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ENGLISH 9

Name of Learner: _________________________ Grade Level : 9


Section: __________________________________ Date : ____________

MODALS

Background Information:
It sounds so simple: say what you mean. But all too often, what we try to communicate
gets lost in translation despite our best intentions. We say one thing, the other person hears
something else, and misunderstandings, frustration, and conflicts ensue. Would you like to
communicate more clearly and effectively? Why do you wish to improve communication with
your teachers, friends or classmates and to build trust and respect with them, and be heard and
understood?
What are the two types of modal verbs of obligation?
There are two types of modal verbs of obligation; those that primarily express a firm obligation
or necessity - must and have to - and those that express a recommendation or moral obligation
- should and ought to.
What are the other types of modal?
Can is another type of modal often used to ask for and give permission. It means something is
allowed and can be done. Both can‘t and mustn‘t are also modals used to show that something
is prohibited – it is not allowed. Can‘t tells us that something is against the rules. Mustn‘t is
usually used when the obligation comes from the person who is speaking.

Learning Competency with code :


Express permission, obligation, and prohibition using modals (Quarter 1 Week 1 EN9G-IVd-23)

Directions/ Instructions
A. Use must, have to, should and ought to correctly in the following
sentences. Put your answers in the blank provided below.
Example I have to stay at home.
I ______ stay at home.

Exercises/Activities
1. Challenges ___________ not keep us from achieving our dreams.
3. Before, one talks about an issue, he/she ___________ read about it first.
3. The school, as a second home ________constantly nurture and protect the rights of children.
4. We _______find courage even in the small things that we do.
5. In order to succeed, you _________ believe that you can.

B. Read the following sentences. Use the correct modals of prohibitions in each of the
sentences.
6. _______ I stay with the group?
7. You _______ park here, ma‘am. The parking lot is full.
8. You ______ wear shirts but you can wear jeans in the pool.
9. You _____ use Mandela‘s speech to inspire the youth.
10. You _______ make noise while the session is on going.

C. Underline the best answer in each sentences below.


1. Which one of the pair expresses an obligation?
I must go to the dentist.
I will go to the dentist.
2. Which one of the pair expresses necessity?
You have to be very careful in choosing friends.
You can be very careful in choosing friends.
3. Which one of the pair expresses moral obligation?
Parents should teach their children how to make good decision.
Parents must teach their children how to make good decision.
4. Which one of the pair expresses more formal and polite way of saying that
someone has permission?
Students may travel free.
Students can travel free.
5. Which one of the pair expresses polite way of asking permission to do something?
Could we go home now?
Can we go home now?
6. Which one expresses recommendation or moral obligation?
We should understand our roles to keep our family strong.
We mustn't forget our roles to keep our family strong.
7. Which one of the pair expresses an obligation?
We must meet again soon.
We will meet again soon.
8. Which one of the pair expresses ability?
Can I lift that for you?
I can lift that easily.
9. Which one of the pair expresses a request for permission?
Could I go now?
I could go now.
10. Which one of the pair expresses ability?
He could speak several languages.
He could speak to the boss.

D. DREAM MAP
Design a map that represents you and your abilities. Use icons to represent what you
can do with this abilities. Use your creativity.
Reflection
Complete the organizer by placing the main function of modals at the middle circle and writing
the different modal auxiliaries in the surrounding circles.
References for Learners
Capili, Shiela. "G9 English Lesson Exemplar 4th Quarter." LinkedIn SlideShare.
November 27, 2019. Accessed July 17, 2020.
https://www.slideshare.net/shielalabs/g9-english-lesson-exemplar-4th-quarter.

Answer Key
A.
1. must
2. have to
3. must
4. ought to
5. must
B.
6. can
7. can’t
8. can’t
9. should
10. shouldn’t
C.
1. I must go to the dentist.
2. You have to be very careful in choosing friends.
3. Parents should teach their children how to make good decision.
4. Students may travel free.
5. Can we go home now?
6. We should understand our roles to keep our family strong.
7. We must meet again soon.
8. I can lift that easily.
9. Could I go now?
10. He could speak several languages.

Prepared:
CHERRY DEE P. BALILU
Teacher 1 English 9