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Paternity Leave Act of 1996 (RA 8187)

Approved on June 11, 1996

Meaning of paternity leave
- Leave credits granted to a married male employee to allow him to earn compensation for 7 working
days without reporting for work, provided that his spouse has delivered a child, had a miscarriage, or
an abortion for the purpose of lending support to his wife during her period of recovery and nursing of
the newborn child
- the benefits granted to a married male employee allowing him not to report for work for seven (7)
days but continues to earn the compensation therefor, on the condition that his spouse has delivered a
child or suffered a miscarriage for purposes of enabling him to effectively lend support to his wife in
her period of recovery and/or in the nursing of the newly-born child.
Coverage of the law
- Married male employees in the private and public sectors.

Duration of the paternity leave

- 7 days with full pay (available only for the first 4 deliveries)

Conditions for entitlement to paternity leave

1. Employed at the time of the delivery of his child
2. Notified his employer of the pregnancy of his wife and her expected date of delivery
3. Wife has given birth, suffers a miscarriage or an abortion
4. Availed in first 4 deliveries by his lawful spouse

Penal sanctions
- Penalty or fine not exceeding P25,000 or imprisonment of not less than 30 days nor more than 6
- If violation is committed by a juridical entity, the penalty of imprisonment shall be imposed on
the entity’s responsible officers

Solo Parents’ Welfare Act (RA 8972)

Approved on November 7, 2000

Definition of solo parent

1. A woman who gives birth as a result of rape and other crimes against chastity even without a final
conviction of the offender
2. Parent left solo or alone due to the death of the spouse
3. Parent left solo or alone while spouse is detained or is serving sentence for a criminal conviction for
at least one year
4. Parent left solo or alone due to the physical/mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public
medical practitioner
5. Parent left solo or alone due to the legal separation or de facto separation at least one year
6. Parent left solo or alone due to the declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage
7. Parent left solo or alone due to the abandonment of spouse for at least one year
8. Unmarried mother/father
9. Any other person who solely provides parental care and support to a child or children
10. Any family member who assumes the responsibility of head of family as a result of death,
abandonment, disappearance or prolonged absence of the parent/solo parent

Benefits available to solo parent

1. Comprehensive package of social development and welfare services
a. Livelihood development services
b. Counselling services
c. Parent effectiveness services
d. Critical incidence stress debriefing
e. Special projects for individuals in need of protection

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2. Flexible work schedule – not affecting individual and company productivity; employer may
request for exemption on meritorious grounds
3. Parental leave – 7 working days; not convertible to cash; different from emergency or contingency
4. Educational leave
a. Scholarship programs for qualified solo parents and their children in institutions of
basic, tertiary and technical/skills education
b. Non-formal education programs
5. Housing benefits – upon meeting the eligibility criteria; shall be provided with liberal terms on
government low-cost housing projects
6. Medical assistance – comprehensive health care program for solo parents and their children

Magna Carta for Persons with Disability

(RA 7227, as amended by RA 9442, 10070, 10524 and 10754)

Definition of persons with disability – persons suffering from restriction or different abilities, as a
result of a mental, physical or sensory impairment, to perform an activity in the manner or within the range
considered normal for a human being.

Rights and privileges of persons with disability

1. Equal opportunity for employment
- same terms of conditions of employment and same compensation, privileges, benefits,
fringe benefits, incentives or allowances as a qualified-able bodied person
- 5% of all casual, emergency and contractual positions in the DSWD, DOH, DEPED
and other government agencies, offices or corporation engaged in social development
shall be reserved for disabled persons
2. Sheltered employment
- Provision of productive work for disabled persons through workshops providing
special facilities, income –producing projects or homework schemes
3. Apprenticeship
- Handicap is not much as to effectively impede the performance of job operations in the
particular occupation for which they are hired
- If found satisfactory, they shall be eligible for employment
4. Incentives for employers
- Those employing disabled persons as regular employee, apprentice or learner entitled
to additional deduction from their gross income equivalent to 25% of the total amount
paid as salaries and wages to disabled persons
- Those that improve or modify their physical facilities in order to provide reasonable
accommodation for disabled persons shall also be entitled to an additional deduction
from their net taxable income equivalent to 50% of the direct costs of the improvements
or modifications
5. Vocational rehabilitation
- Develop the skills and potentials of disabled persons and enable them to compete
favourable for available productive and remunerative employment opportunities in the
labor market
6. Vocational guidance and counselling
- Ensure the availability and training of counsellors and other suitably qualified staff
responsible for the vocational guidance and counselling of disabled persons
7. Access to quality education
- Unlawful to deny a disabled person admission to any course by reason of handicap or
8. Assistance to disabled students
- Financial assistance to economically marginalized but deserving disabled students
pursuing post-secondary or tertiary education in the form of scholarship grants, student
loan programs, subsidies and other incentives
- At least 5% of the allocation for the Private Education Student Financial Assistance
Program shall be set aside for disabled students
9. Special education
- Special education classes in public schools, cities or municipalities

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