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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

1.

2.

3.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(a)

Draw the schematic diagram of basic digital control scheme and explain the same.

With suitable diagram explain the weighted resistor digital to analog con-

[5+5+6]

verter.

Find the Z-transform of the following:

2

i. f(t) = t ,

ii. f(t) =e αt sinωt

What are the popular methods are used to ﬁnd the inverse z-transform? Ex-

plain brieﬂy each of them.

Find Y (z) for the sampled-data closed-loop system of Figure 1.

[8+8] 4.

5.

6.

Figure 1:

Determine the pulse transfer function of two cascaded systems, each described by the diﬀerence equation

[8+8]

y (k) = 0.5y(k-1) + r(k).

Compare the characteristics of time-domain responses of continuous - time and

discrete - time systems.

Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given by

GH ( z ) =

(b)



0.

0952Kz

905) . Draw the Nyquist plot and determine its stability. 

(z

1)(z 0.

(a) Explain the design procedure of digital controller through bilinear transfor- mation.

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 1

[8+8]

7. Find state model for the following diﬀerence equation. Obtain diﬀerent canonical forms. Also draw state diagram for each.

(b) Explain the digital PID controllers.

y(k+3) + 5y(k+2) + 7y(k+1) + 3y(k) = 0



8. (a) Develop relationship between controllability, observability and transfer func- tions.

(b) Consider a discrete linear discrete - data control system, whose input - output relation is described by the diﬀerence equation y(k+2)+2y(k+1)+y(k)=u(k+1)+u(k). Test for state controllable and output

[6+10]

controllable.

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

1. What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? Explain each of them.

What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this?

2. Find the Z-transform of the following:

2

i. f(t) = t ,

ii. f(t) =e αt sinωt

(b)

What are the popular methods are used to ﬁnd the inverse z-transform? Ex-

plain brieﬂy each of them.

[8+8]

3. Explain the procedure for obtaining the pulse transfer function of a closed

loop transfer function.

Find Y(z) /R(z) for the following sample-data closed - lo op systems shown in

Figure 1.

[6+10]

(a)

(b) Figure 1:

4. The block diagram of a discrete - data control system is shown in Figure 2, in which

G p ( s ) =

the system. Find c max and the sampling instant at which it occurs. 

2

s +2 and T = 1.0 sec. Compute and plot the unit step response c (t) of

s 2 +

5. Sketch the root locus of a digital system indicating all the component information



6. Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. Also the design proce-

on the root loci, given with G ( z ) =

K (z 2 +0. 5z +0. 2)

(z 1)(z 2 z +0. 5) .

dure of PID controller.



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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 2 Figure 2:

7. The pulse transfer function of digital control systems is given by G (z ) =

5z

z

2 +3z +2

Obtain a state space representation for the system. Find the complete solution to

a unit step input and assume that, the initial conditions are zero.



 8. (a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) C(k) = DX (k) to be observable. (b) Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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[10+6]

Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

1. What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? Explain each of them.

What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this?

2. Determine the z-transform of the following sequence:

f ( k ) =

1 k = 0 , and even integers.

- 1 k = odd integers.

(b)

Solve the following diﬀerence equation by using z-transform method

c(k+2)-0.1c(k+1)-0.2c(k) = r(k+1)+r(k)

the initial conditions are c(0)=0, c(1)=1. and r(k)=u (k).

[8+8]

3. The block diagram representation of digital control system is given in the Figure 1.

s Figure 1:

Using Jury’s criterion, ﬁnd the range of values of K for which the system is stable.



4. Consider the closed - loop transfer function of the system is given by

C (z )

R(z

)

0.

4986(z +0. 7453)

z

2 1. 262z +0. 5235

=

Draw the pole - zero conﬁgurations of the given system. Also ﬁnd the maximum

overshoot and peak time.

5. Draw root locus in the z-plane for the system shown in Figure 2 for 0 < K < .



Consider the sampling period T = 1 sec.



6. Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. Also the design proce-

dure of PID controller.



7. Find state model for the following diﬀerence equation. Obtain diﬀerent canonical forms. Also draw state diagram for each.

y(k+3) + 5y(k+2) + 7y(k+1) + 3y(k) = 0

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Code No: RR420201

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Set No. 3 Figure 2:

 8. (a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) C(k) = DX (k) to be observable. (b) Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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[10+6]

Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

1. With suitable block diagram explain the general sampled data control system.

State and explain the theorem required to satisfy to recover the signal e(t)

from the samples e (t).

[8+8]

(a)

(b)

2. Given that the z-transform G ( z ) =

(a)

(b)

i. F ( s ) = 2(s +1)

s

(s

+5)

ii. f(t) =te t

z

(z 0. 2)

4(z 0. 8)(z 1)

. Find the sequence g(kT).

[8+8]

3. Consider the sample- data system shown in Figure 1 and assume its sampling period

is 0.4 Sec. Figure 1:

Find the range of K, so that the closed - loop system for which stable.



4. The closed loop transfer function for the digital control system is given as

C (z )

R(z ) =

0.

5z 2

z

2 z +0. 5

. Find the maximum overshoot and the normalized peak time

T max /T of the step response.



5. The open loop transfer function of a unity - feedback digital control system is given

as G ( z ) =

important information on the root loci.

Kz

0. 5) . Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < . Indicate all



(z

1)(z

6. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 2. Design a com- pensator D(z) to meet the following speciﬁcations:

 (a) Velocity error constant, K v ≥ 4 Sec., (b) Phase margin ≥ 40 0 and (c) band width =1.5 rad./sec. 

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 4 Figure 2:

7. The pulse transfer function of a digital control system is given by

Y ( z )

R(z

)

z 3 +2z 2 + z +2

z

3 +3z 2 +2z +1

=

obtain a state space representation for the system and draw the state diagram.

Also obtain the pulse transfer matrix.



 8. (a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) C(k) = DX (k) to be observable. (b) Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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[10+6]