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TraditionalTraditional NeighborhoodNeighborhood DesignDesign

Traditional Traditional Neighborhood Neighborhood Design Design

TraditionalTraditional NeighborhoodNeighborhood DesignDesign

Traditional Neighborhood Neighborhood Design Design Downtown Concord Proposed Village Center, South Weymouth

Downtown Concord

Neighborhood Neighborhood Design Design Downtown Concord Proposed Village Center, South Weymouth Naval Air Station

Proposed Village Center, South Weymouth Naval Air Station

Source: MA Smart Growth Toolkit - Traditional Neighborhood Development, 2007

TraditionalTraditional NeighborhoodNeighborhood DevelopmentDevelopment

• Also known as New Urbanism, village-style development, or neo-traditional planning.

• Uses traditional cities, town centers, villages as a model for the future.

• Builds Community - Community-Oriented Design.

• Balances public and private space to enhance identity and value.

• Vibrant Neighborhood Districts

• Mixed Uses in a compact area is extremely important:

- Normally 3 or more major uses - residential, retail/restaurants/services, office, municipal, arts/cultural, recreation, entertainment, and other civic and institutional uses.

ion, entertainment, and other civic and institutional uses. • Uses existing infrastructure. • Compatible

• Uses existing infrastructure.

• Compatible architecture.

• Transit oriented development where possible.

• Reduces sprawl and related costs.

• Potential to reduce auto ownership.

• Reduce vehicle trips and commute times.

• Mix of housing types and costs.

• Increases affordability.

• Promotes walkability.

• Promotes health and safety.

Source: MA Smart Growth Toolkit - Traditional Neighborhood Development, 2007

MASHPEE, MA

safety. Source: MA Smart Growth Toolkit - Traditional Neighborhood Development, 2007 M A S H P
MASHPEE, MA 3
MASHPEE, MA

MASHPEE, MA

Is Is New New Downtown Downtown Commercial Commercial Zoning Zoning District District needed? needed? 4

IsIs NewNew DowntownDowntown CommercialCommercial ZoningZoning DistrictDistrict needed?needed?

ReasonsReasons forfor NewNew DowntownDowntown CommercialCommercial ZoningZoning DistrictDistrict

DowntownDowntown CoreCoreisis unlikeunlike otherother portiportionsons ofof CommercialCommercial II ZoningZoning DistrictDistrict

– Should have different allowed by-right uses

– Should have different dimensional requirements

TraditionalTraditional NeighborhoodNeighborhood DevelopmentDevelopment

EncourageEncourage mixmix ofof retailretail andand restaurantsrestaurants onon firstfirst floor,floor, andand officeoffice andand residentialresidential usesuses inin upperupper storiesstories

ProvideProvide byby--rightright transittransit--oriented,oriented, mixedmixed--useuse developmentdevelopment inin FranklinFranklinss DowntownDowntown CoreCore

– Remove the cost and uncertainty of obtaining Special Permits in Downtown Core for mixed use development.

– If mixed use development is allowed by right, there should be specific parking requirements

CommunityCommunity RevitalizationRevitalization

– Economic Viability of Downtown

Housing EncourageEncourage mixmix ofof retailretail andand restaurantsrestaurants onon firstfirst floor,floor, andand
Housing
EncourageEncourage mixmix ofof retailretail
andand restaurantsrestaurants onon firstfirst
floor,floor, andand officeoffice andand
residentialresidential usesuses inin
upperupper storiesstories
Office/Housing
Retail
Parking

RoadsideRoadside DesignDesign

DimensionalDimensional RequirementsRequirements

SetbacksSetbacks

Current Downtown Triangle Front Setbacks

26.25’ 23.33’ 7.33’ 15.75’ 1 12.25’ 5 . 9.75’ 0’ 6
26.25’
23.33’
7.33’
15.75’
1
12.25’
5
.
9.75’
0’
6

Current New Structure Front Setbacks in Downtown Triangle

20’ 20’ 7.33’ 15.75’ 1 12.25’ 5 . 9.75’ 0’ 7
20’
20’
7.33’
15.75’
1
12.25’
5
.
9.75’
0’
7
Structure Front Setbacks in Downtown Triangle 20’ 20’ 7.33’ 15.75’ 1 12.25’ 5 . 9.75’ 0’
Smart Growth Illustrated, Pictures Eighth & Pearl, Boulder, Colorado 8
Smart Growth Illustrated, Pictures Eighth & Pearl, Boulder, Colorado
Smart Growth Illustrated, Pictures
Eighth & Pearl, Boulder, Colorado

RoadsideRoadside DesignDesign

• Roadside zones

• Public places

• Placement of roadside facilities

• Public art

• Sidewalk width and function

• Pedestrian buffers

• Sidewalk/driveway/alley crossings

• Street furniture

• Utilities

• Landscaping/street trees

Street furniture • Utilities • Landscaping/street trees Source: ITE CNU Street Design Workshop, Boulder CO, Nov.

Source: ITE CNU Street Design Workshop, Boulder CO, Nov. 16, 2006

RoadsideRoadside DesignDesign RoadsideRoadside zones:zones: – Edge Zone – Furnishings Zone – Throughway Zone
RoadsideRoadside DesignDesign
RoadsideRoadside zones:zones:
– Edge Zone
– Furnishings Zone
– Throughway Zone (ADA)
– Frontage Zone
FunctionFunction andand dimensionsdimensions
varyvary byby ContextContext ZoneZone andand
AdjacentAdjacent LandLand UseUse
FurnishingsFurnishings ZoneZone InIn CommercialCommercial ContextContext Source: http://ite.org/css/ 10
FurnishingsFurnishings ZoneZone InIn CommercialCommercial ContextContext Source: http://ite.org/css/
FurnishingsFurnishings ZoneZone
InIn CommercialCommercial ContextContext
Source: http://ite.org/css/

DimensionalDimensional RequirementsRequirements

LotLot CoverageCoverage

Building Envelope in Current CI District 15’ 15’ 0’ 0’ 0’ 0’ 55 West 51
Building Envelope in Current CI District
15’
15’
0’
0’
0’
0’
55 West
51 West
Central Street
Central Street
16,300 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
19,600 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
20’
20’
5
Building Envelope in Proposed DC District 15’ 15’ 5’ 5’ 5’ 5’ 55 West 51
Building Envelope in Proposed DC District
15’
15’
5’
5’
5’
5’
55 West
51 West
Central Street
Central Street
15,700 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
19,000 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
5’
5’
4
Alternative Building Envelope in Proposed DC District 15’ 15’ 0’ 0’ 0’ 0’ 55 West
Alternative Building Envelope in Proposed DC District
15’
15’
0’
0’
0’
0’
55 West
51
West
Central Street
Central Street
17,750 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
20,000 s.f. Total
Buildable Area
5
5’
5’
6

DimensionalDimensional RequirementsRequirements

Shadows,Shadows, BuildingBuilding Height,Height, EnclosureEnclosure

Digital Model of the Current Downtown 1
Digital Model of the Current Downtown
1
3 Stories or 40 Feet By-Right in Proposed DC District 2
3 Stories or 40 Feet By-Right in Proposed DC District
2
5 Stories or 60 Feet by Special Permit in Current CI District 3
5 Stories or 60 Feet by Special Permit in Current CI District
3

SummarySummary ofof IssuesIssues wherewhere ConsensusConsensus waswas reachedreached

• Does Franklin need a new Downtown Commercial Zoning District? (no solid consensus)

• Use Regulations Changes? Residential: No single family. Allow residential in upper floors. Commercial: Some minor changes in use: Filing station; garden center Allow service businesses and professional uses on all floors.

By Right Mixed Use?

(most appear in favor)

• Dimensional Requirements Lot Dimensions: Keep the same except change Depth to 50 feet

Setbacks: Front 5’ setback on 1 st floor. Side 0’ Rear 15’

Coverage: Buildings

Height: Stories/Ft. By Right 3 Stories (no change) Special Permit: 4th Floor May be granted by Planning Board SP Parking Requirements:

Residential: 1.5 spaces per housing unit. Commercial: 0 (No change) Mixed Use Only?

Pavement

(no solid consensus)