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Assignment: Problem and Solution of Dusty environment and Air pollution in Quetta.

Submitted by:

Akhtar Mohammad

Class: 1 st Semester MSEMP 2011

Background:

Balochistan covers 43% area of Pakistan. Quetta valley is a capital of Balochistan and surrounded by Qoh-e-Chiltan, Qoh-e-Murdar, Qoh-e-Takato, Qoh-e-Zarghoon and others. The Quetta terrain greater part is consisting of rocks (mountainous and lies an altitude of 1605 meters (5260 ft) above sea level. It is

a small city by area but having more than 3 Million habitants which is also a

major source of pollution problem. Quetta climate is quite different from rest of

the country. It gets quite dusty during the dry season, being an arid zone rain fall

is very low in this region. Temperature can rise up to 40 degrees centigrade in

summers while evenings are cooler and in winter temperature goes down to -10 degrees centigrade.

Presently, Quetta city is receiving extreme cold which does not allow smoke and air pollution to disperse and in the morning and evening time, citizens have to suffer difficulty in heaving sigh. Which caused rise in air pollution in the city, difficulties in heaving sigh due to Co2 and other gases, fine particles in air present a number of safety issues

Dusty Environment Problems

Internal combustion engine, fuel suppliers, refineries, and other industriespresent a number of safety issues Dusty Environment Problems release HC. Citizens have to suffer difficulty

release HC.

Citizens have to suffer difficulty in heaving sigh due to Co2 which is beingfuel suppliers, refineries, and other industries release HC. produced by heavy vehicles, bricks Ovens, iron and

produced by heavy vehicles, bricks Ovens, iron and plastic industries.

Carbon dioxide contribute to Global Warmingheavy vehicles, bricks Ovens, iron and plastic industries. Co2 and Hydrocarbons (HC) can cause headache, drowsiness,

Co2 and Hydrocarbons (HC) can cause headache, drowsiness, andindustries. Carbon dioxide contribute to Global Warming blurred vision. Urbanization is one of major problem which

blurred vision.

Urbanization is one of major problem which cause dusty environment(HC) can cause headache, drowsiness, and blurred vision. Unstructured and narrow roads are contributing in air

Unstructured and narrow roads are contributing in air pollution.is one of major problem which cause dusty environment Inhabitants who are leaving near hilly sides

Inhabitants who are leaving near hilly sides are suffering from stoneproblem which cause dusty environment Unstructured and narrow roads are contributing in air pollution. crusher plants.

crusher plants.

Unplanned residential areas (encroached land) which are mainly constructed in hurry and without taking any consent from QMC.Poor quality road construction. Digging of road is undertaken just after repair or construction of

Poor quality road construction.in hurry and without taking any consent from QMC. Digging of road is undertaken just after

Digging of road is undertaken just after repair or construction of road by other department which shows lacking of coordination among PTCL, BDA, B&R and other development agencies.taking any consent from QMC. Poor quality road construction. Deforestation is also playing major role in

Deforestation is also playing major role in making environment dusty and polluted.among PTCL, BDA, B&R and other development agencies. Low rainfall cause desertification which is main source

Low rainfall cause desertification which is main source of dusty environment.playing major role in making environment dusty and polluted. Dusty environment solution Take mask when going

Dusty environment solution

Take mask when going outsidemain source of dusty environment. Dusty environment solution Encourage plantation everywhere in the city Encourage those

Encourage plantation everywhere in the cityDusty environment solution Take mask when going outside Encourage those plant spices which require less quantity

Encourage those plant spices which require less quantity of water or can survive just on raingoing outside Encourage plantation everywhere in the city Construct wide, high quality and durable road structure

Construct wide, high quality and durable road structurerequire less quantity of water or can survive just on rain Repair broken roads Intercity stone

Repair broken roadsrain Construct wide, high quality and durable road structure Intercity stone crusher plants installation should be

Intercity stone crusher plants installation should be bannedhigh quality and durable road structure Repair broken roads Buss stand, track stand and warehouse should

Buss stand, track stand and warehouse should be shifted from residential area of the city in order to overcome the traffic load and air pollution, and to maintain traffic of light vehicles, and to minimize road destruction.Intercity stone crusher plants installation should be banned Modifications to automobile engines will reduce HC and

Modifications to automobile engines will reduce HC and Co2traffic of light vehicles, and to minimize road destruction. Ensure and implement building codes. Slum areas

Ensure and implement building codes.Modifications to automobile engines will reduce HC and Co2 Slum areas should be re-planned in order

Slum areas should be re-planned in order for brining all settlements on same building codes.minimize road destruction. Modifications to automobile engines will reduce HC and Co2 Ensure and implement building