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STAR‐CCM+

Petr Vrchota
vrchota@vzlu.cz
Content

 What STAR-CCM+ is
 Grid generation
 Physical modeling
 Solver
 Post-processing
 Examples
 Conclusion

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 2
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
What is STAR
STAR-CCM+
CCM+

 Parallelized flow solver


 2D/3D viscous/inviscid compressible flow problems
 Unstructured grid
 Finite volume technique
 Integrated software environment - form grid generation
to post-processing

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 3
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Surface or geometric import

 Import surface grid or geometry from


 .dbs - pro-STAR surface database mesh file
 i - pro-STAR
.inp pro STAR cell/vertex shell input file
 .nas - NASTRAN shell file
 p - PATRAN shell file
.pat
 .stl - Stereolithography file
 .igs/.iges - Initial Graphics Exchange Specification file
 .stp/.step - Standardized Exchange of Product file
 .x_t/.x_b - Parasolid Transmit file

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 4
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Surface meshing

 Tools to help prepare the starting surface geometry


 Surface remesher
 Surface wrapper
 Hole filler, including non-simple holes
 Edge
g zipper
pp
 Automatic and hand based feature curve extraction and editing

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 5
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Volume meshing

 Three types of meshing models


 tetrahedral - tetrahedral cell shape based core mesh
 polyhedral - arbitrary polyhedral cell shape based core mesh
 trimmed - trimmed hexahedral cell shape based core mesh

 Boundary layer meshing using a prism layer

 Fine tune mesh generation with:


 Volume sources
 Local and global parameter setting

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 6
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Volume meshing

 Types of meshing models

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 7
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Mesh manipulation

 Transform - scale, translate and rotate


 Split and combine boundaries and regions, including
automated
t t d
 interface definition for closed semi-manifold surfaces
 C t d
Create, delete
l t and d ffuse iinterfaces
t f
 Fuse internal boundaries
 C
Convert a three-dimensional
h di i l mesh
h to two-dimensional
di i l
 Create cell sets

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 8
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Import mesh

 Import from:
 pro-STAR
 Gridgen
 Fluent
 Gambit
 STAR-CD
 ICEM

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 9
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Physical models

 M ti
Motion
 Moving reference frames, rotational and translational
 Frozen rotor (multiple reference frame) model
 Flow and energy
 Inviscid, laminar and turbulent flow regimes
 Gas, liquid, solid and porous media modeling
 Total energy formulation
 Conjugate heat transfer
 Free-surface and Volume of Fluid (VOF)
 Cavitation
 Radiator type heat exchanger
 Fan curve adjusted momentum source fan

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 10
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Physical models - turbulence

 Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes
 Spallart-Allmaras
 K-Epsilon
K Epsilon
 K-Omega

 Large Eddy Simulation


 Detached Eddy Simulation
 Wall Treatments
 Low y+
 High
g yy+
 All y+

 Prescriptive boundary layer transition


Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 11
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Boundary conditions

 Wall
 Pressure outlet
 Mass flow inlet
 Stagnation inlet
 Velocity inlet
 FreeStream
 Symmetry
 Axis
 Interface

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 12
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Solver

 Coupled flow
 implicit
 explicit

 Coupled energy
 Segregated flow

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 13
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Post processing
Post-processing

 On-line visualization
 Scalar scene
 Vector scene
 XY plot
 Streamline

 Export results to TECPLOT

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 14
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Examples

 2D airfoil RAE 2822


 several types of meshes
 imported mesh from ICEM

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 15
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Examples

 3D case: Small commercial aircraft


 Wind tunnel correction
 Different configuration
 Drag difference to wind tunnel test ~10%

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 16
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Examples

 3D case: Small commercial aircraft


 Propeller effect
 Fan solver

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 17
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Examples

 3D case: Axial fan / Turbomachinery


 Axial fan with contra-rotary blades
 Full scale model
 Approximately 1'500'000 cells
 Calculation of fan curve

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 18
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Conclusion

 Universal code limited generally by number of licenses


 Sometimes problems with physical memory requirement
occurredd
 Some problems with automated meshing
 I able
Is bl tto be
b usedd ffor solving
l i problems
bl usually
ll occurredd
in aerospace

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 19
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop
Thank you for your attention
Questions?

Aerodynamic Design 
18.3.2009 20
of Small Commercial Aircraft – training workshop