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a Resilient Restoration and Reconstruction and disadvantaged groups development


  

  
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a  us of t  words µpoor¶ and µpovrty¶ ar bot rativ trms. Rativ to t  coistnc of t 
divrsity of a nation. For t  purposs of t is papr i wi rfr to µt  Poor¶ as t os w o av imitd
abiity to improv t ir wat and ar basicay isting on t  minima rsourcs of food and s tr.
I do not suggst t at t is spctrum of pops ar ncssariy un appy nor starving. Howvr t y
rmain ig y vunrab to t  pt ora of azards from natura googica and mtoroogica vnts
to famin and disas and t  ffcts of confict. a y ar for a intns and purposs pury
isting. Consunty t y rmain vry riant upon µour¶ adrs ip to improv sustainabiity and
surviva. Howvr, muc of t is papr wi aso addrss your own community approac to dvoping
and n ancing t ir own rsiinc. a r can not b on ru for on and anot r ru for ot rs. It
as bn goba y accptd t at t  vunrab poor ruir dirct assistanc, not by andouts, but by
mpowring t m wit t  skis and undrstanding of dvoping rsiinc.

As an amp B utan is in on of t  most sismicay activ zons in t  word and t  2009
art uak was t  most damaging natura disastr t  country as princd in rcnt tims, wit
12 pop kid and t ousands ft wit out propr s tr. Among t  wors t it aras wr t 
districts of Mongar and aras igang, two of t  most rmot and impovris d aras in t  country.
a  Govrnmnt of B utan and dvopmnt partnrs providd swift assistanc in t  immdiat
aftrmat of t  caamity but wit out ongr trm support, incuding t  rbuiding of damagd
sc oos and ot r pubic faciitis, t r ar concrns t at arady poor communitis wi b pungd
vn dpr into povrty.

a  projct is taking a µbuid back bttr¶ approac w ic wi s t  four targt sc oos rstord
using art uak -rsiint matrias and dsign. W r possib, oca matrias wi b sourcd w i
privat contractors doing t  construction work wi b ncouragd to ir mmbrs of t  affctd
communitis, incuding womn. Participating community mmbrs wi aso b taug t art uak
rsiint construction tc nius t at coud potntiay b appid to communa buidings or t ir own
oms. Disastr risk managmnt skis wi b taug t to district govrnmnt officias an d tac rs
and sc oo administrators, w o wi in turn provid community training aimd at incrasing awarnss
and nsuring ffctiv rsponss to caamitis. [1] · 

Wit in t  pubis d µImpmntation Pan ¶ [2] for t is sminar I av idntifid two of t  objctivs
vry rvant to t is papr
å     ao anayz t  impact of natura disastrs on t  povrty and povrty rduction in
goba and Asian countris;
å    ao por ways of furt r optimizing disastr risk m anagmnt to promot povrty
rduction.
a is papr wi rviw t  c angs and attmpt to addrss som of t  ssntia ingrdints of
potntia soutions. I wi rfr to t  prcption of risk; isting community knowdg; assssmnts;
DRR ducation bot forma and informa; t  mpowring of t  c idrn to dvop ong trm
sustainabiity; Advocacy; capacity buiding; custring; and mpowring t  pop by n ancing t ir
Loca Indignous knowdg to av som contro of t ir own dstiny.
I av addrssd t s subjcts, aong sid many coagus during numrous intrnationa
mtings and confrncs ovr t  past yars. I draw upon t os words to amagamat t  topics to
addrss t is sssions tit wit in t is papr.

W firsty nd to ask oursvs w y do som communitis surviv w and ot rs not. W y is it t at
som ar rsiint, prpard and ab to rcovr rativy uicky but ot rs tak yars, in fact som
fai to vr fuy rcovr.
I turn to our undrstanding of t  µprcption of risk¶ raising t at our vunrabiity to t  numrous
potntia azards is comp, w ic mig t affct a goba rgion, an individua mainand country or
Isand, a rgion wit in a country, a sing communi ty or simpy for amp, on sc oo wit in a
community. a is as bn rcognisd rcnty wit in t  rgion of Sic uan.

Quoting from t  fina rport of t  rcnt 1st Dujiangyan Intrnationa Forum for Education for
Sustainab Dvopmnt d in Juy 2010.[3].
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ao undrstand t  potntia risks, w nd to mak oursvs awar of t  diffring typs of azards
iky to affct us. Oftn t s ar passd down btwn gnrations wit in t  coctiv indignous
or as som prfr, oca knowdg. D uring mor rcn t dcads t is knowdg as bn rinforcd
by forma Disastr Rduction ducation wit in sc oos and communitis introducd by spciaist
advocators, constanty ncouraging t  incusion of DR wit in Education for a. rfrring to an
initiativ d in Apri 2009, during w ic µ aac rs wit out Bordrs ¶, t  Dujiangyan Burau of
Education and t  aac r araining Sc oo in Dujiangyan, C ina, conductd a 10 -day art uak
mrgncy ducation works op for ovr 200 tac rs and sc oo administrators in Duji angyan,
aviy damagd by t  2008 Sic uan Eart uak [4] ·  

Our c ang is t at In an ra of mobiity coctiv indignous knowdg concrning disastrs


bcoms diutd. a is raity props us to ook for nw soutions and poicis amongst w ic sc oos
bcom a propr nus.
I cit t  Simuu Isand as an amp, back in t  2004 asunami w r t  70,000 in abitants
survivd. W y did t y? Bcaus yars ago simiar vnt s occurrd and consunty ovr t 
gnrations t  storis wr andd down,  
    
/ . A
w stabis d cutur of surviva by a rativy stab indignous popuation. [5] · 
  

Howvr wit in our modrn socity w av t  mor transint popuation du to conomic
migration, somtims confict and somtims du to nvironm nta c ang atring our agricutura
pattrns and not to forgt for rasons of rocation post disastr . Consunty coctiv indignous
knowdg, so vita to nsur sustainab communitis by crating t  ncssary rsiinc , bcoms
diutd and oftn forgottn.
Is t is nws to us? I biv not, owvr I t ink t at it is ncssary t at w rmind ours vs of t s
foowing facts prior to stabis ing and impmnting nw poicis.
Assssmnts of risk and contingncy; Informd managmnt dvopmnt to addrss rsiinc;
Capacity buiding of stak odrs to n anc sustainabiity; a  invovmnt of t  c idrn wit in t 
dcision making procss wit in a community; C ommunity prcption of risk and vunrabiity to b
a managd cyc, continuay rviwd . Consunty w n a Disastr Managmnt cyc is put
in pac incorporating t s facts , prssurs can b rasd from t  Administration bcaus
communitis can bgin to p t msvs.

Lt us rviw som of t s ingrdints. Assssmnts ar a ky factor. Assssmnts s oud not
simpy b gnratd from scintific studis but s oud incud bottom up raisation, dvoping a
raistic prcption of vunrabiity wit in t  communitis. Assssmnt is a continuous cyc
contributd to from t  scintist to t  obsrvant individua. a is approac t rfor potntiay
dvops ownrs ip for an ducatd community to dcid its dstiny. Consunty it is t roug
ducation t at w bst stand a c anc to rais D isastr Rduction awarnss to dvop a µDR
Cutur¶ w ic n ancs Rgiona and Nationa stratgis for improving sustainabiity and rsiinc
to t  many t ratning vnts to a community . My ong tim p iosop y is t at µby starting wit
today¶s c idrn, you t n convinc tomorrow¶s dcision makrs from S op Kpr to Prsidnt ¶.

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If DRR wit in Sc oos is approac d using a compr nsiv stratgic pan, wit mappd and
monitord progrss fortifid by coaboration, propr assssmnt, transparncy of agnda and
incusivnss of a stak odrs, t n it is potntiay possib to cr at continuity of Education
t roug any crisis, gnrating fast track rcovry, dvoping sustainabiity wit in a communitis and
ncouraging ownrs ip of Pdgs mad wit in t  Intrnationa Agnda not ony of making safr
sc oos and ospitas in pos t disastr but aso proactivy in DRR stratgis for a vunrab
communitis

Importanty Wit in our DRR stratgis w nd to addrss awarnss, stratgic panning, community
invovmnt, rsourcing, assssmnt of nd and of vunrabiity, mappin g of promis and of
commitmnt and mapping of progrss of t  p ysica impmntation.
In ordr to gnrat t  µdsird pac¶ during any rcovry or contingncy pan , w nd to considr
t  dvopmnt of a dfind nationa poicy and t  rsponsibiit y of its impmntation t roug
ownrs ip of t  poicy at Nationa, Rgiona and oca v; w nd to considr t  dvopmnt of
gisatd Buiding Cods for nw buid, rocation wit a buid back bttr p iosop y; w nd to
nsur t  dvopmnt of t  optimum dsign princips supportd by gisation wit in Poicy by
Govrnmnts for rtrofitting and maintnanc; w nd to addrss t  c angs of stabis ing a
compianc poicy and mor importanty a µcompianc cutur¶ wit in communitis; and w nd to
considr t  rsourcs for stab projct managmnt and compr  nsiv capacity buid
programms.
As a suggstion I rcommnd t at w considr dvoping sc oo custrs to aid t  imitd
rsourcs avaiab to t  managmnt of DR initiat ivs and to aid t  capacity imitation of tac rs
and panning managmnt . a is approac not ony combins t  strngt s of diffring communitis
but aso aows t  s aring of rsourcs nabing communitis to dvop a dynamic approac of
communication and raction to potntia azards ·  %#  

19,000 studnts kid in a r minuts in t  2005 Pakistan Eart uak, 7000+ r in C ina w ist
a sitting in t ir cassrooms, wanting to arn for t ir futur, to t  bnfit of t ir famiis,
communitis and for t ir country. a s tragdis did not sparat t  poor from t  ric c idrn.
a y sat togt r as uas wit in t  ducation systm.

Consunty to addrss ong trm sustainabiity wit in a v of our socity , I rcommnd w
s oud start wit t  c idrn and studnts, a coctiv and captiv audinc w o ar naturay at
t ir arning stag, ar opn to n w idas, ab to dissminat t  information back into t 
community t roug parnts and frinds and av tim to dvop projcts, not ony for t ir cass but
aso wit in t ir community.
#   & 
Citis and studnts ar broug t togt r in a program cad ³Mmo¶Risks´. Cad upon by t ir
Mayor, studnts 11 yars and odr ad an inuiry about a natura azard t at concrns t ir city.
a  projct is a trans -discipinary sc oo projct anc ord ocay and in daiy if. Studnts ar invit d
to start simp actions suc as drawing risk maps, uncovring mmoris by intrviwing t  dry,
ustioning t  popuation about its v of information and prparation, asking oca workrs,
businssmn and s op -kprs about t  possib consun cs of a disastr. Adut awarnss is
raisd at t  sam tim. a  finis d work is prsnt at t  city - a opn to t  pubic, and
rcognizd in oca nwspaprs and radio. [6] ( ttpwww.prvntion2000.orgmmorisksi
nd. tm ) Sourc UNISDR 2008

I rmp asis C idrn, studnts ar t  vry futur of a dvoping sustainab community, a rgion ,
a country, of our word. Infunc t m and you infunc tomorrows Poitician, doctor, nurs, parnt,
tac r, tradr and industriaist, consunty c anging t  DR cutur from fataistic, from pss,
to a sustainab, opfu, capab and rsponsib rsiint sris of communitis, rgions and
countris and«. in doing so, rvrting a potntia ' Human Disastr' back into pury a 'Natura Evnt' .
a is is not to say t at vnts wi not av normous conomic ffcts, suc is dvoping wit in
Pakistan at prsnt. Howvr miracuousy t r as bn ss t an 2000 ivs ost wit an vnt
argr t an t  grat asunami of 2004.

If w ar to accpt t at ducation can pay t  grat ro wit in dvoping µ Cor stratgis of
Disastr Risk Managmnt and Povrty Rduction ¶ t n w must rviw Gobay t  approac to
ESD Education for Sustainab Dvopmnt and intgration of DR wit in ESD.
I uot from µa  Concpt Not¶ documnt prpard by mmbrs of t  UN ISDR aPKE for t 
WCESD 2008 in Bonn [6]

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Howvr in t  pursuit of ESD..........if w ar to concntrat DRRE on t  Larning stabis mnts


ducating and training coctivy, aHEN I mp asis t at w must mak t  Sc oos, Univrsitis
and a training and arning stabis mnts a safr and rsiint nvironmnt. W y tac t  c idrn
on day to potntiay os t m a t  nt day undr a pi of rubb, dstroying t  sustainabiity
w striv for aong wit t  w o infuntia nt gnration of t  ducatd and t  traind
craftsmn and womn, t  futur piars of Disastr Risk Rduction and Sustainab Dvopmnt.
Sc oo vunrabiity strongy affcts a country¶s abiity to ac iv t  Minnium Dvopmnt Goas
(MDGs) of t  univrsa rig t to primary ducation   

 , and t  UNESCO
d ³Education for A´ initiativ, bot µony¶ attainab w n princips of rsiint nvironmnts and
sc oo safty ar mad a priority.
Muc can b don to guid futur ducationa infrastructur panning and construction and to rduc
t  vunrabiity of sc oos and ducationa buidings t roug proactiv mitigation programs.
a  safty of ducationa infrastructur nds to bcom a nationa priority and an ssntia part of
t  Ministris of Education¶s ro  must b in making it imprativ to nsur t at poicis, guidins,
impmntation and monitoring mc anisms ar ndd. a  foowing conditions av to b mt to
nsur saf ducation cntrs
(1) Saf sits ar dfind in a dtaid risk anaysis.
(2) Nw ducation cntrs ar buit for disastr rsistanc in compianc wit buiding rguations.
(3) Eisting ducation cntrs ar assssd and broug t up to rguation standards t roug
structura rinforcmnt and rtrofitting as appropriat.
(4) Minimum standards for rgiona buiding rguations ar dvopd and appid.
(5) Spcia attntion is paid to ducationa infrastructur in and us and dvopmnt panning.
Consunty t r drivd t  prioritisd coctiv sris of 'goba saf sc oo s' and 'DR ducation'
projcts and initiativs. In 2005 t  Coaition for Goba Sc oo Safty stabis d an intrnationa
ntwork of advocats and activists; 2007 saw t  A mdabad Action Agnda adoptd at t  first
pur Intrnationa Confrnc on Sc oo  Safty organisd by SEEDS, idntifying t  nd for
immdiat and midtrm prioritis; Disastr Rduction Education in Sc oos; Disastr Rsiint Sc oo
Infrastructur; Saf Sc oo and Community Environmnt; Advocacy and govrnmnt Poicy on
Sc oo Safty. It aso idntifid stak odr ros and rsponsibiitis; a is was foowd by t  2008
Intrnationa Sc oo Safty Confrnc in Pakistan organisd by t  Aga K an Foundation wit t 
µIsamabad Dcaration on Sc oo Safty¶
prioritising DRR Educatio n and t  cration of rsiint sc oo buidings t roug nw buid codd
impmntation and rtrofit and t  us of PPPs Privat Pubic Partnrs ips.

Again rfrring back spcificay to t is Sminars Sssion and t is Paprs tit, t r ar normous
advantags of using t  sc oo as a nus wit in t  community, b it poor or ric . Nw Zaand
rcnty princ considrab damag by an art uak, many buidings faiing to ac iv t 
ncssary rsiint pctations. I av bn a strong advocat to mak t  sc oo a nus, t 
cntra foca point to a community, not ony to arn wit in but uay to visuay arn from.
Education stabis mnts s oud b usd as an amp of rsiint construct ion mt ods for t 
communitis to foow wit in t ir own oms, viags and towns and uay, to nsur sustainab
DRR, impmntd into t  nvironmnts of Hospitas, stratgic ogistica infrastructur ,
Administration, and Industry.
In ordr to aid and commnc t  faciitation of t is stratgy a  INEE wit Intrnationa partnrs as
initiatd a Goba projct producing t  .
   @ & &  ( 
 , aunc d at
t  ISDR Goba Patform in Gnva 2009. A trmndous DRR asst too strngt ning ESD wit in
vunrab, poor and dvoping communitis.
W s oud rmmbr t at Rsiint constructd arning stabis mnts can aso offr a pac of
rfug during and post disastr or during continud trm cimatic conditions as princd wit in
Pakistan rcnty and t n uay as a foca point for community activitis and ESD for aduts during
passiv tims. So a vry usfu asst to a w o community , not just t  studnts, and nding to b
protctd.
It is agrd t at any if ost is a tragdy, a disastr to an individua famiy, but w cant do it a at
onc; so by commncing wit DRRE in support of ESD aimd primariy at t  c idrn and studnts
of a ags, w av immdiaty initiatd ownrs ip, awarnss and rsponsibiity wit in a
community for t  futur, crating t  normous ncssary sustainab rsourc for vryon
working wit in t  many aspcts of Disastr Risk Rduction to t  bnfit and surviva of a t os
wit in potntiay vunrab dvoping nvironmnts. a  UNISDR initiatd from 2006 -07 t  two
yar campaign ³Disastr risk rduction bgins at sc oo´, from w ic t  µa matic Patform for
Knowdg and Education¶ was formd, now c aird by UNESCO stabis ing ongoing muti ag ncy
coaboration for DRRE and rsiint nvironmnts for ducation and capacity buid. Assisting t is
coaboration COGSS a  Coaition for Goba Sc oo Safty was stabis d to nsur incusion of
individuas wit in t  forum of Agncis and Community initiativs for DRR and as now pandd to
incud DPE Disastr Prvntion Education, COGSS DPE, an ssntia combination for ESD.
A sris of piot projcts av bn commncd wit in many countris, but as an amp I rfr to
t  UNCRD SESI projct initiatd wit in t  four piot countris of Fiji, Indonsia, India and
Uzbkistan as rprsntativs of t  four rgions wit in t  ASIA Pacific rgion. a  ³Sc oo
Eart uak Safty Initiativ´ stands to b a mod for not ony Sismic mitigation but for a DRR wit
a format t at n ancs ESD. a  outcom documnt is avaiab on in .
ttpwww. yogo.uncrd.or.jpsc oo20projctsc ooind. tm
So, w at woud w ik to s as an outcom of t is approac ;
1. A raisation t at DRRE and buiding a rsiint infrastructur to mutip azards wit in
arning stabis mnts is an ssntia componnt of ESD, if w ar to nsur a continuity of
ducation and t at sustainabiity is not to b fragmntd by i prpardnss and continud
vunrabiity of t  poor to mutip azards.
2. A raisation t at DRRE is an invstmnt at a vs of ducation, from primary sc oo to
µcapacity buid training stabis mnts¶, ruiring ongoing assssmnts of t  infrastructur,
prioritisation of rtrofits not just of sc oos but uay t  domstic ousing.
3. A raisation t at t is is not a comptition btwn agncis, concpts of idas or btwn
DRR and ESD; it s oud b a coaboration of fforts btwn vryon. Aftr a, w ar a
striving to buid a Sustainab and importanty, a Rsiint word in w ic w a can iv wit
ua opportunitis of surviva, w t r ric or poor.

I now rvrt back to addrssing t  concpt of using, n ancing and dvoping Loca Knowdg.
a is on ky aspct of a DR stratgy is ssntia if w ar to tack t  c a ngs and dvop
rsiinc wit in vunrab poor communitis and t us optimizing disastr risk managmnt
promoting povrty rduction.

Sinc voution indignous knowdg as bn t  mans of community sustainabiity and surviva.
It as providd t  community wit ownrs ip, rsponsibiity and sf dstiny. Indignous knowdg
is gaind t roug princ; b it cutura dvopmnt, conomic growt , crisis or disastr. It can
b dvopd t roug s aring wit ot r communitis and cuturs. How vr, it can b ost if it is not
mbracd btwn gnrations via ducation, storyting and counsing, incorporating Parnts and
Grandparnts as tac rs wit in t  forma and non forma ducation. During rcnt cnturis
Indignous knowdg as diminis d and in som cass totay dissovd for a varity of rasons
incuding; t  introduction of modrn construction matrias and intrnationa buid tc nius;
popuations bcoming mor transint wit t  yout sking improvd ifstys and bttr ducation
away from t ir communitis; pus t  gnra conomic migration from t  countrysid to t  towns
and citis. Consunty wit in vunrab communitis and indd modrn communiti s, wit out
indignous knowdg, communitis os rsponsibiity for proactiv stratgis during crisis or in
contingncy panning for mutip known azards, crating an ovr rianc upon cntraisd
govrnanc for t ir sustainabiity and surviva. Mayb  it is tim t at indignous knowdg is onc
again ncouragd to b dvopd and dissminatd wit in communitis, t roug out t  word,
incuding dvopd and conomicay dvoping rgions, tac ing pop t  nd to bcom
awar of t ir nvironmn ts and consuncs of actions, arning t  µary warning¶ signs of
growing vunrabiity, undrstanding risk and prparing t ir communitis for crisis and potntia
disastr, taking on rsponsibiity and ownrs ip for t ir own dstiny , bcoming ss riant upon
pury cntraisd systms in dvoping community mrgncy prpardnss and prsona
rspons stratgis.
Howvr.....
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In ordr to undrstand t  importanc of t is approac i furt r uot from an intrnationa sourc,


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³Divrs communitis in azard pron aras around t  word av traditionay arnt to cop wit
and rduc t  risks of natura disastrs t roug t  indignous knowdg t y av in ritd from
t  tim tstd princs of gnrations. Conttuaizd wit in t  oca go €cimatic conditions,
natura rsourcs and socia and cutura practics, indignous knowdg as bn an intgra
componnt of uman and socia capita of t  communitis, w ic is oftn not rcognizd . On t 
contrary, it is undr continuous t rats of bcoming tinct by t  onsaug t of t  so €cad modrn
and uick fi soutions. It is t rfor important to documnt, arn, rviv and rpicat w rvr
possib suc knowdg and practics and fu rt r synrgiz t is wit modrn scintific knowdg,
spciay in t  contt of promoting community basd disastr risk managmnt (CBDRM) and
Cimat C ang Adaptation (CCA) stratgis. ´


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a  potntia is t r, owvr wit t  intrnationa UN and Civi Socity aving spnt fiv yars
sinc t  incption of t  Hyogo Framwork for Action, dvoping institutions, aws, and poicis in
support of t  HFA at t  nationa v, now is t  t im to pus a ad in a massiv and goba way
from t  ot r nd srious support as to b givn to putting t  known toos and mt ods to work at
oca v so t at oca knowdg and outsid spciaist knowdg com togt r i n ways t at bring
safty to a vs of socity incuding t  vunrab poor.

I support t is papr wit t is ast statmnt takn from µ a  Indignous Knowdg Poicy Not ¶
discussd at t  Intrnationa Works op in Kyoto in Juy 2008 [9]
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In summary, I op t at t is papr dmonstrats t at it is not sufficint to impos knowdg upon
communitis t roug t  tt books ony; w nd to transfr knowdg ownrs ip of t  soution
t roug a broadr rsiint cutur dvopmnt, spciay wit in t  most vunrab and poorr
communitis. W must offr t m som dgr of undrstanding t at t roug t ir own informd
initiativ t y can caim back som contro of t ir dstiny crating a safr rsiint futur for t ir
c idrn, famiy and community w ic incuds t ir surrounding p ysica nvironmnt.
a is papr as rviwd som of t  ingrdints ncssary for suc an approac ; Assssmnts;
Prcption; Education; Advocacy; Capacity; Custring; and Empowrmnt. It is undrstood t at
wit in som Nations mpowrmnt of t  communitis mayb a c ang; owvr wit out
mpowrmnt w can not rbuid oca indignous knowdg w ic is t  vita organ of
sustainabiity. And wit out sustainabiity , Nations can not dvop rsiinc wit in t  most
vunrab and poor Communitis. Consunty wit out rsiinc , Govrnmnts, aong wit t 
Intrnationa D onors, ar consunty forcd to tak on t  rsponsibiity to commit normous
rsourcs to rpatdy rbuiding w o communitis aftr vry Disastr, sntncing many to
unncssary dat and suffring and utimaty committing t  poor to bcom poorr.
a rfor w must a rais t at wit in our fast panding matriaistic word , µt at option¶ is not ony
unsustainab but uay unaccptab , pus importanty, it wi nvr sov t  c ang s of t is
forum in addrssing Disastr Risk Managmnt and t  muc soug t aftr Povrty Rduction 


.   

( &%B B 

Sminar on Disastr Risk Managmnt & Povrty Rduction
for Asian Countris 


Bibiograp y  Rfrncs

[1] Nws Ras 25 August 2010 ADB, Japan Etnd $3 Miion to Support Eart uak Rsiint Sc oos in
B utan Asian Dvopmnt Bank

[2] Impmntation Pan of t  Sminar on Disastr Risk Managmnt & Povrty Rduction
for Asian Countris C ngdu C ina Spt 2010

[3] 1st Dujiangyan Intrnationa Forum for Education for Sustainab Dvopmnt d in Juy 2010

[4] aWB Eart uak Emrgncy Education Works op - Dujiangyan, C ina

[5] Isandrs survivd tsunami t anks to drs SIMEULUE ISLAND, Indonsia (AP)

[6] Concpt Not Prpard by t  Grman Committ for Disastr Rduction (DKKV) and t  UN ISDR
a matic Patform on Knowdg and Education (aPK&E) Word Confrnc on Education for Sustainab
Dvopmnt (WCESD) 31 Marc ± 2 Apri 2009, Bonn

[7] Dr. Bn Wisnr Loca Knowdg and Disastr Risk Rduction Kynot Sid Mting on Indignous
Knowdg Goba Patform for Disastr Rduction Gnva, 17 Jun 2009
nd
[8] SE21 Indignous Knowdg for Disastr Risk Rduction Goba Patform 2 Sssion Gnva Jun 2009
ttpwww.prvntionwb.ntgobapatform2009programmspcia-vntsv.p p?id=61

[9] µa  Indignous Knowdg Poicy Not¶ Intrnationa Works op in Kyoto in Juy 2008














  
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 |        

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aopic 1. Resilient Restoration and Reconstruction and disadvantaged groups development

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Resilient Restoration and Reconstruction through Education for Sustainable Development


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Nws Ras



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MANILA, PHILIPPINES - a  Asian Dvopmnt Bank (ADB) and Japan ar tnding a $3 miion
grant to B utan to rbuid damagd sc oos using art uak -rsiint matrias and dsigns w ic
coud potntiay b rpicatd around t  country. 
a  grant from t  Japan Fund for Povrty Rduction for t  Upgrading Sc oos and Intgratd
Disastr Education Projct wi b usd to rconstruct four primary sc oos w ic wr svry
damagd in a dvastating art uak t at struck t  co untry in Sptmbr 2009. Funds wi aso b
usd to train district nginrs in art uak -rsiint buiding dsign and construction uaity
managmnt, and to tac disastr risk managmnt skis to community mmbrs.
³By introducing a sismic rsistan t structura dsign into t  Ministry of Education¶s standard sc oo
dsign, t  projct wi nab t  Govrnmnt to asiy rpicat it w n buiding ot r sc oos,´ said
Makiko Watanab, Rura Dvopmnt Spciaist in ADB¶s Sout Asia Dpartmnt
B utan is in on of t  most sismicay activ zons in t  word and t  2009 art uak was t 
most damaging natura disastr t  country as princd in rcnt tims, wit 12 pop kid
and t ousands ft wit out propr s tr. Among t  worst i t aras wr t  districts of Mongar and
aras igang, two of t  most rmot and impovris d aras in t  country. a  Govrnmnt of
B utan and dvopmnt partnrs providd swift assistanc in t  immdiat aftrmat of t 
caamity but wit out ongr tr m support, incuding t  rbuiding of damagd sc oos and ot r
pubic faciitis, t r ar concrns t at arady poor communitis wi b pungd vn dpr into
povrty.
a  projct is taking a µbuid back bttr¶ approac w ic wi s t  four tar gt sc oos rstord
using art uak -rsiint matrias and dsign. W r possib, oca matrias wi b sourcd w i
privat contractors doing t  construction work wi b ncouragd to ir mmbrs of t  affctd
communitis, incuding womn. Par ticipating community mmbrs wi aso b taug t art uak
rsiint construction tc nius t at coud potntiay b appid to communa buidings or t ir own
oms. Disastr risk managmnt skis wi b taug t to district govrnmnt officias and t ac rs
and sc oo administrators, w o wi in turn provid community training aimd at incrasing awarnss
and nsuring ffctiv rsponss to caamitis.
³By providing disastr risk managmnt training, communitis wi b prpard to proactivy cop
wit futur disastrs,´ Ms. Watanab said.
a  projct is pctd to bnfit about 880 studnts and tac rs at t  affctd sc oos and
around 9,000 rsidnts of nig boring communitis.
Aong wit t  ADB -administrd grant, t  Govrnmnt of B utan wi mak an in-kind contribution
of amost $824,000 wit targt communitis providing $14,400 in -kind, for an ovra invstmnt cost
of amost $3.84 miion. a  Ministry of Education is t  cuting agncy for t  projct w ic is
pctd to b comptd by August 2013. ttpbit.y8ZfFHw
&
[rf1st Dujiangyan Intrnationa Forum Education for Sustainab Dvopmnt]
Dujiangyan C ngdu C ina May 29, 2010
  
2 
W, t  participants and organizrs of t  first Dujiangyan Intrnationa Forum on
Post-Disastr Rconstruction in Education for Sustainab Dvopmnt, gat rd in
Dujiangyan City, C ngdu City, Pop¶s Rpubic of C ina on May 28 and 29, 2010
contributd to strngt n int rnationa coaboration on disastr prpardnss, risk
rduction and umanitarian rspons. W rcogniz t  important and t  ad ro of
t  govrnmnts to prpar and mpowr communitis to da wit disastrs and p
buid sustainab socitis.
a  FORUM providd an cnt opportunity to s ar vaus, practica ssons,
good practics and contributd to dvop a bttr undrstanding to optimiz t 
impact of our work on t  affctd pop and vunrab communitis. a  FORUM
rcognizs t  importanc of various factors t at ampify vunrabiitis, suffring and
misry during post disastr situations. W ritrat our commitmnt to pac t  most
vunrab incuding c idrn as a priority and ducation and sustainab dvopmnt
as a mans to ac iv asting soutions.
W tnd our sincr gratitud to organisrs of t  FORUM, t  C ins Nationa
Commission for UNESCO, C ngdu Municipa Govrnmnt ,INRULED, UNESCO,
C ngdu Municipa Burau of Education, Dujiangyan Govrnmnt, Bijing Norma
Univrsity and Sout wst Univrsity of Financ and Economics for t ir outstanding
fforts and contribution to t  succss of t is Forum. W aso tnd our apprciation
to a participants, intrnationa and domstic, for t ir activ participatio n, and
many-fod contributions.
å  & 

It is ncssary to av a oistic and intr -sctora mutip- stak odrs approac
to disastrs. Prpardnss, mitigation and disastr risk rduction ar intgra aspcts of
t is. Intr-sctora coordination and intr -govrnmnta coopration ar ncssary to
mak t is appn.
2) Govrnmnts pay crucia ros in stak odrs¶ coordination and rsourcs
mobiization w i oca community participation and intrnationa organizations¶
support ar aso ssntia.
3) Immdiat if -saving umanitarian assistanc is ky. Spd, appropriatnss and
activ ownrs ip of t  community ar crucia to mak t is a raity.
4) Rcovry nds to b intgra to ovra dvopmnt poicy and pans.
5) It is ncssary to s ar good practic and princ t at t  word is gaining,
spciay in dvoping countris, w ic ar t  prdominant fas points of disastrs
29
and conficts. Ntworking btwn govrnmnts, civi socity actors, UN agncis,
profssiona bodis and ot r intrstd partis wi srv as a catayst.
6) Education and a aspcts of capacity buiding (incuding rsarc , documntation,
knowdg managmnt and dissmination) ar significant buiding bocks in
prparing communiti s to fac t  onsaug t of futur disastrs and conficts. Synrgy
btwn dvoping countris (wit t ir immns practica princs) and t 
dvopd word and intrnationa community (wit t ir vauab knowdg
rsourc) can strngt n t is proc ss. Intgration btwn traditiona knowdg and
appropriat dvopmnt and appication of modrn tc noogy is crucia.
2=0   & 
a  FORUM participants commit to tak t  ky undrstanding forward and
undrtak t  foowing actions .
1) Dvop mc anism for documntation, rsarc , dissmination and s ar
arning and good practics from Dujiangyan and princs sw r.
2) Organiz coaborativ c ang programms to s ar princs from
communitis and dvop a bttr und rstanding of pop -cntrd approac s. a is
srvs as a catayst to ducat and mpowr communitis and t us ncourag t m to
tak up disastr issus in oca panning and dvopmnt.
3) Encourag t  dvopmnt of community -cntric disastr rspons contingncy
pans.
4) W aso appa t  govrnmnts, spciay t  govrnmnt of Pop¶s Rpubic
of C ina, C ngdu Municipa Govrnmnt and UNESCO to sustain t  grat
bginning t at is bing mad r and continu to contribut to impmnt t 
foowing abov.


In Apri 2009, aac rs wit out Bordrs, t  Dujiangyan Burau of Education and t  aac r
araining Sc oo in Dujiangyan, C ina, conductd a 10 -day art uak mrgncy ducation
works op for ovr 200 tac rs and sc oo administrators in Dujiangyan, a city aviy damagd by
t  2008 Sic uan Eart uak.

a  works op ky componnts incudd pr - and post-assssmnt sssions, art uak scinc,
art uak azards, and mitigation stratgis. a  works op participants usd scintific data to arn
about w at appns at or nar tctonic pat boundaris; usd simp itms suc as siy putty and
rubbr bands to arn w y and ow rocks dform at or nar pat boundaris; buit and opratd a
simp mod to arn about stick -sip motion aong fauts; and pord sismic wavs using sinky
toys and rops. Participants arnd about iufaction, art uak -inducd andsids, structura and
non-structura azards by dsigning and conducting primnts, data coction and data anaysis.
a y discussd svra mitigation stratgis and tstd t ir ffctivnss wit t ir mods.
Furt rmor, t  participants dvopd, practicd, and improvd t ir art uak mrgncy
rspons pan, and discussd ow t y coud incorporat w at t y arnd into t ir isting
sc oo¶s curricua.

a  works op ssons can b viwd and downoadd in Engis and C ins


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² a  ground s ook so ard, pop coudn't stand up w n
t  massiv art uak rattd t is rmot Indonsian isand ² t  cosst in abitd and to t 
picntr of t  dvastating tmbor.
But unik undrds of t ousands of ot rs w o t oug t t  worst was ovr w n t  s uddring
stoppd, t  isandrs rmmbrd t ir grandparnts' warnings and fd to ig r ground in far of
giant wavs known oca y as "smong."
Wit in 30 minuts, Simuu bcam t  first coastin in t  word to princ t  awsom forc
of t  Dc. 26 tsunami. But ony svn of t  isand's 75,000 pop did ² savd by t  storis
passd down ovr t  gnrations.
"Aftr t  art uak, I ookd for t  watr to suck out," said Kiro, 50, w o ik many Indonsians
uss on nam. "I rmmbr t  story of t  'smong' and I ran to t  i."
Simuu's nort rn coast is about 40 mis from t  spot w r t  magnitud 9.0 a rt uak
s iftd t  ocan foor aong a faut in wst of Sumatra Isand wit noug forc to snd wavs
racing across t  Indian Ocan.
Wavs as ig as 33 ft smackd as or r, but most pop ad fd bcaus of t  storis
about t  "smong" t a t kid t ousands in 1907.
"Evryon ran to t  is," said Randa Wikinson of t  aid agncy Sav t  C idrn. "a y took
bicycs and motorbiks and w barrows and pid t  kids in w atvr t y coud gt t m in."
Su ardin, 33, said t at w n t  uak struck  didn't t ink about is grandmot r's storis about
t  1907 disastr bcaus not ing appnd w n anot r big tmbor s ook t  isand t r yars
ago. It was ony w n a man from anot r viag ran past s outing "Smong! Smong!" t at
Su ardin and ot rs from Laayon viag fd.
"W wr just t inking t at God was doing t is,"  said. "a is is bcaus God is angry."
a  powr of t  wavs is visib a aong Simuu's pictursu coast Hug cracks and gas s
scar t  rmains of t ick concrt was t at onc supportd viag mosus, bridgs i crumbd in
strams running to t  ocan and dp fissurs spit roadways.
a  isand's nort rn s or took a dirct it from t  wavs, w ic ft itt standing. Aong t 
wstrn s or, t  tsunami spard som viags and dstroyd ot rs, aving a pat of snappd
pam trs, fattnd ouss and powr pos danging ovr roads.
a  art uak tippd t  isand up 4 ft on on sid, posing ruggd bocks of cora rf aong
parts of t  nort rn coast, said aaufik, an Indonsian officia w o survyd t  isand for t 
govrnmnt's mtoroogica and gop ysica agncy. Pam trs t at onc s add w it -sand
bac s ar now partiay submrgd on t  sout rn nd of t  isand, w ic sank 12 inc s.
"You can't imagin t is and ony svn pop did,"  said. "It's amazing."
H agrd t  isand's ora istory savd countss ivs, but notd its us is ar cos to t  coast,
aowing pop to gt to safty. In many ot r pacs wit broadr coasta pains, pop ad fw
pacs to run.
But tsunamis ar rar in t  Indi an Ocan and many pop in t  dozn countris it by t  wavs
did not know about t ir potntia to swaow tns of t ousands of ivs in sconds. W n t 
inrus ing wavs suckd s aow coasta watrs out to sa, many pop stood on bac s watc ing
or cocting fis fopping on t  sand instad of fing.
On Simuu's wstrn coast, survivors stood pssy on isids ooking down on t  wa of
watr swping ntir viags out to sa.
"W watc d w at w ad ² vryt ing ² was gon," said Sukirno, 50. "W stayd in t  is for
on wk bcaus w wr scard."
Som ar so traumatizd t y av gat rd panks of wood and buit s antis aong a road ig on
a i ovrooking w at is ft of t ir sasid viag. As aftrs ocks continu ² som rgistring
magnitud 6.0 ² t y say t y ar in no urry to rturn to t  owands.
But many pop av bgun rbuiding aong t  s or, starting wit crud woodn s acks on w at
is ft of concrt foundations.
a y say t y wi pass t  story of t  smong down to futur gnrations, vn if anot r disastr
nvr appns.
"I don't want to s a ot of pop di," said Siti Marwani, 25, baancing a c id on r ip. "I av to
tak about it wit my grandc id rn."
ttpwww.5min.comVidoHow -t -Simuu-Isand-Survivd-a-asunami-416308690


&!
Indonsia Custr ing of Sc oos for food mitigation
S
ttpwww.t jakartapost.comnws20090808ngos -prpar-studnts-fac
-foods. tm
NGOs prpar studnts to fac foods
Prodita Sabarini , a  Jakarta Post , Jakarta, Bandung | Sat, 08082009
142 PM | City
an-yar-od Myana Nurainni said s  was submrgd undr watr during t  massiv fooding
t at it Jakarta in 2007 and wit t  p of r parnts s  wadd r way t roug t  fowing watr
t at was ig r t an r.
a  cury- aird-gir was sitting on t  foor wit r frinds at r sc oo, SDN Manggarai 03, in East
Jakarta. a  gir, w o ivs by t  Ciiwung rivr fork, rmmbrd t  fooding t at appnd two
yars ago wit a grin.
"a  watr was so ig , my ad was undrnat it and bobbd up and down," s  said giving a itt
c uck.
My, as s  is popuary known, said at t at tim s  was scard but now s  was mor prpard if
anot r food appnd.
awo yars aftr t  dady food in Jakarta, My is now part of an vacuation tam at r sc oo.
Last yar, s  was among 30 studnts at r sc oo t at took part in a fiv -mont disastr- risk-
rduction training organizd by c idrn's NGO Pan Indonsi a and a  Indonsian Disastr
Prvntion Foundation (YaBI).
"I know w r t  saf aras to go w n t r's fooding. Its at SMP 3 *Junior Hig Sc oo* and t 
Manggarai arain station."
Pan Indonsia as d simiar programs, coaborating wit YaBI an d Cntr for Indonsian
Environmnt Information (PILI) , an nvironmnta organization, as w as fiv mntary sc oos in
Jakarta and Bogor.
Studnts from t  si sc oos ar now connctd in a communication ntwork, w r studnts from
Bogor w os sc oos ar at Ciiwung's upstram can warn studnts in Jakarta of possib fooding.
Pan Indonsia Disastr Risk Rduction Managr Vanda Lngkong said t y wantd to s ow t at
c idrn coud b part of adaptation fforts in facing cimat c ang.
"W want to prov and s ow to t  gnra pubic and to t  govrnmnt t at c idrn w o ar
usuay cassifid as a vunrab group w o ar viwd as victims or objcts can actuay do
somt ing significant and
vn av a grat ro," s  said.
My said during t  training, s  arnd about cimat c ang, first aid, and ow to idntify t  risks
of disastr around r sc oo. Wit
r frinds, s  participatd in a simuation of safty prcautions during a disastr.
Hr cousin, Dwi Ratmono, 11, s aid  was part of t  communications tam. H said is task was to
inform t  sc oo principa if a possib food was coming. H said t at if  saw t at t  watr in t 
Ciiwung Rivr nar t ir sc oo ad risn abov norma or if  rcivd information from studnts
from ot r sc oo about rain in t ir ara  woud inform t  principa.
a  probm now owvr was to tnd t  knowdg and skis t at My and Dwi av gaind to
t  youngr studnts in sc oo as som studnts t at ad rcivd training ad arady graduatd
and ntrd scondary sc oo.
My said of t  t r mmbrs of t  vacuation tam, on ad graduatd.
SDN Manggarai 3 principa Maryati said t  sc oo ops t  training for c idrn wi continu,
owvr, s  said s  a s yt to discuss on ow it woud b don.
aac r Ric Nurra ma said t  tac rs ndd training as w.
"W askd t  pop from YaBI, *W y is it ony t  kids w o gts training?' and askd t m to train
us as w so t at w can b prpard w n c idrn ask us ustion about food and cimat
c ang," s  said.
Vanda said Pan was now focusing on incrasing tac r's capacity by invoving t  Sc oo
Committ, an organization in ac sc oo t at incuds tac rs, parnts, and govrnmnt officia s,
in t  program.
"W provid t m wit manua books t at ar important to kp t  program continuous."
aac r Rita Vandawari, w o as srvd in t  sc oo sinc 1994 said t at t  training was vry
important for t  c idrn. Many c idrn ivd nar t  rivr. S  notd t at aong t  yars, fooding
in Jakarta as bn wors vry yar.
"Usuay, t  watr ony rac d t  ank of an adut's foot, but in 2007, t  food rac d mor t an
a mtr."
Scintists said on of t  ffcts of goba warm ing was incrasd storms and foods. In a rport
issud in Novmbr, 1999 t  Britain's Mtoroogica Offic warnd fooding in Asia and Sout ast
Asia woud incras mor t an ninfod ovr t  coming dcads.
a  impact of cimat c ang, compoundd wi t rsuts of poor urban managmnt maks Jakarta
mor pron to foods.
My said now vry tim t  rain fas, s  worrid about foods. S  aso worrid about goba
warming.
"I know t at t  ic in t  Nort Po wi mt and t  word wi sink. a at scars m."
My and Dwi said anytim t y try to t aduts about t  situation, t y wr sincd.
"a y woud say, *S ut up, w at do kids know?'" My said.
Som t ings t y do know ar t at cutting down trs, ittring, and sttmnts by t  rivrbanks can
incras t  risk of fooding. a y istd t os as causs of fooding.
Just nt to t ir sc oo, sum ouss mad of bamboo stits and scrap pywood and mta stood by
t  Ciiwung Rivr Crook. Pis of pastic garbag foat abov t  wat r.
Ric said t at pop iving in t  stit ouss wr yt to b ducatd about sanitation and t 
nvironmnt.
"W can s t m t row garbag and t y don't sm to b as amd of it."
Vanda said t at was w y c idrn wr important to t  program. a  c idrn ar taug t about
rus-rduc-rcyc garbag t roug t  program and to pant trs in t  sc oos gardn, in t 
op t at t y woud s ar t  knowdg wit t ir famiis.
"a y can b agnts of c ang," Vanda said. --

&%
#    & 

>  is ow to pand wit in t  piot sc m, sti using t  cntray c osn sc oo as t 
piot but from w ic a coordinatd group of sc oos ar invovd wit and arn from. Custring can
occasionay b sn as naturay occurring wit in t  fid. During rcnt foods in Indonsia wit in
t  Jakarta rgion, sc oos and sc oo c idrn communicatd btwn sc oos wit in a fooding
zon, w ic t  c idrn at t  ig r nd of t  food zon monitoring rising watrs and r ainfas so
w n t  watrs rac d a crtain v a warning was snt to t  sc oos in t  owr food zon
most iky to b affctd. Manw i a of t  sc oos wit in t  communication custr ngagd a
common DR stratgy of prpardnss incuding, communication wit in t  community, dris for
vacuation and infrastructur prpardnss Consunty t is cas study idntifis t at t  concpt
rmains fasib for t  foowing rasons.

   . Individua sc oos wit in rmot country rgio ns or towns and city districts can, by
custring on a day to day basis in sma groups of t r to fiv, s ar rsourcs b it wit
administration, prsonn, matrias purc as or tc nica prtis and skid workforc or simpy
communication. On t i s wi improv µpurc asing powr¶ and by s aring cntra µrsourc¶ contro, b
it wit prsonn or matrias wi avoid wastag and nab continud constant covrag wit in
managmnt or suppy or communication.

  " Mor importanty for t  purpos of t is documnt if w addrss Disastr
Risk Rduction stratgis, t n custring aso coms to t  for nabing s aring of knowdg,
princ, dsign intgration, maintnanc sc duing and initiativ  projct administration.

#  ' a r is a nd to nsur t at at poicy impmntation v, capacity buid is
propry rsourcd and givn a fu agnda wit action pan to ncompass a aspcts of training t 
arainrs and tac ing t  aac r w ic nsur dissmination t rou g out t  profssiona
community. a is approac is far mor asiy ac ivd wit in t  custring of sc oos and
communitis, uickning t  procss of dissmination into t  widr rgion, crating sf support
btwn communitis princing simiar c a ngs and azard vunrabiitis.

#    a  custr offrs t  opportunity to crat a fur businss pan for dvoping piot
projcts nabing t  incorporation of a capacity buiding stratgy. Custring is cost ffctiv by
ruiring ony on st of craftsmn wit in t  custr, but dosn¶t ngct dissmination of skis into
t  community.

3   Projct managmnt bcoms mor fficint crating a projct tam from a of t 
sc oos wit in t  custr; as it is uniky t at on c ommunity around a sc oo wi av a t 
ncssary prtis, momntum or nt usiasm to covr a basis t oroug y.

2  . Custring aso aows at stratgic v t  opportunity for Govrnanc to pan
and prioritis wit in mutip azar d nvironmnts far mor uicky; custring aso aows for t  µpiot¶
procss to dvop systmaticay from t  initia µtst cas¶ to a wit in t  custr and wi ncourag
t  dvopmnt of ownrs ip.

3" . Aso custring as idntifid wit in t  fid amp, can ncourag communitis to
incorporat a proactiv stratgy of ary warnings, coordinatd DR prpardnss and community
ownrs ip and awarnss wit in mutip azard nvironmnts.
   from crisis t r wi b an i mmdiat affiiation wit in t  custrd communitis to
s ar rsourcs, rcovry support and communicat wit and assist t os most in nd.

(aut or d a Pomrai)