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The Rights of Migrant Workers

Position Paper:
Topic: The Rights of Migrant Workers
Sponsor: Sana Yousuf
Co-Sponsor: Aliama
Good Afternoon fellow delegates I am honored to be here
with you today to delve into the important issue of the
problems faced by migrant workers with the hopes of finding
a balanced and workable solution to the problem.
Migrant Workers have been faced by a lot of problems and
have been treated maliciously by their employees and they
have been taken advantage of by their employers. Most
workers are from under developed or developing countries
with the highest rate of unemployment like India, Pakistan
and Bangladesh. Most workers in these countries are
uneducated and have migrated to other countries in the
hopes of being able to support their families.
They are faced with discrimination and exploitation, poverty,
a sense of anonymity and alienation. They have limited
access to social, limited education and health services. Many
workers are also affected by HIV aids. The relationship
between the HIV aids and migration was recognized by the
United Nations during the General Assembly Special Session
on HIV aids in June 2001. Different levels on HIV vulnerability
are involved in voluntary actions. Examples for voluntary
migration include migrations working in positions such as
that of seafarers, truck drivers, agriculture workers and
employees of large industries.
In the past few years, issues related to the political rights of
the international migrants in general, have begun to acquire
relevance on the academic agenda as well as the
international political agenda.
The most general and visible expression of migrant workers
political rights is the demand of the guarantee of their voting
rights. Due to this the migrant workers can maintain their
sense of belonging and they can also define the terms of
their relationship with the country they feel is their own.
Resolution Paper:
1) Deeply concerned with the dangerous conditions that
are faced by migrant workers for example human rights
abuses, discrimination, low paying and low status jobs
and ignored labour;
2) Urge the APPF Member Countries to provide sufficient
access to the legal and judicial system as well as
resources and remedies to the migrants who are
victims of human rights abuses, discrimination, low
paying and low status jobs and ignored labour;
3) Further urges the APPF Member Countries to enforce
domestic laws which are equally relevant to migrant
workers and citizens who abuse the laws;
4) Request the sending countries to provide migrant
workers with the sufficient skills and knowledge in order
to be able to accomplish their tasks and understand
existing laws and culture in the receiving countries;
5) Recalls the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10
December 1948 and other appropriate international
instruments related to the promotion and protection of
human rights;
6) Acknowledging the involvement of migrant workers to
the economy of receiving and sending states and their
share to the development and success of the country;
7) Recalling the establishment a broad legal framework
for migrant protection by the International Convention
on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers
and Members of their Families and the International
Labour Organisation (ILO) Conventions 97, 143 and
151;
8) Further request the APPF Member Parliaments to
conduct research and comparative surveys of national
regulations, legislations and measures in their
respective countries and to share their best practices in
the protection of migrant workers in the next annual
meeting of APPF;
9) Further request the APPF Member Parliaments to
organise research and reasonable surveys of national
regulations, legislations and measures in their
respective countries and to share their best practices in
the protection of workers in the yearly meeting to APPF;
1) Recalls the Peace Accords signed in 1996 call for
accountability for human rights abuses committed
during the war; protection of ethnic and women’s rights;
and the reform of the health, education and social
services;
2) Recalls and appreciate the efforts being made by the
EU to devise a global immigration policy that is fair and
rights-based;
3) Encourages the formation of trade unions and
encourages workers to be parts of trade unions,
especially uneducated migrant workers should be parts
of a trade union;
4) Regrets the even though during the past decade, there
has been a growing awareness of the traditional
hardships faced by migrants. Unfortunately, effective
protection of the most basic human rights of migrants is
still not available;
5) Confirms the principles and standards set forth in the
American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
and in the American Convention on Human Rights apply
to all persons, including migrant workers and their
families;
6) Urges the member states to take the necessary
measures to guarantee the human rights of migrant
workers as envisaged in the above-mentioned
instruments.