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TEMPERATURE SCALE

TOPIC 10 : TEMPERATURE

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TEMPERATURE

Definition

The degree of how hot or cold a body is.

A measure of the average kinetic energy of the molecules of the body.

Kinetic Theory of Matter

of the molecules of the body. Kinetic Theory of Matter Accurately measured by a THERMOMETER Sunday,

Accurately measured by a THERMOMETER

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THERMOMETERS

Instruments used to measure temperature.

THERMOMETERS Instruments used to measure temperature. Body Food Surroundings Sunday, February 20, 2011 3

Body

THERMOMETERS Instruments used to measure temperature. Body Food Surroundings Sunday, February 20, 2011 3

Food

THERMOMETERS Instruments used to measure temperature. Body Food Surroundings Sunday, February 20, 2011 3

Surroundings

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LOOK AT ME CLOSELY !

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WHAT AM I ?

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THERMOMETERS

Use thermometric substances to measure temperature.

Thermometric

Substances

Substances that have physical quantities that changes continuously with temperature.

Length Volume Current E.m.f Resistance Gas Colour pressure
Length
Volume
Current
E.m.f
Resistance
Gas
Colour
pressure

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THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

THERMOMETERS PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Thermocouple Sunday, February

Liquid-in-Glass

Thermometer

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Thermocouple Sunday, February 20, 2011 6

Thermocouple

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THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

THERMOMETERS PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Gas-Filled Thermometer Resistance Thermometer Sunday,

Gas-Filled

Thermometer

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Gas-Filled Thermometer Resistance Thermometer Sunday, February 20, 2011 7

Resistance

Thermometer

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THERMOMETERS

PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS!

THERMOMETERS PICTURES OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Aquarium Thermometer Mood Ring Using Thermochromic Liquids

Aquarium Thermometer

OF VARIOUS TYPES OF THERMOMETERS! Aquarium Thermometer Mood Ring Using Thermochromic Liquids Sunday, February 20,

Mood Ring

Using Thermochromic Liquids

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TEMPERATURE SCALE

Definition A range of numbers for measuring the level of hotness.

COMMON TEMPERATURE SCALES
COMMON
TEMPERATURE
SCALES

CENTIGRADE SCALE

FARENHEIT SCALE

KELVIN SCALE

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TEMPERATURE SCALE

Definition A range of numbers for measuring the level of hotness.

Determination of Temperature Scale
Determination of
Temperature Scale

Choosing two suitable temperatures known as fixed points.

Divide the range between the fixed points into a number of equal division.

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THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

Also known as the Celsius Scale

THE CENTIGRADE SCALE Also known as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT

TWO FIXED POINTS

SCALE Also known as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT Temperature of

ICE POINT

STEAM POINT

Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm.as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT Assigned a value of 0

POINT STEAM POINT Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0

Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius.

Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm.ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius. Assigned a value of 100

Celsius. Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 100 degrees

Assigned a value of 100 degrees Celsius.

Space between ice point and steam point is divided into 100 equal parts

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THE KELVIN SCALE

Also known as the Absolute Scale

Based on Theory

The lowest possible temperature that exists in the universe - the absolute zero.

that exists in the universe - the absolute zero. Kelvin (K) SI unit of Temperature The
that exists in the universe - the absolute zero. Kelvin (K) SI unit of Temperature The
that exists in the universe - the absolute zero. Kelvin (K) SI unit of Temperature The

Kelvin (K)

SI unit of Temperature

The temperature at which all possible thermal energy has been transferred away from the body.
The temperature at
which all possible
thermal energy has
been transferred
away from the body.

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KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius Kelvin to

Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius

Kelvin to Celsius Temperature in Kelvin - 273
Kelvin to Celsius
Temperature in
Kelvin
-
273
Celsius to Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius + 273
Celsius to Kelvin
Temperature in
Degree Celsius
+
273
- 273 Celsius to Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius + 273 273 K = 0 degrees

273 K = 0 degrees Celsius

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KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION Convert these temperatures from Celsius to Kelvin 1. 825

Convert these temperatures from Celsius to Kelvin

1.

825

2.

273

3.

100

4.

73

5.

8

0

0

0

0

0

C

C

C

C

C

6.

C

C

C

C

10. -273 0 C

-23

0

7.

-58

0

8.

-100

0

9.

-245

0

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KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION Convert these temperatures from Kelvin to Celsius 1. 514 K

Convert these temperatures from Kelvin to Celsius

1. 514 K

2. 428 K

3. 316 K

4. 273 K

5. 245 K

6. 167 K

7. 100 K

8. 73 K

9. 58 K

10. 24 K

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THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

Also known as the Celsius Scale

THE CENTIGRADE SCALE Also known as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT

TWO FIXED POINTS

SCALE Also known as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT Temperature of

ICE POINT

STEAM POINT

Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm.as the Celsius Scale TWO FIXED POINTS ICE POINT STEAM POINT Assigned a value of 0

POINT STEAM POINT Temperature of pure melting ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0

Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius.

Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm.ice at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 0 degrees Celsius. Assigned a value of 100

Celsius. Temperature of steam from boiling water at 1 atm. Assigned a value of 100 degrees

Assigned a value of 100 degrees Celsius.

Space between ice point and steam point is divided into 100 equal parts

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USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Know the length at Ice point Know the length at Steam point Find the length
Know the
length at
Ice point
Know the
length at
Steam point
Find the
length at
Unknown
temperature

Using the changes in LENGTH of liquid column to determine TEMPERATURE

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USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Unknown

temperature

in

0 C

=

Length at Unknown temperature

- Length at Ice point

C = Length at Unknown temperature - Length at Ice point Length at Steam point -

Length at Steam point

- Length at Ice point

X100

Using DIRECT PROPORTION as the physical property is proportional to temperature

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GENERAL EQUATION FOR THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

Unknown

temperature

in

0 C

=

X Unknown

temp

- X

Ice point

X X - Steam point Ice point
X
X
-
Steam point
Ice point

X100

X is the physical property which changes with temperature.

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USING PHYSICAL PROPERTY TO CALCULATE TEMPERATURE

Unknown

temperature

in

0 C

=

Length at Unknown temperature

- Length at Ice point

C = Length at Unknown temperature - Length at Ice point Length at Steam point -

Length at Steam point

- Length at Ice point

X100

Using DIRECT PROPORTION as the physical property is proportional to temperature

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KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION

KELVIN-CELSIUS CONVERSION Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius Kelvin to

Absolute Zero = 0 K = - 273 degrees Celsius

Kelvin to Celsius Temperature in Kelvin - 273
Kelvin to Celsius
Temperature in
Kelvin
-
273
Celsius to Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius + 273
Celsius to Kelvin
Temperature in
Degree Celsius
+
273
- 273 Celsius to Kelvin Temperature in Degree Celsius + 273 273 K = 0 degrees

273 K = 0 degrees Celsius

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GENERAL EQUATION FOR THE CENTIGRADE SCALE

Unknown

temperature

in

0 C

=

X Unknown

temp

- X

Ice point

X X - Steam point Ice point
X
X
-
Steam point
Ice point

X100

X is the physical property which changes with temperature.