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ME8595 –Thermal Engineering-II

ME8595 –Thermal Engineering-II


QP CODE :
Part-A (06 X 02= 12) QP CODE :
1. What are the various types of nozzles and their functions? Part-A (06 X 02= 12)
2. What are the effects of friction on the flow through a steam nozzle? 1. What are the various types of nozzles and their functions?
3. Define nozzle efficiency and critical pressure ratio 2. What are the effects of friction on the flow through a steam nozzle?
4. Explain the phenomenon of super saturated expansion in steam nozzle. 3. Define nozzle efficiency and critical pressure ratio.
5. What are the conditions that produce super saturation of steam in Nozzles? 4. Explain the phenomenon of super saturated expansion in steam nozzle.
6. What are the effects of super saturation in a steam nozzle? 5. What are the conditions that produce super saturation of steam in Nozzles?
Part-B (02 X 06 = 12) 6. What are the effects of super saturation in a steam nozzle?
7. (a) Dry saturated steam at 6.5 bar with negligible velocity expands Part-B (02 X 06 = 12)
isentropically in a convergent divergent nozzle to 1.4 bar and dryness 7. (a) Dry saturated steam at 6.5 bar with negligible velocity expands
fraction 0.956. Determine the final velocity of steam from the nozzle if 13% isentropically in a convergent divergent nozzle to 1.4 bar and dryness
heat is lossin friction. Find the % reduction in the final velocity. fraction 0.956. Determine the final velocity of steam from the nozzle if 13%
[OR] heat is lossin friction. Find the % reduction in the final velocity.
(b) A convergent divergent adiabatic steam nozzle is supplied with steam at [OR]
10 bar and 250°c.the discharge pressure is 1.2 bar. Assuming that the nozzle (b) A convergent divergent adiabatic steam nozzle is supplied with steam at
efficiency is 100% and initial velocity of steam is 50 m/s. find the discharge 10 bar and 250°c.the discharge pressure is 1.2 bar. Assuming that the nozzle
velocity. efficiency is 100% and initial velocity of steam is 50 m/s. find the discharge
8. (a) Derive an equation for discharge through the nozzle. velocity.
[OR] 8. (a) Derive an equation for discharge through the nozzle.
(b) Calculate the critical pressure and throat area per unit mass flow rate of [OR]
steam, expanding through a convergent and divergent nozzle 10 bar, dry (b) Calculate the critical pressure and throat area per unit mass flow rate of
saturated drawn to atmospheric pressure of 1 bar. Assume that inlet velocity steam, expanding through a convergent and divergent nozzle 10 bar, dry
is negligible and that the is isentropic. saturated drawn to atmospheric pressure of 1 bar. Assume that inlet velocity
Part-C (01 X 06 = 06) is negligible and that the is isentropic.
Compulsory Part-C (01 X 06 = 06)
9. Calculate the throat and exit diameters of a convergent and divergent Compulsory
nozzle,which will discharge 820 Kg of steam per hour at a pressure of 8 bar 9. Calculate the throat and exit diameters of a convergent and divergent
superheated to 220oC into a chamber having a pressure of 1.5 bar.The friction nozzle,which will discharge 820 Kg of steam per hour at a pressure of 8 bar
loss in the divergent Portion of the nozzle may be taken as 0.15 of the superheated to 220oC into a chamber having a pressure of 1.5 bar.The friction
isentropic enthalpy drop. loss in the divergent Portion of the nozzle may be taken as 0.15 of the
isentropic enthalpy drop.