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We Shine Study Circle


vd –2018
KbahJ[_iy vijAk; tpl;L
tplhNj..!!
Kad;Wghh; epr;rak;
KbAk;..!!
Main Office @

Weshine Study Circle


Chromepet, Chennai
Phone : 8939144344,8939244344

Branch Office @

Weshine Study Circle


Plot No: 47/60, "AK" Block, 7th Main Road, 3rd Floor,West Wing,Gokul Arcarde,
Annanagar,(Next To Metro Water Pump), No.2,Sardar Patel Road, Adyar
Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600040. Chennai, Tamilnadu 600020.

https://weshineacademy.com

2
nghUslf;fk;
04 - 08 jkpof epfo;Tfs;

08 - 25 ,e;jpa epfo;Tfs;

25 - 40 cyf epfo;Tfs;;

40 - 42 tpUJfs;

42 - 46 epakdq;fs;

46 - 54 mwptpay; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;gk;

54 - 61 tpisahl;L epfo;Tfs;

61 - 63 tu;j;jf epfo;Tfs;

63 - 72 Kf;fpa jpdq;fs;

72 Gj;jq;fs;

3
jkpof epfo;Tfs;

1. jfty; mwpAk; cupikr; rl;lk; vg;NghJ eilKiwf;F te;jJ?


tpil: mf;NlhgH 12> 2005
tpsf;fk;
 jfty; ngWk; cupikr; rl;lk; jkpo;ehL ,uz;lhkplk;
o jfty; ngWk; cupikr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; jfty;fis ngWk;
khepyj;jpy; jkpo;ehL ,uz;lhk; ,lk; tfpf;fpwJ.
o jfty; mwpAk; cupikr; rl;lk; mf;Nlhgu; 12> 2005 Mk; ehs; Kjy;
eilKiwf;F te;jJ

2. vjw;F jkpofj;jpy; cs;shl;rp Njh;jy; elj;j Kbatpy;iy vd jkpof muR


tpsf;fk; njhptpj;Js;sJ?
tpil: thf;fhsh; gl;bay; jahuhfhj fhuzj;jhy;
tpsf;fk;
 thf;fhsh;fs; gl;bay; jahuhfhj fhuzj;jhNyNa jkpofj;jpy; cs;shl;rp
NjHjy; elj;j Kbatpy;iy vd cr;rePjpkd;wj;jpy; jkpof muR tpsf;fk;
njhptpj;Js;sJ

3. mNkrhd; epWtdk; rhh;gpy; eilngw;w neLk; gilg;G Nghl;bapy; ntw;wp


ngw;wth; ahh;?
tpil : nre;jpy; ghyd;
tpsf;fk;
 mNkrhd; epWtdk; rhHgpy; eilngw;w neLk; gilg;G Nghl;bapy; nre;jpy;
ghyd; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;shH
o mNkrhd; epWtdk; cyfshtpa mstpy; elj;jpa Nghl;bapy; jkpo;
nkhopf;fhd neLk; gilg;G Nghl;bapy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;shH.
o “guq;fpkiy ,uapy; epiyak;” vd;w Gjpdj;jpw;fhf NjHthfpAs;shH.

4. /ghdp Gayhy; kpfTk; ghjpf;fg;gl;l khepyk;?


4
tpil : xb]h
tpsf;fk;
 /ghdp Gayhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l xb]h khepyj;jpw;F Gay; epthuzkhf &.10
Nfhb epjpAjtpia jkpof muR mwptpj;Js;sJ.
o fle;j 20 Mz;Lfspy; xb]hit jhf;fpa kpfg; nghpa GayhFk;.
kzpf;F 245 fp.kP Ntfj;jpy; tPrpaJ fhw;W.

5. ve;j jdpahh; njhopw;rhiyapy; gwitfs; ruzhyak; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ?


tpil : b.tp.v]; njhopw;rhiy
tpsf;fk;
 x#h; jdpahh; njhopw;rhiyapy; gwitfs; ruzhyak;
mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o b.tp.v]; njhopw;rhiyapy; 50 Vf;fh; gug;gpy; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,r;ruzhyaj;jpy; 120 tifahd gwitfs; jq;fpAs;sd.

6. ngz;fspd; ghJfhg;Gfhf kj;jpa muR mwpKfgLj;jpa ,ytr njhiyNgrp


Nrit vz; vd;d?
tpil: 181
tpsf;fk;
 ngz;fspd; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf njhlq;fg;gl;l 181 ,ytr njhiyNgrp
Nritia fz;fhzpf;f FO mikg;gjw;F r%feyj; Jiw
jpl;lkpl;L;s;sJ.
o ngz;fspd; ghJfhg;Gf;fhf kj;jpa muR mwpKfg;gLj;jpa 181
,ytr njhiyNgrp Nrit fle;j Mz;L brk;gh; 10-k; Njjp
jkpofj;jpy; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ. nrd;id mk;gj;J}hpy; cs;s mk;kh
fhy; nrd;lh; ikaj;jpd; xU gFjpapy; 181 ,ytr njhiyNgrp
vz;Zf;fhd ikak; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;j ikaj;jpy; kdey
MNyhrfh;fs;> jfty; njhopy;El;g ty;Yeh;fs;
gzpakh;j;jg;gl;Ls;sdh;. FLk;g td;Kiw> ngz;fSf;F vjpuhd
Fw;wq;fs; cs;spl;l gy;NtW gpur;ridfs; Fwpj;J ghjpf;fg;gl;l
ngz;fs; 181 ,ytr njhiyNgrp Nritapy; mioj;J njhptpj;J
tUfpd;wdh;.

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7. ,aw;if kw;Wk; tdtho; caphpd mwf;fl;lis fzf;nfLg;G vg;NghJ
eilKiwf;F te;jJ?
tpil: 1929-Mk; Mz;L Kjy;
tpsf;fk;
 Nryk; khtl;lj;jpy; cs;s fpof;F njhlh;r;rp kiyj;njhlh; cs;spl;l
gFjpfspy; 308 tif gwitfs; caph; tho;tjhf Nryk; ,aw;if kw;Wk;
tdtho; caphpd mwf;fl;;lis elj;jpa fzf;nfLg;gpy; njhpa
te;Js;sJ.
o 1929- Mk; Mz;L Kjy; ,e;j fzf;nfLg;G eilngw;W tUfpwJ.

8. nghUshjhuj;jpy; gpd;jq;fpath;fSf;F 10% ,lxJf;fPL toq;f


murpayikg;Gr; rl;lj;jpd; ve;j tpjpfis muR rl;l jpUj;jk; nra;Js;sJ?
tpil: tpjp 15 kw;Wk; 16.
tpsf;fk;
 nghUshjhu hPjpapy; gpd;jq;fpa nghJg;gphptpdUf;F 10% ,lxJf;fPl;Lf;F
topfhl;L newpKiwfis jkpof muR tUtha; Jiw ntspapl;Ls;sJ.
o jw;NghJ eilKiwapy; cs;s ,lxJf;fPl;Lf;fhd tuk;Gf;Fs;
tuhky; FLk;g Mz;L tUkhdk; &.8 yl;rj;Jf;Fs; tUgth;fs;
,e;j ,lxJf;fPl;il ngw KbAk;.
o ,jid eilKiwg;gLj;j ,e;jpa muR murpayikg;G gphpT 15
kw;Wk; 16–ia rl;l jpUj;jk; nra;Js;sJ.

9. thlif ePjpkd;wq;fs; ve;j rl;lj;jpd; fPo; njhlq;fg;gl cs;sJ?


tpil : jkpo;ehL cupikfs; xOq;FKiwfs; kw;Wk; Fj;jifahsu; kw;Wk;
epy cupikahsu;
tpsf;fk;
 thlif kw;Wk; xg;ge;jq;fs; njhlu;ghd tof;FfSf;F jPu;T fhz;gjw;fhf
jkpofj;jpy; nrd;id cs;spl;l 32 khtl;lq;fspYk; thlif
ePjpkd;wq;fis cUthf;f jkpo;ehL tPl;L trjp kw;Wk; efu;g;Gw
tsu;r;rpj;Jiw murhiz gpwg;gpj;Js;sJ. ,it> jkpo;ehL cupikfs;

6
xOq;FKiwfs; kw;Wk; Fj;jifahsu; kw;Wk; epy cupikahsu;fspd;
nghWg;Gfs; rl;lk;> 2017 ,d; gpupT 32 ,d; gb mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

10. 82 fp.kP J}uj;ij 3 kzp Neuj;jpy; irf;fpspy; fle;J rhjid Ghpe;j


khzth; ahh;?
tpil : mgpet;
tpsf;fk;
 GJr;Nrhpapy; ,Ue;J khky;yGuk; tiu 82fp.kP J}uj;ij 3 kzp Neuj;jpy;
irf;fpspy; fle;J 7 taJ khzth; mgpet; rhjid Ghpe;jhh;.

11. “vkp];” ,izajsk; jkpof murpd; ve;j Jiwahy; mwpKfk;


nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ?
tpil: gs;spf; fy;tpj;Jiw
tpsf;fk;
 khw;W rhd;wpjo;fspy; rhjpia Fwpg;gplf;$lhJ vd;W gs;spf; fy;tpj;
Jiw cj;juT gpwg;gpj;Js;sJ
o jkpof gs;spf; fy;tp Jiwapd; “vkp];” ,izajsk; %yk; ,dp
toq;fg;gLk; khw;W rhd;wpjo;fspy; rhjpapd; ngah; Fwpg;gplg;glhJ
vd gs;sp fy;tpj;Jiw njhptpj;Js;sJ.

12. “MA\;khd; ghuj;” jpl;lk; %yk; ehL KOtJk; vj;jid Nfhb Ngh;
gadilth;?
tpil: 50 Nfhb Ngh;
tpsf;fk;
 kj;jpa murpd; kUj;Jt fhg;gl
P ;L jpl;lkhd “MA\;khd; ghuj;” jpl;lj;ij
nray;gLj;j jkpof murpw;F &.293 Nfhbia kj;jpa muR xJf;fpAs;sJ.
o ehL KOtJk; 50 Nfhb NgUf;F kUj;Jt fhg;gL
P mspf;Fk; jpl;lk;
“MA\;khd; ghuj;” MFk;.

13. Gw;WNeha; vjph;g;G Nrh;kq;fis nfhz;bUe;J fhg;Ghpik ngwg;gl;l fhshdpd;


ngah; vd;d?
tpil: nyz;bd]; bAngNu[pak;
7
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpNyNa Kjy; Kiwahf jkpo;ehl;bd; Nkw;Fj; njhlh;r;rp
kiyfspy; fhzg;gLk; fhl;Lf; fhshd; tiffspypUe;J Gw;WNeha;
vjph;g;Gr; Nrh;kq;fis gphpj;njLg;gjw;fhd fhg;Ghpik toq;fg;gl;lJ.
,jid nkl;uh]; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; Xa;Tngw;w Nguhrphpah; ntq;fNlrd;
ftpaurDk; mtuJ Kidth;f;F gapYk; khzth; J.kQ;RehjDk;
fz;lwpe;Js;sdh;. Lentinus tuberregium vd;gJ mth;fs; fz;lwpe;j
fhshd; tifahFk;

,e;jpa epfo;Tfs;

1. kht;Y}`P Fif vq;F mike;Js;sJ?


tpil: Nkfhyah
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa Gtpapay; Ma;T ikaj;jpd; (GST) tlfpof;F gpuhe;jpak; (NER)
Nkfhyahtpy; cs;s ,uz;L Fiffspy; ,Uf;Fk; Gtpapay; jfty;fis
Muha Gtpapy; fhl;rp gyiffs; epWtg;gl;ld.
o kht;Y}`P Fif (Mawmluh cave) kw;Wk; njhpaf`j; (Therriaghat)
FiffNs me;j ,uz;L Kf;fpa Gtpapay; jsq;fshFk;

2. ,e;jpahtpy; kpfnghpa ];lhf;Nf rpw;gk; vq;F fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ?


tpil: njYq;fhdhtpd; #u;agPl;bYs;s gdpfpup vd;w ,lj;jpy;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa njhy;nghUs; Ma;thsh;fs; rkPgj;jpy; njYq;fhdh #u;agPl;bYs;s
gdpfpup vd;w ,lj;jpy; ngsj;j jsj;jpy; ,Ue;J ];lhf;Nfh rpw;gj;ij
fz;Lgpbj;jdu;
o me;j Jiw mjpfhupfspd; gb> ,J [lhfhrf;uj;jpd; Nghjprj;thtpy;
xd;W vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ
o ,J ,e;jpahtpy; ,Ue;J fpilj;j kpfg;ngupa ];;lhf;Nfh rpw;gk;
MFk;.

8
3. vj;jid nkhopfspy; ePl; NjHT eilngWfpwJ?
tpil: 11
tpsf;fk;
 ehL KOtJk; kUj;Jt gbg;Gf;fhd ePl; NjHT ,d;W eilngWfpwJ.
o Njrpa NjHTfs; Kfik ePl; NjHit elj;JfpwJ.
o jkpo; Mq;fpyk;> `pe;jp cs;gl 11 nkhopfspy; ePl; NjHT
eilngWfpwJ.
o /ghdp Gayhy; xb]htpy; xj;jpitg;G.

4. ghJfhg;G ifafg;gLj;jy; kd;wj;jpd; (Defence Acquisition Council) jiyth;


ahh;?
tpil: eph;kyh rPjhuhkd; (ghJfhg;G Jiw mikr;rh;)
tpsf;fk;
 thd;top mr;RWj;jy;fSf;F vjpuhf jdJ jpwid mjpfhpf;f u\;ahtplk;
,Ue;J fhNkh - 31 (kamov - 31) n`ypfhg;lh;fis thq;f ghJfhg;G
mikr;rfk; xg;Gjy; mspj;Js;sJ.
o jpl;lj;jpw;fhf 3600 Nfhb &gha; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
o eph;kyh rPjhuhkd; jiyikapyhd ghJfhg;G ifafg;gLj;jy;
kd;wj;jpd; $l;lj;jpy; ,e;j KbT vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

5. ,e;jpa fg;gy; gilapy; jw;NghJ cs;s tpkhdk; jhq;fp Nghh; fg;gy; vJ?
tpil : INS tpf;ukhjpj;ah
tpsf;fk;
 mjp etPd tpkhdk; jhq;fp Nghh; fg;giy fl;likf;f ,e;jpah-gphpl;ld;
,ilNa Ngr;Rthh;j;ij
o gphpl;ldpd; Fapd; vyprngj; fg;giy Nghd;W mjpetPd tpkhdk;
jhq;fp fg;giy cUthf;f jpl;lk;.
o ,e;jpahtplk; Vw;nfdNt 45>000 ld; vilAs;s INS tpf;ukhjpj;ah
fg;gy; cs;sJ. ,J 2004-k; Mz;L u\;ahtplk; ,Ue;J
thq;fg;gl;lJ.
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6. mjpetPd mg;ghr;rp fhh;bad; n`ypfhg;liu thq;f ,e;jpa tpkhdg; gil
ve;j epWtdj;Jld; xg;ge;jk; Nghlg;gl;;Ls;sJ?
tpil: Nghapq; epWtdk;.
tpsf;fk;
 Kjy; mjpetPd mg;ghr;rp fhh;bad; n`ypfhg;liu ,e;jpa tpkhd
gilaplk; toq;fpaJ mnkhpf;fhtpd; Nghapq; epWtdk;.
o ,e;jpa tpkhdg; gilAk;> mnkhpf;f muR kw;Wk; Nghapq;
epWtdj;Jld; AH – 64 E (I) – mg;ghr;rp fhh;bad; uf n`ypfhg;lh;fis
thq;f xg;ge;jk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;lJ.

7. cyfpd; KjyhtJ gpuhe;jpa kfsph; fphpf;nfl; gj;jphpf;if “CRICZONE” vq;F


njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ?
tpil: ,e;jpah
tpsf;fk;
 cyfpd; KjyhtJ gpuhe;jpa kfsph; fphpf;nfl; gj;jphpf;if “CRICZONE”
,e;jpahtpy; njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,e;jpa kfsph; fphpf;nfl; mzpapd; Jiz Nfg;ld; ];kpUjp ke;jdh
gj;jphpf;ifia njhlq;fp itj;Js;shh;.

8. ,e;jpa ghJfhg;G Jiw Muha;r;rp Nkk;ghl;L mikg;G DRDO cUthf;fpAs;s


Mspy;yh tpkhdj;jpd; ngah; vd;d?
tpil: mgpah]; (ABHYAS)
tpsf;fk;
 vjphp ehl;L tpkhdq;fs; cs;spl;l thd; ,yf;Ffis Jy;ypakhfj; jhf;fp
mopf;Fk; mg;ah]; (ABHYAS) Mspy;yh tpkhdj;ij ghJfhg;G Jiw
Muha;r;rp Nkk;ghl;L mikg;G (DRDO) ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjpj;jJ.
o ghyN\hh; gFjpapy; cs;s xUq;fpize;j Nrhjid tuk;G gFjpapy;
,e;j Nrhjid elj;jg;gl;lJ

10
o jw;Nghija DRDO jiyth; G. rj;jP]; nul;b Kd;dpiyapy;
Nrhjid epfo;j;jg;gl;lJ

9. gpurhh; ghujp mikg;gpd; jiyth; ahh;?


tpil: #h;a gpufh\;
tpsf;fk;
 J}h;jh;\d; mNkrhd; ,e;jpahTld; ,ize;J ,izaj;jpy; “Nrhtpdph;”
vd;w ,izajs th;j;jfj;ij Jtf;fpAs;sJ.
o ,e;j ,iza Nritia njhlq;fpa Kjy; ,e;jpa xspgug;G
FOkk; J}h;jh;\d; MFk;.
o gpurhh; ghujp mikg;gpd; jiyth; “#h;a gpufh\;” ,jid njhlf;fp
itj;jhh;.

10. I.eh-Tf;fhd ie[Phpa J}jh; ahh;?


tpil: jp[hdp KfkJ ghz;Nl
tpsf;fk;
 I.eh nghJ rigapd; mLj;j jiytuhf I.eh-Tf;fhd ie[Phpaj; J}jh;
jp[hdp KfkJ ghz;Nl Njh;e;njLf;f ,e;jpah jdJ Mjuit
njhptpj;Js;sJ vd I.eh-Tf;fhd ,e;jpa iraJ mf;g&jPd; njhptpj;jhh;
o 74-tJ I.eh nghJrig $l;lj;Jf;F> jp[hdp KfkJ ghz;Nlit
jiytuhf epakpf;f ,e;jpah Kaw;rp

11. ,e;jpahtpd; 14-tJ gpujku; ahH?


tpil: eNue;jpu Nkhb
tpsf;fk;
 ele;J Kbe;j 17- tJ kf;fsitf;fhd NjHjypy;> eNue;jpu Nkhb
jiyikapyhd Njrpa [dehaf $l;lzpia Ml;rp mikf;f uhk;ehj;
Nfhtpe; miog;G tpLj;Js;shH
o ,e;jpahtpd; 14-tJ gpujkuhf Nkhb kPz;Lk;
NjHe;njLf;fg;gLs;shH

11
12. “vjpHfl;rp jiytH” vd;w gjtp ve;j Mz;L rl;lG+Ht mq;fPfhuk; ngw;wJ?
tpil: 1977
tpsf;fk;
 17- tJ kf;fsit vjpHfl;rp jiytH ,y;yhky; nray;gltpUf;fpwJ.
o 1977- k; Mz;bd; vjpHf; fl;rpj; jiythpd; Cjpak; kw;Wk;
gbfs; vd;w ghuhSkd;w rl;lj;jpd; %yk; “vjpHf; fl;rp jiytH”
vd;w gjtp rl;lG+Ht mq;fPfhuk; ngw;wJ.
o vjpHfl;rp jiytuhf Fiwe;jgl;rk; 55 cWg;gpdHfis
nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.
o kf;fsitapd; Kjy; mjpfhug;G+Ht vjpHfl;rpj; jiytH “uhk;
Rgq; rpq;” MthH

13. epfohz;bd; \pUa; ypy;yp jpUtpoh> ve;j khepyj;jpy; nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ?


tpil: kzpg;g+u;
tpsf;fk;
 Vg;.28 md;W kzpg;g+upy; cs;s cf;Us; khtl;lj;jpy;> \pUa; ypy;yp
tpohtpd; 2tJ gjpg;G nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ. Moptpd; tpspk;gpypUf;Fk; \pUa;
ypy;ypapd; ghJfhg;G Fwpj;j tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;jTk;> cf;Us;
khtl;lj;ij kzpg;g+u; khepyj;jpd; xU Rw;Wyhj;jykhf Cf;Ftpf;fTk;
Ntz;b kzpg;g+u; khepy Rw;Wyhj;Jiwahy; ,e;j tpoh elj;jg;gLfpwJ.

12. `upahdh khepyj;jpd; jl;lk;ik kw;Wk; &ngy;yh jLg;g+rp Fwpj;j


gug;Giuf;fhf ey;nyz;z J}juhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,e;jpa Jg;ghf;fp RLk;
tPuh;/tPuhq;fid ahu;?
tpil: nfsup \pNahud; (Gauri sheoran)
tpsf;fk;
 ru;tNjr Jg;ghf;fp RL tPuhq;fid nfsup \pNahuid `upahdh khepy
muR jdJ jl;lk;ik kw;Wk; &ngy;yh (MR) jLg;g+rp gug;Giuf;fhd
ey;nyz;z J}juhf (Brand Ambassador) epakpj;Js;sJ. jl;lk;ik kw;Wk;

12
&ngy;yh jLg;g+rp gug;Giu epfo;tpd; njhlf;fj;jpd;NghJ mk;khepy
Kjy;tu; kNdhfu; yhy; fl;lhu; ,jid mwptpj;jhu;.
o ,g;gug;Giuapd; fPo;> Rkhu; 80 yl;rk; Foe;ijfSf;F (9 khjk;
Kjy; 15 taJ tiu) jLg;g+rp nrYj;jg;gLk;. ,g;gug;Giuf;fhf 11
elkhLk; kUj;Jt myFfis Kjy;tu; nfhbairj;J
njhlq;fpitj;jhu;. gug;Giuapd; %yk;> 2020-k; Mz;lstpy; ehl;by;
jl;lk;ikia Kw;whf xopg;gijAk; &ngy;yhit fl;Lf;Fs;
nfhz;L tUtijAk; murhq;fk; Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

13. capupj;njhopy;El;gk; Fwpj;J ,e;jpa muRf;Fk; ve;j ru;tNjr mikg;gpw;Fk;


,ilNa rl;luPjpahd cld;gbf;if ifnaOj;jhfpAs;sJ?
tpil: cyf tq;fp
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpy; tsh;eJ
; tUk; caphpj;njhopEl;g epWtdq;fisg; gyg;gLj;Jk;
tifapy;> mwptpay; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g mikr;rfj;jpd; caphpj;
njhopEl;gj; Jiw> midtiuAk; cs;slf;fpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfis
tpiuTgLj;jTk; caphpj;njhopEl;gj; njhopw;KidNthUf;F
mjpfhukspf;fTk; caphp kUe;J cw;gj;jpf; fz;Lgpbg;G Muha;r;rpia
tpiuTgLj;j njhopy;Jiw kw;Wk; fy;tpj;Jiw ,izg;Gf;fhd ,af;fk;
xd;iw Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ.
o ,t;tpaf;fk; $250 kpy;ypad; lhyu; nkhj;jr; nrytpy;> 50%
cyftq;fpf; flDld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. capup kUe;J
cw;gj;jpf;fhd rpwe;j> kypthd> GJikahd tbtikg;G kw;Wk;
cw;gj;jpj; njhFg;ghf ,e;jpahit Mf;FtNj ,e;j ,af;fj;jpd;
Nehf;fkhFk;.

14. ,e;jpahtpy; ePz;l fhykhf Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;jtu; ahu;?


tpil: gtd; rhk;ypq;
 rpf;fpkpd; Kjy;tu; gtd; rhk;ypq; ,e;jpa murpay;thjpfspy; Gjpa
rhjidiag; gilj;Js;shu;. njhlu;e;J mjpf Mz;Lfs; khepy
Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j rhjidia mtu; ngw;Ws;shu;. rpf;fpk; [dehaf

13
Kd;dzpapd; jiytuhf mtu;> 1994 brk;gu; 12y; Kjy;tuhdhu;.
mjd;gpwF njhlu;e;J 5tJ Kiwahf mtu; Ml;rpnra;J tUfpwhu;.
o ePz;l fhyk; Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;j Nkw;F tq;f Kd;dhs; Kjy;tu;
kiwe;j khu;f;rp];l; fk;a+];l; jiytu; N[hjpghRtpd; rhjidia
rhk;gpypq; Vg;.29 md;W Kwpabj;jhu;. 23 Mz;Lfs; 4 khjq;fs;> 17
ehl;fs; N[hjpghR Kjy;tuhf ,Ue;Js;shu;.

15. NITI MNahf; mly; Gjpa ,e;jpah rthy; jpl;lj;ij vg;NghJ njhlq;fpaJ?
tpil Vg;uy; 26
tpsf;fk;
 mly; fz;Lgpbg;G ,af;fj;jpd; fPo;> NITI MNahf; mikg;G> mly; Gjpa
,e;jpah rthy; vd;w jpl;lj;ij Vg;uy; 26 md;W njhlq;fpaJ. Ie;J
Jiwfspd; gq;Nfw;Gld; nray;gLj;jg;gLk; mly; Gjpa ,e;jpah rthy;
jpl;lj;jpw;fhf> mly; fz;Lgpbg;G ,af;fk;> Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;ghsu;fs; /
FW> rpW> eLj;juj; njhopy;KidNthu; / vOkpd; Mu;tyu;fs; %yk;
re;ijg;gLj;Jtjw;F Vw;w nghUl;fs; tbtikf;fg;glTs;sJ.
o gUtepiyf;F cfe;j etPd Ntshz;ik> etPdg; Nghf;Ftuj;Jr;
rhjdq;fs;> thfdg; guhkupg;G> fopTNkyhz;ik Nghd;w
Nju;en
; jLf;fg;gl;l 17 gpupTfspy; ntl;L tpspk;G njhopy;El;gk;
(Cutting Edge Technology) my;yJ Kd;khjpup njhopEl;gj;ijg;
gad;gLj;jpf; fz;Lgpbg;Gfis Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

16. ,e;jpahtpd; flw;gil gapw;rpahd tUzh 19.1 ve;j ehl;Lld; ,ize;J


elj;jg;gLfpwJ?
tpil: gpnuQ;R
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpah – gpnuQ;R ehLfSf;fpilNa flw;gil gapw;rpahd tUzh 19.1>
Nfhthtpy; Nk 1 Kjy; 10 tiu eilngWfpwJ.
o ,J 2 fl;lq;fspy; eilngWfpd;wJ.
o tUzh 19.2 vd;w ,uz;lhtJ gapw;rpahdJ Nk ,Wjpapy; [pg+l;bapy;
eilngwTs;sJ.
14
17. rkPgj;jpy; ,e;jpa ghJfhg;G mikr;rfj;jhy; flw;gilf;F xg;Gjy;
nfhLf;fg;gl;l n`ypfhg;lh;fs; vJ?
tpil: fhNkht; fh – 31
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa flw;gilf;F 10 “fhNkht; fh-31” (Kamov ka – 31) vd;Dk; thd;top
Muk;g vr;rhpf;if kw;Wk; fl;Lg;ghL n`ypfhg;lh;fis thq;Ftjw;fhd
xg;Gjiy ghJfhg;G mikr;rfk; mspj;Js;sJ.
o ,jDs; INS tpf;uhz;l; (INS Vikrant) kw;Wk; fphpNfhNuhtpr; tif
Nghh;f;fg;gy;fSk; mlq;Fk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ kw;Wk; ,jw;fhf
&. 3600 Nfhb nrythFk; vd;W fzf;fplg;gl;Ls;sJ.

18. re;jpuhad; -2 vj;jid njhFjpfis nfhz;Ls;sJ?


tpil: 3
tpsf;fk;
 [Piy 9 Kjy; [Piy 16> 2019 f;Fs; re;jpuhad; tpz;fyj;ij tpz;zpy;
Va;Jtjw;fhd eltbf;if eilngw;W tUfpwJ kw;Wk; ,J epytpy;
nrg;lk;gh; - 6> 2019 md;W jiuapuq;Fk; vd;W vjph;ghh;f;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ,e;jpahtpd; ,uz;lhtJ jpl;lkhd ,J %d;W njhFjpfshf
gphpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o Mh;gpl;lh;> Nyz;lh; (tpf;uk;) kw;Wk; Nuhth; (gpuf;ahd;) vd;gjhFk;.

19. ve;j tif thfdq;fspy; gr;irepw gyiffs; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;?


tpil: kpd;rhu thfdk;
tpsf;fk;
 kj;jpa murhdJ midj;J khepy Nghf;Ftuj;J JiwfSf;Fk; midj;J
tifahd gioa kw;Wk; Gjpa kpd;rhu thfdq;fSf;Fk; gr;irepw
gyiffis gad;gLj;j cj;jutpl;Ls;sdh;.
o ,J gr;irepw gyif nfhz;l thfdq;fSf;F rpwg;G rYiffshf
ghh;fpq;> ,ytr neLQ;rhiyfspy; EioT kw;Wk; Rq;fthpapy;
rYif Nghd;wit mspg;gjw;F cjTk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
15
20. rPdh - ,e;jpah ,ilapyhd vy;iy th;j;jfj;jpd; 14-tJ gjpg;G vq;F
eilngw;wJ?
tpil: ehJyh
tpsf;fk;
 ehJyhtpy; 14-tJ gjpg;ghd tUlhe;jpuk; eilngWk; rPdh - ,e;jpah
vy;iyapy; th;j;jfk; eilngw;wJ.
o ,J Nk 1 Kjy; etk;gh; 30 tiu thuj;jpw;F 4 ehl;fshf 6
khjq;fs; eilngWk;

21. cyf Gfo;ngw;w rh;jhk; ahj;uh vq;F eilngWfpwJ?


tpil: cj;ufhz;l;
tpsf;fk;
 cyf Gfo;ngw;w rh;jhk; ahj;uh cj;ufhz;by;; njhlq;fpaJ.
o fq;Nfhjhp kw;Wk; aKNehjhp ahj;hf
P h;fSf;fhf jpwe;J
tplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,J ml;rah jphpjpia Kd;dpl;L nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ.
o aKNehj;hp> fq;Nfhj;hp> Nfjhh;ehj; kw;Wk; gj;hpehj; Mfpa ehd;F
ahj;hf
P ];jyq;fSk; ,izj;J rh;jhk; vd;wiof;fgLfpd;wd.

22. “rpd;ghd; igj;jf;” ve;j mikr;rfj;jhy; elj;jg;gl;lJ?


tpil : MNRE
tpsf;fk;
 Gjpa kw;Wk; GJg;gpf;fjf;f vhprf;jp mikr;rfk; (MNRE), GJg;gpf;fjf;f
vhprf;jp Jiwapd; midj;J gq;Fjhuh;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; elj;jpaJ.
o MNRE –My; elj;jg;gl;l “rpd;lhd; igj;jf;” $l;lk; ,JNt Kjy;
KiwahFk;.

23. “Group Sail” flw;gapw;rpahdJ vq;F eilngw;wJ?


tpil : njd; rPdh fly; gFjpapy;
tpsf;fk;
16
 ,e;jpahtpd; ,U flw;gil fg;gy;fshd I.vd;.v]; nfhy;fj;jh kw;Wk;
I.vd;.v];.rf;jp Mfpait njd; rPdh fly; gFjpapy; mnkhpf;fh [g;ghd;
kw;Wk; gpypg;igd;]; cld; ,ize;J flw;gapw;rpapy; <Lgl;ldh;.
o ,J Nk 3 njhlq;fp Nk 9 tiu eilngw;wJ. NkYk; ,jd; ngah;
“F&g; nrapy;” (Group Sail) vd;gjhFk;.

24. ntrhfpd; 16tJ If;fpa ehLfspd; jpd khehL vq;F eilngWfpwJ?


tpil : tpal;ehk;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpd; Jiz [dhjpgjpahd ntq;ifah ehAL> 4 ehs; gazkhf
tpal;ehk; nrd;Ws;shh;.
o mq;F ntrhfpd; 16tJ If;fpa ehLfspd; jpd khehl;by; fye;J
nfhs;s cs;shh;.
o ,e;j gazk; njd;fpof;F Mrpa ehLfSld; ,e;jpahtpw;F cs;s
cwit tYg;gLj;Jk; vd;W vjph;ghh;f;fg;gLfpwJ.

25. JzpT kw;Wk; jiyikj;Jtj;Jf;fhd elg;ghz;bd; nkf;ifd; epWtd


tpUij ntd;Ws;sth; ahh;?
tpil: rhah rh;kh
tpsf;fk;
 eph;gah $l;L ghypay; td;Gzh;T & nfhiy tof;fpd; tprhuizf;
FOtpw;F jiyik jhq;fpa IPS mjpfhhp rhah rh;khtpw;F 2019 JzpT
kw;Wk; jiyikj;Jtj;Jf;fhd nkf;ifd; (McCain) epWtd tpUJ
toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o jdJ njhopy;Jiw tho;f;ifapy;> czh;r;rpkpF Fw;wtpay;
tof;Ffs; kw;Wk; kdpj chpikfs; ghJfhg;gpd; Gydha;T
FOf;fSf;F ,th; jiyik jhq;fpAs;shh;.

26. fh;ehlfh cah;ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Gjpa jiyik ePjpgjp ahh;?


tpil: mig rPdpthr xfh
tpsf;fk;
17
 fh;ehlf cah;ePjpkd;wj;jpd; Gjpa jiyik ePjpgjpahf ePjpgjp mig
rPdpthr xfh gjtp Vw;whh;. fh;ehlf MSeh; t[_gha; R thyh> MSeh;
khspifapy; ePjpgjp xfhTf;F gjtpg; gpukhzk; nra;Jitj;jhh;.
o xyp khRghL ehj;jpfthjpfspd; chpikfs; kw;Wk; muR
tpz;zg;gg; gbtq;fspy; ‘kjk; mw;wth’; vdf; Fwpg;gpLk; chpik>
kfhuh\;buhtpy; khl;biwr;rp jil ePf;fy; kw;Wk; rpiw
rPh;jpUj;jq;fis Cf;Ftpj;jy; Nghd;wit ePjpgjp xfhtpd;
Fwpg;gplj;jf;f jPh;gG
; fshFk;.

27. ntt;ntW tz;zq;fspy; 10&> 20&> 50&> 100&> 200&> 500&> 2000&
jhs;fis mwpKfk; nra;jpUe;j tq;fp vJ?
tpil : hprh;t; tq;fp
tpsf;fk;
 hprh;t; tq;fpahy; kPz;Lk; Gjpa &gha; Nehl;Lfs; mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ.
o gzkjpg;gpog;G eltbf;iff;F gpwF murhq;fk; Gjpa &gha;
Nehl;Lfis mwpKfk; nra;jJ. ntt;ntW tz;zq;fspy; 10&> 20&>
50&> 100&> 200&> 500&> 2000& jhs;fis mwpKfk; nra;jpUe;jJ
o jw;NghJ Gjpa tbtpyhd 10&gha; Nehl;il ntspapl hprh;t; tq;fp
KbT nra;jpUf;fpwJ. ,jpy; fth;dh; rf;jpfhe;j jh]pd;
ifnaOj;J kw;Wk; ‘ghuj;’ vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; vOjg;gl;l
nrf;A+hpl;b jpul; ,lk; ngw;wpUf;Fk;. ,lJ gf;fkhf mr;rplg;gLk;
Mz;Lk;> ];tr; ghuj; NyhNfhTk; ,lk; ngWk; vd hprh;t; tq;fp
mwptpj;Js;sJ. NkYk; ,e;j GJ 10&gha; jhs; ntspahdhYk;
vg;NghJk; Nghy gioa 10&gha; jhs;fSk; nry;YgbahFk; vd
hprh;t; tq;fp njhptpj;Js;sJ.

28. rkPgj;jpy; ,e;jpa tpkhdg;gil Nrhjid nra;j VTfizapd; ngah; vd;d?


tpil: Brah Mos VTfiz
tpsf;fk;

18
 ,e;jpa tpkhdg;gil gpuhNkh]; (Brah Mos) fhw;W top VTfizia Su-30
MK1 vd;Dk; Nghh; tpkhdj;ij nfhz;L ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid
nra;Js;sdh;.

29. rh;tNjr gy;Yaph;jd;ik jpdj;ij Kd;dpl;L ,e;jpa tpkhd epiyaq;fspy;


elj;jg;gl;l gpurhuj;;jpd; ngah; vd;d?
tpil: Not all Animals migrate by choice
tpsf;fk;
 rh;tNjr gy;Yaph; jd;ik jpdj;ijnahl;b ,e;jpah KOtJk; “midj;J
tpyq;FfSk; tpUg;gj;jpdhy; ,lk; ngaUtjpy;iy” (Not all Animals
migrate by choice) vd;Dk; gpurhu Kaw;rpd;ik midj;J tpkhd
epiyaq;fspy; elj;jpdh;.

30. Nyhf; rgh Njh;jypy; mjpfkhd thf;Fg;gjpT eilngw;w Mz;L vJ?


tpil: 2019
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa Njh;jy; Mizaj;jpd;gb> 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; Nyhf; rgh Njh;jypy;
67.10% (,ilf;fhy) rjtPjk; thf;Fg;gjpT eilngw;wJ> ,J nghJj;
Njh;jy;fspd; tuyhw;wpy; kpf mjpfkhd thf;Fg;gjpthFk;

31. ,e;jpa tpkhd gilapy; Nghh; tpkhdpahf Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;l Kjy; ngz;


ahh;?
tpil : mthdp rJh;Ntjp
tpsf;fk;
 mthdp rJh;Ntjp ,e;jpa tpkhd gilapy; Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;l Kjy; ngz;
Nghh; tpkhdp Mthh;.

32. 2019 Mz;bd; mjpf ,iza jhf;Fjyhy; ghjpg;gila $ba efuk; vJ?
tpil : Kk;ig
tpsf;fk;

19
 2019 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd ,iza jhf;Fjyhy; kpfTk; ghjpf;fg;gl $ba 15
efuq;fspd; gl;baypy; Kk;ig Kjypy; cs;sJ.
o mjid njhlh;e;J nly;yp> ngq;fSh; kw;Wk; nfhy;fj;jh cs;sJ.
o ,jid $apf; `py; ghJfhg;G Ma;tfk; ntspapl;Ls;sJ.
o tUlhe;jpu mr;RWj;jy; mwpf;if 2019-,d; gb mjpf Mgj;jpy;
kfhuh\;buh> nly;yp kw;Wk; Nkw;F tq;fhsk; Mfpa ehLfs;
cs;sd vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

33. cyf nghUshjhu #o;epiy kw;Wk; tha;g;Gfs; mwpf;if ahuhy;


ntspaplg;gLk;?
tpil : If;fpa ehLfshy;
tpsf;fk;
 If;fpa ehLfshy; ntspaplg;gLk; cyf nghUshjhu #o;epiy kw;Wk;
tha;g;Gfs; mwpf;if – 2019,d; kj;jpa Mz;L mwptpg;gpd; gb 2020-Mk;
Mz;by; ,e;jpa nghUshjhuk; 7.1% tsh;r;rp milAk; vd;W
vjph;ghf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ,J tYthd cs;ehl;L Efh;T kw;Wk; KjyPL Mfpatw;why;
Mjhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

34. xbrhtpd; Gjpa Kjyikr;rh; ahh;?


tpil : etPd; gl;ehaf;
tpsf;fk;
 xbrhtpd; Gjpa Kjyikr;ruhf gp[p [djh-tpd; jiytuhd etPd;
gl;ehaf; gjtp Vw;Ws;shh;.
o ,th; xbrhtpd; 27tJ mikr;ruitapd; jiytuhthh;.

35. cyfpd; 5-tJ kpf caukhd kiy vJ?


tpil : kf;fY kiy (Mount Makalu)
tpsf;fk;
 kf;fY kiyia Kjd;; Kjyhf xU ,e;jpa ngz;zhd gphpaq;fh
nkh`pl;b Vwp rhjid Ghpe;Js;shh;.

20
o ,J cyfpd; 5-tJ kpf caukhd kiy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
NkYk; mjd; cauk; 8>481 kPl;luhFk;.

36. NSIL- ,d; Fwpf;Nfhs; vd;d?


tpil : ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp jpl;lq;fspy; njhopy;Jiwapd; gq;if
cah;j;JtJ.
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rp epiyak; (ISRO) jdJ Gjpa tzpf
epWtdkhd epa+];Ng]; ,e;jpah ypkpnll; (New space India Limited – NSIL)
– I ngq;fShpy; njhlq;fAs;sJ.
o ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp jpl;lq;fspy; njhopy; Jiwapd; gq;Ffis
cah;j;JtNj ,jd; Fwpf;NfhshFk;.

37. Kjy; tif 10% caphp vhpnghUis nfhz;l fyitiaf; nfhz;L


,aq;Fk; ,e;jpa tpkhd gilapd; tpkhdk; vJ?
tpil: “AN-32”
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa tpkhd gilapd; “AN-32” tpkhdkhdJ thdpy; gazk; nra;a
Kiwahd mDkjp toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,jpy; gad;gLj;Jk; vhpnghUshdJ> 10% rjtPjk; cs;ehl;;L caphp
vhpnghUs; fyitiaf; nfhz;Ls;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
o ,e;j cs;ehl;L caphp vhpnghUs; Kjy; Kjypy; 2013 Mk; Mz;L
CSIR-11P My; jahhpf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

38. khepy muRfSf;F gpsh];bf;if mfw;Wtjw;fhd jpl;l tiuaiwia


mspf;f $wp Vg;uy; 30 tiu fhyf;nfL nfhLj;jJ ve;j epWtdk;?
tpil: Njrpa gRik jPh;gg
; hdak;
tpsf;fk;
 kj;jpa khRf; fl;Lg;ghl;L thhpaj;jpd; gb 25 khepy muRfshdJ
gpsh];bf; fopTfis mfw;Wtjw;fhd Kiwahd nray; jpl;lj;ij
rkh;gg
; pf;fhky; cs;sJ vd;W mwpf;ifapy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.
21
o ,jw;fhd fhyf;nfLit Njrpa gRikj; jPh;g;ghdak; Vg;uy; 30 vd;W
jPh;khdpj;jpUe;jJ.
o ,e;j fhyf;nfL Kbe;j epiyapy; me;j 25 khepyq;fSf;F
Rw;Wr;#oy; ,og;gPL njhifahf &.1 Nfhb mguhjk;
mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jpy; jkpo;ehLk; mlq;Fk; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

39. rpf;fpkpd; Kjyikr;rh; ahh;?


tpil: P.S. NfhfNy
tpsf;fk;
 P.S.NfhfNy vd;wiof;fg;glf; $ba gpNuk; rpq; jkhq; rpf;fpkpd;
Kjy;tuhf gjtp Vw;Ws;shh;.
o ,th; rpf;fpk; fpuhe;jpfhp Nkhh;r;rh (SRM) vd;Dk; fl;rpapd;
jiyth; vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

40. Efh;Nthh; Ez;zwpT epWtdk; ntspapl;Ls;s mwpf;ifapd; gb ,e;jpahtpy;


kpfTk; ek;gfkhd tpisahl;L tPuh; ahh;?
tpil: tpuhj; Nfhyp
tpsf;fk;
 Efh;Nthh; Ez;zwpT epWtdk; ntspapl;Ls;s mwpf;ifapd; gb
,e;jpahtpd; kpfTk; ek;gfkhd tpisahl;L tPuuhf tpuhj; Nfhyp
Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
o ,tiu njhlh;e;J rr;rpd; nlz;Ly;fh; cs;shh; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

41. ,e;jpahtpd; kpfTk; ,isa taJ ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpdh; ahh;?


tpil: re;jpuhzp Kh;K
tpsf;fk;
 goq;Fbapdr; r%fj;ijr; Nrh;e;j re;jpuhzp Kh;K vd;w ngz;kzp
kf;fsitj; Njh;jypy; xbrhtpd; fpNahd;[;`hh; njhFjpapy; ntw;wp ngw;W
rhjid gilj;Js;shh;.

22
o ,th; 25 Mz;Lfs; 11 khjq;fs; kl;LNk epuk;gpa ehlhSkd;wj;jpd;
kpf ,isa taJ cWg;gpduhf cUntLj;Js;shh;
o ,jw;F Kd;G `hpahdhtpd; `prhh; njhFjpapypUe;J
Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;l J\;ae;j; rTjyh vd;gth; kpf ,isa taJ
ehlhSkd;w cWg;;gpduhf tpsq;fpdhh;. ,th; jdJ 26-tJ tajpy;
ehlhSkd;w cWg;gpduhdhh;.

42. xh;r;rh efuk; vq;Fs;sJ?


tpil: kj;jpa gpuNjrk;
tpsf;fk;
 kj;jpa gpuNjrj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; xh;r;rh efuk; UNESCO-tpd; ghuk;ghpa
,lq;fspd; jw;fhypf gl;baypy; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,J ge;jpyh>(Bundeela) ,uh[ tk;rj;jpy; xU fl;llfiy ghzpahy;
cUthdjhFk;

43. NSSO tpd; tphpthf;fk; vd;d?


tpil: National Sample Survey Office
tpsf;fk;
 Gs;spapay; kw;Wk; jpl;l mkyhf;f mikr;rfj;jpd; (MOSPI) fPo; Njrpa
khjphp Ma;T mYtyfk; (NSSO) kw;Wk; kj;jpa Gs;;spapay; mYtyfk;
(CSO) xd;wpizf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W ntspNaWk; NDA murhdJ
Kd;nkhope;Js;sJ.

44. ,e;jpa Njh;jy; Mizak; ve;j gphptpd; fPo; jq;fshy; mwptpf;fg;gl;l


Kbit FbauR jiythplk; rkh;gpj;jJ?
tpil: kf;fs; gpujpepjpj;Jt rl;lk;> 1951-d; gphpT 73 –d; fPo;
tpsf;fk;
 kf;fs; gpujpepjpj;Jtr; rl;lk;> 1951-d; gphpT 73-d; fPo; jq;fshy;
toq;fg;gl;l mwptpf;ifapd; efiy ,e;jpaj; Njh;jy; Mizak; FbauRj;
jiythplk; rkh;gg
; pj;jJ

23
o gphpT 73 MdJ kf;fsitf;fhd nghJj; Njh;jypd; KbTfs; kw;Wk;
FbauRj; jiytuhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l cWg;gpdh;fspd; ngah;fs;
Mfpatw;iw ntspapLjiyg; gw;wpf; $Wfpd;wJ. ,e;j
mwptpf;iff;Fg; gpd;G rig my;yJ mit mjpfhug; G+h;tkhf
mikf;fg;gLk;.

45. Me;jpu gpNujrj;jpd; Kjy;th; ahh;?


tpil: n[fd; Nkhfd; nul;b
tpsf;fk;
 Me;jpug; gpuNjr Kjy;tuhf xa;v];Mh; fhq;fpu]; fl;rpapd; jiyth;
n[fd;Nkhfd; nul;b (46) tpahof;fpoik gjtpNaw;fpwhh;.
o njYq;fhdh gphptpidf;Fg; gpwF> Me;jpuj;jpd; 2-MtJ Kjy;tuhf
mth; nghWg;Ngw;f ,Uf;fpwhh;.

46. ve;j \uj;jpd; fPo; FbauRj; jiyth; gpujkiu epakpg;ghh;?


tpil: \uj;J 75 (1)
tpsf;fk;
 ehl;bd; gpujkuhf eNue;jpu Nkhb ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf gjtpNaw;f
,Uf;fpwhh;.
o ,e;jpa murpayikg;gpd; \uj;J 75(1)d; fPo; jd;dplk; cs;s
mjpfhuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp FbauRj; jiyth; ,uhk;ehj; Nfhtpe;j;
,e;jpahtpd; gpujkuhf Nkhbia epakpg;ghh;.

47. ,e;jpahtpd; kpf nghpa jput i`l;u[d; Nrkpg;G njhl;b vq;Fs;sJ?


tpil: Me;jpu khepyk;> rpj;J}H
tpsf;fk;
 Me;jpu khepyj;jpd; rpj;J}u; khtl;lj;jpy; = efupy; tp. Mu;. tp Mrpa
grpgpf; cw;gj;jp njhopw;rhiyapy; ,e;jpahtpd; kpfg;ngupa jput
i`l;u[d; Nrkpg;G njhl;b ,];Nuh jiytu; Nf.rptd; mtu;fshy;
njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,J Nkf; ,d; ,e;jpah tpd; fPo; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

24
48. 2022 k; Mz;L jpl;lkplg;gl;l ffdad; jpl;lj;jpw;fhf ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp
Muha;r;rpf; fofk; (ISRO) vjDld; Gupe;Jzu;T xg;ge;jj;jpy;
ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;sJ?
tpil: ,e;jpa tpkhdg;gil (IAF)
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa tpkhdg;gil (IAF) ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rpf; fofk; (ISRO)
cld; 2022 k; Mz;L jpl;lkplg;gl;l ffdad; jpl;lj;jpw;fhf gapw;rpf;fhd
xU Gupe;Jzu;T xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;sJ

49. mUzhr;ry gpuNjrj;jpd; Kjyikr;rH ahH?


tpil: ngkh fhe;J
tpsf;fk;
 ghujPa [djh fl;rpia (gpN[gp) Nru;e;j ngkh fhe;J mUzhr;ry
gpuNjrj;jpd; Gjpa Kjyikr;ruhf gjtpNaw;whu;
o mtu; mUzhr;ry gpuNjrj;jpd; 10 tJ Kjyikr;ru; Mthu;

cyf epfo;Tfs;

1. Tianhai – II – 01 vd;w nraw;if Nfhis tpz;zpy; nrYj;jpa ehL vJ?


tpil rPdh
tpsf;fk;
 rPdhthdJ jha+thd; nraw;ifNfhs; VTjsj;jpypUe;J jhapd;`{a; II -01
(Tianhai – II -01) vd;w ,uz;L nraw;ifNfhs;fis Va;jpAs;sdu;.
o ,e;j VTjsj;ij Ng]; - 25 vd;wiog;gu.;
o ,e;j nraw;if Nfhs;fis rhq;n[q; - 4B vd;w uhf;nfl; %yk;
nrYj;jg;gl;lJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

2. rh;tNjr ngsj;j khehL vq;F eilngw;wJ?


tpil : Yk;gpdp efh;

25
tpsf;fk;
 Vg;.29 md;W ru;tNjr ngsj;j khehL nfsjk Gj;jupd; gpwe;j ,lkhd
Yk;gpdp efupy; eilngw;wJ. ,J 2562 tJ ngsj;j n[ae;jp
nfhz;lhl;lq;fspd; xU gFjpahf Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lJ. ,e;j khehl;bd;
mbg;gil Nehf;fk; nfsjk Gj;jupd; Nghjidfis gug;GtJk;> ru;tNjr
r%fq;fspilNa mwtop> rNfhjuj;Jtk;> xj;Jiog;G> md;G kw;Wk;
mikjp Mfpatw;wpd; nra;jpfis gug;GtJkhFk;.
o ‘Yk;gpdp Neghsk;: ngsj;jupd; gpwg;gplk; kw;Wk; ngsj;jkjk; kw;Wk;
cyf rkhjhdj;jpd; eP&w;W – Lumbini Nepal: The Birthplace Of Lord
Buddha And The Fountain Of Buddhism And World Peace’ vd;w
fUg;nghUs;.

3. rkPgj;jpy; ,yq;ifapy; jilnra;ag;gl;l njhiyf;fhl;rp rhdy;(Channel) vJ?


tpil: gP]; njhiyf;fhl;rp
tpsf;fk;
 ,yq;ifapy; ele;j gaq;futhj epfo;Tfis mLj;J ,yq;if murhdJ
gaq;futhjj;ij Cf;Ftpf;Fk; jPtputhj fUj;jpapiy gpur;rhuk; nra;Ak;
egu;fis jLf;f cj;jutpl;Ls;sJ.
o mjd; tpisthf K];yPk; kjFU [hfpu; ehapf;fpd; njhiyf;fhl;rp
kw;Wk; rhl;biyl; nel;nthh;f;fhd gP]; njhiyf;fhl;rp (Peace TV)
jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,e;jpahtpy; ,e;j njhiyf;fhl;rp ,jw;F Kd;
jilnra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

4. Kjd; Kjyhf Rw;Wr;#oy; khw;wj;jpw;fhf mtru epiyia


gpufldg;gLj;jTs;s ehL vJ?
tpil: ,q;fpyhe;J
tpsf;fk;
 ,q;fpyhe;J ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; xU Kd;khjpup eltbf;ifahf Rw;W#oy;
(k) fhyepiyf;fhf mtru epiyf;fhd gpufldj;ij epiwNtw;w cs;sJ.
o ,J fhyepiy khw;wj;ij ifahStjpd; mtruj;ij Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

26
5. Sovereign Internet vd;Dk; kNrhjhit njhlq;fpa ehL vJ?
tpil: u\;ah
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 2> 2019 Mk; ehs; u\;a [dhjpgjpahd tpshbkpHGl;bd;> rhntnua;q;
,izajsk; (Sovereign Internet) vd;Dk; kNrhjhtpy; ifnaOj;jpl;lhH.
o ,J me;ehl;bd; ,izaj;ij jdpikg;gLj;jTk; me;ehl;L
mjpfhhpfshy; fl;LgLj;jTk; toptFf;Fk;.

6. rkPgj;jpy; If;fpa ehLfspd; ghJfhg;G rigahy; gaq;futhjp vd;W


mwptpf;fg;gl;ltH ahH?
tpil: k#j; m\hH
tpsf;fk;
 If;fpa ehLfspd; ghJfhg;G rig> ghfp];jhid jskhff; nfhz;l
n[a;\; - ,- Kfkjpd; jiytuhd k#j; m\hiu cyfshtpa
gaq;futhjp vd;W KbT nra;Js;sdu;.
o ,e;j mwptpg;G ,e;jpa J}ju; kw;Wk; I.eh.tpd; epue;ju gpujpepjp
iraj; mf;gUjPd; MfpNahuhy; ntspaplg;gl;lJ.

7. Ig;ghdpd; 126-tJ Nguuruhf Kb#b nfhz;ltH ahH?


tpil: eU`pNlh
tpsf;fk;
 [g;ghdpd; 126 MtJ Nguuruhf eU`pNlh Gjd;fpoik
Kb#bf;nfhz;lhH. [g;ghd; NguurH mfp`pNlh KJik fhuzkhf
nrt;tha;f;fpoik mupaiz Jwe;jhu;. mj;Jld; [g;ghdpd; n`a;Nra;
rfhg;jKk; Kbtf;F te;jJ. ,ijj; njhlHe;J [g;ghdpd; Gjpa
rfhg;jkhd nua;th (mofpa ey;ypzf;fk;) Nk1 Mk; Njjp njhlq;fpaJ.

8. nrwpt+l;lg;gl;l ANudpaj;ij <uhd; Vw;Wkjp nra;tjw;F jil tpjpg;gjhf


mwptpj;j ehL vJ?
tpil : mnkhpf;fh
tpsf;fk;

27
 nrwpT+l;lg;gl;l ANudpaj;ij <uhd; Vw;Wkjp nra;tjw;F jil tpjpg;gjhf
mnkhpf;fh mwptpj;Js;sJ.

9. kd;dh; t[;uhyq;fuz; ve;j tk;rj;ij Nrh;e;jth;?


tpil: rf;hp
tpsf;fk;
 jha;yhe;jpd; 10-tJ kd;duhf t[;uhyq;fuz; Kb #l;bf;nfhz;lhh;.
o ,th; rf;hp tk;rj;jpd; 10-tJ kd;duhf t[;uhyq;fuz; Kb
#bf;nfhs;fpwhh;.

10. mnkhpf;fhtpd; `P];ld; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpy; cs;s fl;llnkhd;Wf;F


ahUila ngah; itf;fg;gl;lJ?
tpil: Jh;fh mfh;thy; (k) RrPyh mfh;thy;
tpsf;fk;
 mnkhpf;fhtpd; `P];ld; gy;fiy fofj;jpYs;s fl;llnkhd;Wf;F> ,e;jpa
tk;rhtspiar; Nrh;e;j Jh;fh mfh;thy; (k) RrPyh mfh;thy; ngah;
itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
 gy;fiy fof Nguhrpupah;fshd ,UtUk; Ma;Tg; gzpfspy; rpwe;j
gq;fspg;G toq;fpajw;F ,e;j nfsutk; mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

11. IBSA n\h;gh]; $l;lk; vq;F eilngw;wJ?


tpil: Nfhr;rpd;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpah> gpNurpy; kw;Wk; njd;dhg;gphpf;fh (IBSA) n\h;gh]; $l;lk; Nk 3
Kjy; Nk 5> 2019 tiu Nfhr;rpdpy; eilngw;wJ.
o IBSA n\h;gh]; re;jpg;gpw;F Kd;djhf> 9tJ IBSA Kj;jug;G
ke;jpuprig $l;lk; mNj ,lj;jpNyNa ele;jJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

12. G7 ehLfs; vit?


tpil: gphpl;ld;> fdlh> gpuhd;];> n[h;kdp> ,j;jhyp> [g;ghd;> (k) mnkhpf;fh

28
tpsf;fk;
 gphpl;ld;> fdlh> gpuhd;];> n[h;k
; dp> ,j;jhyp> [g;ghd; kw;Wk; mnkhpf;fh
Mfpa ehLfspd; Rw;W#oy; mikr;rh;fs; gq;FngWk; G7-,d; ,uz;L ehs;
$l;lk; gpuhd;]pd; nkl;]py; eilngw;wJ.
o ,jpy; fhLfopg;G> gpsh];bf; khRghL> gts ghiw rpijT Mfpa
Rw;W#oy; gpur;rid gw;wpa Kf;fpa KbTfs; vLf;fg;gl;ld.

13. 2018 Mk; Mz;by; ,e;jpah (k) mnkhpf;fh ,ilapyhd ,U jug;G th;j;jf
$l;lk; vq;F eilngw;wJ?
tpil: GJnly;yp
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 6> 2019 md;W ,e;jpah kw;Wk; mnkhpf;fh ,ilapyhd ,Ujug;G
th;j;jf $l;lk; GJnly;ypapy; eilngw;wJ.
o ,J ,e;jpahtpd; th;j;jf kw;Wk; njhopy;Jiw> kw;Wk; rptpy; tpkhd
Nghf;Ftuj;J Jiwapd; mikr;ruhd RNu\; gpuG kw;Wk;
mnkhpf;fhtpd; th;j;jf nrayhsuhd tpy;gh; Nuh]; ,ilapy;
eilngw;wJ

14. “GRIHA” vd;gjd; tphpthf;fk;?


tpil: Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment
tpsf;fk;
 GRIHA rigapdhy; “jw;NghJs;s ehs; Kiw gs;spfSf;fhf GRIHA”
vd;Dk; jpl;lk; njhlq;fg;gl;Ls;sJ (GRIHA for Existing day schools).
o ,j;jpl;lk; vd;gJ ,e;jpahtpy; ,Uf;Fk; gs;spfspd; Rw;W#oy;
nray;jpwid kjpg;gPL nra;tjw;fhd KiwahFk;.
o GRIHA vd;gJ TERI (The Energy and Resource Institute) –My;
nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ.
o GRIHA – Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment.

15. Mh;bf; fTd;rpypd; cWg;gpdh;fs; ahh;?

29
tpil: mnkhpf;fh> fdlh> nld;khh;f;> gpd;yhe;J> I];yhe;J> ehh;Nt> u\;ah
kw;Wk; RtPld;
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 7> 2019 ,y; gpd;yhe;J> Nuhtdpkp> yg;gp MNudhtpy; 11 tJ Mh;l;bf;
fTd;rpy; $l;lk; eilngw;wJ.
o Mh;bf; gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; epiyahd tsh;;r;rp kw;Wk; Rw;Wr;#oy;
ghJfhg;G mjpfhpf;f 2 Mz;L /gpd;dp\; jiyikapd; fPo;
Kbf;fg;gl;l Ntiyfis 8 Mh;f;bf; khfhzq;fspy; ,Ue;J
te;jth;fs; Vw;Wf;nfhz;ldh;.
o Mh;bf; fTd;rpypd; cWg;gpdh;fs;: mnkhpf;fh> fdlh> nld;khh;f;>
gpd;yhe;J> I];yhe;J> Nehh;Nt> u\;ah kw;Wk; Rtpld;.

16. cyfpd; Kjy; g+[;a fopTfis nfhz;l th;j;jf tpkhdk; vJ?


tpil : QF739
tpsf;fk;
 M];jpNuypahtpy; f;thz;lh]hy; ,af;fg;gl;l th;j;jf tpkhdkhd QF739
tpkhdk; cyfpy; Kjy; g+[;;a fopTfis nfhz;l tpkhdkhf MdJ.
o ,J rpl;dpapypUe;J mbnya;L tiu nry;tJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
o ,jpy; fopTfs; cukhf kW gad;ghL %yk; my;yJ kWRow;rp
%yk; mfw;wg;gLk;.

17. rkPgj;jpy; Nghypahd nra;jpfis gug;Gtij jLf;f rl;lk; ,aw;wpa ehL


vJ?
tpil : rpq;fg;g+h;
tpsf;fk;
 rpq;fg;g+hpd; ehlhSkd;wj;jpy; Nghyp nra;jpfis fl;Lg;gLj;j xU Gjpa
rl;lkhdJ gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,jd; %yk; jtwhd nra;jp gug;GNthUf;F 10 Mz;Lfs; rpiw
kw;Wk; xU kpy;ypad; lhyu; tiu mguhjk; tpjpf;fg;glyhk; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

30
18. fhyepiy mtru epiyia ,uz;lhtjhf mwptpj;j ehL vJ?
tpil : mah;yhe;J
tpsf;fk;
 mah;yhe;J ehlhdJ fhyepiy mtru epiyia gpufldg;gLj;jpAs;sJ.
o gpupl;lid mLj;J fhyepiy mtru epiyia mwptpj;j ,uz;lhk;
ehL ,J vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

19. njd; Mg;gphpf;fhtpd; Gjpa mjpgh; ahh;?


tpil: rphpy; uhkhNgh]h
tpsf;fk;
 njd; Mg;gphpf;fhtpy; Ml;rpia jf;fitj;jJ Njrpa fhq;fpu];.
o rphpy; uhkhNgh]h kPz;Lk; mjpguhf gjtpNaw;f cs;shh;.
o njd;dhg;gphpf;f Njh;jypy; tpfpjhrhuh gpujpepjpj;Jt mbg;gilapy;
Njh;jy; elj;jg;gLfpwJ.

20. Air help ntspapl;l rpwe;j tpkhd epiyak; vJ?


tpil : fj;jhupYs;s `khj; ru;tNjr tpkhd epiyak;
tpsf;fk;
 cyfshtpa tpkhd gazpfspd; cupikfs; ty;Yeuhd Vu;N`y;g; (Air
help)> cyfpd; rpwe;j tpkhd epiyaq;fspd; gl;baiy ntspapl;Ls;sdu;.
o ,jpy; i`juhghj;jpYs;s uh[Pt; fhe;jp ru;tNjr tpkhd epiyak;
cyfpd; vl;lhtJ rpwe;j tpkhd epiyakhf Nju;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,jpy; Kjyplj;jpy; fj;jhupd; `khj; rh;tNjr tpkhd epiyak;
cs;sJ.

21. If;fpa ehLfspd; nghJ rigf;fhd Gjpa jiytuhf Nju;e;njLf;fgl;ltu;


ahu;?
tpil : b[hdp KfkJ Ngd;b
tpsf;fk;
 If;fpa ehLfspd; nghJr; rigf;fhd (UNGA) Gjpa jiytuhf Nguhrpupau;
b[hdp KfkJ Ngd;b epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shu;.

31
o mG[htpd; xU gj;jpupf;ifahsu; khehl;by;> UNGA ,d; ntspNaWk;
jiytuhd kupah /ngu;dhz;lh v];gpNdhrh fhu;r];> mtuJ
epakdk; gw;wp mwptpj;jhu;.
o 1989 kw;Wk; 1990 Mk; Mz;LfSf;F ,ilapy; gjtp tfpj;j jpU
N[hrg; ehd;ntd; fu;ghTf;Fg; gpwF> UNGA ,d; xU jiytuhf
epakpf;fg;gl;l ,uz;lhtJ ie[Pupau; ,tuhthu;.

22. Brypdhy; nray;gLk; uapy; ngl;bfSf;fhd xg;ge;jj;jpy; ,e;jpah kw;Wk;


ve;j ehl;bw;F ,ilapy; ifnaOj;jhdJ?
tpil : Neghsk;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpah (k) Neghsk; ,ilapy; Brypdhy; nray;gLk; uapiy
thq;Ftjw;fhd xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;sJ.
o ,e;jpahtpd; nfhq;fd; uapy;Nt fhu;gg
; Nu\d; ypkpnll; kw;Wk;
Neghspd; uapy;Nt Jiwf;F ,ilapy; ,uz;L 1600 HP Bry;
vyf;l;upf; ky;bgps; gpupTila (DEMC – Diesel Electric Multiple Units)
,uapy; ngl;bfSf;fhf xg;ge;jk; ifnaOj;jhdJ.

23. cyf th;j;jf mikg;gpd; tsUk; ehLfSf;fhd mikr;ruit $l;lk; vq;F


eilngw;wJ?
tpil: nly;yp
tpsf;fk;
 cyf th;j;jf mikg;gpdhy; elj;jg;gl;L tUk; tsUk; ehLfspd;
mikr;ruit $l;lk; nly;ypapy; eilngw;wJ.
o ,J gy;NtW tptfhuq;fis gw;wp tpthjpf;fTk; jPh;T fhzTk;
elj;jg;gLfpwJ.
o rPdh> njd;dhg;gphpf;fh> gpNurpy;> rTjpmNugpah> JUf;fp>
f[f];jhd; kw;Wk; tq;fshNjrk; Mfpa ehLfs; cl;gl 16
tsUk; ehLfSk; 6 Fiwe;j tsh;r;rpaile;j ehLfSk; (LDC)
gq;FngWfpd;wd.

32
24. 2019 – Mk; Mz;L Nfd;]; (cannes) rh;tNjr jpiug;gl tpoh vq;F
eilngw;wJ?
tpil: gpuhd;];
tpsf;fk;
 rpdpkh cyfpd; kpfTk; kjpg;Gkpf;f ru;tNjr epfo;Tfspy; xd;whd>
Nfd;]; jpiug;gl tpoh gpuhd;rpy; njhlq;fpAs;sJ.
o Nfd;]; 2019 f;F> nkf;rpfd; jpiug;gl jahupg;ghsh;
mny[z;l;Nuh Nfhd;ry]; ,d;uhupl;L kjpg;gpl;L FOtpd;
jiytuhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shu;.
o ,e;j Nfd;]; ru;tNjr jpiug;gl tpoh 1946 -Mk; Mz;L
epWtg;gl;lJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

25. 400 fp.kP Ntfj;jpy; nry;Yk; ALFA – X vd;Dk; ,uapy; ve;j ehl;bdhy;
nray;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ?
tpil : [g;ghd;
tpsf;fk;
 gazj;jpd; Gul;rpfu gad;Kiwia tsu;j;J tUfpd;w epiyapy;>
[g;ghdpy; kzp Neuj;jpw;F 400 fp.kP. Ntfj;jpy; nry;Yk; jpwd; nfhz;l
mjpNtf Gy;yl; uapiy [g;ghd; Nrhjid nra;Js;sJ.
o 2030 Mk;Mz;Lf;Fs; ALFA-X vd;W ngauplg;gl;l ,e;j uapy;
nray;ghl;Lf;F tUk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

26. <uhd; ntspAwT mikr;rh; ahh;?


tpil : [htj; \;hg
P ;
tpsf;fk;
 <uhd; ntspAwT mikr;rh; [htj; \;hg
P ; ,Uehs; gazkhf ,e;jpah
te;Js;shh;.
o ,e;jpa ntspAwT Jiw mikr;rh; R];kh Rtuhi[ re;jpj;J ,U
ehl;L cwT njhlh;ghf Ngr;Rthh;j;ij elj;j jpl;lkpl;Ls;shh;.

33
27. ,e;jpah GFDRR - d; MNyhrid FOtpd; Jiz jiytuhf ve;j epjp
Mz;bw;F Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh;?
tpil: 2020
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpah cyfshtpa NguopT Fiwg;G kw;Wk; kPl;G gzpapy; JizGhpAk;
mikg;ghd GFDRR 2020Mk; epjpahz;bw;F xU kdjhf MNyhriz (CG)
FOtpd; Jiz jiytuhf Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o CG -,d; kw;w Jiz jiyth;fs; Mg;gphpf;f fNugpad; kw;Wk;
grpgpf; (ACP) khepyq;fspd; FO> INuhg;gpa xd;wpak; kw;Wk; cyf
tq;fp

28. Kg;giliaAk; cs;slf;fpa rpwg;G eltbf;if gphptpd; jiyth; ahh;?


tpil: V.Nf.jPq;uh
tpsf;fk;
 V]; rpwg;G gilj; jsgjp kw;Wk; =yq;fh Nghh; tPuuhd Nk[h; n[duy;
V.Nf.jPq;uh ,e;jpahtpd; %d;W gilfisAk; cs;slf;fpa xU rpwg;G
eltbf;if gphptpd; jiytuhf epakpf;fg;gl;l Kjy; eguhthh;.
o ,jpy; %g;gilapd; jsgjpfSk; cs;sdh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

29. rkPgj;jpy; my;-nfha;jhTld; njhlh;Gs;sjhf I.ehthy; Fw;wk; rhl;lg;gl;L


jil nra;ag;gl;l mikg;G vJ?
tpil: ISIS –Nfhurhd; (ISIS – Khorasan)
tpsf;fk;
 ISIS – NfhurhDf;F my; nfha;jhTld; njhlh;Gs;sjhfTk; kw;Wk;
Mg;fhdp];jhd; (k) ghfp];jhdpy; ele;j jhf;Fjypy; gq;Fs;sjhfTk;
I.eh rig mwptpj;Js;sJ.
o ,jdhy; me;j mikg;gpd; nrhj;Jfis Klf;fpAs;sdh;. NkYk;
mjid rhh;e;jth;fs; kPJ gazj;jilAk; MAj jilAk;
Nghlg;gl;Ls;sJ.

30. “SIMBEX” ,d; tphpthf;fk; vd;d?


34
tpil: Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise
tpsf;fk;
 rkPgj;jpy; ele;J Kbe;j IMDEX-19 flw;gil gapw;rpia njhlh;e;J>
SIMBEX -19 vd;Dk; flw;gil gapw;rp ,uz;L fl;lkhf Nk 16 njhlq;fp
eilngWfpwJ.
o SIMBEX vd;Dk; gapw;rp Mz;L NjhWk; ,e;jpah kw;Wk; rpq;fg;G+h;
,ilapy; eilngWk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
o 2019 Mz;by; INS – rf;jp kw;Wk; INS nfhy;fj;jh ,jpy; gq;Nfw;f
cs;sJ.

31. ];tPldpypUe;J Nghuhl;lk; xd;wpw;F miog;G tpLj;j gs;sp khztp ahh;?


tpil: fpNul;lh jd;ngh;f;
tpsf;fk;
 ];tPlidr; Nrh;e;j gs;sp khztp fpNul;lh jd;ngh;f; (16). ,th; rkPgj;jpy;
,e;jpa gpujkh; eNue;jpuNkhbf;F mDg;gpa nra;jp tPbNahthf
ituyhfpaJ. tUfpw Nk-24k; Njjp cyfshtpa ];l;iuf; xd;wpy; <Lgl
mth; miog;GtpLj;Js;shh;.
o ekf;F ,Ug;gJ xU cyfk; jhd; mij ghJfhf;f thUq;fs; vd
,e;j gpurhuk; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,e;j tp\ak; rh;tNjr
mstpy; ftdj;ij ngw;W tUfpwJ

32. Foe;ijfspd; chpikfSf;fhd ml;ltizapy; (Kids Right Index)


Kjyplj;jpy; cs;s ehL vJ?
tpil: I];yhe;J
tpsf;fk;
 rkPgj;jpy; tUlhe;jpu cyfshtpa ml;ltizapdhy; ntspaplg;gl;l
“Foe;ijfspd; chpikfSf;fhd ml;ltizapy;” ,e;jpah 117 tJ
,lj;jpYs;sJ
o ,jpy; I];yhe;J Kjyplj;jpYk; Nghyhe;J ,uz;lhk; ,lj;jpYs;sJ
vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

35
33. Nkw;F grpgpf;fpy; mnkhpf;fhthy; elj;jg;gl;l flw;gil gapw;rpapy; ve;nje;j
ehLfs; gq;Nfw;wdh;?
tpil : [g;ghd;> M];jpNuypah kw;Wk; njd;nfhhpah
tpsf;fk;
 mnkhpf;f flw;gilapdhy; Nkw;F grpgpf;fpy; elj;jg;gl;l $l;L Nghh;
gapw;rpapy; [g;ghd;> M];jpNuypah kw;Wk; njd;nfhhpah Mfpa ehLfs;
gq;Nfw;wdh;.
o mjd; ngah; grpgpf; thd;fhu;l; MFk;.

34. rkPgj;jpy; kNyhpah ,y;yh ehLfshf mwptpf;fg;gl;lit vit?


tpil : my;[Phpah kw;Wk; mh;n[d;Bdh
tpsf;fk;
 cyf Rfhjhu mikg;G (WHO), my;[hP pah kw;Wk; mh;n[d;Bdhit
kNyhpah ,y;yh ehLfshf mwptpj;Js;sJ.
o ,J 2010 kw;Wk; 2013 Mz;Lfspy; elj;jg;gl;l Ma;Tfspdhy;
KbT nra;ag;gl;lJ.

35. khdnlhpay; newpKiwahy; jilnra;ag;gl;l CFC-11I gad;gLj;jpa ehL


vJ?
tpil : rPdh
tpsf;fk;
 ,aw;if gj;jphpf;ifahy; elj;jg;gl;l Ma;tpd; gb> rPdh njhlh;e;J
XNrhid mopf;Fk; nghUshd CFC-11 I gad;gLj;jp tUtJ
njhpate;Js;sJ.
o ,J 2010Mk; Mz;L ifnaOj;jplg;gl;l khdnlhpay; newpKiw
(Montreal Protocol)-f;F vjph;g;ghdjhFk;.

36. rkPgj;jpy; If;fpa ehLfspd; rh;tNjr njhopyhsh; mikg;G (ILO)


ntspapl;Ls;s mwpf;ifapd; ngah; vd;d?
tpil : “ngz;fspd; th;j;jfk; kw;Wk; Nkyhz;ik : khw;wj;jpw;fhd tzpf
epiy”
36
tpsf;fk;
 rkPgj;jpy; If;fpa ehLfspd; rh;tNjr njhopyhsh; mikg;G (ILO)
ntspapl;Ls;s mwpf;ifapd; gb ghypd gd;Kfjd;ikia Nkk;gLj;Jk;
epWtdq;fspy; ,yhgk; mjpfhpf;fpwJ kw;Wk; mJ cah;e;j juj;ij
milfpwJ.
o me;j mwpf;ifapd; ngah; - “ngz;fspd; th;j;jfk; kw;Wk;
Nkyhz;ik : khw;wj;jpw;fhd tzpf epiy”

37. ,e;jpahtpd; uapy; ghij kpd;kakhf;Fk; jpl;lj;jpw;F 750 kpy;ypad; lhyh;


toq;Fk; tq;fp vJ?
tpil : Mrpa tsh;r;rp tq;fp
tpsf;fk;
 Mrpa tsh;r;rp tq;fp (ADB) ,e;jpahtpd; uapy; ghijia kpd;kakhf;Fk;
jpl;lj;jpw;Fk; xg;ge;jk; nra;Js;sJ.
o mjd; fPo; ADB ,e;jpa ,uapy;Nt epjp $l;Ljhgdj;jpw;F (IRFC)
mnkhpf;f lhyh; kjpg;gpy; 750 kpy;ypad; toq;Fk; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

38. [_d; 7 md;W gjtp tpyfTs;s gphpl;b\; gpujk ke;jpup ahu;?


tpil : njurh Nk
tpsf;fk;
 gphpl;b\; gpujk ke;jphp njurh Nk gjtpia uh[pdhkh nra;aTs;shh;.
mth; [_d; 7 md;W gjtp tpyFthh;.

39. “rh`pd; -II” VTfiz ve;j ehl;bw;F nrhe;jkhdJ?


tpil: ghfp];jhd;
tpsf;fk;
 epyj;jpypUe;J Vtg;glf;$ba fz;lk; tpl;L fz;lk; ghAk; “rh`{d;- II”
vd;w VTfizia ghfp];jhd; ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;jJ.
o ghfp];jhd; kiyg;gFjpapy; thOk; “rh`Pd;” tif fKfspd;
epidthf ,g;ngaH jug;gl;Ls;sJ.
37
o kPnahyp Ntfj;jpy; nray;gLk;.
o 1500 Kjy; 2000 fp.kP tiu cs;s ,yf;Ffisj; jhf;Fk;.

40. \hq;fha; xj;Jiog;G mikg;gpd; ntspAwTj;Jiw mikr;rHfs; khehL


vq;F eilngw;wJ?
tpil: gp\;nff; (fpHfp];jhd;)
tpsf;fk;
 \hq;fha; xj;Jiog;G mikg;gpd; ntspAwTj; Jiw mikr;rHfspd;
re;jpg;G gp\;nff;fpy; eilngw;wJ.
o ,e;jpah rhHghf ntspAwT Jiw mikr;rH R];kh Rtuh[;
fye;J nfhz;lhH.
o ,e;jpah> KONeu cWg;gpduhf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l gpwF
eilngWk; ,uz;lhtJ re;jpg;G MFk;.

41. fph;fp];jhdpd; jiyefh; vd;d?


tpil : gp\;nff;
tpsf;fk;;
 ,uz;lhtJ \hq;fa; xj;Jiog;G mikg;gpd; (SCO) ntF[d Clf
kd;wk; fph;fp];jhdpd; jiyefuhd gp\;nff;fpy; eilngw;wJ.
o ,J Nk 23 njhlq;fp 26 tiu eilngw;wJ.

42. “Global Coin” vd;Dk; fphpg;Nlh ehzaj;ij (Crypto Currency) ntspaplTs;s


epWtdk; vJ?
tpil: Ng];Gf;
tpsf;fk;
 2020 Mk; Mz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; Ng];Gf; jdJ nrhe;j FwpaPl;L
ehzaj;ij (Crypto currency) ntspapl jpl;lkpl;Ls;sJ.
mjd; ngah; “Global Coin” vd;gjhFk;.

43. ,e;NjhNdrpahtpd; Gjpa mjpguhf mjpfhug;G+h;tkhf Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;lth;


ahh;?

38
tpil: N[hNfh tpNlhNlh
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;NjhNdrpa mjpgh; Njh;jypy; N[hNfh tpNlhNlh kPz;Lk; ntw;wp ngw;W
jdJ gjtpia jf;fitj;Js;shh;. tpNlhNlh kw;Wk; Jiz mjpgh;
gjtpf;Fg; Nghl;bapl;l khUg; mkpd; MfpNahUf;F 55.5% thf;FfSk;>
mtiu vjph;j;Jg; Nghl;bapl;l gpuNghNth Rgpahe;Njh> rhz;bahfh
A+NdhTf;F 44% thf;FfSk; fpilj;jd.

44. If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpj FbapUg;G khehL eilngw;w ,lk; vJ?


tpil: ieNuhgp> nfd;ah
tpsf;fk;
 2019 Mk; Mz;L Nk 27 md;W nfd;ahtpd; ieNuhgpapy; eilngw;w
If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpjf; FbapUg;G khehl;Lj; jpl;lj;jpd; (UN –Habitat
Assembly) Kjyhtjhd xU KO mkh;Tr; re;jpg;gpd; NghJ> me;j
mikg;gpd; eph;thf thhpaj;jpw;F ,e;;jpah Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o If;fpa ehLfspd; kdpjf; FbapUg;G khehl;Lj; jpl;lj;jpd; xU
rpwg;Gf; fUj;jhdJ “efuq;fs; kw;Wk; rKjhaq;fspy; rpwe;j
tho;f;ifj; juj;jpw;fhd Gj;jhf;fk;” vd;gjhFk;.
o ,e;j mikg;ghdJ ieNuhgpiaj; jiyikaplkhff; nfhz;L 1978
Mk; Mz;by; njhlq;fg;gl;lJ.

45. cyfg; Nghl;bj;jpwd; jutupir 2019 y; ,e;jpah ve;j ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ?


tpil: 43 tJ
tpsf;fk;
 cyfg; Nghl;bj;jpwd; jutupir 2019 y;> ,e;jpah 43 tJ ,lj;ijg;
gpbj;jJ. ,J ru;tNjr mgptpUj;jp Kfhikj;Jt mgptpUj;jp epWtdk;
(International Institute for Management Development) njhFj;jJ. ,jpy;
rpq;fg;G+u; Kjyplj;jpy; cs;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

46. ‘Hawa Aane De’ vd;w ngaupy; xU ghly; xd;iw mwpKfg;gLj;jpaJ ahu;?
tpil: Rw;Wr;#oy;> td kw;Wk; fhyepiy khw;w mikr;rfk;
39
tpsf;fk;
 fhw;W khRghL gw;wpa tpopg;Gzu;it Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhf Rw;Wr;#oy;> td
kw;Wk; fhyepiy khw;w mikr;rfk;
o (MoEFCC) ‘`th Mid b’ ‘Hawa Aane De’ vd;w ngaupy; xU ghly;
xd;iw mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;sdu;.
o xt;nthU Mz;Lk; [Pd; 5 cyf Rw;Wr;#oy; jpdk; (WED)
nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ

tpUJfs;

1. 2019-Mk; Mz;bd; Nfhy;l;Nkd; Rw;Wr;#oy; ghpir ngw;w mnkhpf;fh; ahh;?


tpil : ypd;lh fpNurpah
tpsf;fk;
 Nfhy;l;Nkd; Rw;W#oy; mwf;fl;lisapd; cyfpy; rpwe;j mbkl;l
Rw;W#oy; Mh;tyh;fSf;fhd tpUij 2019-Mk; Mz;bw;fhd 6 egu;fs;
ngw;Ws;sdu;.
o ,jid Nfhy;l;Nkd; Rw;W#oy; ghpR vd;gu;.
o ghpR ngw;wtu; - ehL
o gpahh;h [h;fy; - kq;Nfhypah
o My;/g;nul; gpuTndy; - ypNghpah
o mdhnfhNyhtpf; nyNrh];fp - tlf;F khrpNlhdpah
o my;gh;Nlh fh;kpy; - rpyp
o [hf;Fypd; vtd;]; - Ff; jPTfs;
o ypd;lh fpNurpah - mnkhpf;fh

2. nrthypaH tpUJ gpuhd;]; murhy; ahUf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ?


tpil: ,];Nuh Kd;dhs; jiytu; V.v];. fpuz; Fkhh;
tpsf;fk;
 ,];Nuh Kd;dhs; jiytu; V.v]; fpuz; FkhUf;F gpuhd;]; muR>
me;ehl;bd; cahpa tpUjhd nrthypau; tpUij toq;fp nfsutpj;Js;sJ.

40
o tpz;ntspj; Jiwapy; ,e;jpah-gpuhd;]; ,ilNa xj;Jiog;ig
tYg;gLj;jpajpy; rpwg;ghf gq;fhw;wpajw;fhf ,e;j tpUJ
mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o ,];Nuh vd;wiof;fg;gLk; ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Ma;T ikaj;jpy;
gzpahw;wpa fpuz; Fkhu;> fle;j 2015-Mk; Mz;L Kjy; 2018 tiu>
,];Nuhtpd; jiytuhfg; gjtp tfpj;jhu;

3. ngz;fSf;fhf fhy;ge;J Nghl;bapy; ,U rpwg;G tpUJfis mwptpj;Js;s


mikg;G vJ?
tpil: FIFA
tpsf;fk;
 cynfq;fpYk; ngz;fSf;fhd fhy;ge;ij Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf FIFA
mikg;ghy; Gjpajhf ,U tpUJfis mwptpj;Js;sdh;.
o mit Mz;bd; rpwe;j kfsph; Nfhy;fPg;gh; kw;Wk; Mz;bd; rpwe;j
kfsph; fhy;ge;J mzp vd;gjhFk;
o FIFA – Federation International Football Association

4. 2019 Mk; Mz;L mnkhp;f;fhtpd; Rje;jpuj;jpw;;fhd [dhjpgjp gjf;fj;jpid


ngw;wth; ahh;?
tpil: ilfh; cl;];
tpsf;fk;
 mnkhpf;f [dhjpgjpahd Nlhdhy;l; /l;uk;g>; me;ehl;bd; kpf cahpa
tpUjhd> Rje;jpuj;jpw;fhd [dhjpgjp gjf;fj;jpid (Presidential medal of
freedom) me;ehl;bd; el;rj;jpu Nfhy;/g; tPuuhd ilfh; cl;];f;F
toq;fpdhh;.

5. 2019 Mz;bd; CEAT ,d; rpwe;j ge;JtPr;rhsh; ahh;?


tpil: [h];hpl; Gk;uh
tpsf;fk;
 CEAT ,d; fphpf;nfl; juthpir tpUJfs; 2019 (CCR – 2019) vd;Dk; tpUJ
toq;Fk; tpoh Kk;igapy; eilngw;wJ.
41
o ,jpy; rh;tNjr fphpf;nfl;lh; kw;Wk; rpwe;j Ngl;];Nkd;
tpUij tpuhj;Nfhyp ngw;whh;.
o 2019 – Mk; Mz;bd; rh;tNjr rpwe;j ge;JtPr;rhsh; - [h];upl; Gk;uh

6. 2019 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd Gfo;ngw;w Nkd; Gf;fu; ru;tNjr ghpR (Man Booker
International Prize) ngw;wth; ahh;?
tpil : N[hf;fh my;`u;jp
tpsf;fk;
 Xkhd; xU vOj;jhsh; N[hf;fh my;`u;jp> mtuJ muG ehtyhd
“thdpay; cly;fs;” “Celestial Bodies” vd;w Gfo;ngw;w Nkd; Gf;fu;
rh;tNjr ghpR (Man Booker International Prize) ngw;whh;.
o ,th;> ,q;fpyhe;jpd; nkhopngau;gg
; hsuhd Nkupypd; g+j; vd;gtUld;
jdJ ghpRg; gzj;ijg; gfphpe;J nfhs;thh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

7. 2019 Mk; Mz;L Nine dots ghpir ngw;wth; ahh;?


tpil: md;dp rha;b
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa vOj;jhsuhd md;dp rha;b xd;gJ Gs;spfs; ghpir (Nine dots
prize) 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf ngw;Ws;shh;
o mth; jhd; vOjpa “ gpul;> rpnkz;l;> Nff;l];” vd;Dk;
Gj;jfj;jpw;fhf ngw;Ws;shh;

epakdq;fs;

1. MCC-apd; gphpl;b\H my;yhj Kjy; jiytH ahH?


tpil: FkhH rq;ff;fhuh
tpsf;fk;

42
 ,yq;if fphpf;nfl; mzpapd; Kd;dhs; Nfg;ld; FkhH rq;ff;fhuh> Nlup
nyNghd; fphpf;nfl; fpsg;gpd; (MCC- Maxylebone Cricket Club) Kjy;
gphpl;b\H my;yhj jiytuhf NjHnjLf;fg;gl;Ls;shH.
o ,tH Mz;nldpNtH /NgHil njhlHe;J ,g;gjtpf;F tUfpwhH
vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
o NkYk; ,tH mf;NlhgH Kjy; jiytuhf nray;gLgtH vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

2. 15-tJ epjpf; FOtpd; MNyhrfuhf epakpf;fg;gl;lth; ahh;?


tpil: lhf;lh; fpU\;z%h;j;jp Rg;ukzpak;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpd; jiyik nghUshjhu MNyhrfh; lhf;lh; fpU\;z%h;j;jp
Rg;ukzpak; 15-tJ epjpf;FOtpd; MNyhrfuhf epakdk;.
o MNyhrfh; FO 12 cWg;;gpdh;fis nfhz;lJ.
o MNyhrid FO epjp FOtpw;F jpl;l tiuTfis nfhLf;Fk;
mikg;ghf nray;gLk;.

3. Njrpa rl;l jPh;gg


; ha cWg;gpduhf ahiu epakpj;Js;sdh;?
tpil: ePjpgjp vk;.NtZNfhghy;
tpsf;fk;
 Njrpa rl;l jPh;gg
; ha cWg;gpduhf ePjpgjp vk;.NtZNfhghy; epakdk;

4. F[uhj;jpd; Njrpa rl;lg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; Gjpa ,af;Feuhf


epakpf;fg;gl;lth; ahh;?
tpil: Kidth; v];. rhe;jFkhh;
tpsf;fk;
 F[uhj;jpd; Njrpa rl;lg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpd; ([pvd;vy;a+) Gjpa
,af;Feuhf Kidth; v];.rhe;jFkhh; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;. ,th; tUk;
[{iy Kjy; gjtp Vw;f cs;shh;.

5. “`pkhjphp Muha;r;rp epiyak;” vq;Fs;sJ?


tpil : ehh;Nt
43
tpsf;fk;
 rh;tNjr kd;wkhd Mh;bf; fTd;rpypy; ghh;itahsuhf ,e;jpah kPz;Lk;
Njh;en
; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
o fdlh> nld;khh;f;> gpd;yhe;J> I];yhe;J> ehh;Nt> u\;ah> ];tPld;
kw;Wk; mnkhpf;fh Mfpait Mh;bf; fTd;rpypd; cWg;gpduhthh;.
o Gtpapay; mikr;rfj;jpw;F fPo; mike;Js;s ,e;jpahtpd; JUtk;
kw;Wk; ngUq;fly; Ma;TfSf;fhd Njrpa ikakhd “`pkhjphp” –
(Himadri) epiyak;” ehh;Ntapd; ];thy;ghu;by; mike;Js;sJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

6. I.eh. nghUshjhu kw;Wk; rKjhaf; FOtpd; rh;tNjr Nghij kUe;J jLg;G


thupaj;jpd; jiytu; ahu;?
tpil : [f;[_j; gthbah (Jagjit Pavadia)
tpsf;fk;
 I.eh nghUshjhu kw;Wk; rKjhaf; FOtpd; Ie;jhz;L fhy rh;tNjr
Nghij kUe;J jLg;G thupaj;jpd; jiytuhf (International Narcotics
Control Board (INCB)) mjpf thf;Ffisg; ngw;W ,e;jpahtpd; [f;[_j;
gthbah (Jagjit Pavadia) kPz;Lk; Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;lhu;.

7. If;fpa ehLfs; Rw;Wr;#oy; jpl;lj;jpd; ,e;jpahtpd; ey;nyz;z J}jh; ahh;?


tpil: jpah kp];uh.
tpsf;fk;
 If;fpa ehLfspd; Rw;Wr;#oy; jpl;lk; (UNEP) ,e;jpahtpd; ey;nyz;z
J}juhf ,Ue;j ebif jpah kp];Nuh jw;NghJ epiyahd tsh;r;rp
,yf;Ffs; FOtpd; 17 cWg;gpdh;fspy; xUtuhf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
o epiyahd tsh;r;rp ,yf;Ffs; FO tWik xopg;G> fhyepiy khw;wk;>
cyf mikjp vd 17 ,yf;Ffis nfhz;L nray;gLfpwJ.

8. kfhuh\;uhtpd; Gjpa jiyik nrayhsh; ahh;?


tpil: m[ha; Nkj;jh
tpsf;fk;
44
 kfhuh\;buhtpd; Gjpa jiyik nrayhsuhf Kk;ig efuhl;rp Mizau;
m[ha; Nkj;jh epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shu;.
o kfhuh\;buh Kjyikr;ru; NjNte;jpu gj;dhtp]; rpwg;G MNyhrfuhf
epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s Agpv]; kjd; m[ha; Nkj;jh ntw;wp ngw;whu;.

9. ,e;jpahTf;fhd ghfp];jhd; J}juhf ahh; epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;?


tpil: nkhapd; cy;-`f;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahTf;fhd ghfp];jhd; J}juhf nkhapd; cy;-`f;
epakpf;fg;gl;;Ls;shh;. ,e;jpahtpy; mika cs;s Gjpa muRld; mDkjp
Ngr;Rthh;j;ij kPz;Lk; njhlq;Fk; vd ghfp];jhd; ek;gpf;if
njhptpj;Js;sJ.
o fh\;kPhpy; ghfp];jhd; jPtputhjpfs; njhlh;e;J jhf;Fjy; elj;jp
tUfpd;wdh;. ,jdhy; ,U ehLfSf;fpilapyhd cwtpy; tphpry;
Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. mikjp Ngr;Rthh;j;ijAk; jilgl;Ls;sJ.

10. gp[p cr;rePjpkd;wj;jpd; ePjpgjpahf epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,e;jpa ePjpgjp ahh;?


tpil : kjd; gp.Nyhf;$h;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa cr;rePjpkd;wj;jpd; Xa;Tngw;w ePjpgjpahd kjd; gp.Nyhf;$h;> gp[p
cr;rePjpkd;wj;jpd; ntspehL tho; FOtpd; ePjpgjpahf
epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
o gp[p cr;rePjpkd;wkhdJ Xuhz;Lf;F %d;W mkh;Tfisf;
nfhz;bUf;Fk;. Mf];l; 15 Kjy; 30 tiu eilngWk; mkh;tpy;>
ePjpgjp Nyhf;$h; fye;J nfhs;thh;.

11. m];]hk; iugpypd; 3- tJ gilgphpT ve;j flNyhu fhtw;gil fg;gYld;


,izg;G gl;lak; xg;ge;jk; Nghl;Ls;sJ?
tpil: “rThpah” fg;gy;
tpsf;fk;
 m];]hk; iugpy;]; (k) ,e;jpaf; flNyhuf; fhty; gil ,ilNa
,izg;G gl;lak; xg;ge;jk; ifnaOj;jhdJ
45
o m];]hk; iugpypd; 3- tJ gilgphpT (ehf Fd;Wfs;) kw;Wk;
flNyhu fhtw;gil fg;gyhd “rThpah” Mfpatw;wpw;fpilNa
,e;j xg;ge;jk; ifnaOj;jhdJ

mwptpay; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;gk;

1. my;l;uh nrd;rpl;bt; Fthz;lk; nju;NkhkPl;liu cUthf;fpa FO vJ?


tpil: Ikpah kpypah ,];yhkpa gy;fiyfof Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; FO
tpsf;fk;
 [kpah FO my;l;uhnrd;rpl;bt; Fthz;lk; nju;NkhkPl;liu
cUthf;fpAs;shu;.
o GJ nly;ypapy; cs;s [kpah kpypah ,];yhkpah gy;fiyf;fof
Muha;r;rpahsu;fs; FO fpuhgPd; Fthz;lk; Gs;spfis gad;gLj;jp
my;l;uhnrd;rpl;bt; Fthz;lk; nju;NkhkPl;liu cUthf;fpAs;sdu;. 27
bfpup C Kjy; -196 bfpup C tiu ,e;j nju;NkhkPl;luhy; Jy;ypakhf
mstpl KbAk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

2. 9 ,e;jpa nkhopfSf;F vspjhd OCR mikg;ig cUthf;fpa I.I.b FOtpd;


jiytu; ahu;?
tpil: =dpthr rf;futu;j;jp
tpsf;fk;
 IIb nkl;uh]; FO xd;gJ ,e;jpa nkhopfSf;F vspjhd OCR
mikg;ig cUthf;fpAs;sJ
o nrd;id I.I.b.apd; =dpthr rf;futu;j;jpd; FO xd;gJ ,e;jpa
nkhopfSf;F xU xd;Wgl;l ];fpupg;l; xd;iw cUthf;fpAs;sJ.
mjw;F ghujp ];fpu[g;l; vd;W ngauplg;gLs;sJ. gy nkhop
xspapay; ghj;jpu mq;fpfupg;G (OCR) jpl;lj;ijg; gad;gLj;jp
Mtzq;fis thrpg;gjw;fhd xU Kiwia ,J cUthf;fpAs;sJ.
o ,e;j FO xU tpuy;-cr;rupg;G Kiwia cUthf;fpAs;sJ. ,ijg;
gad;gLj;jp fhJ NfshNjhUf;fhd xU irif nkhopia cUthf;f

46
,J cjTk;. Njtefup> ngq;fhyp> Fu;Kfp> F[uhj;jp> xupah>
njYq;F> fd;dlk;> kiyahsk; kw;Wk; jkpo; Mfpa nkhopfs;
xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

3. One Touch vd;Dk; mk;rj;ij njhlq;fpa epWtdk; vJ?


tpil : Paypal ,e;jpah
tpsf;fk;
 PayPal ,e;jpah Google Smart Lock Ig; gad;gLj;jp ,e;jpahtpy; mjd;
OneTouch mk;rj;ij mwpKfg;gLj;jpaJ
o One Touch mk;rj;jpd; Jtf;fk; ,e;jpa Efu;Nthu; PayPal cld;
jq;fs; Mz;l;uha;L rhjdj;ij gjpT nra;J gad;gLj;j
mDkjpf;fpd;wJ. ,jdhy; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; cs; EioTfspd;
rpf;fiy ePf;fp> jilaw;w gzk; nrYj;Jk; mDgtj;ij
nray;gLj;jfpwJ.
o ghuj; n`tp vyf;l;upfy;]; ypkpnll; (BHEL) kw;Wk; ,e;jpahtpd;
jhdpaq;fp Muha;r;rp rq;fk; (ARAI) Mfpait ,ize;J kpd;-
nkhigYld; njhlHGila gy;NtW jpl;lq;fspy; gaDs;s
xj;jiog;G kw;Wk; kpd;rhu kw;Wk; l;Nuhyp g];> kpd;rhu thfd
rhu;[u;fs;> Ngl;lup kw;Wk; rhu;[u; Nrhjid Kjypaitfhd
gads;s xj;Jiog;G Gupe;Jzu;T cld;gbf;ifapy;
ifnaOj;jpl;Ls;sd.

4. “Momo-3” uhf;nfl;il Va;jpa jdpahh; epWtdk; vJ?


tpil: ,d;nlh;]n
; ly;yhh; nlf;dhy[p.
tpsf;fk;
 [g;ghdpd; jdpahh; mikg;ghd ,d;nlh;]n
; ly;yh; (Interstellar) nlf;dhy[p
mjDila Kjyhk; uhf;nfl;lhd “NkhNkh-3” (Momo – 3) I
ntw;wpfukhf tpz;zpy; Va;jpAs;sJ.
o Mspy;yh uhf;nfl;lhd “NkhNkh-3” n`hf;ifNlh VTjsj;jpypUe;J
Va;jg;gl;lJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

47
5. ehrhtpdhy; nrYj;jg;gl;L bb%d; FWq;Nfhis jhf;ftpUf;Fk; tpz;fyk;
vJ?
tpil: DART
tpsf;fk;
 Njrpa tpkhdtpay; kw;Wk; tpz;ntsp epWtdk; (NASA) 2022 Mk; Mz;L
DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) vd;Dk; tpz;fyj;ij nfhz;L
bb%d; my;yJ bbNkh];-gp (Didymoon or Didymos –B) vd;wiof;fg;gLk;
FWq;Nfhis jhf;fp mopf;fTs;sJ.
o ,J fpuf ghJfhg;G njhopy;El;gj;ij epUgpf;Fk; Kjy;
Kaw;rpahFk;.
o me;j FWq;Nfhs; 150 kPl;lh; cauk; nfhz;ljhFk;.

6. vy;iy ghJfhg;Gfhf ,e;jpah mDg;gTs;s nraw;ifNfhspd; ngah; vd;d?


tpil: uprhl;-2
tpsf;fk;
 Kk;igapy; fle;j 2008-k; Mz;L etk;gh; 26-k; Njjp ghfp];jhd;
jPtputhjpfs; CLUtp jpBh; jhf;Fjy; elj;jpdh;. mjd;gpd;> ,e;jpah
‘Nulhh; ,Nk[pq; Nrl;biyl;’ (hprhl;-2gpMh;1) vd;w etPd nraw;iff;
Nfhis 2009-k; Mz;L Vg;uy; 20-k; Njjp tpz;zpy; nrYj;jpaJ. ,J
,];Nuy; ehl;by; jahhpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;jr; nraw;iff; Nfhs; vy;iyg;
gFjpfspy; jPtputhjpfspd; elkhl;lk; cl;gl gy;NtW jfty;fis
ghJfhg;Gg; gilapdUf;F toq;fp tUfpwJ.
o ,e;epiyapy;> mLj;jfl;lkhf ‘hprhl;-2’ uf nraw;iff; Nfhs;
mjpetPd trjpfSld; Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;L jahhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;jr;
nraw;iff;Nfhis tUk; 22-k; Njjp ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Ma;T
ikak; (,];Nuh) tpz;zpy; nrYj;j cs;sJ. ,e;jr; nraw;iff;
Nfhs; g+kpapy; ,Ue;J 536 fp.kP cauj;jpy; epiyepWj;jg;gLk;.
‘uprhl;-2’ nraw;if;f Nfhs; ,e;jpa vy;iyg; gFjpfis 24 kzp
NeuKk; fz;fhzpf;Fk; Nkf %l;lq;fs;> gdp Nghd;w ve;j
rPNjh\;z epiyapYk; Jy;ypakhf nrag;gLk;. Fwpg;ghf ghfp];jhd;
48
Mf;fpukpg;G fh\;kPh; cl;gl ,e;jpa vy;iyg; gFjpfspy;
jPtputhjpfspd; elkhl;lk;> mirTfis fz;fhzpj;J clDf;Fld;
jfty; mDg;Gk;.
o ,e;jr; nraw;iff; Nfhis Nghplh; Nkyhz;ikf;Fk; gad;gLj;jpf;
nfhs;s KbAk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

7. “SHiELD” vd;wiof;fg;gLk; Nyrh; mikg;ig Nrhjid nra;j ehL vJ?


tpil : mnkhpf;fh
tpsf;fk;
 mwptpay; tpkhdg;gil Muha;r;rp Ma;tfk;> epa+ nkf;]pNfhtpy; mnkhpf;f
,uhZtj;jpd; nts;is rhz;l;]; VTfiz Nrhjid gFjpapy; Ra-
ghJfhg;G cau; vuprf;jp Nyru; nra;Kiwahsu; (Self – Protect High Energy
Laser Demonstrator (SHiELD)) vd;W miof;fg;gLk; Nyriu gupNrhjpj;jdh;.
o ,J GtpapypUe;J tpz;zpy; ,Uf;Fk; nghUisAk; tpz;zpypUe;J
tpz;zpypUf;Fk; nghUisAk; jhf;ff;$Lk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

8. gp.v];.vy;.tp C–46 uhf;nfl;by; tpz;zpy; nrYj;jg;gLk; nraw;iff;Nfhs;


vd;d?
tpil: hprhl; 2B.
tpsf;fk;
 Nulhh; Gtp fz;fhzpg;G nraw;iff;Nfhshd hprhl; 2B-ia jhq;fpagb
gp.v];.vy;.tp C–46 uhf;nfl; 22-k; Njjp nrYj;jg;gLfpwJ vd ,];Nuh
ntspapl;Ls;sJ.
o ,];Nuhthy; tbtikf;fg;gl;l hprhl; 2-B nraw;iff;NfhshdJ
ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp Nkk;ghl;bw;fhf tpz;zpy; nrYj;jg;gLfpwJ.
o Hprhl; 2B nraw;iff;Nfhspy; mjpetPd ,Nk[pq; rhjdk; cs;sJ.
,jd; %yk; Gtpapd; fPo;gug;gpy; cs;stw;iw njspthf mwpe;J
nfhs;s KbAk;.

9. ,e;jpahtpy; Vg;uy; 2019 ,y; Vw;Wkjp tsh;r;rp rjtPjk; vd;d?

49
tpil: 1.34%
tpsf;fk;
 th;j;jfk; kw;Wk; njhopy; Jiw mikr;rfj;jpd; gb ,e;jpahtpy; Vg;uy;
2018 Kjy; Vg;uy; 2019 tiuAs;s xl;Lnkhj;j Vw;Wkjp tpw;gid kw;Wk;
Nritfs; %yk; 4 gpy;ypad; lhyh; Neh;kiw tsh;r;rpaile;jjhf
$wpAs;sdh;.
o ,jd; %yk; Vg;uy; 2019 ,y; ,e;jpah 1.34% tsh;r;rpaile;Js;sJ

10. ,e;jpahtpd; Mjpj;ah-L1 tpz;fyk; ve;j Mz;L nray;gLj;jg;glTs;sJ?


tpil: 2021
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Muha;r;rp epWtdkhd “ISRO” rkPgj;jpy; VO Kf;fpa
jpl;lq;fis mwptpj;Js;sJ.
o mjpylq;Fk; Kf;fpa jpl;lq;fs;
o re;jpuhad; -2 : ,e;jpahtpd; ,uz;lhtJ re;jpu Ma;T jpl;lkhFk; -
[Piy 19,y; nrYj;jg;gl cs;sJ
o Mjpj;ah – L1 (Aditya – L1) : 2021 Mz;L mDg;gtpUf;Fk; #hpa
Ma;T jpl;lk;
o vf;];Nghrhl; (Xposat) : X ray Polarimeter Satellite 2020 Mz;L
mDg;gg;gLk;

11. “He Art” vd;Dk; jpl;lj;ij njhlq;fpa epWtdk; vJ?


tpil: HDFC %yjd MNyhrfh;fs; epWtdk;
tpsf;fk;;
 HDFC ypkpnll; epWtdj;jpd; Jiz epWtdkhd HDFC %yjd
MNyhrfh;fs; epWtdk; xU Gjpa Kaw;rpahf “He ART” (HDFC Affordable
Real Estate and Technology Program) vd;Dk; jpl;lj;ij njhlq;fp cs;sdh;
o ,J hpay; v];Nll; Jiwapy; cjTk; tifapy; mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ

50
12. rPNjh\;z epiyia fz;fhzpf;f tpz;zp;y; Vtg;gl;l uhf;nfl;bd; ngah;
vd;d?
tpil: gp.v];.vy;.tp rp-46
tpsf;fk;
 rPNjh\;z epiyia fz;fhzpf;f hprhl;-2gp Nulhh; nraw;iff; NfhSld;
gp.v];.vy;.tp rp-46 uhf;nfl; ntw;wpfukhf tpz;zpy; Vtg;gl;lJ.
o ehl;bd; ghJfhg;ig NkYk; tYg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; ‘hprhl; 2’
nraw;iff; Nfhis mjp etPd trjpfSld; ,];Nuh
jahhpj;jpUe;jJ. ,e;j nraw;iff; Nfhs; Vw;fdNt mwptpj;jgb
,d;W mjpfhiy 5.27 kzpf;F ntw;wpfukhf tpz;zpy; gha;e;jJ.
o hprhl; -2 nraw;if Nfhs; ,e;jpa vy;iyg; gFjpfis 24 kzp
NeuKk; fz;fhzpf;Fk;.

13. tUtha; mbg;gilapy; Kjyplj;ij gpbj;Js;s epWtdk; vJ?


tpil: hpiyad;]; ,z;l];l;h]
P ;
tpsf;fk;
 tUtha; mbg;gilapy; nghJj;Jiw epWtdkhd ,e;jpad; Mapy;
fhh;g;gNu\id (IXrp) gpd;Df;Fj; js;sp KNf\; mk;ghdp jiyikapyhd
hpiyad;]; ,z;l];l;h]
P ; Kjyplj;ij gpbj;Js;sJ.

14. RISAT-2B nraw;iff;Nfhis ve;j tpz;ntspf;fyj;ij gad;gLj;jp va;jpdh;?


tpil: PSLV-C46
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpah ntw;wpfukhf xU Nulhh; ,Nk[pq; Gtp fz;fhzpg;G nraw;iff;
Nfhshd RISAT-2B I Rw;Wg;ghijapy; epWtg;gl;lJ
o RISAT-2B nraw;iff; Nfhis PSLV-C46 vd;w tpz;ntspf;fyj;ij
gad;gLj;jp Vtg;gl;lJ.

15. kj;jpag;gpuNjrj;jpd; ve;j khtl;lj;jpy;> thf;F vz;Zk; nkhj;jg; gzpiaAk;


ngz;fNs ifahs cs;sdh;?
tpil: `h;jh

51
tpsf;fk;
 kj;jpag;gpuNjr khepyj;jpd; `h;jh khtl;lj;jpy; thf;F vz;Zk; nkhj;jg;
gzpiaAk; ngz;fNs ifahsTs;sdh;. ,jd; tifapy; ,JNt Kjy;
Kaw;rpahFk;. `h;jh khtl;lk; ngJy; ehlhSkd;w njhFjpapd; xU
gFjpahFk;. NkYk;> bkhdp kw;Wk; `h;jh rl;lkd;wj; njhFjpfspd;
thf;F vz;zpf;if `h;jh khtl;lj;jpd; jiyikafj;jpy; eilngWk;.

16. Goibibo cld; ,ize;J gy;-ehza gaz ml;ilfis mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;s


tq;fp vJ?
tpil : IrpIrpI tq;fp
tpsf;fk;
 IrpIrpI tq;fpahdJ Goibibo cld; ,ize;J gy;-ehza gaz
ml;ilfis mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ntspehLfSf;F gazk; nra;Ak;
vtUk;> ICICI tq;fpapd; Nrkpg;Gf; fzf;if itj;jpUe;jhYk;
,y;iynad;whYk; $l> Goibibo tiyj;jsj;jpNyh miyNgrp nraypapNyh
Goibibo ICICI tq;fpapd; gaz ml;ilf;F tpz;zg;gpf;fyhk;. ,e;j ml;il
MdJ cyfstpy; 200 ehLfspYk;> 4.6 Nfhb tzpfh;fsplKk; Vw;Wf;
nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.

17. rkPgj;jpy; “\h`pd; - II” vd;w VTfiz ve;j ehl;bdhy; Nrhjid


nra;ag;gl;lJ?
tpil : ghfp];jhd;
tpsf;fk;
 jiu top jhf;Fk; VTfizahd “\h`pd; - II” (Shaheen – II) VTfiz
ntw;wpfukhf ghfp];jhdhy; Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

18. rkPgj;jpy; rPdh ghfp];jhdpw;F mspj;j Nghh; tpkhdj;jpd; ngah; vd;d?


tpil : JF-17 jz;lh; Nghh; tpkhdk;
tpsf;fk;
 rPdh mjd; Kjy; Muhag;gl;l gy nray;ghLfis nfhz;l JF-17 jz;lh;
Nghh; tpkhdj;ij ghfp];jhd; tpkhd gilf;F mspj;Js;sJ.
52
19. ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Jiwapd; Kjy; tzpf epWtdk; vJ?
tpil: Antrix Corporation Limited
tpsf;fk;
 ,];Nuh> epA+ ];Ng]; ,e;jpah ypkpnll; (New Space India Limited) vd;w
Gjpa tzpf epWtdj;ij ngq;fSUtpy; njhlq;fpAs;sJ.
o ,e;jpa tpz;ntsp Jiwapd; ,uz;lhtJ tzpf epWtdkhFk;.
o 1992- k; Mz;L “Antrix Corporation Limited” vd;w tzpf
epWtdj;ij tpz;ntsp Jiw njhlq;fpaJ.

20. tspkz;lyj;jpy; jw;NghJ mstplg;gl;Ls;s fhHgd;-il-Mf;i]bd; msT


vd;d?
tpil: 415 ppm
tpsf;fk;
 tspkz;lyj;jpy; cs;s fhHgd;-il-Mf;i]bd; msT> rh;tNjr mstpy;
415 ppm vd;w msit fle;Js;sJ
o `thapy; cs;s kTdh Nyh Ma;tfj;jpy; cs;s czhpfshy;
mstplg;gl;Ls;sJ
o fhHgd;-il-Mf;i]L 100 Kjy; 300 Mz;Lfs; tiu
tspkz;lyj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;.

21. epyhtpw;F kdpjh;fis mDg;g NASA nfhz;Ls;s jpl;lj;jpd; ngah; vd;d?


tpil : Mh;bkp];
tpsf;fk;
 mnkhpf;fhtpd; Njrpa tpkhdtpay; kw;Wk; tpz;ntsp eph;tfkhd NASA>
jdJ “Mh;bkp];” (Artemis) jpl;lj;ij ntspapl;Ls;sJ.
o ,j;jpl;lkhdJ epyhtpw;F kdpjh;fis 2024 Mz;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L
nry;Yk; Kaw;rpahFk;.
o ,jd; Mspy;yh Nrhjid Kaw;rpahd “Mh;bkp]; - I” 2020-f;Fs;
nray;gLj;jg;gLk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

53
22. rkPgj;jpy; Mfh\; VTfiz vq;F Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;lJ?
tpil: xbrh flw;fiuapy; ghyNrhhpy;
tpsf;fk;
 DRDO thy; Gjpajhf Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;l jiuapypUe;J tpz;zpy; jhf;f
$ba Mfh\; vd;Dk; VTfiz xbrh flw;fiuapy; ghyNrhhpy;
ntw;wpfukhf Nrhjid nra;ag;gl;lJ.

tpisahl;L epfo;Tfs;

1. ,e;jpa Fj;Jr;rz;il rk;Nksj;jpd; jiytu; ahu;?


tpil: m[a; rpq;
tpsf;fk;
 [_iy my;yJ Mf];l; khjj;jpy; ,e;jpa Fj;Jr;rz;il yPf; (IBL)
,e;jpa Fj;Jr;rz;il rk;Nksdk; Jtf;fg;gLk;.
o GJ nly;yp epfo;r;rpapy; BFI (Boxing Federation of India) jiytu;
m[a; rpq; ,e;j mwptpg;ig ntspapl;lhu;.

2. Mrpa jlfs rhk;gpad;\pg; Nghl;bapd; 23- tJ gjpg;gpy; Kjyplk; ngw;w


ehL vJ?
tpil : g`;iud;
tpsf;fk;
 Mrpa jlfs rhk;gpad;\pg;gpd; 23- tJ kjpg;Gfj;jhhpy; ,Uf;Fk;
Njhfhtpy; eilngw;wJ.
o 4 ehl;fs; epfo;thd ,jpy; 63 ehLfs; gq;Fngw;wd.
o ,jpy; 11 jq;fk;> 7 nts;sp (k) 4 ntz;fyk; ngw;W g`;iud;
Kjy; ,lj;jpYk; mij njhlHe;J rPdhTk; cs;sJ.
o ,jpy; ,e;jpah 4- tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

54
3. ISSF -tpd; juthpirapd;gb ngz;fSf;fhd 10 kPl;lH Vu; iugps; gphptpy;
Kjyplk; gpbj;jtH ahH?
tpil: mG+Htp rz;Nlyh
tpsf;fk;
 rh;tNjr Jg;ghf;fp RLk; Nghl;bapd; $l;likg;ghy; (ISSF) rkPgj;jpy;
ntspaplg;gl;l juthpirfspd;gb> cyf Nfhg;ig Nghl;bapy; jq;fk;
ntd;w tPuhq;fidahd mG+Htp rz;Nlyh ngz;fSf;fhd 10 kPl;lH
VHiugps; gphptpy; 1926 Gs;spfSld; Kjyplk; tfpf;fpwhH.
o mtiu njhlHe;J ,uz;lhkplj;jpy; mQ;rk; nksj;fpy; cs;shH vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ

4. Mrpa jdpegh; ];Fth\; ,Wjpr; Rw;Wf;F jFjp ngw;wth; ahh;?


tpil : N[h\;dh rpd;dg;gh
tpsf;fk;
 Mrpa jdpegh; ];Fth\; rhk;gpad; Nghl;b ,Wjpr; Rw;Wf;F N[h\;dh
rpd;dg;gh jFjp ngw;ws;shh;.

5. kzp\; fTrpf; ve;j tpisahl;L Jiwia rhh;e;jth;?


tpil : Fj;Jr; rz;il
tpsf;fk;
 ngypf;]; ];lhk; rh;tNjr Fj;Jr; rz;il Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpahtpd; fTut;
Nrhyq;fp> kzP\; fT\pf; MfpNahh; jq;fk; ntd;wdh;.
o Nghl;b eilngw;w ,lk; - Nghye;jpy; cs;s th;rh efh;
o Nrhyq;fp 52 fpNyh gphptpYk;> kzp\; fTrpf; 60 fpNyh vil
gphptpYk; fye;J nfhz;ldh;.

6. kfsph; WTA juthpirapy; Kjyplj;jpy; ,Ug;gth; ahh;?


tpil: eNthkp x]hfh
tpsf;fk;
 Vbgp juthpirapy; 3-MtJ ,lj;Jf;F Kd;Ndwpdhh; [hk;gthd; Nuh[h;
ngluu;.

55
o Kjyplj;jpy; cs;shh; nrh;gpahtpd; N[hNfhtpr;. ,uz;lhtJ
,lj;jpy; elhy; cs;shh;. fphP]; tPuh; rpl;rpgh]; 9-MtJ ,lj;Jf;F
Kd;Ndwpdhh;.
o kfsph; lgps;AbV juthpirapy; [g;ghdpd; eNthkp x]hfh
Kjyplj;jpYk;> nrf FbauR ngl;uh Ftpl;Nlhth ,uz;lhtJ>
UNkdpahtpd; rpkhNdh `Nyg; %d;whtJ ,lj;jpYk; cs;sdh;.

7. nfsut; Nrhyq;fp vd;Dk; tpisahl;L tPuh; ve;j tpisahl;Lld;


njhlh;Gilath;?
tpil: Fj;Jr;rz;il
tpsf;fk;
 Nghye;J jiyefuhd thh;rhtpy; eilngw;w 36 MtJ /ngypf;]; ];lhk;
rh;tNjr Fj;Jr;rz;il Nghl;bapy;> ,e;jpa tPuh;fs; nfsut; Nrhyq;fp>
kzP\; nfsrpf; MfpNahh; jq;fk; ntd;wdh;.
o Nrhyq;fp 52 fpNyh vilg; gphptpy; ,q;fpyhe;J tPuh; tpy;ypak;
fht;Nyit vjph;nfhz;lhh;. ,jpy;> 5-0 vd;w fzf;fpy; ntd;whh;
Nrhyq;fp.
o fle;j Mz;L eilngw;w fhkd;nty;j; Nghl;bapy; /gpis ntapl;
gphptpy; mth; jq;fk; ntd;wpUe;jhh;.
o fhkd;nty;j; Nghl;bapy; iyl; ntapl; gphptpy; nts;sp ntd;w
kzP\; nfsrpf;> /ngypf;]; ];lhk; Nghl;bapy; 60 fpNyh gphptpy;
Nghl;bapl;L jq;fk; ntd;whh;.
o ,e;jpa tPuu; `PrhKjPd; (56 fpNyh vilg; gphpT) nts;spAk;>
miuapWjp tiu Kd;Ndwpa kd;jPg; [q;uh (69 fpNyh)> rQ;rPj; (91
fpNyh)> mq;fpj; flhdh (64 fpNyh) ntz;fyKk; ntd;wdh;.

8. 2019 Mk; Mz;L Mg;fhdp];jhd; fphpf;nfl; mzpapd; Kd;ddp ];ghd;rh;


ahh;?
tpil : mKy;
tpsf;fk;
 Mg;fhdp];jhd; fpupf;nfl; mzpapd; Kf;fpa ];ghd;ruhf mKy;
mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.

56
o vjpu;tUk; cyff; Nfhg;igapy;> Nk 30 Kjy; ,q;fpyhe;jpYk;>
Nty;]; efuj;jpYk; eilngWk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

9. 36-tJ Njrpa ,isNahh; $ilg;ge;J Nghl;b vq;F eilngWfpwJ?


tpil: Nfhit
tpsf;fk;
 Nfhitapy; 36-tJ Njrpa mstpyhd ,isNahh; $ilge;J Nghl;b
eilngWfpwJ.
o 57 Mz;LfSf;Fg; gpwF Nfhitap;y; Njrpa $ilge;J Nghl;b
eilngWfpwJ.
o 25 khepyq;fspy; ,Ue;J 16 taJf;F cl;gl;l 700-f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l
tPuh; tPuhq;fidfs; fye;J nfhs;fpd;wdh;.

10. 2019 – Mk; Mz;bd; Igpvy; njhlupy;; ntw;wp ngw;w mzp vJ?
tpil : Kk;ig ,e;jpad;];
tpsf;fk;
 2019 – Igpvy; njhlupd;; ,Wjp Nghl;bapy; nrd;id #g;gu; fpq;i]
tPo;j;jp Kk;ig ,e;jpad;]; ehd;fhtJ ntw;wpia ifgw;wpaJ.

11. ICC apd; ODI ge;J tPr;rhsh; juthpirapy; Kjyplj;jpy; ,Ug;gth; ahh;?
tpil: [Pyd; Nfh];thkp
tpsf;fk;
 ghfp];jhdpd; M/g; - ];gpd;duhd fphpf;nfl; tPuh; rhd kph;> ODI
tuyhw;wpy; rpwe;j Roy;ge;J tPr;rhsuhf Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;shh;.
o ,tu; 147tJ tpf;nfl;il vLj;J ,e;j rhjidia cWjp
nra;jhh;.
o ICC – apd; ODI ge;J tPr;rhsh; juthpirapy; ,th; %d;whk;
,lj;jpy; cs;sh;. Kjyplj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpd; [Pyd; Nfh];thkp
cs;shh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

12. 2019 - ];ghdp\; fpuhz;l gphpf;i] ntd;wth; ahh;?


57
tpil: nku;rpb]; Y}ap]; `hkpy;ld;
tpsf;fk;
 nku;rpb]; Y}ap]; `hkpy;ld; ];ngapdpd; ghu;rpNyhdhtpy; ];ghdp\;
fpuhz;l gpupf;i] ntd;whu; kw;Wk; /ghu;Kyh xd; cyf rhk;gpad;\pg;gpd;
juthpirapy; NkYk; cau;e;Js;shu; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

13. I.rp.rp eLth; FOtpy; ,ize;Js;s Kjy; ,e;jpa ngz; eLth; ahh;?
tpil: G.S. yf;\;kp
tpsf;fk;
 rh;tNjr fphpf;nfl; Nghl;b eLth;fs; FOtpy; Kjy; Kiwahf
,e;jpahit Nrh;e;j G.S yf;\;kpia I.rp.rp epakpj;Js;sJ.
o rh;tNjr Nghl;bj; njhlh;fspy; ,e;j eLth; FOtpy; ,lk;
ngw;wpUf;Fk; eLth;fNs gzpahw;Wth;.
o Mz;fs; kl;LNk ,lk; ngw;wpUe;j I.rp.rp eLth; FOtpy; ngz;
eLtuhd G.S. yf;\;kpAk; ,ize;jpUg;gjd; %yk; ,dp ngz;
eLth;fSk; gzpGhpa tha;g;G Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.

14. khl;hpl; xgdpy; rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;whth; ahh;?


tpil: N[hNfhtpr;
tpsf;fk;
 khl;hpl; xgd; nld;dp]; Nghl;b Mlth; xw;iwah; gphptpy; N[hNfhtpr;
rhk;gpad; gl;lk; ntd;whh;.
o nrh;gpahtpd; N[hNfhtpr; 3-tJ Kiwahf khl;hpl; xgdpy; rhk;gpad;
gl;lk; ntd;Ws;shh;.
o jw;NghJ cyf nld;dp]; juthpirapYk; Kjy; ,lj;jpy; cs;shh;.

15. Mrpa grpgpf; ituNfhg;ig Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpahtpd; uhfpy; fhd;[p


vj;jidahtJ ,lj;jpy; cs;shh;?
tpil: 39tJ
tpsf;fk;

58
 ,e;jpahtpd; uhfpy; fhd;[p Mrpah grpgpf; itu Nfhg;igapy; 39-tJ
,lj;jpYs;shh;.
o ,jpy; Kjyplj;jpy; [g;ghdpd; NahRNf mrh[p Kjyplk; ngw;whh;.
o ,J [g;ghdpy; eilngw;wJ.

16. ,j;jhypa Xgd; nld;dp]; Nghl;b 2019 Mk; Mz;L ngz;fs; xw;iwah;
gphptpy; ntd;wth; ahh;?
tpil: fNuhypdh gpsp];Nfhth
tpsf;fk;
 nrf; Fbauir rhh;e;j fNuhypdh gpsp];Nfhth gphpl;lid Nrh;ej
;
N[h`d;dh Nfhz;lhit vjph;nfhz;L kfsph; nld;dp]; mNrhrpNa\dpd;
,j;jhypa Xgd; nld;dp]; Nghl;bapy; xw;iwah; gphptpy; gl;lk; ntd;whh;.
o ,j;jhypa Xgd; nld;dp]; Nghl;b Nuhk; efhpy; eilngw;wJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;;gplj;jf;fJ

17. ,e;jpa kfsph; mzpapd; `hf;fp Nghl;b vq;;F eilngw;wJ?


tpil: [pd;rpNahdpy;
tpsf;fk;
 njd; nfhhpahTf;F vjpuhd `hf;fp ,e;jpa kfsph; mzp 2 -1 vd;w Nfhy;
fzf;fpy; ntw;wp ngw;Ws;sJ.
o njd; nfhhpahtpy; Rw;Wg; gazk; nra;J tUk; ,e;jpa kfsph;
`hf;fp mzp %d;W `hf;fp Nghl;bfs; nfhz;l ,U jug;G
njhlhpy; gq;Nfw;W tUfpd;wd. ,t;tpU mzpfSf;F ,ilapyhd
Kjy; `hf;fpg; Nghl;b New;W [pd;rpNahdpy; eilngw;wJ.

18. 2019-Mk; Mz;L rh;tNjr xgd; Fj;Jrz;il Nghl;b vq;F eilngw;wJ?


tpil : nfs`hj;jp
tpsf;fk;
 nfs`hj;jpapy; eilngw;w 2019-Mk; Mz;L rh;tNjr Xgd; Fj;Jr;rz;il
Nghl;bapy; ,e;jpah nkhj;jkhf 57 gjf;fq;fis ngw;Ws;sJ.
o 12 jq;fk;> 18 nts;sp kw;Wk; 27 ntz;fykhFk;.

59
o Nkhp Nfhk;> rpth jhgh> vy;.rhpjh Njtp kw;Wk; ekd; jhd;th; jq;fk;
ntd;Ws;sJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

19. mG+h;tp rhz;byh ve;j tpisahl;Lld; njhlh;Gilath;?


tpil: Jg;ghf;fp RLjy;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpd; mG+h;tp rhz;byh ISSF cyf Nfhg;ig iugps; Nghl;bapy;
ngz;fSf;fhd 10 kPl;lh; Vh; iugps; gphptpy; jq;fk; ntd;Ws;shh;
o ,J n[h;kdpapYs;s Kdpr; efhpy; eilngw;W tUtJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

20. nrsut; nrsjhp vd;Dk; tpisahl;L tPuh; ve;j tpisahl;Lld;


njhlh;Gilatuhth;?
tpil: Jg;ghf;fp RLjy;
tpsf;fk;
 cyff; Nfhg;ig Jg;ghf;fp RLk; Nghl;bapy; ,sk; tPuh; nrsut; nrsjhp>
kfsph; gphptpy; uh`p rh;Ndhgl; MfpNahh; jq;fk; ntd;wdh;.
o n[h;kdpapd; kpAdpf; efhpy; eilngw;W tUk; ,g;Nghl;bapy;
Vw;nfdnt kfsph; gphptpy; mG+h;tp re;Njyh jq;fk; ntd;wpUe;jhh;.
o ,e;epiyapy; jdJ Ke;ija cyf rhjidia 245 Gs;spfis
Kwpabj;J 246.3 Gs;spfSld; jq;fk; ntd;whh; nrsut; nrsjhp.

21. 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; cyf fyg;G mzp Ngl;kpz;ld; rhk;gpad;\pg; Nghl;bahd
Rjph;Nkd; Nfhg;igia ntd;wJ ahh;?
tpil : rPdh
tpsf;fk;
 rPdhtpd; ehdpq;fpy; eilngw;w 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; cyff; fyg;G mzp
Ngl;kpz;ld; rhk;gpad;\pg; Nghl;bahd Rjph;Nkd; Nfhg;igia rPdh
ntd;Ws;sJ.
o rPdh Mz;fs; ,ul;ilah; gphpT ngz;fs; xw;iwah; gphpT kw;Wk;
Mz;fs; xw;iwah; gphpT Mfpatw;wpy; [g;ghid tPo;j;jp 11-tJ

60
Kiwahf ,e;jg; gl;lj;ij ntd;Ws;sJ. [g;ghd; ,Jtiu
Rjph;Nkd; Nfhg;igia ntd;wjpy;iy.

tu;;jj
; f epfo;Tfs;

1. ,e;jpahtpd; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp tsh;r;rp tpfpjk; vd;d?


tpil: 7.3 rjtpfpjk;
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpd; kjpg;gL
P fs; kw;Wk; Muha;r;rpfspd; (Ratings & Research) nkhj;j
cs;ehl;L> cw;gj;jpapd; tsh;r;rp tpfpjk; 2019-20 epjp Mz;by; 7.3
rjtPjkhf Fiwe;Js;sJ.

2. ‘cjak;’ vd;Dk; jpwd; Nkk;ghl;L ikak; LIC- My; vq;F njhlq;fg;gl;lJ?


tpil: ngq;fSH
tpsf;fk;
 LIC tPl;Ltrjp epjp (LIC HFL) ngq;fSupy; xU jpwd; Nkk;ghl;L ikakhd
‘cjak;’ -j;ij mwpKfg;gLj;jpAs;sJ
o ,J Nyhf; ghujp fy;tp rq;fj;Jld; ,ize;J nray;gLk; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ

3. /Ngk; (FAME) jpl;lj;jpd; jpl;lfhyk;?


tpil : 2030
tpsf;fk;
 /Ngk; jpl;l ntw;wpf;F cs;ehl;L gq;fspg;G mtrpak; vd ,e;jpa njhopy;
Jiw $l;likg;G fUj;J njhptpj;Js;sJ.
o vnyf;l;hpf; thfd gad;ghl;il Cf;Ftpf;f kj;jpa muR /Ngk;
(FAME) jpl;lj;ij nfhz;L te;jJ.
o jpl;lj;jpd; Nehf;fk; - 2030-k; Mz;Lf;Fs; ,e;jpah vnyf;l;hpf;
thfd gad;ghl;by; jd;epiwT ngWtJ.

61
4. kpfTk; kjpg;Gkpf;f tq;fp (most valued bank) vd;Dk; gl;baypy; Kjyplj;jpy;
,Uf;Fk; tq;fp vJ?
tpil: HDFC tq;fp.
tpsf;fk;
 kpfTk; kjpg;Gkpf;f tq;fp vd;Dk; gl;baypy; Kjy; Kiwahf jdpahh;
tq;fpahd YES tq;fp 3 epiyfs; gp;d;js;sp 10-tJ ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ
o ,e;jg; gl;baypd; Kjyplj;jpy; HDFC tq;fp ,Ug;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

5. 2018-19 epjpahz;bd; tq;fp fld; rjtPjk; vd;d?


tpil : 13.2%
tpsf;fk;
 2018-19 epjpahz;by; tq;fp fld; rjtPjk; 13.2% khf
tsh;r;rpaile;Js;sJ.
o fle;j epjpahz;bd; tq;fp fld; 10.3% rjtPjkhf ,Ue;jJ vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
o mjDld; itg;G njhifAk; 6.7% rjtPjj;jpypUe;J ,e;j Mz;L
10% rjtPjkhf cah;e;Js;sJ.

6. 7-tJ nghUshjhu fzf;nfLg;G vg;NghJ njhlq;FfpwJ?


tpil : [_d; 1
tpsf;fk;
 nghUshjhuf; fzf;nfLg;Gf;F nry;yplg;Ngrp nraypfisg; gad;gLj;j
kj;jpa Gs;spapy; Jiw mikr;rfk; jpl;lk;.
o ehl;bd; 7-tJ nghUshjhu fzf;nfLg;G [Pd;1 md;W njhlq;FfpwJ.

7. fhh;g; SME Rtpjh (Corp SME Suvidha) vd;Dk; jpl;lj;ij ntspapl;lth; ahh;?
tpil : P.V. ghujp
tpsf;fk;

62
 GST ,y; gjpT nra;j MSME epWtdq;fSf;fhf fhh;gg
; Nu\d; tq;fp
“fhh;g; SME Rtpjh” (Corp SME Suvidha) vd;Dk; jpl;lj;ij
mwpKfg;gLj;jAs;sdh;.
o ,jid me;j tq;fpapd; eph;thf ,af;Feh; kw;Wk; jiyik eph;thf
mjpfhhpahd P.V. ghujp kq;fS&tpy; ntspapl;lhh;.

8. may;ehl;Lr; re;ijapy; krhyh gj;jpuj;ij gl;baypLk; Kjy; ,e;jpa


khepyk; vJ?
tpil : Nfush
tpsf;fk;
 Nfus cl;fl;likg;G KjyPl;L epjp thhpaj;jpd; %yk; toq;fg;gl;l
krhyh gj;jpuq;fis gl;baypLtjd; %yk; gd;dhl;Lr; re;ijia mZFk;
ehl;bd; Kjy; Jiz ,iwahz;ik epWtdkhf Nfush khwpAs;sJ.
yz;lid gq;Fr;re;ijapy; th;j;jfj;ij njhlq;fpa Kjy; ehsd;W>
me;ehl;bd; jiytuhd gpduha; tp[ad; jiytuhf ,Ue;jhh; vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

9. “Bank on Wheels” vd;Dk; trjpia njhlq;fpa tq;fp vJ?


tpil: ,e;jpad; Xth;rP]; tq;fp
tpsf;fk;
 jkpo;ehL kw;Wk; Nfush nkhj;jk; 14 khtl;lq;fspy; “rf;fuq;fspy; tq;fp”
“Bank on Wheels” vd;Dk; trjp Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;W ,e;jpa
Xth;rP]; tq;fp (IOB) mwptpj;Js;sJ.
o ,e;j trjp nghJ kf;fSf;F> Fwpg;ghf %j;j Fbkf;fSf;F
cjTk; tifapy; Kf;fpa khtl;lq;fspy; Fwpg;gpl;l ,lq;fspy;
Vw;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ

Kf;fpa jpdq;fs;

1. ru;tNjr [h]; jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?

63
tpil Vg;uy; 30
tpsf;fk;
 rh;tNjr [h]; jpdk; Vg;uy; 30 md;W Mz;LNjhWk; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o ,J 2011 ,y; If;fpa ehLfspd; fy;tp> mwptpay; kw;Wk; fyhr;rhu
mikg;ghy; mwptpf;fg;gl;l xU ru;tNjr jpdkhFk;.
o ,e;ehs; UNESCO ey;nyz;z J}jUk; [h]; gpahdp];l;Lkhd n`h;gp
`hd;fhf; vd;gtuhy; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.

2. rh;tNjr njhopyhsh;fs; jpdk; ve;j ehspy; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: Nk 1
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 1 Mk; Njjp ru;tNjr njhopyhsu; jpdkhf mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,J
njhopyhsu;fspd; eyid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf ,e;ehs; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o ,jid Nk jpdk; vd;Wk; miog;gu;.
o ,jd; ikaf;fUj;J : “midtUf;Fk; epiyahd Xa;t+jpak; : r%f
gq;Fjhuh;fspd; gq;F” “ r%f kw;Wk; nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpf;fhf
njhopyhsh;fis xd;wpizj;jy;”

3. cyf ^dh (tuna) jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: Nk- 2
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 2 Mk; ehs; cyd ^dh fly; #oy; mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,J fly;
#oy; kw;Wk; cyfnghUshjhuj;jpy; ,k;kPdpd;
Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij epidTgLj;Jtjw;fhf mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

4. rHtNjr gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpu jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: Nk- 3
tpsf;fk;
 rHtNjr gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpu jpdk; Nk 3 md;W mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

64
o 2019 Mz;bw;fhd fUj;JU: “[dehafj;jpw;fhd Clfk;: gj;jphpf;if
kw;Wk; jtwhd jfty;fspy; NjHTfs;” Theme- “Media for
Democracy : Journalism & Elections in Times of Disinformation”.
o 2019 Mk; Mz;L vy;iyfs; mw;w nra;jpahsHfs; mikg;ghy;
(Reporters without Boders) elj;jg;gl;l Ma;tpy; cyfstpy; 180
ehLfspd; gl;baypy; gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpuj;jpy; ,e;jpah 140 tJ
,lj;jpy; cs;sJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gpljf;fJ.
o ,J I.eh nghJ rigapdhy; brk;gH 1993 ,y; mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ.

5. “ghuj; /iggH” vd;Dk; Nrit Kjd; Kjypy; vq;F njhlq;fTs;sJ?


tpil: Gy;thkh
tpsf;fk;
 muRf;F nrhe;jkhd njhiy njhlHG epWtdkhd BSNL Gy;thkhtpy;
Mg;bfy; /iggH rhHe;j mjpNtf gpuhl;Ngz;l; Nritia Kjd;Kjypy;
njhlq;fTs;sJ.
o mjd; ngaH “ghuj; /iggu;” (Bharat Fibre) vd;gjhFk; .

6. kq;fSUtpy; njhlq;fg;gl;l midj;J kfspH Nuhe;J gilapd; ngaH vd;d?


tpil: uhzp mghf;fh gil
tpsf;fk;
 kq;fSU NghyP]; fkp\dH re;jPgg
P hy; kfspH kw;Wk; Foe;ijfs;
njhlHghd gpur;ridfis ifahStjw;fhd ngz;fs; kl;LNk nfhz;l
NghyP]; Nuhe;J gphpthd “uhzp mghf;fh gilia” Jtf;fp itj;jhH.
o 16 Mk; E}w;whz;by; NghHr;RfPrpaHfSld; Nghuhba cy;yhypd;
uhzpahd mghf;fh mtHfsJ epidthf ,g;ngaH #l;lg;gl;lJ.

7. n[h;khdpa jj;Jt Qhdp fhh;y; khf;]; gpwe;j jpdk; vJ?


tpil : Nk 5
tpsf;fk;
 n[h;khdpa jj;Jt Qhdp fhh;y; khf;]; gpwe;j jpdk; Nk 5.
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o nghJTilik nfhs;ifapd; je;ijahf ,th; fUjg;gLfpwhh;.

8. jghy; jiy ve;j Mz;L ,e;jpahtpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ?


tpil: 1854
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpahtpy; Kjy; jghy; jiy 1854 Nk 6-k; Njjp ntspaplg;gl;lJ.
o 1854-k; Mz;L ly;n`srp gpuG miuahd jghy; jiy Kiwia
nfhz;L te;jhh;.
o etPd ,e;jpahtpd; rpw;gpahf ly;n`srp gpuG Nghw;wg;gLfpwhh;.

9. cyf jlfs jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil : Nk 7
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 7 Mk; Njjp Mz;LNjhWk; cyf jlfs jpdk; mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o rpwhh;fs; kw;Wk; ,isQh;fspilNa ,t;tpisahl;il
Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf ,J nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o rh;tNjr jlfs / nglNu\d;dhy; ,J Kjd; Kjypy; 1996 Mz;L
nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ.

10. cyf M];Jkh jpdj;jpd; ikaf;fUj;J vd;d?


tpil: “M];Jkhtpw;Fj; jil” – “STOP for Asthma”
tsf;fk;
 Nk 7 Mk; Njjp cyf M];Jkh jpdk; mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ,J GINA (Global Inititative for Asthma), cyf M];Jkh
mwf;fl;lis kw;Wk; Njrpa ,ja EiuaPuy; kw;Wk; ,uj;j epWtdk;
(NHLB) MfpNahuhy; Mjhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ika fUj;J: “M];Jkhtpw;Fj; jil” – “STOP for Asthma”.
o STOP vd;gJ Symptom evaluation, Test response. Observe and assess,
Proceed to adjust treatment.

11. 2019 Mz;bd; cyf nrQ;rpYit jpdj;jpd; ikaf;fUj;J vd;d?


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tpil: # md;G
tpsf;fk;
 cyf nrQ;rpYit kw;Wk; nrk;gpiw ehs; Nk 8-k; ehsd;W midj;J
ehLfspYk; nfhz;lhlg;gl;L tUfpwJ. KjyhtJ Nehgy; tpUijg;
ngw;wtUk; nrQ;rpYitr; rq;fj;jpd; Muk;gfhh;j;jhTkhd n`d;wp
ba+dz;l; gpwe;j ehshd (Nk 8> 1828) ,e;ehs; 1948-k; Mz;bypUe;J
rpwg;G ehshf mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;lJ.
o ,e;j Mz;Lf;fhd ikaf;fUj;J “# md;G” vd;gjhFk;
o Theme – “# love”

12. cyf jyrPkpah jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil : Nk 8
tpsf;fk;
o cyf jyrPkpah jpdk; Nk 8 md;W nfhz;lhlg;gl;lJ.
o ,e;ehspd; ikaf;fUj;J: “midtUf;Fk; jukhd jyrPkpah Rfhjhu
Nritfs;: NehahspfSf;fhf NehahspfSld; ,ize;J
nray;gLjy;”.

13. utPe;jpuehj; jh$uhy; njhlq;fg;gl;l gy;fiyfofj;jpd; ngah; vd;d?


tpil : tp\;t ghujp gy;fiyfofk;
tpsf;fk;
 tq;fhs ,yf;fpak; kw;Wk; ,iria kWrPuikj;j ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy;
Nehgy; ghpR ngw;wth; utPe;jpuehj; jh$u; mth;fspd; 158 tJ gpwe;j ehs;
2019 Mk; Mz;L Nk 9 Mk; Njjp mDrupf;fg;gl;lJ.
o mth; rhe;jp epNfjdj;jpy; tp\;t ghujp gy;fiyf;fofj;ij
njhlq;fpdhh;.
o utPe;jpuehj; jh$upd; gpwe;j ehs; nghrpN\ Nghap\hf; (Pochise
Boishakh) 2019 vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

14. cyfshtpa rhiy ghJfhg;G thuk; vj;jid Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw


nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?
67
tpil : ,uz;L
tpsf;fk;
 5tJ If;fpa ehLfspd; cyfshtpa rhiy ghJfhg;G thuk; Nk 6 Kjy;
12> 2019 tiu mDrupf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,J ,uz;L Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw
nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o ,jw;fhd ikafUj;J : “rhiy ghJfhg;Gf;fhd jiyikj;Jtk;”
vd;gJ jhd;
o Theme : “ Leadership for Road Safety”

15. Year of Next of kin ve;j Mz;L mDrhpf;fg;gl;lJ?


tpil : 2019
tpsf;fk;
 ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpdhy; 2019-Mk; Mz;L mLj;j cwtpdhpd; Mz;L
(Year of Next of kin) vd;W mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ,jd; %yk; Nghhpy; caphpoe;j tPuhpd; FLk;gj;jpdh;> Kd;dhs;
,uhZt tPuh;fs; kw;Wk; gzpahw;Wk; ,uhZt tPuh;fSf;fhd
eyjpl;lq;fs; (k) xa;t+jpak; njhlh;ghd gpur;ridfis
jPh;g;gjw;fhd eltbf;iffis vLf;f jpl;lkpl;Ls;sdh;.

16. ahUila gpwe;j ehis Kd;dpl;L nrtpypah; jpdk; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: /g;Nshud;]; iel;bq;Nfypd;
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 12 rh;tNjr nrtpypah; jpdk;
o /g;Nshud;]; iel;bq;Nfypd; gpwe;j jpdj;ij Kd;dpl;L Nk 12-k; ehs;
nrtpypah; jpdkhf nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.

17. cyf FLk;g jpdk; vg;NghJ nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil : Nk 15
tpsf;fk;
 cyf FLk;g jpdk; Nk 15

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o FLk;gj;ij rkj;Jtj;NjhL elj;JtJ FLk;g td;Kiwia jLj;jy;
Nghd;w tpopg;Gzh;Tfis FLk;gq;fspy; Vw;gLj;j Mz;L NjhWk;
Nk-15 rh;tNjr FLk;g jpdk; nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.

18. ,e;jpa ePh;g; ghrdj;jpd; je;ij vd mwpag;gLgth; ahh;? mth; gpwe;j jpdk;?
tpil : rh; Mh;jh; fhl;ld;> Nk 15
tpsf;fk;
 “,e;jpa ePh;g; ghrdj;jpd; je;ij” vd mwpag;gLk; rh; Mh;jh; fhl;ld;
gpwe;j jpdk; Nk 15

19. cyf NjdPf;fs; jpdk; vd;W mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ?


tpil : Nk 20
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 20> 2019 Mk; ehs; cyf NjdPf;fs; jpdkhf mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ
o 18-Mk; E}w;whz;by; NjdP tsh;gG
; Kiwapy; Gjpa Kiwia
nfhz;L te;jtuhd md;ld; [hd;rhtpd; gpwe;j ehs; Nk 20 vd;gJ
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

20. SI ve;j Mz;L nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ?


tpil: 1875
tpsf;fk;
 xt;nthU Mz;Lk; Nk 20 Mk; Njjp cyf mstpay; (Metrology) jpdk;
nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ
o Kjd; Kjyhf 1875Mk; Mz;L 17 ehLfs; xd;W Nrh;eJ; cyfpy;
cs;s midj;J ehLfSk; xNu mstpid gad;gLj;j rh;tNjr
mstpaiy cUthf;fpdh;. ,jd; %ykhf ntt;Ntwplj;jpy;
cw;gj;jpahFk; nghUl;fis xd;wpizf;f rh;tNjr mstpay;
gad;gLfpwJ.
o ,e;ehspd; 2019 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd ikaf;fUj;J “myFfspd;
rh;tNjr mikg;G (SI) mbg;gilapy; rpwe;jJ” vd;gjhFk;

69
o The theme of World Metrology Day 2019 is “The International System of
Units Fundamentally better”

21. 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; rh;tNjr gy;Yaph; jd;ik jpdj;jpd; ikaf;fUj;J vd;d?
tpil: “ ek; gy;Yaph;jd;ik> ek; czT> ek; MNuhf;fpak;
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 22> 2019 rh;tNjr gy;Yaph; jd;ikapd; jpdkhf mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ
o ,e;ehs; If;fpa ehLfspd; nghJ rigahy; 1993 Mk; Mz;L
nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ.
o ,e;ehspd; ikaf;fUj;J “ ek; gy;Yaph;jd;ik> ek; czT> ek;
MNuhf;fpak;

22. Rtpl;rh;yhe;J ehl;bd; Njrpa mwptpay; jpdk; vg;nghOJ


nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?
tpil: Nk 26
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 26 Rtpl;rHyhe;J ehl;bd; Njrpa mwptpay; jpdkhf
nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o fhuzk;- Kd;dhs; FbauR jiytH mg;Jy;fyhk; FbauR
jiytuhf ,Ue;j NghJ Rtpl;rHyhe;J ehl;bw;F Nk 26> 2005
Rw;Wgazk; Nkw;nfhz;lhH. mjd; epidthf ,e;ehs;
nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.

23. cyf ijuha;L jpdk; vd;W mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ?


tpil : Nk 25
tpsf;fk;
 Nk 25 Mk; ehs; cyf ijuha;L jpdkhf mDrhpf;fg;gLfpwJ.
o ijuha;L FiwghL gw;wpa tpopg;Gzh;T Vw;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 2008 Mk;
Mz;L Kjd;Kjyhf mnkhpf;f ijuha;L fofk; (AIA) kw;Wk;
INuhg;gpa ijuha;L fofk; (ETA) ,ize;J ,e;ehis nfhz;lhbdh;
vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.
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24. 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; rh;tNjr I.eh mikjp gil tPuh;fspd; jpdj;jpd;
fUj;JU vd;d?
tpil: “Fbkf;fis ghJfhj;jy;> mikjpia ghJfhj;jy;”
tpsf;fk;
 xt;nthU Mz;Lk; Nk 29 md;W rh;tNjr I.eh mikjpg; gil tPuh;fs;
jpdk; mDrhpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
o ,j;jpdkhdJ I.ehtpd; mikjpf; fhg;Gg; gzpfSf;F kjpg;gpl
,ayhj gq;fspg;Gfis mspj;j rPUil kw;Wk; Fbkf;fs;
gzpahsh;fSf;F khpahij nrYj;Jtjw;fhd xU tha;gg ; pid
toq;Ffpd;wJ.
o 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; ,j;jpdj;jpd; fUj;JU “Fbkf;fisg;
ghJfhj;jy;> mikjpiag; ghJfhj;jy;” vd;gjhFk;.
o Theme: “Protecting Civilians Protecting Peace”.

25. khjtplha; Rfhjhu jpdk; vd;W nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: Nk 28
tpsf;fk;
 khjtplha; Rfhjhu jpdk; vd;w xU tUlhe;jpu tpopg;Gzh;Tj; jpdkhdJ
Nk khjk; 28 Mk; Njjp mDrhpf;fg;gl;lJ.
o ,J rpwe;j khjtplha; Rfhjhu Nkyhz;ikapd; (menstrual hygiene
management – MHM) Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ.
o ,J n[h;kdpapy; cs;s muR rhuh mikg;ghd th\; Aidnll;
(WASH United) vd;w mikg;ghy; 2014 Mk; Mz;by;
njhlq;fg;gl;lJ.
o 1947Mk; Mz;L Kjy; [g;ghdpd; njhopyhsh; rl;lq;fs;
ngz;fSf;F khjtplha; fhyj;jpy; tpLg;Gfis mspf;fpd;wJ.

26. ru;tNjr vtnu];l; jpdk; vd;W mDrupf;fg;gLfpwJ?


tpil: Nk 29
tpsf;fk;
71
 ru;tNjr vtnu];l; jpdk; xt;nthU Mz;Lk; 29 Nk md;W
mDrupf;fg;gLfpwJ
o fhj;khz;L> Neghsk; kw;Wk; vtnu];l; gpuhe;jpaj;jpy; epidT
epfo;Tfs; kw;Wk; rpwg;G epfo;Tfs; Mfpait nfhz;lhlg;gLfpwJ.
o epA+rpyhe;jpy; ,Ue;J ru; vl;kz;l; `pyhup kw;Wk; Neghspy; ,Ue;J
nld;rpq; Nehu;Nf n\u;gh MfpNahu; 29 Nk 1953 md;W vtnu];l;
rpfuj;ij mile;jdu;.

Gj;jfk;

1. “fhe;jp : jp iul;lu;” Gj;jfj;jpd; Mrpupau; ahu;?


tpil : ghghzp gl;lhr;rhu;ah
tpsf;fk;
 r%f – ajhu;j;j GidTfis vOjpa ghghzp gl;lhr;rhu;ah “fhe;jp : jp
iul;lu;” Gj;jfj;ij vOjpdhu;.
o ,tu; ,e;Njh-Mq;ypad; ,yf;fpaj;jpd; r%f upayprk; gs;spia
Nru;e;jtu; vd tptupf;fg;gLfpwhh;.

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