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6 Music
First Quarter– Module2
Differentiates aurally among 2/4, 3/4,
4/4 and 6/8 time signatures
MAPEH (MUSIC)– Grade Six
Alternative Delivery Mode
First Quarter– Module2: Differentiates aurally among 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, and 6/8-time
signatures.
First Edition, 2020

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Published by the Department of Education


Secretary: Leonor Magtolis Briones
Undersecretary: Diosdado M. San Antonio

Development Team
Writer: Dionisio S. Bandico
Editor: Jodilmary C. Montemayor/Emilia M. Baydal
Reviewer: Emilia M. Baydal
Illustrator: Leo Bill N. Paglinawan
Layout Artist: Leo Bill N. Paglinawan
Management Team: Arden D. Monisit
Nonale Q. Resoor
Susan T. Balbuena
Romil Victor A. Villahermosa

Printed in the Philippines by: Department of Education Region VII, Central Visayas
Division of Guihulngan City

Office Address: Osmeña Avenue, Poblacion, Guihulngan City,


Negros Oriental, Philippines, 6214
Telefax: (035)410-4069/ (035)410-4066
E-mail Address: guihulngan.city@deped.gov.ph
6
Music
First Quarter – Module 2:
Differentiates aurally among 2/3, 3/4,
4/4 and 6/8 time signatures.
Introduction

This module, MUSIC for grade 6 covers the development of our learner’s skill in Music as
designed in the Most Essential Learning Competency (MELC) for the particular quarter
specifically in the first quarter.

Most of the topics here are so simplified and illustrated in easy musical terms that they are
easy to understand. Simple exercises and drill/review and sample lessons are also
incorporated.

As they go through the activities, it is hoped that they will find pleasure and enjoyment as
they express themselves in music experiences.
ii

In this part, you will be able to know the


What I Need to Know things that you will learn in this module.

This is a test given to you to check how far


you know about the lesson to take. If you
What I Know get 100%, skip the module, if 50% - 99%
proceed with module
This connects the current lesson with the
previously learned lesson through review
What’s In test or exercises.

This introduces the new lesson through a


What’s New story, a poem, song, situation, or an activity.

Discussion of the activity that will help you


What is It discover and understand the concept that
lead to formative assessment.
Guided and independent activities that will
What’s More enforce the lesson learned will be
presented in this part.

It contains questions or fill in the blanks


What I Have Learned sentence / paragraph to process what you
have learned from the lesson.

An activity will be given that shall transfer


What I Can Do your skills, knowledge gained or learned
into real – life situations.
This evaluates the level of mastery in
Assessment achieving the learning objectives.

Additional Activities In this part, you will be given an activity to


reinforce learning.

It contains all the correct answers in the


Answer Key activities of this module.

iii
To get the most out of this module, please be reminded of the following instructions:

1. Several learners will be using this module, so please handle this with care and
do all your work in separate sheets of paper in answering questions.
2. Read and carefully understand the instruction before answering any activity.
3. “Honesty is the Best Policy.” So, answer activity with honesty.
4. Answer the Pre-Assessment first before working on the activities. Then, perform
and answer all the activities before going to the next page.
5. As you work on the exercises, try to relate them to the objectives of this module.
What skill or strategy does the activity develop?
6. Go over the Answer Key at the back portion and pay attention to the items you
missed after each activity. Learn from your mistakes.
7. After working on all activities, take the Post Assessment then, return this module
afterwards.

If you find it hard to answer the activities, do not hesitate to ask assistance from
your teacher, parents, guardians, or anybody from your household who can assist you
to perform/answer the activities. Always bear in mind that you are not alone.
We are hoping that this module can help you learn and have a deep understanding
on the lesson. You can do it!

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What I Need to Know
In the content standards, learner demonstrates understanding of the rhythm by applying
notes and rest, rhythmic patterns, and time signatures. The learner responds to beats in
music heard with appropriate conducting patterns of 2/4, ¾, 4/4 and 6/8.

A time signature tells you how the music is to be counted. The time signature is written at the
beginning of the staff after the clef and key signature. Time signatures consist of two
numbers written like a fraction.

After going through this module, you are expected to:

1.Differentiates aurally among 2/4, 3/4, 4/4 and 6/8-time signatures.

What I Know

Are you ready to learn more?


But first we need to assess your knowledge in Music.
The next page is the pre-test. Don’t be afraid, you will
not be graded.
You may now go to the next page.
GOOD LUCK!

1
6. What is the time signature of Bahay- Kubo song?
a. 2/4 b. 3/4 c. 4/4 d. 6/8
7. The rhythm of this time signature is similar to the rhythm of your
feet when you march

a. 2/4 b. 3/4 c. 4/4 d. 6/8

2/4, 3/4, 4/4 and 6/8


Lesson TIME SIGNATURES
1

Talk about these

What is the importance of knowing the different time signatures?

How can you apply your knowledge of the different time signatures in singing or
playing music?

The time signature tells you how the music is to be counted. The time signature is
written at the beginning of the staff which indicates the number of beats in every measure
and the kind of note that receives one beat. Time signatures consist of two numbers written
like a fraction.
2
What’s In

Have you ever tried solving a puzzle? In a simple photo puzzle, one must put together the
pieces in the correct way to form the right image. This is very much the same in music. To
create good music, one must know how to organize or group the notes and rest in their
correct timing.

There are different kinds of notes and rest. Each kind has its own specific duration. Duration
is the length of time sound (note) or silence (rest) last. The diagram below shows the
different notes and rest with their durations in beats.

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Do It
Illustrate the following and write the correct value of each notes and rest

Notes/Rest Illustrate Value/No. of Beat


1.Whole notes

2.quarter note

3.Eight note

4.half note

5.half rest

6.whole rest

7. quarter rest

8.dotted quarter note

9. eight rest

10. dotted half note

Notes to the Teacher


In this lesson, the parent or any member of the
family will help to teach the tune of the songs
provided.

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What’s New
Try to examine the song “Hickory Dickory Dock”. Observe the beat of the song. Find this out
by clapping your hands or marching your feet. Just remember to give more emphasis on the
accented or stronger beats.

The pupils will sing the song, if they are not familiar with the song, the parents/
member of the family will teach the tune of the song.

Challenge Yourself
 What is the title of the song?
 What is the time signature of the song?
 What are the notes used in the song?
 How will you know if a measure or a song is in ¾ time signature?
 What is the meaning of the top number in a time signature?
 What is the meaning of the bottom number in a time signature?
 How are the values of notes and rest related to the time signature of a
song?

Remember
The time signature use in the song is 3/4-time signature. This kind of
time signature tells you that there are three beats in a measure and that the quarter note ( )
receives one beat.
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What is It

THE SIMPLE AND COMPOUND TIME SIGNATURES


The number of beats in a measure is determined by the set of numbers
written at the beginning of the musical score. These number make up the
time signature. The upper number indicates the number of beats there
must be in a measure while the lower number tells the kind of note that
will receive one beat. Time signatures consist of two numbers written like
a fraction.

The four most common time signatures in music are the following

2 Time Signature
4
 The rhythm is similar to the rhythm of your feet when you
march:
“left-right, left-right, 1-2, 1-2.” You start and stop marching on
the downbeat – beat 1
(post the music sheet of any songs with 2/4-time signature)

o What are the notes and rest and values used in the
song?
o How it is written at the beginning of the musical score?

 The top number of the time signature tells you how many
beats to count. This could be any number. Most often the
number of beats will fall between 2 and 12.
 The bottom number tells you what kind of note to count. That
is, whether to count the beat as quarter notes, eight notes, or
sixteenth notes. So, the only numbers you will see as the
bottom number (the denominator) will correspond to note
values.
Remember
2-time signature. This kind of time signature tells you
4 that there are two beats in a measure and that the quarter note ( )
receives one beat. Below is a rhythmic pattern that follows a 2/4-time
signature. The most appropriate action to be use in the rhythmic
pattern of a 2/4-time signature is marching. Try clapping it while
chanting the rhythmic syllables.

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Challenge Yourself
 What is the title of the song?
 What is the song all about?
 What is meant by 3 and 4?
 What are the notes and rest used in the son?
 What are the values of each note and rest in the ¾ time signature?
 How many beats are there in each measure?

3 Time signature
4
 A time signature of 3/4 means count 3 quarter notes to each bar.
This is an often-used time signature giving you a waltz
feel.1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3....

7
Again, the rhythms in each bar can be anything as long as they add
to 3-quarter notes. This is where time signatures start to seem
illogical and students often get confused.
How can 3 quarter notes add up to a whole measure? You have to
remember that all of our rhythmic terminology is based on 4/4 time
since it is the most common. You’ll just have to accept the fact that
music has some weird conventions just as any language. Think of all
the illogical ways similarly spelled English word are pronounced.

2. 3-time signature. This kind of time signature tells you t 4 three beats
in a measure and that the quarter note ( ) receives one beat.
Remember Complete the rhythmic pattern below. Follow the ¾ time signature.

4 Time Signature
4
 A time signature of 4/4 means count 4 (top number) quarter notes (bottom
number) to each bar. So the pulse or beat, is counted 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4 and so
on.
 That means all the notes in each bar must add up to 4 quarter notes. Any
combination of the rhythm can be used as long as they add up to 4 quarter
notes. For instance, a bar could contain 1 half note, 1 quarter note rest and 2
eight notes. Summed together they add to 4 quarter notes total. You can
never have more than or less than the sum total of the number of beats in the
time signature.

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Challenge Yourself
 What is the title of the song?
 What is the time signature of the song?
 What is meant by 4 (Top number) in the 4/4-time signature?
 What is meant by 4 (bottom number) in the 4/4-time signature?
 What are the notes and rest used in the song?
 What is the value of each note and rest used in the song?
 How are the values of notes and rest related to the time signature of a
song?
Remember
3. 4-time signature. This is the most common time signature
because it is often used in most musical compositions. This time signatures tells
you that there are four beats in a measure and that the quarter note receives one.

Challenge Yourself

 What is the title of the song?


 What is the time signature of the song?
 What is meant by 6 (Top number) in the 6/8-time signature?
 What is meant by 8 (bottom number) in the 6/8-time signature?
 What are the notes and rest used in the song?
 What is the value of each note and rest used in the song?
 How are the values of notes and rest related to the time signature of a song?

Remember
6-time signature
8
 A time signature of 6/8 means count 6 eight notes to each bar. This is
also a very often-used time signature. You would count the beat
1,2,3,4,5,6,1,2,3,4,5,6, and so on
 Now you will wonder why you cannot just reduce 6/8 to ¾. After all, they
add up to the same amount. One reason you might pick one-time
signature versus the other is how the music is organized 6/8 is grouped
into to 2 groups of 3 eight notes.3/4 time would be grouped into 3 groups
of 2 eight

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 notes. Depending on the structure of the bass line or song. It may make
sense to group it one way instead of the other. So 6/8 feels more like two,
while ¾ feels more like three.

4. There are compositions written in another time signature. In a compound time


signature, the beats are grouped or divided into three parts rhythms except for
the time signature that has 3 as the upper number. An example of this is the 6/8-
time signature. The upper number 6 means that there are six beats in every
measure and the number 8 below means that an eight note ( ) receives one
beat. Therefore, the whole note gets 8 beats, a half note 4 beats, and a quarter
note 2 beats.

What’s More

Do It.

Complete the pattern by adding notes and rest according to the given time
signature. (World …P.23)

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What I Have Learned

 Time signature is the number written at the beginning of the staff to indicate the
number of beats in every measure and the kind of note that receives one beat.
 The three simple time signatures are the 2/4, ¾, 4/4-time signatures.
 2 -Time signature.
4
 This kind of time signature tells you that the two beats in a measure and that
the quarter note ( ) receives one beat. Below is a rhythmic pattern that follows a
2/4-time signature. The most appropriate action to be use in the rhythmic
pattern of a 2/4-time signature is marching. Try clapping it while chanting the
rhythmic syllables.
 3 -Time signature
4
A time signature of ¾ means count 3 quarter notes to each bar. This is an
often-used time signature giving you a waltz feel.1,2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3....
 4 Time Signature
4
A time signature of 4/4 means count 4 (top number) quarter notes (bottom
number) to each bar. So the pulse or beat, is counted 1,2,3,4, 1,2,3,4 and so
on.

 6 time signature
8
A time signature of 6/8 means count 6 eight notes to each
bar. This is also a very often-used time signature. You would
count the beat 1,2,3,4,5,6,1,2,3,4,5,6, and so on

 An example of a compound time signature is the 6/8-time signature.

What I Can Do

Practice clapping the patterns below while chanting the rhythmic syllables. ( page 14 )

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Assessment

Directions: Choose and encircle the letter of the correct answer on the space provided
before each number.
1. What is the time signature of Bahay Kubo song?

a. 2/4 b. 3/4 c. 4/4 d. 6/8

2. The rhythm of this time signature is similar to the rhythm of your


feet when you march

b. 2/4 b. 3/4 c. 4/4 d. 6/8

3. What is the time signature of a bar that contains 1 half note, 1


quarter note rest and 2 eighth notes?

a. 2/4 b. 3/4 c. 4/4 d. 6/8

4.What is the value of (half rest) in 6/8-time signature?


a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4
5. What do you call this note?

a. dotted quarter note b. half note c dotted half note d. whole note

Additional Activities

Directions: Identify the time value of the notes and rests according to the given time
signature. P.22
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Key Answers

What I know
1. ¾
2. 4/4
3. ¾
4. 4/4
5. 2/4
6. B
7. A
8. D
9. B
10.D

What’s In

Note/rest Illustrate Value


1.whole note 4
2.quarter note 1
3.eight note ½
4.half note 2
5.half rest 2
6.whole rest 4
7.quarter rest 1
8.dotted quarter note 1
9.eight rest 1 1/2
10.dotted half note 3

What I Can Do

1.

2. answer may vary

3.

4.

Additional Activities

1. 2 / 2 / 1 / 1 ½ //
2. 2 / 1 / 1/ ½ //
3. 4 / 4 /3 //

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References

Apilado, Elitiong, Mathews. ENJOYING MAPEH 6.


Brilliant Creations Publishing, Inc. 2015

Lugue, Romabiles,Darilag, Sumayo. OUR WORLD OF MAPEH 6


Vibal Group, Inc. 2014

K TO 12 Teacher and Learner’s Guide in Physical Education Grade 6


K to 12 Curriculum Guide in Physical Education Grade 6
Internet/Online Sources

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For inquiries or feedback, please write or call:

Department of Education – Region VII, Central Visayas


Division of Guihulngan City

Address: Osmeña Ave., Poblacion, Guihulngan City

Telefax: (035)410-4069/ (035) 410-4006

Email Address: guihulngan.city@deped.gov.ph