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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

1.

2.

3.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(a)

Explain clearly the advantages and disadvantages of digital control systems.

Draw the schematic diagram of basic digital control scheme and explain the same.

With suitable diagram explain the weighted resistor digital to analog con-

[5+5+6]

verter.

Find the Z-transform of the following:

2

i. f(t) = t ,

ii. f(t) =e αt sinωt

What are the popular methods are used to find the inverse z-transform? Ex-

plain briefly each of them.

Find Y (z) for the sampled-data closed-loop system of Figure 1.

[8+8]

for the sampled-data closed-loop system of Figure 1. [8+8] 4. 5. 6. Figure 1: Determine the

4.

5.

6.

Figure 1:

Determine the pulse transfer function of two cascaded systems, each described by the difference equation

[8+8]

y (k) = 0.5y(k-1) + r(k).

Compare the characteristics of time-domain responses of continuous - time and

discrete - time systems.

Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given by

GH ( z ) =

(b)

[16]

0.

0952Kz

905) . Draw the Nyquist plot and determine its stability. [16]

(z

1)(z 0.

(a) Explain the design procedure of digital controller through bilinear transfor- mation.

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 1

[8+8]

7. Find state model for the following difference equation. Obtain different canonical forms. Also draw state diagram for each.

(b) Explain the digital PID controllers.

y(k+3) + 5y(k+2) + 7y(k+1) + 3y(k) = 0

[16]

8. (a) Develop relationship between controllability, observability and transfer func- tions.

(b) Consider a discrete linear discrete - data control system, whose input - output relation is described by the difference equation y(k+2)+2y(k+1)+y(k)=u(k+1)+u(k). Test for state controllable and output

[6+10]

controllable.

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

1. What are the different types of sampling operations? Explain each of them.

What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this?

Explain the advantages and disadvantages of digital control systems.[6+5+5]

2. Find the Z-transform of the following:

2

i. f(t) = t ,

ii. f(t) =e αt sinωt

(b)

What are the popular methods are used to find the inverse z-transform? Ex-

plain briefly each of them.

[8+8]

3. Explain the procedure for obtaining the pulse transfer function of a closed

loop transfer function.

Find Y(z) /R(z) for the following sample-data closed - lo op systems shown in

Figure 1.

[6+10]

(a)

(b)

closed - lo op systems shown in Figure 1. [6+10] (a) (b) Figure 1: 4. The

Figure 1:

4. The block diagram of a discrete - data control system is shown in Figure 2, in which

G p ( s ) =

the system. Find c max and the sampling instant at which it occurs. [16]

2

s +2 and T = 1.0 sec. Compute and plot the unit step response c (t) of

s 2 +

5. Sketch the root locus of a digital system indicating all the component information

[16]

6. Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. Also the design proce-

on the root loci, given with G ( z ) =

K (z 2 +0. 5z +0. 2)

(z 1)(z 2 z +0. 5) .

dure of PID controller.

[16]

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Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 2

Code No: RR420201 campusexpress.co.in Set No. 2 Figure 2: 7. The pulse transfer function of digital

Figure 2:

7. The pulse transfer function of digital control systems is given by G (z ) =

5z

z

2 +3z +2

Obtain a state space representation for the system. Find the complete solution to

a unit step input and assume that, the initial conditions are zero.

[16]

8.

(a)

Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system

 

X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k)

C(k) = DX (k) to be observable.

 

(b)

Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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[10+6]

Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

1. What are the different types of sampling operations? Explain each of them.

What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this?

Explain the advantages and disadvantages of digital control systems.[6+5+5]

2. Determine the z-transform of the following sequence:

f ( k ) =

1 k = 0 , and even integers.

- 1 k = odd integers.

(b)

Solve the following difference equation by using z-transform method

c(k+2)-0.1c(k+1)-0.2c(k) = r(k+1)+r(k)

the initial conditions are c(0)=0, c(1)=1. and r(k)=u (k).

[8+8]

3. The block diagram representation of digital control system is given in the Figure 1.

s

of digital control system is given in the Figure 1. s Figure 1: Using Jury’s criterion,

Figure 1:

Using Jury’s criterion, find the range of values of K for which the system is stable.

[16]

4. Consider the closed - loop transfer function of the system is given by

C (z )

R(z

)

0.

4986(z +0. 7453)

z

2 1. 262z +0. 5235

=

Draw the pole - zero configurations of the given system. Also find the maximum

overshoot and peak time.

5. Draw root locus in the z-plane for the system shown in Figure 2 for 0 < K < .

[16]

Consider the sampling period T = 1 sec.

[16]

6. Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. Also the design proce-

dure of PID controller.

[16]

7. Find state model for the following difference equation. Obtain different canonical forms. Also draw state diagram for each.

y(k+3) + 5y(k+2) + 7y(k+1) + 3y(k) = 0

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[16]

Code No: RR420201

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Set No. 3

Code No: RR420201 campusexpress.co.in Set No. 3 Figure 2: 8. (a) Derive the necessary condition for

Figure 2:

8.

(a)

Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) C(k) = DX (k) to be observable.

(b)

Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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[10+6]

Code No: RR420201

campusexpress.co.in

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplementary Examinations, June 2007 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours

Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

Max Marks: 80

1. With suitable block diagram explain the general sampled data control system.

State and explain the theorem required to satisfy to recover the signal e(t)

from the samples e (t).

[8+8]

(a)

(b)

2. Given that the z-transform G ( z ) =

(a)

(b)

i. F ( s ) = 2(s +1)

s

(s

+5)

ii. f(t) =te t

z

(z 0. 2)

4(z 0. 8)(z 1)

. Find the sequence g(kT).

[8+8]

3. Consider the sample- data system shown in Figure 1 and assume its sampling period

is 0.4 Sec.

shown in Figure 1 and assume its sampling period is 0.4 Sec. Figure 1: Find the

Figure 1:

Find the range of K, so that the closed - loop system for which stable.

[16]

4. The closed loop transfer function for the digital control system is given as

C (z )

R(z ) =

0.

5z 2

z

2 z +0. 5

. Find the maximum overshoot and the normalized peak time

T max /T of the step response.

[16]

5. The open loop transfer function of a unity - feedback digital control system is given

as G ( z ) =

important information on the root loci.

Kz

0. 5) . Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < . Indicate all

[16]

(z

1)(z

6. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 2. Design a com- pensator D(z) to meet the following specifications:

(a)

Velocity error constant, K v 4 Sec.,

(b)

Phase margin 40 0 and

(c)

band width =1.5 rad./sec.

[16]

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Code No: RR420201

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Set No. 4

Code No: RR420201 campusexpress.co.in Set No. 4 Figure 2: 7. The pulse transfer function of a

Figure 2:

7. The pulse transfer function of a digital control system is given by

Y ( z )

R(z

)

z 3 +2z 2 + z +2

z

3 +3z 2 +2z +1

=

obtain a state space representation for the system and draw the state diagram.

Also obtain the pulse transfer matrix.

[16]

8.

(a)

Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system

 

X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k)

C(k) = DX (k) to be observable.

 

(b)

Investigate the controllability and observability of the digital system.

X(k + 1) = 1 1 1 X ( k ) + 0 u (k ) and y(k) = [1 1] X(k)

0

1

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