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APJ ABDUL KALAM TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
SECOND SEMESTER M.TECH DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2018
Branch: Civil Engineering
Stream: Geotechnical Engineering

01CE6204 Soil Dynamics and Machine Foundation


Answer any two full questions from each part
Limit answers to the required points.

Max. Marks: 60 Duration: 3 hours

PART A

1. Starting from fundamentals, derive the expression for natural frequency of SDOF 9
system of free vibration subjected to no damping.

2. Explain the cross bore hole wave propagation test in detail with neat sketches. 9

3. A 200 kg milling machine is mounted on an elastic foundation of stiffness 1 x 106 9


N/m. Find the natural period of vibration of the machine.

PART B
4. Explain the essentials of the elastic half space theory for the design of machine foundations. 9

5. A concrete block 4 m x 3 m x 1.5 m is used as a foundation for a reciprocating machine 9


operating at 500 rpm and mounted symmetrically with respect to the foundation. The weight of
engine is 10 kN. The operation of machine exerts unbalanced vertical force of 1.8 sin ω t (kN).
The values of dynamic elastic constant for the design of foundation is Cu = 4.5 x 104 kN/m3,
Gsoil = 17 kN/m3 and G concrete = 24 kN/m3. Determine the natural frequency and amplitude of
the block foundation.

6 a. Discuss the general design requirements of machine foundations with suitable remarks 6
b. Describe the different types of machine foundations. 3
PART C
7 a. Why are pile foundation used to support machine foundation? 6

b. What are the uses of installation of spring absorbens in the isolation of machine foundation? 6

8. A group of four piles is supporting a machine foundation, determine the values of Kz (t) and Cz 12
(t). Given that Σp = 21 x 10 kPa, Gs = 28000, γ = γs = 19 kN/m , μ = 0.5 for the soil.
6 3

1
(12)

Concrete pile 0.5 m 0.3 m


Cap
Γ = 24 t/m3 1.5 m
1.5 m

0.3 m

L = 12m

0.3 m 1.5 m 0.3 m

9. A compressor having an operating speed of 1300 rpm was installed at a distance of 60 12


m from a precision machine in an industrial unit. Design a suitable open trench barrier
to provide effective vibration isolation. The velocity of shear waves were found as 160
m/s