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TE1 S NT2 T NT1 U

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TE2 TA US
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EU

Mask CIDR Net Host Rng Ports Protocol 80: HTTP


TCP
443: HTTPS
252 /30 6 2 4 21 FTP
248 /29 5 3 8 22 SSH
23 Telnet TCP
240 /28 4 4 16
224 /27 3 5 32 25 SMTP Both!
53 DNS
192 /26 2 6 64
69 TFTP
128 /25 1 7 128 110 POP3 UDP
0 /24 0 8 0 119 NNTP
161 SNMP

Protocol Type Admin Dist Metrics Notes


EIGRP Hybrid 90 Multiple Classless, VLSM, DUAL, RTP, PDMs (1x
table set per prot), multiple AS#s, mult L3
32-bit composite prots, summarization
IGRP Dist- 100 Bandwidth, Cisco prop, 255 max-hop-ct (100 default),
AS#, updates @90 sec, invalid @270 sec,
Vector Delay hold-down 280 secs, flush 630 secs,
classless, VLSM
OSPF Link- 110 Bandwidth Dijkstra alg, classless (VLSM), wildcard
mask
state
RIPv1 Dist- 120 Hop count classful, 30 sec updates,180 sec route
invalid,240 sec route flush, max. 15 hops
Vector (Bellman-Ford alg), round-robin load
balancing (max. 6 links)

OSI Layer PDU Internet Layer Internet layer Protocols


7 Application Data 4 Application SNMP, Telnet, FTP, TFTP
6 Presentation Data
5 Session Data
4 Transport Segment 3 Transport TCP, UDP
3 Network Packet 2 Internetwork IP, OSPF, RIP, ICMP
2 Data Link Frame 1 Network lower-layer protocol
1 Physical Bits Interface standards

IP Classes Private IPs


A 1 – 126 10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255
B 128 – 191 172.16.0.0 – 172.31.255.255
C 192 – 223 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255
Dialer map steps: STP States
1. dialer Blocking Preventing use of looped paths
2. map Listening Prep to forward w/o populating MAC table
3. <protocol> Learning Populate MAC table, not forwarding
4. <next-hop-address> Forwardin Sending/rcving data frames
5. dial-string g
DDR dialing sequence: DDR Configuration BRI (min config, switch-type and spid)
1. route determination
2. ID interesting traffic RT#isdn switch-type basic-ni1
3. Dialer info lookup
4. Traffic txn Defining Interesting Traffic
5. Call terminated/timed out
RT1#access-list 101 permit tcp any host 172.16.3.1 eq 80
Standard ACL: !
Cisco(config)#access-list <1-99> <deny|permit> <source IP> <WC mask> RT1#dialer-list 1 protocol ip permit
Cisco(config)#access-list <1-99> permit any !
RT#dialer-list 2 protocol ip list 101
Extended ACL:
Cisco(config)#access-list <100-199> <deny|permit> <protocol> <source IP> RT#int bri 0
<WC mask> <dest IP> <WC mask> eq <port> RT#(conf-if)encap ppp
Cisco(config)#access-list <100-199> permit any any RT#(conf-if)ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0
RT#(conf-if)isdn spid1 555555522222202 (if required)
To apply ACL: !use this one if all IP is considered interesting
Cisco(config-if)#ip access-group <#> <in|out> RT#(conf-if)dialer-group 1
!or use next statement to trigger web to
Applying IP address to 2950 switch: RT#(conf-if)dialer-group 2
(config)#interface vlan1 NOTE: only one dialer group per interface!!
ip address <ip address> <mask>
no shut Dailing:
RT#(conf-if)dialer string 17067924567
Configure a new switch !or if using broadcast names/ip map
RT#(conf-if)dialer map ip 172.16.2.2 broadcast name LA 17212345555
SW2#Vlan database
SW2#vtp domain fred DDR Configuration PRI
SW2#exit Must configure: switch-type, DSO channels, encoding & framing,

set-up Client Trunking Configure a Default Route


ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.1.1.6
SW2(conf)#int fa0/11 ip route default-network 10.0.0.0 (used to reach another Class A,B, or C
SW2(conf-if)#switch mode dynamic auto network by default)
SW2(conf-if)#^Z
SW2# Frame-Relay
Static Mapping
Trouble Shooting no frame-relay inverse-arp
Domain name must be the same frame-relay map ip 199.1.1.2 570 broadcast
One switch must be server (switch mode dynamic desirable) frame-relay map ip 199.1.1.3 571 broadcast
The others must be clients (switch mode dynamic auto)
Dynamic
frame-relay interface-dlci 570 [lim type]
Simulation Tips
1. Id Problem/Understand Topology Point-to-Point (inverse ARP not needed)
2. Watch the time interface serial 0.3 point-to-point
3. Use organized Troubleshooting ip address 123.45.6.7 255.255.0.0
4. Things to look for: frame-relay interface-dlci 570
- Network Statements
- IP addressing/Mask
- VTY Passwords