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Comenzi in consola RUN Windows

Pentru utilizatorii WIndows, consola RUN poate fi destul de utila . Cateva comen
zi :
Start > run
secpol.msc Setari Securitate
services.msc Servicii
msconfig Utilitatea de configurare a sistemului
regedit Editor Registri
msinfo32 Informatii sistem
sysedit Editare sistem
win.ini Informatii despre incarcarea OS (similar system.ini)
winver Afiseaza versiunea de OS
mailto: Deschide clientul de mail predefinit
command Deschide linia de comanda MS-DOS
cmd - Deschide Windows Shell
notepad Deschide Notepad
calc Deschide calculator
compmgmt.msc Computer management
devmgmt.msc Device manager
diskmgmt.msc Disk management
dfrg.msc Defragmentarea sistemului
eventvwr.msc Vizualizare evenimente
fsmgmt.msc Afiseaza fisierele/folderele puse la share
gpedit.msc Afiseaza regulile de grup
lusrmgr.msc - Useri si grupuri
perfmon.msc Afiseaza statistici/performanta sistemului
rsop.msc Resultant set of policies
mspaint Deschide Paint
dxdiag Deschide Editorul setarilor multimedia video / audio + teste diagnosticar
e
Daca doriti sa aveti acces rapid la anumite aplicatii le puteti executa din fere
astra RUN (Start > Run)
devmgmt.msc = Device Manager
msinfo32 = System Information
cleanmgr = Disk Cleanup
ntbackup = Backup or Restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)
mmc = Microsoft Management Console
excel = Microsoft Excel (Daca e instalat)
msaccess = Microsoft Access (Daca e instalat)
powerpnt = Microsoft PowerPoint (Daca e instalat)
winword = Microsoft Word (Daca e instalat)
frontpg = Microsoft FrontPage (Daca e instalat)
notepad = Notepad
wordpad = WordPad
calc = Calculator
msmsgs = Windows Messenger
mspaint = Microsoft Paint
wmplayer = Windows Media Player
rstrui = System Restore
netscp6 = Netscape 6.x
netscp = Netscape 7.x
netscape = Netscape 4.x
waol = America Online
control = Opens the Control Panel
control printers = Opens the Printers Dialog
O lista mica de combinatii de taste folosite mai rar in Windows XP
1. CTRL + Shift in timp ce trageti obiectul va crea o scurtatura.
2. CTRL in timp ce trageti obiectul - il va copia.
3. ALT + Enter Afiseaza proprietatile obiectului selectat.
4. SHFT+F10 Afiseaza meniul de scurtaturi al obiectului selectat.
5. Windows + U- aprinde Utility Manager.
6. Windows + D- Afiseaza instant desktop-ul.
7. Windows + Break Aprinde fereastra de Proprietati
8. Windows + F + CTRL cautare alte PC-uri.
9. F4 afiseaza lista Address bar in Windows Explorer sau My Computer.
10. F10 Activeaza meniul programului activ
Cateva prescurtari pentru a usura viata in Office Word :
Keystroke
Function
Ctrl + Shift + D Subliniere dubla a textului selectat
Ctrl + ] Marirea caracterelor textului selectat cu 1
Ctrl + [ Reducerea dimensiunilor caracterelor textului selectat cu 1
Ctrl + Shift + A Activarea caps pe tot textul selectat
Ctrl + = Activarea/Dezactivarea subscripting pentru textul selectat
Ctrl + + Activarea/Dezactivarea superscripting pentru textul selectat
Ctrl + Shift + Q Activarea fontului Symbol textului selectat
Ctrl + Shift + N Activarea paragrafului selectat
Ctrl + Alt + 1 Activarea Heading 1 paragrafului selectat
Ctrl + Alt + 2 Activarea Heading 2 paragrafului selectat
Ctrl + Alt + 3 Activarea Heading 3 paragrafului selectat
Ctrl + Shift + L Activarea List Bullet
Ctrl + 0 (zero) Adaugarea sau indepartarea unui spatiu deasupra paragrafului s
electat
In caz ca dintr-un motiv sau altul nu aveti acces in Control Panel, puteti incer
ca urmatoarele comenzi, din START - RUN
Majoritatea functioneaza in toate variantele de Windows, desi cele legate de sec
uritate, nu functioneaza in 2k/XP
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Control Panel (CONTROL.EXE)
--------------------------------
Control Panel:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL
Accessability Options (ACCESS.CPL)
---------------------------------------
Accessability Properties (Keyboard):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,1
Accessability Properties (Sound):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,2
Accessability Properties (Display):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,3
Accessability Properties (Mouse):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,4
Accessability Properties (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,5
Add/Remove Programs (APPWIZ.CPL)
-------------------------------------
Add/Remove Programs Properties (Install/Uninstall):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,1
Add/Remove Programs Properties (Windows Setup):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,2
Add/Remove Programs Properties (Startup Disk):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,3
Display Options (DESK.CPL)
-------------------------------
Display Properties (Background):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,0
Display Properties (Screen Saver):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,1
Display Properties (Appearance):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,2
Display Properties (Settings):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,3
Regional Settings (INTL.CPL)
---------------------------------
Regional Settings Properties (Regional Settings):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,0
Regional Settings Properties (Number):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,1
Regional Settings Properties (Currency):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,2
Regional Settings Properties (Time):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,3
Regional Settings Properties (Date):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,4
Joystick Options (JOY.CPL)
-------------------------------
Joystick Properties (Joystick):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL joy.cpl
Mouse/Keyboard/Printers/Fonts Options (MAIN.CPL)
-----------------------------------------------------
Mouse Properties:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @0
Keyboard Properties:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @1
Printers:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @2
Fonts:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @3
Mail and Fax Options (MLCFG32.CPL)
---------------------------------------
Microsoft Exchange Profiles (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mlcfg32.cpl
Multimedia/Sounds Options (MMSYS.CPL)
------------------------------------------
Multimedia Properties (Audio):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,0
Multimedia Properties (Video):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,1
Multimedia Properties (MIDI):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,2
Multimedia Properties (CD Music):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,3
Multimedia Properties (Advanced):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,4
= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Sounds Properties :
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl @1
Modem Options (MODEM.CPL)
------------------------------
Modem Properties (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL modem.cpl
Network Options (NETCPL.CPL)
---------------------------------
Network (Configuration):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL netcpl.cpl
NT
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL ncpa.cpl
Password Options (PASSWORD.CPL)
------------------------------------
Password Properties (Change Passwords):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL password.cpl
System/Add New Hardware Options (SYSDM.CPL)
------------------------------------------------
System Properties (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,0
System Properties (Device Manager):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,1
System Properties (Hardware Profiles):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,2
System Properties (Performance):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,3
= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Add New Hardware Wizard :
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl @1
Date and Time Options (TIMEDATE.CPL)
-----------------------------------------
Date/Time Properties:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl
Microsoft Mail Postoffice Options (WGPOCPL.CPL)
----------------------------------------------------
Microsoft Workgroup Postoffice Admin:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL wgpocpl.cpl
Open With (File Associations):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL d:pathfilename.ext
Run Diskcopy Dialog:
rundll32 diskcopy.dll,DiskCopyRunDll
Create New Shortcut Wizard:
'puts the new shortcut in the location specified by %1
rundll32.exe AppWiz.Cpl,NewLinkHere %1
Install New Hardware Wizard:
rundll32.exe sysdm.cpl,InstallDevice_RunDLL
Add Printer Wizard:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter
Dial-up Networking Wizard rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard
Open a Scrap Document:
rundll32.exe shscrap.dll,OpenScrap_RunDLL /r /x %1
Create a Briefcase: rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create
View Printers:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL PrintersFolder
View Fonts:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL FontsFolder
Pick a Time Zone Dialog:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl,,/f
Create Share Dialog
NT
rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareCreate
Manage Shares Dialog
NT
rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareManage
ODBC Data Source Administrator (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL odbccp32.cpl
Themes Properties (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL themes.cpl
TweakUI Dialog (General):
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL tweakui.cpl
Run Format Floppy Dialog:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHFormatDrive - sa vaeti discheta introdusa
An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line
ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC Change file extension associations
ASSOCIAT One step file association
ATTRIB Change file attributes
b
BCDBOOT Create or repair a system partition
BOOTCFG Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info
c
CACLS Change file permissions
CALL Call one batch program from another
CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder
CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks
CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS Clear the screen
CLUSTER Windows Clustering
CMD Start a new CMD shell
CMDKEY Manage stored usernames/passwords
COLOR Change colors of the CMD window
COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS Compress individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT Connect or disconnect a Printer
CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY Copy one or more files to another location
CSCcmd Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data
d
DATE Display or set the date
DEFRAG Defragment hard drive
DEL Delete one or more files
DELPROF Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR Display a list of files and folders
DIRUSE Display disk usage
DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another
DISKPART Disk Administration
DNSSTAT DNS Statistics
DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSACLs Active Directory ACLs
DSAdd Add items to active directory (user group computer)
DSGet View items in active directory (user group computer)
DSQuery Search for items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMod Modify items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMove Move an Active directory Object
DSRM Remove items from Active Directory
e
ECHO Display message on screen
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE Delete one or more files
EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log
EXIT Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel
EXPAND Uncompress files
EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files
f
FC Compare two files
FIND Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR Search for strings in files
FOR /F Loop command: against a set of files
FOR /F Loop command: against the results of another command
FOR Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT Format a disk
FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL File and Volume utilities
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE Display or modify file types used in file extension associations
g
GLOBAL Display membership of global groups
GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line
GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings
h
HELP Online Help
i
iCACLS Change file and folder permissions
IF Conditionally perform a command
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup
IPCONFIG Configure IP
k
KILL Remove a program from memory
l
LABEL Edit a disk label
LOCAL Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer
LOGMAN Manage Performance Monitor
LOGOFF Log a user off
LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file
m
MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MBSAcli Baseline Security Analyzer.
MEM Display memory usage
MD Create new folders
MKLINK Create a symbolic link (linkd)
MODE Configure a system device
MORE Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE Move files from one folder to another
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG Send a message
MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MUNGE Find and Replace text within file(s)
MV Copy in-use files
n
NET Manage network resources
NETDOM Domain Manager
NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
NETSVC Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
o
OPENFILES Query or display open files
p
PATH Display or set a search path for executable files
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message
PERMS Show permissions for a user
PERFMON Performance Monitor
PING Test a network connection
POPD Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services
POWERCFG Configure power settings
PRINT Print a text file
PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
PRNCNFG Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers set the default printer
PROMPT Change the command prompt
PsExec Execute process remotely
PsFile Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo List information about a system
PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList Event log records
PsPasswd Change account password
PsService View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend Suspend processes
PUSHD Save and then change the current directory
q
QGREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.
r
RASDIAL Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI Change Registry Permissions
REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file
REN Rename a file or files
REPLACE Replace or update one file with another
RD Delete folder(s)
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
RUN Start | RUN commands
RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)
s
SC Service Control
SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
SCLIST Display NT Services
SET Display, set, or remove environment variables
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables
SETX Set environment variables permanently
SFC System File Checker
SHARE List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP Wait for x seconds
SLMGR Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)
SOON Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT Sort input
START Start a program or command in a separate window
SU Switch User
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration
t
TASKLIST List running applications and services
TASKKILL Remove a running process from memory
TIME Display or set the system time
TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session
TLIST Task list with full path
TOUCH Change file timestamps
TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
TREE Graphical display of folder structure
TYPE Display the contents of a text file
TypePerf Write performance data to a log file
u
USRSTAT List domain usernames and last login
v
VER Display version information
VERIFY Verify that files have been saved
VOL Display a disk label
w
WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP Windows system diagnostics II
WINRM Windows Remote Management
WINRS Windows Remote Shell
WMIC WMI Commands
x
XCACLS Change file and folder permissions
XCOPY Copy files and folders
:: Comment / Remark
Commands marked are Internal commands only available within the CMD shell.
All other commands (not marked with ) are external commands which may be used und
er the CMD shell, PowerShell, or directly from START-RUN.
Start | Run Commands for Windows XP, Vista and Windows 7:
Accessibility Controls access.cpl
Accessibility Options control access.cpl
Adapter Troubleshooter (Vista/Win7) AdapterTroubleshooter
Add Hardware Wizard hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs appwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs (Add New Programs) control appwiz.cpl,,1
Add/Remove Programs (Add Remove Windows Components) control appwiz.cpl,,2
Add/Remove Programs (Set Program Access & Defaults ) control appwiz.cpl,,3
Administrative Tools control admintools
Advanced User Accounts Control Panel (Vista/Win7) Netplwiz
Automatic Updates wuaucpl.cpl
Authorization Manager (Vista/Win7) azman.msc
Backup Status and Utility (Vista/Win7) sdclt
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard fsquirt
Calculator calc
Certificate Manager certmgr.msc
Character Map charmap
Check Disk Utility (XP) chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer clipbrd
Color Management colorcpl
Command Prompt cmd
Component Services dcomcnfg
Computer Management (XP) compmgmt.msc
Computer Management (Vista/Win7) CompMgmtLauncher
Control Panel control
Credential (passwords) Backup and Restore Wizard (Vista/Win7) credwiz
Date and Time Properties timedate.cpl
Device Manager devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel* directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility cleanmgr
Disk Defragmenter (XP) dfrg.msc
Disk Defragmenter (Vista) dfrgui
Disk Defragmenter defrag
Disk Management diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager diskpart
Display Properties control desktop
Display Properties desk.cpl
Display Properties (Appearance) control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility verifier
Driver Package Installer (Vista/Win7) dpinst
DVD Player dvdplay
Event Viewer eventvwr.msc
File Signature Verification Tool sigverif
Files and Settings Transfer Tool migwiz
Findfast findfast.cpl
Firewall Control Panel (Vista/Win7) FirewallControlPanel
Firewall Settings (Vista/Win7) FirewallSettings
Folders Properties control folders
Fonts control fonts
Fonts Folder fonts
Game Controllers joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof) gpedit.msc
IExpress - Turn a cmd/vbs script into an installer .exe file C:\Windows\System32
\iexpress.exe (example)
Indexing Service ciadv.msc
Internet Properties inetcpl.cpl
IP Configuration ipconfig
iSCSI Initiator (Vista/Win7) iscsicpl
Keyboard Properties control keyboard
Language Pack Installer (Vista/Win7) lpksetup
Local Security Policy secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups (XP) lusrmgr.msc
Log out logoff
Microsoft Access* msaccess
Microsoft Excel* excel
Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool mrt
Microsoft Paint mspaint
Microsoft Powerpoint* powerpnt
Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool (Vista/Win7) msdt
Microsoft Word* winword
Mouse Properties control mouse
Mouse Properties main.cpl
MSN Messenger* msnmsgr
Network Connections control netconnections
Network Connections ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard netsetup.cpl
Notepad notepad
ODBC Data Source Administrator odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard osk
Paint pbrush
Password Properties password.cpl
Performance Monitor perfmon.msc
Phone and Modem Options telephon.cpl
Phone Dialer dialer
Power Configuration powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes control printers
Printers Folder printers
Private Character Editor eudcedit
Quicktime* QuickTime.cpl
Quicktime Player* quicktimeplayer
Regional Settings intl.cpl
Registry Editor regedit
Registry Editor regedit32
Reliability and Performance Monitor perfmon.msc
Remote Assistance(Vista/Win7) msra
Remote Desktop mstsc
Removable Storage ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks control schedtasks
Security Center wscui.cpl
Services services.msc
Shared Creation Wizard shrpubw
Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc
Shut Down Windows shutdown
Software Licensing/Activation (Vista/Win7) slui
Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl
Sound Recorder (Vista/Win7) soundrecorder
Sound Volume (Vista/Win7) sndvol
SQL Client Configuration cliconfg
Sync Center mobsync
Syncronization Tool mobsync
System Configuration Editor sysedit
System Configuration Utility msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan/Purge) sfc
System Information msinfo32
System Properties sysdm.cpl
System Properties (Vista/Win7) SystemPropertiesAdvanced, SystemPropertiesCompute
rName,
SystemPropertiesDataExecutionPrevention,SystemPropertiesHardware,
SystemPropertiesPerformance,SystemPropertiesProtection, SystemPropertiesRemote
Task Manager taskmgr
Telnet Client telnet
Trusted Platform Module Initialization Wizard (Vista/Win7) TpmInit
Tweak UI* tweakui
User Account Management nusrmgr.cpl
User Accounts (Autologon) control userpasswords2
Utility Manager utilman
Windows Error Reports wercon
Windows Features (Vista/Win7) optionalfeatures
Windows Firewall firewall.cpl
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security (Vista/Win7) wf.msc
Windows Image Acquisition (scanner)(Vista/Win7) wiaacmgr
Windows Magnifier magnify
Windows Management Infrastructure wmimgmt.msc
Windows Mobility Center (Mobile PCs only)(Vista/Win7) mblctr
Windows Security Center wscui.cpl
Windows System Security Tool syskey
Windows Update wupdmgr
Windows Update (Vista/Win7) wuapp
Windows Update Standalone Installer(Vista/Win7) wusa
Windows XP Tour Wizard tourstart
Windows Version (About Windows) winver
Wordpad write
* = optional component that may not be installed on all machines.
The Macintosh uses an experimental pointing device called a 'mouse.' There is no
evidence that people want to use these things

Network Administration
how to use net send command
do the following steps
1. Type services.msc in run box.
2. select messenger service
3.right click and select properties
4.select stratup type as Automatic
5.click on start button, apply,ok.
then use the following net send syntax for sending message

Comenzi Run Windows XP


To Access .
Run Command
Accessibility Controls
access.cpl
Accessibility Wizard
accwiz
Add Hardware Wizard
hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs
appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools
control admintools
Adobe Acrobat (if installed)
acrobat
Adobe Designer (if installed)
acrodist
Adobe Distiller (if installed)
acrodist
Adobe ImageReady (if installed)
imageready
Adobe Photoshop (if installed)
photoshop
Automatic Updates
wuaucpl.cpl
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
fsquirt
Calculator
calc
Certificate Manager
certmgr.msc
Character Map
charmap
Check Disk Utility
chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer
clipbrd
Command Prompt
cmd
Component Services
dcomcnfg
Computer Management
compmgmt.msc
Control Panel
control
Date and Time Properties
timedate.cpl
DDE Shares
ddeshare
Device Manager
devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)*
directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter
dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility
cleanmgr
Disk Defragment
dfrg.msc
Disk Management
diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager
diskpart
Display Properties
control desktop
Display Properties
desk.cpl
Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected)
control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility
drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility
verifier
Event Viewer
eventvwr.msc
Files and Settings Transfer Tool
migwiz
File Signature Verification Tool
sigverif
Findfast
findfast.cpl
Firefox (if installed)
firefox
Folders Properties
control folders
Fonts
control fonts
Fonts Folder
fonts
Free Cell Card Game
freecell
Game Controllers
joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof)
gpedit.msc
Hearts Card Game
mshearts
Help and Support
helpctr
HyperTerminal
hypertrm
Iexpress Wizard
iexpress
Indexing Service
ciadv.msc
Internet Connection Wizard
icwconn1
Internet Explorer
iexplore
Internet Properties
inetcpl.cpl
Internet Setup Wizard
inetwiz
IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration)
ipconfig /all
IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)
ipconfig /displaydns
IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)
ipconfig /flushdns
IP Configuration (Release All Connections)
ipconfig /release
IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)
ipconfig /renew
IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS)
ipconfig /registerdns
IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)
ipconfig /showclassid
IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)
ipconfig /setclassid
Java Control Panel (If Installed)
jpicpl32.cpl
Java Control Panel (If Installed)
javaws
Keyboard Properties
control keyboard
Local Security Settings
secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups
lusrmgr.msc
Logs You Out Of Windows
logoff
Malicious Software Removal Tool
mrt
Microsoft Access (if installed)
access.cpl
Microsoft Chat
winchat
Microsoft Excel (if installed)
excel
Microsoft Frontpage (if installed)
frontpg
Microsoft Movie Maker
moviemk
Microsoft Paint
mspaint
Microsoft Powerpoint (if installed)
powerpnt
Microsoft Word (if installed)
winword
Microsoft Syncronization Tool
mobsync
Minesweeper Game
winmine
Mouse Properties
control mouse
Mouse Properties
main.cpl
Nero (if installed)
nero
Netmeeting
conf
Network Connections
control netconnections
Network Connections
ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard
netsetup.cpl
Notepad
notepad
Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed)
nvtuicpl.cpl
Object Packager
packager
ODBC Data Source Administrator
odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard
osk
Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed)
ac3filter.cpl
Outlook Express
msimn
Paint
pbrush
Password Properties
password.cpl
Performance Monitor
perfmon.msc
Performance Monitor
perfmon
Phone and Modem Options
telephon.cpl
Phone Dialer
dialer
Pinball Game
pinball
Power Configuration
powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes
control printers
Printers Folder
printers
Private Character Editor
eudcedit
Quicktime (If Installed)
QuickTime.cpl
Quicktime Player (if installed)
quicktimeplayer
Real Player (if installed)
realplay
Regional Settings
intl.cpl
Registry Editor
regedit
Registry Editor
regedit32
Remote Access Phonebook
rasphone
Remote Desktop
mstsc
Removable Storage
ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests
ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof)
rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras
sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks
control schedtasks
Security Center
wscui.cpl
Services
services.msc
Shared Folders
fsmgmt.msc
Shuts Down Windows
shutdown
Sounds and Audio
mmsys.cpl
Spider Solitare Card Game
spider
SQL Client Configuration
cliconfg
System Configuration Editor
sysedit
System Configuration Utility
msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately)
sfc /scannow
System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot)
sfc /scanonce
System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot)
sfc /scanboot
System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting)
sfc /revert
System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache)
sfc /purgecache
System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x)
sfc /cachesize=x
System Information
msinfo32
System Properties
sysdm.cpl
Task Manager
taskmgr
TCP Tester
tcptest
Telnet Client
telnet
Tweak UI (if installed)
tweakui
User Account Management
nusrmgr.cpl
Utility Manager
utilman
Windows Address Book
wab
Windows Address Book Import Utility
wabmig
Windows Backup Utility (if installed)
ntbackup
Windows Explorer
explorer
Windows Firewall
firewall.cpl
Windows Magnifier
magnify
Windows Management Infrastructure
wmimgmt.msc
Windows Media Player
wmplayer
Windows Messenger
msmsgs
Windows Picture Import Wizard (need camera connected)
wiaacmgr
Windows System Security Tool
syskey
Windows Update Launches
wupdmgr
Windows Version (to show which version of windows)
winver
Windows XP Tour Wizard
tourstart
Wordpad
write
net send computername message
or
if u want to send message to a workgroup/ a domain
net send workgroupname/domain name message
Comenzi RUN Partea 1
Este imposibil sa nu fi auzit de comanda RUN, pe care pana acum ati ignorat-o to
tal. Daca v-ati intrebat care este utilitatea ei. Ei bine, de aici puteti lansa
actiuni mult mai facil decat daca ati apela la calea clasica. In Windows XP veti
putea accesa functia Run dand click pe butonul START, in timp ce in Windows Vis
ta si 7 veti scrie comenzile direct in campul Search, din acelasi meniu START.
1. Testati daca un site este functional
Pentru aceasta comanda trebuie sa introduceti intai cmd in campul Run. Apoi:
a) tastati comanda ping, impreuna cu adresa www a unui site (de ex. www.google.
ro)
b) site-ul va fi testat de patru ori. Daca apare mesajul Request timed out sau a
lt mesaj de eroare, puteti trage concluzia ca site-ul nu raspunde, fie este intr
erupta conexiunea voastra la internet.
c) daca doriti sa monitorizati un server sau conexiunea la internet, apelati la
comanda ping www.google.ro -t. Veti observa o modificare cand este restaurat sit
e-ul sau conexiunea.
2. Accesati toate fisierele partajate cu o singura comanda
Microsoft are cateva comenzi bine ascunse, dar care sunt, de multe ori, foarte u
tile in indeplinirea rapida a unor sarcini cum ar fi gestionarea tuturor fisiere
lor partajate intr-o singura fereastra.
a) click pe Start > Run. Tastati fsmgmt.msc si apasati tasta Enter
b) puteti vedea, intr-o singura fereastra, toate fisierele partajate de catre ca
lculator, ce calculatoare sunt conectate, ce fisiere au acelea deschise etc. Put
eti chiar sa deconectati sesiuni deschise din aceasta interfata. Instrumentul es
te disponibil in toate variantele de Windows, de la XP incoace.
3. Date tehnice despre calculatorul tau
Daca doriti sa aflati informatii legate de configuratia computerului vostru, exi
sta aplicatia DirectX Diagnostics (dxdiag.exe), ce ofera toate informatiile impo
rtante despre sistem. Pentru a le afla, urmati pasii urmatori:
a) intrati in Start
b) click pe Run
c) introduceti comanda dxdiag si dati click pe OK
d) dupa generarea raportului, dati click pe butonul Save all information, pentru
a salva lista cu datele sistemului vostru.
4. Inlocuirea fisierelor sistem corupte
Principala cauza pentru distrugerea sau modificarea unui fisier al sistemului de
operare sunt virusii, iar rezolvarea comuna este formatarea sau reinstalarea si
stemului. o metoda mult mai simpla si rapida este inlocuirea fisierelor de siste
m corupte cu cele originale apeland la comanda sfc.exe (System File Checker). Es
te nevoie, in primul rand, sa introducem CD-ul de instalare Windows XP in unitat
ea optica, apoi dam click pe Start > Run si comanda sfc / scannow. Fisierele cor
upte vor fi inlocuite cu cele originale de pe disc.
5. Informatii despre windows
In timpul procesului de instalare a sistemului de operare ne sunt solocitate anu
mite informatii, printre care un nume de organzatie (Organization Name) si unu d
e proprietar al sistemului (Owner Name). Informatiile de acest gen apar in Syste
m Properties > General (click dreapta pe My Computer > Properties) daca utilizam
Windows XP. In cazul variantei Vista si 7 a sistemului de operare, informatiile
sunt afisate in fereastra denumita About Windows, pe care o accesam facand urma
torii pasi:
1. mergeti la START > RUN si scrieti winver.exe si Enter verificati informatiile
si apoi intrati din nou in Run si tastati regedit.
2. mergeti la HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersio
n si cautati RegisteredOwner si RegisteredOrganization, in partea dreapta.
3. acum dati click dreapta pe una dintre cele doua si selectati Modify.
4. in campul Value Data, schimbati numele actual sau adaugati unul in cazul in c
are nu era niciunul setat si apasati OK.
6. Lansarea managementului de registrii
Editorul Microsoft Registry (regedit.exe) va permite sa vizualizati, cautati si
modificati setari din registrii sistemului vostru de operare ce contin informati
i despre cum functioneaza calculatorul vostru. Puteti utiliza Registry Editor pe
ntru a verifica si modifica registrii, dar, daca umblati pe unde nu trebuie, s-a
r putea sa fie nevoie sa va reinstalati sistemul.
1. Pentru a lansa Regedit.exe dati click pe START si apoi pe RUN.
2. Tastati regedit si dati click pe OK
Windows stocheaza informatii referitoare la configurarea sa intr-o baza de date
denumita registru. Acesta contine profilul fiecarui utilizator al calculatorului
, informatii referitoare la configuratia hardware a sistemului, programe instala
te si setari ale acestora. Deci mare grija la ce modificati, iar, in cazul apari
tiei unei discfunctionalitati, puteti sa remediati situatia apeland la o copie d
e siguranta sau un punct de restaurare a sistemului (System Restore).