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A

SAR"I_ I SEISIMICE

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REZUMAT DUIPA:

I

.pI

r

I TY

1Iii. .. ' .... F i"IJ

v = j

A - [na m rn e'2I1 valliJlui n S

"

- a

Sa::: ~ tga;

2

. h

.s~:~ _. tga 2 -

NlotaU~:



S,a; Sb;;;; inal,ime,a valului

J ;;;; coef cien~: dep inzan d de 9 riadul de

n,~ensi1aite seismlcs

p ;;; densitatea I'i ch i dului

9 ;;; a ccelera~i[e gra\fi~ati en al a

'Va~ o.al~ea lui .r

Grad se is micutate J
7 '1
~g
4'
81 1 .
-g
20 ' 1
'9 I
rnoQ p . 9 ~ 11 J)OO Ikgfm3 (penh spa)

IS - Pres,iu naa ~ ich j,dului IPS pere'Vi rezervoru lu i

. h

~ n eazul cA ho = ..:... :> 315; se' corn si de lI,a cal tct I ionid ul este, arHrlena;t 'i!n IiT1I r ~car,e, f I nd a

con sider,at ea un corp sol ld.

Nota,:i~:

r , _ h , I

ns= -. Zl-

{.l ,i~

.x~: m. K11j (,Rezultanta kif1e~o:r Ihidll"odirualmioe carle aqionea!Zi, asucra inlr1egulu r perle ~e)

v orr x X'R . . t ....., . \ .1'\D! ~ -, ';:b'~ - { . ezu tantape,.unjrtae'e '..iI,B'Ulnglme1

h Q

Zc '" h . k:l 51! poate lua CIJ suficiel1ta apro:dma1ie Zc ;: i h

m~ ;;; _ph ab, (mas a Ii chidu I ui care' ump I:e rezsrvoru II)

p(a!zll ~ JL j . k~

ttl

II I I
I ...... ' ....., I ...... - _!!"ii.
- 'i~ 'i"--
~ ~ I--" 10-' ~ F- I I I
I ~ I
~ - --
I vt ...... ' II
I .,.. _,.,. I I
/. ko"" I I I I I
I~ L I
,..._ ~ j- -
.I_ ,#, I
V ~ II
I "
, I
L~/ I I I I I I
I !
I·, I' II I
'{t'
, I I I I I I
I
- - .. . - o.~

• lc.n !f-"U

-

G:rafle Pren~rul oeefici,ent,ul k ~

0.6

o.!ti

-

Linli 81 plInotaUil d~ \t',alloa, ,ea kl ~ peril ru f€\ZSNO,!8 fie circulare'

Gra Ie pentru ooetcf:entul k;

(l,.,f. J I
OJ,
II-'S
I
0.'1 , 1

~

'.

:P'res i tJn~ Ie til idlf"od in arnica a le [[~chidulu~ ee radier

,Soh ema de cslcul al lli,ad ieru Iy il P entru reac,ilJni ~e d in perel~i'

o

Noh1tl~i:

- Nr

NI"Q.O}:; pl,rl9Siuneallpe rsoisr (rlepartizarea ~n ~unglflJl 0 dons'l,ei

,X e's~e 'foarte apr(Dp'laiA de eea ~mni,aJ,A~ fiind I~] in m'ijloc)

qm ':: lr'1e~:u;,h..!l flea da~:A do' pe'rlete as upr,a Irad~'eru~ ui

N,ClO) = p.jl.a~

,2 ml~· h- i(""\\·[I!t'Ii· W

.. qrm =: '~. b ' , ,

Gr,aficul alOe ICienlului I~

o..51~-"'""'"=-""""""=====~:=!!!!!_"""""'''''''''''''''''''''_'''''''

o.,~,,-

0.3 '

Sam-d ni I e repa jzate pe 100 ntu rul reze rvoru~u i b

J I

l

I ~

~

I

t 1

\ \ ,

- ' .......
",_lidl , f- l' ,I lr ' i , i
~~ 1 1 I
, ]f 1
L I
I

1- , I
I
-
-
..
-
,-
I -
I- i( _1 I
I
-

I j I n I I
- -
IJ j I 1 ~g-~,
I-~ , I' ,'I I ,
~ ~

\ \

~

i

I II~

J )

,I

b

2.

+

1 1 l.

1 II J I •

..

[II,., C,a-,e u , Ui II ~a sa rc i III i sdei's m h::,e; Ipe'n t -u r,eill NO sire c i'n::Jd a rle (ssre inii' d,lrto'lial"l! ~ te hil du lu'j)

.iz

I

Safe·nile hidr,odi amice ,8 -e 'fichrdului p e pere~ili, r,e"z9IVorului ~ii radi er

-:

V=j

'g', n = j 'C" - atco - eI, J

I ~ - = UI - ~ ,~w -= a ........

g g

Pentru no~a~ i ,~ va loare ,~r vezi rezervcsre dreptun gh~ Ilare'

8, Presiune.a Uchiidlll'uii pe pere11ii rezervofuliU ~

~ ~,h ~'5 "g'

11. 'n cazul ca no := - < ~'I ' $'e oonsl,dera

a

ea '~ot Ik~h i du ~ este antre·nal 'in mi§care'j fi il1ld cons i de'ral ca un COIrP solid

- ,~ .... II n..,· II

2'. In eazu I ca no ~ ,_ <lUi,",' Inr( uen\a

a

~ichidu~ lIi Proate f ne,gl ~jata

X;; m •. k~1 . j (rezultantal 'fof1le'lc~ hidrodinamice pe'ntru e ;:; 90°)

'~

~ = h , k2 .. S9 ,poa'te IllJa eu ,5U!f1ic~ (Ul1 til ,a,prc,l(j mai~i'9 ~ ,:: ; hi

m\ll ,; rr al2 9 (mas aJ Iii midu:rulil eare ump,lle lieyentonul)

Pm(l) ,::; al . Pi . jJ , kJ (p r,e.s,iune~1 hid~cd~namlicl ,8 I md",.idu'hiiJ asupra [p6r-e ~i 10/)

.
4, ~s,
III
4, ~'X
I
,t-a
I 'U
NI P ~I
,:'._." Sche mal ~oi1>e'lor cars' ,ac.tio n ealj, p e rezervor

I I ~ 1 I I I -I I I
-
, I I , I ~ ... - I
I ~~..-'"~-I -
I
-v- -
v I I
Y l
/'" I
,
, I - I
I I / I
/_' I I
I
1"'- I
J'
II I I
- 1.0

ho ·5,0

tlJ1

,
I I
I ~ V"" I
I . .", I
,
. V
I ~
~
I ,
I! V v I
'"'""
, /v
/ v I
,
/ I
,
1.15, to 2,0 ']10 ~o hQ

O.,ll

Gra: Ie coelcien~. .'

0,2 O.,~ 0.6

- ValorHe no necup.,ril1se' 1n graficul ~kJ~ se pet Ius pri'n Irfltefp~'),h3re'.

- l.inia pUr'lctatal S€!' r,~f'EH",a 18 un rezervor cireular, 'CUI un s~a~p., central

a~ind: no ~ 1,0; k:: 081

'-

(15

'l, ' lS

2.01

'2.5

X" :iii: ,:,m .·ks ~rezul~anl~a fol1e,hJJi Iflidrodinanl'1ce' care ,aeticfile\aZ~1 asupra :5'la~ pu lui,)'

Grafie., ooefid en t ks

c. ,p res~ u ne a pe rae !sr

N(al = ~al,p.j.~ sin e (presiunea l1idrodinarnidi maxim,al aSIUpr,iEll radjierului)'

N(r} ~' ~_(,a) ~ = y.j.1Ic4 sin a (presiune in Of joe ,(J

pun :-, ,a~ rad'- erului)

repai1 ~za rea sarein ilklf' S9 poate cons i dera nniar,a

, ,I'

v·j

..

ql:: tlml sanl8 I(,sarl'~~" I - rgJM, ,aSLi: \rQ radieru'lui dIlatorillt91 pere~ilor) q, ~'ql ,sin 8 (sarcina asu ra radierului datal de 5ta~',pl)1

,. I

Pre.sill.inea ~ictfduhui as~pr.a pere~lo- re~ef\foru!ui~, esb~! eu cca 7%, mai' marie. '~n eazu~ ci [rezeN'Oru~ SII"e un staJlp cenhl\, ~ata de' re~eAoIull farBI steIp. atunQ~ cand k :S' (]i,! 1 Aoeasta '1'tillseamnA ci se' poal,e~fllosi gmioull~, mlajc.-indl v,aJI,onll'e eu 1'~~,

in au:u~1 cal lk, > O. '1 1(;02 Jar i'nMllnitt in practicll,)1 se ,oa~lwle~azll va'lo i~e' lu'm 'II~~ conform fQlimule,lcui (Un manWlahJ :

111 ~ gros,im e· ra;d[;ef' _ 14J,;: COer. de' pat in kglOfl:~:

E t ::: moduh.1I (Ie ,emastici 'ate'

IJ [b . '[Ml '11 • [ML 0.1-] . Jr:'1L

Mr:: .~ .. t.Y _. 1 V1' 11' I +- d1 u, rilF-., i Si n u

Me ,,-~; { bl[\lllr·'~ ~~~ . (u; !rO} - u~{;·J )J+ dl(U1!r'I+~-~ tv~!r· 1- "" ~~ 'I ]~ .

• I

)( s'ing· .

Mr == moment racHall; ,.9:=: rnome~,t tangentIal1

S:are.in:il ,date de' stalp q = rqrrlJ!j sln 91 Pentru Ifl'.s [13'

M", =- ~2 ~lcv~Mlr·J.;. dk u~r·'] sing

o j [- 1 U

M.~ _- I.' b" )) V1 (r"l + ~' (lh'! rOli--

+dk(ilu1Irh1;} (,Alrol- \l1_~~OI)])J< sing:

..

P1 =' gr;emttate;a Irezervoruh..f ,gol (fmrclWlsiv' aoope~" ~Ul)l

Mo ~ . f ~'l da~, de san::i'nUe, seismiC'S ,8supr,BI rezervo31llllui Ig01,

I '"iif' ''iii;;f -- Ijj!I ~ p:), ...... ~ I~
I~' N 0' ~ It'l '~, ~I ,Cf;)
0 0, 0 0 0' 8 0 ,0
0' 0' 01 0 10, 0, 0 0
0; -~ O~ ci ~- 07 0'
Q 0.' 0, , 0
~, i'
r...., (";AI QlJI' w' m Ira' N ~ 110
m W 00' ("ij Il"-, W' 'v 1(1').
I ._ '!I!"'" y-' V"" 0 0, 0' C' '0
0 0 01 ~7 0 10' 0' 0 0
ci O~ 07 -l~, , .. Cr 07 '0
0. 0
I i I I I Iii
I ~,
M ,0 (i? m 'IF" .' W' !Ol
~ ,m OJ 00' ~ I~ m !1), v
-
0 'e 0 01 0 0 10' 0 101
,
OJ 10 0 a 0 0 0 01 OIl
-_ _'" d~ '0 ,e; I'O~ a~ ~"
'01 10. 0 0'
I
I~I ,m m '!I;,f" 'N Ii!£.) '!!:""" ~ N
,~ 'N en r.;;,. I~ 1(') N 'IF'" c
~I '"... ,0 0. a lib). c 0 0'
1,0 10 0 C 0. Ii:) 0 0 0.1
'9 ,rr;$ ,fer dr a 0 cf 0 ~,
I ,
itO iI"- I,~ ~ I~ 'm I~ I ~;
I~ 'V IN , I~ 'N I~i
I I~ ,
1(") m iLl! ~ I'W '~ 'fi"'i.,o- ,
fD ro ,0 ,m w '0 '!!:'"" 0
trf (;'if)7 - ..I .. ~ ,ri' ('Ii'
,.,_ 'r;;;;t M 1M ~
Iii III ~I III II I ,- I '00
~ I~
,ill[) ~
,m
1m 0
V'"'
[CD ~!
w ...='
'''';- 'f!)
W, iN
ui d
III IGliII'f'.;..

Im~'

("i). ID

I'tt:fl,ri

I D

._ IN IIl,iO '!lD '~,M ,m U)

iO cf

I~ Iii

T'"
0, a C? IN 1.0' N 0 IN III!!)
~ (M) ~ U)I If) 00 IN W
r-... 00, T."" Ul ~ f!i\1Il UAI iN NI
r- ~-, (Mll N NI V WI I!l.-.::'.!i 1,0
"!F"" N' ~I ~ In":' uJ7 ...... I® 'IF
I~
I
M I~ V OII' a. ~ Ion' ~ c;!__
''q"'
~ '!F" ...... C\a co W' M' r~
I lfi'- '~ r,./JI m, .1 ...- 001 N ,m
~ '. ,..... ...... ~ 0, "'ifa !J'l, I""""
.. _~ -
M .- ifl ln' WI Ir.. r- ...... ' r....
I • I • ~ ~ , I II I~
~~ ~
«il' to-- 3 N '!F'" ,W.
I co ,e (1) ~, N C"l!:I Cl!ii rill
liD I~ ~ In' '!]""" m en I~ 0
O'l t"'- m (ill C'lJ ~ m ~
M ,m ~~ 0.7 N -,. -!iii!!
- cS '71 ro 1,1), ~
,.,-- 0 I I I Iii
I '!!!if' 'OCI! m 0 N .. I'D 11D' QJ
-
~- ~ -~ ~'f I~ lri I.lff 0:,7
'V 'v • If)1 I ~

[II I

- I

II ~ I ~

- I - - I 1.,1"'1;; I i'¥""ro

001 10 NI "'I'~ 'I~

- . -I - ~ ,

_.,. ~ lil"-,- Ilu,""tol Iii'·'; [II li'"fi;1 I IIJ.')

.~ ~~ ~ll.!ll ~", ~l~ _.

--.-

011

IotA

t~1

'Ca~cullul eons~~IUC1i~i IOIi ~ a e!c~i une\BJ fofl1re~or seirs;mie.a i~ d'e' ~'m,PU'II,

J .. , >. Goldemtl!fa*: :iil N. ,It IN' eeta ey

Se va calcula un reZJe!'JrVior cii "ndric, circu~la:r cu un I:talp inte,ricr a cAnj~1 r,azB as.is' ega~'!, OJ !O~ 1 d,rn raza Ir,ezentomului. IRaze rre'49Ncrului e,s~e a ~ 111 ~ 4, m inal,imea ,~: 11.,84Jm

C apacitslt,s9 :;;: ,5.000 1m3!. ~

AezQlVorul es'te' am,p~'asa~, illi1tr~'lIli8g~Uili1le CUI grad Ide' seis,mij:!C~'tate 1II,'9~. Udlidul care ," mp'~I' lu~\zervoru~ esta ,apa.

V,e'zi ~chema d~ 'C8Jcul.

Caloulul :58' ilfJ1;Q3ps 'CU dl,etermi'nar,ea fortelor I,eism~;ce: care ,Bow'onealZa asupra re2Je,Noru ~ui ~ it a presiuni,illh[ dlros~alioB' .. C,a~',cu lu ~ l~a ~safie.illiil;iii da tori: A \II'antu lu ~~ zAp,ez~ l, e;lc~ :SQ efec1uealZa dupl norme Is, 1n vig eare, M;!lrimea de' calcul al acoolerstie,i Ipent10u igra,du ~ [II ~ es~e':.J = 0.11 'g.

Cu ~ormu~,a S =- a 1.. ~ 111,,4· X tOl 1 ,~: 1 r 1 ,4 m S8' dB,term tn~ y,aloarsa mal~dm.a a g

i'nallti'mi~ va~uiUJi ~a pe$e[e:hE~' ~e:yervorul'ui.

Prim urmare, ea sa flU ,S9 produea lovi~~'ra hi',dr1od~namicl a Ilich~du~ui asupra aoope1rifului, inartimea ~ail(imi ,- HmidLiI'ui 'chn re2e.'I~Qr nu ~lfelbui,e sl depa,e'a5~:

1'1,84 .. 11114 ~ 110~1' m

C u form ~,a p~ (z~) ~: a p j l~. sa cle;termini ,pr,esi ~nea' hlidrocli nami eit a I mcni,dul1u Ii asuprs pe"e'~illor'_ v,alOaresl ~ se Ia .dli'n gafic pe'ntru ho:: 1. Raportull d'intr,e.IIi,ala,.s,taIIPullu~ iij F8Z81 reLerv~ru ~4~. t--o:nJorm oondHiU IOJ IJro.b~'eme,il este(

K::;:: O:~ '11

" ' I I"

De ,ac.eita presiune',a h~·dro.d~nam'~ca ,asupmere~Hcr, -s;e, va deesabl die preslunee

intf'~un rezervor identli c 'fJ~r.a :stilpi oem rnu' t, eu 1 %,.

M~rimi~e p!es.iu'nilor asupra pers nor Ii '~or(;a X se cal'cui'eaza eu Tormul"9Ie:

"-I(Z· '\, ..... a rti, - L.~ ·et X···· _, TI' 9j'l h' n ~k: J-

lI""ilil .' ,,. - "" • I"'" • J . f\3. 'iIi, - III • 'GIl .. , I.. Ii""" • 11 . ,

OJ coeficferUu,I11 ,01'

rPm(O} ~: 1,,07' X '11,4, X '1000 X O~ 1 J(' 0,15 == 9'15 kgtm2

R,aporl!ut

~;_ !!.. ,= Wo..l, == 0.94 ,:;J 1 10.0

, 'I R .. AI ' I

tJ ,W~"'Ii

~ as

- ..

- - '"'I!'"

l!'iii J~I"')' - 0 ..

t",m~,~ ill, '~- II

,!'

t.._ - "I - ~:ii::IU

~ P1D i(,la~I~I:'1 ::::: pnll) si' - lSI

~in ft'Q u ria eSE ,;ri:ta.t:~1 di'B;g]mma ,preshmil1illor P8' iniiJ~'me' IP entru p!llUnJ~ diametrall

?V (IBI =: l"il1i!'t!\ Rezullrtan1ta f .... ~liil'IIr' ' .... i..ll r- .... in ~lmi.t'!iCliI ''Ii: val 'lil'~j!'! ~IIIJiIi; Itlle" :: Ai _ ~II; ~n,~rr\f.'!ljrm n rafleu 'RIII'I"

""',j!! ,_ ~u ~~ ._ ._,.~ I!V!I'~'¥_Y II!_I!J!'U'Y.!I!~!'I!!! ~ A !!II ""~'Ii!l!!:l!! \--1 VI'I!J.~ !V!!o;!II'III .... ' I ~ ~ '!i;ii, R!!io!!

L" III ne"il'i"I'iII!1 I.. -1' 'Ni ~U"' -

.!I'Iot ,,;. m-llilll!l;!l 1110 .... ' 1 :J I~ -I., ,

X :' '11~07 .. a2 p j Ik'~1 :;;: t lJll x ,3~ 14 I: "1 ,!,4:2 X 1 O~., x 1 000 11~,'1 x: 101,55, :: ,25:')000 k_g M;!Hri]meal I'lui ,4 sa 100 ,:001 emIl eu fornnw'la; le, ,_ lh '. Ik2

~ ,_, dlLllpl !grafie Ipellil'b\I hn == " esle legall CILI 10,388

L :~, 10~1'1: Olj3iB = 4"il511i11 -

Retzu'l~anta rof1elor ffdnxlli.nCilliiflicE'-' caire ,ac~'oneazl a,$u,r)ral :stllpului :so! camc'ullea:zi cu fOf1T1lu'la, ,a~i§turatl'i arvin' 'b1I'~,' ere 1c8llpe'ntnJ hOI = 11,;, k:;; O!,": r,ezlJirtl ks = 0,,05 I~:rdlin gra6e,)"

- Xiii; =: k 11 ,812' h pi j I~ =. Ot 11 I' 3~ " :X;I~ '1 ~4~~:x 1101,'7' )(, '11 10001 :~: OI~IOS, :=, 2,.180 k_gl

IOfidol1lala ~,~ le :: ,4115 - I "' V:aroarea m'a'IJ'mi1 a p,r-esiu nli i h id ~o:stSJ~i ce a ~nJ pra

p;~'~ePr:~or R!(le:fVOFU Ii se d:ete.11'li na tu 'foFmwr.a: Pc '= P' 9 ~h - Z)I i e liIIiIi; .... '. :z :;;: ID~,

P_~_UII!J!l _ , ,

p~; ,;; Pi 9 h ~ 1 DOD x 1'0111' == 1'lrl700 kg/irrf

V:aloa~ea IliIUOOmll iii IPiieS.IunU hid,ligd:un3_MioS' ,as,lJpr,i;l '8,dli:ern'lu'i sa de!enma'nil CU

'~Om1ul'aJ:' N',~ .. \:: '~, 31 ,p J"' _- , s'ifIJl9

'Ii""'l:2 '

~ :' 11,:3, teO nformi grllfi All L~j II ,.,' III penlfu ~o:: ~

Nkd'ii ~, ! iaJ n J~i t. =' ~ I: 1 " ",4, I: 110CUJI i!(. 10 i 1 x " ,;:3 ~ 1'4,01 Ikn/,ni'

~~ 2 ,;. _ 2 . ~

Sarc~'na rna, ~ina ~I aSlllmi.r~a ,wrndwlu·j ch:doritl U!'!IJere~""'lui 1!"tCi'~_'i"!<,~lI"iIr~m-~'· --, li-~:-I"I':---I 1~--=-::-cA 1:--1-

,~ It'" - - - - ~ -- - Ifr'" - -- ~ ~ _. ~ ~ !!'"iI., I" ..... _ UIIiU I se ca tIlL! eaZiI:iIl C!JJI

~DrmljU Is: qlm ~ j h:i2' Pi t~L k:2': Iq ;; Iq' sin II; GUI IcoefiDien~ul' 11 ~01'

C)m ':;: '11107 j Pc lfili" k~ Ik~: :: '1:1,07 )[ ~t 11 x' 1 OCUli x' 110,'1,2 ;(' 0',55, x O,38e; == 2~Jj110 k,g/ml q = 2.~t).'1 a ~ffin I (kl(llirm:JI

,s,arCil!lJ8, asw~M'al I!J ndtl td date[]! is 'a~p u I ui se cafclille'Bzia CUI form:ulla:

n- ::' ~,:' Zc k ~ tt, ,H:'k~k2 [" - z:(: Ik l' _,10 ,"2'j(. 1000~'O~11 x ~ 05xO~388nI3~ "i1Sl2

~"* Iki! a: '11' 2-'" h ~'" II... ""J, "II '":l; '0'-' 1 ,_

, '_ pi K ,LX~.J x=~

'Qt!1: :ii' 'qnvc: ,s'in e ~ 6114 kg 1m



VailOfoiilfl mlmd'me ,ale momenlulUii ""ncoyoJe1Gr :,iJ ,B'~ei 'fortei '~iJe~:cere da,torHI ,ac4i'uni'i fct~:e!~cr hidrodinamice :&8' Icmculead IOJ fmmulele:

- - - '. - - - - -- -- - -- -- - - - - - - - - - - - - ,," - -- -" , - -

.

1M' .,"", Y'7' .... "'U::"'7' ftiI'VfIIl 'IiI" ,AI '111£: ,_ '11 iA"J'lII"IiL~ Ii:.;n;-m" '_ '11~iit']'n "in " , 00 ,_, ~: - LUiII' ,.~ A ~'~ ii;;i!I ,"'"-" ~Ulf 'U,~ I!!!I~ -, ,-' ut U I~JI~II

'0- ",- '= ~ = "'-~'7 'nn:n'- :' 'i")~-'7 '.'

--,Enl lA - [~~Ifi'.~ ). l~~l~' !Ii

E~G:rtul ~nelaJf fse' cal~~;__~ead aJll 'fornnlllla::

NjIDQ :: - Prn~O) a san 91 ~ 915,1 111,.4 :silin II ': 10.,4(11) X ,Shl'EiI. kgI,m

Te mls'iunea da,tnriil_~1 e - i-wi. CUi 1m II1CUllentel'or inOO\i!\iOiab.18f"1e' sa ,cah~li~el8ila eu

'rol'lm ule~ e eWU'10some' Idim Irezi',1eJil 'SllmSlea",islleIQf. f1entrul tfieeare' seC1~ une len si Un-nfl' !d'aJtori'ta

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