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# SUMMER VACATION TASK-2020-21

## CLASS: VIII ABC

SUB. TEACHER: H S DAS, SK MISHRA, BN PATRA
1. Solve: (a) 4 (m + 3) = 18 (b) – 2(x + 3) = 5

## 2.Solve the following equations.

(a) 4 = 5(p – 2) (b) – 4 = 5(p – 2) (c) –16 = –5 (2 – p)
(d) 10 = 4 + 3(t + 2) (e) 28 = 4 + 3(t + 5) (f) 0 = 16 + 4(m – 6)

3.The sum of three times a number and 11 is 32. Find the number.

4.Find a number, such that one fourth of the number is 3 more than 7.

16. When you multiply a number by 6 and subtract 5 from the product, you get 7. Find the number.

## 17. What is that number one third of which added to 5 gives 8?

18. Raju’s father’s age is 5 years more than three times Raju’s age. Find Raju’s age, if his
father is 44 years old.

19. There are two types of boxes containing mangoes. Each box of the larger type contains 4 more
mangoes than the number of mangoes contained in 8 boxes of the smaller type. Each larger box
contains 100 mangoes. Find the number of mangoes contained in the smaller box?

20. The teacher tells the class that the highest marks obtained by a student in her class is twice
the lowest marks plus 7. The highest score is 87. What is the lowest score?

21. In an isosceles triangle, the base angles are equal. The vertex angle is 40°. What are the
base angles of the triangle? (Remember, the sum of three angles of a triangle is 180°).

5.Smita’s mother is 34 years old. Two years from now mother’s age will be 4 times Smita’s
present age. What is Smita’s present age?

6.Sachin scored twice as many runs as Rahul. Together, their runs fell two short of a double
century. How many runs did each one score?

22. Nine added to thrice a number a whole number gives 45. Find the number.

23. Four-fifths of a number is greater than three-fourths of the number by 4. Find the number.

24. Twice a number when decreased by 7 gives 45. Find the number.

25. Thrice a number when increased by 5 gives 44. Find the number.

26. Laxmi's father is 49 years old. He is 4 years older than three times Laxmi's age. What is
Laxmi's age?

27. Maya, Madhura and Mohsina are friends studying in the same class. In a class test in
geography, Maya got 16 out of 25. Madhura got 20. Their average score was 19. How much
did Mohsina score?

28. People of Sundargram planted a total of 102 trees in the village garden. Some of the trees
were fruit trees. The number of non-fruit trees were two more than three times the number of
fruit trees. What was the number of fruit trees planted?
33. The sum of two consecutive multiples of 3 is 69. Find the numbers.

34. The length of a rectangular plot exceeds its breadth by 5 m. If the perimeter of the plot is
142 m, find the dimensions of the plot.

7.Raju is 19 years younger than his cousin. After 5 years, their ages will be in the ratio 2 : 3.
Find their present age.

8.A father is 30 years older than his son. In 12 years, the man will be three times as old as his
son. Find their present ages.

35. The ages of Arun and Rahul are in the ratio 7 : 5. Ten eyars hence, the ratio of their ages
will be 9 : 7. Find their present ages.

36. In an examination, a student requires 40% of the total marks to pass. If Vandana gets 185
marks and fails by 15 marks, find the total marks.

37. Five years ago a man was seven times as old as his son. Five years hence, the father will
be three times as old as his son. Find their present ages.

38. A sum of Rs. 500 is in the form of denominations of Rs. 5 and Rs. 10. If the total
number of notes is 90, find the number of notes of each type.

39. The total cost of 3 tables and 2 chairs is Rs. 745. If a table costs Rs. 40 more than a chair,
find the price of each.

40. After 12 years Uday will be 3 times as old as he was 4 years ago. Find his present age.

## NCERT TEXT BOOK

CHAPTER 1: EXE:1.1 QUE 1 TO 5-LAST BITS ONLY AND Q7,Q8,Q11
EXE:1.2 QUE 1,Q4,Q7
CHAPTER2: EXE:2.1 Q8 AND Q 10
EXE:2.2 QUE 5,8,11,16
EXE:2.3 QUE9,10
EXE:2.4 QUE 7,9,10
EXE:2.5 QUE 6,9,10
EXE:2.6 QUE 4,7
CHAPTER3: ALL EXERCISE QUESTION TO BE DONE IN ADVANCE
( ALL QUESTIONS OF EXAMPLAR MATHS. BOOK CH1 & 2 TO BE COMPLETED)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CLASS: X ABC
SUB. TEACHER: H S DAS, SK MISHRA, BN PATRA
(SECTION A)
Q1. Which ordered pair satisfies the following system of equations?
10x + 7y = 99
y–x=2
(a) (7,5) (b) (5,7) (c) (13,1) (d) (-2,17)

## Q2. Graphically, the pair of equations

6x – 3y + 10 = 0
2x – y + 9 = 0
represents two lines which are
(a) intersecting at exactly one point (b) intersecting at exactly two points
(c) coincident (d) parallel

## Q3. The pair of equations y = 0 and y = -7 has

(a) one solutions (b) two solutions
(c) infinitely many solutions (d) no solutions

Q4. The pair of equations x = a and y = b graphically represents lines which are
(a) parallel (b) intersecting at (a,b)
(b) coincident (d) intersecting at (b,a)

Q5. The value of c for which the pair of equations cx – y = 2 and 6x – 2y = 3 will have
Infinitely many solutions is
(a) 3 (b) -3 (c) -12 (d) no value

Q6. One equations of a pair of dependent linear equations is -5x + 7y = 2. The second equation
can be
(a) 10x – 14y = -4 (b) -10x - 14y + 4 = 0
(c) -10x + 14y + 4 = 0 (d) 10x + 14y = -4

## Q7. A pair of linear equations which has a unique solution x = 1, y = 2 is

(a) 2x + y = -1 (b) 7x + 8y = 23
2x – 3y = -5 8x + 7y = 22
(c) x + y = 7 (d) 2x + 4y = 7
3x – 2y = 10 x + 2y = 7

## Q8. If x = a, y = b is the solution of the equations x – y = 2 and x + y = 4, then the

Values of a and b are, respectively
(a)3 and 5 (b)5 and 3 (c)3 and 1 (d)-1 and -3

Q9. Aruna has only Rs 1 and Rs 2 coins with her. If the total number of coins that she
has is 50 and the amount of money with her is Rs 75, then the number of Rs 1
and Rs 2 coins are, respectively
(a) 35 and 15 (b) 5 and 3 (c) 6 and 36 (d) 3 and 24

Q10. The father’s age is six times his son’s age. Four years hence, the age of the father
will be four times his son’s age. The present ages, in years, of the son and father
are, respectively
(a) 4 and 24 (b) 5 and 3 (c) 6 and 36 (d) 3 and 24
(SECTION B)
1. If -4 is a zero of the polynomial x2 – x – (2k + 2) then find the value of k.

## 2. Express 5005 as a product of its prime factors.

3. Given the linear equation 2x + 3y – 8 = 0, write another linear equation in two variables such
that the geometrical representation of the pair so formed is coincident lines.

4. The HCF of two numbers is 23 and their LCM is 1449. If one of the numbers is 161, find the
other.

5. What will be the value of m for which the equation x2 – 4x + m = 0 has equal roots .

6. If one zero of the polynomial f(x) = (k2 + 4) x2 + 13x + 4k is reciprocal of the other, then find
the value of k.

7. On dividing x3 – 3x2 + x + 2 by a polynomial g(x), the quotient and remainder were x – 2 and
–2x + 4, respectively. Find g(x).

8. Find the values of a and b for which the following pair of linear equations have an infinite
number of solutions:2x + 3y = 7 and (a - b)x + (a + b)y = 3a + b – 2.

9. Solve the quadratic equation 2x2-5x+3=0 by the method of completing the squares.

10. a) Without actual division, show that 17/625 has a terminating decimal expansion. Also
express it in decimal form.
b) Prove that 4 11 is irrational.
(SECTION C)
1. Find a quadratic polynomial whose one zero is 7 and sum of zeroes is -18.

## 2. Express 7429 as a product of its prime factors.

3. Do the equations x+3y-1 = 3 and 2x+6y = 6 represents a pair of coincident lines. Justify your

4. The HCF of two numbers is 113and their LCM is 56952. If one of the numbers is 904, find the
other.
5. If ax2+bx+c = 0 has equal roots, then find the value of c.

6. A train covered a certain distance at a uniform speed. If the train would have been 10 km/hr
faster, it would have taken 2 hours less than the scheduled time. And, if the train were slower
by 10 km/hr; it would have taken 3 hours more than the scheduled time. Find the distance
covered by the train.
7. If the polynomial x4 – 6x3 + 16x2 – 25x + 10 is divided by another polynomial x2 – 2x + k, the
remainder comes out to be x + a, find k and a .

8. Find the value of p, for which one root of the quadratic equation px2-14x+8=0 is 6 times the
other.

9. Check whether 6n can end with the digit 0 for any natural number n.

10. Solve the quadratic equation x2+4x-5=0 by the method of completing the squares.
NCERT TEXT BOOK
CHAPTER1: ALL QUESTIONS
CHAPTER2: EXE:2.2 QUE 1(V)(VI)
EXE:2.3 QUE2(II)Q4,5
CHAPTER 3: EXE:3.1 QUE 3
EXE:3.2 QUE 3(iii),Q4(iv),Q7
EXE:3.3 QUE1(V),Q3(III)
EXE:3.4 QUE2(ii)
EXE:3.5 QUE2(ii)4(iv)(v)
EXE:3.6 QUE1(VI)(VII)

## CHAPTER1: ALL EXERCISE QUESTION TO BE DONE IN ADVANCE

( ALL QUESTIONS OF EXAMPLAR MATHS. BOOK CH2 & 3 TO BE COMPLETED)

Activity 1: Verify that the length of the tangents from external point is equal. Activity 2: Determine the
consistency and inconsistency of the given linear equations. Activity 3: Determine the zeroes of the
polynomial and verify it.
1. Two circles touch each other internally. Show that the tangents drawn to the circles from any point on
the common tangents, are equal in length. 2. The in circle of a ∆ ABC touches the sides BC, CA, AB at
D,E,F respectively. If AB = AC, Prove that BD = CD. 3. ABCD is a quadrilateral such that angle D = 90˚. A
circle C(O,r) touches the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at P,Q,R and S respectively. If BC=30 cm, BP=20cm,
CD=18cm, find r. 4. Prove that the points (0,0), (5,5) and (-5,5) are vertices of a right isosceles triangle. 5.
Find the value of k, if the point P(0,2) is equidistant from (P,k) and (k,5). 6. (3,4), (-2,3) and (x,y) are
vertices of an equilateral triangle. Find x and y. 7. Find the ratio in which the point (-3,P) divides the line
segment joining the points (-5,-4) and (-2,3) . Hence find the value of p. 8. Find the ratio in which the line
segment joining A(1,-5) and B(-4,5) is divided by the X axis. Also find the coordinates of the point of
division. 9. Point P(-5,x) , Q(y,7) and R(1,-3) are collinear, such that PQ=QR. Calculate the values of x and
y. 10. Find the vertices of the triangle the mid points of whose sides are (3,1), (5,6) and (-3,2). 11. The
line joining the points (2,1) and (5,-8) is trisected at the points P and Q. If point P lies on the line 2x-
y+k=0. Find the value of k 12. If a vertex of a triangle be (1,1) and the middle points of the two sides
through it be (-2,3) and (5,2) , find the centroid of the triangle. 13. If the points (1,2) , (-2,-10) and (3,p)
are collinear, find the value of p. 14. Find the area of the triangle formed by the points (a,c+a), (a,c) , (-
a,c-a). 15. Find the zeroes of the polynomial x 3 -6x 2 +3x+10, it is given that the zeroes are in A.P. 16.
Obtain all the zeroes of P(x)= 3x 4 +6x 3 -2x 2 -10x-5 if two of its zeroes are -1,-1 . 17. 1f x 2 +x-12 divides
P(x)= x 3 +ax 2 +bx-84 exactly, find a and b. 18. Form a quadratic polynomial whose one zero is 8 and the
product of its zeroes is -56. 19. If (3) x+y =81 and (81) x-y =3, then find the values of x and y. 20. Find
graphically the coordinates of vertices of a triangle whose sides have the equation: x-2y=4 ; x=4 and x-
y=3. 21. A train crosses a platform 90m long in 30sec and a man standing on a platform in 15 sec, find
the speed of the train. 22. Solve for x and y: 0.4x+0.3y=1.7 ; 0.7x-0.2y=0.8. 23. Solve for x and y
148y+231x=527xy 231y+148x=610xy. 24. 90% and 97% pure acid solutions are mixed to obtain 21ltrs of
95% pure acid solutions. Find the amount of each type of acid to be mixed to form the mixture. 25. If α,β
are zeroes of the quadratic polynomial x 2 -7x+10, find the value of α 3 +β 3 .