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PROGRESSIVE WAVE

y =~ sin(60t + 2x), where x and y are in metres and t

1

is in seconds. This represents a wave

. 30

(1) of frequency - Hz

1t

(2) of wavelength 1t m

(3) of amplitude 10 cm

(4) moving in the positive x direction.

Pick out the correct statements from the above.

(a) 1, 2, 4 (b) 1, 3, 4

(c) 1, 2, 3 (d) all

and y are in metres and t in seconds. The frequency of

the wave is

4 -1 8 -I 5 -I (d) £ s-1

(a) i s (b) i s (c) i s 7t

360

86. The equation of a wave travelling in a string can be written 95. If the distance between successive compressions and

as y = 3cosn (IOOt - x). Its wavelength is (yin cm) rarefactions is I m and velocity of sound is 360 m 8- 1,

(a) 3 cm (b) 10 cm (c) 2 cm (d) 5 cm then the frequency is

87. In a sinusoidal wave, the time required for a particular (a) 180 Hz (b) 45 Hz (c) 120 Hz (d) 90 Hz

point to move from maximum displacement to zero 96. In brass, the velocity of longitudinal wave is 100 times

displacement is 0.170 s. The frequency of the wave is the velocity of the transverse wave. If Y= I x 10 11 Nim2,

(a) 1.47 Hz (b) 0.36 Hz then stress in the wire is

(c) 0.73 Hz (d) 2.94 Hz (b) 1 x 109 N/m2

(a) I x 10 13 N/m2

88. A wave travelling al0ng the x-axis is described by the 11

(c) 1 x 10 N/rn 2 (d) I x 107 N/m2

equation y(x, t) = 0.005 cos(ax - ~t). If the wavelength

97. Figure shows the shape of part of a long string in which

and the time period of the wave are 0.08 m and 2.0 s

transverse waves are produced by attaching one end of

respectively, then a and in appropriate units are

· the string to tuning fork of frequency 250 Hz. What is

7t

(a) a= 12.50n, =- (b) a= 25.00n, =n the velocity of the waves?

2.0

y(cm)

(c) a= 0.08, = 2.0 (d) a= 0.04, = .!J!_

7t 7t 7t 1t

5cm

89. What is the wavelength of wave shown in given figure?

0.6mp

t

(\ (\ -5 cm

y(m)V V

O 20cm

(a) 1.0 m s-1

(c) 2.0 m s- 1

(b) 1.5 m s-1

(d) 2.5 rn s-1

(a) 0.6 m (b) 0.3 m (c) 0.08 m (d) 4 cm

98. The displacement y of a wave travelling in the

90. The particles of a medium vibrate about their mean x-direction is given by

positions whenever a wave travels through that medium.

The phase difference between the vibrations of two such y = I0--4sin(6oOt-2x+i) metre,

particles

where x is expressed in metre and t in second. The speed

(a) varies with time

of the wave motion, in m s- 1 is

(b) varies with distance separating them

(a) 300 (b) 600 (c) 1200 (d) 200

(c) varies with time as well as dista1J.ce

(d) is always zero. 99. The linear density of a vibrating string is 10-4 kg m-1•

91. A sound wave travelling through a medium of bulk A transverse wave is propagating on the string, which is

modulus B is represented as y(x, t) = Asin(kx - wt) described by the equation y = 0.02sin(x + 30t)

where symbols have their usual meanings. Then, the where x and y are in metres and time t is in seconds. The

corresponding pressure amplitude is tension in the string is

(a) BAk (b) B(Alk) 112 (c) B (d) B(Ak) 112 (a) 0.09 N (b) 0.36 N (c) 0.9 N (d) 3.6 N

100. A uniform rope of length 12 m and mass 6 kg hangs

SPEED OF WAVE AND SPEED OF SOUND vertically from a rigid support. A block of mass 2 kg is

attached to the free end of the rope. A transverse pulse

92. A string of linear density 0.2 kg/m is stretched with a of wavelength 0.06 m is produced at the lower end of

force of 500 N. A transverse wave of length 4.0 m is set the rope. What is the wavelength of the pulse when it

up along it. The speed of wave is reaches the top of the rope ?

(a) 50 mis (b) 75 mis (c) 150 mis (d) 200 mis

(a) 0.06 m (b) 0.03 m (c) 0.12 m (d) 0.09 rn

0 4

j

93. The equation of wave is y = 5sin ( _~ -{ where y is 101. Oxygen is 16 times heavier than hydrogen. Equal volumes

in centimetre, x is in centimetre and t is in seconds. The of hydrogen and oxygen are mixed. The ratio of speed

maximum velocity of the particles of the medium is of sound in the mixture to that in hydrogen is

(a) I mis (b) 1.5 mis (c) 1.25 mis (d) 2 mis (a) ./8 (b) (c) .Jf7g (d) JfJJ0

94. A progressive wave of frequency 500 Hz is travelling 102. What will be the wave velocity, if the radar giv~s

with a velocity of 360 mis. How far apart are two points 54 waves per min and wavelength of the given wave is

60° out of phase ? 10 m?

(a) 0.12 m (b) 0.22 m (c) 0.32 m (d) 0.42 m (a) 4 mis (b) 6 mis (c) 9 mis (d) 5 rn/s

r,IIIJ'1s and waves 361

Awave is represented by the equation 113. A bat emits ultrasonic sound of frequency 100 kHz in air.

tlt y = 0.lsin(lOOnt- kx) If this sound meets a water surface, what is the wavelength

irwave velocity is 100 mis, its wavelength is equal to of the transmitted sound? (Speed of sound in air= 340 ms-•

(a) Im (b) 2 m (c) 7t m (d) 2n m and in water= 1486 m s- 1)

(a) 3.4 x 10-3 m (b) f.49 x 10-2 m

· ti. Auniform rope of mass 0.1 kg and length 2.45 m hangs

1 (c) 3.4 x 10- m2 (d) 1.49 x 10-3 m

fiolD a ceiling. The time taken by a transverse wave to

travel the full length of the rope is (g = 9 .8 mls2) 114. If the bulk modulus of water is 2100 MPa, what is the

(a) Is (b) 2 s (c) 3 s (d) 4 s speed of sound in water ?

(a) 1450 m s-1 (b) 2100 m s-1

!15, Auniform wire of length 20 m and weighing 5 kg hangs

2 (c) 0.21 m s-1 (d) 21 m s- 1

vertically. If g = 10 mls , then the speed of transverse

w-aves in the middle of the wire is 115. At a given temperature, velocity of sound in oxygen and

(a) 10 mis (b) mis (c) 4 mis (d) zero in hydrogen has the ratio

(a) 4 : 1 (b) 1 : 4 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 2 : 1

,116. A transverse wave propagating along x-axis is

represented by 116. The velocity of sound waves in air is 330 m s- 1• For

a particular sound in air, a path difference of 40 cm is

y(x,t) =8.0 sin ( 0.5nx - 4ttt - ~)

equivalent to a phase difference of l.61t. The frequency

wherex is in metre and tis in seconds. The speed of wave is of the wave is

1t

(a) 165 Hz (b) 150 Hz

(a) 8 mis (b) 47t mis (c) 0.51t mis (d)

4 mis (c) 660 Hz (d) 330 Hz

· 197. Velocity of sound in a gaseous medium is 330 m s-1- If 117. A string oflength 10.0 m and mass 1.25 kg is stretched

the pressure is increased by 4 times without change .in with a tension of 50 N. If a transverse pulse is created

temperature, the velocity of sound in the gas is at one end of the string, how iong does it take to reach

(a) 330 m s-1 (b) 660 m s~1 the other end?

1

(c) 156 m s- (d) 990 m s-1 (a) 0.5 s (b) 1.0 s

1118 (c) 1.5 s (ci) 2.0 s

-A string is hanging from a rigid support. A transverse

pulse is excited at its free end. The speed at which the 118. If the Young's modulus of the material of a rod is

pulse travels a distance x is proportional to 2 x 1011 N m-2 and its density is 8000 kg m-3, the time

(a) X 1 1 taken by a sound wave to traverse 1 m of the rod will be

(b) - (c) r (d) (a) 3 X 10-4 S (b) 2 X 10-4 S

X "1/X

2

I09. At What temperature will the speed of sound in air be (c) 3 X 10- s (d) 2 X 10-2 s

3 times its value at 0°C?

119. The speed of sound in a gas of density p at a pressure p

(a) 1184°C (b) 1148°C (c) 2184°C (d) 2148°C is proportional to

. l!O, A transverse wave

. 1s

~::: Yosin2n(

· descn·bed by the equation

ut-f}

.

(a) (~J (b) (~r2 (c) (d) i

18 120. The pressure variations in the propagation of sound waves

equal to four times the wave velocity if

in gaseous medium are

(a) A::: 1tyo (b) )., = 1tyo (a) adiabatic (b) isothermal

4 2

(c) isobaric (d) isochoric

(c) A.::: 7% (d) A = 21tyo

Ut . 121. :he angle between particle velocity and wave velocity

! An observer standing near the sea-coast counts 48 waves m a transverse wave is

; Per min. If the wavelength of the wave is IO m, the

(a) zero (b) rc/4 (c) rc/2 (d) 7t

VelOCity of the waves will be

(a) 8 mis (b) 12 mis 122. The amplitude of a wave disturbance propagatin . th

(c) 16 mis (d) 20 mis P~s1·t·1ve x-direction

. . . g Ill e

1s given by y = II( 1 + x2) at time

112 t - 0 and by y = 1/[l + (x - 1)2] at t = 2 seconds h

·!Jie Speed of sound in oxygen (0 2) at a certain temperature x d .

an Y are m metres. The shape of the wave di turb

,were

18 460 m s- 1• Toe speed of sound in helium (He) at the

d h •

oes not c ange durmg the propagation Th 1 . s ance

same temperature will be (assume both gases to be ideal) the wave is . e ve oc1ty of

1

(a) 330 m s- 1 (b) 1420 m s- (a) I m s- 1

(c) 500 m 5- 1 (d) 650 m s- 1 (b) 0.5 m s- 1

(c) 1.5 m s-1

(d) 2 m s-

1

362 r-t-te-G@i;§Uq

PRINCIPLE OF SUPERPOSITION OF WAVES The speed of the wave (incident and reflected) is

(a) 5 mis (b) 20 mis (c) 10 mis (d) 40 mis

123. The two waves are given as x 1 = Asin(rot - O.lx) and 131. Wben a stationary wave is formed, then its frequency is , 1

(a) same as that of the individual waves

x 2 = A sin ( rot-0.lx-%}

(b) twice that of the individual waves

The resultant amplitude of combined wave is (c) half that of the individual waves

(d) that of the individual waves

(a) 2A cos% (b) A cos~

132. Stationary waves of frequency 200 Hz are formed in air.

1

If the velocity of the wave is 360 m s- , the shortest

(c) 2Acos~ distance between two antinodes is

(a) 1.8 m (b) 3.6 m (c) 0.9 m (d) 0.45 m

124. If two waves of the same frequency and amplitude

respectively on superposition produce a resultant 133. Distance between nodes on a string is 5 cm. Velocity of

disturbance of the same amplitude the waves differ in transverse wave is 2 m s-1• Then the frequency is

phase by (~) 5 Hz (b) 10 Hz (c) 20 Hz (d) 15 Hz

(a) 1t (b) zero (c) 1t/3 (d) 21t/3 134. If the air column in a pipe which is closed at one end, is

125. Two identical sinusoidal waves each of amplitude 5 mm in resonance with a vibrating tuning fork at a frequency

with a phase difference of rrJ2 are traveling in the same 260 Hz, then the length of the air column is

direction in a string. The amplitude of the resultant wave (a) 35.7 cm (b) 31.7, cm (c) 12.5 cm (d) 62.5 cm

(in mm) is 135. An open and closed organ pipe have the same length.

5 The ratio of p'h mode of frequency of vibration of two

(a) zero (b) (c) (d) 2.5

pipes is

(a) l (b) p

126. Two sound waves travel in the same direction in a medium.

The amplitude of each wave is A and the phase difference 2p

(c) p(2p + l) (d) {2 p- l)

between the two waves is 120°. The resultant amplitude·

will be 136. The stationary wave produced on a string is represented

by the equation

(a) (b) 2A (c) 3A (d) A

y=5sin(: }os401tt

REFLECTION OF WAVES AND STANDING where x and y are in cm and t is in seconds. The distance

WAVES IN STRINGS AND ORGAN PIPES between two consecutive nodes is

(a) 5 cm (b) 3 cm (c) 6 cm (d) 40 cm

127. Stationary waves of frequency 300 Hz are formed in

a medium in which the velocity of sound is 1200 mis. 137. Pick out the correct statement in the following with

'The distance between a node and neighbouring antfuode is reference to stationary wave pattern.

(a) 1 m (b) 2 m (c) 3 m (d) 4 m (a) In a tube closed at one end, all the harmonics are

present.

128. Standing waves are produced by the superposition of two (b) In a tube open at one end, only even harmonics are

waves y 1 = 0.05 sin(31tt- 2x) and y2 = 0.05 sin(31tt + 2x) present.

where x and y are in metres and t is in second. (c) The distance between successive nodes is equal 10

Wbat is the amplitude of the particle at x = 0.5 m? the wavelength.

Given cos 57.3° = 0.54. (d) In a stretched string, the first overtone is the satlle

(a) 2.7 cm (b) 5.4 cm (c) 8.1 cm (d) 10.8 cm as the second harmonic.

129. The stationary wave y = 2a sinkx cosrot in a closed 138. If the length of a stretched string is shortened by 4oo/~

organ pipe is the result of the superposition of and the tension is increased by 44%, then the ratio oftbe

y 1 = asin(rot + kx) and final and initial fundamental frequencies is

(a) y2 = - acos(rot + kx) (b) y2 = - asin(rot - kx) (a) 3 : 4 (b) 4 : 3 (c) l : 3 (d) 2: I

(c) Yi= asin(rot - kx) (d) Yi= acos(rot + kx) ·g

139. An organ pipe closed at one end resonates with a tunJII

130. A wave of frequency 100 Hz travels along a string towards fork of frequencies 180 Hz and 300 Hz. It will atso

its fixed end. When this wave travels back, after reflection, resonate with tuning fork of frequency }Ji

a node is formed at a distance of IO cm from the fixed end. (a) 360 Hz (b) 420 Hz (c) 480 Hz (d) 600

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