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- STEERING SYSTEM -

Objectives

If you learn this course,

Be able to explain main components of MDPS.

Be able to calibrate steering angle sensor.

Be able to troubleshoot the specific MDPS problem.


(Noise problem)
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1. Introduction - Overview


④ ③

⑥ ⑤

<Steering System>
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2. Components – MDPS Motor & Reduction Gear

Motor

Reduction Gear
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2. Components – Torque & Angle Sensor


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2. Components – Torque Sensor


Hall IC

N S N S N S

N S N S N S
Input Output Input Output

Rotor Torsion Bar Rotor Stator


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2. Components – Angle Sensor

Φ
θ

Magnet
Φ

Hub
θ Φ θ
Angle of Gear1,2

Angle of Hub
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2. Components – MDPS ECU

① ① ④

② ⑤ ⑧
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3. Control – Input and Output

EPS WARNING
BATT / IG ON / GND
LAMP

I
N
E O
U
T
Torque sensor P
U
C P
MOTOR ASSIST
U
T
U T

VEHICLE SPEED,
ENG RPM,
STEERING ANGLE
SENSOR, SELF DIAGNOSIS
ESC CO-
OPERATION(VSM)
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3. Control – Overheat Protection

assist current demanded current


11

3. Control – Overload Protection

Operating torque

Releasing torque

3 sec

Rated current
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4. Diagnosis – MDPS DTC List


DTC Defect Item Detect Condition (AND) Recover condition Remedy Action

• Engine ON
Battery to High • Battery supply voltage lower 1. Check supply voltage by GDS
C1101 • In case of battery supply power
voltage than 17 volts 2. ECU replace
exceeds 18V (500ms)

• Engine ON 1. Check supply voltage by GDS


Battery Voltage to • Battery supply voltage Higher
C1102 • Battery Voltage Lower than 3. ECU replace
Low than 10 volts (200ms)
9V(5sec)

• ENG ON
IGN voltage • Battery Voltage Normal • IG voltage higher than 9volts : 1. Check supply voltage by GDS
C1109
Defect • IGN Volt Low than 8volts (4sec) for 10sec 2. ECU replace

1. Sensor operation check by GDS :


• In case normally receive
• Sensor output voltage out of Main/Sub
the signal when re-engine
range (Main or Sub) : 0.4 ~4.6V 2. Harness Check
ON
Torque Sensor 3. Ass'y Replace
C1290
Abnormal 1.Sensor operation check by GDS :
• Short to battery Main/Sub
• Short to Ground ↑
2. Harness Check
3. Ass'y Replace

1.Sensor operation check by GDS :


Torque Sensor • Sensor voltage out of range : Main/Sub
C1112 ↑
Voltage Abnormal 4.5V~5.5V 2. Harness Check
3. Ass'y Replace
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4. Diagnosis – MDPS DTC List

DTC Defect Item Detect Condition (AND) Recover condition Remedy Action

• SAS sensor voltage out of range : • In case normally receive


8V~18V(1.5sec) the signal when re-engine ON 1. SAS Check by GDS
SAS Abnormal
2. Wire Check
C1259 signal
• SAS signal out of range while 3. MDPS Ass'y Replace

500ms

C1261 SAS not Calibration • SAS Calibration Fault N/A 1. Perform to SAS Calibration

• In case of used MDPS long


Over Heat time in excessively
C1603 • When temperature down of system
Protection (Working current limitation for
System protection)

• In case normally receive


C1604 ECU Internal fault • ECU inside defect occurrence the signal when re-engine 1. ECU Replace
ON

Variant Code • Wrong Variant code


C1702 N/A 1. Re-Variant Coding
Fault (MDPS control by Default Map)

• In case normally receive


Abnormal failsafe  MDPS ECU Failsafe relay Open or
C1704 the signal when re-engine 1. ECU Replace
Relay fault Short
ON
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4. Diagnosis – MDPS DTC List

DTC Defect Item Detect Condition (AND) Recover condition Remedy Action

1. EMS CAN data check in MDPS (rpm


• When EMS CAN signal is not • EMS CAN data signal normalcy & Vehicle Speed)
C1611 CAN Time Out
received (100ms) receive 2. ECU CAN Line Check
3. ECU replace

1. EMS CAN data check in


• Bus off
• CAN message normally transmit MDPS (rpm & Vehicle Speed)
C1616 CAN BUS Off When communication
in MDPS 2. ECU CAN Line Check
produces10 times not received
3. ECU Replace

1. EMS CAN data check in


• When Vehicle speed signal is MDPS (rpm & Vehicle Speed)
C1622 Vehicle Speed • When is received normally
received by Invalid via CAN 2. ECU CAN Line Check
3. ECU replace

• Motor Position Sensor signal • In case normally receive


1. MPS wire check
C2401 MPS Sensor output abnormal the signal when re-engine
2. MDPS Ass'y replace
• Fault judgment : while steering ON

1. Motor current check in GDS


 Motor open or short circuit
C2412 Motor Open/Short ↑ 2. Motor circuit check
 Fault judgment : while steering
3. MDPS Ass'y replace

Motor Current Over or  Motor abnormal current :


C2413 too high or less flow compare ↑ ↑
Less to logic
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4. Diagnosis – MDPS Current Data


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4. Diagnosis – S/W MANAGEMENT


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4. Diagnosis – Trouble Case


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4. Diagnosis – Trouble Case


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5. Summary

Main Component
- Steering Wheel, Steering Column, Torque & Angle
Sensor
MDPS Motor, MDPS ECU, U-Joint, Steering Gear Box

Steering Angle Sensor Calibration


- When : Replacing MDPS or ECU fault.
- Tool : GDS

Noise Problem
- may not related to electrical part.