Sunteți pe pagina 1din 33

www.nammakalvi.

org
xU kjpg;ngz; tpdh- tpilfs;
ghlk; - 1

rupahd tpiliaj; NjHT nra;f.

1. vOj;Jf;fs; mwpKfkhtjw;F Ke;ija fhyfl;lk; ............................ vdg;gLfpwJ.

(m) tuyhw;Wf;F Ke;ija fhyk; (M) tuyhw;Wf; fhyk; (,) goq; fw;fhyk;

(<) Gjpa fw;fhyk;

2. tuyhw;wpd; goikahd fhyk; ................................... MFk;.

(m) goq; fw;fhyk; (M) Gjpa fw;fhyk; (,) nrk;Gf; fhyk; (<) ,Uk;Gf; fhyk;

3. goq; fw;fhyf; fUtpfs; Kjd;Kjypy; ................ ,y; milahsk; fhzg;gl;ld.

(m) 1860 (M) 1863 (,) 1873 (<) 1883

4. kj;jpa gpuNjrj;jpy; cs;s Nrhd; gs;sj;jhf;fpy; cs;s ghNfhH -1> ghNfhH-3

Mfpait ............................................ ehfupfk; epytpa ,lq;fs;.

(m) fPo;g;goq; fw;fhyk; (M) ,ilg;goq; fw;fhyk; (,) Nky;goq; fw;fhyk;

(<) Gjpa fw;fhyk;

5. nk`HfhH .......................................... gz;ghl;Lld; njhlHGilaJ.

(m) gioa fw;fhyk; (M) Gjpa fw;fhyk; (,) ,ilf; fw;fhyk; (<) nrk;Gf;fhyk;

6. .................................... fy;ntl;Lf; Fwpg;Gfs; nkrgNlhkpahTf;Fk; `ug;ghTf;Fk;

,ilNaahd tzpfj; njhlHGfisf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd.

(m) f;a+dpghHk; (M) i`Nuhf;isgpf;]; (,) Njtehfup (<) fNuh\;b

7. gHrN`hk; ................................... epytpa ,lkhFk;

(m) fh\;kPupd; Gjpa fw;fhyg; gz;ghL

(M) fq;ifr; rkntspapd; Gjpafw;fhyg; gz;ghL

(,) fpof;fpe;jpahtpd; Gjpa fw;fhyg; gz;ghL

(<) njd;dpe;jpahtpd; Gjpa fw;fhyg; gz;ghL

8. njhlf;f `ug;gh fhyfl;lk; vd;gJ ................................... MFk;.

(m) ngh.M.K. 3000 - 2600 (M) ngh.M.K. 2600 - 1900

1
,) ngh.M.K. 1900 - 1700 (<) ngh.M.K. 1700 - 1500

9. `ug;gh kf;fSf;F Kf;fpakhd tho;thjhu topKiwahf ..................... ,Ue;jJ.

(m) Ntshz;ik (M) kl;ghz;lk; nra;jy; (,) iftpidj; njhopy;fs;

(<) kPd; gpbj;jy;

10.rpe;J ehfupfk; Vwj;jho ..................................... ypUe;J tPo;r;rp mile;jJ.

(m) ngh.M.K.1800 (M) ngh.M.K.1900 (,) ngh.M.K.1950 (<) ngh.M.K.1955

ghlk; - 2

1. Ntjg; ghly;fspd; Kf;fpa njhFg;gpd; ngaH ...................................

(m) gpuhkzq;fs; (M) rq;fpijfs; (,) Muz;afq;fs; (<) cgepljq;fs;

2. Nky; fq;ifr; rkntspg; gFjp vt;thW miof;fg;gLfpwJ?

(m) FUghQ;ryk; (M) fq;ifr; rkntsp (,) rpe;Jntsp (<) tpNjfh

3. Mjpr;rey;Y}H ..................................... khtl;lj;jpy; mike;Js;sJ.

(m) Nfhak;Gj;J}H (M) jpUney;Ntyp (,) J}j;Jf;Fb (<) NtY}H

4. fPo;fhZk; ,izfis ftdpf;fTk;.

(i) Nrdhdp - gilj;jsgjp

(ii) fpuhkzp - fpuhkj; jiytH

(iii) gyp - jd;dhHtj;jhy; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ

(iv) GNuhfpjH - MSeH

Nkw;fz;ltw;wpy; ve;j ,iz jtwhdJ?

(m) i (M) ii (,) iii (<) iv

5. $w;W ($) : Kw;fhy Ntjfhyj;jpy; Foe;ijj; jpUkzk; ,Ue;jjw;fhd

rhd;W ,y;iy.

fhuzk; (fh) : gpd; Ntjfhyj;jpy; ngz;fs; rlq;Ffspy; ,Ue;J tpyf;fp

itf;fg;gl;ldH.

(m) $w;Wk; fhuzKk; rupahdit. fhuzk; $w;iw tpsf;FfpwJ.

(M) $w;Wk; fhuzKk; rupahdit. Mdhy; fhuzk; $w;iw tpsf;ftpy;iy .

2
(,) $w;W rupahdJ. fhuzk; jtwhdJ. (<) $w;W fhuzk; ,uz;Lk; rupahdit.

ghlk; - 3

1. Gj;jH jdJ Kjy; Nghjidia ..................................... ,y; epfo;j;jpdH.

(m) rhQ;rp (M) thuzhrp (,) rhuehj; (<) Yk;gpdp

2. m[hj rj;UTf;Fk; Gj;jUf;Fk; ,ilNaahd re;jpg;igf; Fwpg;gpLk; ngsj;j

E}y; ......................................... MFk;.

(m) rPtfrpe;jhkzp (M) mr;ruq;f #j;jpuk; (,) fy;g#j;jpuk; (<) rkz;zg Rj;jk;

3. gftjp #j;jpuk; xU ..................................... E}yhFk;

(m) ngsj;jk; (M) rkzk; (,) MrPtfk; (<) Ntjk;

4. .............................. Ntshz;ik Kiwia Nkk;gLj;jpajpy; Kf;fpag; gq;fhw;wpaJ.

(m) ,Uk;G (M) ntz;fyk; (,) nrk;G (<) gpj;jis

5. tl ,e;jpahtpy; 16 kfh[dgjq;fspy; typik gilj;jjhf tsHe;j muR

..................................... MFk;.

(m) Nfhryk; (M) mte;jp (,) kfjk; (<) FU

ghlk; - 4

1. mNrhfuJ J}z;fspy; cs;s gpuhkp vOj;JfSf;F nghUs; fz;Lgpbj;jtH

....................................... Mthh;.

(m) jhk]; rhz;lH]; (M) N[k;]; gpupd;nrg; (,) rH[hd; khH\y;

(<) tpy;ypak; N[hd;];

2. kfjj;jpd; Kjy; muruhf mwpag;gLgtH> `Haq;fh tk;rj;ij NrHe;j

............................................

(m) gpk;gprhuH (M) m[hrj;U (,) mNrhfH (<) kfhgj;k ee;jH

3. mnyf;rhz;lH ,e;jpah kPJ gilnaLj;J te;jNghJ kfjj;jpd; muruhf

,Ue;jtH ................................... Mthh;.

(m) kfhgj;k ee;jH (M) jd ee;jH (,) gpe;JrhuH (<) gpk;gprhuH

4. ..................... vd;w ,yq;ifapy; fpilj;j> ghypapy; vOjg;gl;l tpupthd tuyhw;W

3
www.nammakalvi.org
E}y; nksupag; NguuR gw;wp mwpe;Jnfhs;s cjTk; Kf;fpakhd rhd;whFk;.

(m) kfhtk;rk; (M) jPgtk;rk; (,) gpukhzk; (<) Kj;uhuhl;rrk;

5. ................................... vd;w tprhfjj;jupd; ehlfk; re;jpuFg;jH gw;wpAk;> mtH

kfjg; Nguurpd; mupaiz VwpaJ gw;wpAk; $WfpwJ.

(m) Kj;uhuhl;rrk; (M) uh[juq;fpzp (,) mHj;jrh];jpuk; (<) ,z;bfh

6. nkf];jdp]; vOjpa ..................................... re;jpuFg;jupd; muritiaAk;>

mtuJ epHthfj;ijAk; tptupf;fpwJ.

(m) ,z;bfh (M) Kj;uhuhl;rrk; (,) m\;lj;ahap (<) mHj;jrh];jpuk;

7. ..................................... ey;y epHthfk; gw;wpa topfhl;Lk; E}yhFk;.

(m) mHj;jrh];jpuk; ( M) ,z;bfh ( ,) uh[juq;fpzp (<) Kj;uhuhl;rrk;

ghlk; - 5

1. fupfhyd; ................................... kfdhdthH.

(m) nrq;fz;zd; (M) fLq;Nfh (,) ,sQ;Nrl; nrd;dp (<) mjpakhd;

2. fPo;f;fz;ltw;wpy; ve;j ,iz jtwhdJ.

(i) jiyahyq;fhdk; - neLQ;nropad;

(ii) gl;bdg;ghiy - cUj;jpuq;fz;zdhH

(iii) f[ghF - ,yq;if

(iv) jpUtQ;rpf;fsk; - NrhoH

(m) i (M) ii (,) iii (<) iv

3. ................................... uh[#a ahfj;ij elj;jpdhH

(m) ngUew;fps;sp (M) KJFLkpg; ngUtOjp (,) rpKfh (<) mjpakhd;

4. ,e;jpu tpfhuk; gw;wp ................................... Fwpg;gpLfpwJ.

(m) kzpNkfiy (M) rpyg;gjpfhuk; (,) mNrhfH fy;ntl;L (<) NruH ehzak;

5. ,f;rthFfs; ................................... gFjpapy; typik ngw;wpUe;jdH.

(m) Me;jpu - fHehlfh (M) xbrh (,) jf;fhzg; gFjp (<) gdthrp

6. fPo;f;fhZk; $w;Wfis thrpj;J jtwhd $w;iw ntspf; nfhzHf

4
(i) fsg;gpuHfs; fypaurHfs; vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wdH

(ii) fsg;gpuHfs; irtj;ij Mjupj;jdH

(iii) gy;ytiuAk; ghz;baiuAk; fsg;gpuH Njhw;fbj;jdH

(iv),f;rthFfs; NtjNts;tpfis Mjupj;jdH.

(m) i (M) ii (,) iii (<) iv

ghlk; - 6

1. mnyf;]hz;lupd; jpwd;kpf;f jsgjpfSs; xUtH ...................................

(m) nrypAf]; epNflH (M) md;bNfhd]; (,) mz;bNahf]; (<) nlnkl;upa];

2. nrypAf]; epNfluhy; jiyefuk; ghlypGj;jpuj;Jf;F ...............................................

J}juhf nkf];jdp]; mDg;gg;gl;lhH.

(m) Nuhkhdpa (M) fpNuf;f (,) rPd (<) gpupl;b\;

3. tof;fkhd J}jHfs; kw;Wk; fbjg; gupkhw;wk; .....................................

(m) ,e;jpahtpypUe;J Nkw;Ff;fhd tof;fkhd tzpfj;ijg; ghjpj;jJ.

(M) ,e;jpahtpypUe;J Nkw;Ff;F tof;fkhd tzpfj;jpw;F cjtpaJ .

(,) ,e;jpahtpypUe;J fpof;Ff;F tof;fkhd tzpfj;jpw;F cjtpaJ.

(<) Nkw;$wpa vJTkpy;iy

4. ,e;Njh - fpNuf;f murHfspy; ed;fwpag;gl;ltH.

(m) a+jpnlk]; (M) nlnkl;upa]; (,) kpdhz;lH (<) Mz;bahy;j]l];

5. F\hz ehzaq;fs; ....................... ehzaq;fistpl caHe;j juj;jpy; ,Ue;jd.

(m) Nuhkhdpa (M) fpNuf;f (,) Fg;j (<) rhjthfd

6. ,e;Njh - fpNuf;ff; fiy kw;Wk; rpw;gg; ghzp ..................... vd;W Fwpg;gplg;gl;lJ.

(m) kJuh fiy (M) fhe;jhuf; fiy (,) ghf; fiy (<) ghyh fiy

7. fPo;fz;ltw;wpy; nghUj;jkw;wJ vJ?

(m) Gj;jrupjk; - m\;tNfh\H (M) vupj;upaf; flypd; ngupg;s]; - nkf];jdp];

(,) mHj;jrh];jpuk; - nfsby;aH

(<) fhk#j;jpuk; - thj;rhadH

5
8. rhf rj;ug;fspy; kpfTk; Gfo; ngw;wtH .....................................

m) nkhf M) Uj;ujhkd; ,) m]p]; <) aNrhtHkd;

9. INuhg;ghTf;Fk; ,e;jpahTf;Fk; ,ilapyhd tzpfj;jpd; jd;ikfs; nghJ

Mz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpy; khwpajw;Ff; fhuzk;.

(i) ngh.M.K. filrp E}w;whz;bd; Kbtpy; kj;jpaj; jiuf;fly; cyfpd;

ngUQ;rf;jpahf Nuhk; vOr;rpAw;wJ.

(ii) mNugpaf; flypy; tPRk; gUtf; fhw;Wfspd; fhyKiw ,ay;Gfs; ngh.M.

Kjy; E}w;whz;by; `pg;ghy]hy; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;lJ.

(m) (i) rup (M) (ii) rup (M) (i) rup (M) (ii) jtW

(,) (i)(ii) ,uz;LNk rup (<) (i)(ii) ,uz;LNk jtW.

10. ..................................... gFjpapy; Nuhkhdpa ehzaq;fs; mfo;e;njLf;fg;gl;ld.

(m) mupf;fNkL (M) Mjpr;rey;Y}H (,) GfhH (<) gy;yhtuk;.

ghlk; - 7

1. Fg;jH fhyk; Fwpj;j fPo;f;fz;l rhd;Wfspd; vJ ek;g KbahjJ vd;W ePq;fs;

fUJfpwPHfs;?

(m) ,yf;fpar; rhd;Wfs; (M) fy;ntl;Lr; rhd;Wfs; (,) ehzar; rhd;Wfs;

(<) fijfs;> Guhzq;fs;

2. nghUj;Jf.

,yf;fpag; gilg;G vOjpatH

1. #upa rpj;jhe;jh - jd;te;jpup

2. mkuNfh\h - tuh`kpfpuh

3. gpU`j;rk;`pjh - `hpNrdh (Mupagl;lu;)

4. MAHNtjh - mkurpk;kh

(m) 4> 3> 1> 2 (M) 4> 1> 2> 3 (,) 4> 2> 1> 3 (<) 4> 3> 2> 1

3. ................................................... f;F ftpuh[h vd;W gl;lk; mspf;fg;gl;lJ.

(m) Kjyhk; re;jpu Fg;jH (M) rKj;jpu Fg;jH (,) ,uz;lhk; re;jpu Fg;jH

6
www.nammakalvi.org
(<) =Fg;jH

4. .................................................. vd;w rPdg; gazp ngh.M. Ie;jhk; E}w;whz;bd;

,e;jpa r%fj;ijf; Fwpj;J tpupthf vOjpAs;shH.

(m) ,l;rpq; (M) Athd;-Rthq; (,) gh`pahd; (<) thq;-Athd;-rP

5. fPo;f;fz;ltw;wpy; vJ Fg;jH fhyj;Jf; Filtiu Fiff; Nfhapy; ,y;iy?

(m) cjafpup Fif (xbrh) (M) m[e;jh- vy;Nyhuh Fif (kfhuh\;buh)

(,) vypgz;lh Fif (kfhuh\;buh) (<) ghf; (kj;jpag; gpuNjrk;)

6. jHf;fk; Fwpj;j Kjy; KOikahd ngsj;j E}iy vOjpatH .............................

(m) jpq;fehfH (M) tRge;J (,) re;jpufhkpah (<) tuhfkpfpuH

7. ..................................... vd;gJ fhspjhrupd; Kf;fpakhd ftpijg; gilg;ghFk;.

(m) rhFe;jyk; (M) uFtk;rk; (,) Fkhurk;gtk; (<) NkfJ}jk;

ghlk; - 8

1. gpughfu tHj;jdH jdJ kfs; uh[;a=ia ...................................................

vd;gtUf;Fj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhLj;jhH.

(m) fpuftHkd; (M) NjtFg;jH (,) rrhq;fd; (<) G\;aGj;jpuH

2. `H\H fd;Ndhrpapd; mupaizia .................................... ,d; mwpTiuapd; gb

Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhH.

(m) fpuftHkd; (M) mtNyhfpNj\;tu Nghjprj;tH (,) gpughfutHj;jdH

(<) Nghdp

3. ........................ vd;gtH maYwT kw;Wk; NghHfs; njhlHghd mikr;rH MthH.

(m) Fe;jyh (M) ghD (,) mte;jp ( <) rHthfjh

4. fPo;fz;ltw;Ws; `H\uhy; vOjg;gl;l E}y; vJ?

(m) `H\rupjk; (M) gpupajH\pfh (,) mHj;jrh];jpuh (<) tpf;uk CHtrpak;

5. fPo;fz;ltw;Ws; jtwhdJ vJ?

(m) jHkghyH NrhkGupapy; ngupanjhU ngsj;j tpfhiuiaf; fl;bdhH.

(M) ,uhkghyH ,uhkrupjj;ij vOjpdhH .

(,) kfpghyH fPjq;fs; tq;fhs fpuhkg; gFjpfspy; ,g;NghJk; ghlg;gLfpd;wd.

7
(<) nfslghlH Mfk rhj;jpuj;ij ,aw;wpdhH.

ghlk; - 9

1. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ rupahf ,izf;fg;gltpy;iy?

(m) %d;whk; Nfhtpe;jd; - thjhgp (M) utpfPHj;jp - ,uz;lhk; GypNfrp

(,) tp\ak; - uh\;l;bu$lH (<) ek;kho;thH - FU$H

2. NjHe;njLj;Jg; nghUj;Jf.

(i) rpk;ktp\;Z - rhSf;fpah (ii) Kjyhk; n[narpk;kd; - uh\;l;bu$lH (gy;ytu;)

(iii) Kjyhk; Mjpj;jd; - fg;gy; jsk; (iv) khky;yGuk; - Nrhomurd;

(m) 4> 3> 1> 2 (M) 4> 1> 2> 3 (,) 2> 1> 4> 3 (<) 4> 3> 2> 1

3. fhk;Ngh[k; vd;gJ etPd .....................................

(m) m];]hk; (M) Rkj;uh (,) Mdk; (<) fk;Nghbah

4. ..................................... rkzHfshy; epWtg;gl;l xU kj ikak;

(m) rutz ngynfhyh (M) kJiu (,) fhQ;rp (<) fOFkiy

5. mur FLk;gk; njhlHghd rlq;Ffis elj;Jtjw;fhfr; rhSf;fpauhy;

fl;lg;gl;l Nfhapy;fs; vq;F cs;sJ?

(m) In`hy; M) thjhgp (,) NkFb (<) gl;llf;fy;

6. may;ehl;L tzpfHfs; ..................................... vd;W mwpag;gl;ldH.

(m) gl;lzrhkp (M) ehdhNjrp (,) tpNjrp (<) Njrp

7. Mjprq;fuuhy; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;l Nfhl;ghL .....................................

(m) mj;itjk; (M) tprp\;lhj;itjk; (,) irtrpj;jhe;jk; (<) Ntjhe;jk;

ghlk; - 10

1. 8-Mk; E}w;whz;by; mugpaH gilnaLg;gpd; NghJ rpe;J murH

............................................. MthH.

(m) `[;[[; (M) KfkJ-gpd;-fh]pk; (,) n[a rpk;` (<) jhfpH

2. f[pdp khKJ> ,e;jpahTf;Fs; ................................................... Kiw ,uhZtj;

jhf;Fjy;fs; elj;jpdH.

8
(m) 15 (M) 17 (,) 18 (<) 19

3. ghyk; gNthyp fy;ntl;L ..................................... nkhopapy; ,Uf;fpwJ.

(m) rk];fpUjk; (M) ghurPfnkhop (,) mugp (<) cUJ

4. cyfg; Gfo;g;ngw;w f[_uhN`h Nfhapiyf; fl;batHfs; .....................................

(m) uh\;bu$lH (M) NlhkH (,) rz;NlsH (<) gukH

5. kk;Yf; vd;w ngaH xU ..................................... f;fhd muGj; jFjpr;Rl;lhFk;.

(m) mbik (M) murH (,) ,uhzp (<) giltPuH

6. ,g;d; gJ}jh xU ..................................... ehl;Lg; gazp.

(m) nkhuhf;Nfh (M) ngHrpah (,) JUf;fp (<) rPdh

7. murg; gjtpia tpLj;J> jpy;ypapypUe;J tpyfp Kg;gjhz;Lfs; mikjpapy;

tho;e;j xNu Ry;jhd; .....................................

(m) Kghuf; \h (M) Myk; fhd; (,) fprH fhd; (<) Jf;upy; fhd;

8. rupahfg; nghUj;jp> tpiliaj; njupT nra;f.

1. uhkr;re;jpuh - 1. fhfjPa 2. fhd;-,-[`hd; - 2. gj;khtj;

3. khypf; K`kj; n[a;rp - 3. khd;rpq; 4. kd; ke;jpH - 4. Njtfpup

(m) 2> 1> 4> 3 (M) 2> 3> 4> 1 (,) 4> 1> 2> 3 (<) 3> 1> 2> 4

ghlk; - 11

1. .......................................................... fly;topg; gilnaLg;Gfs; =tp[ah muR tiu

tpuptile;jpUe;jd.

(m) %d;whk; FNyhj;Jq;fd; (M) Kjyhk; ,uhN[e;jpud;

(,) Kjyhk; ,uh[uh[d; (<) guhe;jfd;

2. ........................................ gLifapy; ,Ue;j Nrho murpd; ikag;gFjp Nrho

kz;lyk; vdg;gLfpwJ.

(m) itif (M) fhtpup (,) fpU\;zh (<) Nfhjhtup

3. Kjyhk; ,uh[uh[Dk; Kjyhk; ,uhN[e;jpuDk; ,ize;J ....................................

Mz;Lfs; Nrho muir Ml;rp nra;jhHfs;.

9
www.nammakalvi.org
(m) 3 (M) 2 (,) 5 (<) 4

4. ..................................... xU fyj;Jf;Fr; rkk; MFk;.

(m) 28 fp.fp (M) 27 fp.fp (,) 32 fp.fp (<) 72 fp.fp

5. nflh ..................................... ,y; cs;sJ.

(m) kNyrpah (M) rpq;fg;g+H (,) jha;yhe;J (<) fk;Nghbah

6. Kjyhk; ,uh[uh[dpd; Ml;rpapy; khky;yGuk; ........................................... vd;W

miof;fg;gl;l xU FOthy; epHtfpf;fg;gl;lJ.

(m) ehl;lhH (M) khefuk; (,) efuj;jhH (<) CuhH

7. nghUj;Jf.

(1) gil Kfhk; - giltPL (2) Gwf;fhty; gilfs; - jz;lehafk;

(3) jiytH - epiyg;gil (4) gilj;jsgjp - gilKjyp

(m) 1> 3> 4> 2 (M) 4> 2> 1> 3 (,) 2> 1> 3> 4 (<) 1> 4> 2> 3

8. ......................................... ,y; ngw;w ntw;wpapd; epidthf Kjyhk; ,uhN[e;jpud;

fq;ifnfhz;l NrhoGuj;ijf; fl;bdH.

(m) ,yq;if (M) tl ,e;jpah (,) Nfusk; (<) fHehlfh

9. ..................................... ghz;baHfspd; Kjy; jiyefukhFk;.

(m) kJiu (M) fhay;gl;bdk; (,) nfhw;if (<) GfhH

10. ngh.M. 800-Ir; NrHe;j khD}H fy;ntl;L .............................................. epHthfk;

Fwpj;j nra;jpfisj; jUfpd;wJ.

(m) kj;jpa muR (M) fpuhkk; (,) gil (<) khfhzk;

11. twl;rpg; gFjpahd ,uhkehjGuj;jpy; ghz;ba murHfs; ................................ If;

fl;bdhHfs;.

(m) mfopfs; (M) kjFfs; (,) mizfs; (<) Vupfs;

ghlk;-12

1. `up`uH kw;Wk; Gf;fH tp[aefug;Nguuir Vw;gLj;Jk; Kd;ghf......................

,lk; gzp nra;jdH.

10
m) fhfjpaH M ) n`ha;rhsH ,) gP[g;g+H Ry;jhd; <) ahjtH

2. ,gd;gJ}jh............................................ehl;Lg;gazp.

m) nkhuhf;Nfh M ) ntdp\pa ,) NghHj;Jfy; <) rPdh

3. fPo;f;fz;ltw;iw fhy tupirg;gLj;Jf.

m) rq;fktk;rk;> MutPL tk;rk;> rhS ttk;rk;> JS ttk;rk;

M) rq;fktk;rk;> rhS ttk;rk;> JS ttk;rk;> M utPL tk;rk;

,) rhS ttk;rk;> rq;fktk;rk;> JS ttk;rk;> MutPL tk;rk;

<) rq;fktk;rk;> JS ttk;rk;> rhS ttk;rk;> MutPL tk;rk;

4. tp[aefu murpd; mur Kj;jpiu..........................................

m) gd;wp M ) Gyp ,) kPd; <) tpy;

5. .........................................vd;w E}iy fq;fhNjtp vOjpdhH.

m) kDrupj;uh M ) MKf;jkhy;ajh ,) ghz;Luq;fkfhj;kpak; <) kJuhtp[ak;

6. .........................................rq;fktk;rj;jpd; rpwe;jM l;rpahsuhff; fUjg;gl;lhH.

m) Kjyhk;NjtuhaH M ) ,uz;lhk; NjtuhaH

,) fpU\;z NjtuhaH <) tPueurpk;kH

7. fpU\;z NjtuhaH jd; ntw;wpfspd; epidthf ntw;wpj;J}iz vOg;gpa ,lk;

..........................................

m) ngy;fhk; M ) fl;lhf; ,) rpk;khr;ryk; <) ,uh[kNfe;jputuk;

8. ve;j ,U gFjpfspilNa ,ilg;gL ehlhfg; GJf;Nfhl;il ,Ue;jJ

..........................................................

m) Nrho kw;Wk; tp[aefumuRfs; M) Nrho kw;Wk; ghz;ba muRfs;

,) Nru kw;Wk; ghz;ba muRfs; <)Nrhokw;Wk;NrumuRfs;

9. \hehkhitvOjpatH...........................

m) gpHnjsrp M ) ,gpd;gJ}jh ,) epf;NfhNyhbNfhd;b <) Nlhkpq;Nfhga];

10. Kfk;kJ fthd; xU kjurhit epWtp mjpy; 3000 ifnaOj;J E}y;fis

itj;jpUe;j ,lk;................................

11
m) nguhH M ) gP[g;g+H , ) gPlhH <) mfkJ efH

11. ......................................Nfhy;nfhz;lh Nfhl;iliaf;fl;bdhH.

m) ,uh[hfpU\;z Njt; M ) Ry;jhd;FypFJg;ghd;

,) KfkJ fthd; <) ghkd;\h

II. rupahd $w;wpidj; NjHe;njL :

1.tp[aefumurpd;murHfs; Ie;J tk;rq;fshfr; RkhH 300 M z;Lfs; M l;rp

nra;jdH.

2.Me;jpuf; flw;fiug;gFjpfspy; xuprhtpd; f[gjp kw;Wk;


tp[aefumuRfspilNa fLk;NghH eilngw;wJ.

3. mg;JH urhf; xU ghurPfj; J}Jtuhff; nfhr;rpapypUe;j rhKj;jpupapd;

mitf;F te;jhH.

4. ghkpdp murHfs;mjpf mstpy; jq;f ehzaq;fis gy;NtW tifahd

nja;tq;fspd; cUtq;fSld; ntspapl;ldH.

III. fPo;fz;l $w;Wfspy; rupahd tpiliaj; NjHe;njL

m. (i) Kjyhk;KfkJ Vw;gLj;jpa rpwe;j muRmtUf;Fg;gpd; te;j Ry;jhd;fshYk;

kuhj;jpaHfshYk; gpd;gw;wg;gl;lJ.

(ii) fthd; NghHr;RfPrpa Ntjpapay; epGzHfisf;nfhz;L ntbkUe;ijj;

jahH nra;tJ> gad;gLj;JtJ Mfpatw;iwf; fw;Wjur; nra;jhH.

m) (i) kw;Wk (; ii) rup M ) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) jtW

,) (i) rup (ii) jtW <) (i) jtW (ii) rup

M . $w;W ($): kpfr;rupahfj; jhf;Fjy; njhLj;J thuq;fy; kw;Wk; nul;bmuRfshd

uh[Ke;jpup> nfhz;ltPL Mfpad kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jp Mz;LNjhWk;

jpiwnrYj;j itj;jhH.

fhuzk;(fh): ,J mbf;fb NghHfs; Vw;gl top tFj;jJ.

m) $w;W rup> fhuzk; $w;Wf;F rupahd tpsf;fkd;W

M ) $w;W rup> fhuzk; jtW

12
www.nammakalvi.org
,) $w;Wk; jtW fhuzKk; jtW

<) $w;W rup> fhuzj;jpw;F $w;W rupahd tpsf;fkhFk;

IV. nghUj;Jf

i. mg;JHurhf; - 1.u\;ah

ii. epfpbd; - 2.rhS tehaf;fH

iii. nlhkpq;Nfhga]; - 3.ghurPfk;

iv. nry;yg;gh - 4.NghHj;Jfy;

m) 1>2>3>4 M ) 4>3>2>1 ,) 2>1>4>3 <) 3>1>4>2

ghlk;-13

1. mj;itjk; vd;Dk; jj;Jtj;ij ,e;J kjj;jpw;F toq;fpatH

m) Mjprq;fuH M ),uhkhD[H ,),uhkhde;jH <)irjd;aH

2. itjPf Ntjg;gpupTfSf;Fk;> rpukzg;gpupTfSf;Fk; ,ilNa Vw;gl;l

Nkhjy;fisg; gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpLtJ ...................................

m) ,uhkhazk; M ) ghftjGuhzk;

,) jpUj;njhz ;lHfspd;Gfo;ghLk;njhFg;Gfs; <) ghyyPyh

3. $d;ghz;bad; vd;W miof;fg;gl;ltH...................................

m) Kjyhk;kNfe;jputHkd; M ) khwtHkd;mupNfrup

,) eurpk;ktHkd; <) Re;jughz ;bad;

4. rkz kjj;jpypUe;jNghJ mg;gH ,t;thW mwpag;gl;lhH..................................

m) mupNrdh M ) jPHj;jq;fuH ,) rptQhdrpj;jpahH <) jHkNrdH

5. gf;fPH vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gLgtH.......................................

m) ,];yhkpaQhdp M ) ngsj;jj;Jwtp ,) ,e;Jj;Jwtp <) rPff


; paFU

6. khjhthr;rhupahH...................................jj;Jtg;gs;spiar; rhHe;jtH.

m) Jitjk; M ) mj;itjk; ,) tprp\;lhj;itjk; <) G\;bkhHf;fk;

7. ,uhkhde;jupd; rPlH...................................

m) irjd;aH M ) utpjh]; ,) FUehdf; <) fgPH

13
8. Kjd; Kjyhf ,e;jp nkhopapy; jdJ kjj; jj;Jtg; gpur;rhuj;ij

Nkw;nfhz;;ltH...........................

m) utpjh]; M) ,uhkhde;jH ,) fgPH <) ehkNjtH

9. mf;gupd; muritapy; ‘Mf;uhtpd; ghHitj;jpwdw;w ghlfH” vd;W

mwpag;gl;ltH..................................

m) #Hjh]; M ) Jf;fhuhk; ,) ,uhkhde;jH <) kPuhgha;

10. kuhj;jpa kd;dH rpth[papd; rkfhyj;jtH...................................M thH

m) ,uhkhde;jH M) kPuhgha; ,) #Hjh]; <) Jf;fhuhk;

II . rupahd $w;wpidj;NjHe;njL .

1)m) jdJ njhlf;ff;fhy tho;tpy; irtuhf ,Ue;j mg;gHjdJ jkf;ifahy; irt

kjj;jpypUe;J rkz kjj;jpw;F khwpdhH.

M) #‡gp ,af;fj;jtH flTis mofpd; cr;rkhff; fUjpdH.

,) ,uhk gf;jpia Kd;dpiyg;gLj;jp tq;fhs itztHfs; ,e;J kjj;ijr;

rPHjpUj;j Kad;wdH.

<) ngsj;j kj E}y;fspy; utpjh]pd; gf;jpg;ghly;fs; ,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.

2) $w;W : kjrPHjpUj;jthjpfs; xU flTs; nfhs;ifiag; Nghjpj;jdH.

fhuzk;: mtHfs; rpiytopghl;il tpkHrpj;jdH.

m) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk;my;y.

M) $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; jtW.

,) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk;M Fk;.

<) $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; rup.

III. nghUj;Jf.

i) fgPH -1.rhfpj;jpayhfpup ii) #Hjh]; -2.N\f;jhjp

iii) #gpap]k; -3.rk;ge;jH iv) $d;ghz ;bad; -4.nerthsH

m) 2>3>4>1 M) 4>3>2>1 ,) 2>4>3>1 <) 3>4>2>1

14
ghlk;-14

1. 1526 Mk; Mz;L eilngw;w Kjyhk;ghdpg;gl; Nghupy;>ghgH........................ia

jpwk;gl gad;gLj;jpajpd; %yk; ntw;wpngw;whH

m) fhyhl;gil M) Fjpiug;gil ,) gPuq;fpg;gil <) ahidg;gil

2. filrpg;Nghuhd fhf;uhNghupy; ghgH..................................vjpuhfg; Nghupl;lhH.

m) Mg;fhdpaHfSf;F M ) uh[Gj;jpuHfSf;F

,) JUf;fpaHfSf;F <) kuhl;baHfSf;F

3. ...........................................jdJ caupamurpay; kw;Wk; ,uhZtj; jpwikapdhy;

nrsrhg; Nghupy; ntw;wp ngw;whH.

m) ghgH M) ` {kha+d; ,) n\Hfhd; <) mf;gH

4. .................................................epy cilik cupik Kiwapy;> epyj;jpw;fhd tupia

t#ypf;Fk; nghWg;Gk;> me;epyj;ij epHtfpf;Fk; nghWg;Gk; muRmjpfhupfsplk;

xg;gilf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ.

m) [hfPHjhup M) kfy;thup ,) [kPd;jhup <) kd;rg;jhup

5. mf;guJ epjpepHthfk;.........................epHthfKiwiag; gpd;gw;wp mikf;fg;gl;lJ.

m) ghgH M) ` {khAd; ,) n\H\h <) ,g;uh`pk;Nyhb

6. ,sturH F];UTld; ,ize;J fyfj;ij J}z;btpl;ljw;fhf [`hq;fuP hy;

kuz jz;lid tpjpf;fg;gl;ltH....................M thH.

m) FU mH[{d;Njt; M) FU ` HNfhgpe;j; ,) FU Nj[;gfJ}H <) FU ` Huha;

7. ......................................>gpuhd;]; ehl;ilr; NrHe;j gjpdhd;fhk;Y}ap MfpNahH rk

fhyj;jtHfs;.

m) mf;gH M ) [`hq;fPH ,) \h[fhd; <) xsuq;frPg;

8. ..................................jdJ M l;rpapd;NghJ [p]pah tupia kPz;Lk; tpjpj;jhH.

m) mf;gH M ) [`hq;fPH ,) \h[fhd; <) xsuq;frPg;

9. fg;gypd; xl;lfk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gLk; njhopy;El;gj;ij cyfj;jpNyNa fz;lwpe;j

Kjy;murH..................................M thH.

15
www.nammakalvi.org
m) mf;gH M) \h[fhd; ,) n\H\h <) ghgH

10. [`hq;fPH kw;Wk;..........................................mikj;j \hypkhH Njhl;lq;fs;>,e;jpa

Njhl;lf;fiyapy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fitahFk;.

m) mf;gH M) \h[fhd; ,) ` {khAd; <) xsuq;frPg;

11. ..................................NrHe;j jhd;Nrid mf;gH Mjupj;jhH.

m) Mf;uhit M) Fthypaiu ,) jpy;ypia <) kJuhit

12. ghJ\hehkh vd;gJ ..................................d; tho;fi


; f tuyhwhFk;.

m) ghgH M) ` {kha+d; ,) \h[fhd; <) mf;gH

13. ..................................xU N[hjpl Ma;T E}yhFk;.

m) j[pfepyfe;jp M ) urfq;fhjuh ,) kDrupjk; <) uh[htypgjfh

14. kPdhl;rpak;ik gps;isj;jkpio ,aw;wpatH...................................

m) jhAkhdtH M) FkuFUguH ,) ,uhkypq;fmbfs; <) rptg;gpufhrH

15. fPNo cs;s M l;rpahsHfSs; ahH mf;gupd; rkfhyj;jtH ,y;iy?

m) ,q;fpyhe;jpd;vyprngj; M) N\f;];gpaH

,) gpuhd;]pd;ehd;fhk;n`d;wp <) ,q;fpyhe;jpd; tpf;Nlhupahkfhuhzp

II. rupahd $w;wpidf; fz;Lgpb:

m) 1. ,e;jpa> ghurPf kw;Wk; ,];yhkpaf;fl;llf;fiyapd ;ghzpapy; Kfyhaupd;

fl;llf;fiyapd; kWtbtkhf jh[;k`hy; cs;sJ.

2. mf;guJ Gjpa jiyefukhd Mf;uh kw;Wk; mjd; Rw;Wr;RtHfSf;Fs; gy

vOr;rpa+l;Lk; fl;llq;fs; cs;sd.

3. Nkhjp k#jp KOtJk; gspq;Ff;fy;yhy; fl;lg;gl;lJ.

4. Guhz fpyh xU caHe;jNfhl;ilahFk;.

M) 1. xt;nthU kd;rg;jhUf;Fk; 10 Kjy; 10>000 tiuapyhd giltPuHfisf;

nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gij [hl;Lfs; jPHkhdpj;jdH .

2. n\H\htpd; ehzaKiw> Mq;fpNyaupd; ehzaKiwf;F mbj;jskpl;lJ.

3. KfyhaUf;Fk; uhzh gpujhg;rpq;fpw;Fk; ,ilNa eilngw;w `hy;b fhl;b

16
NghH kpff;fLikahd ,Wjpg;NghHMFk;.

4. rPf;fpag; Gdpj E}yhd “FU fpue;jrhfpg;” FU mH[{d; Njthy;

njhFf;fg;gl;lJ.

III. gpd;tUtdtw;wpy; rupahd $w;wpidf; fz;Lgpb.

m) (i) uhzhrq;fhtpd; %Hf;fkhd typiktha;e;jgilfs;ghgupd; rf;jptha;e;j

gilia vjpHnfhz ;lJ.

(ii) fd;Ndhrpg;NghUf;Fg;gpd;mf;gH ehL ,y;yhj xU ,sturHMdhH.

m) (i)rup M) (ii)rup ,) (i) rup (ii) jtW <) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) rupahdit

M) (i) Nkw;fpy; cs;s rpe;J Kjy; tq;fhsj;jpy; cs;s NrhdHfhd; tiuapyhd

fpuhz;l; buq;f; rhiyia rPHgLj;jpdhH.

(ii) mf;gH jdJ kpfg;ngupa gilnaLg;Gfspd; %ykhf khngUk; Nguurpw;F

mbj;jsk; ,l;lhH.

m) (i)rup M ) (ii)rup ,) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) rupahdit <) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) jtwhdit

,) $w;W ($): ghgH Kjyhk;ghdpg;gl; Nghupy; ntw;wpngw;whH.

fhuzk;(fh): ghgH gPuq;fpg;gilia Nghupy; gad;gLj;jpdhH.

m) $w;W rup fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk;M Fk;.

M ) $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk;rup ,) $w;W jtWƒ fhuzKk; jtW

<) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk;my;y

<) $w;W ($) : xsuq;frPg;gpd; M l;rpapd; ,Wjpapy; Kfyhag;Nguurpd;mopT

Muk;gkhapw;W.

fhuzk;(fh): xsuq;frPg; jf;fhz murHfsplk; el;Gwthf ,Ue;jhH.

m) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y

M ) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk;M Fk;

,) $w;Wk; jtWƒ fhuzk; rup

<)$w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; MFk;.

IV. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ jtwhfg;nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.

17
m) gh];fuhr;rhHah - ePjpnewptpsf;fk;

M)MKf;jkhy;ajh - fpU\;z NjtuhaH

,) [fd;dhj gz;bjH - fq;fhjuh

<) my;yrhdpngj;jz;zh - kDrupj;uh

V.nghUj;Jf.

i. mGy;ghry; -1.xsuq;frPg;

ii. [{k;khk#jp -2.mf;gH

iii. ghJ\h`p k#jp -3.n\H\h

iv. Guhz fpyh -4.\h[fhd;

m) 2>4>1>3 M ) 3>2>1>4 ,) 3>1>4>2 <) 1>3>2>4

ghlk;-15

1.typikkpf;f nfhupy;yhg;NghH Kiwiag; gpd;gw;wpNahH...................................

m) kuhj;jpaH M) KfyhaH ,) Mq;fpNyaH <) ehaf;fH

2.rpth[papd; FU ..................................M thH.

m) jhjh[pnfhz;lNjt; M) uhk;jh]; ,) Jf;fhuhk; <) \h[pNghd;];Ny

3.Gue;jH cld;gbf;if>rpth[pf;Fk;....................f;Fk; ,ilNa ifnaOj;jhdJ.

m) m‡g;ry;fhd; M) nrap\;lfhd; ,) n[a;rpq; <) xsuq;frPg;

4.rpth[papd; MNyhrid rig...................................vd;W miof;fg;gl;lJ.

m) m\;lgpujhdk; M) m\;ljpf;f[q;fs; ,) etuj;jpdq;fs; <)gQ;rghz;ltHfs;

5.kuhj;jpaH ifg;gw;wpa khtl;lj;jpd; tUthapy;.......................................nrsj; vd

t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ.

m) 1/3 M ) 1/4 ,) 1/6 <) 1/10

6.rpth[papd; ,uhZt mikg;gpy; kpfr;rpwpagil myfpd; jiytuhf....................

,Ue;jhH.

m) ehaf; M)`tpy;jhH ,) gHfpH <) i\NyjhH

7.kuhj;jpa rhk;uh[;aj;jpd;mjpfhuj;ij Nkk;gLj;jpa Ng\;th....................MthH.

18
www.nammakalvi.org
m) Kjyhk;gh[puht; M) ghyh[p tp\;tehj; ,) ghyh[p gh[puht;

<) ,uz;lhk;gh[puht;

8 .................................... NfhfpD}H ituj;ij vLj;Jr; nrd;whH.

m) m`kJ \hmg;jyp M) ehjpH\h ,) \{[h-cj;-njsyh <) e[Pg;-cj;-njsyh

9. ..............................................cld;gbf;if Kjyhk; M q;fpNyh-kuhj;jpag;Nghiu

KbTf;Ff;nfhz;L te;jJ.

m) kjuh]; cld;gbf;if M ) g+dh cld;gbf;if ,) rhy;ig cld;gbf;if

<)Ngrpd; cld;gbf;if

10. ,uz;lhtJ Mq;fpNyh -kuhj;jpag;Nghupd; NghJ Mq;fpNya ftHdH

n[duyhf ,Ue;jtH....................................

m)fhud;thyp];gpuG M) nty;ny];ypgpuG ,) N`];bq;f;];gpuG <) ly;n`srpgpuG

11. fpuhkmstpy; tUtha; t#iy kj;jpamuRf;F mDg;Gk; nghWg;ig....................

Vw;wpUe;jdH.

m) Nj\;Kf;F M) Fy;fHdp ,) nfhj;thy; <) gl;Nly;

12. nfhq;fzk;> fz;Nlup> tp[aJHf; Mfpa ,lq;fspy ;flw;gilj;jsq;fis

fl;batH...................................M thH.

m) ghyh[p gh[puht; M) ehdh rhfpg; ,) ,uz;lhk; gh[puht; <) ghyh[p tp];tehj;

13. eaq;fhuhmikg;ig Nkk;gLj;jpatH.............................

m) ,uz;lhk; ruNgh[p M) ,uh[h Njrpq;F ,) fpU\;z NjtuhaH <)gpujhg;rpq;

14. kdpjHfSf;fhfTk; kw;Wk; tpyq;FfSf;fhfTk; %ypif kUe;Jfisj;

jahupf;f ...................................,uz;lhk ;ruNgh[pahy; epWtg;gl;lJ.

m) ru];tjpk`hy; M) Kf;jhk;ghs;rj;jpuk; ,) ettpj;ah <) jd;te;jpupk`hy;

15. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; ,uz;lhk;ruNgh[p vOjhj Gj;jfk; vd;d?

m)Fkhurk;gtrk;G M)NjNte;jpuFwtQ;rp ,) Kj;uuh\;];rhah <) Fkhurk;gtk;

II. fPo;ff
; z;ltw;Ws; rupahd $w;wpidj; NjHe;njL

m) (i) rpth[pia mlf;Fk;Kf;fpa Nehf;fpy;1660 Mk;Mz;L m‡g;ry;fhd;

19
jf;fhzj;jpd; MSeuhf epakpf;fg;gl;lhH.

(ii) rpth[papd; topj;Njhd;wy;fisg; ghJfhg;gjpy; nrQ;rp Kd;dzpapy;

nray;gl;lJ.

(iii) rpth[papd; tUtha; epHthfk;> kdpjhgpkhdk; rhHe;J> cw;gj;jpr; nra;gtHfS

f;F rhjfkhfmike;jpUe;jJ.

(iv) rHNj\;Kfp vd;gJ rpth[p t#ypj;j 15rjtpfpj $Ljy; tUthahFk;.

M) (i)M q;fpNyaHfs; kuhj;jpaUld; el;GwT nfhz;L jf;fhzj;jpy; jilapy;yh

tzpfk; nra;Ak; cupkk; ngw;wdH.

(ii) 1749-,y; Mw;fhl;L ethg; Njh];J mypiarh` { Njhw;fbj;Jf; nfhd;whH.

(iii)Ng\;thf;fspd; fPo; ePjpKiw KOik ngw;wpUe;jJ.

(iv)jQ;ir kuhj;jpa murpd; Nghd;]Ny tk;rj;J filrp murH ntq;Nfh[p MthH.

III. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws;rupahd tpiliaj; NjHe;njL

m) (i) rpth[papd; fPopUe;j ePjp epHthfk; goikahd xd;whFk;.

(ii) epiyahd ePjpkd;wq;fSk; tpjpKiwfSk; ,Ue;jd.

m) (i)rup M ) (ii) rup ,) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) rup <) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) jtW

M) (i) tlfpof;F vy;iyg;Gwg; gFjpapd; ghJfhg;ig tPo;e;J nfhz;bUe;j Kfyhag;

NguuR eOttpl;lJ.

(ii) ,J ehjpH\htpd; gilnaLg;gpw;F toptFj;jJ

m) (i) rup M ) (ii) rup ,) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) rupahdit

<) (i) kw;Wk; (ii) jtwhdit

,) $w;W ($): %d;whk;ghdpg;gl; NghHM q;fpNyaupd; mjpfhu vOr;rpf;F toptFj;jJ.

fhuzk; (fh) : ,j;Njhy;tp kuhj;jpaUf;Fk; KfyhaUf;Fk; xU ngupa

mjpHr;rpiaf; nfhLj;jJ.

m.$w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; MFk;.

M .$w;W rupƒ fhuzk; jtW

,. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; jtwhdit

20
<. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y

<) $w;W ($) : fhyhl;gil tPuHfs; k`huh\;buhtpypUe;J kl;Lk; NjHT

nra;ag;gl;ldH.

fhuzk;(fh): kuhj;jpaH Fjpiug;gilapy; gzpahw;w tpUk;gpdH.

m. $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; rup

M. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpid tpsf;FfpwJ

,. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; jtwhdit

<. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; rupahdit

IV. m) fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws; vJ rupahf nghUj;jg;gltpy;iy

1.rpth[p - kiyvyp

2.Kjyhk;gh[puht; - cj;fpHNghH

3.ijKH\h - yh$upd;it];uha;

4.Njrpq;F - nrQ;rp

V. nghUj;Jf.

i. mkj;ah - 1. murupd;eltbf;iffs; gw;wpa Mtzq;fs;

ii. Rke;j; - 2. nghJ xOf;feilKiwfs;

iii. gz;bl;uht; - 3. NghH kw;Wk; mikjp

iv. thf;fpa ehtp]; - 4.murpd;midj;J nghJ fzf;Ffs;

m) 4>1>2>3 M ) 1>2>4>3 ,) 4>3>2>1 <) 1>4>2>3

VI.rpth[papd; Ml;rpf;Fg;gpwF te;jtHfisf; fhytupirg;gb vOjTk;.

1. rhk;gh[p> rh` {> uh[huhk;> ,uz;lhk;rhk;gh[p

2. rhk;gh[p> uh[huhk;> rh` {> ,uz;lhk;rhk;gh[p

3. uh[huhk;> rhk;gh[p> rh` {> ,uz l


; hk;rhk;gh[p

4. rhk;gh[p> ,uz;lhk;rhk;gh[p> uh[huhk;> rh` {

ghlk;-16

1. ,e;jpahtpy; NghHj;JfPrpaupd; murpay; jiyikaplk;............................. MFk;.

21
www.nammakalvi.org
m) Nfhth M) ila+ ,) lhkd; <) #uj;

2. Nkw;F Mrpahtpw;Fk; INuhg;ghtpw;Fk; Eiothapyhf ,Ue;j

JiwKfk; ........................................M Fk;.

m) ila+ M ) fy;fj;jh ,) gk;gha; <) #uj;

3. M q;fpNyaH 1639 Mk;Mz;L cs;@H M l;rpahsuplkpUe;J ngw;w epyj;jpy;

........................................Nfhl;iliaf; fl;bdH.

m) Gdpj[hH[; Nfhl;il M) Gdpj tpy;ypak; Nfhl;il ,) NtY}H Nfhl;il

<) Nfhy;nfhz;lh Nfhl;il

4. tz;zk; g+rg;gl;l fyk;fhup vdg;gLk; Jzp tiffSf;Fg; ngaH ngw;w

gFjp........................................M Fk;.

m) tlrHf;fhH M) kyghH ,) nfhq;fzk; <) Nrhokz;lyk;

5. ePyePHf; nfhs;ifAld; njhlHGilatH.........................................

m) gpuhd;]p];Nfh bmy;nka;lh M) my;Nghd;N]h bmy;GfHf;

,) ePNdhlh Fd;fh <)Md;NlhdpNah b ehuhd;fh

6. ..............................‘jkpo; mr;Rg;gjpg;gpd; je;ij” vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwhH.

m) mUl;je;ij ,uhgHNlhbnehgpyp M) my;Nghd;Nrhbmy;GfHf;

,) mUl;je;ij n`d;upf;]; <) gpuhd;rp];Nfhbmy;nka;lh

7. ........................................NghHj;JfPrpaupd; fUg;gH efukhFk;.

m) kapyhg;g+H M) rhe;Njhk; ,) guq;fpkiy <) goNtw;fhL

8. mk;gha;dh gLnfhiyf;Ff; fhuzkhdtHfs;.........................................

m) Mq;fpNya fpof;fpe;jpaf;fk;ngdp M ) lr;R fpof;fpe;jpaf;fk;ngdp

,) NghHj;JfPR fpof;fpe;jpaf;fk;ngdp <) gpnuQ;R fpof;fpe;jpaf;fk;ngdp

9. lr;R fpof;fpe;jpaf; fk;ngdpapd; Nrhokz;lyg; gFjpapd;

jiyikaplk;.........................................M Fk;.

m) fhiuf;fhy; M ) Gypfhl; ,) k#ypg;gl;bdk; <) kjuh];

10. gpuhd;rp]; khHl;bd; vd;gtH.................................I gpnuQ;Rf; FbNaw;wq;fspd;

22
Nfe;jpu ikakhf Mf;fpdhH.

m) k#ypg;gl;bdk; M) ehfg;gl;bdk; ,) Nfhth <) GJr;Nrup

11. ,uz;lhk; rhHy]; tujl;rizahfg; ngw;w.........................................M q;fpNya

fpof;fpe;jpaf; fk;ngdpf;F khw;wk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

m) kjuh]; M) fy;fj;jh ,) gk;gha; <) jpy;yp

12. Kjyhk; fHehlfg;Nghupd; NghJ .................................GJr;Nrupapd; M Seuhf

,Ue;jhH.

m) gPl;ld; M) yhNghHNlhdha;]; ,) Ja;g;Ns <) NkhH];

13. uhgHl;fpist;................................,y; ntw;wpngw;W tq;fhsj;jpy; Mq;fpNyaH

Ml;rpia typik ngwr; nra;jhH.

m) fHehlfg;NghHfs; M) Vohz;Lg;NghH ,) gf;rhHNghH <) gpshrpg;NghH

14. te;jthrpg; NghH................................f;fpilNa eilngw;wJ.

m) maH$l; kw;Wk; yhyp M ) uhgHl;fpist; kw;Wk; yhyp

,) maH$l; kw;Wk; G];]p <) uhgHl;fpist; kw;Wk; G];]p

15. Vohz;Lg; NghH................................Ald; KbTf;F te;jJ.

m) GJr;Nrup cld;gbf;if M) myfhghj; cld;gbf;if

,) ghup]; cld;gbf;if <) =uq;fg;gl;bzk;cld;gbf;if

II. rupahd $w;wpidj;NjHe;njL

m) 1. Kfyhag;Nguurpd; typik Fwpj;Jk;> nghUshjhu tsk; gw;wpAk; INuhg;gpaH

ed;F mwpe;jpUe;jdH.

2. lr;Rf;fhuHMq;fpNyaiuj; njhlHe;J gk;gha;f;F te;jdH.

3. jQ;rht+H Kfyhauhy; Msg;gLk; murhf,Ue;jJ.

4. gk;gha; Kf;fpakhd tzpf ikakhf ,Ue;J> #uj;jpy; ,Ue;Jk; xuprhtpypUe;Jk;

tzpfHfis <Hj;jJ.

II. fPo;fz;ltw;Ws; jtwhd $w;wpidj; NjHe;njL.

M) 1. ,e;jpa murHfs;may;ehl;ltuplk; nfhz;bUe;j <Hg;gpid INuhg;gpaH

23
rhjfkhf;fpf; nfhz;ldH.

2. eWkzj; jPTfspy; lr;Rf;fhuH ntw;wpngw;wdH.

3. Nfhy;ngH gpnuQ;Rf;fpof;fpe;jpaf; fk;ngdp epWtg;glf; fhuzkhf ,Ue;jhH.

4. GJr;Nrupapy; ,d;wsTk; gpnuQ;Rj; jhf;fj;ijf; fhz KbfpwJ.

III. fPo;ff
; z;l $w;Wfspy; rupahd tpiliaj; NjHe;njL.

m. (i) gpshrpg;NghH> tzpf epWtdkhf ,Ue;j M q;fpNyaf; fpof;fpe;jpaf;

fk;ngdpia>tq;fhsj;jpd;kPJ ,iwahz;ik nfhz;l murpay; rf;jpahf

khw;wpaJ.

(ii) ngUk;epyg;gug;ig Ml;rp nra;j ,q;fpyhe;J> te;jthrpg; NghUf;Fg;gpd;>

tzpf epWtdj;ij MSfpd;w rf;jpahf vOr;rpngw;wJ.

m. (i) rup M .(ii) rup ,. ,uz;Lk; rup <. ,uz;Lk; jtW

M . (i) my;GfHf; ,e;jpahtpy; NghHj;JfPrpag; Nguuir cz;ikapy; epWtpatH.

(ii) cld;fl;il VWk; tof;fj;ij epWj;j my;GfhHf; Kad;whH.

m.(i) rup M .(ii) jtW ,. ,uz;Lk; rup <) ,uz;Lk; jtW

,. $w;W: gjpdhwhk; E}w;whz;by; INuhg;gpaH ,e;jpahtpw;F tUif je;jdH.

fhuzk;: mtHfsJ cz;ikahd Nehf;fk; INuhg;gpar; re;ijf;Fj; Njitahd

kpsF> ,ytq;fk;> fpuhk;G Vida eWkzg; nghUl;fis nfhs;Kjy;

nra;tjhFk;.

m. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; MFk;.

M. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; jtW

,. $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; rup

<. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y.

<. $w;W :,e;jpah nghUs; cw;gj;jpf;fhd tYthd jsj;ijAk;> Fwpg;ghfg;

gUj;jpapioj; JzpfSf;fhfTk; Gfo; ngw;wpUe;jJ>

fhuzk;: ehl;bd; Kjy;Kf;fpakhd nghUshjhu eltbf;if tptrhak; MFk;.

m. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; rup

24
www.nammakalvi.org
M. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y

,. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; M Fk;.

<. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; ,uz;Lk; jtW.

IV. m. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws;> vJ jtwhf nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ?

m. juq;fk;ghb - NldpdpaH

M . rHjhk];Nuh - gpnuQ;Rf;fhuH

,. md;thUjPd; - Mw;fhL ethg;

<. my;GfHf; - NghHj;JfPrpaH

M .nghUj;Jf

i. rhKj;up - 1. mr;Rg;gjpg;G

ii. n`d;upf;]; - 2. i`juhghj; ep[hk;

iii. K[hgH[q; - 3. re;jhrhfpg;

iv. Mw;fhl;L ethg; - 4.fs;spf;Nfhl;il murH

(m) 4>1>2>3 (M ) 4>3>2>1 (,) 3>2>1>4 (<) 2>1>4>3

ghlk;-17

1. .................................................,e;jpahtpy; M q;fpNyaupd; Mjpf;fk; cz;ikapy;

epWtg;glf; fhuzkhd NghuhFk;.

m) gpshrpg;NghH M) Kjyhk; fHehlfg;NghH ,) gf;rhH NghH <) te;jthrpg;NghH

2. .......................................cld;gbf;ifapdhy; ,uz;lhk; \hM yk; tq;fhsk;> gPfhH

kw;Wk; xup]htpd; jpthdp cupikia Mq;fpNyaUf;F toq;f Neupl;lJ.

m) myfhghj; M) kjuh]; ,) g+dh <) GJr;Nrup

3. .......................... tq;fhsj;jpy; ,ul;ilM l;rpia mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhH.

m) thud;N`];bq;]; M) ba+g;Ns ,) fhud;thyp]; <) uhgHl;fpist;

4. ..........................................rl;lk; ,e;jpahtpy; M q;fpNya tz pff;FO M l;rpia

Kiwg;gLj;jpaJ.

m) xOq;F Kiwr;rl;lk; (1773) M) gpl;,e;jpar;rl;lk; (1784)

25
,) gl;lar;rl;lk; (1813) <) gl;lar;rl;lk; (1833)

5. ,e;jpahtpy; Kjy; Mq;fpNya MSeuhf ,q;fpyhe;J ehlhSkd;wj;jhy;

mwptpf;fg;gl;ltH.

m) fhud;thyp]; M) fhdpq; ,) nty;ny];yp <)thud;N`];bq;];

6. ......................... [kPd;jhHfNshL fhud;thyp]; epiyahd epiytupj;jpl;lj;ij

Nkw;nfhz;lhH.

m) ik#H M) gk;gha; ,) tq;fhsk; <) nrd;id

7. ,uaj;Jthup Kiwia mwpKfg;gLj;jpatH.........................

m) fhud;thyp]; M) jhk];kd;Nwh ,) uhgHl;fpist; <) thud;N`];bq;];

8. jf;fHfis mlq;fpa M q;fpNya mjpfhup........................

m) tpy;ypak;Mjk; M) tpy;ypak; ];yPNkd; ,)N[k;];`hye;J <) [hd;epf;fy;rd;

9. thupR cupik ,og;Gf;nfhs;ifapd;gb Mq;fpNya muRld; ,izf;fg;gl;l Kjy;

khfhz k;....................................

m) ehf;g+H M) mtj; ,) [hd;rp <) rjhuh

10. epHge;jg;gLj;jp tYf;fl;lhakhf tup t#ypg;gij .............................. epahag;gLj;jpaJ.

m) ,uaj;Jthup rl;lk; M) gpl;,e;jpar;rl;lk;

,) epiyahd epytupj;jpl;lk; <) rpj;jputijr;rl;lk;

11. ............................................ ,e;jpahtpy; Mq;fpynkhopia mYty;nkhopahfTk;>

gapw;W nkhopahfTk; mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhH.

m) fhud;thyp]; M) tpy;ypak; ngz;bq; ,) jhk];nkf;fhNy <) jhk];kd;Nwh

12. nrd;idg;gy;fiyf;fofk; epWtg;gl;l M z;L .........................................

m) 1837 M ) 1861 ,) 1844 <) 1857

13. ........................................................ .vd;gtupd; Kaw;rpahy; ,e;jpahtpy; rjp vDk;

cld;fl;il VWk;Kiw xopf;fg;gl;lJ.

m) thud;N`];bq;]; M) tpy;ypak;N[hd;]; ,) uh[huhk;Nkhfd;uha;

<) jahde;jru];tjp

26
14.njd;,e;jpahtpy; Kjy; ,Ug;Gg;ghij Nghf;Ftuj;J 1856y; nrd;idapypUe;J

....................................tiu ,af;fg;gl;lJ.

m) thzpak;ghb M) fhl;ghb ,) tpOg;Guk; <) muf;Nfhzk;

15. 1869y; #a];fhy;tha; jpwf;fg;gl;ljd; tpisthf ,e;jpah INuhg;ghtpw;fpilNa

gaz J}uk;.....................................iky;fshff; Fiwf;fg;gl;lJ.

m) 400 M) 3000 ,) 4000 <) 8000

II. m) rupahd $w;wpidj; NjHe;njL

1. fpof;fpe;jpaf; fk;ngdpapd; M SeH mjd; ,af;FeH FOthy;

NjHe;njLf;fg;gl;lhH.

2.Jizg;gilj;jpl;lj;jhy; fpof;fpe;jpaf;fk;ngdpapd; ,uhZt tsq;fSk;

nray;jpwDk; Fiwe;jd.

3. nty;ny];ypgpuGthy; fy;tpf;F Cf;fkspf;Fk; tifapy; kjurh (,];yhkpa

fy;tpepWtdk;) njhlq;fg;gl;lJ.

4.ly;n`srpgpuG khHr;1835-,y; fy;fj;jh kUj;Jtf;fy;Y}upia epWtpdhH.

M) fPo;f;fz;ltw;wpy; rupahd tpiliaj; NjHe;njL

$w;W ($): Mq;fpNya muR mizfisf; fl;Ltjw;fhd gz pfspy;

Kidg;Gld; <Lgl;lJ.

fhuzk;(fh):19Mk; E}w;whz;by; njhlHr;rpahff; filrp fhy;E}w;whz;by;

mjpfkhd gQ;rq;fs; epytpd.

m. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk;jtW.

M. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk;$w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y.

,. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; MFk;.

<. $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; rup.

III. fPo;f;fz;ltw;Ws;> vJ jtwhfg; nghUj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ?

1. fq;fhjuuht; - [hd;rp

2. uF[pNghd;];Ny - ehf;g+H

3. \h[p - rjhuh
27
www.nammakalvi.org
4. rpe;jpah - Nfhyhg;g+H

IV. nghUj;Jf.

i. MHjHfhl;ld; -1.rk];fpUjfy;Y}up

ii. tpy;ypak; ];yN


P kd; -2.nfhs;splk;

iii. tpy;ypak;ngz;bq; -3.jf;fHfismlf;Fjy;

iv. fhud;thyp]; -4.rjpxopg;Gr;rl;lk;

m) 4>1>2>3 M) 2>3>4>1 ,) 3>2>>1>4 <) 2>1>4>3

ghlk;-18

1. cilahH murHfSf;F vjpuhf kuhj;jpaHfis ntw;wpfukhf ifahz;l gpd;

...........................................cz;ikahd murH M dhH.

m) i`jHmyp M) eQ;ruh[h ,) ehfkehaf;fH <) jpg;GRy;jhd;

2. jpg;GRy;jhd;...........................................gFjpiaf; ifg;gw;wpajhy; %d;whk;

Mq;fpNyaik#HNghH njhlq;fpaJ.

m) fs;spf;Nfhl;il M) FlF , ) nfhLq;f@H <) jpz;Lf;fy;

3. ghisaf;fhuHKiw Kjd;Kjypy;............................................................. Nguurhy;

eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.

m) tp[aefH M) ghkdp ,) fhfjpa <) n`ha;rhs

4 .new;fl;Lk;nrty;> thRNjtey;Y}H> gida+H Mfpa Gypj;Njtupd; %d;W

Kf;fpakhd Nfhl;ilfis ............................................... jd;Dila fl;Lg;ghl;by;

nfhz;L te;jhH.

m) khG];fhd; M) a+Rg;fhd; ,) fHdy;n`uhd; <) egpfhd;fl;lf;

5. NtY ehr;rpahH...........................................murUila kfs;

m)rptfq;if M) GJf;Nfhl;il ,) ,uhkehjGuk; <) gotej;jk;

6. tPughz;ba fl;lnghk;kd; njhlHghd gpur;ridfis jtwhff; ifahz;ljhy;

gzp ePf;fk; nra;ag;gl;l M q;fpNya M l;rpaH....................................MthH.

m) W.C.[hf;rd; M ) A.ghdHNkd; ,) S.R.Y}\pq;ld; <) P.A. Mf;dpa+

28
7. NtY}H Gul;rpf;F cldbf;fhuzkhf mike;j epfo;T ...........................M Fk;.

m) vd;‡gPy;L ufJg;ghf;fpj;Njhl;lhf;fs; M) etPd rPUilkhw;wk;

,) Gjpajiyg;ghif <) nfhOg;G jltg;gl;l Njhl;lhf;fs;

8. Nfhy;vOr;rpf;Ff; fhuzkhdtH...........................................M thH.

m) gpd;j;uha;kd;fp M) rpNlh ,) Gj;jgfj; <) fhD}

9.1857M k;Mz;L Gul;rpapd;NghJ ,e;jpahtpd; ftHdH-n[duyhf

,Ue;jtH...........................................M thH.

m) ly;n`srp M) fhdpq; ,) kpd;Nlh <) N[k;];md;l;upa+uhk;Nr

10. 1857 Mk;M z;L Gul;rpapd;NghJ ehdhrhNfg;gpd; gilfisj;

Njhw;fbj;jtH...........................................

m) n`d;wpyhud;]; M) Nk[Hn[duy;N`ht;yhf; ,) rH` a


P +f;ty
P H <) n[duy;ePy;

II. rupahd $w;wpidj; NjHT nra;

m) 1.thud;N`];bq;];> jpg;GRy;jhid gopthq;Fk; Nehf;fpy; mZfpdhH.

2. jpg;Gtpd;M l;rpia mfw;wpaJk; ik#upy; kPz;Lk; cilahH tk;r M l;rp

epWtpaJk; njd;dpe;jpahtpy; Mq;fpNya fpof;fpe;jpa fk;ngdp Ml;rpapd;

Muk;gj;ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ.

3. Mw;fhl;L ethg; NtY ehr;rpahUf;F MjuT mspj;jhH.

4. jpUney;Ntyp fhLfspd; ikaj;jpy; fhisahHNfhapy; cs;sJ.

M) $w;W ($): rptfpupNfhl;ilj; jhf;Fjy; kw;Wk; jw;fhg;G eltbf;iffSf;F

ghJfhg;ghdjhf ,Ue;jJ.

fhuzk;(fh): Nkw;Fj;njhlHr;rpkiy mbthuj;jpy; tYthd muz;fNshL mJ

mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ.

m. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk;$w;wpd;rupahd tpsf;fk;my;y.

M. $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; jtwhdit.

,. $w;W rupƒ fhuzk;> $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; MFk;.

<. $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk;rup.

29
III. nghUj;Jf.

i. [py;ny];gp - =uq;fg;gl;lzk;

ii. kQ;rp - uf;g+H

iii. [hf;Nfhgpad;fofk; - NtY}Hfyfk;

iv. kq;fs;ghz;Nl - re;jhy;fs;

m. 1>2>3>4 M. 3>4>1>2 ,. 3>2>1>4 <. 2>3>4>1

ghlk;-19

1. ,e;jpahtpy; rPHjpUj;jq;fs; gw;wpa gy fUj;Jf;fs; Njhd;wpa Kjy; khfhzk;

................................... MFk;.

m) gQ;rhg; M) tq;fhsk; ,) gk;gha; <) nrd;id

2.‘,e;jpa kWkyHr;rpapd; je;ij” ...................................M thH.

m) RthkptpNtfhde;jH M) jahde;jru];tjp

,) ,uh[huhk; Nkhfd;uha; <) Mj;kuhk;ghz;Luq;

3. Njrpa r%f khehL ...................................Kaw;rpahy; xUq;fpizf;fg;gl;lJ.

m) uhdNl M) NjNte;jpuehj;jh$H ,) Nfrtre;jpunrd;

<) ,uhkfpU\;z guk`k;rH

4.‘Ntjq;fis Nehf;fp jpUk;Gf”- vd;W Kof;fkpl;ltH............................MthH.

m) ,uh[huhk;Nkhfd;uha; M) jahde;jru];tjp

,) tpNtfhde;jH <) ,uhkfpU\;z guk`k;rH

5. fijfs; kw;Wk; tpaf;fj;jf;f ctikfspd; %yk;...................................jdJ

fUj;Jf;fis tpsf;fpdhH.

m) ,uhkfpU\;z guk`k;rH M) NjNte;jpuehj; jh$H

,) Nfrtre;jpunrd; <) N[hjpghg+Ny

6.‘xU igrhjkpod;”vd;w thug;gj;jpupifia elj;jpatH...........................MthH.

m) RthkptpNtfhde;jH M) jahde;jru];tjp

,) itFz;lrhkpfs; <) mNahj;jpjhrgz;bjH

30
www.nammakalvi.org

7. gpuk;kQhd rig...................................y; epWtg;gl;lJ.

m) ,e;jpah M) mnkupf;fIf;fpaehLfs; ,) gpuhd;R <) ,q;fpyhe;J

8. jkpo;ehl;by; gpuk;krkh[j;jpd; Mjuthsuhfj; jpfo;e;jtH ..................... MthH.

m) ,uhkypq;f mbfshH M) fhrptpRtehj KjypahH

,) mNahj;jpjhr gz;bjH <) NjNte;jpuehj;jh$H

9. Nkw;fj;jpa mwptpaiy mwpKfg;gLj;j iraJ mfkJ fhd; epWtpa mikg;G

...............................MFk;.

m) rj;aNrhjf; rkh[k; M) rpq;rgh ,af;fk; ,) mwptpay;fofk; <) gpuk;kQhd rig

10. ,];yhkpa r%fj;jpdupd; rka kPSUthf;fj;ij Nehf;fkhff;

nfhz;bUe;j ,af;fk;.......................................M Fk;.

m) jpNahge;j; ,af;fk; M) mfkjpah ,af;fk; ,) mypfH ,af;fk;

<) th`hgp ,af;fk;

II. rupahd $w;wpidj; NjHT nra;f

m. i) Rj;jp ,af;fj;ij epWtpatH lhf;lH Mj;kuhk;ghz;Luq;.

ii) rkj;Jt rq;fk; itFz;lrhkpfshy; epWtg;gl;lJ.

iii) ,uhkfpU\;z ,af;fj;ij epWtpatH ,uhkfpU\;z guk`k;rH MthH.

iv) mfkjpaHfs; nghJthd k#jpapy; jq;fs; topghl;bid Nkw;nfhz;ldH.

M . $w;W ($) : iraJ mfkJ fhd; mypfupy; epWtpa etPdg;gs;sp> gpd;dH

Kfkjpa Mq;fpNyh-Xupaz;ly; fy;Y}upahf tsHr;rp ngw;wJ.

fhuzk;(fh): K];ypk;fs;M q;fpyf;fy;tp fw;gij mtHtpUk;gpdhH.

m) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; M Fk;.

M) $w;W jtWƒ fhuzk; jtW.

,) $w;W kw;Wk; fhuzk; ,uz;LNk jtwhdit.

<) $w;W rupƒ fhuzk; $w;wpd; rupahd tpsf;fk; my;y.

31
III. nghUj;Jf.

i. Mq;fpNya rkag; gug;Gf;FO - 1.tpbnts;sp

ii. ghHrp nra;jpj;jhs; - 2. tpy;ypak; fhNu kw;Wk; [hd;jhk];

iii. jpNahge;j; ,af;fk; - 3. uh];lN


; fhg;jhH

iv. tpNtfhde;jH - 4. KfkJ fhrpk; eNehjtp

m) 3>2>1>4 M ) 1>2>3>4 ,) 4>1>2>3 <) 2>1>4>3 ,


,uz;L kjpg;ngz; tpilfs;
1. tuyhw;Wf;F Ke;ija fhyj;Jf;fhd Ma;Tf;F cjTk; rhd;Wfs;:
1. njhy;ypay; rhd;Wfs; 2. tpyq;Ffs;> jhtuq;fs; tbtpyhd rhd;Wfs;
3. kugDf;fs; 4. nkhopfs;

2. goq;fhyk; gphpf;fg;gLk; Kiw:


1.fPo;g;goq;fhyk; 2. ,ilg;goq;fhyk; 3. Nky;goq;fhyk;

3. N`hkpdpd; Fwpg;G
1. jw;fhy kdpjDf;F neUf;fkhd Njhw;wj;ijf; nfhz;bUe;j kdpj
%jhijaH ‘N`hkpdpd;’ vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwhHfs;.
2. ,tHfs; tho;e;jjw;fhd milahsq;fs; Mg;gphpf;fhtpy; mjpf msT
fhzg;gLfpd;wd.

4. ,ilf;fw;fhy gz;ghl;bd; - Fwpg;G


1. ,e;jpahtpd; midj;Jg; gFjpapYk; ,ilf;fhyg; gz;ghL
fhzg;gLfpwJ.
2. fhl;L tpyq;Ffis Ntl;ilahLjy;> jhtu czTfis Nrfhpj;jy;> kPd;
gpbj;jy; Nghd;wit ,g;gz;ghl;L kf;fspd; Kf;fpa njhopy;fs; MFk;.
3. neUg;gpd; gaid mwpe;jpUe;jdH. ,lk; ngaHjy; ,g;ghz;ghl;bd;
Kf;fpa gz;ghFk;.

5. `ug;gh ehfhpfj;jpd; ntt;ntW fl;lq;fs;:


1. njhlf;ffhy `ug;gh (ngh.M.K. 3000 - ngh.M.K. 2600)
2. KjpHr;rpaile;j `ug;gh (ngh.M.K. 2600 - ngh.M.K. 1900)
3. gpw;fhy `ug;gh (ngh.M.K. 3000 - ngh.M.K. 2600)

6. ngUq;Fsk; Fwpg;G
1. ,J nkhfQ;Nrhjhuhtpy; mike;Js;sJ.
2. ,J Kw;wj;Jld; $ba nghpa Fsk; MFk;.
3. fopT ePH tbfhy; trjp> gbf;fl;Lfs;> gy miwfs; ,Ue;jJ .

7. rpe;J ehfhpfj;jpd; tPo;r;rpf;fhd fhuzq;fs;


1. fhyepiy khw;wk;> nkrgNlhkpah cld; tzpfj;jpy; Vw;gl;l tPo;r;rp
2. njhlH twl;rp> MWfs; kw;Wk; ePH epiyfs; kiwT.
3. gilnaLg;G> nts;sk;> MW jd; Nghf;if khw;wpf; nfhs;Sjy.;

32