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Manual for the Categorisation of Defects on Heavy Motor Vehicles Comprehensive Inspection Guidelines – Version 1

Comprehensive Inspection Guidelines – Version 1

PREAMBLE

Section 115 of the Land Transport Act 1998 (Act) empowers enforcement officers to direct that a vehicle must not be used on a road. The following are guidelines to assist with the more consistent application of the section.

This aid has been developed to assist enforcement officers in determining ‘in’ or ‘out’ of service criteria for vehicles found with defects on the roadside.

should be noted that the pass/fail criteria can differ from that applied to the vehicle at the time of COF issuance.

applies criteria, which will assist in consistency of application when assessing if a vehicle is safe to continue after a Walk-Around Inspection.

Depending on the fault/s identified, and the particular circumstances, an out-of-service-order may be issued, with an accompanying pink or green sticker.

It

It

A police officer also has an alternative option of issuing an offence notice with an instruction for repair or rectification of the fault/s to be carried out

within a specified time.

Failure to comply with the instruction on an offence notice to repair or rectify the fault/s, and to notify the Police that the faults have been remedied, may result in prosecution.

Driver is to be advised the level of assessment prior to commencement of inspection. (eg walk-around or comprehensive)

DISCRETIONARY EQUIPMENT

Checking of towing connections is with appropriate equipment (go – no go gauge) is discretionary – Note: If trailer disconnected it is to be made clear to the driver that it is his/her responsibility to ensure a safe recoupling (including air lines) before moving off.

•

Use of the “Heat Gun” for assessing brake drum temperatures is discretionary and should an enforcement officer decide to carry out this

check then the attached procedure, developed by the Police should be referred to.

LINK.
LINK.

INTERPRETATION

*Loose – Visually or can be moved without the aid of a tool

*Codes - QP (Qualifies for Pink)

*Codes - QG (Qualified for Green)

Contents

1. Lighting and signalling

3

1.1

Headlamps

3

1.2

Side lamps

5

1.3

Direction indicator lamps (incl. repeaters)

6

1.4

Stop lamps (incl. aux. stop lamps)

7

1.5

Rear reflectors

8

1.6

Registration plate lamps

9

1.7

Auxiliary headlamps

9

1.8

Spot lamps

11

1.9

Cornering lamps

11

1.10

Reversing lamps

12

1.11

Daytime running lamps

12

1.12

Side marker lamps

13

1.13

Cab roof lamps

13

1.14

Scene lamps

14

1.15

Flashing or revolving lamps

15

2. Vision

16

2.1

Glazing, incl. windscreens

16

2.2

Windscreen wipe and wash systems

17

2.3

Rear-view mirrors

18

2.4

Television sets

19

2.5

Driverís sun visor

19

3. Brakes

20

3.1 Brakes, general

20

3.2 Driver controls

21

3.3 Pipes, hoses and connectors

22

3.4 Linkages and mechanisms

23

3.5 Air compressors and vacuum pumps

25

3.6 Actuators, valves and reservoirs

26

3.7 Drums, discs, shoes and pads

27

3.8 Compressed air system capacity

28

3.9 System protection and instrumentation

29

3.10 Spring brakes

30

3.11 Vehicle combinations 39 to 44 t

31

4. Running gear

33

4.1 Steering system

33

4.2 Suspension

34

4.3 PSV suspension

35

4.4 PSV drive shaft retention

36

4.5 Transmission and drive shaft

37

4.6 Tyres, rims and spare wheels

38

4.7 Equipment locking devices

38

5.

Occupant safety

41

5.1 Vehicle structural strength and condition

41

5.2 PSV electrical requirements

42

5.3 Entrance and doors

42

5.4 PSV entry and exit steps, and ramps

43

5.5 Seats, general

44

5.6 PSV seating

45

5.7 PSV passenger compartment

46

5.8 PSV driverís seat and vision

47

5.9 PSV emergency exits

48

5.10 PSV fire extinguishers and fire protection

49

5.11 PSV passenger signals

50

5.12 PSV towing and tow bars

50

5.13 PSV load security

50

5.14 PSV roof racks

51

5.15 PSV ventilation

51

5.16 PSV demisters

52

6. External safety

53

6.1 Mudguards

53

6.2 Exhaust system

53

6.3 External projections

54

7. Load restraints and towing connections

55

7.1 Load anchorages, general

55

7.2 Bolster attachments

56

7.3 Drawbeams

57

7.4 Drawbars and ballrace turntables

58

7.5 Fifth wheels and kingpins

59

8. Miscellaneous

61

8.1 Speedometer

61

8.2 Audible warning devices

61

8.3 Fuel system (incl. alternative fuel system)

62

8.4 Vehicle dimensions

63

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1. Lighting and signalling

1.1

Headlamps

 
 

Fitting

     

LDY

(a)

A required headlamp is not fitted

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness with no required headlamps fitted

P

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LDY

(b)

More than 2 single headlamps or 2 dual headlamps are fitted 1

 

1 Not including any auxiliary headlamps. Refer to 1.7 below for details on auxiliary headlamps.
2

Flashing headlamps are permitted

LDO

Operation

(c)

A headlamp is not operational, works intermittently,

2

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness with headlamps not fully operational

 
 

flashes

, or flickers when tapped

P

on Police vehicles, ambulances, fire

LDO

(d)

The low beam headlamps do not illuminate the road within a range of at least 50m in front of the vehicle

(ii)

Other than above

Y

engines, some other emergency service vehicles and some load pilot

 

G

vehicles ñ refer to the HMVSIG for details.

LHA

(e)

A headlamp is out of alignment

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness and the misalignment poses a significant safety risk to other road users 3

3 Applies only to cases where the alignment of low beam headlamps

 

P

is such that there is a significant risk

(ii)

Other than above

Y

of dazzling or blinding oncoming traffic.

LHY

(f)

More than 2 headlamps operate on low beam 4

 

Y

4 For vehicles fitted with auxiliary headlamps, refer also to 1.7 below.

LHY

(g)

More than 4 headlamps operate on high beam 4

Y

LDO

(h)

A high beam headlamp operates when low beam is selected

Y

 

LHY

(i)

A headlamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber

G

LHY

(j)

Headlamps on either side do not have approx. equal light output

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

LHU

Condition

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness and detachment of all headlamps is imminent

   

(k)

A headlamp is not securely fitted

 

P

(ii)

Detachment is imminent under conditions other than (i)

G

(iii)

Other than above

Y

LHS

(l)

A headlamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output or pattern is affected or water is in the lamp (failure of the lamp is imminent e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged)

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LHY

(m)

A headlamp is obscured 5

(i)

Fully obscured

P

5

Obscured, for example, by a bull

 

(ii)

Partially obscured

G

bar.

(iii)

Fully or obscured (Day)

Y

 

LHI

(n)

A headlamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output or pattern is affected (Night)

G

 

(ii)

Other than above (Day)

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.2 Side lamps

Rear

   

LMY

(a)

A required side lamp is not fitted

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness with no rear side lamps fitted

P

 

(ii)

No right side rear tail lamp working during the hours of darkness and no other rear right side lamp operational below 2 meters

P

(iii)

Other than above

G

LMO

(b)

A side lamp is not operational, works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped.

(i)

A vehicle is operated during the hours of darkness with no rear side lamp fully operational .

P

 

(ii)

Other than above

G

LMY3

(c)

A rear side lamp emits light of a colour other than red or rear side lamp is obscured

(i)

Fully obscured (Night)

P

(ii)

Partially Obscured

Y

 

(iii)

Other

Y

LMY2

(d)

A front side lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber (but is not red)

 

General

 

Y

LMM

(e)

A side lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LMU

(f)

A side lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected, or failure of the lamp is imminent (e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged, or water is in the lamp)

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LMY

(g)

A side lamp is obscured

(i)

Fully obscured

G

 

(ii)

Partially obscured

Y

LMY

(h)

A side lamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected (Night)

G

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.3

Direction indicator lamps (incl. repeaters)

 

LIO

(a)

Indicator system does not operate

 

P

 

LIF

(b)

A required direction indicator lamp is not fitted

G

LIO

(c)

A direction indicator lamp is not operational

Y

LIY

(d)

A direction-indicator lamp works intermittently or flickers when tapped

1

A direction indicator lamp does not flash at a rate of between 60 and 120 times per minute 1

(i)

The lamp is a required lamp

Y

LIY

(e)

(ii)

The lamp is an auxiliary lamp

Y

1

Applies also to auxiliary direction indicator lamps (defects without reference to this note do not apply

 

Y

to auxiliary direction indicator lamps).

LIY2

(f)

A front direction indicator lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber

1

Y

 

LIY3

(g)

A rear direction indicator lamp emits light of a colour other than red or amber 1

Y

LIU

(h)

A direction indicator lamp is not securely fitted 1

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LIS

(i)

A direction indicator lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected, or failure of the lamp is imminent (e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged, or water is in the lamp)

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LIY

(j)

A direction indicator lamp is obscured

(i)

Fully obscured

G

 

(ii)

Partially obscured

Y

LIY

(k)

 

LIY

(l)

A direction indicator lamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

A required warning device which indicates the failure of one or more direction indicator lamps is not fitted or not operational

(i)

The lampís light output is affected

Y

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.4

Stop lamps (incl. aux. stop lamps)

 

LSF

(a)

A required stop lamp is not fitted

(i)

No required stop lamp is fitted

P

 

(ii)

Only one of two required stop lamps is fitted

G

LSO

(b)

A stop lamp does not operate when the service brake is applied

(i)

All required stop lamps are affected

G

(ii)

At least one required stop lamp is not affected and works normally

Y

LSY

(c)

A stop lamp operates when the service brake is not applied

1

(i)

All stop lamps are affected

G

(ii)

At least one required stop lamp is not affected and works normally

Y

LSO

(d)

A stop lamp works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped 1

(i)

All stop lamps are affected

G

(ii)

At least one required stop lamp is not affected and works normally

Y

LSY

(e)

A stop lamp emits light of a colour other than red 1

 

Y

LSU

(f)

A stop lamp is not securely fitted 1

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LSY

(g)

A stop lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

 

(i)

The lampís light output is affected

Y

(ii)

Failure of the lamp is imminent (e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged, or water is in the lamp)

G

 

(iii)

Other than above

Y

LSY

(h)

A stop lamp is obscured

(i)

Fully obscured

G

 

(ii)

Partially obscured

Y

LSY

(i)

A stop lamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected

Y

1 Applies also to auxiliary stop lamps (defects without reference to this

note do not apply to auxiliary stop lamps).

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.5 Rear reflectors

LRFS

(j)

Right hand reflector is missing or ineffective during hours of darkness

 

P

LRF

(k)

A required rear reflector is not fitted

(i)

No required reflector is fitted

G

 

(ii)

Only one of two required reflectors is fitted

G

LRY

(i)

A rear reflector reflects light of a colour other than red

 

Y

LRU

(j)

A rear reflector is not securely fitted

Y

LRS

(k)

A rear reflector is damaged or not clean

Y

LRY

(l)

A rear reflector is partially or fully obscured

(i)

Night

G

 

(ii)

Day

Y

LRY

(m)

A rear reflector is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

 

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.6

Registration plate lamps

 

LNF

(a)

A required registration plate lamp is not fitted

G

LNO

(b)

A registration plate lamp is not operational, works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped

Y

LNY

(c)

A registration plate lamp emits light of a colour other than white

Y

LNY

(d)

A registration plate lamp is directly visible from the rear

Y

LNU

(e)

A registration plate lamp is not securely fitted

Y

LNY

(f)

A registration plate lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

Y

LNY

(g)

A registration plate lamp is obscured

Y

1.7

Auxiliary headlamps

 
 

Fitting

 

LAF

(a)

Only one (front), or more than two (front or rear), fog

G

lamp(s) is/are fitted

LAF

(b)

Only one, or more than two, auxiliary high beam headlamp(s) is/are fitted

G

(c)

A fog lamp to the rear is not red

G

(d)

A front fog lamp is not dipped

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

 

Operation

     

LAO

(e)

An auxiliary headlamp is not operational, works

1

1

intermittently, flashes

, or flickers when tapped

 

Y

 

Flashing headlamps are permitted on Police vehicles, ambulances, fire

LAY

(f)

A fog lamp is not permanently dipped

Y

engines, some other emergency service vehicles and some load pilot

LAA

(g)

An auxiliary high beam headlamp is out of alignment

Y

vehicles ñ refer to the HMVSIG for details.

LAY

(h)

An auxiliary high beam headlamp is not connected so that it extinguishes when the driver switches the OE headlamps from high beam to low beam

Y

 

LAY

(i)

An auxiliary headlamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber (but not red in colour)

Y

 

If red

P

LAM

(j)

Auxiliary headlamps on either side do not have approx. equal light output

Y

Condition

   

LAU

(k)

An auxiliary headlamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LAS

(l)

An auxiliary headlamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lamp is an auxiliary high beam headlamp that replaces the OE headlamps when in use

Y

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LAY

(m)

An auxiliary headlamp is obscured

(i)

The lamp is an auxiliary high beam headlamp that replaces the OE headlamps when in use

Y

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LAY

(n)

An auxiliary headlamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lamp is an auxiliary high beam headlamp that replaces the OE headlamps when in use

Y

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.8

Spot lamps

 

LDF

(a)

More than one spot lamp is fitted

 

Y

LDY

(b)

A spot lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber

Y

LOU

(c)

A spot lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

Y

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

1.9

Cornering lamps

 

LOF/

(a)

Only one, or more than two, cornering lamp(s) is/are fitted

 

LIF

 

Y

LIO/

   

LOD

(b)

A cornering lamp works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped

 

Y

LIY

(c)

A cornering lamp operates with the headlamps switched off, without the direction indicators on the same side operating, or with the direction indicators on the opposite side operating

Y

LOA

(d)

A cornering lamp emits a light other than white or amber

G

LOY

(e)

A cornering lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber

Y

LOY

(f)

A cornering lamp is directly visible from the rear

Y

LOF

(g)

A cornering lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.10

Reversing lamps

 

LBY

(a)

More than two reversing lamps are fitted

 

Y

 

LBO

(b)

A reversing lamp works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped

Y

LBO

(c)

A reversing lamp operates without the reverse gear engaged or, if switched independently of the reverse gear

G

LBF

(d)

A reversing lamp is not white in colour

(i)

Other than above

Y

1.11

Daytime running lamps

 

LOY

(a)

Only one, or more than two, daytime running lamp(s) is/are fitted

 

G

Group ëAí or ëTí vehicles not to have daytime running lamps (DTR).

LOY

(b)

A daytime running lamp is not fitted at the front of the vehicle or does not face forward

Y

LDO

(c)

 

LOY

(d)

A daytime running lamp works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped or operates with fog lights

A daytime running lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber

 

Y

Y

LOF

(e)

A daytime running lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.12 Side marker lamps

LMY2

(a)

A required side marker lamp is not fitted

 

G

LMY2

(b)

A side marker lamp is not fitted at approx. 1/3 of the vehicleís length from the rear

Y

LMO2

(c)

A side marker lamp is not operational, works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped

Y

LMY2

(d)

A side marker lamp emits light of a colour other than white or amber to the front; or red or amber to the rear

Y

LMU2

(e)

A side marker lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LMS2

(f)

A side marker lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected, or failure of the lamp is imminent (e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged, or water is in the lamp)

Y

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LMY2

(g)

A side marker lamp is obscured

(i)

Fully obscured (Night only)

G

 

(ii)

Partially obscured

Y

LMY2

(h)

A side marker lamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected

Y

(ii)

Other than above

Y

1.13

Cab roof lamps

 

LOY

(a)

A required cab roof lamp is not fitted

 

G

LOO

(b)

 

LOY

(c)

A cab roof lamp is not operational, works intermittently, flashes, or flickers when tapped

A cab roof lamp emits light of a colour other than amber

 

Y

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

LOF

(d)

A cab roof lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LOS

(e)

A cab roof lamp is damaged, e.g. the lens is damaged or missing, water is in the lamp, or the reflector is deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected, or failure of the lamp is imminent (e.g. a lens is missing or significantly damaged, or water is in the lamp)

Y

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LOY

(f)

A cab roof lamp is partially or fully obscured

 

Y

LOY

(g)

A cab roof lamp is partially or fully fitted with a cover that is opaque, tinted, damaged or deteriorated

(i)

The lampís light output is affected

Y

(ii)

Other than above

Y

1.14 Scene lamps

 

LOY

(a)

 

LOY

(b)

A scene lamp is fitted to a vehicle other than a heavy goods vehicle, forklift, ambulance or fire appliance

More than two scene lamps are fitted to a heavy goods vehicle, or more than four scene lamps are fitted to an ambulance or fire appliance

 

Y

Y

LOF

(c)

A scene lamp is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

LOY

(d)

A warning light which indicates operation of a scene lamp to the driver is not fitted or not operational

 

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

1.15 Flashing or revolving lamps

LOY

(a)

A flashing or revolving lamp is fitted to a vehicle that is not permitted to be fitted with a flashing or revolving lamp

1

 

G

1

Refer to the HMVSIG for details on vehicles permitted to be fitted with flashing or revolving lamps,

LOM

(b)

A flashing or revolving lamp is not fitted as specified 1

Y

and the conditions relating to their fitment.

LOY

(c)

The number of flashing or revolving lamps fitted exceeds the number permitted

1

Y

 

LOY

(d)

A flashing or revolving lamp emits light of a colour other than the colour specified 1

G

LOF

(e)

A flashing or revolving lamp is not securely fitted 1

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

2.

Vision

 

2.1

Glazing, incl. windscreens

 
 

Fitting

   

IWY

(a)

A piece of glazing does not comply with an approved

standard or trade name

 

G

LWY

(b)

A windscreen is not made of laminated glass, or any other piece of glazing is not made of safety glass

G

LWY

(c)

A windscreen has a VLT of <70%

(i)

The VLT is <35%

P

 

(ii)

Other than above

G

LWA

(d)

A piece of glazing is not securely fitted

(i)

A windscreen is not securely fitted

G

 

(ii)

Any other piece of glazing is not securely fitted

G

Condition

 

IWI

(e)

A windscreen or front side window is obstructed or not

(i)

The driverís vision is significantly impaired

P

clean

(ii)

Other than above

Y

IWS

(f)

A windscreen or front side window is damaged

(i)

The damage significantly impairs the driverís

 

vision

glazing 2 or the operation of the windscreen wipers

1

or compromises the strength of the

1 Any damage within the critical vision area other than minor

P

scratching or surface pitting is

(ii)

Other than above

Y

deemed to significantly impair the driverís vision.

IWS

(g)

Any other piece of glazing is damaged

(i)

The damage significantly compromises the

2 Any damage that is outside the

 

strength of

the glazing

P

repair limits of the approved repair

(ii)

Other than above

Y

standard is deemed to significantly compromise the strength of the windscreen.

05/05/05

16

Categorisation of Defects Project Comprehensive Inspection – Version 1

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

IWY

(h)

A modification to a piece of glazing does not comply with applicable requirements

(i)

A windscreen is fitted with a tinted overlay that reduces the overall VLT to <35% in the Critical Vision

P

 
 

(ii)

A tinted overlay is fitted that reduces the overall VLT of:

Refer to the HMVSIG for details.

a windscreen to <70%; or

a front side window to <35%

G

Windscreen can not have tinted overlay

(iii)

A modification other than (i) or (ii) significantly impairs the driverís vision, compromises the strength of glazing, or causes annoyance to other road users

G

ie mirrored overlay

(iv)

Other than above

Y

IWY

 

(i)

A wire mesh windscreen stone guard extends higher than the top of the steering wheel, its mesh size is less than 12mm, or there is no space between the stone guard and the windscreen

 

Y

IWY

   

(j)

An overlay is applied along lower edge of windscreen above the highest point of the steering wheel in the uppermost position

 

Y

2.2

Windscreen wipe and wash systems

 

IIY

(a)

An original equipment (OE) windscreen wiper is not fitted on a vehicle required to be fitted with a windscreen wipe system

(i)

A vehicle is operated in rain with no wiper fitted to clear the windscreen in front of the driver

P

Must be capable of keeping an

(ii)

Other than above

G

adequate area of the windscreen clean and clear for vehicles safe operation.

IIO

(b)

A windscreen wiper is not operational or works intermittently

(i)

A vehicle is operated in rain with no fully operational wiper to clear the windscreen in front of the driver

P

 

(ii)

Other than above

G

 

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

III

(c)

A

windscreen wiper is not effective

(i)

A vehicle is operated in rain and the driverís

   
 

vision

is significantly impaired

P

 

Must be capable of keeping an

(ii)

Other

than above

G

adequate area of the windscreen clean and clear for vehicles safe operation.

IIU

(d)

A windscreen wiper is not securely fitted

(i)

A vehicle is operated in rain and detachment of the wiper that clears the windscreen in front of the driver is imminent

P

 
 

(ii)

Detachment of a wiper is imminent under conditions other than (i)

Y

(iii)

Other than above

Y

IIF

(e)

A required windscreen wash system is not fitted

 

Y

IIO

(f)

A windscreen wash system is not operational or works

 

intermittently

 

Y

IIY

(g)

A windscreen wash system is not effective

Y

2.3

Rear-view mirrors

 

EMY

(a)

A required rear-view mirror 1 is not fitted

 

G

1

PSVs must have L&R external. No req for internal.

EMA

(b)

A rear-view mirror does not provide the driver with an

   

adequate and clear view to the rear of the vehicle and,

if applicable, its load; and any trailer and its load

 

G

EMA

(c)

A

rear-view mirror is not adjustable or does not

 

maintain its adjustment

 

Y

EMU

(d)

A

rear-view mirror is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Additional to PSVs

 

IJY

 

A

rear-view mirror 1 does not provide the driver with an

adequate and clear view to the rear of the interior and the exterior vicinity of the doors used for entry and exit by passengers

 

G

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

2.4

Television sets

 

ITY

(a)

A television set is fitted where it is directly visible to the driver and, while the vehicle is in motion, the set can be used for purposes other than providing a view to the rear of the vehicle, navigation, or safe operation and control of the vehicle; or screen only displays text and any change is controlled manually by driver; or PSV Rule complied with in a PSV

 

G

2.5

Driver’s sun visor

 

IVF

(a)

A required sun visor is not fitted

 

G

IUO

(b)

A sun visor is not operational

(i)

Must be ìeffectiveî

G

IVU

(c)

A sun visor is not securely fitted

(i)

Detachment is imminent

G

 

(ii)

Other than above

Y

Additional to PSVs

 

IVY

(d)

A sun visor cannot be adjusted from the driverís seat

 

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

 

Notes

3.

Brakes

 

3.1

Brakes, general

 

BSI01

(a)

A brake fails to release immediately after the brake pedal is released

 

P

 

BSO1

(b)

A brake does not function properly on any wheel equipped for braking

P

BSA1

(c)

Brakes do not apply simultaneously on two wheels with a common axis

P

BSC1

(d)

An ABS system is non operational but brakes do operate

P

With conditions

Service brake

 

BSF1

(e)

A required service brake is not fitted

 

P

BS11

(f)

A service brake does not act on all wheels ñ (if required)

P

BS11

(g)

The service brake on a common axle is unbalanced

(i)

The imbalance exceeds 20% on a single steer front axle or there is a marked deviation from a straight path when the brake is applied

P

 

(ii)

The imbalance exceeds 20% on an axle other than a single steer front axle

G

(iii)

Other than above

G

BPF1

(h)

The performance of a service brake does not meet the legal requirements 1-2

 

P

1 A service brake must be capable of stopping a vehicle under all conditions of loading within a

Park and emergency brake

 

BPI1

(i)

A required park brake or emergency brake is not fitted

 

P

distance of 7 m from a speed of 30 km/h (50% average efficiency). Or

BPI1

(j)

A park brake or emergency brake does not act on at least half the number of road wheels

G

2 Performance tests from a roller brake machine which produce less

BCY1

(k)

The park brake on a common axle is unbalanced

G

than 50% average efficiency*

05/05/05

20

Categorisation of Defects Project Comprehensive Inspection – Version 1

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

BCY1

(l)

The performance of a park brake does not meet the legal requirements 3

 

P

3

A park brake must be capable of holding a vehicle under all conditions of loading on a slope of 1

(m)

The emergency brake of a trailer does not apply automatically when the brake coupling is separated

 
 

P

in 5 and, as an emergency brake, must be capable of stopping a vehicle under all conditions of loading within a distance of 18 m

AYY1

(n)

A suzie is fitted to a trailer, other than a semi-trailer, without a device that disconnects the air supply when the trailer disconnects

 
 

Y

from a speed of 30 km/h (20% average efficiency)* OR

Additional to PSVs

 

3

Performance tests from a roller brake machine which produces less than 20% average efficiency

Refer to the HMVSIG for exemptions and details.

AGY

(o)

A required vacuum gauge or low vacuum audible alarm is not fitted, not operational, or works intermittently

 

G

*

3.2

Driver controls

 
 

Service brake

   

BMY1

(a)

A brake pedal is not securely fastened

(i)

Detachment is imminent or the pedal is loose so that it can contact the vehicle structure or any fittings

P

 

(ii)

The pedal is loose (e.g. there is significant sideways movement) but it cannot contact the structure or any fittings

G

(iii)

Other than above

Y

BMI1

(b)

There is insufficient reserve pedal travel

(i)

The pedal bottoms out before the brake is fully applied -hydraulic

P

 

ie not in good adjustment

 

(ii)

For a hydraulic system, less than 1/3 of pedal travel remains when the brake is fully applied; or for an air system, the treadle valve is fully open only toward the very end of pedal travel

G

 

BMY1

(c)

The friction surface of a brake pedal is worn or missing

 

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

 

Notes

 

Park brake and emergency brake

   

BPY1

(d)

A lever is missing or not operational or does not lock

into position an remain permanent applied

 

P

BEI1

(e)

A lever is not securely fastened

(i)

Detachment is imminent or there is a risk of the brake being released inadvertently

P

 

(ii)

Other than above

G

BRI1

(f)

There is excessive lever travel

(i)

Less than 1/3 of lever travel remains when the brake is fully applied

G

With conditions

 

(ii)

Other than above

G

3.3

Pipes, hoses and connectors

 

BCU

(a)

A brake pipe is not supported over a span of >700mm for ÿ 6 to 10mm pipe, or > 1000mm for ÿ 10 to 18mm pipe

 

Y

ÿ ñ Symbol for ëoutside diameterí

BCI1

(b)

A brake pipe or shielded brake hose is fitted within <100mm from any part of the exhaust system; or an unshielded brake hose is fitted within <200mm

Y

BCL1

(c)

A brake pipe, hose or connector is in contact with any parts of the vehicle in a way that could cause damage or wear such as chafing or denting

(i)

The pipe hose or connector is in contact with any moving parts and failure is imminent

P

(ii)

The pipe, hose or connector is in contact with any moving parts. Not imminent

Y

 

(iii)

Other than above

Y

BCN1

(d)

A brake pipe, hose or connector leaks

(i)

There is an audible air leak, a hydraulic leak from a pipe, hose or connector, or any other

 

significant

leak

P

(ii)

There is a hydraulic weep from a wheel or

master cylinder

G

BCY1

(e)

A brake pipe is corroded

(i)

The pipe is pitted or the pipeís ÿ is noticeably increased

Other than above

 

(ii)

G

Y

Code

Inspection item and description of defect

Severity of defect (if applicable) and defect category

Notes

BCW1

(f)

The cross sectional area of a brake pipe or hose is reduced, e.g. as a result of denting or kinking

(iii)

The pipe or hose is blocked or almost blocked, e.g. any part of a pipe is flat or almost flat, or a hose is kinked

P

 

(iv)

The cross-sectional area is significantly reduced

G

(v)

Other than above

Y

BCW1

(g)

A brake hose bulges under pressure

 

G

BCW1

(h)

A brake hose is cracked or chafed

(i)

Cracking or chafing extends all the way through the hoseís outer layer, i.e. subsequent layers of the hose are visible

G

 

(ii)

Less than above

Y

(iii)

More than above

P

BCJ1

(i)

A brake pipe, hose or connector is otherwise damaged, incl. cracked pipes or connectors; and twisted or stretched brake hoses

(i)

A pipe or connector is cracked, or failure is imminent

(ii)

A pipe or hose is twisted or stretched but failure is not imminent

P

G

3.4

Linkages and mechanisms

 

BEY1

(a)

Any part of a brake mechanism is not securely fitted or attached

 

P