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N

Pilot’s Guide KAP 140


Bendix/King®
Autopilot System

Rev. 2 May 02 006-18034-0000


Table of Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
KAP 140 Single Axis Autopilot System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
KAP 140 Two Axis Autopilot System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
KAP 140 Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Autopilot System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
System Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Power Application and Preflight Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
KAP 140 Single Axis Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
System Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Wing Leveler (ROL) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Heading Select (HDG) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Navigation (NAV) Mode Using a DG from HDG Mode
(45° Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Navigation (NAV) Mode Using a DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Approach (APR) Mode Using a DG from HDG Mode
(45° Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Approach (APR) Mode Using a DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Approach (APR) Mode Using an HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Back Course (REV) Mode Using a DG from HDG Mode
(45° Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Back Course (REV) Mode Using a DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Back Course (REV) Mode Using an HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Operations With The KAP 140 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Takeoff And Climb To Assigned Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
GPS Capture Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
GPS Capture Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To LOC Approach
Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To LOC Approach
Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Front Course LOC Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Front Course LOC Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Outbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Outbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Inbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Inbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
KAP 140 Two Axis Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
System Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Vertical Speed (VS) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Altitude Hold (ALT) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Operations With The KAP 140 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Takeoff And Climb To Assigned Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
GPS Capture Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62

Rev. 0
Jun/98 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM i
Table of Contents

GPS Capture Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64


Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To ILS Approach
Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To ILS Approach
Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Front Course ILS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Front Course ILS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Outbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Outbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
Inbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Inbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
KAP 140 Two Axis with Altitude Preselect Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
System Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Vertical Speed (VS) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Altitude Hold (ALT) Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Altitude Alerting and Preselect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Altitude Alerter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Altimeter Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Altitude Preselect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Voice Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Operations With The KAP 140 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Takeoff And Climb To Assigned Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
GPS Capture Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
GPS Capture Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To ILS Approach
Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To ILS Approach
Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Front Course ILS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Front Course ILS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Outbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Outbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Inbound on GPS Approach Using DG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Inbound on GPS Approach Using HSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110
KCS 55A Compass System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
KI 525A Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
Description of Indicator and Display Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
Slaving Meter ( KA 51B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116
KMT 112 Magnetic Slaving Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
KG 102A Directional Gyro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117
Abnormal Circumstances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .119
Flight Procedures with the KCS 55A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
Abnormal Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
Autopilot Malfunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127

Rev. 0
ii KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Jun/98
Introduction

Introduction
The KAP 140 Autopilot System is a Internal monitors keep constant track
rate based digital autopilot system of the KAP 140’s status and provide
offering smooth performance and for automatic shutdown of the
enhanced features found only in autopilot or trim system in the event
more expensive autopilots. The first of a malfunction. In addition to relia-
of its type developed by Honeywell, bility, the KAP 140 is designed to be
this system brings digital technology easily maintained in the field.
and reliability into the light aircraft Qualified Honeywell Service Centers
cockpit. are located around the world to pro-
vide assistance whenever neces-
It is also significant that the KAP 140 sary.
series autopilots have been
designed from their inception to To fully realize the capability of your
interface with the Silver Crown pack- new panel mount digital autopilot
age of products. Consider the system, you must understand the
advantage of having your avionics performance capabilities and basic
working together as an integrated operational requirements of the sys-
system rather than as a group of tem. This pilot’s guide provides
components built by several manu- information to aid in this and is
factures. divided up into six sections. The first
section provides general familiariza-
Your new KAP 140 roll axis features tion of each autopilot system includ-
include wing leveler, heading select, ing the associated panel mounted
and VOR/LOC intercept and track- displays. The second section
ing. The KAP 140 can also be cou- describes the KAP 140 Single Axis
pled to GPS and RNAV receivers as Autopilot System. The third section
well. Roll rate information is derived describes the KAP 140 Two Axis
from the turn coordinator. Pitch axis Autopilot System. The fourth section
features include vertical speed, describes the KAP 140 Two
glideslope and altitude hold along Axis/Altitude Preselect Autopilot
with the optional altitude preselect. System. The fifth section describes
Pitch information is derived from a the optional KCS 55A slaved com-
pressure sensor and accelerometer. pass system. The Sixth section
The KAP 140 Autopilot System oper- describes abnormal procedures.
ates independent of the aircraft’s
artificial horizon. Therefore, the
autopilot retains roll stabilization and
all vertical modes in the event of vac-
uum system failure.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 1
Introduction

General Description
KAP 140 Single Axis KAP 140 Two Axis/Altitude
Autopilot System Preselect Autopilot System
The KAP 140 Single Axis system is The KAP 140 Two Axis system pro-
an entry level digital panel-mount vides both lateral and vertical modes
autopilot, offering lateral modes only with altitude preselect.
with an electric trim option.
D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 E 6 E
12 12
GS GS GS GS
3

3
15

15
N

N
S

S
33

33
21

21
30 24 30 24
W W

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 KFC 140 ARM BARO

UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

KAP 140 Two Axis


Autopilot System
The KAP 140 Two Axis system pro-
vides both lateral and vertical
modes.

D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR

L R
2 MIN.
NO PITCH
INFORMATION

N 3
GS 33 GS
6
30

E
W

12
24

15
21 S

G
KAP 140

UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Rev. 1
2 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Introduction

KAP 140 KAP 140 KAP 140


Two Axis Alt. Two Axis Single Axis
Preselect
HSI Optional Optional Optional
DG Standard Standard Standard
Turn Coordinator Standard Standard Standard
Automatic Electric Elevator Trim Optional Optional
Manual Electric Trim Optional Optional

FUNCTIONS/MODES
ALT Hold (ALT) Yes Yes
ALT Preselect/ALERT Yes
Heading Select (HDG) Yes Yes Yes
NAV (VOR/RNAV/GPS) Yes Yes Yes
Approach (APR) Yes Yes Yes
Glideslope (GS) Yes Yes
Back Course (REV) Yes Yes Yes
Control Wheel Steering (CWS) Optional Optional Optional
Vertical Speed Hld Yes Yes
Auto Capture Yes Yes Yes
Auto Track Yes Yes Yes
All Angle Intercept Standard (with Standard (with Standard (with
DG or optional DG or optional DG or optional
HSI) HSI) HSI)
Auto 45-degree Intercept Standard Standard Standard
(with DG only) (with DG only) (with DG only)

TEST
Manual and Auto Trim Monitor Both Both Both
Acceleration Monitor Yes Yes

KAP 140 System Capabilities

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 3
Introduction

System Integration
The individual system diagrams on
pages 5, 6, and 7 show the compo-
nents and their relationship in typical
KAP 140 Single Axis, KAP 140 Two
Axis, and KAP 140 Two Axis/Altitude
Preselect systems. The actual com-
ponents on individual systems may
vary slightly in order to optimize cer-
tification and installation require-
ments.

Each system has a number of


inputs: sensor outputs are shown in
red; combination inputs are shown in
blue; display outputs are shown in
orange; and aircraft control shown in
green. The systems diagrams
reflect that the KAP 140 systems
control both pitch and roll axes of the
aircraft.

Rev. 1
4 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Introduction

VOR/LOC/
Baro RNAV/ Encoding
Setting GPS Altimeter KC 140 Two Axis with
Deviation Altitude Preselect
Glideslope Middle Static Computer/Controller/
Deviation Marker Pressure Annunciator
contains computer
D.C. ELEC. functions, mode
G
control buttons,
TURN COORDINATOR KFC 140 ARM BARO
TRIM and annunciations
UP
FAIL
L R AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN in a single unit. Also
2 MIN.
NO PITCH
INFORMATION
contains static pressure
sensor and accelerometer.
Turn Coordinator

KS 271C Roll Servo


AIR

N
33 3
N
33 3
N
30

TO
6

A
V
30

GS
W

E
W

FR
12
24

24

12

15
21 S 21 15
OBS S
PUSH ı
US
P

Directional Gyro KI 204 or other Course KS 270C Pitch Servo


Deviation Indicator
(not included)

OR
KG102A KS 272C Pitch Trim Servo
Slaved DG
NAV HDG
N 3
33
GS GS
6
30

305
KCS
E
W

ı
12
24

15
21 S

KI 525A Pictorial KMT 112 Autopilot


Navigation Indicator Flux Detector Disconnect/
Trim Interrupt

- +

AUTO MAN

KCS 55A Slaved


CCW CW
Compass System
(Optional)
KA 51B
Slaving Accessory
Control Manual
WheelSteering Electrical Trim
(optional)

KAP 140 Two Axis/Altitude Preselect System Diagram


Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 7
Introduction

Power Application and Preflight Tests


G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

KAP 140 Preflight Test


G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

KAP 140 Preflight Test Complete


A preflight test is performed For two-axis units only:
upon power application to the com-
puter. This test is a sequence of NOTE: Following the preflight test,
internal checks that validate proper the red P warning on the face of the
system operation prior to allowing autopilot may illuminate indicating
autopilot engagement. The preflight that the pitch axis cannot be
test (PFT) sequence is indicated by engaged. This condition should be
“PFT” with an increasing number for temporary, lasting no more than 30
the sequence steps. Successful seconds. The P will extinguish and
completion of self test is identified by normal operation will be available.
all display segments being illumi-
NOTE: The red P warning may illu-
nated (Display Test) and the discon-
minate when the autopilot is not
nect tone sounding.
engaged. This can occur when
autopilot G limits have been
exceeded during turbulence or air-
craft maneuvering. Autopilot
engagement is locked out during red
P illumination.

If power to the autopilot is cycled in


flight (i.e. through the autopilot circuit
breaker for instance) it is possible
that a 5 minute delay may be neces-
sary prior to autopilot engagement to
allow the pitch axis accelerometer
circuit to stabilize. Engagement prior
to stabilization may result in mildly
erratic pitch axis behavior.
Rev. 1
8 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation
System Operating Modes
G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Wing Leveler (ROL) Mode


D.C. ELEC. In the roll mode, the autopilot
maintains wings level flight.

TURN COORDINATOR 1. Engage autopilot - Press AP.


For software version 03/01 and later,
the AP button must be pressed and
L R held for 0.25 seconds to engage the
2 MIN.
autopilot.
NO PITCH
INFORMATION NOTE: The KAP 140 engages into
ROL mode as a default.

Rev. 2
12 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM May/02
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Heading Select (HDG) Mode


D.C. ELEC. In the heading mode, the
autopilot will fly a selected heading.
The following steps should be taken
TURN COORDINATOR
to operate in the heading mode:

1. Move the heading “bug” to


L R the desired heading on the DG or
2 MIN.
HSI using the Heading Select knob.
NO PITCH
INFORMATION 2. Engage autopilot - Press AP.
For software version 03/01 and later,
the AP button must be pressed and
held for 0.25 seconds to engage the
N autopilot.
3
33
3. Depress the HDG button on
6
30

the KAP 140 to engage the heading


E
W

select mode. The autopilot will turn


the aircraft in the shortest direction
12
24

to intercept and fly the heading.


15
21 S

PUSH
US
4. If you move the heading
P

“bug” again while the heading select


mode is engaged, the autopilot will
immediately turn the aircraft in the
direction of the newly selected head-
ing.
N 3
33 5. Press HDG button again and
GS GS
the autopilot will return to the ROL
30

mode.
E
W

12
24

15
21 S

Rev. 2
May/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 13
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Navigation (NAV) Mode Using a


DG from HDG Mode
D.C. ELEC.
(45° Intercept)
In the navigation (NAV) mode,
TURN COORDINATOR the autopilot intercepts and tracks
VOR/RNAV and GPS courses.

L R
To arm NAV mode (with the
KAP 140 currently in the HDG
2 MIN.
mode):
NO PITCH
INFORMATION

1. Select the desired frequency for


VOR or RNAV. For GPS, verify
the desired waypoint or destina-
6
tion.
3 E
2. OBS Knob - SELECT desired
N

12

course.
33

15

3. NAV Mode Selector Button -


PRESS. Note NAV ARM annunci-
30

W
24
21 ated.

PUSH
US
P

E 12
6 NOTE: When NAV is selected, the
15

N
A
V
TO autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-
3

GS onds to remind the pilot to reset the


S

HDG bug to the OBS course. Check


N

the heading displayed on the DG


21

FR
against the magnetic compass and
33

reset if necessary.
24
OBS
30 W

Rev. 1
14 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

4. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with OBS
course.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to left.


Intercept heading 45° to the left of
selected (heading bug) course.

5. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate NAV
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the HDG
mode will disengage upon select-
ing NAV mode; the NAV annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 15
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Navigation (NAV) Mode Using a


D.C. ELEC.
DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept)
In the navigation (NAV) mode,
TURN COORDINATOR the autopilot intercepts and tracks
VOR/RNAV and GPS courses.

L R To arm NAV mode (with the


KAP 140 currently in the ROL
2 MIN.
mode):
NO PITCH
INFORMATION

1. Maneuver the aircraft to the


desired intercept angle prior to
selecting ROL mode.
6 E 2. Select the desired frequency for
3
VOR or RNAV. For GPS, verify
12

the desired waypoint or destina-


N

15

tion.
33

3. OBS Knob - SELECT desired


30

course.
21
W 24

4. NAV Mode Selector Button -


PUSH
US PRESS. Note NAV ARM annunci-
P

ated.

E 12
6
15

N
A TO
V
3

GS
S

NOTE: When NAV is selected, the


N

21

FR autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-


onds to remind the pilot to reset the
33

24
OBS
30 W HDG bug to the OBS course. Check
ı
the heading displayed on the DG
against the magnetic compass and
reset if necessary.

Rev. 1
16 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

5. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with OBS
course.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to left.


Intercept heading 30° to the left of
selected (heading bug) course.

6. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate NAV
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the ROL
mode will disengage upon select-
ing NAV mode; the NAV annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Note: Intercept angles greater than


45° can result in course overshoot
when close to the station.
Therefore, intercept angles greater
than 45° are not recommended.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 17
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Approach (APR) Mode Using a


D.C. ELEC.
DG from HDG Mode
(45° Intercept)
The Approach (APR) mode
TURN COORDINATOR allows the autopilot to intercept and
track LOC, VOR/RNAV and GPS
courses.
L R
To arm APR mode (with the
2 MIN.
KAP 140 currently in the HDG
NO PITCH
INFORMATION mode):

1. Select the desired frequency for


LOC, VOR or RNAV. For GPS,
6
verify the desired approach.
3 E
2. OBS Knob - SELECT desired
N

12

approach course. (For a localizer,


33

set it to serve as a memory aid.)


15

3. APR Mode Selector Button -


30

W
24
21 PRESS. Note APR ARM annun-
ciated.
PUSH
US
P

E 12
6
15

N
A
V
TO NOTE: When APR is selected, the
3

GS
autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-
S

onds to remind the pilot to reset the


N

HDG bug to the desired approach


21

FR
course. Check the heading dis-
33

24
played on the DG against the mag-
OBS
30 W
netic compass and reset if neces-
ı
sary.

Rev. 1
20 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

4. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with
desired approach course.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to left.


Intercept heading 45° to the left of
selected (heading bug) course.

5. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate APR
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the HDG
mode will disengage upon select-
ing APR mode; the APR annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 21
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Approach (APR) Mode Using a


D.C. ELEC.
DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept)
The Approach (APR) mode
TURN COORDINATOR allows the autopilot to intercept and
track LOC, VOR/RNAV and GPS
courses.
L R
To arm APR mode (with the
2 MIN.
KAP 140 currently in the ROL
NO PITCH
INFORMATION mode):

1. Maneuver the aircraft to the


desired intercept angle prior to
6 E
selecting ROL mode.
3
2. Select the desired frequency for
12

LOC, VOR or RNAV. For GPS,


N

15

verify the desired approach.


33

3. OBS Knob - SELECT desired


30

21
W 24 approach course. (For a localizer,
set it to serve as a memory aid.)
PUSH
US 4. APR Mode Selector Button -
P

PRESS. Note APR ARM annun-


ciated.
E 12
6
15

N
A TO
V
3

GS
S
N

21

FR NOTE: When APR is selected, the


autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-
33

24
OBS
30 W onds to remind the pilot to reset the
ı
HDG bug to the desired approach
course. Check the heading dis-
played on the DG against the mag-
netic compass and reset if neces-
sary.
Rev. 1
22 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

5. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with
desired approach course.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to left.


Intercept heading 30° to the left of
selected (heading bug) course.

6. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate APR
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the ROL
mode will disengage upon select-
ing APR mode; the APR annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Note: Intercept angles greater than


45° can result in course overshoot
when close to the station.
Therefore, intercept angles greater
than 45° are not recommended.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 23
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Back Course (REV) Mode Using


D.C. ELEC.
a DG from HDG Mode
(45° Intercept)
The Back Course (REV) mode
TURN COORDINATOR allows the autopilot to intercept and
track a localizer back course.

L R To arm REV mode (with the


KAP 140 currently in the HDG
2 MIN.
mode):
NO PITCH
INFORMATION

1. Select the desired frequency for


LOC.
2. OBS Knob - SELECT front
21 24 course inbound heading.
W
S

3. REV Mode Selector Button -


30

PRESS. Note REV ARM annun-


15

ciated.
33
12

E
6 3

PUSH
US
P

E NOTE: When REV is selected, the


6 12
autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-
N
TO onds to remind the pilot to reset the
15
3

A
V
GS
HDG bug to the front course inbound
heading. Check the heading dis-
N

FR
played on the DG against the mag-
33

21

netic compass and reset if neces-


30 24 sary.
OBS W

Rev. 1
26 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

4. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with the
FRONT COURSE inbound head-
ing.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to the


right. Intercept heading 45° to the left
of the back course.

5. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate REV
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the HDG
mode will disengage upon select-
ing REV mode; the REV annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 27
Single Axis Operation

G
KAP 140

AP HDG NAV APR REV

Back Course (REV) Mode Using a


D.C. ELEC.
DG from ROL Mode
(All Angle Intercept)
The Back Course (REV) mode
TURN COORDINATOR allows the autopilot to intercept and
track a localizer back course.

L R To arm REV mode (with the


KAP 140 currently in the ROL
2 MIN.
mode):
NO PITCH
INFORMATION

1. Maneuver the aircraft to the


desired intercept angle prior to
selecting ROL mode.
21 24 2. Select the desired frequency for
S LOC.
W
15

30

3. OBS Knob - SELECT front


course inbound heading.
12

33

N 4. REV Mode Selector Button -


E

6 3
PRESS. Note REV ARM annunci-
ated.
PUSH
US
P

E
6 12

N
TO
15
3

GS
V NOTE: When REV is selected, the
autopilot will flash HDG for 5 sec-
N

onds to remind the pilot to reset the


FR HDG bug to the front course inbound
33

21

heading. Check the heading dis-


played on the DG against the mag-
30 24
OBS W

ı
netic compass and reset if neces-
sary.

Rev. 1
28 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Single Axis Operation

5. Heading Selector Knob -


ROTATE BUG to agree with the
FRONT COURSE inbound head-
ing.

Note Instruments: CDI needle to the


right. Intercept heading 30° to the left
of the back course.

6. If the Course Deviation Bar is


greater than 2 to 3 dots: the
autopilot will annunciate REV
ARM; when the computed capture
point is reached the ARM annun-
ciator will go out and the selected
course will be automatically cap-
tured and tracked. If the D-Bar is
less than 2 to 3 dots: the HDG
mode will disengage upon select-
ing REV mode; the REV annunci-
ator will illuminate and the capture/
track sequence will automatically
begin.

Note: Intercept angles greater than


45° can result in course overshoot
when close to the station.
Therefore, intercept angles greater
than 45° are not recommended.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 29
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

KAP 140 Two Axis with Altitude Preselect Operation


The KAP 140 is a digital, panel-mounted autopilot system for light air-
craft.
17 18 16 15 14

G
KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP
P R

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Two-axis w/Altitude PreSelect 12 11


13
Flight Control Computer
G
KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP

1 P R

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Full KAP 140 Two-Axis with Altitude Preselect Display


1. PITCH AXIS, (P) ANNUNCIATOR and later, the AP button must be
- When illuminated, indicates failure pressed and held for 0.25 seconds
of the pitch axis and will disengage to engage the autopilot.
the autopilot when the failure occurs
and not allow engagement of the 3. ROLL AXIS (R) ANNUNCIATOR
pitch axis. - When illuminated, indicates failure
of the roll axis and will disengage the
2. AUTOPILOT ENGAGE/DISEN- autopilot and not allow engagement.
GAGE (AP) BUTTON - When
pushed, engages autopilot if all logic 4. HEADING (HDG) MODE SELEC-
conditions are met. The autopilot will TOR BUTTON - When pushed, will
engage in the basic roll (ROL) mode arm the Heading mode, which com-
which functions as a wing leveler mands the airplane to turn to and
and in the vertical speed (VS) hold maintain the heading selected by the
mode. The commanded vertical heading bug on either the DG or
speed is be displayed in the upper HSI. A new heading may be
right corner of autopilot display area selected at any time and will result in
for three seconds after engagement the airplane turning to the new head-
or if either the UP or DN button is ing. Button can also be used to tog-
pressed. The captured VS will be the gle between HDG and ROL modes.
vertical speed present at the This button will engage the autopilot
moment of AP button press. When in units with software prior to soft-
pressed again, will disengage the ware version 03/01.
autopilot. For software version 03/01
Rev. 2
May/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 83
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
5. NAVIGATION (NAV) MODE 9. VERTICAL TRIM (UP/DN) BUT-
SELECTOR BUTTON - When TONS - The action of these buttons
pushed, will arm the navigation is dependent upon the vertical mode
mode. The mode provides automatic present when pressed. If VS mode is
beam capture and tracking of VOR, active, the initial button stroke will
LOC or GPS as selected for presen- bring up the commanded vertical
tation on the HSI or CDI. NAV mode speed in the display. Subsequent
is recommended for enroute naviga- immediate button strokes will incre-
tion tracking. NAV mode may also ment the vertical speed commanded
be used for front course LOC track- either up or down at the rate of 100
ing when GS tracking is not desired. ft/min per button press, or at the rate
of approximately 300 ft/min per sec-
6. APPROACH (APR) MODE ond if held continuously. If ALT
SELECTOR BUTTON - When mode is active, incremental button
pushed, will arm the Approach strokes will move the altitude hold
mode. This mode provides auto- reference altitude either up or down
matic beam capture and tracking of at 20 feet per press, or if held contin-
VOR, GPS, LOC, and Glideslope uously will command the airplane up
(GS) on an ILS, as selected for pre- or down at the rate of 500 ft/min,
sentation on the HSI or CDI. APR synchronizing the altitude hold refer-
mode is recommended for instru- ence to the actual airplane altitude
ment approaches. upon button release.

7. BACK COURSE APPROACH (Note that the altitude hold reference


(REV) MODE SELECTOR BUTTON is not displayed. The display will
- When pushed, will arm the Back continue to show the altitude alerter
Course approach mode. This mode reference.)
functions similarly to the approach
mode except that the autopilot 10. ROTARY KNOBS - Used to set
response to LOC signals is the altitude alerter reference altitude;
reversed, and GS is disabled. or may be used immediately after
pressing the BARO button, to adjust
8. ALTITUDE HOLD (ALT) MODE the autopilot baro setting to match
SELECT BUTTON - When pushed, that of the airplane’s altimeter when
will select the Altitude Hold mode. manual adjustment is required. (In
This mode provides tracking of the some installations the baro setting is
reference altitude. The reference alti- automatically synced to that of the
tude is the altitude at the moment altimeter.)
the ALT button is pressed. If the ALT
button is pressed with an established 11. BARO SET (BARO) BUTTON -
VS rate present, there will be altitude When pushed and released, will
overshoot (approximately 10% of the change the display from the altitude
VS rate), with the airplane returned alerter selected altitude to the baro
positively to the reference altitude. setting display (either IN HG or HPA)
This button will engage the autopilot for 3 seconds. If pushed and held for
in units with software prior to soft- 2 seconds, will change the baro set-
ware version 03/01. ting display from IN HG to HPA or
Rev. 1
84 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
vice versa. Once the baro setting reached. Once the selected altitude
display is visible the rotary knobs is reached a flashing ALERT illumi-
may be used to manually adjust the nation signifies that the 200 ft. “safe
baro setting if automatic baro correc- band” has been exceeded and will
tion is not available. remain illuminated until 1000 ft. from
the selected altitude. Associated with
12. ALTITUDE ARM (ARM) BUT- the visual alerting is an aural alert (5
TON - When pushed will toggle alti- short tones) which occurs 1000 feet
tude arming on or off. When ALT from the selected altitude upon
ARM is annunciated, the autopilot approaching the altitude and 200
will capture the altitude alerter dis- feet from the selected altitude on
played altitude (provided the aircraft leaving the altitude.
is climbing or descending in VS to
the displayed altitude). When the 15. PITCH TRIM (PT) ANNUNCIA-
autopilot is engaged, ALT arming is TION - A flashing PT with arrows
automatic upon altitude alerter alti- indicates the direction of required
tude selection via the rotary knobs. pitch trim. A solid PT without an
Note that the alerter functions are arrow head is an indication of a pitch
independent of the arming process trim fault. During manual electric trim
thus providing full time alerting, even operation (autopilot disengaged),
when the autopilot is disengaged. detection of a stuck MET switch will
be indicated by a solid PT. When the
13. ALTITUDE ALERTER/VERTI- fault is corrected, the annunciation
CAL SPEED/BARO SETTING DIS- will extinguish.
PLAY - Normally displays the alti-
tude alerter selected altitude. If the 16. PITCH MODE DISPLAY -
UP or DN button is pushed while in Displays the active and armed pitch
VS hold, the display changes to the modes (VS, ALT, ARM, ALT and
command reference for the VS GS).
mode in FPM for 3 seconds. If the
BARO button is pushed, the display 17. ROLL MODE DISPLAY -
changes to the autopilot baro setting Displays the active and armed roll
in either IN HG or HPA for 3 sec- modes (ROL, HDG, NAV ARM,
onds. NAV, APR ARM, APR, REV ARM,
REV, GS ARM). Also displayed will
NOTE: This display may be dashed be flashing AP annunciation (5 sec-
for up to 3 minutes on start up if a onds) at each autopilot disconnect
blind encoder is installed which accompanied by an aural tone (for 2
requires a warm up period. seconds).
14. ALTITUDE ALERT (ALERT) 18. AUTOPILOT ENGAGED (AP)
ANNUNCIATION - The ALERT ANNUNCIATION - Illuminates when-
annunciate is illuminated 1000 ft. ever the autopilot is engaged.
prior to the selected altitude, extin- Flashes during pilot initiated or auto-
guishes 200 ft. prior to the selected matic disengagement. Only applica-
altitude and illuminates momentarily ble for software versions 03/01 or
when the selected altitude is later.
Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 85
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

System Operating Modes

The lateral modes (HDG, NAV, APR and REV) operate identically as depicted
in the KAP 140 Single Axis Operating Modes section. Please refer to that sec-
tion for text descriptions of lateral mode operation.
G
KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Vertical Speed (VS) Mode changes to VS and current vertical


speed is displayed.
The Vertical Speed (VS) mode
allows variable speed climbs and 2. UP or DN button - Select
descents. The ALT button toggles desired climb or descent rate.
between altitude hold and vertical Each button stroke will increment
speed modes. the vertical speed commanded up
or down by 100 ft/min per button
Note: The KAP 140 engages into VS press, or at the rate of approxi-
mode as a default. mately 300 ft/min per second if
held continuously.
To operate in the VS mode
(with autopilot currently disengaged): Note: VS command value will be dis-
played during Control Wheel
1. AP button - Press. Note ROL, Steering (CWS) and for three sec-
VS and current vertical speed is onds following VS engagement or
displayed. If no other modes are pressing the UP or DN button. Both
selected the autopilot will operate altitude and vertical speed utilize the
same display area. Altitude is always
in the ROL and vertical speed
displayed except during vertical
hold modes. For software version
speed selection. If the VS command
03/01 and later, the AP button
value is not displayed, pressing (and
must be pressed and held for 0.25 releasing) the UP or DN button will
seconds to engage the autopilot. not change the indicated altitude ref-
2. UP or DN button - Select erence but will display the VS com-
desired climb or descent rate. mand value.
Each button stroke will increment
the vertical speed commanded up Note: When operating at or near the
best rate of climb airspeed, at climb
or down by 100 ft/min per button
power settings, and using vertical
press, or at the rate of approxi-
speed hold, it is easy to decelerate
mately 300 ft/min per second if
to an airspeed where continued
held continuously. decreases in airspeed will result in a
To initiate a climb or descent from reduced rate of climb. Continued
Altitude Hold (ALT) mode: operation in vertical speed mode can
result in a stall.
1. ALT button - Press. Note ALT
Rev. 2
86 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM May/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

G
KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Altitude Hold (ALT) Mode


The Altitude Hold (ALT) mode
maintains the pressure altitude
acquired upon selection of altitude
hold. The ALT button toggles
between altitude hold and vertical
speed modes.

To operate in the ALT mode


(with autopilot currently in the
Vertical Speed mode):

1. ALT button - Press. Note ALT


is annunciated and autopilot
maneuvers to maintain pressure
altitude acquired at button selec-
tion.
2. UP or DN button - Select to
change altitude. Incremented but-
ton strokes will move the refer-
ence altitude by 20 feet per press,
or if held continuously will com-
mand a 500 ft/min altitude change,
acquiring a new reference altitude
upon button release.
Note: Incremented altitude changes
should be limited to 500 ft. of
change.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 87
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

Altitude Alerting and Preselect


The Altitude Preselect function allows capturing of a desired altitude and
transferring into altitude hold. Manual input of desired altitude is accomplished
through the rotary knobs on the faceplate of the KAP 140.

The Altitude Alerting function will visually and aurally announce approaching,
acquiring and deviation from a selected altitude.
Altimeter Setting Baro unit conversion
Installations with remote baro The barometric pressure display can
input toggled between IN HG and HPA as
needed by the pilot.
1. BARO setting - CHECK.
depressing the BARO button will 1. BARO button - Press and hold
display the baro setting for three for two seconds.
seconds. G
KFC 140 ARM BARO
G
KFC 140 ARM BARO
UP

UP
AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Installations without remote baro Altitude Alerter


input The function of the Altitude Alerter is
independent of the autopilot.
Upon successful completion of pre-
flight test, the baro display will flash. 1. ALTITUDE SELECT knob -
ROTATE until the desired altitude
1. BARO setting - Enter baromet-
is displayed.
ric setting using the rotary knobs
OR if correct as displayed, press G
KFC 140 ARM BARO

BARO. UP

G AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN


KFC 140 ARM BARO

UP
Note: The ALERT annunciation is
AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN
illuminated 1000 ft. prior to the
selected altitude, extinguishes 200 ft.
Note: It is recommended that the
prior to the selected altitude and illu-
baro value be updated whenever the
minates momentarily when the
aircraft altimeter setting is changed.
selected altitude is reached. Once
the selected altitude is reached, a
flashing ALERT illumination signifies
that the 200 ft. “safe band” has been
exceeded and will remain illuminated
until 1000 ft. from the selected alti-
tude. Associated with the visual
Rev. 1
88 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

alerting is an aural alert (five short Voice Messaging


tones) which occurs 1000 ft. from the
selected altitude upon approaching The following standard voice mes-
the altitude and 200 ft. from the sages will be annunciated as condi-
selected altitude on leaving the alti- tions warrant:
tude.
G
KFC 140 ARM BARO
1. “TRIM IN MOTION, TRIM IN
MOTION…” - Pitch trim running
UP
for more than 5 seconds.
AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

2. “CHECK PITCH TRIM” - An


Altitude Preselect out of trim condition has existed
for 15 seconds.
1. ALTITUDE SELECT knob -
ROTATE until desired altitude is a. Airplane Control Wheel -
displayed. ARM annunciation GRASP FIRMLY, press CWS
occurs automatically upon altitude and check for an out of pitch trim
selection when the autopilot is condition. Manually retrim as
engaged. required.
G
KFC 140 ARM BARO
b. CWS button - RELEASE.
UP c. AUTOPILOT OPERATION -
AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN CONTINUE if satisfied that the
out of trim condition was tempo-
2. Airplane - ESTABLISH desired rary. DISCONTINUE if evidence
vertical speed to intercept the indicates a failure of the auto trim
selected altitude. function.
G
KFC 140 ARM BARO
The following optional voice mes-
sages will be annunciated if the sys-
UP
tem is configured for voice messag-
AP HDG NAV APR REV DN
ALT
ing:

3. Upon altitude capture, ALT 1. “ALTITUDE” - 1000 feet


ARM will extinguish and ALT will before approaching selected alti-
be annunciated. tude.
Note: Altitude preselect captures are 2. “LEAVING ALTITUDE” - 200
not recommended on non-precision feet away, departing selected alti-
approaches to capture the MDA. tude.
Glideslope coupling will preclude an 3. “AUTOPILOT” - Autopilot has
altitude capture on an ILS. disengaged, either through pilot
action or automatically.
G
KFC 140 ARM BARO

UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 89
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
OPERATIONS WITH THE KAP 140
Takeoff And Climb To Assigned Altitude

1 2 3 4

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

E E
6 12 6 E 6 12 6 E
12 12
GS GS GS GS
3

3
3

3
15

15
15

15
N

OR
N
N

OR
S

S
S

S
33

33
33

33
21

21
21

21

30 30
W
24 30 24 W
24 30 24
W W

PUSH PUSH
US
P

US
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

1. The aircraft is well off the ground and estab- 2. The heading bug on the DG or HSI is turned to
lished at a safe climb rate. the new desired heading of 010° and the aircraft
The heading bug on the DG or HSI is turned to begins to respond with an immediate left turn. A
the desired heading of 080° (runway heading). cruise altitude of 7,000 feet is entered using the
rotary knobs. Altitude ARM annunciation occurs
By depressing the HDG button on the KAP 140, automatically upon selection.
the autopilot engages into the heading and ver-
tical speed modes and maintains the selected
heading of 080° and current rate of climb.
Note: Press and hold the AP button for 0.25
seconds to engage the autopilot (applicable
only to software version 03/01 and later).

Rev. 1
90 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

N
1 2 3 4


01
080°

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R

2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

3 6 N 3
3 6 N 3
N 33
33
6

N
E

GS GS GS GS
6
E

30
33

E
12

33

30

OR
12

OR
W
30

12
15

30

12
15

24
W

S 15
W

24

S S
15
24 21 21
24 21 21 S
PUSH
PUSH US
P

US
P

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN DN


AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT

3. The autopilot is responding to the heading select 4. Desired altitude has been reached and auto-
mode with a left bank. The climb rate has been matic altitude capture occurs. The autopilot has
decreased, using the DN button, in preparation completed the turn and is now established on a
for level out. The vertical speed value will be 010° heading.
displayed upon selection of the DN button and
will remain for three seconds.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 91
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
GPS Capture Using DG

* Description of GPS operation based on Bendix/King GPS receiver. Others may


require different operation.

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

E 3 6
N 3 6 12 N 3
N
33 33
E
6

TO TO
15
3

33
30

30

GS GS
E

12
S
N
W

W
12

12

30

15

FR FR
24

24

15 15
21
33

21 S 21 S
S
30 24
OBS OBS
W 24 21
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

1. Continuing on heading 010°, a GPS waypoint is 2. The HDG button is depressed to select ROL
established. A 30° intercept is desired. mode which will allow an “all angle intercept”.
GPS data is selected for the CDI and the OBS is
set to 040°. The NAV button is depressed and
NAV ARM is annunciated. ROL will change to
HDG and flash for five seconds. ROL will then
be redisplayed. While the HDG annunciation is
flashing, move the heading bug to the desired
course of 040°. The aircraft will remain wings
level until the capture point.

Rev. 1
92 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations

2
°
40

010°

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

3 6 3 6
3 3 6
N 6 N N
N
E
E

TO TO
E
33

33

33
33

12

GS GS
12
12
12
30

30

15
30

30
15
W

15
15

FR FR
W

S
24 S
W

21 24 21
S S
OBS OBS
24 21 24 21
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

3. When the computed capture point is reached, 4. The turn is complete and the autopilot is track-
the ROL annunciation changes to NAV and a ing the GPS course.
right turn is initiated by the autopilot.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 93
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
Outbound On Front Course For Procedure Turn To ILS Approach Using DG

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
W 3 E 24 W 3 E
30
24
21
30

N N
TO TO
N

N
12

12
33

A A
21

V V
S

GS GS
33
N
S

33

33
15

15
15

N
3
15

FR FR
12
30

30

3
S

12 6
E E 6
W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

1. The aircraft is heading 270° with heading and 2. When the computed capture point is reached,
altitude hold engaged. To intercept and fly the auto intercept mode is cancelled and reverse
ILS front course outbound, set the front course localizer mode is automatically activated and a
on the OBS and depress the reverse course left turn outbound on the localizer is initiated by
(REV) button. The HDG annunciation will flash the autopilot.
for five seconds then extinguish. While the
HDG annunciation is flashing, move the head-
ing bug to the front course 058°. Since HDG Note: The left-right deviations of the CDI course
was active upon selection of REV the autopilot deviation needle are reversed (you must turn right
will initiate a 45° intercept to the localizer sig- to center a deviation of the index to the left). This
nal. In this case, the aircraft will turn to 283°. needle reversing takes place because you are fly-
ing outbound on a front course.

Rev. 1
96 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations


05

283°

N 270°

1
2

283° 3

103°
4


23

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
W 30 3 E E 12 3 E
33
6
24

15

N N
TO TO
N

N
12

12

A A
V V
N

GS GS
21

S
33

33
15

15
N
3

21
S

FR FR
33
6

30

30

24
15
S

12 E 30 W
W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

3. At the desired point, HDG mode is used to initi- 4. Now you have reset the heading bug to 103°
ate the procedure turn. Select HDG and set the and made a 180° turn to this heading. This
heading bug to 283°. During the procedure turn 103° heading will intercept the front course of
outbound, the CDI course index goes off scale 058°. You must now select the approach mode
to the right. The aircraft is flying away from the by depressing the APR button on the KAP 140.
localizer centerline at a 45° angle on a selected * The HDG annunciation will flash for five sec-
heading of 283°. onds then extinguish. While the HDG annuncia-
tor is flashing, move the heading bug to the
front course 058°. Since the 45° intercept is
103°, the aircraft will not turn until the front
* Check the heading displayed on the DG against course is captured.
the magnetic compass and reset if necessary.
Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 97
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
Front Course ILS Approach Using DG

1 2 3 4

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
6 E 3 E 6 3 E
E
3 3
12

TO TO
12
N

N
12

12
N
N

GS GS
15

15
33
33

33
33

15

15
S

S
30
30

FR FR
30

30

21
S

21
W 24 W 24
W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

1. Continuing the maneuver on page 96, APR cou- 2. The autopilot is following the localizer. At the
pling occurs (HDG annunciation changes to outer marker, the glideslope deviation needle is
APR), and the glideslope mode is automatically at midscale. Altitude hold is automatically disen-
armed. The autopilot will capture the localizer gaged when the glideslope is captured. The ALT
and the CDI course index will center. annunciator extinguishes and GS is displayed.
The autopilot will make pitch and bank changes
as necessary to maintain localizer and glides-
lope.

Rev. 1
100 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations


05

N 090°

4
3

2
1


23

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
6 3 E 6 E 3 E
E
3
3
12

TO TO
12

N
12

12
N

15

GS GS
15
33

33

33
15

15
33

S
S
30

FR FR
30

21
30

30
S

21
W 24 W 24

W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

3. At the middle marker, the pilot disengages the 4. The pilot initiates the missed approach and sta-
autopilot with the button on the control wheel. bilizes the aircraft in the climb. The heading
This cancels all operating modes. The flashing bug is set to the missed approach heading of
AP annunciations are displayed and a discon- 090°. By depressing the HDG button on the
nect tone will sound. KAP 140, the autopilot engages into the head-
ing and vertical speed modes, commencing a
right turn to a heading of 090° and maintaining
the rate of climb existing at engagement.
Note: Press and hold the AP button for 0.25
seconds to engage the autopilot (applicable
only to software version 03/01 and later).

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 101
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
Outbound on GPS Approach Using DG

* Description of GPS operation based on Bendix/King GPS receiver. Others may


require different operation.

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

W 24
W 24 30 24 W 21 W
30
24
21
30
21
33

TO TO
S
33

30
21

33

GS GS
N
S

15
N
S

33
15

N
3
15

FR FR
12

12
15

3
3

6
12 E E 6
12 6 E 3
OBS E OBS 6
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

1. The aircraft is in APR mode approaching the 2. Upon waypoint alerting at the IAF, the heading
IAF. Approach arm is indicated on the GPS bug is set to 238°, the GPS’s Leg/OBS mode
annunciator.* switching is set to OBS mode and the OBS is
set to 238°. The autopilot initiates a left turn to
track the 238° GPS course.

Rev. 1
104 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations


05

2 1
N 270°

3
283°

103°
4

8 °
23

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

24 6
W 30 21 W E 12 3 E
24 6
15
33

TO TO
S

12
30
21

S
N

GS GS
15

33

15
33

21
S

N
3

FR FR
24
15

33
12

30

6
S
N

12 E 30 W
E 3 W 21
OBS 6 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

3. At the desired point, heading mode is used to 4. The heading bug has been set to 103° and the
initiate the procedure turn. During the procedure aircraft has made a left turn to this heading.
turn outbound, the deviation bar shows that the The GPS’s Leg/OBS mode switching is set to
aircraft is flying away from the GPS course at a Leg mode and the OBS is set to 058°. Select
45° angle on a selected heading of 283°. approach mode by depressing the APR button.
*The HDG annunciation will flash for five sec-
onds then extinguish. While the HDG annuncia-
tion is flashing, move the heading bug to 058°.
Since the 45° intercept is 103°, the aircraft will
* Check the heading displayed on the DG against not turn until the course is captured.
the magnetic compass and reset if necessary.

Rev. 1
Apr/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 105
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations
Inbound on GPS Approach Using DG

1 2

3 4
* Description of GPS operation based on Bendix/King GPS receiver. Others may
require different operation.

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
E 3 E 6 3 E
6 12 3 E
3

TO TO
12
12

12
N
15

GS GS
N

15
33
33

33
S

15

15
33

30

S
21

FR FR
30

30

30
S

24 21
W W 24
W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN DN


AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT

1. Continuing the maneuver on page 104, APR 2. At the FAF, ALT is depressed to activate vertical
mode capture occurs. The autopilot initiates a speed mode. The desired descent rate is
left turn to track the 058° GPS course. obtained using the DN button.
* Approach active is indicated on the GPS Remember, speed needs to be controlled with
annunciator. the throttle.

Rev. 1
108 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM Apr/02
Two Axis/Altitude Preselect Operations


05

N 090°

4
FAF
3

1

23

D.C. ELEC. D.C. ELEC.

TURN COORDINATOR TURN COORDINATOR

L R L R
2 MIN. 2 MIN.
NO PITCH NO PITCH
INFORMATION INFORMATION

6 6
6 3 E E 12 3 E
3 E 6
N

TO TO
15

12
12

12
N

GS GS
S
15
33

N
33

33

15
15

21
30

33

FR FR
30

30

S
S

21 24
W 24 30 W
W 21 W 21
OBS 24 OBS 24
PUSH PUSH
US US
P

P
H

ı ı

G G
KAP 140 ARM BARO KAP 140 ARM BARO

UP UP

AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN AP HDG NAV APR REV ALT DN

3. At the MDA, the ALT button is depressed caus- 4. The pilot initiates the missed approach and sta-
ing the autopilot to level off and maintain a con- bilizes the aircraft in the climb. The heading
stant altitude. At the MAP the pilot disengages bug is set to the missed approach heading of
the autopilot with the button on the control 090°. By depressing the HDG button on the
wheel. A flashing AP annunciation is displayed KAP 140, the autopilot engages into the head-
and a distinctive tone will sound. ing and vertical speed modes, commencing a
right turn to a heading of 090° and maintaining
the rate of climb existing at engagement.
Note: Press and hold the AP button for 0.25
seconds to engage the autopilot (applicable
only to software version 03/01 and later).

Rev. 2
May/02 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 109
Abnormal Procedures

Abnormal Procedures
Autopilot Malfunction
An autopilot, autopilot trim or manual electric trim malfunction may be recog-
nized as an uncommanded deviation in the airplane flight path or when there
is abnormal control wheel or trim wheel motion. The primary concern in react-
ing to an autopilot or trim malfunction, or to an automatic disconnect of the
autopilot, is in maintaining control of the airplane. Immediately grasp the con-
trol wheel and press and hold down the A/P DISC/TRIM INTER switch
throughout the recovery. Manipulate the controls as required to safely main-
tain operation of the airplane within all of its operating limitations.

CAUTION: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual or the Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement for your particular aircraft for pertinent emergency procedures.

Rev. 0
Jun/98 KAP 140 AUTOPILOT SYSTEM 127