)


Q sol;gen;h =η o ⋅ I sol;h ⋅ Asol ⋅ t ci ⋅ 0,001 [kWh] (54)

where
Asol [m2] is the installed collector reference area.
The collector output heat is calculated by Formula (55)
Q sol;out;h= η col;h ⋅ I sol;h ⋅ Asol ⋅ t ci ⋅ 0,001 [kWh] (55)

The heat losses of the collector loop piping are calculated by Formula (56)

Q sol;loop;ls,h (
= ( sol;loop ⋅ ϑcol;a⋅g,h − ϑsol;amb,h ⋅ t ci ⋅ 0,001 ) [kWh] (56)

where

8
-0
Hsol;loop [W/K] is th heat loss coefficient of the collector loop piping.

12
6-
The heat output of the collector loop is calculated by Formula (57)

01
Q sol;loop;out
= ,h Q sol;out ,h − Q sol;loop;ls,h

2
[kWh] (57)

st
m
The minimum value of Q sol;loop;out;h is Psol;pmp ⋅ t ci ⋅ 3 ⋅ 0,001 . Below this threshold all heat outputs are
ko
en

set to zero.
je
bi

The storage module is called with Qsto;sol;in;req as input value.


ie
at

where
r m

Qsto;sol;in;req [kWh] is the proposed heat input to the storage tank and set equal to Qsol;loop;out
fo
in

In case of the final iteration:


de

If Qsol;loop;out;h is greater than Qsto;sol;in;h-1 then Qsto;sol;in;req = Qsto;sol;in;h-1


or
vo

The storage module responds with


T
EP

ϑsto;vol1,h [°C] is the storage bottom volume temperature.


C
N

ϑsol;loop;in,h [°C] is the storage outlet temperature to the collector loop.


O
C

ϑsto;vol1;out,h can differ from ϑsol;loop;in,h when a heat exchanger is applied.


If Qsol;loop;out,h is zero, than ϑsol;loop;in,h = ϑsto;vol1,h.
Qsto;sol;in,h [kWh] is the heat from the collector loop accepted by the storage module.
Qsto;sol;in,h is lower than Qsol;loop;out;h is an indication of an action of the storage.
The collector efficiency is related to the temperature of the heat storage that is related to the collector
efficiency. This calls for iterative calls to the storage module to determine the final calculation
conditions. The iteration is executed 4 times, whereby the fourth call is the final call. Alternatives for the
determination of the number of iterations are given in Annex A.
The new average collector water temperature is calculated by Formula (58)
ϑsol;loop;in,h−1 + ϑsol;loop;in,h Q sol;loop;out ,h
ϑcol;a⋅g,h + [°C] (58)
2  col ⋅ C W ⋅ 2
m

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The next iteration calculation step starts at the calculation of the collector efficiency (Formula (52)).
6.1.3.4.3 Final calculations

The auxiliary energy consumption is calculated by Formulae (59) and (60)


Wsol;aux;h
= Psol;ctr ⋅ t ci [kWh] (59)

if Qsol;loop;out,h = 0 than
Wsol;aux;h =( Psol;ctr + Psol;pmp ) ⋅ t ci [kWh] (60)

where
Psol;ctr [W] is the power of the collector pump control;
Psol;pmp [W] is the power of the collector pump.

8
The recoverable heat losses of the collector loop are calculated by Formula (61)

-0
12
Q sol;loop;rbl;h = Q sol;loop;ls;h [kWh] (61)

6-
01
If QH;sol;us,h = 0 than

2
st
Qsol;loop;rbl,h = 0 m
ko
where
en

QH;sol;us,h [kWh] is the hourly space heating demand.


je
bi

6.2 Solar photovoltaic systems


ie
at
m

6.2.1 General
r
fo
in

The previous standard issued in 2007 only dealt with annual electricity production based on annual
de

solar irradiation. This chapter 6.2, first contains the description of that previous yearly method,
or

paragraph 6.2.2.
vo

This standard in its paragraphs 6.2.3 and 6.2.4, proposes ways to assess the electricity production on
T

monthly and hourly bases.


EP
C

6.2.2 Method 4 - photovoltaic – yearly method


N
O

6.2.2.1 Output data of method 4


C

Table 19 — Output data of the method 4

Description Symbol Unit Intended


destination
module
Electrical energy delivered by the
Eel;pv;out kWh M3–1
photovoltaic system
Thermal output of the photovoltaic
Qpv;gen;out kWh M3–1
system
System thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls kWh M3–1
Recoverable system thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls;rbl kWh M3–1
Auxiliary energy consumption Wpv;gen;aux kWh M3–1

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6.2.2.2 Input data

Table 20 — Input data

Description Symbol Unit Origin


module
Global solar irradiation: solar
Esol;hor kWh/m2 M1–13
irradiation on a horizontal surface
Tilt and orientation factor ftlt - M1–13
System performance factor fperf - M1–13
Peak power coefficient Kpk kW/m2 M1–13

6.2.2.3 Product data

Table 21 — Product data

8
-0
12
Catalogue Compute Validity Varyin
Characteristics Symbol Ref.

6-
unit d Unit interval g

01
2
Total area of PV modules
A m2 m2 [1:+∞] NO
(without frame)
st
m
ko

Azimuth angle of PV modules α ° ° [0:360] NO


en

β
je

Tilt angle of the PV modules ° ° [0:90] NO


bi

6.2.2.4 Energy delivered by the photovoltaic system


ie
at
m

Electricity produced by the photovoltaic system Eel;pv;out is calculated by Formula (62):


r
fo

Eel;pv;out = Esol . Ppk . fperf / Iref [kWh]


in

(62)
de

where
or
vo

Esol is the annual hemispherical solar irradiation on the photovoltaic system [kWh/(m2.year)];
T
EP

Ppk is the peak power [kW]; represents the electrical power of a photovoltaic system with a
given area and for a solar irradiance of 1 kW/m2 on this surface (at 25 °C);
C
N
O

fperf is the system performance factor [-];


C

Iref is the reference solar irradiance equal to 1 kW/m2.


NOTE 1 This value of Eel;pv;out is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

Take into account also the influence of shadowing effects from various parts of the building (e.g.
chimneys, ventilation units) on the annual quantity of electricity produced.
For renewable energy produced on the building site, no energy input is taken into account.
Epv;gen;in = 0
NOTE 2 This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

NOTE 3 prEN ISO 52000-1 specifies that for active solar systems, the incident solar radiation on the solar
panels is not part of the energy balance. Only the energy delivered by the generation device is taken into account
in the energy balance.

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6.2.2.5 Solar irradiation on the photovoltaic modules

The solar irradiation Esol on the photovoltaic modules is calculated by Formula (63):
Esol = Esol;hor . ftlt [kWh/(m2.year)] (63)

where
Esol;hor is the annual global solar irradiation: solar irradiation on a horizontal surface in a
geographic region [kWh/m2].
Values shall be given in a national annex. For informative values, see C.1, Table C.1;
ftlt is the tilt and orientation conversion factor [-] for calculation of the solar irradiation on
the photovoltaic module surface, Values shall be given in a national annex. For
informative values, see C.2, Table C.2.
6.2.2.6 Peak power

8
The peak power Ppk is obtained under standard test conditions (reference testing values of cell

-0
12
temperature ϑ = 25 °C, in plane irradiance Iref = 1 kW/m2, air mass solar reference spectrum AM = 1,5).

6-
If Ppk is not available, it can be calculated by Formula (64):

2 01
Ppk = Kpk . A [kW] (64)
st
m
where
ko
en

Kpk is the peak power coefficient [kW/m2] depending on the conversion efficiency of the
je

photovoltaic module and on the type of its building integration. Values shall be given in a
bi
ie

national annex. For informative values, see C.3, Table C.3.


at
m

A is the total area [m2] of all photovoltaic modules (without frame and air gaps between
r

modules).
fo
in

6.2.2.7 System performance factor


de
or

The system performance factor fperf takes into account the system performance of the photovoltaic
vo

installation depending on:


T
EP

— conversion system from direct current to alternating current;


C
N

— actual operation temperature of the photovoltaic modules;


O
C

— building integration of the photovoltaic modules.

Distinction between different types of installation could be according to the type of ventilation of the
photovoltaic modules.
Values for the system performance factor fperf shall be given in a national annex. For informative values,
see C.4, Table C.4.
6.2.2.8 Thermal output of the photovoltaic panel

No thermal output is taken into account.


Qpv;gen;out = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

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6.2.2.9 Auxiliary energy consumption

Auxiliary energy consumption is taken into account by considering only the net power production (the
total power production minus all auxiliary energy consumption inside the sub-system boundaries), thus
auxiliary energy consumption of PV panel array is considered equal to 0.
Wpv;gen;aux = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

6.2.2.10 System thermal losses

System thermaI losses are not taken into account.


Qpv;gen;ls = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

8
6.2.2.11 Recoverable system thermal losses

-0
12
No losses are recoverable for space heating needs.

6-
01
Qpv;gen;ls;rbl = 0

2
NOTE
st
This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
m
ko

6.2.3 Method 5 - photovoltaic – monthly method


en
je

6.2.3.1 General
bi
ie
at

This monthly method needs monthly inputs for solar irradiation of the site of the building.
rm

6.2.3.2 Output data of method 5


fo
in
de

Table 22 — Output data of the method 5


or

Description Symbol Unit Intended


vo

destination
T

module
EP
C

Electrical energy delivered by the


Eel;pv;out,m
N

kWh M3–1
photovoltaic system
O
C

Thermal output of the photovoltaic


Qpv;gen;out,m kWh M3–1
system
System thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls,m kWh M3–1
Recoverable system thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls;rbl,m kWh M3–1
Auxiliary energy consumption Wpv;gen;aux,m kWh M3–1

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6.2.3.3 Input data

Table 23 — Input data

Description Symbol Unit Origin


module
Global solar irradiation: solar
Esol;hor,m kWh/m2 M1–13
irradiation on a horizontal surface
Tilt and orientation factor ftlt,m - M1–13
System performance factor fperf - M1–13
Peak power coefficient Kpk kW/m2 M1–13

6.2.3.4 Product data

8
-0
Table 24 — Product data

12
6-
Characteristics Symbol Catalogue Compute Validity Ref. Varyin

01
unit d interval g

2
Unit
st
m
total area of PV modules
ko

A m2 m2 [1:+∞] NO
en

(without frame)
je

α
bi

azimuth angle of PV modules ° ° [0:360] NO


ie

β
at

tilt angle of the PV modules ° ° [0:90] NO


r m
fo

6.2.3.5 Energy delivered by the photovoltaic system


in
de

Electricity produced by the photovoltaic system Eel;pv;out,m is calculated by Formula (65):


or

Eel;pv;out,m = Esol,m . Ppk . fperf / Iref [kWh] (65)


vo
T

where
EP
C

Esol,m is the solar irradiation on the photovoltaic system during the month m [kWh/(m2.month)];
N
O

Ppk is the peak power [kW]; represents the electrical power of a photovoltaic system with a
C

given area and for a solar irradiance of 1 kW/m2 on this surface (at 25 °C);
fperf is the system performance factor [-];
Iref is the reference solar irradiance equal to 1 kW/m2.

NOTE 1 These values of Eel;pv;out,m are input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1. For renewable
energy produced on the building site, no energy input is taken into account.

Epv;gen;in,m = 0
NOTE 2 This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

NOTE 3 prEN ISO 52000-1 specifies that for active solar systems, the incident solar radiation on the solar
panels is not part of the energy balance. Only the energy delivered by the generation device is taken into account
in the energy balance.

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6.2.3.6 Solar irradiation on the photovoltaic modules

The solar irradiation Esol,m on the photovoltaic modules is calculated by Formula (66):
Esol,m = Esol;hor,m . ftlt,m [kWh/(m2.month)] (66)

where
Esol;hor,m is the monthly global solar irradiation: solar irradiation on a horizontal surface, in a
geographic region during the month m [kWh/m2].
Values shall be given in a national annex.
ftlt,m is the tilt and orientation conversion factor [-] for the considered month, for calculation
of the solar irradiation on the photovoltaic module surface.
NOTE Tables of monthly values are needed to take into account the average angles for the considered site
and the specific tilt and orientation of the modules.

8
These tables are obtained, for each month, by integration of the incidence angles of solar direct

-0
irradiance on the module plane for some values of tilts and orientations.

12
6-
To be consistent with the previous annual method, the tables should provide the values, for different

01
representative latitudes for the country, of the factor ftlt to convert the solar radiation received on a

2
horizontal plane to that received by a surface of specific tilt and orientation.
st
m
The tilt angles to consider are at least: 0°; 30°; 45°; 60°; 90°.
ko
en

The orientations to consider are at least: W; SW; S; SE; E, 90°; 45°; 0°; −45°; −90°.
je

6.2.3.7 Peak power


bi
ie
at

The peak power Ppk is obtained under standard test conditions (reference testing values of cell
m

temperature ϑ = 25 °C, in plane irradiance Iref = 1 kW/m2, air mass solar reference spectrum AM = 1,5).
r
fo
in

If Ppk is not available, it can be calculated by Formula (67):


de

Ppk = Kpk . A [kW] (67)


or
vo

where
T
EP

Kpk is the peak power coefficient [kW/m2] depending on the conversion efficiency of the
C

photovoltaic module and on the type of its building integration. Values shall be given in a
N

national annex.
O
C

A is the total area [m2] of all photovoltaic modules (without frame and air gaps between
modules).
6.2.3.8 System performance factor

The system performance factor fperf takes into account the system performance of the photovoltaic
installation depending on:
— conversion system from direct current to alternating current;

— actual operation temperature of the photovoltaic modules;

— building integration of the photovoltaic modules.

Distinction between different types of building integration could be according to the type of ventilation
of the photovoltaic modules.

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Values for the system performance factor fperf shall be given in a national annex. For informative values,
see C.4, Table C.4.
6.2.3.9 Thermal output of the photovoltaic panel

No thermal output is taken into account.


Qpv;gen;out,m = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

6.2.3.10 Auxiliary energy consumption

Auxiliary energy consumption is taken into account by applying only the net power production (the
total power production minus all auxiliary energy consumption inside the sub-system boundaries).
Wpv;gen;aux,m = 0

8
NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

-0
12
6.2.3.11 System thermal losses

6-
01
System thermaI losses are not taken into account.

2
st
Qpv;gen;ls,m = 0 m
ko

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
en
je

6.2.3.12 Recoverable system thermal losses


bi
ie
at

No losses are recoverable for space heating needs.


m

Qpv;gen;ls;rbl,m = 0
r
fo
in

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
de
or

6.2.4 Method 6 - photovoltaic – hourly method


vo

6.2.4.1 General
T
EP
C

An hourly method provides hourly values of electricity production depending of hourly climatic data
N

and allows an energy balance at each time-step and hour.


O
C

6.2.4.2 Output data

The output data of this method are listed in Table 25.

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Table 25 — Output data of the method 6

Description Symbol Unit Intended


destination
module
Electrical energy delivered by the Eel;pv;out,h kWh M3–1
photovoltaic system
Thermal output of the photovoltaic Qpv;gen;out,h kWh M3–1
system
System thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls,h kWh M3–1
Recoverable system thermal losses Qpv;gen;ls;rbl, kWh M3–1
h

Auxiliary energy consumption Wpv;gen;aux, kWh M3–1


h

8
-0
6.2.4.3 Calculation time steps

12
6-
The method described in this paragraph is suitable for an hourly calculation time step, but this

01
procedure could be used with the following time-steps:

2
— hourly; st
m
ko
en

— monthly;
je
bi

— yearly.
ie
at

No dynamic effect is explicitly taken into account because there are no significant time constants.
m
r
fo

6.2.4.4 Input data


in

Table 26 — Input data


de
or

Description Symbol Unit Origin


vo

module
T
EP

Global solar irradiation: solar Esol;hor kWh/m2 M1–13


C

irradiation on a horizontal surface


N

Idin
O

Normal direct solar radiation, W/m2 M1–13


C

irradiance
Isotropically diffused solar radiation, Idif W/m2 M1–13
irradiance
Direct irradiance reaching the PV Idin;pv W/m2 M1–13
Diffuse irradiance reaching the PV Idif;pv W/m2 M1–13
Reflected irradiance reaching the PV Irfl;pv W/m2 M1–13
Outside air temperature ϑe °C M1–13
Site latitude lat ° M1–13
Solar azimuth angle ψ ° M1–13
(angle of the sun in relation to south)
Apparent height of the sun γ ° M1–13
Speed of the wind at a height of 10 m Vent m/s M1–13

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6.2.4.5 Product data

Table 27 — Product data

Characteristics Symbol Catalogu Compute Validity Ref. Varyin


e unit d interval g
Unit
Number of PV modules N - - [1:+∞] NO
Total area of PV modules A m2 m2 [1:+∞] NO
(without frame)
Azimuth angle of PV α ° ° [0:360] NO
modules
Tilt angle of the PV β ° ° [0:90] NO
modules

8
-0
12
6.2.4.6 Product technical data

6-
01
Required technical data for this calculation procedure are listed in Table 28.

2
st
Table 28 — Product technical input data list m
ko

Characteristics Symbol Catalog Compute Validity Ref. Varyin


en

ue unit d interval g
je
bi

Unit
ie
at

peak power coefficient Kpk kW/m2 kW/m2 [0,04:0,2 NO


m

5]
r
fo
in

system performance factor fperf - - [0,70:1,0 NO


de

0]
or
vo

Kpk The peak power coefficient depends on the type of modules and cells. It represents the power
T

produced by the modules while receiving a solar irradiance of 1 kW/m2.


EP

Its value is determined by tests (PV cell testing – EN 61829).


C
N

fperf The system performance factor depends on the type of installation of the modules and of the degree
O
C

of thermal confinement of their rear face.


Table 29 — Operating conditions data list

Name Symbol Unit Range Origin Varying


Module
Operating conditions
Global solar irradiation: solar Esol;pv,h kWh/m2 [0…∞] M1–13 YES
irradiation on the PV modules area
Calculation interval tci h 1…8760 M1–9 YES
External temperature of the ϑe °C −50…+50 M1–13 YES
calculation interval

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6.2.4.7 Calculation procedure

6.2.4.7.1 Applicable time step

This procedure corresponds to an hourly time step.


6.2.4.7.2 Energy delivered by the photovoltaic modules

Eel;pv:out,h = Esol;pv,h . Ppk . fperf / Iref [kWh] (68)

where
Esol;pv,h is the solar irradiation on the photovoltaic system during the time step [kWh/m2];
Ppk is the peak power [kW]; represents the electrical power of a photovoltaic
system with a given area and for a solar irradiance of 1 kW/m2 on this
surface (at 25 °C);
fperf is the system performance factor [-];

8
-0
Iref is the reference solar irradiance equal to 1 kW/m2.

12
6-
The values of fperf are given in Table C.4 (Annex C).

2 01
If the photovoltaic modules are not “integrated” (rear surface free), fperf is equal to 1,0.
st
m
NOTE 1 The value of Eel;pv;out,h is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
ko
en

For renewable energy produced on the building site, no energy input is taken into account.
je

Epv;gen;in,h = 0
bi
ie
at

NOTE 2 This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
r m
fo

NOTE 3 prEN ISO 52000-1 specifies that for active solar systems, the incident solar radiation on the solar
in

panels is not part of the energy balance. Only the energy delivered by the generation device is taken into account
de

in the energy balance.


or

6.2.4.7.3 Solar irradiation on the photovoltaic modules


vo
T

The solar irradiation Esol;pv,h on the photovoltaic modules is calculated by the “solar module”.
EP
C

The “solar module” calculates at each time step, for the date and hour, for the latitude and longitude of
N

the site, for the position of the PV modules (tilt, orientation, position), the solar irradiation: Esol;pv,h on its
O
C

surface.
The “solar module” converts the values of the climatic, solar, data in the needed value of solar
irradiation on the PV modules or solar collector plane.
6.2.4.7.4 Peak power

The peak power Ppk is obtained under standard test conditions (reference testing values of cell
temperature ϑ = 25 °C, in plane irradiance Iref = 1 kW/m2, air mass solar reference spectrum AM = 1,5).
If Ppk is not available, it can be calculated by Formula (69):
Ppk = Kpk . A [kW] (69)

where
Kpk is the peak power coefficient [kW/m2] depending on the conversion efficiency of the
photovoltaic module and on the type of its building integration Values shall be given in a

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national annex. For informative values, see C.3, Table C.3.


A is the total area [m2] of all photovoltaic modules (without frame and air gaps between
modules).
NOTE It is possible to introduce a formula taking into account that the production is actually always lower
than Kpk and depends on the incidence angle of the direct solar radiation on the modules area, (the French
Thermal Regulation takes into account that non normal incidence on the modules)

6.2.4.7.5 System performance factor

The system performance factor fperf takes into account the system performance of the photovoltaic
installation depending on:
— conversion system from direct current to alternating current;

— actual operation temperature of the photovoltaic modules;

— building integration of the photovoltaic modules.

8
-0
12
Distinction between different types of building integration could be according to the type of ventilation

6-
of the photovoltaic modules,

2 01
Values for the system performance factor fperf shall be given in a national annex. For informative values,
see C.4. Table C.4.
st
m
ko
6.2.4.7.6 Thermal output of the photovoltaic panel
en
je

No thermal output is taken into account.


bi
ie

Qpv;gen;out,h = 0
at
m

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
r
fo
in

6.2.4.7.7 Auxiliary energy consumption


de
or

Auxiliary energy consumption is taken into account by applying only the net power production (the
vo

total power production minus all auxiliary energy consumption inside the sub-system boundaries).
T

Wpv;gen;aux,h = 0
EP
C

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.
N
O
C

6.2.4.7.8 System thermal losses

System thermaI losses are not taken into account.


Qpv;gen;ls,h = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

6.2.4.7.9 Recoverable system thermal losses

No losses are recoverable for space heating needs.


Qpv;gen;ls;rbl,h = 0

NOTE This value is input data for calculations according to prEN ISO 52000-1.

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7 Quality control
7.1 Solar thermal applications
7.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data

The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used, output data calculated and a
reference to the EN 12976-2 or EN 12977-2 test report.
7.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications

The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used and output data calculated.
The calculation model used shall be validated for the examples given in the accompanying Technical
Report of this standard.
7.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications

8
The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used and output data calculated.

-0
12
The calculation model used shall be validated for the examples given in the accompanying Technical

6-
Report of this standard.

01
7.2 Solar photovoltaic applications

2
st
m
7.2.1 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method
ko
en

The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used (annual solar irradiation), and the
je

tables of annual values for the two factors ftlt and fperf for the latitudes of the country and specifically for
bi

the building location.


ie
at

7.2.2 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method


rm
fo

The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used (monthly solar irradiation), and the
in

tables of monthly values for the two factors ftlt and fperf for the latitudes of the country and specifically
de

for the building location.


or
vo

A quality check of that method may consist to verify that the values for one orientation are the same
T

than those corresponding to the opposite or symmetrical orientation.


EP

Before checking each value, the sum of them shall first be the same than that of the symmetrical
C
N

orientation.
O
C

It has also to be checked that the conversion factors are determinated considering the incidence angles
of the direct radiation and of the isotropical characteristic of the diffuse radiation.
7.2.3 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method

The calculation report shall include the values of all input data used and output data calculated. The
quality control shall be made by a summation over the year of the hourly values to validate the
calculation of the electricity production and the translation of the hourly climatic data input.
A quality check of that method consists in verifying that the values for one orientation are the same
than those corresponding to the opposite or symmetrical orientation.
Before checking each value, the sum of them shall first be the same than that of the symmetrical
orientation.

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8 Compliance check
8.1 Solar thermal applications
8.1.1 Method 1 – using system test data

For a compliance check the system test results of the solar system should be available. Preferably these
inputs should be labelled on the product.
8.1.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications

For a compliance check the default component specifications can be applied. However, when the
component specifications are indicated on the product components, the compliance check will gain
accuracy.
8.1.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications

For a compliance check the default component specifications can be applied. However, when the

8
-0
component specifications are indicated on the product components, the compliance check will gain

12
accuracy.

6-
8.2 Solar photovoltaic applications

2 01
8.2.1 Method 4 – photovoltaic - yearly method
st
m
ko

For a compliance check the system test results of the photovoltaic system should be available.
en

8.2.2 Method 5 – photovoltaic - monthly method


je
bi
ie

For a compliance check the system test results of the photovoltaic system should be available.
at
m

8.2.3 Method 6 – photovoltaic - hourly method


r
fo
in

For a compliance check the system test results of the photovoltaic system should be available.
de

The values of the sums for each orientation should be compared to the global irradiation on a horizontal
or

plane, over the year, and should be in the same range or order.
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex A
(normative)

Template for the specification of application data

A.1 Method 1 – using system test data


A.1.1 Product technical data

The product technical data are determined by the annual performance calculations for the applicable
climate conditions based on a system test according to EN 12976-2 or EN 12977-2. Two sets of inputs
are required, each based on an annual calculation: one for a lower heat use for hot water production
than required and one for a higher or equal heat use than required.

8
-0
The input data correspond with the output of the method of EN 12976-2 or EN 12977-2.

12
A.1.2 System design data

6-
01
The qualitative system design data are given by

2
— SOL_TYPE Table A.8; st
m
ko

— STO_LOC as defined by string in Table A.7.


en
je

The quantified system design data are given by


bi
ie

— ƒcol as defined in A.2;


at
m

— ƒrbl as defined in A.2;


r
fo
in

— ƒbu;ins as defined in A.2;


de

— ϑi;hr as defined in A.2;


or

ϑW;hw
vo

— as defined in A.2.
T
EP

A.1.3 Operating conditions


C
N

Default values for the operating conditions are given in


O
C

— Isol;S45 A.2;
— ϑe A.2;
— QW;sol;us A.2.

A.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications


A.2.1 Product technical data

A.2.1.1 Collector

The performance of the collector shall be declared by the manufacturer according to the relevant parts
of EN ISO 9806.

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Table A.1 — Symbols in this standard and the equivalent symbols in the EN ISO 9806

Symbol Symbol Description Unit


EN ISO 9806 EN 15316–4-3
Ag Asol;mod Reference area of one collector module m2
ηo ηo Peak collector efficiency -
a1 a1 Heat loss coefficient W/(m2.K
)
a2 a2 Temperature dependence of heat loss W/(m2.K
coefficient 2)

Khem(50°) Khem(50°) Incidence angle modifier (50°) -

In case of unavailability of these specifications, the default values from Table A.2 can be used.

8
-0
Table A.2 — Default values for the collector efficiency parameters

12
6-
Symbol Unglazed Glazed Evacuated Evacuated

01
collector collector tubular collector tubular collector

2
with circular with flat
absorber st absorber
m
ko

Typical default values


en
je

ηo [-]
bi
ie

a1 [W/(m2.K
at

)]
m
r
fo

a2 [W/(m2.K
in

2)]
de

Khem(50°) [-]
or
vo

Worst case default values


T
EP

ηo [-]
C

a1 [W/(m2.K
N
O

)]
C

a2 [W/(m2.K
2)]

Khem(50°) [-]

Other values for Table A.2 can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.1.2 Collector pump

The solar pump power (= Psol;pmp) is rated as the electrical consumption under nominal operating
conditions. Start-up effects under 5 min are disregarded.
Pumps with an on / off controller are rated as power consumption of the motor of the pump.
Pumps that are controlled in at least three steps are rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the
motor of the pump.

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Pumps that are continuously controlled steps are rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the motor
of the pump. In this case the pump power can also be measured in a typical solar thermal system under
steady-state operating conditions.
In case of unavailability of this specification, the default value calculated by Formula (A.1)
Psol ;pmp = c 1 + c 2 ⋅ Asol ;mod ⋅ N col [W] (A.1)

where
c1 [W] is the factor as defined in Table A.3 Other values can be specified in a national
annex;
c2 [W/m2] is the factor as defined in Table A.3 Other values can be specified in a national
annex;
Asol;mod [m2] is the reference area of one collector module;
Ncol [-] is the number of collector modules applied.

8
-0
12
Table A.3 — Default values for the calculation of the solar pump power

6-
Symbol Value Unit

01
2
c1 [W]
st
m
c2 [W/m2]
ko
en

A.2.1.3 Heat storage


je
bi

The technical data of the heat storage shall be declared by the manufacturer according to the relevant
ie
at

parts of CEN-EN 12977-3 or CEN-EN 12977-4 (see Table A.4).


m

Table A.4 — Storage tank technical data


r
fo
in

Symbol Symbol Description Unit


de

CEN- CEN-EN 15316–


or

EN 12977–3 4-3
vo
T

Vn Vsto;tot Nominal volume l


EP

Vsto;bu Back up designated part of the storage l


C
N
O

(UA)sb,s,a Hsto;ls;tot Stand-by heat losses W/K


C

(Ust);hx Usto;hx The heat exchanger heat transfer value in the W/K
collector loop

If a separate tank(s) for the solar heat storage and the back-up heat storage is applied, the tank for back
up heat storage is assumed to be part of the back-up heater and is not taken into account in the solar
thermal method. In this case Vsto;bu = 0.
If more than one tank is applied, same the service(s), the sum of the values in Table A.4 for each tank is
used.
In case of the application of two tanks, one for the water heating service and one for the space heating
service, the calculations in 6.1.2.5.2 and 6.1.2.5.3 are applied following Table A.5.

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Table A.5 — Input for the method in case of separate tanks

Symbol Unit Description


Vs;sto;tot [l] the total volume of the storage tank for the water heating service (6.1.2.5.2) or
space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Vs;sto;bu [l] the volume of the part of the storage tank designated for back-up heating for the
water heating service (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Hs;sto;ls [W/K The heat loss coefficient of the storage tank for the water heating service
] (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Hs;sto;hx [W/K The heat exchanger heat transfer value of the storage tank for the water heating
] service (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).

In case of unavailability of the tank heat loss coefficient, the default value can be calculated by

8
Typical Worst case

-0
12
16,66 + 8,33⋅V sto;tot 0,4 26 + 13,66 ⋅V sto;tot 0,4 W/K (A.2)

6-
H sto;ls = H sto;ls =

01
45 45

2
Other values can be specified in a national annex.
st
m
In case of unavailability of the heat exchanger heat transfer value, the default value can be calculated by
ko
en

H sto;hx =
c 1 ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col W/K (A.3)
je
bi
ie

where
at
m

c1 [W/(K*m2)] is the factor as defined in Table A.6;


r
fo

Other values can be specified in a national annex.


in
de

Asol;mod [m2] collector reference area of one collector module;


or

Ncol [-] number of applied collector modules.


vo
T

Table A.6 — Default values for the calculation of the heat exchanger heat transfer rate
EP
C

Symbol Value typical Value worst Unit


N

case case
O
C

c1 W/(K*m2
)

A.2.2 System design data

A.2.2.1 Type of service

This identifier is declared by the supplier and indicates the type of service the solar system is
performing.
Identifier code: SOL_USE

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Table A.7 — Identifier for type of service

Code Meaning
SHS Space heating
WHS Water heating
COMBI Space and water heating

A.2.2.2 Location of heat storage tank

This identifier indicates the location of the heat storage tank.


Identifier code: STO_LOC
Table A.8 — Identifier for location of the storage tank

Code Meaning

8
-0
12
HS Heated space

6-
NHS Not heated space

2 01
OUT Outside the building

st
m
A.2.2.3 Type solar system layout
ko
en

This identifier is declared by the supplier and indicates the type of solar system layout.
je
bi

Identifier code: SOL_TYPE


ie
at

Table A.9 — Identifier for type of solar system layout


rm
fo

Code Meaning
in
de

SER An external back up heater is applied in series with the solar


or

system
vo

(preheater or solar-only)
T
EP

PAR Part of the storage tank is designated for back-up heating


C

(solar-plus-supplementary)
N
O
C

A.2.2.4 Correction factor collector orientation and shadowing

The factor describing the effect of the collector orientation on the system performance is given in
Table A.10.
Table A.10 — Default correction factors for the collector orientation and shadowing

Description ƒcol
Collectors facing between southeast and southwest and angled in the
range of –latitude −20° to latitude +5° from the horizontal and not
shadowed by obstacles
Other cases, provided that the collectors are facing between east –
through south – west and the average height of obstacles on the
horizon is less than 20°
Other cases

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Other values for ƒcol can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.2.5 Collector loop overall heat loss coefficient

If details of the collector loop characteristics are known, the heat loss coefficient of the piping in the
collector loop is calculated as the total heat losses of the distinguishable pipe segments in the collector
loop.
n
H loop;p
= ∑Li ⋅ H pipe,i [W/K] (A.4)
i =1

where
Li [m] is the length of the pipe segment,
Hpipe;i [W/(K.m)] is the heat loss coefficient of the pipe segment.

8
If the collector loop characteristics are not known, the heat loss coefficient of the piping in de the

-0
collector loop is calculated by

12
6-
H loop;p = c 1 + c 2 ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col [W/K] (A.5)

01
2
where
st
m
c1 [W/K] Factor as defined in Table A.10;
ko
en

c2 [W/(K.m2)] Factor as defined in Table A.10.


je
bi

Table A.11 — Default values for the calculation of the collector loop heat losses
ie
at

Symbo Value Unit


rm

l typical
fo
in

c1 W/K
de

c2
or

W/(K.m
vo

2)
T
EP

A.2.2.6 Efficiency of the collector loop


C
N
O

If the heat exchanger heat transfer value is known, the collector loop efficiency is calculated by
C

η o ⋅ Asol ⋅ a1
η loop= 1 − [-] (A.6)
H s;sto;hx

where
ηo [-] peak collector efficiency;
a1 [W/(m2*K)] first order collector heat loss coefficient;
Hs;sto;hx [W/K] collector loop heat exchanger heat transfer value for one service.

In cases of unavailability of one of the parameters in (67), the default values from Table A.12 can be
used.

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Table A.12 — Default values for the collector loop efficiency

Symbol Typical Worst case Unit


value value
ηloop -

Other values for ηloop can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.2.7 Collector pump operation time

Default values for the collector pump operation time are given in Table A.13.
Table A.13 — Default values for the collector pump operation time

Description taux;an Unit


for systems designed for the water heating service or for both h

8
water and space heating service (SOL_USE = WHS or

-0
12
SOL_USE = COMBI)

6-
For systems designed for the space heating service only h

01
(SOL_USE = SHS)

2
st
m
Other values for taux;an can be specified in a national annex.
ko
en

The monthly operation time is determined by distribution of the annual operation time corresponding
je

to the monthly distribution of the solar irradiance. For space heating the distribution is limited to the
bi

month with space heating use.


ie
at

A.2.2.8 Pipe insulation back up heater loop


rm
fo

For the calculation of the heat losses of the back up heater loop the default values of Table A.14 are
in

used.
de

Table A.14 — Default values for the calculation of the heat losses of the back up heating loop
or
vo

Description ƒbu;ins Unit


T
EP

If insulation is applied -
C
N

If no insulation is -
O
C

applied

Other values for ƒbu;ins can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.2.9 Back up heater operation

Default values for the factor describing the effect of the back-up heater control are given in Table A.15.

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Table A.15 — Default values for the parameter describing the effect of the back-up heater
control

Description ƒbu Unit


If the back up heater is permanently powered -
If the back up heater operation is limited to -
nights
If the back up heater is only used for -
emergency use

Other values for ƒbu can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.2.10 Space heating distribution return Heat storage

Default values for the space heating return temperature are given in Table A.16.

8
-0
Table A.16 — Default values for the space heating return temperature

12
6-
Description ϑH;dis;rtn Unit

2 01
If low temperature heat emitters are applied °C
st
m
If medium temperature heat emitters are °C
ko

applied
en
je

If high temperature heat emitters are °C


bi

applied
ie
at
m

Other values for ϑH;dis;rtn can be specified in a national annex.


r
fo

A.2.2.11 Recoverable part of the heat losses


in
de

The factor describing the recoverable part of the system heat losses is given in Table A.17.
or
vo

Table A.17 — Default values for the calculation of the recoverable part of the system heat losses
T
EP

Description ƒrbl Unit


C

If the heat storage


N

is in a heated space -
O

(STO_LOC = HS)
C

If the heat storage is in a not heated space -


(STO_LOC = NHS)
If the heat storage is outside the building -
(STO_LOC = OUT)

Other values for ƒrbl can be specified in a national annex.

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A.2.2.12 Correlation factors

The correlation factors used in the calculations are given in Table A.18.
Table A.18 — Correlation factors

Type of heat storage system


Water storage Direct solar floor
Factor (the collector is (the collector is directly
connected to the storage connected to the heating
tank) floor)
a 1,029 0,863
b −0,065 −0,147
c −0,245 −0,263

8
-0
d 0,0018 0,008

12
e 0,0215 0,029

6-
01
f 0 0,025

2
st
m
A.2.2.13 Correction factor
ko
en

The default value for the correction factor is given in Table A.19.
je
bi

Table A.19 — Default value for the correction factor


ie
at

Symbol Value Unit


r m
fo

fapp -
in
de

Other values for fapp can be specified in a national annex.


or
vo

A.2.2.14 Air temperature heated room


T
EP

The default value for the air temperature in a heated room is given in Table A.20.
C

Table A.20 — Default value for the air temperature in a heated room
N
O
C

Symbol Value Unit


ϑi;hr °C

Other values for ϑi;hr can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.2.15 Domestic hot water temperature

The default value for the domestic hot water temperature is given in Table A.21.
Table A.21 — Default value for the domestic hot water temperature

Symbol Value Unit


ϑW;hw °C

Other values for ϑW;hw can be specified in a national annex.

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Note allowing for a lower than 60 °C temperature in a water storage type may conflict with requirements
from Legionella safety.

A.2.3 Operating conditions

A.2.3.1 Solar irradiance

Default values for the solar irradiance on a south orientated plane with a tilt angle of 45° (=Isol;s45,m) is
given in Table A.22.
Table A.22 — Monthly average solar irradiance on a flat plane facing south with a tilt angle of
45° (Isol;s45,m) for different European climates and locations in W/m2

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

8
-0
12
6-
01
2
st
m
ko
en
je
bi
ie
at

Other values for Isol;s45,m can be specified in a national annex.


m
r

A.2.3.2 Cold water and outside air temperature


fo
in

The annual cold water temperature (= ϑW;cw,m) and monthly outside air temperatures (= ϑe,m) are given
de

in Table A.23.
or
vo

Table A.23 — Annual average cold water supply temperature and monthly outside air
T

temperatures for different European climates and locations


EP
C

ϑW;cw ϑe,m [°C]


N
O

;an
C

[°C]
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

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In case of unavailability of the cold water temperature for the location, the default value is
ϑW;cw,m = 10 °C

Other values for ϑW;cw;m and ϑe;m can be specified in a national annex.
A.2.3.3 Heat use for water heating

The monthly heat use for water heating is calculated by:


Q W;sol;us,m = N m ⋅0,6 ⋅ Q W;sol;us,d [kWh/month] (A.7)

where
Nm [-] is the days of the month;
QW;sol;us,d [kWh/day] is the daily heat use according to Table A.24.
Table A.24 — Heat use for a typical day and the monthly heat use for solar water heating for each

8
-0
load profile in kWh

12
6-
Load QW;sol; QW;sol;us,m in kWh

01
Profile us,d

2
:
st
kWh Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
m Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
ko
S 2,10 39,0 35,2 39,0 37,8 39,0 37,8 39,0 39,0 37,8 39,0 37,8 39,0
en

6 8 6 0 6 0 6 6 0 6 0 6
je

M 5,85 108, 98,2 108, 105, 108, 105, 108, 108, 105, 108, 105, 108,
bi
ie

7 7 2 7 2 7 7 2 7 2 7
at
m

L 11,66 216, 195, 216, 209, 216, 209, 216, 216, 209, 216, 209, 216,
r
fo

8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
in

XL 19,07 354, 320, 354, 343, 354, 343, 354, 354, 343, 354, 343, 354,
de

7 4 7 3 7 3 7 7 3 7 3 7
or
vo

XXL 24,53 456, 412, 456, 441, 456, 441, 456, 456, 441, 456, 441, 456,
T

3 1 3 5 3 5 3 3 5 3 5 3
EP
C

Other values for QW;sol;us can be specified in a national annex.


N
O

A.2.3.4 Design temperature settings


C

The default values for the temperature settings are given in Table A.25.
Table A.25 — Default values for temperature settings

Symbol Value Unit Description


ϑW;srv °C Service temperature of the hot water (after mixing with cold
water)
ϑW;hw °C Hot water temperature
ϑW;bu;set °C Thermostat setting back up heating designated part of the heat
storage for the water heating service,
ϑH;bu;set °C Thermostat setting back up heating designated part of the heat
storage for the space heating service,

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Other values can be specified in a national annex.


A.2.3.5 Back-up heaters

In case of a solar thermal system with a combination heat storage, for both solar heat and back-up heat,
the back heater is defined as the heat generator only, The performance of heat storage connected to the
back-up heater is taken into account by the solar thermal method, In this case the following applies,
— The method output for the back-up heat needed for water heating (=QW;bu) and space heating
(=QH;bu) should be considered as generated in the same operating mode of the heater, That is, the
operating mode for the heating of a heat storage tank;

— The back-up heater heat losses should be limited to the heat generator, The heat losses of the back-
up heating part of the combination storage are taken into account by the solar thermal method.

A.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications

8
A.3.1 Product technical data

-0
12
Table A.26 — Product technical data

6-
01
Characteristic Symbol Catalogue Compute Validity Ref. Varyin

2
unit d unit interval g
st
m
ko
Collector module reference Asol;mod m2 >0 Annex A.3 NO
en

area
je

Peak collector efficiency ηo - ≤1 Annex A.3 NO


bi
ie

First order heat loss a1 W/(m2.K) ≥ 0, ≤ 10 Annex A.3 NO


at
m

coefficient 0
r
fo

second order heat loss a2 W/(m2.K2) ≥ 0, ≤ 10 Annex A.3 NO


in

coefficient
de
or

Hemispherical incidence Khem(50°) - ≥0 Annex A.3 NO


vo

angle modifier
T

Mass flow rate collector ṁcol;h


EP

kg/(s.m2) ≥0 Annex A.3 NO


loop per m2
C
N

Psol;pmp
O

Power of collector pump W ≥0 Annex A.3 NO


C

Power of collector pump Psol;ctr W ≥0 Annex A.3 NO


controller

A.3.1.1 Collector

See A.1.2.
A.3.1.2 Collector pump and control

See A.1.2 for the collector pump.


In cases of unavailability, the power consumption of the collector pump control can be calculated by
Psol;ctr= c 1 ⋅ Asol [W] (A.8)

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where
c1 [-] is given in Table A.27. Other values can be specified in a national annex.
Asol [m2] is the applied collector reference area.
Table A.27 — Default value for the calculation of the power consumption of the collector pump
control

Symbol Value Unit


c1 -

A.3.2 System design data

A.3.2.1 Collector tilt and orientation

The collector tilt angle is defined by

8
-0
αsol;tilt = 0° horizontal,

12
6-
αsol;tilt = 90° vertical,

2 01
st
or any value within these intervals. m
The collector orientation is defined by
ko
en

αsol;ori = 0° facing south,


je
bi

αsol;ori = 90° facing west,


ie
at
m

αsol;ori = 180° facing north,


r
fo
in

αsol;ori = 270° facing east,


de

or any value within these intervals.


or
vo

A.3.2.2 Installed collector area


T
EP

The installed solar collector area is calculated by


C
N

Asol Asol;mod ⋅N col


= [m2] (A.9)
O
C

where
Asol;mod [m2] is the collector reference area of one collector module;
Ncol [-] is the number of collectors applied.
For onsite constructed collectors Asol is the total reference area of the collector field.
A.3.2.3 Solar loop mass flow rate

The mass flow in the collector loop is calculated by


 col =
m Φ col ⋅ Asol [kg/s] (A.10)

Where
Φsol [kg/(s*m2)] is the mass flow rate during the collector test;

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Asol [m2] is the installed collector area.

A.3.2.4 Location of the collector loop piping

This identifier is declared and indicates the location of the main part of the collector loop piping.
Identifier code: SOL_LOC
Table A.28 — Identifier for location of collector loop

Code Meaning
HS heated space
NHS not heated space
OUT Outside the building

8
A.3.2.5 Heat losses of the collector loop

-0
12
See A.2.

6-
01
A.3.3 Calculations

2
st
The number of iterations in the calculation is pre-set at four.
m
ko

Optionally other finalization criteria can be applied, such as a minimum change rate of Qsol;loop;out
en

between two iteration steps. At least two iteration steps shall be applied.
je
bi
ie
at
rm
fo
in
de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex B
(informative)

Default application data

B.1 Method 1 – using system test data


B.1.1 Product technical data

The product technical data are determined by the annual performance calculations for the applicable
climate conditions based on a system test according to EN 12976-2 or EN 12977-2. Two sets of inputs
are required, each based on an annual calculation: one for a lower heat use for hot water production
than required and one for a higher or equal heat use than required.

8
-0
The input data correspond with the output of the method of EN 12976-2 or EN 12977-2.

12
B.1.2 System design data

6-
01
The qualitative system design data are given by

2
— SOL_TYPE Table B.8; st
m
ko

— STO_LOC as defined by string in Table B.7.


en

The quantified system design data are given by


je
bi
ie

— ƒcol as defined in B.2.2;


at
m

— ƒrbl as defined in B.2.2;


r
fo

— ƒbu;ins as defined in B.2.2;


in
de

— ϑi;hr as defined in B.2.2;


or

— ϑW;hw as defined in B.2.2.


vo
T

B.1.3 Operating conditions


EP
C

Default values for the operating conditions are given in


N
O
C

— Isol;S45 B.2.3;
— ϑe B.2.3;
— QW;sol;us B.2.3.

B.2 Method 2 – monthly, using component specifications


B.2.1 Product technical data

B.2.1.1 Collector

The performance of the collector shall be declared by the manufacturer according to the relevant parts
of -EN ISO 9806.

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Table B.1 — Symbols in this standard and the equivalent symbols in the EN ISO 9806

Symbol Symbol Description Unit


EN ISO 9806 EN 15316–4-3
Ag Asol;mod Reference area of one collector module m2
ηo ηo Peak collector efficiency -
a1 a1 Heat loss coefficient W/(m2.K)
a2 a2 Temperature dependence of heat loss W/(m2.K2)
coefficient
Khem(50°) Khem(50°) Incidence angle modifier (50°) -

In case of unavailability of these specifications, the default values from Table B.2 can be used.
Table B.2 — Default values for the collector efficiency parameters

8
-0
12
Symbol Unglazed Glazed Evacuated Evacuated

6-
collector collector tubular collector tubular

01
with circular collector with

2
absorber flat absorber
st
m
Typical default values
ko
en

ηo 0,8 0,8 0,8 0,8 [-]


je
bi

a1 15,0 3,5 1,8 1,8 [W/(m2.K)]


ie
at

a2 0 0 0 0 [W/(m2.K2)]
rm

Khem(50°) 1,00 0,94 1,00 0,97 [-]


fo
in

Worst case default values


de

ηo 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 [-]


or
vo

a1 20,0 6,0 3,0 [W/(m2.K)]


T
EP

a2 0 0 0 0 [W/(m2.K2)]
C

Khem(50°)
N

0,85 0,85 0,85 0,85 [-]


O
C

Other values for Table B.2 can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.1.2 Collector pump

The solar pump power (= Psol;pmp) is rated as the electrical consumption under nominal operating
conditions. Start-up effects under 5 min are disregarded.
Pumps with an on / off controller are rated as power consumption of the motor of the pump.
Pumps that are controlled in at least three steps are rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the
motor of the pump.
Pumps that are continuously controlled steps are rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the motor
of the pump. In this case the pump power can also be measured in a typical solar thermal system under
steady-state operating conditions.
In case of unavailability of this specification, the default value calculated by Formula (B.1)

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Psol ;pmp = c 1 + c 2 ⋅ Asol ;mod ⋅ N col [W] (B.1)

where
c1 [W] is the factor as defined in Table A.3 Other values can be specified in a national
annex;
c2 [W/m2] is the factor as defined in Table A.3 Other values can be specified in a national
annex;
Asol;mod [m2] is the reference area of one collector module;
Ncol [-] is the number of collector modules applied.

Table B.3 — Default values for the calculation of the solar pump power

Symbol Value Unit

8
c1 25 [W]

-0
12
c2 2 [W/m2]

6-
01
B.2.1.3 Heat storage

2
st
m
The technical data of the heat storage shall be declared by the manufacturer according to the relevant
ko

parts of EN 12977-3 or EN 12977-4 (see Table B.4).


en
je

Table B.4 — Storage tank technical data


bi
ie

Symbol Symbol Description Unit


at
m

EN 12977–3 EN 15316–4-3
r
fo

Vn Vsto;tot Nominal volume l


in
de

Vsto;bu Back up designated part of the storage l


or

(UA)sb,s,a Hsto;ls;tot Stand-by heat losses W/K


vo
T

(Ust);hx Usto;hx The heat exchanger heat transfer value in the W/K
EP

collector loop
C
N
O

If a separate tank(s) for the solar heat storage and the back-up heat storage is applied, the tank for back
C

up heat storage is assumed to be part of the back-up heater and is not taken into account in the solar
thermal method. In this case Vsto;bu = 0.
If more than one tank is applied, same the service(s), the sum of the values in Table B.4 for each tank is
used.
In case of the application of two tanks, one for the water heating service and one for the space heating
service, the calculations in 6.1.2.5.2 and 6.1.2.5.3 are applied following Table B.5.

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Table B.5 — Input for the method in case of separate tanks

Symbol Unit Description


Vs;sto;tot [l] the total volume of the storage tank for the water heating service (6.1.2.5.2) or
space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Vs;sto;bu [l] the volume of the part of the storage tank designated for back-up heating for the
water heating service (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Hs;sto;ls [W/K The heat loss coefficient of the storage tank for the water heating service
] (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).
Hs;sto;hx [W/K The heat exchanger heat transfer value of the storage tank for the water heating
] service (6.1.2.5.2) or space heating service (6.1.2.5.3).

In case of unavailability of the tank heat loss coefficient, the default value can be calculated by

8
Typical Worst case

-0
12
16,66 + 8,33⋅V sto;tot 0,4 26 + 13,66 ⋅V sto;tot 0,4 W/K (B.2)

6-
H sto;ls = H sto;ls =

01
45 45

2
Other values can be specified in a national annex.
st
m
In case of unavailability of the heat exchanger heat transfer value, the default value can be calculated by
ko
en

H sto;hx =
c 1 ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col W/K (B.3)
je
bi
ie

where
at
m

c1 [W/(K*m2)] is the factor as defined in Table B.6;


r
fo

Other values can be specified in a national annex.


in
de

Asol;mod [m2] collector reference area of one collector module;


or

Ncol [-] number of applied collector modules.


vo
T

Table B.6 — Default values for the calculation of the heat exchanger heat transfer rate
EP
C

Symbol Value typical Value worst Unit


N

case case
O
C

c1 100 20 W/(K*m2
)

B.2.2 System design data

B.2.2.1 Type of service

This identifier is declared by the supplier and indicates the type of service the solar system is
performing.
Identifier code: SOL_USE

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Table B.7 — Identifier for type of service

Code Meaning
SHS Space heating
WHS Water heating
COMBI Space and water heating

B.2.2.2 Location of heat storage tank

This identifier indicates the location of the heat storage tank.


Identifier code: STO_LOC
Table B.8 — Identifier for location of the storage tank

Code Meaning

8
-0
HS Heated space

12
6-
NHS Not heated space

01
OUT Outside the building

2
st
m
B.2.2.3 Type solar system layout
ko
en

This identifier is declared by the supplier and indicates the type of solar system layout.
je
bi

Identifier code: SOL_TYPE


ie
at

Table B.9 — Identifier for type of solar system layout


rm
fo

Code Meaning
in
de

SER An external back up heater is applied in series with the solar


system
or
vo

(preheater or solar-only)
T

PAR Part of the storage tank is designated for back-up heating


EP

(solar-plus-supplementary)
C
N
O

B.2.2.4 Correction factor collector orientation and shadowing


C

The factor describing the effect of the collector orientation on the system performance is given in
Table B.10.
Table B.10 — Default correction factors for the collector orientation and shadowing

Description ƒcol
Collectors facing between southeast and southwest and angled in the 1,0
range of –latitude −20° to latitude +5° from the horizontal and not
shadowed by obstacles
Other cases, provided that the collectors are facing between east – 0,8
through south – west and the average height of obstacles on the
horizon is less than 20°
Other cases 0,0

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Other values for ƒcol can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.2.5 Collector loop overall heat loss coefficient

If details of the collector loop characteristics are known, the heat loss coefficient of the piping in the
collector loop is calculated as the total heat losses of the distinguishable pipe segments in the collector
loop.
n
H loop;p
= ∑Li ⋅ H pipe,i [W/K] (B.4)
i =1

where
Li [m] is the length of the pipe segment,
Hpipe;i [W/(K.m)] is the heat loss coefficient of the pipe segment.

8
If the collector loop characteristics are not known, the heat loss coefficient of the piping in de the

-0
12
collector loop is calculated by

6-
H loop;p = c 1 + c 2 ⋅ Asol;mod ⋅N col [W/K] (B.5)

01
2
st
where m
ko

c1 [W/K] Factor as defined in Table B.11;


en

c2 [W/(K.m2)] Factor as defined in Table B.11.


je
bi
ie

Table B.11 — Default values for the calculation of the collector loop heat losses
at
m

Symbo Value Unit


r
fo

l typical
in
de

c1 5,0 W/K
or

c2 0,5 W/(K.m
vo

2)
T
EP

B.2.2.6 Efficiency of the collector loop


C
N
O

If the heat exchanger heat transfer value is known, the collector loop efficiency is calculated by
C

η o ⋅ Asol ⋅ a1
η loop= 1 − [-] (B.6)
H s;sto;hx

where
ηo [-] peak collector efficiency;
a1 [W/(m2*K)] first order collector heat loss coefficient;
Hs;sto;hx [W/K] collector loop heat exchanger heat transfer value for one service.

In cases of unavailability of one of the parameters in (67), the default values from Table B.12 can be
used.

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Table B.12 — Default values for the collector loop efficiency

Symbol Typical Worst case Unit


value value
ηloop 0,9 0,8 -

Other values for ηloop can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.2.7 Collector pump operation time

Default values for the collector pump operation time are given in Table B.13.
Table B.13 — Default values for the collector pump operation time

Description taux;an Unit


for systems designed for the water heating service or for both 2 000 h

8
water and space heating service (SOL_USE = WHS or

-0
SOL_USE = COMBI)

12
6-
For systems designed for the space heating service only 1 500 h

01
(SOL_USE = SHS)

2
st
Other values for taux;an can be specified in a national annex.
m
ko

The monthly operation time is determined by distribution of the annual operation time corresponding
en

to the monthly distribution of the solar irradiance. For space heating the distribution is limited to the
je
bi

month with space heating use.


ie
at

B.2.2.8 Pipe insulation back up heater loop


rm
fo

For the calculation of the heat losses of the back up heater loop the default values of Table B.14 are
in

used.
de

Table B.1 — Default values for the calculation of the heat losses of the back up heating loop
or
vo

Description ƒbu;ins Unit


T
EP

If insulation is applied 0,02 -


C

If no insulation is 0,05 -
N
O

applied
C

Other values for ƒbu;ins can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.2.9 Back up heater operation

Default values for the factor describing the effect of the back-up heater control are given in Table B.15.
Table B.2 — Default values for the parameter describing the effect of the back-up heater control

Description ƒbu Unit


If the back up heater is permanently powered 1,0 -
If the back up heater operation is limited to 0,7 -
nights
If the back up heater is only used for 0,3 -
emergency use

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Other values for ƒbu can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.2.10 Space heating distribution return Heat storage

Default values for the space heating return temperature are given in Table B.16.
Table B.16 — Default values for the space heating return temperature

Description ϑH;dis;rtn Unit


If low temperature heat emitters are applied 30 °C
If medium temperature heat emitters are 45 °C
applied
If high temperature heat emitters are 60 °C
applied

Other values for ϑH;dis;rtn can be specified in a national annex.

8
-0
B.2.2.11 Recoverable part of the heat losses

12
6-
The factor describing the recoverable part of the system heat losses is given in Table B.17.

2 01
Table B.17 — Default values for the calculation of the recoverable part of the system heat losses
st
m
Description ƒrbl Unit
ko
en

If the heat storage is in a heated space 1,0 -


je

(STO_LOC = HS)
bi
ie

If the heat storage is in a not heated space 0,5 -


at

(STO_LOC = NHS)
m
r
fo

If the heat storage is outside the building 0,0 -


in

(STO_LOC = OUT)
de
or

Other values for ƒrbl can be specified in a national annex.


vo

B.2.2.12 Correlation factors


T
EP
C

The correlation factors used in the calculations are given in Table B.18.
N
O

Table B.18 — Correlation factors


C

Type of heat storage system


Water storage Direct solar floor
Factor (the collector is (the collector is directly
connected to the storage connected to the heating
tank) floor)
a 1,029 0,863
b −0,065 −0,147
c −0,245 −0,263
d 0,0018 0,008
e 0,0215 0,029
f 0 0,025

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B.2.2.13 Correction factor

The default value for the correction factor is given in Table B.19.
Table B.19 — Default value for the correction factor

Symbol Value Unit


fapp 1,08 -

Other values for fapp can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.2.14 Air temperature heated room

The default value for the air temperature in a heated room is given in Table B.20.
Table B.20 — Default value for the air temperature in a heated room

8
Symbol Value Unit

-0
12
ϑi;hr 20 °C

6-
01
Other values for ϑi;hr can be specified in a national annex.

2
B.2.2.15 Domestic hot water temperature
st
m
ko
en

The default value for the domestic hot water temperature is given in Table B.21.
je

Table B.21 — Default value for the domestic hot water temperature
bi
ie
at

Symbol Value Unit


r m

ϑW;hw 60 °C
fo
in
de

Other values for ϑW;hw can be specified in a national annex.


or

Note allowing for a lower than 60 °C temperature in a water storage type may conflict with requirements
vo

from Legionella safety.


T
EP

B.2.3 Operating conditions


C
N

B.2.3.1 Solar irradiance


O
C

Default values for the solar irradiance on a south orientated plane with a tilt angle of 45° (=Isol;s45;m) is
given in Table B.22.

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Table B.22 — Monthly average solar irradiance on a flat plane facing south with a tilt angle of
45° (Isol;s45,m) for different European climates and locations in W/m2

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Athens (GR) 150 154 164 206 220 236 250 267 252 193 142 117
Birmingham 42 67 97 154 175 175 174 164 127 80 53 32
(UK)
Carpentras (F) 141 163 208 220 234 255 270 267 238 177 138 119
Davos (CH) 173 215 251 249 231 217 229 217 208 195 153 141
Stockholm (S) 37 84 150 190 237 245 222 204 148 94 45 36
Würzburg (D) 67 108 145 184 204 209 210 200 177 121 67 53
Zürich (CH) 72 105 141 164 183 190 214 204 171 121 72 57

8
Ecodesign / 70 104 149 192 221 222 232 217 176 129 80 56

-0
12
energy label

6-
(EU)

2 01
Other values for Isol;s45,m can be specified in a national annex.
st
m
B.2.3.2 Cold water and outside air temperature
ko
en

The annual cold water temperature (= ϑW;cw;an) and monthly outside air temperatures (= ϑe,m) are given
je

in Table B.23.
bi
ie

Table B.23 — Annual average cold water supply temperature and monthly outside air
at
m

temperatures for different European climates and locations


r
fo
in

ϑW;cw ϑe,m [°C]


de

;an
[°C]
or
vo

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
T
EP

Athens (GR) 17,8 9,3 9,8 11,7 15,5 20,2 24,6 27,0 26,6 23,3 18,3 14,4 11,1
C

Birmingham (UK)
N

10,0 3,2 5,3 7,6 10,7 14,0 15,8 15,5 13,3 10,1 6,1 4,3 9,1
O
C

Carpentras (F) 13,5 5,5 5,8 9,8 11,3 15,1 18,9 22,9 21,3 18,4 13,9 8,7 5,4
Davos (CH) 5,4 −5,1 −5,0 −1,6 1,5 6,1 8,9 12,5 11,8 8,9 5,3 −0,7 −3,4
Stockholm (S) 8,5 −2,8 −3,0 0,1 4,6 10,7 15,6 17,2 16,2 11,9 7,5 2,6 −1,0
Würzburg (D) 10,0 0,6 1,1 5,6 8,3 13,3 16,7 18,3 18,3 15,0 9,4 4,4 1,7
Zürich (CH) 9,7 0,1 0,5 4,8 8,0 12,5 15,2 18,8 18,1 14,5 9,9 4,1 1,6
Ecodesign / energy label 10,0 2,8 2,6 7,4 12,2 16,3 19,8 21,0 22,0 17,0 11,9 5,6 3,2
(EU)

In case of unavailability of the cold water temperature for the location, the default value is
ϑW;cw;m = 10 °C
Other values for ϑW;cw;m and ϑe;m can be specified in a national annex.

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B.2.3.3 Heat use for water heating

The monthly heat use for water heating is calculated by:


Q W;sol;us,m = N m ⋅0,6 ⋅ Q W;sol;us;d [kWh/month] (B.7)

where
Nm [-] is the days of the month;
QW;sol;us;d [kWh/day] is the daily heat use according to Table B.24.

Table B.24 — Heat use for a typical day and the monthly heat use for solar water heating for each
load profile in kWh

Load QW;sol;u QW;sol;us;m in kWh


Profile: s;d

8
kWh Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

-0
12
S 2,10 39,06 35,28 39,06 37,80 39,06 37,80 39,06 39,06 37,80 39,06 37,80 39,06

6-
01
M 5,85 108,7 98,2 108,7 105,2 108,7 105,2 108,7 108,7 105,2 108,7 105,2 108,7

2
L 11,66 216,8 195,8 216,8 209,8 216,8 209,8 216,8 216,8 209,8 216,8 209,8 216,8
st
m
XL 19,07 354,7 320,4 354,7 343,3 354,7 343,3 354,7 354,7 343,3 354,7 343,3 354,7
ko
en

XXL 24,53 456,3 412,1 456,3 441,5 456,3 441,5 456,3 456,3 441,5 456,3 441,5 456,3
je
bi
ie

Other values for QW;sol;us can be specified in a national annex.


at
m

B.2.3.4 Design temperature settings


r
fo
in

The default values for the temperature settings are given in Table B.25.
de

Table B.25 — Default values for temperature settings


or
vo

Symbol Value Unit Description


T
EP

ϑW;srv 40 °C Service temperature of the hot water (after mixing with cold
C

water)
N
O

ϑW;hw 60 °C Hot water temperature


C

ϑW;bu;set 70 °C Thermostat setting back up heating designated part of the heat


storage for the water heating service,
ϑH;bu;set 70 °C Thermostat setting back up heating designated part of the heat
storage for the space heating service,

Other values can be specified in a national annex.


B.2.3.5 Back-up heaters

In case of a solar thermal system with a combination heat storage, for both solar heat and back-up heat,
the back heater is defined as the heat generator only, The performance of heat storage connected to the
back-up heater is taken into account by the solar thermal method, In this case the following applies,
— The method output for the back-up heat needed for water heating (=QW;bu) and space heating
(=QH;bu) should be considered as generated in the same operating mode of the heater, That is, the
operating mode for the heating of a heat storage tank;
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— The back-up heater heat losses should be limited to the heat generator, The heat losses of the back-
up heating part of the combination storage are taken into account by the solar thermal method.

B.3 Method 3 – hourly, using component specifications


B.3.1 Product technical data

Table B.26 — Product technical data

Characteristic Symbol Catalogue Compute Validity Ref. Varying


unit d unit interval
Collector module reference Asol;mod m2 >0 A.3 NO
area
Peak collector efficiency ηo - ≤1 A.3 NO
First order heat loss a1 W/(m2.K) ≥ 0, ≤ 100 A.3 NO

8
-0
coefficient

12
second order heat loss a2 W/(m2.K2) ≥ 0, ≤ 10 A.3 NO

6-
01
coefficient

2
Hemispherical incidence Khem(50°) - ≥0 A.3 NO
st
angle modifier
m
ko

Mass flow rate collector loop ṁcol;h kg/(s.m2) ≥0 A.3 NO


en

per m2
je
bi

Power of collector pump Psol;pmp W


ie

≥0 A.3 NO
at

Power of collector pump Psol;ctr


m

W ≥0 A.3 NO
r

controller
fo
in
de

B.3.1.1 Collector
or
vo

See B.2.
T

B.3.1.2 Collector pump and control


EP
C
N

See B.2 for the collector pump.


O
C

In cases of unavailability, the power consumption of the collector pump control can be calculated by
Psol;ctr= c 1 ⋅ Asol [W] (B.8)

where
c1 [-] is given in Table B.27. Other values can be specified in a national annex.
Asol [m2] is the applied collector reference area.
Table B.27 — Default value for the calculation of the power consumption of the collector pump
control

Symbol Value Unit


c1 1,0 -

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B.3.2 System design data

B.3.2.1 Collector tilt and orientation

The collector tilt angle is defined by


αsol;tilt = 0° horizontal,

αsol;tilt = 90° vertical,

or any value within these intervals.


The collector orientation is defined by
αsol;ori = 0° facing south,

αsol;ori = 90° facing west,

8
αsol;ori = 180° facing north,

-0
12
αsol;ori = 270° facing east,

6-
01
or any value within these intervals.

2
st
B.3.2.2 Installed collector area m
ko

The installed solar collector area is calculated by


en
je

Asol Asol;mod ⋅N col


= [m2] (B.9)
bi
ie
at

where
m
r
fo

Asol;mod [m2] is the collector reference area of one collector module;


in

Ncol [-] is the number of collectors applied.


de
or

For onsite constructed collectors Asol is the total reference area of the collector field.
vo

B.3.2.3 Solar loop mass flow rate


T
EP

The mass flow in the collector loop is calculated by


C
N

 col =
m Φ col ⋅ Asol
O

[kg/s] (B.10)
C

Where
Φsol [kg/(s*m2)] is the mass flow rate during the collector test;
Asol [m2] is the installed collector area.

B.3.2.4 Location of the collector loop piping

This identifier is declared and indicates the location of the main part of the collector loop piping.
Identifier code: SOL_LOC

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Table B.28 — Identifier for location of collector loop

Code Meaning
HS heated space
NHS not heated space
OUT Outside the building

B.3.2.5 Heat losses of the collector loop

See B.2.
B.3.3 Calculations

The number of iterations in the calculation is pre-set at four.


Optionally other finalization criteria can be applied, such as a minimum change rate of Qsol;loop;out

8
-0
between two iteration steps. At least two iteration steps shall be applied.

12
6-
2 01
st
m
ko
en
je
bi
ie
at
rm
fo
in
de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex C
(informative)

Solar irradiation on the photovoltaic modules

C.1 Annual global solar irradiation


Table C.1 — Informative values of annual global irradiation: solar irradiation on a horizontal
surface (see also CEN-EN ISO 15927-4)

Zone Regions Esol;hor


kWh/(m2.an)
PV1 PACA, Languedoc-Roussillon 1 500

8
-0
PV2 Rhône-Alpes, Midi-Pyrénées 1 350

12
6-
PV3 Pays de la Loire, Poitou-Charentes, Aquitaine, Limousin, 1 250

01
Auvergne

2
st
PV4 Bretagne, Basse Normandie, Centre, Bourgogne, Franche-
m 1 150
Comté
ko
en

PV5 Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Haute Normandie, Picardie, Ile-de-France, 1 050


je

Champagne-Ardenne, Lorraine, Alsace


bi
ie
at

C.2 Tilt and orientation conversion factor for calculation of the energy radiation
m

on the photovoltaic module surface


r
fo
in
de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Table C.2 — Informative values of tilt and orientation conversion factor for calculation of the
energy radiation on the photovoltaic module surface (see also CEN-EN ISO 15927-4)
Zone PV1 Orientation
West South-West South South-East East
Conversion factor ftlt
[-]
0° 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00
30° 0,93 1,09 1,15 1,09 0,93
Angle

45° 0,87 1,06 1,13 1,06 0,87


60° 0,79 0,99 1,06 0,99 0,79
90° 0,59 0,74 0,77 0,74 0,59

Zone PV2 Orientation


West South-West South South-East East
Conversion factor ftlt

8
[-]

-0
12
0° 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00

6-
30° 0,93 1,06 1,10 1,06 0,93
Angle

01
45° 0,87 1,02 1,08 1,02 0,87

2
60° 0,79 0,95 1,00 0,95 0,79
90° 0,60 0,70
st
0,71 0,70 0,60
m
ko
en

Zone PV3 Orientation


je

West South-West South South-East East


bi

Conversion factor ftlt


ie
at

[-]
m

0° 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


r
fo

30° 0,93 1,07 1,13 1,07 0,93


in
Angle

45° 0,87 1,05 1,11 1,05 0,87


de

60° 0,79 0,98 1,04 0,98 0,79


or

90° 0,60 0,73 0,76 0,73 0,60


vo
T

Zone PV4
EP

Orientation
West South-West South South-East East
C
N

Conversion factor ftlt


O

[-]
C

0° 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00


30° 0,93 1,06 1,11 1,06 0,93
Angle

45° 0,87 1,03 1,09 1,03 0,87


60° 0,79 0,96 1,02 0,96 0,79
90° 0,60 0,72 0,74 0,72 0,60

Zone PV5 Orientation


West South-West South South-East East
Conversion factor ftlt
[-]
0° 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00 1,00
30° 0,94 1,06 1,11 1,06 0,94
Angle

45° 0,88 1,03 1,08 1,03 0,88


60° 0,80 0,96 1,01 0,96 0,80
90° 0,61 0,72 0,74 0,72 0,61

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C.3 Peak power


Table C.3 — Informative values of peak power coefficient

Type of photovoltaic module Kpk


kW/m2

Mono crystalline silicon a 0,15 to 0,20

Multi crystalline silicon a 0,12 to 0,18

Thin film amorphous silicon 0,04 to 0,10


Other thin film layers 0,035
Thin film Copper-Indium-Galium- 0,105
diselenide
Thin film Cadmium-Telloride 0,095

8
-0
12
a With a minimum package density of 80 %.

6-
01
C.4 System performance factor

2
st
m
Table C.4 — Informative values of system performance factor
ko
en

Type of ventilation of the photovoltaic modules fperf


je

-
bi
ie

Unventilated modules 0,76


at
m

Moderately ventilated modules 0,80


r
fo
in

Strongly ventilated or forced ventilated modules 0,82


de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex D
(normative)

Method selection

D.1 Solar thermal applications


The standard offers calculation methods based on a monthly or an hourly time step for both solar
thermal applications and photovoltaic applications in buildings according to:
— Method 1

Time step: annual or monthly

8
Applicable for: solar thermal applications for water heating

-0
12
6-
The method is especially suitable for solar thermal systems for which the component specifications

01
cannot be determined. A system of the type Integrated Collector and Storage (= ICS) is an example

2
of that. The method can be applied for all system types that fall within the scope of EN 12976-2 or
EN 12977-2.
st
m
ko

— Method 2
en
je
bi

Time step: monthly


ie
at

Applicable for: solar thermal applications for water heating and space heating
rm
fo

The method is applicable for all solar systems for which the required component specifications can
in

be determined.
de
or

— Method 3
vo
T

Time step: hourly


EP
C

Applicable for: solar thermal applications for water heating and space heating
N
O
C

The method is applicable for all solar systems for which the required component specifications can
be determined. The output of the method is limited to the collector loop heat output. For an
evaluation of the performance of a solar thermal system, method 3 needs to be linked to EN 15316-
4-5.

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D.2 Solar photovoltaic applications


— Method 4

Time step: annual

Applicable for: photovoltaic systems

The method is that used in the previous EN 15316-4-6:2007.

— Method 5

Time step: monthly

Applicable for: photovoltaic systems

8
The method is the translation of Method 4 on a monthly basis; it needs to provide monthly tables

-0
for the factors consistent with the latitudes of the country.

12
6-
— Method 6

2 01
Time step: hourly
st
m
ko
Applicable for: photovoltaic systems
en
je

The method is applicable for all photovoltaic systems and modules.


bi
ie
at
rm
fo
in
de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex E
(informative)

Standards linked to solar systems and components

Table E.1 — Standards linked to solar thermal applications

CEN-EN ISO 7345 Thermal insulation – Physical quantities and definitions (ISO 7345:1987)
CEN-EN ISO 9488 Solar energy — Vocabulary
CEN- Solar energy — Solar thermal collectors — Test methods
EN ISO 9806:2013
CEN-EN 12976–2 Thermal solar systems and components — Factory made systems — Part 2: Test

8
methods

-0
12
CEN-EN 12977–2 Thermal solar systems and components — Custom built systems — Part 2: Test

6-
methods for solar water heaters and combisystem

2 01
CEN-EN 12977–3 Thermal solar systems and components — Custom built systems — Part 3:
st
Performance test methods for solar water heater stores
m
ko

CEN-EN 12977–4 Thermal solar systems and components — Custom built systems — Part 4:
en

Performance test methods for solar combistores


je
bi

ISO 13602-1:2002 Technical energy systems — Methods for analysis — Part 1: General
ie
at

CEN-EN ISO 15927-4 Hygrothermal performance of buildings — Calculation and presentation of


m

climatic data — Part 4: Hourly data for assessing the annual energy use for
r
fo

heating and cooling (ISO 15927-4:2005)


in
de

Table E.2 — Standards linked to photovoltaic systems


or
vo

Standard Note Title


T
EP

IEC 61173 System Overvoltage protection for photovoltaic (PV) power generating
systems — Guide
C

standard
N
O

IEC 61194 System Characteristic parameters of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) systems


C

standard
IEC 61277 System Terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) power generating systems — General
standard and guide
IEC 61683 System Photovoltaic systems — Power conditioners — Procedure for
standard measuring efficiency
IEC 61702 System Rating of direct coupled photovoltaic (PV) pumping systems
standard
IEC 61724 System Photovoltaic system performance monitoring — Guidelines for
standard measurement, data exchange and analysis
IEC 61725 System Analytical expression for daily solar profiles
standard

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Standard Note Title


IEC 61727 System Photovoltaic (PV) systems — Characteristics of the utility interface
standard
IEC 61829 System Crystalline silicon photovoltaic (PV) array — On-site measurement of
standard I-V characteristics
IEC 61836 TR2 System Solar photovoltaic energy systems — Terms and symbols
standard
IEC 61427 System Secondary cells and batteries for solar photovoltaic energy systems
standard (PVES) — General requirements and methods of test
IEC 61721 Component Susceptibility of a photovoltaic (PV) module to accidental impact
standard damage (resistance to impact test)
IEC 61701 Component Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
standard

8
-0
12
IEC 61646 Component Thin-film terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules — Design

6-
standard qualification and type approval

01
IEC 61345 Component UV test for photovoltaic (PV) modules

2
st
standard m
Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules — Design
ko
IEC 61215 Component
qualification and type approval
en

standard
je

IEC 60904–10 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 10: Methods of linearity measurement
bi
ie

standard
at
m

IEC 60904–9 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 9: Solar simulator performance


r
fo

standard requirements
in

IEC 60904–8 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 8: Measurement of spectral response of a


de

standard photovoltaic (PV) device


or
vo

IEC 60904–7 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 7: Computation of spectral mismatch


error introduced in the testing of a photovoltaic device
T

standard
EP

IEC 60904–6 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 6: Requirements for reference solar
C
N

AMD1 standard modules, Amendment 1


O
C

IEC 60904–5 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 5: Determination of the equivalent cell
standard temperature (ECT) of photovoltaic (PV) devices by the open-circuit
voltage method
IEC 60904–3 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 3: Measurement principles for terrestrial
standard photovoltaic (PV) solar devices with reference spectral irradiance
data
IEC 60904–2 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 2: Requirements for reference solar cells,
AMD1 standard Amendment 1
IEC 60904–1 Component Photovoltaic devices — Part 1: Measurement of photovoltaic current-
standard voltage characteristics
IEC 60891 Component Procedures for temperature and irradiance corrections to measured I-
AMD 1 standard V characteristics of crystalline silicon photovoltaic devices,
Amendment No, 1

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Annex F
(informative)

Method 2 implementation for Ecodesign and Energy labelling

F.1Introduction
The relationship between the Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 811/2013, 812/2013 and
814/2013 requires a specific implementation of the method 2 as described in this annex according to:
— the solar thermal performance (F.2),

— the auxiliary electricity consumption (F.3),

8
— the water heater efficiency (F.4).

-0
12
6-
The conversion of the parameters in this standard to those in the regulations is described in F.5.

2 01
F.2Prescribed settings for method 2
st
m
The performance of the system shall be calculated according to method 2 (Clause 6.1.2), limited to the
ko
en

water heating service (Clause 6.1.2.5.2) and with the parameter settings according to Table F.1.
je
bi
ie
at
rm
fo
in
de
or
vo
T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Table F.1 — Settings for method 2 for compliance with the European regulation
Reference to Parameters set at: Dimension:
standard:
Clause 6.1.2.5.2, Q x;sol;us,m = 30,5⋅0,6 ⋅ ( Q ref + 1,09 ) kWh
Table 12
where Qref is the daily heat use for the selected load
profile according to Table F.2
Clause 6.1.2.5.2, ϑx;low;m = 10 °C
Table 12
Clause 6.1.2.3.3, Isol;S45,m according to Table F.3 W/m2
Table 11
Clause 6.1.2.3.3, ϑe,m is set according to Table F.4. °C
Table 11
Clause 6.1.2.3.2 STO_LOC = “HS” or STO_LOC = “OUTSIDE”, depending

8
on the intended application of device.

-0
12
Clause 6.1.2.5.2, ƒx;use;m = 1 -

6-
Table 12

01
Clause 6.1.2.3.2 H loop;p =6 + 0,3⋅ Asol W/K

2
st
where Asol is the installed collector reference area in
m
ko
m2.
en

Clause 6.1.2.3.2 a1 -
je

η loop =1 −η o ⋅
bi

100
ie

where ηo is the peak collector efficiency (-) and a1 is


at
m

first order collector heat loss coefficient (W/(m2K).


r
fo

Annex A, fapp = 1,08 -


in

Clause A.2.2.13
de

Clause 6.1.2.5.2, ϑx;high;m = 40 °C


or

Table 12
vo

ϑx;bu;set = 60
T

Clause 6.1.2.5.2, °C
EP

Table 12
C

Clause 6.1.2.3.2 ϑi;hr = 20 °C


N
O

Clause 6.1.2.5.2, ϑW;srv = 40 °C


C

Formula (20)

Table F.2 — daily heat use for each load profile

Load profile: M L XL XXL


Qref in kWh: 5,85 11,66 19,07 24,53

Table F.3 — Monthly average solar irradiance on the collector plane for three climate zones

Month: Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average 70 104 149 192 221 222 232 217 176 129 80 56
Colder 22 75 124 192 234 237 238 181 120 64 23 13
Warmer 128 137 182 227 248 268 268 263 243 175 126 109

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Table F.4 — Monthly average outside air temperature for three climate zones

Month: Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average 2,8 2,6 7,4 12,2 16,3 19,8 21,0 22,0 17,0 11,9 5,6 3,2
Colder −3,8 −4,1 −0,6 5,2 11,0 16,5 19,3 18,4 12,8 6,7 1,2 −3,5
Warmer 9,5 10,1 11,6 15,3 21,4 26,5 28,8 27,9 23,6 19,0 14,5 10,4

F.3Calculation of auxiliary electricity consumption


The auxiliary electricity consumption (= Qaux) shall be calculated as follows:
Ppump ⋅ 2000 + Pctrl ⋅ 24 ⋅ 365
Q aux =
1 000 (F.1)

where

8
-0
12
Ppump the rated electrical power consumption of the pump in the collector loop, expressed in W;

6-
Pctrl is the rated electrical power consumption of a solar water heater or solar-only system

01
when the pump and the heat generator are inactive, expressed in W;

2
Note 1
st
The solar pump power (= Psol;pmp) is rated as the electrical consumption under nominal
m
ko
operating conditions. Start-up effects under 5 min are disregarded.
en

Pumps with an on / off controller shall be rated as the power consumption of the motor of the pump.
je
bi

Pumps that are controlled in at least three steps shall be rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the
ie

motor of the pump.


at
m

Pumps that are continuously controlled shall be rated as 50 % of the power consumption of the motor
r
fo

of the pump. In this case the pump power can also be measured in a typical solar thermal system under
in

steady-state operating conditions.


de

Note 2 The electrical power consumption of the controller can be derived from the product specifications.
or
vo

F.4Determination of the water heater performance parameters without solar


T

contribution
EP
C
N

The water heater performance parameters shall be determined by the method selected according to the
O

following scenarios:
C

1. in case of a preheater type solar device,

The backup water heater shall be tested as water heater in accordance with the appropriate test
method as defined in the regulation. The values for ηwh,nonsol, Qfuel and Qelec, and the load profile for which
these values are determined, shall be derived from that test report.
2. in case of a solar-plus-supplementary solar device with a backup heater tested as a water heater in
combination with the solar hot water storage tank,

The backup water heater in combination with the hot water storage tank shall be tested as water heater
in accordance with the appropriate test method as defined in the regulation. The values for ηwh, Qfuel and
Qelec, and the load profile for which these values are determined shall be derived from that test report.
The term QW;bu;sto;ls (Formula (32)) in method 2 of this standard shall be set to zero.

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3. in case of a solar-plus-supplementary solar device with a backup heater that was tested as a space
heater and not as a water heater in combination with the solar hot water storage tank,

a. In case of an external boiler-type backup heater: Clause F4.1 shall be applied.

b. In case of an external heat pump backup heater: Clause F4.2 shall be applied.

4. in case of a solar-plus-supplementary solar device with an integrated (backup) heater.

a. In case of an integrated fuel fired heater: Clause F.4.3 shall be applied.

b. In case of an integrated immersion electrical resistance heater: Clause F4.4 shall be applied.

F.4.1 External boiler-type backup heater

The boiler shall be tested according to the appropriate standard.

8
Based on the test result of the boiler the following calculations shall be performed.

-0
12
Q ref

6-
η wh,nonsol
= 0,95 ⋅ (F.2)
Q fuel + CC ⋅Q elec ⋅+ Q cor

2 01
  Q ref   100 st
m
Q fuel =  Q ref +  24 −  ⋅Pstby  ⋅ (F.3)
ko


  P4   η4
en
je
bi

Q elec Q elec ,On + Q elec ,Stby


= (F.4)
ie
at
m

  Q ref   1
r

t on =  Q ref +  24 −  ⋅Pstby  ⋅
fo

(F.5)
 P4  P4
in

  
de

where
or
vo

Qref [kWh] daily heat demand for hot water according to the load profiles (Table F.2),
T
EP

Qcor [kWh] daily ambient correction term,


C
N

P4 [kW] rated heat output at test point 4,


O
C

η4 [%] useful efficiency at test point 4


Pstby [kW] standby heat losses,
PSB [kW] electricity consumption in standby mode,
Qelec,on [kWh] daily electricity consumption at full load,
Q elec ,on
= t on ⋅ el max

Qelec,Stby [kWh] daily electricity consumption in standby mode,


Q elec ,Stby =(24 − t on ) ⋅ PSB
The above parameters are defined in the appropriate annexes of either CDR 811/2013 or CDR
812/2013, while the numerical values can be found in the data sheet of the boiler.
NOTE The method makes a series of simplifications. The smart control factor is not used as it does not apply
in this context. The tank losses are set to 0 as they are already considered in method 2 of this standard.

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The load profile shall be declared by the supplier.


F.4.2 External heat pump backup heater

The heat pump shall be tested according to the appropriate test method.
Based on the test result of the heat pump the following calculations shall be performed.
COPN Q ref
η wh,nonsol= 0,95⋅ f ⋅ ⋅
CC Q ref + S ⋅24h
(F.5)

The above parameters are defined in the appropriate annexes of either CDR 811/2013 or CDR
812/2013, while the numerical values can be found in the data sheet of the boiler.
The adjustment factor f shall to be chosen according to Table F.5:
Table F.5 — Adjustment factors

8
Type Outdoor air Exhaust air Brine Water

-0
12
Climate: Average Colder Warmer All All All

6-
f

01
0,919 0,840 1,059 0,888 0,931 0,914

2
This method makes a series of simplifications:
st
m
ko

— The total energy demand is provided by charging the tank at 60°C, in consequence, this method
en

does not apply to low-temperature heat pumps;


je
bi

— At least 0,25 m2 of heat exchanger surface are used per kW of thermal capacity;
ie
at
m

— The storage losses are pre-determined by standard measurement at a storage temperature of 65°C;
r
fo
in

— The smart factor is not taken into consideration;


de
or

— The approach is suitable for heat pumps with electrically driven compressors.
vo
T

The load profile to be selected shall be according to Table F.6 according to the storage capacity. The
EP

load profile to be selected is the next smaller one.


C

Table F.6 — Load profile selection


N
O
C

Profile Capacity @ 40°C Minimum volume [55°C]


L 130 87
XL 210 140
XXL 300 200

The load profile shall be declared by the supplier.


F.4.3 Integrated fuel fired heater

The water heating efficiency of the auxiliary heater, integrated in the storage tank, shall be tested as a
water heater according to an appropriate test method.
It is assumed that the effect of the storage tank heat losses of the backup heating part of the storage
tank is included in the determination of the water heating efficiency. The heat losses of the backup part
of the storage tank are included in the method 2 calculation result. To avoid double counting of these

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heat losses, the following correction of the measured water heating efficiency of the water heater is
required.
The water heater efficiency, excluding the heat losses of the auxiliary part of the tank, shall be
calculated by:
η wh,tot ⋅(Q ref + US ⋅ f aux ⋅∆T ⋅0,024)
η wh,nonsol = (F.6)
Q ref

where
ηwh,tot is the measured water heater efficiency for a load profile LP,
Qref is the daily heat demand in kWh for the load profile LP according to Table F.2,
Hsto;ls;tot is the overall heat loss coefficient of the storage tank,
faux is the auxiliary fraction of the tank, defined as the tank volume above to lowest part of

8
the auxiliary heat exchanger,

-0
12
ΔT is the temperature difference between the tank and the surrounding air in K as was

6-
applicable during the test of the water heater,

01
The ηwh,nonsol, shall maximized at a value of 1.

2
st
The daily electricity consumption (= Qelec) in kWh, without solar contribution, is set according to the test
m
ko
method for the water heater.
en

The daily fuel consumption, without solar contribution, in kWh shall be calculated according to:
je
bi

Q ref
ie

Q fuel =
at

η wh,nonsol
m

(F.7)
r
fo

F.4.4 Electrical immersion heater


in
de

The water heating efficiency of the auxiliary (backup) heater shall be set at a fixed value according to:
or
vo

η wh;nonsol = 40%
(F.8)
T
EP

The daily fuel consumption (= Qfuel) shall be set to zero.


C
N

The daily electricity consumption without solar contribution in kWh shall be calculated according to:
O
C

Q elec = Q ref
(F.9)

where
Qref is the daily heat demand in kWh according to Table F.2.
The load profile shall be declared by the supplier.
The value of 40 % reflects the average European generation efficiency referred to in Directive
2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council. If in future the Directive 2012/27/EU is
revised, the new value shall be used.

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F.5Conversion of parameters in this EN to parameters in the regulations


The regulations often refer to parameter names that are not always consistent and/or differ from the
parameter names in this standard. In the following tables the conversion rules for the parameters are
given.
Table F.7 — Parameters referred to in CDR 811/2013

Parameter in the Clauses and subclauses of this


Conversion
regulation standard
Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Asol;mod and
Annex V, 4 (f): Asol Asol Asol ;mod ⋅ N col
=
Clause 6.1.2.3.2 Ncol
Annex V, 4 (f): ηcol Clause 6.1.2.3.1: ηo, a1 and a2 η col = η o − 0,04 ⋅ a1 − 1,6 ⋅ a2

Annex V, 4 (f): S Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Hsto;ls;tot S= 45⋅H sto;ls ;tot

8
-0
Annex V, 4 (f): V Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Vsto;tot

12
Annex V, 4 (f): V Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Vsto;tot =V 0,001 ⋅ V sto;tot

6-
01
Annex V, 4 (f): Vbu Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Vsto;bu

2
st 12
m
Clause 6.1.2.1, Table 9, QW;bu;out Q nonsol = ∑QW ;bu;out ,m
ko
Annex V, 4, (f), Qnonsol
en

m=1
je

Annex V, 4, (f), solpump Annex F, Clause F.3, Ppump


bi
ie

Annex V, 4, (f), solstandby Annex F, Clause F.3, Pctrl


at
m

Annex V, 4, (f) Qaux Annex F, Clause F.3, Qaux


r
fo
in

Annex V, 2, (f), Table 7 or 8:


de

Annex F, Clause F.4


or

- declared load profile or from the product fiche of the water or


vo

combination heater
T
EP

Annex F, Clause F.4, ηwh,nonsol


C

- ηwh
N

or from the product fiche of the water or


O

combination heater
C

Annex F, Clause F.4, Qelec


- Qelec or from the product fiche of the water or
combination heater
Annex F, Clause F.4, Qfuel
- Qfuel or from the product fiche of the water or
combination heater

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Table F.8 — Parameters referred to in CDR 812/2013

Clauses and subclauses of this


Parameter in the regulation Conversion
standard
Solar water heater
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex VII, 7, (a): Qelec or from the product fiche of the water
or combination heater
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex VII, 7, (b): Load profile or from the product fiche of the water
or combination heater
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex VII, 7, (d): Qfuel or from the product fiche of the water

8
or combination heater

-0
12
Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Asol;mod and
= Asol ;mod ⋅ N col

6-
Annex VII, 7, (i): Asol
Clause 6.1.2.3.2 Ncol

2 01
Annex VII, 7, (j): ηo Clause 6.1.2.3.1: ηo
st
m
Annex VII, 7, (k): a1 Clause 6.1.2.3.1: a1
ko
en

Annex VII, 7, (l): a2 Clause 6.1.2.3.1: a2


je

Annex VII, 7, (m): IAM Clause 6.1.2.3.1: IAM


bi
ie

Annex VII, 7, (n): solpump Annex F, Clause F.3, Ppump


at
m

Annex VII, 7, (o): solstandby Annex F, Clause F.3, Pctrl


r
fo
in

Annex VIII, 2, (e): Qaux Annex F, Clause F.3


de

Annex VIII, 2, (d): ηwh,nonsol Annex F, Clause F.4, ηwh,nonsol


or
vo

12
Annex VIII, 2, (g): Qnonsol (M, L, = ∑QW ;bu;out ,m
T

Clause 6.1.2.1, Table 9, QW;bu;out


EP

XL,XXL)
m=1
C
N

Solar device
O
C

Clause 6.1.2.3.1, Asol;mod


Annex VII, 9, (a): Asol = Asol ;mod ⋅ N col
Clause 6.1.2.3.2, Ncol
Annex VII, 9, (b): ηo Clause 6.1.2.3.1, ηo
Annex VII, 9, (c): a1 Clause 6.1.2.3.1, a1
Annex VII, 9, (d): a2 Clause 6.1.2.3.1, a2
Annex VII, 9, (e): IAM Clause 6.1.2.3.1, IAM
Annex VII, 9, (f): solpump Annex F, Clause F.3, Ppump
Annex VII, 9, (g): solstandby Annex F, Clause F.3, Pctrl
Annex IV, 3, (i): Qnonsol (M, L,
Clause 6.1.2.1, Table 9, QW;bu;out
XL, XXL)
Annex IV, 3, (l): Qaux Annex F, Clause F.3,Qaux

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Table F.9 — Parameters referred to in CDR 814/2013

Parameter in the Clauses and subclauses of this


Conversion
regulation standard
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex III, 6, (a): Qelec or from the product fiche of the
water or combination heater
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex III, 6, (b): Load profile or from the product fiche of the
water or combination heater
Annex F, Clause F.4
Annex III, 6, (d): Qfuel or from the product fiche of the
water or combination heater
Clause 6.1.2.3.1 Asol;mod and

8
Annex III, 6, (l): Asol = Asol ;mod ⋅ N col

-0
Clause 6.1.2.3.2 Ncol

12
6-
Annex III, 6, (m): ηo Clause 6.1.2.3.1: ηo

01
Annex III, 6, (n): a1 Clause 6.1.2.3.1: a1

2
Annex III, 6, (o): a2 Clause 6.1.2.3.1: a2 st
m
ko

Annex III, 6, (p): IAM Clause 6.1.2.3.1: IAM


en
je

Annex III, 6, (q): solpump Annex F, Clause F.3, Ppump


bi
ie

Annex III, 6 (r): solstandby Annex F, Clause F.3, Pctrl


at
m

Clause 6.1.2.1, Table 9, QW;bu;out 12


r

∑QW ;bu;out ,m
fo

Annex IV, 2, (b), Qnonsol Settings for method 2 shall be in Q nonsol =


in

accordance with Table ZC.2 m=1


de

Annex IV, 2, (c): ηwh,nonsol Annex F, Clause F.4, ηwh,nonsol


or
vo

Annex IV, 2, (d), Qaux Annex F, Clause F.3, Qaux


T
EP
C
N
O
C

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Annex ZA
(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the energy labelling


requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 811/2013
aimed to be covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request with regard
to energy labelling of water heaters, hot water storage tanks and packages of water heater and
solar device M/535/C(2015) 2626 final’ to provide one voluntary means of conforming to the energy
labelling requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 811/2013 of 18 February 2013
supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to
energy labelling of space heaters, combination heaters, packages of space heaters, temperature control

8
-0
and solar device and packages of combination heater, temperature control and solar device.

12
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Regulation,

6-
compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

01
the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding energy labelling

2
st
requirements of that Regulation and associated EFTA Regulations.
m
Table ZA.1 —Correspondence between this European Standard and Commission Delegated
ko
en

Regulation (EC) No 811/2013 of 18 February 2013 supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the


European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of space heaters,
je
bi

combination heaters, packages of space heaters, temperature control and solar device and
ie

packages of combination heater, temperature control and solar device and Commission’s
at
m

standardization request Full reference to the request M/535/C(2015) 2626 final’


r
fo

Energy labelling
in

Clauses and subclauses


requirements of Regulation
de

Remarks/ Notes
of this EN
(EC) No 811/2013
or
vo

Solar devices
T
EP

Annex VII, point 6: Annex F, Clause F.2


C

Conditions for measurements Annex F, Clause F.3


N
O

and calculations of solar


C

devices
Annex VII, point 5: Annex F, Clause F.4 Only if no suitable product
Water heating energy fiche for the water heater is
efficiency of combination available.
heaters

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European
Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this
standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European
Union.
WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of
this standard.

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Annex ZB
(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the energy labelling


requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 812/2013
aimed to be covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request with regard
to energy labelling of water heaters, hot water storage tanks and packages of water heater and
solar device M/535/C(2015) 2626 final’ to provide one voluntary means of conforming to the energy
labelling requirements of Commission Delegated Regulation (EC) No 812/2013 of 18 February 2013
supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to
energy labelling of water heaters, hot water storage tanks and packages of water heater and solar

8
-0
device.

12
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Regulation,

6-
compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZB.1 confers, within the limits of

01
the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding energy labelling

2
st
requirements of that Regulation and associated EFTA Regulations. m
ZB.1 Relation between this standard and the Commission Regulation
ko
en

Table ZB.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Commission Delegated
je

Regulation (EC) No 812/2013 of 18 February 2013 supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the


bi
ie

European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of water heaters, hot
at

water storage tanks and packages of water heater and solar device and Commission’s
m

standardization request Full reference to the request M/534/C(2015) 2625 final’


r
fo
in

Energy labelling Clauses and subclauses


de

requirements of Regulation of this EN Remarks/ Notes


or

(EC) No 812/2013
vo
T

Annex VII, point 4: Annex F, Clause F.2 For solar water heaters only
EP

Conditions for testing solar Annex F, Clause F.3


C

water heaters
N

Annex F, Clause F.4


O
C

Annex VII, point 6: Annex F, Clause F.2 For solar devices only
Conditions for testing solar Annex F, Clause F.3
devices
Annex VII, point 7: Annex F, Clause F.4 For solar devices only.
Technical parameters of water Only if no suitable product
heaters fiche for the water heater is
available.

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European
Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this
standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European
Union.
WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of
this standard.

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Annex ZC
(informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the ecodesign


requirements of Commission Regulation (EC) No 814/2013 aimed to be
covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request to
ecodesign requirements for water heaters and hot water storage tanks ‘M/534’ / ‘C(2015) 2625
final’ to provide one voluntary means of conforming to the ecodesign requirements of Commission
Regulation (EC) No 814/2013 of 2 August 2013 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European
Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for water heaters and hot water
storage tanks.

8
-0
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Regulation,

12
compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZC.1 confers, within the limits of

6-
the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding ecodesign

01
requirements of that Regulation and associated EFTA Regulations.

2
ZC.1 Relation between this standard and the Commission Regulation
st
m
ko

Table ZC.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Commission Regulation
en

(EU/EC) No 814/2013 of 2 August 2013 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European


je

Parliament and of the Council with regard to ecodesign requirements for water heaters and hot
bi
ie

water storage tanks and Commission’s standardization request Full reference to the request
at

M/534/C(2015) 2625 final’


rm
fo

Energy labelling requirements Clauses and subclauses of this Remarks/ Notes


in

of Regulation (EC) No EN
de

814/2013
or

Annex III, point 4: Annex F, Clause F.2


vo

Conditions for testing solar Annex F, Clause F.3


T
EP

water heaters Annex F, Clause F.4


C
N
O
C

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European
Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this
standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European
Union.
WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of
this standard.

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FprEN 15316-4-3:2016 (E)

Bibliography

[1] EN 15316-4-1, Energy performance of buildings — Module M3-8-1 — Heating system in buildings
— Combustion systems

[2] DUFFIE J.A., BECKMAN W.A. Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes. Wiley-Interscience ed., 2013,
fourth edition

[3] CEN/TS 16628, Energy Performance of Buildings - Basic Principles for the set of EPB standards

[4] CEN/TS 16629, Energy Performance of Buildings - Detailed Technical Rules for the set of EPB-
standards

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