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ANNA UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE

REGULATIONS 2008
B.E – (Electronics and Communication Engineering)

SEMESTER V
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
THEORY
Principles of Management 4 1 0 100 5
Measurements and Instrumentation 3 0 2 100 4
Digital Signal Processing 3 1 0 100 4
Microprocessors and applications 3 0 0 100 3
Transmission Lines & Waveguides 3 1 0 100 4
Computer Networks 3 1 0 100 4
PRACTICAL
Communication Skills & Personality 0 0 3 100 2
Development
Digital Signal Processing Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Networks Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Total 19 4 11 -

SEMESTER VI
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
THEORY

VLSI Design 3 1 0 100 4


Digital Communication 3 1 0 100 4
Microcontrollers & RISC Architecture 3 1 0 100 4
Antenna and Wave Propagation 3 1 0 100 4
Digital Image Processing 3 1 0 100 4
Elective I 3 0 0 100 3

PRACTICAL
Analog and Digital Communication 0 0 3 100 2
Systems Lab
VLSI Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Microprocessor & Microcontroller Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Total 18 5 9 -
SEMESTER VII
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
THEORY
Embedded Systems 3 1 0 100 4
Television & Video Engineering 3 1 0 100 4
Optical Communication 3 0 0 100 3
Microwave Engineering 3 1 0 100 4
Elective II 3 0 0 100 3
Elective III 3 0 0 100 3
PRACTICAL
Electronic System Design Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Optical & Microwave Lab 0 0 3 100 2
Project Phase-I+ 0 0 3 - 2
18 3 9 -
Total

SEMESTER VIII
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
THEORY
Cellular and Mobile Communication 3 1 0 100 4
Disaster Management 3 0 0 100 3
Elective IV 3 0 0 100 3
Elective V 3 0 0 100 3
PRACTICAL
Project Work+ 0 0 12 200 6
Modeling & Simulation Lab 0 0 2 -
Total 12 1 14
** No Examinations
+ Project Phase –I 50 % of Marks
LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR
B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG-

SEMESTER VI
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
Medical Electronics 3 0 0 100 3
Operating Systems 3 0 0 100 3
Power Electronics 3 0 0 100 3
Speech Processing 3 0 0 100 3
Object Oriented Programming 3 0 0 100 3
Numerical Methods and Linear 3 0 0 100 3
Programming
Network Analysis and Synthesis 3 0 0 100 3
Neural Networks and Applications 3 0 0 100 3
Digital Control System 3 0 0 100 3
SEMESTER VII
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
Advanced Microprocessor
Internet and Java 3 0 0 100 3
Computer Hardware and Interfacing 3 0 0 100 3
Advanced Digital Signal Processing 3 0 0 100 3
Electromagnetic Interference and 3 0 0 100 3
Compatibility
High Speed Networks 3 0 0 100 3
Device Modeling 3 0 0 100 3
Fuzzy Systems & Engineering 3 0 0 100 3
Applications
Professional Ethics and Human 3 0 0 100 3
Values
RF MEMS 3 0 0 100 3
RF Circuit DesigN 3 0 0 100 3
Nano Electronics 3 0 0 100 3
SEMESTER VIII
Code Course Title L T P M C
No-
Wireless networks 3 0 0 100 3
Telecommunication Switching and 3 0 0 100 3
Networks
Satellite Communication 3 0 0 100 3
Advanced Electronic system design 3 0 0 100 3
Optoelectronic devices 3 0 0 100 3
Telecommunication System Modeling 3 0 0 100 3
and Simulation
Radar and Navigational Aids 3 0 0 100 3
Remote Sensing 3 0 0 100 3
Engineering Acoustics 3 0 0 100 3
Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 100 3
Network Security 3 0 0 100 3
Microwave Integrated Circuits Design 3 0 0 100 3
Network Processors 3 0 0 100 3
Genetic Algorithms 3 0 0 100 3
Arm System Architecture & 3 0 0 100 3
applications
Total Quality Management 3 0 0 100 3
Consumer and Entertainment 3 0 0 100 3
Electronics Engineering
Mobile Adhoc Networks 3 0 0 100 3
SEMESTER –V
PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT

L T P M C
4 1 0 100 5

UNIT-I FOUNDATIONS 9

Historical developments –approaches to management– Management and


Administration – Development of Management Thought – Contribution of Taylor and
Fayol – Functions of Management – Types of Business Organization-

UNIT-II MANAGERS & ENVIRONMENT 9

Social responsibility–Planning – Objectives – Setting Objectives – Process of


Managing through Objectives – Strategies- Policies & Planning Premises- Forecasting
– Decision-making-

UNIT-III FUNCTIONAL AREA OF ORGANISATION 9

Formal and informal organization – Organization Chart – Structure and Process –


Departmentation by difference strategies – Line and Staff authority – Benefits and
Limitations – De-Centralization and Delegation of Authority – Staffing – Selection
Process - Techniques – HRD – Managerial Effectiveness-

UNIT –IV MOTIVATION & DIRECTIONS 9

Objectives– Human Factors – Creativity and Innovation – Harmonizing Objectives –


Leadership – Types of Leadership Motivation – Hierarchy of needs – Motivation
theories – Motivational Techniques – Job Enrichment – Communication

UNIT-V CONTROLLING STRATEGIES 9

System and process of Controlling – Requirements for effective control – The Budget
as Control Technique – Information Technology– Computers in handling the
information – Productivity – Problems and Management – Control of Overall
Performance – Direct and Preventive Control – Reporting – The Global Environment –
Globalization and Liberalization – International Management and Global theory of
Management-
TOTAL : 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich “Essentials of Management”- Tata McGraw-


Hill-7th Edition-2007.
2. Joseph L Massie “Essentials of Management”- Prentice Hall of India- (Pearson)
4th Edition- 2003.

REFERENCES:

3. Harold Kooritz & Heinz Weihrich “Essentials of Management”- Tata McGraw-


Hill-7th Edition-2007.
4. Joseph L Massie “Essentials of Management”- Prentice Hall of India- (Pearson)
4th Edition- 2003.
5. Tripathy PC And Reddy PN- “ Principles of Management”- Tata McGraw-Hill-
1999.
6. Decenzo David- Robbin Stephen A- ”Personnel and Human Reasons
Management”- Prentice Hall of India- 1996 .
7. Robbins-“ Principles of Management” Pearson education -2005.
MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION
L T P M C
3 0 2 100 5
UNIT I MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS & INDICATING EQUIPMENTS 9
Principles of operation and construction of PMMC– Static and dynamic
characteristics – units and standards of measurements – error analysis –
moving coil, moving iron meters – multi meters – True RMS meters – Bridge
measurements – Maxwell, Kelvin, Hay, Schering, Anderson and Wien bridge-
- Q meters – Vector meters –distortion meters-RF voltage and power
measurements..

UNIT II VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION 9


Introduction- block diagram of a virtual instrument- physical quantities
and analog interfaces-hardware and soft ware –user interface-advantages
over conventional instruments- architecture of a virtual instruments and its
relation to the operating system- overview of software-lab view- graphical
user interface- controls and indicators-labels and texts- data types- format-
data flow programming-editing- debugging and running a virtual instrument-
graphical programming palettes and tools- front panel objects- functions and
libraries.

UNIT III FUNCTION GENERATORS & ANALYZERS 9


Function generators – RF signal generators – Sweep generators –
Frequency synthesizer – wave analyzer – Harmonic distortion analyzer –
spectrum analyzer-heterodyne wave analyzer- frequency counters-time
interval measurement-measurement of voltage, current, phase and frequency
using CRO-Special type of CRO.

UNIT IV TRANSDUCERS 9

Classification of transducers-selecting a transducer -strain gauges-


temperature transducer-LVDT Advantages and disadvantages- capacitive
transducers-Piezo electric transducers –optoelectronic transducers -
Measurement of Pressure, Temperature, and velocity

UNIT V MODERN MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES 9


A/D &D/A converters-Elements of a digital data acquisition system –
interfacing of transducers – multiplexing – Use of recorders in digital systems-
digital recording system-liquid crystal display-computer controlled
instrumentation – IEEE 488 bus – fiber optic measurements for power and
system loss – optical time domains reflectometer.
TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Ernest.o.Doeblin, Dhanesh N.Manik, Measurement Systems-


Application and Design, 5th
Edition TMH, New Delhi, 2007.
2. Albert D.Helfrick and William D.Cooper – Modern Electronic
Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, Prentice Hall of India,
2003.
3. Garry.M.Johnson., LABVIEW graphical programming, TMH, New
Delhi, 1996. (II UNIT)

REFERENCES
4. B.C Nakara, K.K Chaudhry, Instrumentation Measurement and
nd
Analysis, 2 edition TMH, New Delhi, 2004.
5. Sanjay Gupta, Virtual Instrumentation, LABVIEW, TMH, New
Delhi,2003.
6. Joseph J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and
Measurement, Pearson education, 2003.
7. Alan. S. Morris, Principles of Measurements and Instrumentation,
Prentice Hall of India, 2nd edition, 2003.

Built in Laboratory Component

1. Introduction to Lab VIEW Programming (Creating, Editing and


debugging a VI )

2. Programming Techniques in LabVIEW.

3. Basic Concepts of Data Acquisition and Terminology.

4. Signal Conditioning
5. (i)Thermocouple Measurement
6. (ii)Multiplexed and Parallel Measurement
7. (iii)Vibration Measurement

8. Analog Input, Analog Output, and Digital I/O based Data Acquisition
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM 9


Introduction to DFT – Efficient computation of DFT- Properties of DFT – FFT
algorithms – Radix-2 FFT algorithms – Decimation in Time – Decimation in Frequency
algorithms –fast convolution- overlap save method.

UNIT II FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9


Amplitude and phase responses of FIR filters – Linear phase filters – Windowing
techniques for design of linear phase FIR filters: Rectangular- Hamming- Hanning-
Blackman and Kaiser Windows. Gibbs phenomenon –principle of frequency sampling
technique- principle of optimum equiripple approximation. Realization - FIR filters.

UNIT III INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE DIGITAL FILTERS 9


Review of design of analogue Butterworth and Chebychev Filters- Frequency
transformation in analog domain – Design of IIR digital filters using impulse invariance
technique – Design of IIR digital filters using bilinear transformation – pre warping –
Frequency transformation in digital domain – Realization - Direct form I, Direct form II,
cascade and parallel.

UNIT IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS 9


Quantization noise – derivation for quantization noise power – Binary fixed point and
floating point number representations – Comparison – truncation and rounding error –
input quantization error-coefficient quantization error – limit cycle oscillations-dead
band- Overflow error-signal scaling.

UNIT V DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9

Architectural Features – DSP Building Blocks – Multiplier- Shifter- MAC Unit- ALU –
Bus Architecture and Memory – Addressing Modes – Address Generation Unit -
Hardware architecture – pipelining- Overview of instruction set of TMS320C50.
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. John G Proakis- Dimtris G Manolakis- Digital Signal Processing Principles-


Algorithms and Application- Pearson/PHI- 4th Edition- 2007-
2. S.K.Mitra- “Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach”- Tata
McGraw-Hill- 1998- New Delhi.
3. B.Venkataramani & M-Bhaskar- Digital Signal Processor Architecture-
Programming and Application- TMH 2002 (V UNIT)
REFERENCES
4. John G Proakis- Dimtris G Manolakis- Digital Signal Processing Principles-
Algorithms and Application- Pearson/PHI- 4th Edition- 2007-
5. S.K.Mitra- “Digital Signal Processing- A Computer based approach”- Tata
McGraw-Hill- 1998- New Delhi
6. Allan V.Openheim, Ronald W.Sehafer & John R.Buck-“Discrete Time Signal
Processing”,second edition-Pearson/Prentice Hall.
7. Johny R-Johnson: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing- Prentice Hall- 1984
8. Emmanuel I feachor “Digital Signal Processing: A Practical Approach”, 2/E -
Prentice Hall-2002
9. Li Tan “ Digital Signal Processing” Elsevier-2008
MICROPROCESSOR AND APPLICATIONS
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I 8 BIT MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE 9

8085-Internal Architecture - Addressing modes - Instruction set -Timing diagrams-


Interrupts-Assembly language Programming

UNIT II 16 BIT MICROPROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE 9

8086-Internal Architecture -Memory segmentation -Timing diagram - Interrupts-8086


CPU Hardware design- Maximum mode CPU Module - Minimum mode CPU module

UNIT III 8086 INSTRUCTION SET & ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE 9


PROGRAMMING

Addressing modes - Instruction set- Data transfer instructions- String instructions-


Logical Instructions Arithmetic Instructions Transfer of control instructions -Processor
control Instructions -Assembly language programming –Assembler-

UNIT IV SPECIAL PURPOSE SUPPORT DEVICES 9

8255A -Programmable peripheral interface - 8251A USART -8279- keyboard and


display controller -8259 programmable Interrupt controller -8257 DMA controller -8254
programmable interval timer -digital to analog and analog to digital converters

UNIT V MEMORY AND I/O INTERFACING 9

Types of Main memory- SRAM -interfacing- DRAM -interfacing -I/O interfacing-


programmed I/O- Interrupt Driven I/O- DMA Interfacing Microcomputer to high power
devices - Optical Motor shaft Encoders

TOTAL: 45

TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Douglas V-Hall “Microprocessor and interfacing “2/E –TMH,2002.


2. Walter A-Tribel & Avtar Singh “The 8088 and 8086 Microprocessors
programming -Interfacing -software -Hardware and Application” 4/E
Pearson/PHI 2003.
REFERENCES:

3. John Uffenbeck “Microcomputer and Microprocessors” The 8080-8085 and Z-80


programming –“Interfacin
4. g and Troubleshooting” 3rd Edition- -Pearson Education,2000
5. John Uffenbeck “ The 8086 family Design-programming and interfacing”-3/E-
pearson Education
6. Ramesh Gaonkar-“Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Application
with 8085”-Penram Publications pvt Ltd-5 E/Pearson 2000 .
TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4
UNIT I TRANSMISSION LINEPARAMETERS & THEORY 9

Transmission line Parameters – Characteristic impedance –as a cascade of T-


Sections - Definition of Propagation Constant.-General Solution of the
transmission line – The two standard forms for voltage and current of a line
terminated by an impedance – physical significance of the equation and the
infinite line – The two standard forms for the input impedance of a transmission
line terminated by an impedance – meaning of reflection coefficient – wavelength
and velocity of propagation. Waveform distortion – distortion less transmission
line –Input impedance of lossless lines – reflection on a line not terminated by Zo
- Transfer impedance – reflection factor and reflection loss – T and ∏ Section
equivalent to lines.

UNIT II THE LINE AT RADIO FREQUENCIES 9


Parameter of the open wire at high frequencies-coaxial line-Standing waves and
standing wave ratio on a line – One eighth wave line – The quarter wave line and
impedance matching – the half wave line. The circle diagram for the dissipation
less line – The Smith Chart – Application of the Smith Chart – Conversion from
impedance to reflection coefficient and vice-versa. Impedance to Admittance
conversion and vice versa – Input impedance of a lossless line terminated by an
impedance – single stub matching and double stub matching.

UNIT III GUIDED WAVES 9

Waves between parallel planes of perfect conductors – Transverse electric and


transverse magnetic waves – characteristics of TE and TM Waves – Transverse
Electromagnetic waves – Velocities of propagation – component uniform plane
waves between parallel planes – Attenuation of TE and TM waves in parallel
plane guides – Wave impedances.

UNIT IV RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDES 9

Transverse Magnetic Waves in Rectangular Wave guides – Transverse Electric


Waves in Rectangular Waveguides – characteristic of TE and TM Waves –
Cutoff wavelength and phase velocity – Impossibility of TEM waves in
waveguides – Dominant mode in rectangular waveguide – Attenuation of TE and
TM modes in rectangular waveguides – Wave impedances – characteristic
impedance – Excitation of modes.
UNIT V CIRCULAR WAVE GUIDES AND RESONATORS 10

Bessel functions – Solution of field equations in cylindrical co-ordinates – TM and


TE waves in circular guides – wave impedances and characteristic impedance –
Dominant mode in circular waveguide – excitation of modes – Microwave
cavities, Rectangular cavity resonators, circular cavity resonator, semicircular
cavity resonator, Q factor of a cavity resonator for TE101 mode.
TUTORIAL:15
TOTAL: 60

TEXT BOOKS:

1. J.D.Ryder “Networks, Lines and Fields”, PHI, New Delhi, 2003.


2. E.C. Jordan and K.G.Balmain “Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating
System, PHI, New Delhi, 2003.

REFERENCES:

3. B.Somanathan Nair, Transmission Lines and Wave guides, Sanguine


Technical publishers,2006.
4. David M.Pozar: Microwave Engineering – 2nd Edition – John Wiley
2000.
COMPUTER NETWORKS
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I APPLICATION LAYER 9

The Network Edge- The Network Core- Delay- Loss- and Throughput in Packet-
Switched Networks-Protocol Layers and Their Service Models- Networks Under
Attack- -Principles of Network Applications-The Web and HTTP-File Transfer: FTP-
Electronic Mail in the Internet- DNS—The Internet’s Directory Service-Peer-to-Peer
Applications

UNIT II TRANSPORT LAYER 9

Introduction and Transport-Layer Services-Multiplexing and Demultiplexing-


Connectionless Transport: UDP-Principles of Reliable Data Transfer-Connection-
Oriented Transport: TCP-Principles of Congestion Control-TCP Congestion Control

UNIT III THE NETWORK LAYER 9

Introduction-Virtual Circuit and Datagram Networks- Inside a Router- The Internet


Protocol (IP): Forwarding and Addressing in the Internet-Routing Algorithms
Routing in the Internet-Broadcast and Multicast Routing- Mobile IP

UNIT IV THE LINK LAYER AND LOCAL AREA NETWORKS 9

Link Layer: Introduction and Services-Error-Detection and -Correction Techniques-


Multiple Access Protocols-Link-Layer Addressing-Ethernet-Link-Layers Switches- The
Point-to-Point Protocol-Link Virtualization: A Network as a Link Layer- WiFi: 802-11
Wireless LANs

UNIT V NETWORK SECURITY AND MANAGEMENT 9

Principles of Cryptography- Message Integrity- End-Point Authentication- Securing E-


mail- Securing TCP Connections: SSL-Network-Layer Security: IPsec- Securing
Wireless LANs- Operational Security: Firewalls and Intrusion Detection Systems-
elements of QOS
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Andrew S.Tannenbaum-”Computer Networks”- PHI/Pearson – 4/E 2003.


2. Behrouz A.Forouzan- “Data communication and Networking”- Tata McGraw-Hill-
4/E-2007.
REFERENCES:

3. James .F.Kurose & W.Ross ”Computer Networking: A Top down approach ”-


Pearson education-4 /E 2007
4. Alberto Leon Garcia, Communication Networks, 2nd Edition TMH, 2004.
5. Larry L-Peterson &Peter s-Davie-”Computer Networks ”-Harcourt Asia Pvt-Ltd-
2/E.
6. Dougles comer ‘Computer networks with Internet applications” Pearson edition
2005
COMMUNICATION SKILLS & PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

1. DEXTERITY IN WRITING

Importance of Writing –Writing vs Spoken Language – Formal & Informal


styles of Writing – Report writing-Resources for improving Writing – Grammar
and Usage – Application Essays – Project Proposals

2. COMPOSITION ANALYSIS

Technical and non technical passages (GRE based) - Differences in American


and British English – Analyzing Contemporary issues – Expanding terminology

3. PRESENTATION SKILLS

Collecting and organizing materials- audience – Content – Rehearsing –


Delivering matter – Questions – Seminar Presentations (Subject Oriented/
General Topics)

4. RESUME PREPARATION

5. GROUP DISSCUSIONS / ACTIVITIES

Preparation – Participation – Group Dynamics – Intra / Inter Dept-- Group


Discussion – Team Work – Negotiation Skills – Organizational Behavior

6. INTERVIEWS

Verbal and Non verbal Skills – Rehearsing – Taking the Interview – Facing the
Questions – Mock Interviews -

7. PSYCHOMETRIC TESTS - APTITUDE TESTS AND PUZZLES


Logical reasoning - problem solving – verbal- sharpening the skills
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

USING TMS320C5X

1- Generation of Signals
2- Linear Convolution
3- Implementation of a FIR filter
4- Implementation of an IIR filter
5- Calculation of FFT

USING MATLAB

1- Generation of Discrete time Signals


2- Verification of Sampling Theorem
3- FFT and IFFT
4- time & Frequency response of LTI systems
5- Linear and Circular Convolution through FFT
6- Design of FIR filters (window design)
7-Design of IIR filters (Butterworth &Chebychev)
NETWORKS LABORATORY
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

1. Implementation of Error Detecting Codes(CRC)


2. Implementation of IP subnet
3. Ethernet LAN protocol
4. To create scenario and study the performance of CSMA/CD protocol simulation
5. Token bus and token ring protocols: To create scenario and study the
performance of token bus and token ring protocols through simulation.
6. Wireless LAN protocols: To create scenario and study the performance of
network with CSMA / CA protocol and compare with CSMA/CD protocols.
7. Implementation and study of stop and wait protocol .
8. Implementation and study of Go-back-N and selective reject protocols.
9. Implementation of distance vector routing algorithm.
10. Implementation of Link state routing algorithm.
11. Implementation of Data encryption and decryption.
*Open Source Software Tools like Ethereal /Wireshark Opnet IT Guru, Network
Simulator 2, Router Simulator may be used for Simulation.
SEMESTER –VI
VLSI DESIGN
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I MOS TECHNOLOGY 9

Chip Design Hierarchy- IC Layers –Photolithography and Pattern Transfers- Basic


MOS Transistors-CMOS Fabrication – Submicron CMOS Process –Masks and Layout
–CMOS Design Rules: Lambda based layout- Types of rules- SCMOS Design Rule set
II-

UNIT II MOSFET TRANSISTOR 9

MOSFET operation - MOSFET switch model and square law model – MOSFET
parasitic-– MOSFET SPICE Modeling-CMOS Inverter: Voltage Transfer curve- Layout-
Body Effect-Latch up problem in CMOS circuits-Latch up prevention-

UNIT III CMOS LOGIC GATES DESIGN AND LAYOUT 9

NAND and NOR Gates – Complex Logic Gates –Tri state circuits – Large FETs-
Transmission Gate and Pass Transistor Logic-Standard Cell design: Cell hierarchy-
Cell libraries-

UNIT IV STORAGE ELEMENTS AND DYNAMIC LOGIC CIRCUITS 9

SR Latch- Bit Level Register –D Type Flip Flop –Dynamic D Flip Flop –The Static RAM
Cell –Dynamic Logic – Domino Logic – SR Logic –Dynamic Memories

UNIT V VHDL 9

VHDL Program Structure- concurrent code – sequential code - Variables- signals and
Constants-VHDL Operators -VHDL Description of Combinational Networks: Adders –
Modeling Flip Flop using VHDL Processes – VHDL Model for Multiplexer –Modeling a
sequential Machine-

TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15
TEXT BOOKS:

1- John P Uyemura- “ Chip Design for Submicron VLSI:CMOS layout and


simulation” Thomson India Edition- 2006(unit I to IV)
2- Charles H Roth-”Digital System Design Using VHDL”- Thomson business
Information India Pvt Ltd-2006 (Unit V)

REFERENCES

3- Kamran Eshraghian- Douglas A Pucknell Sholeh Eshraghian “Essentials of VLSI


Circuits and Systems”- Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd- 2006
4- Volnei A Pedroni-”Circuit design with VHDL”- Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd-
2005
5 Wayne Wolf,” Modern VLSI Design – System On Chip”, PHI 2006, 3e,
New Delhi
DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I SAMPLING AND WAVEFORM CODING 9

Sampling Theorem- Band pass sampling- PAM- PCM -Uniform and Non- Uniform
Quantization- Quantization error- DM and Adaptive Delta Modulation-DPCM- TDM
Principles- Digital Hierarchy.
UNIT II BANDLIMITED SIGNALLING 9

Power Spectra of PAM signals- Inter Symbol Interference- Ideal Nyquist channel-
Raised Cosine Channels- Correlative Coding- Eye patterns- Adaptive Equalization for
Data Transmission
UNIT III PASS BAND DATA TRANSMISSION 12

Pass band Transmission Model- ML criterion-correlation receivers- Matched filters.


Generation- Detection- Signal Space diagram- Bit error probability and power spectra
of BPSK- QPSK- FSK and MSK schemes- Performance comparisons- carrier and bit
synchronization
UNIT IV ERROR CONTROL CODING 9

Linear block codes- Cyclic codes- Convolution Codes: Coding Gain and Viterbi
decoding of Convolution Codes- Trellis coded modulation.
UNIT V SPREAD SPECTRUM SYSTEMS: 6

Pseudo Noise sequences- generation-principles of DSSS-correlation properties- m-


sequence and Gold sequence- FH-SS- processing gain- anti-jam

TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Simon Haykins- “Digital Communications”- John Wiley, 4/E- 2007.


2. H. Taub, D.L.Schilling, G. Saha- “Principles of Communication Systems”- 3/E-
Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company- New Delhi- 2008

REFERENCES:
3. John.G.Proakis “Digital Communication”- McGraw Hill – 3/E - 2008.
4. K.N.Chari., D.Ganesh Rao-“Digital Communications”- 2/E- Sanguine Technical
Publishers- Bangalore- 2005
5. B.Sklar “ Digital communications”2/E Prentice Hall-2001
MICROCONTROLLER & RISC ARCHITECTURES
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT 1 THE 8051 ARCHITECTURE 9


8051 Microcontroller Hardware-Input/Output pins- ports and circuits-External
memory-Counters and Timers-Serial Data Input/Output-Interrupts

UNIT II THE 8051 INSTRUCTION SET AND PROGRAMMING 9


8051 Addressing Modes-Arithmetic Instructions-Logical Instructions-Single bit
Instructions-Timer/Counter-Serial Communication-Interrupts Programming-
Assembly Language programming

UNIT III THE 8051-REAL WORLD INTERFACING 9


Interfacing LCD-ADC and sensors to 8051-8051 interfacing to a stepper motor-
keyboard and DAC-8051 interfacing to external memory-8051 interfacing to the
8255

UNIT IV THE ARM RISC ARCHITECTURE 9

The RISC revolution-The reduced instruction set computer –Design for low
power consumption-The ARM architecture basics-Architectural inheritance-The
ARM programmers model-ARM organization and implementation-3 stage and 5
stage pipeline ARM organization-ARM instruction execution-ARM
implementation-ARM processor cores-ARM7 TDMI-ARM8 TDMI-ARM9 TDMI-
ARM development tools-Architectural support for system development

UNIT V ARM INSTRUCTION AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING


9
Exceptions-Conditional execution-Branch and branch with link and exchange-
Software interrupt-Data processing instructions-Single word and unsigned byte
data transfer and half word and signed byte data transfer instructions-Multiple
register transfer instructions-Swap instructions-Architectural support for high level
languages-The thumb instruction set-Thumb implementation-Thumb
applications-Writing simple assembly language programs
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Krishnakant “Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Architecture-


programming and system design 8085- 8086- 8051- 8096”- PHI 2007-
New Delhi.
2. Ajay.V.Deshmukh, Mircro controllers Theory and applications, TMH,2004.
3. Steve Furber “ARM System-on-chip-architecture “2nd edition Addison
Wesley 2000
REFERENCES:

4. “Muhammad Ali Mazidi-Jamice Gillispit Mazidi-”The 8051 micro controller


and Embedded System” Pearson Education,2002.
5. Kenneth J-Ayala-”The Microcontroller Architecture-Programming &
Applications”Pearson International,2003.
6. Alan Clements “The Principles of Computer Hardware” 3rd edition Oxford
University Press 2000
ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I RADIATION PROPERTIES 9

Concept of vector potential- Modification for time varying- retarded case- Fields
associated with Hertzian dipole- Power radiated and radiation resistance of current
element-Radiation from half-wave dipole and quarter-wave monopole antennas.
Radiation intensity- Directive gain- Directivity- Power gain- Beam Width- Band Width-
Gain -Quarter wave monopole-Half-wave dipole and folded dipole- Reciprocity
principle- Effective length and Effective area- Relation between gain effective length
and radiation resistance.

UNIT II ANTENNA ARRAYS 9


Antenna Arrays: Expression for electric field from two, three and N element arrays-
linear arrays: Broad-side array and End-Fire array- Method of pattern multiplication-
Binomial array- Horizontal and Vertical Antennas above the ground plane, Phased
arrays, Frequency-Scanning arrays- Adaptive arrays and Smart antennas.

UNIT III ANTENNA TYPES 9

Loop Antennas: Radiation from small loop and its radiation resistance- Radiation from
a loop with circumference equal to a wavelength-Helical antenna: Normal mode and
axial mode operation-Yagi uda Antenna- Log periodic antenna- Phased array- rhombic
antenna- Horn antenna- Reflector antennas and their feed systems- Micro strip
antenna-Selection of antenna based on frequency of operation – Antennas for special
applications: Antenna for terrestrial mobile communication systems, GPR, Embedded
antennas, UWB, Plasma antenna.

UNIT IV WAVE PROPAGATION 9


Ground wave propagation: Attenuation characteristics for ground wave propagation-
Calculation of field strength at a distance - Space wave propagation: Reflection from
ground for vertically and horizontally polarized waves- Reflection characteristics of
earth- Resultant of direct and reflected ray at the receiver- Duct propagation - Sky
wave propagation: Structure of the ionosphere- Effective dielectric constant of ionized
region- Mechanism of refraction- Refractive index- Critical frequency- Skip distance-
Effect of earth’s magnetic field- Attenuation factor for ionospheric propagation-
Maximum usable frequency- Fading and Diversity reception.

UNIT V ANTENNA AND IONOSPHERIC MEASUREMENTS 9

Antenna Measurements:Reciprocity in Antenna measurements – Near-field and Far-


field - Measurements ranges - Measurement of different Antenna parameters-
Directional pattern, Gain, Phase, Polarization, Impedance, Efficiency.
Ionosphere Measurements:Measurement of vertical Incidence- Group Velocity and
Group Delay- Relation between oblique and vertical Incidence transmission.

TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. John D-Kraus and Ronalatory Marhefka- "Antennas"- Tata McGraw-Hill Book


Company- 2002-
2. E-C-Jordan and Balmain- "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating Systems"- PHI-
1968- Reprint 2003-

REFERENCES:
3. R-E-Collins- 'Antennas and Radio Propagation "- McGraw-Hill- 1987-
4. Ballanis "Antenna Theory " - John Wiley & Sons- second edition – 2003
5. D.Ganesh rao, B.Somanathan nair, Deepa Reghunath- “Antennas and Radio-Wave
Propagation”, Sanguine technical publishers, Bangalore- 2007.
DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS 9


Elements of digital image processing systems- Elements of visual perception- psycho
visual model- brightness- contrast- hue- saturation- mach band effect- Color image
fundamentals - RGB- HSI models- Image sampling- Quantization- dither- Two-
dimensional mathematical preliminaries
UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 9
1D DFT- 2D transforms – DFT- DCT- Discrete Sine, Walsh- Hadamard- Slant- Haar
Wavelet Transform
UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT AND RESTORATION 9
Spatial domain enhancement: gray level transformations - histogram modification and
specification techniques- Image averaging- Directional Smoothing- Median- Geometric
mean- Harmonic mean- Contra harmonic and Yp mean filters- Homomorphic filtering-
Color image enhancement. Image Restoration – degradation model- Unconstrained
and Constrained restoration- Inverse filtering: Removal of blur caused by uniform linear
motion- Wiener filtering- Geometric transformations: spatial transformations- Gray-
Level interpolation
UNIT IV IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND REPRESENTATION 9
Point- line and edge detection- Edge linking- Region based segmentation: Region
splitting and merging.
Image representation: chain codes – polygonal approximations – signatures –
boundary segments – skeletons
UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9
Need for data compression-Error free compression: variable length coding, bit plane
coding, LZW coding. Lossy compression: Transform coding, wavelet coding.
Compression standards: binary image compression standard, still image compression
standards, video compression standards.
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Dr.S.Jayaraman, Digital Image Processing TMH New Delhi ,2009


2. Anil K- Jain- ‘Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing’- Pearson/Prentice Hall of
India- 2002-
REFERENCES:
3. Rafael C- Gonzalez- Richard E-Woods- ‘Digital Image Processing’- Pearson
Education- Inc-- Second Edition- 2004
4. David Salomon : Data Compression – The Complete Reference- Springer Verlag
New York Inc-- 2nd Edition- 2001
5. William K-Pratt- ‘Digital Image Processing’- John Wiley- NewYork- 2002
6. Kenneth R.Castleman-“Digital Image Processing”-Pearson-2003
ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LABORATORY
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

1. Amplitude Modulation and demodulation-


2. Frequency Modulation and FSK Generation
3. Balanced modulator
4. Pre-emphasis & de-emphasis
5. Phase locked loop and applications
6. PWM Generation and detection
7. AM detector and AGC Characteristics
8. FM detector
9. PAM and verification of sampling theorem
10. Pulse Code Modulation Encoder and Decoder
11. Delta modulation and demodulation
12. Digital Modulation Techniques using Trainers
VLSI LABORATORY
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

I- Design and simulation of Combinational Logic Circuit using VHDL


1. Adder
2. Multiplexer and Demultiplexer
3. Encoder and Decoder
4. Multiplier

II- Design and simulation of Sequential logic circuit using VHDL

5. Flip Flops
6. Counter
7. Shift registers
8. Frequency Divider

III- CMOS Circuit design using SPICE (DC and Transient Analysis)

9. CMOS Inverter
10. CMOS NAND and NOR Gates
11. CMOS D Latch

IV- FPGA Implementation


12. 4 bit Adder
13. Real Time Clock

Equipment / Tools Required

1. HDL Simulation Tool


2. FPGA Synthesis Tool
3. Any SPICE simulator
4. At least 500K Gate density FPGA trainer boards with adequate peripherals
MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

1- Assembly Language Programs using 8085/8086/8051


a- Programs based on Arithmetic and logic instructions-
b- Arrays-Largest number-
c- Sorting of an array-
d- Code conversion
e- Programs involving sub routines- stack-
f- Programs with Look up table-
g- Square root- factorial & average of n numbers-

2- Experiments using 8051 microcontroller resources


a- 8051 timer:
-keeping time and /or calculating the amount of time between events-
counting events- generating baud rates for the serial port-
b- 8051: serial communication
-setting the serial port mode- baud rate- writing and sending to serial port
C- 8051 port programming

3- Experiments using the peripherals


a. 8255 PPI-mode 0- mode 1- mode 2-

b. 8253 timer-to test various modes of operation and to implement a digital


clock-
c. 8251 USART-transfer data between kits at 9600 baud rate-
d. DAC interface using 8255-
e. ADC interface using 8255-
f. Stepper motor interfacing using 8255-
g. Matrix keyboard and seven segment display interface-

4-ARM PROCESSOR
Study of minimum system based an ARM family microcontroller and writing
simple Assembly programs.
SEMESTER –VII

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4
UNIT I ARCHITECTURE OF EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 9

Categories of Embedded Systems-Specifications of Embedded systems-


Resent trends in Embedded Systems-Hardware Architecture-Software
Architecture-Communication software-Process of generation of executable
image-development/testing tools.

UNIT II PROGRAMMING FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS 9

Getting the most of C-data types-manipulating bits in memory and I/O


ports-accessing memory mapped I/O devices – structures-variant access-mixing
C to assembly-register usage-use of addressing options-instruction sequencing –
procedure call and return-parameter passing –retrieving parameters memory
management-scope-automatic allocation-static allocation-dynamic allocation-
shared memory-recognizing shared objects-reentrant functions-accessing shared
memory device drivers- productivity tools.

UNIT III HARDWARE PLATFORM 9

PIC microcontroller- Architecture of PIC 16c6x/7x- FSR- Reset action-


Oscillatory connection- Memory organization- Instructions- Addressing modes-
I/O ports- Interrupts-Timers- ADC- Assembly language programming.

UNIT IV REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEM CONCEPTS 9

Architecture of the Kernel-task and task scheduler-Interrupt Service Routines-


Semaphores-Mutex-Mailboxes-Message Queues-Event Registers-Pipes-Signals-
Timers-Memory Management – Priority Inversion Problem

UNIT V REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEM TOOLS


AND CASE STUDIES 9

Use of µC/OS-II- Case study of coding for an Automatic Chocolate


Vending Machine using MUCOS RTOS- Case study of an Embedded system for
an Adaptive Cruise Control Systems in a Car- Case study of an Embedded
Systems for a Smart Card.
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15
TEXT BOOKS:

1.K.V.K.K.Prasad “Embedded /Real-Time Systems:Concepts,Design and


Programming”Dream tech,Wiley 2003.
2. Ajay V Deshmukh “Microcontroller Theory and Applications” Tata McGraw Hill
2005

REFERENCES:

3. Raj Kamal “Embedded Systems Architecture Programming and Design” 2nd


Edition TMH,2008
4.David E Simon “An Embedded Software Primer ” Pearson Education 2003
5.Daniel 5.W Lewis, “Fundamentals of Embedded Software” Pearson Education-
2001
6. Peatman “ Designing with PIC Micro Controller”,Pearson 2003
TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION 9

Television System and scanning Principles: Sound and picture transmission- scanning
process, video signals, characteristics of human eye, brightness perception and
Photometric qualities, Aspect ratio and Rectangular scanning, persistence of vision
and flicker, vertical resolution, Kell factor, Horizontal Resolution and video bandwidth,
Interlaced scanning. Camera tubes- camera lenses- auto focus systems, camera pick
up devices, Image orthicon- vidicon - plumbicon- silicon diode array vidicon –CCD-
solid state image scanners - Comparison of Camera tubes- camera tube deflection
unit- video processing of camera signals- color television signals and systems

UNIT II TELEVISION STANDARDS AND STUDIO EQUIPMENTS 9

Composite video signal, scanning standards- Horizontal and vertical syn- blanking
standards, video modulation and video signal standard- sound modulation and Inter
carrier system- standard channel characteristics – Reception of VSB signals, TV
Broadcast channels- CCIR-B standards-various TV broadcast systems- NTSC, PAL
and SECAM system- comparison –Television studio system- production and master
control Rooms- Tele cine equipments- Helical and AST system

UNIT III TELEVISION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, PROPAGATION AND ANTENNAS


9

REQUIREMENTS OF TV Broadcast Transmission, Design principle of TV


Transmitters, IF Modulation, power output stages- Block diagram of TV transmitters,
visual exciter,- Aural Exciter- Diplexer- Transmitting antennas- Radio wave
Characteristics- propagation phenomena- space wave propagation- Line of sight
range- space wave reception over smooth terrain- distance reception- Shadow zones-
co channel interference- Ghost images- interference problems. Receiving antenna
requirements, characteristics and types- parasitic elements- Yagi aerials- Feeders-
matching- booster amplifiers.

UNIT IV TELEVISION RECEIVER SYSTEM 9

Block diagrams for monochrome and colour receivers-Specifications- VHF/UHF tuner


with AFT, Digital tuning-Video If amplifier requirements- trap circuit- IF amplifier design
SAW filter- video amplifier requirements- design of sound IF Takeoff – Sound If
amplifier- FM discriminators.- Picture Tube- Electron Gun-Deflection system-
characteristics- colour picture tubes- shadow mask- Trinitron- PIL picture tubes- purity-
convergence- automatic degaussing, pincushion correction- flat panel displays-
plasma- displays-LCD- Horizontal vertical deflection systems- requirements- EHT
generation and regulation- synch separators- SMPS- colour killer-colour decoders-
CCD techniques.

UNIT V ADVANCED TELEVISION SYSTEMS ( Qualitative treatment only) 9


Remote control of TV receivers, Wobbuloscope, pattern generators- Cam corders-
Cable TV –Types, processors, scrambling and conditional access systems- Satellite
Television system –Tele text of video text systems- digital TV system- HDTV- 3DTV –
VCR-Videodisc system.

TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL: 15

TEXT BOOKS:

1. A-M-Dhake-" Television and video Engineering” second Edition TMH 2003


2. R-R-Gulati-"Modern Television Practice -Technology and servicing -second
edition –
New age International publishes -2004
REFERENCES:
3. Bernard Grob,“ Basic Television Principles and servicing”- second edition,
New age International Publisher -2004.
4. R.G.Gupta, “Television Engineering and Video systems,” First Edition, TMH
India 2007.
5. S-P-Bali-" Colour Television -Theory and practice "- TMH 1994
OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I : OPTICAL FIBERS – STRUCTURE 9

Evolution of Fiber Optic Systems – Elements of an Optical fiber Transmission


link – Basic laws and definitions – ray optics – Optical fiber modes and
configurations – Mode theory of circular waveguides – Overview of modes – Key
modal concepts – Linearly Polarized waves – Single Mode Fibers – Graded
Index Fiber Structure-

UNIT II : SIGNAL DEGRADATION IN OPTICAL FIBERS 9

Attenuation – absorption loss – Scattering loss – Bending loss – Core and


Cladding loss – Signal distortion in optical wave guides – Information capacity
determination – Group delay – material dispersion – Wave Guide dispersion –
Signal distortion in single mode fibers – Polarization mode dispersion –
Intermodal dispersion – Pulse broadening in GI fibers – Mode Coupling – design
optimization of SM fibers – RI profile and cut – off wavelength-

UNIT III : OPTICAL SOURCES 9

LED’s – LASER Diodes : Semiconductor Laser Diodes- Fabry-Perot Lasers -


Distributed Feedback (DFB) Lasers – Modulation of LASER diodes –
Temperature effects - Power Launching and Coupling : Source to fiber power
launching – Lensing Schemes for Coupling improvement - LED coupling to
single mode fibers

UNIT IV : OPTICAL RECEIVERS 9

PIN Photo detector – Schottky-Barrier Photodiodes - Avalanche Photodiodes –


Photodetector noise – Detector response time – Avalanche multiplication of
Noise – Temperature effects on Photo detectors – Phototransistors -
Fundamental Receiver operation – preamplifiers – Error sources – Receiver
configuration – Probability of error – Quantum limit.

UNIT V : DIGITAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS 9

Point to point link systems considerations – Link Power budget – Rise time
budget – Noise effects on system performance – Operational principles of WDM
– Solitons – EDFA’s – Basic concepts of SONET/SDH.
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL: 15
TEXT BOOKS:

1. G.P Agarwal- “Fiber Optic Communication systems”- II edition- John wiley


& Sons- NewYork- 1997.
2. Gerd Keiser- ‘Optical Fiber Communication ”- Tata Mc Graw Hill - 3rd ed-
2007.
REFERENCES

3. Palais “ Fiber optic communications “ pearson 2005 5e


4. John M. Senior-“Introduction to Optical Fiber Communications”-
pearson/Prentice Hall.
5. Harry J. R Dutton- “Understanding Optical Communications”- IBM
Corporation- International Technical Support Organization- 1998
MICROWAVE ENGINEERING
L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I MICROWAVE NETWORK CHARACTERIZATION AND PASSIVE


COMPONENTS 9
Circuit and S parameter representation of N ports- Reciprocity Theorem- Lossless
networks and unitary conditions- ABCD parameters-Cascaded networks-Relations
between S- Y and ABCD parameters- Effect of changing the reference planes in the S
matrix- S Matrix of a Directional Coupler- waveguide tees and rat race coupler-
Qualitative discussion on: Waveguide Corners- Bends- Twists- Matched loads and
movable shorts.

UNIT II MICROWAVE TUBES 9


Transit time effect- Velocity modulation –current modulation-bunching-Two cavity
Klystron amplifier- Reflex Klystron- Slow-Wave structures -Helix Traveling-Wave
Tubes- Convection Current- Axial Electric Field- Wave Modes- Bandwidth, Power and
Gain Considerations – cross field device –Magnetron-power and frequency
considerations

UNIT III MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS 9


Slotted line VSWR measurement- impedance measurement- insertion loss and
attenuation measurements- measurement of scattering parameters - Return loss
measurement using directional coupler-Introduction to vector network analyzer and its
uses- return loss and insertion loss

UNIT IV Microwave semiconductor devices 9


Gunn-Effect – Gunn Diode- Differential Negative Resistance- Modes of Operation-
Amplification- Microwave Generation- Read Diode- Physical Description- Avalanche
Multiplication- IMPATT Diodes- TRAPATT Diode- BARITT Diode- Principles of
Operation- Physical Structures- Parametric Amplifiers -Nonlinear Reactance and
Manley – Rowe Power Relations.

UNIT V STRIP LINES 9


Introduction- Microstrip Lines- Derivation of Characteristic Impedance of Microstrip
Lines using Quasi Static analysis- Losses in Microstrip Lines- Quality Factor Q of
Microstrip Lines- Substrate materials-surface wave excitation- Parallel Strip Lines-
Characteristic Impedance- Attenuation Losses- Coplanar Strip Lines- Shielded Strip
Lines- Problems- Microstrip based broadband matching networks
TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Samuel Y-LIAO : Microwave Devices and Circuits – Pearson/Prentice Hall of


India – 3rd Edition (2003) .
2. Annapurna Das and Sisir K-Das: Microwave Engineering – Tata McGraw-Hill
(2000).

REFERENCES:
3. R-E- Collin : Foundations for Microwave Engg- – IEEE Press Second Edition
(2002) .
4. David M-POZAR : Microwave Engg- – John Wiley & Sons – 2nd Edition (2003) .
5. Rizzi “ microwave engineering-passive circuits “ PHI 2007
ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN LAB
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2
1. Design of AC/DC voltage regulator using SCR
2. Design of Process Control Timer
3. Microprocessor/Micro Controller based system design along with suitable
signal conditioners for the measurement using
a. LVDT
b. Strain gauge and Pressure Transducer
c. Photocell / LDR
d. Temperature measurement using RTD- Thermo couples
4. Data acquisition and storage of signals through Serial / Parallel port to PC
5. PC based data acquisition using add-on (PCI) card or USB compatible
card
6. DC motor speed control using digital logic circuits/Microprocessor/PC
7. Simulation Experiments (using MATLAB)
a. DTMF generation & detection
b. Multirate Processing
c. Echo Cancellation
d. Error Detection coding
e. Modulation and Demodulation
8. PCB Layout design using CAD
OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE LABORATORY
LTPM C
0 0 3 100 2

Microwave Lab Experiments:


1. Characteristics of Reflex Klystron and Gunn diode Oscillator
2. Study of Power Distribution in directional coupler,
3. Study of power distribution in E / H -Plane Tee, Magic Tee.
4. VSWR Measurements – Determination of terminated impedance
5. Radiation Pattern of Horns, Paraboloids.
6. Determination of guide wavelength, frequency measurement.
7. Impedance measurement by Slotted Line Method.

Optical Experiments:
1. Measurement of Numerical Aperture and Coupling ( Angular and Lateral )
in Optical Fiber.
2. DC Characteristics of LED and VI characteristics of LASER Diode.
3. Data Communication and Wave length Division multiplexing and de
multiplexing using Single Mode Fiber Optic System.
4. Attenuation and Chromatic dispersion Measurement in Single Mode
Optical Glass Fiber
5. BER and Eye pattern measurement using a High Bandwidth Oscilloscope

List of Equipments Required to perform the above Experiments.


1. Fiber optics Trainer board with LED and facility for BER and Eye pattern
Measurement
2. LASER Based Fiber Optic training System with Dual Wavelength Source
and Detector with WDM and Data Communication Facility
3. Optical Power Meter
4. Single mode
Fiber of Different Length for Attenuation and Chromatic Dispersion Measurement
SEMESTER –VIII

CELLULAR AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION


L T P M C
3 1 0 100 4

UNIT I MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES AND CELLULAR CONCEPT 9

Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA- TDMA- spread spectrum multiple access- CDMA-
SDMA- CSMA protocols- Cellular Concept: Frequency reuse- channel assignment-
hand off- Interference and system capacity- tracking and grade of service- Improving
Coverage and capacity in Cellular systems-

UNIT II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 9

Free space propagation model- relating power to electric field -Propagation


mechanisms- reflection -Ground reflection model -diffraction- scattering- link budget
design using path loss models -Small scale Multipath propagation- Impulse response
model of a multi-path channel- Small scale Multipath measurements- parameters of
Mobile multipath channels- types of small scale fading-

UNIT III MODULATION TECHNIQUES- DIVERSITY AND ANTENNAS 9

Modulation Techniques: Binary frequency shift keying- Minimum Shift Keying-


Gaussian MSK- Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing- Diversity reception- -
Types of diversity- RAKE receiver -Basic combining methods- Base station and mobile
station antennas-

UNIT IV SPEECH CODING 9

Characteristics of speech signals - Quantization techniques - Adaptive Differential


pulse code modulation (ADPCM)- Frequency domain coding of speech Vocoders-
Linear Predictive Coders- Selection of Speech Codecs for Mobile Communication-
GSM Codec- USDC Codec - Performance evaluation

UNIT V CELLULAR STANDARDS 9

AMPS- GSM-Architecture- Channels and Frame structure- GPRS- EDGE- CDMA


standards (IS-95)-Forward CDMA channel and reverse CDMA channel –W-CDMA-
Layer architecture

TOTAL: 45
TUTORIAL : 15
TEXT BOOKS:

1. T.S.Rappaport- Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice- Second


Edition- Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall of India- Third Indian Reprint 2003-
2. Vijay K-Garg- “Wireless Network Evolution 2G to 3G”- Pearson Education- New
Delhi- 2003

REFERENCES:

3. Dharma Prakash Agarwal and Qing – An Zeng- “Introduction to Wireless and


Mobile Systems”- 2nd Edition- Thomson Learning- New Delhi- 2007
4. William C.Y.Lee-“Mobile and Cellular Telecommunications Analog and Digital
Systems”- 2 e -TMH.
5. Tse & viswanath “cellular communicatoion”
6. Schiller”mobile communications” pearson 2005
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

Unit I: Introduction 9
Introduction – Disaster preparedness – Goals and objectives of ISDR
Programme- Risk identification – Risk sharing – Disaster and development:
Development plans and disaster management –Alternative to dominant approach
– disaster-development linkages -Principle of risk partnership

Unit II: Application of Technology in disaster risk reduction 9


Application of various technologies: Data bases – RDBMS – Management
Information systems – Decision support system and other systems – Geographic
information systems – Intranets and extranets – video teleconferencing. Trigger
mechanism – Remote sensing-an insight – contribution of remote sensing and
GIS - Case study.

Unit III: Awareness of Risk reduction 9


Trigger mechanism – constitution of trigger mechanism – risk reduction by
education – disaster information network – risk reduction by public awareness

Unit IV: Development planning on disaster 9


Implication of development planning – financial arrangements – areas of
improvement – disaster preparedness – community based disaster management
– emergency response.

Unit V: Seismicity 9
Seismic waves – Earthquakes and faults – measures of an earthquake,
magnitude and intensity – ground damage – Tsunamis and earthquakes

TOTAL: 45

Text Books:
1. Pardeep Sahni, Madhavi malalgoda and ariyabandu, “Disaster risk
reduction in south asia”, PHI
2. Amita sinvhal, “Understanding earthquake disasters” TMH, 2010.
Reference:
1. Pardeep sahni, Alka Dhameja and Uma medury, “Disaster mitigation:
Experiences and reflections”, PHI
MODELING AND SIMULATION LAB
L T P M C
0 0 3 100 2

1- Embedded SYSTEM DESIGN WITH FPGA USING HDL-


A. SIMPLE ALARM SYSTEM-
B. PARITY CHECKER-
C. SCROLLING MESSAGE DISPLAY-
D. MULTIMODE CALCULATORS-

2- LOGICAL DESIGN- ADVANCED VERIFICATION AND DIGITAL


IMPLEMENTATION AND PCB DESIGN USING SPICE-

3- MODELING AND PROTOTYPING WITH SIMULINK AND CODE COMPOSER


STUDIO WITH DSK.

4- GRAPHICAL SIMULATION AND MODELING USING MATHEMATICAL TOOLS-

5- SIMULATION OF A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LIKE DELTA MODULATION-


ADAPTIVE DELTA MODULATION- QPSK- CONSTELLATION DIAGRAMS
USING SIMULINK.
LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR
B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG-

SEMESTER VI
MEDICAL ELECTRONICS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I RECORDING AND MONITORING INSTRUMENTS 9

Bio electric signals and Electrodes- Biomedical Recorders-Medical display systems-


monitoring systems

UNIT II MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES 9

Blood flow meters-Cardiac output measurement-Blood gas analyzers-electrophoresis-


pulmonary function analyzers-

UNIT III THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS 9

Cardiac pacemakers-cardiac defibrillators-Dialysers-Surgical diathermy-LASER-


Physiotherapy and electrotherapy equipments-Oxygenations-Heart Lung Machines-

UNIT IV MEDICAL IMAGING 9

X-Ray and computer axial tomography-Positron Emission Tomography-MRI and NMR-


Ultrasonic Imaging systems-Medical Thermograph-

UNIT V COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL FIELD 9

Bio medical telemetry-radio pill-Tele stimulation- Latest trends in diagnosis and


therapy-Physiological parameter monitoring in space station-Arrhythmia monitoring
system-EEG signal analysis-Role of expert systems-Pattern recognition techniques-E-
health-Application of VLSI design tools in bio electronics-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. R-S-Khandpur- “Hand book of Biomedical Instrumentation-”Tata McGraw Hill-


NewDelhi-1998-
2. Leslie Cromwel- Fred- J- Weibel- Erich-A-Pferffer- “Biomedical Instrumentation
and Measurements-” Pearson/Prentice Hall India- NewDelhi-2001-
REFERENCES:

3. John-C-Webster(Ed)- “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design-”3rd


Edition- John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-1998-
4.Rangaraj-M-Rangayyan- “Biomedical Signal Analysis-A Case Study Approach-
”IEEE Press- John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-2002-
5- Joseph -J-Carr and John -M-Brown- “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment
Technology-” John Wiley&Sons Inc- New York-2002-
OPERATING SYSTEMS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND TYPES OF OPERATING SYSTEMS 9

Introduction - Mainframe systems – Desktop Systems – Multiprocessor Systems –


Distributed Systems – Clustered Systems – Real Time Systems – Handheld Systems -
Hardware Protection - System Components – Operating System Services – System
Calls – System Programs - Process Concept – Process Scheduling – Operations on
Processes – Cooperating Processes – Inter-process Communication-

UNIT II PROCESS SCHEDULING AND SYNCHRONIZATION 9


Threads – Overview – Threading issues - CPU Scheduling – Basic Concepts –
Scheduling Criteria – Scheduling Algorithms – Multiple-Processor Scheduling – Real
Time Scheduling - The Critical-Section Problem – Synchronization Hardware –
Semaphores – Classic problems of Synchronization – Critical regions – Monitors-

UNIT III DEADLOCK 9


System Model – Deadlock Characterization – Methods for handling Deadlocks -
Deadlock Prevention – Deadlock avoidance – Deadlock detection – Recovery from
Deadlocks - Storage Management – Swapping – Contiguous Memory allocation –
Paging – Segmentation – Segmentation with Paging-

UNIT IV MEMORY MANAGEMENT 9


Virtual Memory – Demand Paging – Process creation – Page Replacement –
Allocation of frames – Thrashing - File Concept – Access Methods – Directory
Structure – File System Mounting – File Sharing – Protection

UNIT V FILE MANAGEMENT 9


File System Structure – File System Implementation – Directory Implementation –
Allocation Methods – Free-space Management- Kernel I/O Subsystems - Disk
Structure – Disk Scheduling – Disk Management – Swap-Space Management-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Abraham Silberschatz- Peter Baer Galvin and Greg Gagne- “Operating System
Concepts”- Sixth Edition- John Wiley & Sons (ASIA) Pvt- Ltd- 2003.
2. Dhamhdere, Operating System 2nd Edition, TMH,2006.
REFERENCES
3. Harvey M- Deitel- “Operating Systems”- Second Edition- Pearson Education Pvt-
Ltd- 2002-
4. Andrew S- Tanenbaum- “Modern Operating Systems”- Pearson/Prentice Hall of
India Pvt- Ltd- 2003-
4 Davis -”operating systems “ - pearson 2005
5. William Stallings,Operating systems: Internals and design principle-5/E PHI 2004
POWER ELECTRONICS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES 9

Structure- operation and characteristics of Power Semiconductor Diode- SCR-GTO-


TRIAC- BJT- Power MOSFET- IGBT and MCT- Steady state and Switching
characteristics- Protection

UNIT II AC TO DC CONVERTERS 9

Half wave and full wave thristor converters- Semi- full and dual converters-Single-
phase bridge configuration-Characteristics for continuous current operation-Input
power factor-Effect of source inductance-Three-phase configuration (No analysis)-DC
power supply

UNIT III AC TO AC CONVERTERS 9

Principle of on-off control- Principle of phase control-Single-phase full wave


controllers with resistive and inductive loads-Three-phase full wave controllers (No
analysis)-Single-phase cyclo-converter-Static circuit breakers

UNIT IV DC TO DC CONVERTERS 9

DC to DC converters using devices other than thyristors-Principle of step down


and step up operation-Converter classification-Switching mode regulators-Buck- Boost
and Buck-Boost regulators-DC power supply

UNIT V DC TO AC CONVERTERS 9

DC to AC converters using devices other than thyristors-Single-phase and


Three-phase inverters-Voltage Control-Single pulse-width- Multiple pulse-width and
sinusoidal pulse-width modulation-Harmonic reduction- Current Source inverters-
Uninterrupted Power Supply

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. M.D.Singh, Power Electronics, 2nd Edition, TMH2007.


2. Muhamad H- Rashid- “Power Electronics: Circuits- Devices and
Applications Pearson/Prentice-Hall of India - Delhi- Third Edition 2007-
REFRENCES:
3.Ned Mohan- Tore-M-Undeland- William-P-Robbins- “Power Electronics:
Converters- Applications and Design”- John Wiley and Sons- Third Edition-
2003-
4.M S Jamil Asghar- “Power Electronics” Prentice Hall of India- New Delhi- 2007
5.Mr- V Jaganathan- “Introduction to Power Electronics”- Prentice Hall of India-
New Delhi- 2006
SPEECH PROCESSING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I ANALYTICAL BACKGROUND AND TECHNIQUES 9

Analysis of Discrete – Time speech signals – Time frequency analysis of speech-


Analysis based on Linear predictive loading- Cepstral Analysis of Speech- Automatic
Extraction and Tracking of Speech Formants- Automatic extraction of voicing pitch-
Auditory Model for speech Analysis-

Linear Model and Dynamic System Model-Linear Model- Time-Varying Linear Model-
Linear Dynamic System Model- Time-Varying Linear Dynamic Systems Model-
Nonlinear Dynamic System Model

UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH SCIENCE 9

Phonetic Process – Introduction- Articulatory Phonetics and Speech generation-


Acoustic Models of Speech Production- Coarticulation- Acoustic – Phonetics and
characterization of speech signals- Introduction to Auditory Phonetics- Sound
Perception- Speech Perception Phonological process – phonemes- Features-
Articulatory Phonology

UNIT III MODELS FOR AUDITORY SPEECH PROCESSING 9

Models for the Cochlear function- Frequency Domain Solution of the Cochlear Model-
Time Domain Solution of the Cochlear Model- Stability Analysis for Time Domain
Solution of the Cochlear Model- Models for inner hair cells and for synapses to
Authority nerve fibres- Interval based speech feature extraction from the cochlear
model outputs- Interval-Histogram representation for the speech sound in Quiet in
noise- models for network structures in the auditory pathway.

UNIT IV SPEECH CODING 9

Introduction- Statistical Models- Scalar Quantization- Vector Quantization (VQ)-


Frequency-Domain Coding- Model–Based Coding- LPC Residual Coding

UNIT V SPEECH TECHNOLOGY IN SELECTED AREAS 9

Speech Recognition – Introduction- Mathematical formulation- Acoustic Pre-processor-


Use of HMMs in Acoustic Modelling- Use of higher order statistical models in acoustic
modelling- case study – speech recognition using a Hidden Markov Model -
Robustness of Acoustic Modelling and Recognizer Design- Speed synthesis –
Introduction- Basic approaches- Synthesis Methods- Databases- Case Study –
Automatic unit selection for waveform speech synthesis

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Li Deng Douglas O’Shaughnessy- “Speech Processing: A Dynamic and


Optimization oriented Approach”- Signal Processing and Communication Series-
Printed in USA- 2003
2. Thomas F-Quatieri- “Discrete Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and
Practice”- Pearson Education- New Delhi- 2006

REFERENCES:
3. John R., Jr. Deller , Discrete-Time Processing of Speech Signals , Wiley-IEEE
Press-1999
4. Quatieri, Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and Practice,PHI-
2006.
OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING AND BASICS OF C++ 9

Software crisis – Software evolution – A look at procedure oriented programming –


Object oriented programming paradigm – Basic concepts of object oriented
programming – Benefits of OOP – Object-oriented languages – Applications of OOP –
C++ statements – Structure of C++ Program-
Tokens – Keywords – Identifiers and constants – Basic data types – User defined data
types – Derived data types – Symbolic constants – Declaration of variables – Dynamic
initialization of variables – Reference variables – Operators in C++ – Scope resolution
operator – Manipulators – Type cast operator – Expressions and their types – Special
assignment expressions – Control structures - The main function – Function
prototyping – Call by reference – Return by reference – Inline functions – Default
arguments – Function overloading-
UNIT II CLASSES AND OBJECTS 9

Specifying a class – Defining member functions – Private member functions –Arrays


within a class – Memory allocation for objects – Static data members – Static member
functions – Arrays of objects – Objects as function arguments –Friendly functions –
Returning objects-
Constructors: Parameterized constructors – Multiple constructors in a class –
Constructors with default arguments – Dynamic initialization of objects – Copy
constructor – Dynamic constructors – Destructors-
UNIT III STATIC AND DYNAMIC POLYMORPHISM 9

Defining operator overloading: Overloading unary- binary operators - Manipulation of


strings using operators – Rules for overloading operators – Type Conversions -
Defining derived classes – Single inheritance – Multilevel inheritance – Multiple
inheritance – Hierarchical inheritance – Hybrid inheritance – Virtual base classes –
Abstract classes - Introduction to pointers to objects: This pointer – Pointers to derived
classes – Virtual functions – Pure virtual functions-

UNIT IV INTRODUCTION TO JAVA 9

Java features: How Java differs from C and C++ - Simple Java program – Java
program structures – Java tokens – Java statements – Implementing a Java program –
Java virtual machine – Command line arguments - Constants – Variables – Data types
– Scope of variables – Operators in Java-

Defining a class – Adding variables and methods – Creating objects – Accessing class
members – Constructors – Method overloading – Static members – Inheritance:
Extending a class – Overriding methods – Final variables and methods – Final classes
– Abstract methods and classes – Visibility control - Arrays – One dimensional array –
Creating an array – Two-dimensional arrays – Strings – Vectors-

UNIT V PACKAGES- MULTITHREADING AND EXCEPTIONS 9

Defining interfaces – Extending interfaces – Implementing interfaces – Accessing


interface variables – Java API packages – Using system packages – Creating-
accessing and using a package – Adding a class to a package - Creating threads –
Extending the thread class – Stopping and blocking a thread – Thread exceptions –
Thread priority – Synchronization – Life cycle of a thread – Using thread methods-
Types of errors: Exceptions – Syntax of exception handling code – Multiple catch
statements – Using finally statements – Throwing our own exceptions – Using
exceptions for debugging- Preparing to write applets – Applet lifecycle – Creating an
executable applet – Designing a web page – Applet tag – Adding applet to HTML file –
Running the Applet-

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. E-Balagurusamy- ‘Object Oriented Programming with C++’- Second edition-


Tata McGraw Hill- 2003
2. E-Balagurusamy- ‘Programming with JAVA – A Primer’- Second edition- Tata
McGraw Hill- 2003
REFERENCES:
3. Herbert Schildt- ‘C++ - The Complete Reference’- Tata McGraw Hill- 1997
4. Kris Jasma- ‘Java Programming – A Complete Reference’- Galgotia Publication-
1994
5. Gotfried “ Object oriented programming with c++” Schaum’series-TMH-2007
6. kamthane “ object oriented programming with ANSI And turbo C++,Pearson-
2007
7. Stroustroup “ the c++ programming language” pearson 2005
Numerical Methods and Linear Programming
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I: Curve Fitting and Theory of Equations: 9

Empirical laws and curve fitting- linear law- method of group averages- principle
of Least squares- fitting straight line, parabola, exponential curve- method of
moments- theory of equations- Relation between the roots and coefficients of
polynomial equation- equations with real coefficients and imaginary roots-
equations with rational coefficients and irrational roots- symmetric of roots-
Transformation of equations- Reciprocal equations.

UNIT II: Solution of Equations: 9

Solution of numerical algebraic and transcendental equations- the Bisection


method- Iteration method- RegulaFalsi method- Newton Raphson method-
Horner’s method- Solution of Simultaneous Linear algebraic equations- Gauss
Elimination mwethod- Gauss Jordan method- Crout’s method- Gauss Jacobi
method- Gauss Seidel method- Relaxation method.

UNIT III: Difference Calculus: 9

Finite differences- Forward, Backward and central difference operator- shifting


operator- Properties and relation between operators- Interpolation- Newton’s
forward and Backward difference interpolation formula- Gauss forward and
backward difference interpolation formula- Bessel’s Laplace and Everett formula.

UNIT IV: Interpolation, Numerical differentiation and Integration: 9

Interpolation with unequal intervals- Divided differences- Newton’s divided


Difference formula- Lagrange’s interpolation formula-inverse interpolation-
Numerical Differentiation- Newton’s forward and backward differentiation
formula- Numerical Integration- The trapezoidal rule- Simpson’s 1/3rd and 3/8th
rule-Difference equations- solution of linear homogeneous difference equation
with constant coefficients.

UNIT V: Numerical Solution of Differential equation: 9

Numerical solutions of ordinary differential equations- Taylor series method-


Picards method- Euler’s Method- Fourth order Runge Kutta method- Milne’s and
Adam’s predictor- Corrector methods- Numerical solution of elliptic equation by
Leibmann’s method- solution of parabolic equation by Bender – Schmidt method-
Solution of hyperbolic equation.
Mat lab : Toolkits – the course content will be augmented by the usage of
Mat lab tool box.
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Curtis.F.Gerald, Patrick.O Wheatly, Applied Numerical Analysis, 6th


Edition, Pearson Education New Delhi 2002.
2. John Mathews, Kurtis.D. Fink, Numerical Methods using MATLAB,
PHI 1998.
3. Kandasamy.P , Thilagavathy.K and Gunavathy.k, Numerical
methods, S.Chand and company Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.

References:
4. Jain.M.k. Iyengar, S.R.K.Jain, Jain.R.K, Numerical Methods for
Scientific and Engineering Computation, 4th Edition New age
International Publishers, New delhi, 2003.
5. Sastry.S.S, Introductory Methods of Numerical analysis, PHI ,
2001.
NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9

Network concept- Elements and sources- Network equilibrium equations-


Node and mesh method-Network theorems –Tellegen’s Theorem

UNIT II 9

First and second order networks- State space equations- Transient response-
Network functions- driving point and transfer functions- natural frequencies

UNIT III 9

Sinusoidal steady-state analysis- Maximum power-transfer theorem-


Resonance- Equivalent and dual networks- Design of equalizers-

UNIT IV 9

Two-port network parameters-Z,Y,h ,ABCD parameters- Barlett’s bisection


theorem- lattice network-Image and iterative parameters- Design of attenuators-
UNIT V 9

Two-terminal network synthesis- Reactance networks- Foster’s reactance


theorem- Synthesis of RL and RC networks-Cauer and Foster synthesis

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. W-H-Hayt & J-E-Kemmerly-“ Engineering Circuit Analysis”-6 e 2006-


Tata McGraw-Hill.
2. F.F.Kuo Network analysis and synthesis 2/E John Wiley

REFERENCES:
3. T-S-Huang & R-R-Parker- “Network Theory- Addison”-Wesley- 1971.
4. Van Valkenburg : “Network Analysis”.pearson 2005
5. Van Valkenburg :”Network Syntehesis”.
NEURAL NETWORKS AND APPLICATIONS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
Unit I Neuron model network architecture 9

Neuron model – single input neuron –activation function – multiple input neuron
neural networks viewed as directed graphs -feedback - network architectures –
knowledge representation – linear and non- linear separable problem(XOR)

Unit II Learning process 9

Error – correction learning – memory based learning - hebbian learning-


competitive learning-Boltzmann learning-credit assignment problem-supervised
and unsupervised learning-adaptation-statistical learning theory.

Unit III Perceptions 9

Single layer perception-Adaptive filtering-unconstrained optimization-Least-mean


square algorithm-Leaning curve-Annealing Technique-perception convergence
theorem-Relationship between perception and Baye’s classifier-Back
propagation algorithm- Network pruning techniques-supervised learning viewed
as an optimization problem-convolutional network. Application to Adaptive
Prediction and character recognition.

Unit IV Attractor neural Network and ART 9

Hopfield model-BAM model-BAM stability-Adaptive BAM -Lyapunov function-


effect of gain-Hopfield design-Application to TSP problem-ART- layer 1-layer 2-
orienting subsystem-Leaning lawL1-L2-Leaning law L2-L1-ART algorithm-
ARTMAP

Unit V Principal Component Analysis and Self Organization 9

Principle of self organization-Principle Component analysis-Adaptive PCA using


Lateral inhibition-Two classes of PCA algorithm-Two basic feature- mapping
model-self organizing map-SOM Algorithm-properties of the feature map-LVQ-
Hierarchical vector Quantization. Applications of self-organizing maps: The
Neural Phonetic Typewriter-Learning Ballistic Arm Movements

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:

1. Simon Haykin, “Neural Networks and Learning Machines” -3/E -


Pearson/ Prentice Hall 2009
2. Satish Kumar- “Neural Networks : A Classroom Approach”-TMH-
2008

REFERENCES

3. Freeman J.A., Skapura D.M.”Neural networks, algorithms,


applications, and programming techniques” -Addition Wesley,
2005.

4. Laurene Fausett, “Fundamentals of Neural Networks: Architectures,


Algorithms, and Applications” - Pearson/ Prentice Hall
5. Robert J Schalkoff-“Artificial Neural Networks,McGraw Hill”-1997
DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

1. INTRODUCTION 10

Overview of frequency and time response analysis and specifications of


control systems - Advantages of digital control systems – basic concepts
of sampled data control systems – principle of sampling, quantization and
coding – Reconstruction of signals – Sample and Hold circuits – Practical
aspects of choice of sampling rate -Basic discrete time signals – Time
domain models for discrete time systems.

2. Z TRANSFORMATION 9
Z-transform, Z-transfer function – Inverse Z transform, Z-transform
analysis of sampled data control system, Z and S domain Relationship

3. TRANSFER FUNCTIONS AND SIGNAL FLOW GRAPHS 8


Pulse Transfer function and z transfer function – Closed loop systems –
modified z transfer function – sampled signal flow graph – Multirate
Discrete data systems.

4. STATE VARIABLE ANALYSIS 9


State space representation of discrete time systems – state equations of
discrete data system with sample and Hold devices – State transition
matrix – State diagram of digital systems – Decomposition of discrete data
transfer systems.
5. STABILITY ANALYSIS 9

Mapping between S plane and Z plane- Jury's stability test - Bilinear


transformation and extended Routh array- Root Locus Method

TOTAL:45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Gopal M. ‘ Digital Control and State Variable methods’, Tata Mc Graw Hill
Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, India, 2003.
2. Ogata K. ‘Discrete Time Control Systems’, Prentice Hall International,
New Gercy, USA, 2002.
REFERENCES:
3. Kuo B.C. ‘ Digital Control Systems’, Oxford University Press, Inc., 2003
4. Houpis C.H. and Lamont C.B., ‘Digital Control Systems’, Tata Mc Graw
Hill, 1999.
5. I.J.Nagarth and M.Gopal - Control systems engineering - Wiley Eastern
Ltd., 1993.
LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR
B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG-

SEMESTER VII
ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I STRUCTURE OF ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS 9

General Structure of Microprocessors - Microprocessor Architecture – Instruction


Set- Data Formats- Instruction Formats – Addressing Modes - - Memory
Hierarchy- Register File –Cache- Virtual Memory- Paging- Segmentation-
Pipelining- The Instruction Pipeline- Pipeline Hazards- Instruction Parallelism –
RISC versus CISC – RISC Properties- RISC Evaluation-

UNIT II THE 80386 AND 80486 MICROPROCESSOR 9

80386 Microprocessors – Special 80386 Registers – 80386 Memory


Management – Moving to Protected Mode – Virtual 8086 Mode – The Memory
Paging Mechanism – 80486 Microprocessor - 80386 Addressing Modes –
Instruction Set-

UNIT III THE PENTIUM MICROPROCESSOR 9

The Software model of the Pentium-Pentium processor registers, Data


organisation,instruction types, Addressing modes-Pentium insructions-Interrupt
processing-Programming the Pentium.

UNIT IV PENTIUM HARDWARE 9

CPU pin description-RISC concepts-Bus operation-The Pentium’s superscalar


architecture-pipelining-Branch prediction-The instruction and data codes-The
floating point unit-Protected mode operation-Segmentation-Paging-Protection-
multitasking-Exception-Input/output-Virtual 8086 mode-Pentium II and Beyond.

UNIT V THE MOTOROLA M68000 FAMILY 9

The MC680X0 Architecture – CPU Registers – Data Formats – Addressing


Modes – Instruction Set and Assembly Directives – Memory Management –
Instruction and Data Cache – Exception Processing-

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Barry B. Brey- “The Intel Microprocessors Architecture- programming and
interfacing” Pearson/PHI- 2003.
2. Daniel Tabak- “Advanced microprocessors” McGraw-Hill- Inc 1995.

REFERENCES:

3. James.L.Antonakos-“The Intel Microprocessor Family Hardware and


Software Principles and applications”-Thomson Indian Edition.
4. James.L.Antonakos-“The Pentium Microprocessor”-Pearson Edition.
5. James L- Antoratos- “An Introduction to the Intel family and
microprocessors”- pearson Education- 1999.
INTERNET AND JAVA
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9

Internet connection concepts – Dialup Internet access – High speed connections –


Connecting LANs to Internet – Email Concepts – Email Commands – Sending and
receiving files by email - Security in Email-

UNIT II 9

Online chatting and conferencing concepts – Mailing lists – Usenet Newsgroups –


Internet Relay Chat (IRC) – Voice and video conferencing – WWW concepts –
Searching on the Web-

UNIT III 9

Website creation concepts – Creating web pages by hand and Web page editors –
Web Graphics – Web audio files – Advanced web options – File Transfer concepts –
FTP programs – Downloading and installing software-

UNIT IV 9

The Java programming language – Basics – Classes – Packages – Interfaces –


Inheritance - Exception handling – Multithreading – String and String buffer – Applets-
UNIT V 9
I/O streams – the utility package – Abstract Window Toolkit (AWT) – the net package –
Advanced concepts: RMI and Servlets-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Margaret Levine Young et al- “Internet – The Complete Reference”- Millennium


edition- Tata McGraw Hill publishing company- New Delhi- 2002.
2. Deitel & Deitel- “Java – How to Program”- 6th Edition PHI- New Delhi- 2005

REFERENCES:

3. Patrick Schilt- “JAVA 2- The Complete Reference”- Tata McGraw Hill Publishing
Company- New Delhi- 2003 .
4 R. Krishnamoorthy, Internet and Java Programming, New Age International (P)
Ltd. (2004)
COMPUTER HARDWARE AND INTERFACING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I CPU AND MEMORY 9

CPU essentials- processor modes- modern CPU concepts- Architectural


performance features- CPU over clocking- Over clocking the system- Over clocking the
Intel processors- Essential memory concepts- memory organizations- memory
packages- modules- Logical memory organizations- memory types- memory
techniques- selecting and installing memory-

UNIT II I/O AND VIDEO PERIPHERALS 9

Input- Output devices - Keyboard and mouse interfaces- Display - Video and
LCD displays - CRT controller - Graphics controller- Audio / Video cards- printers-
Interface standards

UNIT III STORAGE DEVICES 9

Storage Devices - Floppy Disks - Controllers and Standards - Hard disks -


Formats- Controllers and Interface Standards- Optical disks - CDROM disks and drive
formats- High capacity Magnetic storage techniques - RAID- Magnetic Tapes –
Standards

UNIT IV PC ARCHITECTURE 9

Operating systems and boot process-BIOS–personal computer architecture-


Motherboard-Chipsets-Interfacing peripheral devices-Device drivers-Introduction to
other personal computers/work stations/Network computers-

UNIT V SYSTEM BUS 9

Standards in PC Architecture - BUS standards- System Bus- I/O bus-


communication Interface- Plug and play Systems- Current topics in PC architecture /
standards-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Mueller-S- Upgrading and repairing PCS- 4th Edition- Prentice Hall- 1995
2. Stephen J-Bigelow-”Troubleshooting-Maintaining & repairing of PCs”- TMH,
2007.
3. Craig Zacker & John Rourke- “The complete reference: PC hardware”- Tata
McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 2007.
REFERENCES:

4. Mike Meyers- “Introduction to PC Hardware and Trouble shooting”- Tata


McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 2005.
5. B-Govindarajulu- “IBM PC and Clones hardware trouble shooting and
maintenance”- Tata McGraw-Hill- New Delhi- 2007-
6. D-V-Hall- Microprocessors and Interfacing Programming and Hardware- Mc
Graw Hill-2006
ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I MULTIRATE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING 9

Decimation by an integer factor - Interpolation by an integer factor - Sampling


rate conversion by rational factor -Decimation with poly phase filters -
Interpolation with poly phase filters - Complementary filters - Interpolated FIR
filters - Special FIR filters: Half band filter and comb filter.

UNITII TWO CHANNEL FILTER BANKS 9

Analysis and Synthesis Filter Banks-Quadrature Mirror Filter (QMF) banks-Filter


bank with perfect reconstruction – Paraunitary filter banks – Biorthogonal and
Linear phase filter banks – Transmultiplexer filter banks.

UNITIII UNIFORM-CHANNEL FILTER BANKS 9

Filter banks with tree structures, parallel structure – Complex Modulated filter
banks – Cosine modulated filter banks – Transmultiplexer filter banks –
Polyphase QMF banks – Paraunitary polyphase and DFT polyphase filter banks .

UNITIV WAVELET TRANSFORM 9

Short-time Fourier Transform - -limitations – time-frequency scaling –


Heisenberg’s uncertainty – Continuous Wavelet Transform – Discrete Wavelet
Transform – Haar, Daubechy’s wavelets – Multi Resolution Analysis of audio
signal.

UNITV POWER SPECTRUM ESTIMATION 9

Estimation of spectra from finite duration observation of signals: Periodogram –


use of DFT in power spectrum estimation – Non-parametric methods: Barlett-
Welch-Blackman and Tuckey – Parametric Methods: Relationship between the
autocorrelation and the model parameters – AR model: Yule-Walker method –
Burg method – Unconstrained least squares method – sequential estimation
methods – MA model and ARMA model for power spectrum estimation – filter
bank realization of the periodogram – Eigen analysis algorithm for spectrum
estimation

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS: .

1. Fredric J Harris, “Multirate signal processing for communication systems”,


Prentice Hall, May 2004.

2. John G Proakis and Dimitris G Manolakis, “Digital signal processing-


principles,algorithms and applications”,4th edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.

REFERENCES

3. N J Fliege, “Multirate digital signal processing” John wiley & sons Ltd.,
Reprinted with correction, Jan 2000.

4. Rao, R M and A S Bopardikar, “Wavelet Transforms: Introduction to theory


and applications, Addison Wesley,MA,1998.

5. K P Soman and K I Ramachandran “Insight into Wavelets –From Theory to


practice”, Prentice Hall of India, 2005.
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFACE AND COMPATIBILITY
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I EMI/EMC OVERVIEW 9

Aspects of EMC - Electrical dimensions - Common EMC units - EMC requirements for
electronic systems - Electromagnetic interference - EMI noise sources - Methods of
noise coupling - Methods of eliminating interference- Susceptibility - Differential and
common-mode noise source

UNIT II EMI PROPERTIES OF PASSIVE COMPONENTS 9

Wires - Component leads- Resistors - Capacitors – Inductors - Ferrite beads -


Common-mode chokes- Mechanical switches - PCB lands - Electromechanical devices

Crosstalk and Cabling: Crosstalk via common impedance - Capacitive crosstalk-


Inductive - crosstalk - Crosstalk combinations - Reduction of crosstalk - Shield transfer
impedance - Shielding of electric field - Shielding of magnetic field - Different types of
cables - Effect of Pigtails - Cable layouts

UNIT III EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES 9

Grounding: Safety grounds - Signal grounds- Single-point ground systems- Multipoint


ground systems- Hybrid grounds - Functional ground layout - Practical low-frequency
grounding - Hardware grounds - Grounding of amplifier shields - Grounding of cable
shields -Ground loops - Elimination of ground loops - Shield grounding at high
frequencies - Guard shields

Shielding: Characteristic and wave impedances - Shielding effectiveness -


Attenuation of fields by metal plates - Shielding with magnetic materials - Apertures -
Faraday cage - Conductive gaskets- conductive window and coatings

Filtering: Mechanism of conducted emission - Concept of power line filter design -


Diagnostic techniques - Layout of filter - Non-linear Phenomena - Consequences of
nonlinear characteristics - Nonlinearity of semiconductor devices - Increasing the
immunity of semiconductor circuits: aspects of system layout and adaptation of circuit
design- Examples from practice

UNIT IV DIGITAL CIRCUIT NOISE AND RADIATION 9

Spectra of digital circuit waveforms - Analog versus digital circuits - Digital logic noise -
Digital circuit ground noise - Noise minimization - Differential-mode radiation-
Controlling differential mode radiation - Common-mode radiation and control
Electrostatic Discharge: Static generation- Human body model- Static discharge-
ESD protection in equipment design- EMI Emission Measurements and Test Methods
UNIT V EMI MEASUREMENTS AND STANDARDS 9

Open-field test site - Shielded enclosures - Radio-frequency anechoic chamber –


Antennas - Line impedance stabilisation network - Absorbing clamp - Requirements
and types of interference wave measuring instruments - Test procedures for conducted
EMI emission - Test procedures for radiated EMI emissions - Susceptibility standards
and regulations- Susceptibility of electronics to EMI/ESD - Software and hardware
protection - Continuous waves and transients - Susceptibility tests- procedures and
equipment -Problems with susceptibility tests

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. J- P- Mills- Electromagnetic interference reduction in electronic systems- Prentice-


Hall- 1993.
2. J- J- Goedbloed- “Electromagnetic Compatibility”- Prentice-Hall India- 1992.
3. Clayton R. Paul – “Introduction to electromagnetic compatibility”- John Wiley &
Sons- 2006

REFERENCES:

4 V. Prasad Kodali, Engineering Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Press, 1996.


5 Weston David A., Electromagnetic compatibility : principles and applications, 2/E,
CRC Press,2001
6 Tim Williams, EMC for Product Designers, 4th Edition, Elsevier/Newnes, Oxford,

2007
HIGH SPEED NETWORKS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I HIGH SPEED NETWORKS 9


Principles and standards - ISDN - B-ISDN- High Speed LAN- Frame Relay- DSL-
ADSL-ATM and MPLS

UNIT II PROTOCOLS AND STRUCTURE 9

Overview of Higher Layer-Layer ATM and MPLS protocol and Control Plane Protocol-
ATM Control Plane Structure and AAL- ATM User Network Interface (UNI) Signalling-
ATM control Plane addressing- MPLS Control Plane Architecture- MPLS Label
Distribution Protocols- ATM –PNNI- and B-ISDN User Services Part-

UNIT III NETWORKING APPLICATIONS 9


Packet Voice Networking- Voice Trunking- Broadband Local Loop Emulation- Voice
Over ATM and Pocket Networks- Multi-protocol Encapsulation over AAL5- ATM Forum
LAN Emulation- Ethernet over MPLS

UNIT IV QUALITY OF SERVICE AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING 9


Quality of Service- Traffic Parameters and Conformance Definitions- Classes of
Service- Achieving Conformance- Checking Conformance- Ensuring conformance-
Delivering QoS- Congestion Control and Management-

UNIT V DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS 9

Design Considerations for ATM and MPLS Networks- Efficiency Analysis- Scalability
Analysis- Complexity Analysis- Applications of ATM- Applications of MPLS- Possible
Future of Multi-Service Networking-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Uyless Black: MPLS and Label Switching Networks- Second Edition- Pearson
Education- Asia- 2001
2. Stallings”High speed networks”- pearson/PHI,2006
REFERENCES

3. David E- WcDysan and Dave Paw- “Communications Networking: ATM- MPLS


Theory and Application Foundations of Multi-Service Networking”-
Osborne/McGraw Hill- USA- 2003- Published in India by Dreamtech- New
Delhi-
4. Sumit Kasera- and Pankaj Sethi- “ATM Networks"- Tata Mc Graw-Hill- New
Delhi- 2000-

5. Rainer Handel, ATM Networks, Addison-Wesley-1994


SOLID STATE ELECTRONIC DEVICE MODELING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I BASIC SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS 9

Quantum Mechanical Concepts, Carrier Concentration, Transport


Equation, Mobility and Resistivity, Carrier Generation and Recombination,
Avalanche Process, Continuity Equation, Diode Small Signal and Large Signal
Models, Temperature and area effects.

UNIT II BIPOLAR DEVICE MODELING 9

Transistor Models: Ebber – Molls Model, Gummel Poon Model, Mextram


model, Temperature and area effects.

UNIT III MOSFET MODELING 9

Introduction Interior Layers, MOS Transistor Current, Threshold Voltage, Short


Channel and Narrow Width Effect, Models for Enhancement, Depletion Type
MOSFET

UNIT IV PARAMETER MEASUREMENT 9

General Methods, Specific Bipolar Measurement, Depletion Capacitance, Series


Resistances, Early Effect, Gummel Plots, MOSFET: Long and Short Channel
Parameters, Statistical Modeling of Biopolar and MOS Transistors.

UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE MODELING 9


DC, AC and Noise Models of Photoconductor, PIN Photo diode, Junction
LASER operation and its threshold current, Hetrojunctoin LASER, LASER Rate
Equations.
Total: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Giuseppe Massobrio and Paolo Antogentti, “Semiconductor Device Modeling


with
SPICE” Second Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, New York, 1993.
2. S.M.Sze “Semiconductor Devices - Physics and Technology”, John Wiley and
sons,
1985.
REFERENCES:
3. De Graaf H.C and Klaasen F M., “Compact Transistor Modeling for Circuit
Design”,
Springer Verlag Wien , New York ,1990.
4. Pallab Bhattacharya, “Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices” Prentice-Hall of
India,
Second Edition, 2002
5. Mohammed Ismail & Terri Fiez “Analog VLSI-Signal & Information Processing”
1st
ED, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing company Ltd 2001.
Fuzzy Systems & Engineering Applications

L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS 9

Basic-concepts-single layer perception-Multi layer perception-Supervised and


unsupervised learning back propagation networks- Application

UNIT II FUZZY SYSTEMS 9

Fuzzy sets and Fuzzy reasoning-Fuzzy Matrices-Fuzzy functions-decomposition-Fuzzy


automata and languages-Fuzzy control methods-Fuzzy decision making- Applications

UNIT III NEURO-FUZZY MODELLING 9

Adaptive networks based Fuzzy interfaces-Classification and Representation trees-


Data clustering algorithm-Rule base structure identification-Neuro-Fuzzy Controls

UNIT IV GENETIC ALGORITHM 9

Survival of the fittest-pictures computations-cross over mutation-reproduction-rank


method-rank space method- Application

UNIT V APPLICATIONS 9

ANFIS Applications - Introduction- Printed Character Recognition- Nonlinear System


Identification- Channel Equalization- Adaptive Noise Cancellation - Fuzzy sets and GA
in Game playing-Introduction- Variants of GA- using GA in game playing- simulation
results of the Basic Models- using Fuzzy characterized features-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Jang J-S-R-- Sun C-T and Mizutani E- “Neuro Fuzzy and Soft Computing”-
Pearson/Prentice Hall India P Ltd-- New Delhi- 2006
2. S- Rajasekaran and G A Vijayalakshmi Pai- “Neural Networks- Fuzzy Logic and
Genetic Algorithms Synthesis and Applications”- Prentice Hall India P Ltd- New
Delhi- 2007.
REFERENCES:
3. Timothy J-Ross –“Fuzzy Logic Engineering Applications”-Tata McGraw Hill- 1997-
4. David E-Goldberg- “The Design of Innovation (Genetic Algorithm and Evolutionary
Computation) “- Kluwer Academic publisher- 2002
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND HUMAN VALUES
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I HUMAN VALUES 8


Morals- Values and Ethics – Integrity – Work Ethic – Service Learning – Civic Virtue –
Respect for Others – Living Peacefully – caring – Sharing – Honesty – Courage –
Valuing Time – Co-operation – Commitment – Empathy – Self-Confidence – Character
– Spirituality

UNIT II ENGINEERING ETHICS 9


Senses of 'Engineering Ethics' - variety of moral issued - types of inquiry - moral
dilemmas - moral autonomy - Kohlberg's theory - Gilligan's theory - consensus and
controversy – Models of Professional Roles - theories about right action - Self-interest -
customs and religion - uses of ethical theories-

UNIT III ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9

Engineering as experimentation - engineers as responsible experimenters - codes of


ethics –industrial standards- a balanced outlook on law - the challenger case study

UNIT IV SAFETY- RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 10

Safety and risk - assessment of safety and risk - risk benefit analysis and reducing risk
- the three mile island and chernobyl case studies- Collegiality and loyalty - respect for
authority - collective bargaining - confidentiality - conflicts of interest - occupational
crime - professional rights - employee rights - Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) -
discrimination-

UNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9

Multinational corporations - Environmental ethics - computer ethics - weapons


development - engineers as managers-consulting engineers-engineers as expert
witnesses and advisors -moral leadership-sample code of Ethics like ASME- ASCE- I-
E-E-E- Institution of Engineers (IEI) India- Institution of Electronics and
Telecommunication engineers(IETE) India- etc-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOK:

1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger- “Ethics in Engineering”- Tata McGraw-Hill-


- 1996-3 e.
REFERENCES :

2. Govindarajan M- Natarajan S- Senthil Kumar V- S- “Engineering Ethics”-


Prentice Hall of India- New Delhi- 2004.
3. R-S Nagarazan -”A textbook on Professional Ethics and Human Values” New
Age International Publishers- New Delhi 2006.
4. Charles D- Fleddermann- “Engineering Ethics”- Pearson Education / Prentice
Hall- New Jersey- 2004 (Indian Reprint).
5. Charles E Harris- Michael S- Protchard and Michael J Rabins- “Engineering
Ethics – Concepts and Cases”- Wadsworth Thompson Learning- United States-
2000 (Indian Reprint now available).
6. John R Boatright- “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”- Pearson Education-
New Delhi- 2003.
RF MEMS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9

RF MEMS; microwave applications; configurations; MEMS switches; developments;


silicon; GaAs electronics; hermetic packaging; nonhermetic packaging; Mechanical
modelling; MEMS devices; static analysis; spring constant; cantilever beams;
electrostatic actuation; temperature variation- linear dynamic analysis; small
displacement; switching time calculations; applied waveforms; intermodulation
products; Brownian noise analysis; MEMS switches; electromagnetic modelling;
MEMS capacitive shunt switches; MEMS series switches-

UNIT II 9

MEMS switch library; Raytheon capacitive MEMS shunt switch; Omron DC-contact
MEMS series switch; Samsung low-voltage DC-contact MEMS series switch;
University of Illinois DC-contact MEMS shunt switch; MEMS switch; fabrication;
packaging; MEMS release procedures; substrate transfer process; conventional
hermetic packaging; on-wafer hermetic packaging; RF feed-throughs; on-wafer
hermetic packages

UNIT III 9

MEMS switch reliability; power handling; failure mechanisms; MEMS capacitive


switches; dielectric charging problem; DC-contact switches; contact material issues;
MEMS switches; capacitive switches; high-current reliability tests; MEMS switch
circuits; design; biasing; CPW MEMS shunt capacitive switches; inductive matching;
microstrip implementation; DC-contact series switches; series/shunt MEMS switches;
absorptive MEMS switches

UNIT IV 9

MEMS phase shifters; reflection-type phase shifters; switched-line phase shifters;


loaded-line phase shifters; switched networks; antenna feeds; library; phase shifter
designs; distributed MEMS phase shifters; switches; T lines; measurements; DMTL
implementation; X-band 2-bit DMTL CPW phase shifters; wideband distributed MEMS
switches

UNIT V 9

MEMS varactors; tunable oscillators; electrostatic; parallel-plate capacitors; inter digital


capacitors; MEMS switched capacitors; discrete position control; inductor model;
micromachining; thick metal layers; substrate etching; self-assembly techniques;
solenoid-type copper inductors; reconfigurable MEMS networks; filters; antennas;
subsystems; matching networks; currents; reconfigurable antennas; quasi-optical
components; tunable resonator fundamentals; millimeter-wave tunable filters; Lincoln
Laboratories approach

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1. RF MEMS Theory- Design- and Technology- Gabriel M- Rebeiz- Wiley 2003


2. E- Brown- "RF-MEMS Switches for Reconfigurable Integrated Circuits-" IEEE
Trans- Microwave Theory Tech-- Vol- 46- November- 1998
REFERENCES:
3. J-J-Yao- topical Review: RF MEMS from a Device prespective- J-micromech-
micro eng-10(2000)
4. G- Rebeiz- RF MEMS: Theory- Design- and Technology- Wiley/IEEE Press-
2003
5. H-J- De Los Santos- RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless Communications-
Artech House- 2003
RF CIRCUIT DESIGN
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9
Physical and practical aspects of RF circuit design- Impedance
mismatch effects in RF MEMS-

UNIT II 9
RF/Microwave substrate properties- Micro machined- enhanced elements-
MEM switches- Resonators- MEMS modeling-

UNIT III 9
Reconfigurable circuit elements-Resonator MEMS switch Tunable CPW
resonator- MEMS microswitch arrays- Reconfigurable antenna-

UNIT IV 9
MEMS phase shifters- Types of phase shifters- Switched delay line phase
shifters- Distributed MEMS phase shifters-

UNIT V 9
RF MEMS filters- Modeling of mechanical filters and resonators- SAW filters-
Micromachined filters for millimeter wave applications-
TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:
1. H-J-D-Santos- RF MEMS Circuit Design for Wireless Communications-
Artech House - 2002-
2. G-M-Rebeiz - RF MEMS Theory - Design and Technology- wiley - 2003-
REFERENCES:
3. V-K-Varadan etal- RF MEMS and their Applications- Wiley-2003
4. Maloratsky- “ Passive RF and Microwave Integrated Circuits” Elsavier-2008
NANO EECTRONICS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
Unit I Introduction 10

Nano and Nature- our technologies and the world we live in-Nano the Beginning-
Electron microscopes-Scanning probe microscopes- Optical microscopes for
Nano technology- X Ray diffraction-Associated Techniques.

Unit II Diversity in Nano systems 10

Fullerenes –Synthesis and purification- Mass spectrometry and Ion/Molecule


Reactions/Chemistry of fullerenes- Endohedral chemistry-conductivity and super
conductivity in doped fullerenes-Carbon nanotubes- synthesis and purification-
electronic structure-transport-mechanical- physical properties- applications-
Semiconductor Quantum Dots- synthesis and Applications.

Unit III Metal Nano Particles and Nano Shells 10

Method of preparation– characterization- functions and Applications-core shell


Nano particles- Types characterization- functions and Applications-Nano shells
types- Types characterization-Properties-Applications.

Unit IV Evolving Interfaces in Nano 10

Nano biology- Interaction between Bio molecules and Nano particle surfaces-
applications of Nano in biology- microprobes for medical diagnosis and
Biotechnology- current status-Nano sensors-order from chaos- applications-
smart dust sensors-Nano medicines various kinds- future directions.

Unit V Society and Nano Technology 10

Introduction- Industrial revolution to Nano revolution-Implications of Nano


sciences Nano technology on society- Issues-Nano policies and institutions-
Nanotech and war- Nano arms race- harnessing Nano technology for economic
and social development.

1 Total: 50 Hours
Textbook:
1. T.Pradeep, “ Nano: The Essentials, Understanding Nano science and
Nano technology, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.

References:
1. H.S. Nalwa (Ed.), “ Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and
Nanotechnology,Vol1-10, American
Scientific Publishers, 2004.
2. C.N.R.Rao and A. Govindaraj, “Nanotubes and Nanowires, Royal Society
of Chemistry, London,
2005.
3. Jones, Richard A.L., “ Soft Machines: Nanotechnology and Life, Oxford
University Press, 2004.
LIST OF ELECTIVES FOR
B-E- ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG-
SEMESTER VIII

WIRELESS NETWORKS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Introduction –Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Technology –
Electromagnetic Spectrum – Radio Propagation Mechanisms - Characteristics of the
Wireless Channel – Wireless LANs and PANs – Fundamentals of WLANs – IEEE 802-
11 Standard – HIPERLAN Standard – Bluetooth – Home RF – Wireless Sensor
Networks – Optical Wireless Networks-

UNIT II NETWORK PRINCIPLES 9

Air-Interface Design - Radio Propagation Mechanisms – Path Loss Modeling and


Signal Coverage – Effects of Multipath and Doppler- Channel Measurement and
Modeling techniques – Simulation of Radio Channel –Wireless Medium Access
Alternatives – Fixed Assignment Access for Voice-Oriented Networks – Random
Access for Data-Oriented Networks – Integration of Voice and Data Traffic– Wireless
Network Topologies – Cellular Topology – Cell Fundamentals – Signal-to-Interference
Ratio Calculation – Capacity Expansion Techniques

UNIT III NETWORK OPERATIONS 9

Wireless Network Operation – Mobility Management – Radio Resources and Power


Management – Radio Resources and Power Management – Security in Wireless
Networks - Wireless WANs – GSM and TDMA Technology –CDMA Technology – IS-
95 and IMT-2000 – Mobile Data Networks – CDPD Networks – GPRS - Mobile
Application Protocols-

UNIT IV INFRASTRUCTURELESS NETWORK 9

Introduction – Issues in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks – Medium Access Scheme –


Routing - Multicasting – Transport Layer Protocols – Pricing Scheme – Quality of
Service Provisioning –Self Organization – Security – Addressing and Service
Discovery – Energy Management – Scalability – Deployment Considerations – Ad Hoc
Wireless Internet-

UNIT V MAC PROTOCOLS 9

Introduction – Issues in Designing a MAC Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks –


Bandwidth Efficiency – Quality of Service Support – Synchronization –Hidden and
Exposed Terminal Problems – Error-Prone Shared Broadcast Channel - Distributed
Nature/Lack of Central Coordination – Mobility of Nodes- Design Goals of a MAC
Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks – Classification of MAC Protocols – Contention
Based Protocols – Contention Based Protocols with Reservation Mechanisms –
Contention Based Protocols with Scheduling Mechanisms – MAC Protocols That Use
Directional Antennas – Other MAC Protocols-

TOTAL: 45

TEXT BOOKS:

1.Kaveh Pahlavan- Prashant Krishnamurthy “Principles of Wireless Networks”-


Pearson Education- Delhi- 2002 and PHI- 2005
2.C- Siva Ram Murthy and B- S- Manoj “Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and
Protocols”- Pearson Education -2nd Edition -Delhi -2004.

REFERENCES:

3. Ron Price, Fundamentals of Wireless Networking, TMH,2007.


4. William Stallings- “Wireless Communication and Networks”- Pearson Education-
Delhi- 2002
5 .Dharma Prakash Agarwal and Qing – An Zeng- “Introduction to Wireless and Mobile
ystems”- 2nd Edition- Thomson Learning- New Delhi- 2007
TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING NETWORKS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I MULTIPLEXING 9

Transmission Systems- FDM – TDM - Line Coding - SONET/SDH: SONET


Multiplexing Overview- SONET Frame Formats- SONET Operations- Administration
and Maintenance- Payload Framing and Frequency Justification- Virtual Tributaries-
DS3 Payload Mapping- E4 Payload Mapping- SONET Optical Standards- SONET
Networks- SONET Rings: Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring- Bidirectional Line-
Switched Ring-

UNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9

Switching Functions- Space Division Switching- Time Division Switching- two-


dimensional Switching: STS Switching- TST Switching- No-4 ESS Toll Switch- Digital
Cross-Connect Systems- Digital Switching in an Analog Environment- Elements of
SSN07 signaling-

UNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9

Timing: Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop- Clock Instability- Jitter Measurements-


Systematic Jitter- Timing Inaccuracies: Slips- Asynchronous Multiplexing- Network
Synchronization- Network Control- Network Management-

UNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9

ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture- ISDN U Interface- ISDN D Channel
Protocol- High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber
Line- VDSL- Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier Systems-
Integrated Digital Loop Carrier Systems- Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier- Fiber in
the Loop- Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems- Voice band Modems: PCM Modems- Local
Microwave Distribution Service- Digital Satellite Services-

UNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9

Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions- Holding Time Distributions- Loss


Systems- Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking Probabilities- Overflow
Traffic- Delay Systems: Exponential service Times- Constant Service Times- Finite
Queues-

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Bellamy John- “Digital Telephony”- John Wily & Sons- Inc- 3rd edn- 2000-
2. Thiagarajan Viswanathan,”Telecommunication switching systems and
Networks”-PHI-2004

REFERENCES:
3. D N Krishna Kumar- “Telecommunication & Switching”- Sanguine Technical
Publishers- Bangalore-2006

4. J.E.Flood, Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks, Pearson


Education Ltd, New Delhi, 2001.
5. Syed R Ali, Digital switching systems, McGraw-Hill, New York 1998.
SATELLITE COMMUNICATION
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I ORBIT DYNAMICS 9
Kepler’s Three laws of Planetary motion- Definition of terms for Earth-Orbiting
Satellites- orbital elements- orbital parameters- orbital perturbations- station keeping-
frequency allocation- non Geo-stationary orbits- Geo stationary orbits- sun transit
outages- limits of visibility- Look Angle determination-Sub satellite point- Elevation
Angle Calculation- Azimuth angle calculation- Launching of Geo Stationary satellites-
UNIT II SPACE SEGMENT AND LINK DESIGN 9
Space Segment: Power Supply – Attitude Control – Spinning Satellite Stabilization –
Momentum Wheel Stabilization – Station Keeping – Thermal Control – TT&C
Subsystem – Transponders – Wideband Receiver – Input Demultiplexer – Power
Amplifier – Antenna Subsystem-
Link Design: Satellite up link – down link- link power budget- c/no- G/T- Noise
temperature- System noise- propagation factors- rain and ice effects- polarization-
UNIT III SATELLITE ACCESS 9
Modulation and Multiplexing: Voice- Data- Video- Analog – digital transmission system-
Multiple access: FDMA systems- TDMA systems- Beam Switching and Satellite
Switched TDMA- CDMA
UNIT IV EARTH SEGMENT 9
Transmitters- receivers- Antennas- Terrestrial Interface- TVRO- MATV- CATV- Test
Equipments- Measurements on G/T- C/No- EIRP- Antenna Gain-
UNIT V SATELLITE APPLICATIONS 9
INTELSAT Series- INSAT- VSAT- Weather service- Remote sensing- mobile satellite
services: GSM- GPS- INMARSAT- Satellite Navigational System- Direct Broadcast
satellites (DBS)- Direct to home Broadcast (DTH)- Digital audio broadcast (DAB)-
Business TV(BTV)- GRAMSAT- Digital video Broadcast-

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Dennis Roddy- ‘Satellite Communication’- Tata McGraw Hill-2006
2. Wilbur L- Pritchard- Hendri G- Suyderhoud- Robert A- Nelson- ‘Satellite
Communication Systems Engineering’- Pearson/Prentice Hall- II Edition- 1993
3. Pratt and Bostian “ Satellite Communication” John Wiley - 2001
REFERENCES:
4. Timothy Pratt - Charles Bostian & Jeremy Allmuti- Satellite Communications-
John Willy & Sons (Asia) Pvt- Ltd- 2004
5. M-Richharia : Satellite Communication Systems (Design Principles)Pearson
Second Edition 2005
ADVANCED ELECTRONIC SYSTEM DESIGN
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I DESIGN OF POWER SUPPLIES 9

DC power supply - using transistors and SCRs- Design of crowbar and foldback
protection circuits- Switched mode power supplies- Forward- flyback- buck and boost
converters- Design of transformers and control circuits for SMPS-

UNIT II DESIGN OF DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS 9

Low level signals Amplification – Principles of Grounding- Shielding and Guarding


techniques- A/D converters: Dual slope- quad slope and high speed- Microprocessors
Compatible A/D converters- Multiplying A/D converters and Logarithmic A/D
converters- Sample and Hold- two and four wire transmitters Design -

UNIT III RF DESIGN METHODOLOGY 9

Behavior of RF passive components-Chip components and circuit board


considerations- Review of transmission lines- Impedance and admittance
transformation- Parallel and series connection of networks- ABCD and scattering
parameters- Analysis of amplifier using scattering parameter- RF filter – Basic
resonator and filter configurations – Butterworth and Chebyshev filters- Implementation
of micro strip filter- Band pass filter and cascading of band pass filter elements-

UNIT IV RF TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER DESIGN 9

Impedance matching using discrete components- Micro strip line matching networks-
Amplifier classes of operation and biasing networks – Amplifier power gain- Unilateral
design(S12 =0) – Simple input and output matching networks – Bilateral design -
Stability circle -conditional stability- Simultaneous conjugate matching for
unconditionally stable transistors- Broadband amplifiers- High power amplifiers and
multistage amplifiers- -

UNIT V DESIGN OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 9

Technology of printed circuit boards (PCB)- General lay out -rules and parameters-
PCB design rules for Digital- High Frequency- Analog- Power Electronics and
Microwave circuits- Computer Aided design of PCBs-

TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Sydney Soclof- “Applications of Analog Integrated Circuits”- Pearson/Prentice
Hall of India- 1990-
2. Walter C-Bosshart- “Printed circuit Boards – Design and Technology”- TATA
McGraw-Hill- 1983-
REFERENCES :

3. Reinhold Luduig and Pavel Bretchko- RF Circuit Design – Theory and


Applications- Pearson Education- 2000-
4. Keith H-Billings- “Handbook of Switched Mode Supplies” McGraw-Hill
Publishing Co-- 1989-
5. Michael Jaacob- “Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits”
pearson/Prentice Hall of India- 1991-
OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I ELEMENTS OF LIGHT AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS 9

Wave nature of light- Polarization- Interference- Diffraction- Light Source- review of


Quantum Mechanical concept- Review of Solid State Physics- Review of
Semiconductor Physics and Semiconductor Junction Device-

UNIT II DISPLAY DEVICES AND LASERS 9

Introduction- Photo Luminescence- Cathode Luminescence- Electro Luminescence-


Injection Luminescence- Injection Luminescence- LED- Plasma Display- Liquid Crystal
Displays- Numeric Displays- Laser Emission- Absorption- Radiation- Population
Inversion- Optical Feedback- Threshold condition- Laser Modes- Classes of Lasers-
Mode Locking- laser applications-

UNIT III OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICES 9

Photo detector- Thermal detector- Photo Devices- Photo Conductors- Photo diodes-
Detector Performance-

UNIT IV OPTOELECTRONIC MODULATOR 9

Introduction- Analog and Digital Modulation- Electro-optic modulators- Magneto Optic


Devices- Acoustoptic devices- Optical- Switching and Logic Devices-

UNIT V OPTOELECTRONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 9

Introduction- hybrid and Monolithic Integration- Application of Opto Electronic


Integrated Circuits- Integrated transmitters and Receivers- Guided wave devices-
TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1. J- Wilson and J-Haukes- “Opto Electronics – An Introduction”- Pearson/Prentice
Hall of India Pvt- Ltd-- New Delhi- 2007-
2- Bhattacharya “Semiconductor Opto Electronic Devices”- Pearson/Prentice Hall
of India Pvt-- Ltd-- New Delhi- 2006-

REFERENCES:

3. Jasprit Singh- “Opto Electronics – As Introduction to materials and devices”


McGraw-Hill International Edition- 1998
4. Joachim Piprek, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Elsavier-2003
5 S. O. Kasap, Safa Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and
Practices,PHI-2001
TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM MODELING AND SIMULATION
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I SIMULATION OF RANDOM VARIABLES RANDOM PROCESS 9

Generation of random numbers and sequence- Gaussian and uniform random


numbers Correlated random sequences- Testing of random numbers generators-
Stationary and uncorrelated noise- Goodness of fit test-

UNIT II MODELING OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS 9

Radio frequency and optical sources- Analog and Digital signals- Communication
channel and models- Free space channels- Multipath channel and Discrete channel
Noise and Interference-

UNIT III ESTIMATION OF PERFORMANCE MEASURE FOR SIMULATION 9


Quality of estimator- Estimation of SNR- Probability density function and bit error rate-
Monte Carlo method- Importance sampling method- Extreme value theory-

UNIT IV SIMULATION AND MODELING METHODOLOGY 9


Simulation environment- Modeling considerations- Performance evaluation techniques-
Error source simulation- Validation-
UNIT V CASE STUDIES 9

Simulations of QAM digital radio link in environment Light wave communication link
and satellite system-
TOTAL: 45
TEXT BOOKS :
1. MC-Jeruchim- P-Balaban and Sam K Shanmugam- "Simulation of
communication Systems: Modeling- Methodology and Techniques "- Plenum
press- New York- 2001-
2. Averill-M-Law and W-David Kelton- "Simulation Modeling and Analysis”- Tata
McGraw-Hill 2007.

REFERENCES:
3. Geoffrey Gorden- "System Simulation"- Prentice Hall of India- 2nd Edition-
1992-
4. W-Turin- "Performance Analysis of Digital Communication Systems"- Computer
Science Press- New York- 1990-
5. Jerry banks and John S-Carson- "Discrete Event System Simulation"- Prentice
Hall of India
RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO RADAR 9

Basic Radar –The simple form of the Radar Equation- Radar Block Diagram-
Radar Frequencies –Applications of Radar – The Origins of Radar-The Radar
Equation-Detection of Signals in Noise- Receiver Noise and the Signal-to-Noise Ratio-
Probability Density Functions- Probabilities of Detection and False Alarm- Integration
of Radar Pulses- Radar Cross Section of Targets- Radar cross Section Fluctuations-
Transmitter Power-Pulse Repetition Frequency- Antenna Parameters-System losses –
Other Radar Equation Considerations-

UNIT II MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR 9

Doppler and MTI Radar- Delay –Line Cancelers- Staggered Pulse Repetition
Frequencies –Doppler Filter Banks - Digital MTI Processing - Moving Target Detector -
Limitations to MTI Performance - MTI from a Moving Platform (AMIT) - Pulse Doppler
Radar – Other Doppler Radar Topics- Tracking with Radar –Monopulse Tracking –
Conical Scan and Sequential Lobing - Limitations to Tracking Accuracy - Low-Angle
Tracking - Tracking in Range - Other Tracking Radar Topics -Comparison of Trackers -
Automatic Tracking with Surveillance Radars (ADT).

UNIT III RADAR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER 9

Radar Transmitters:

Linear Beam Power Tubes - Solid State RF Power Sources - Magnetron -


Crossed Field Amplifiers - Other RF Power Sources - Other aspects of Radar
Transmitter-

Radar Receivers :

The Radar Receiver - Receiver noise Figure - Superheterodyne Receiver -


Duplexers and Receiver Protectors- Radar Displays.

Detection of Signals in Noise :

Matched –Filter Receiver –Detection Criteria – Detectors –-Automatic Detector -


Integrators - Constant-False-Alarm Rate Receivers - The Radar operator - Signal
Management - Propagation Radar Waves - Atmospheric Refraction -Standard
propagation - Nonstandard Propagation - The Radar Antenna - Reflector Antennas -
Electronically Steered Phased Array Antennas - Phase Shifters - Frequency-Scan
Arrays.
UNIT IV RADIO DIRECTION FINDING & RANGES 9

The Loop Antenna - Loop Input Circuits - An Aural Null Direction Finder - The
Goniometer - Errors in Direction Finding - Adcock Direction Finders - Direction Finding
at Very High Frequencies - Automatic Direction Finders - The Commutated Aerial
Direction Finder - Range and Accuracy of Direction Finders.

Radio Ranges :

The LF/MF Four course Radio Range - VHF Omni Directional Range(VOR) -
VOR Receiving Equipment - Range and Accuracy of VOR - Recent Developments.

Hyperbolic Systems of Navigation (Loran and Decca):

Loran-A - Loran-A Equipment - Range and precision of Standard Loran - Loran-


C - The Decca Navigation System - Decca Receivers - Range and Accuracy of Decca
- The Omega System.

UNIT V METHODS OF NAVIGATION 9

DME and TACAN : Distance Measuring Equipment - Operation of DME - TACAN -


TACAN Equipment.

Aids to Approach and Landing :

Instrument Landing System - Ground Controlled Approach System - Microwave


Landing System(MLS).

Doppler Navigation :

The Doppler Effect - Beam Configurations -Doppler Frequency Equations -


Track Stabilization - Doppler Spectrum - Components of the Doppler Navigation
System - Doppler range Equation - Accuracy of Doppler Navigation Systems.

Inertial Navigation :

Principles of Operation - Navigation Over the Earth - Components of an Inertial


Navigation System - Earth Coordinate Mechanization - Strapped-Down Systems -
Accuracy of Inertial Navigation Systems.

Satellite Navigation System :

The Transit System - Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS).


TOTAL: 45
REFERENCES:

1. Merrill I- Skolnik -" Introduction to Radar Systems"- Tata McGraw-Hill (3rd Edition)
2003
2. Peyton Z- Peebles:- "Radar Principles"- Johnwiley- 2004
3 J-C Toomay- " Principles of Radar"- 2nd Edition –PHI- 2004
4 Nadav Levanon-” Radar Signals”-1/E- IEEE Computer Society Press-2004
REMOTE SENSING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
UNIT I REMOTE SENSING 9

Definition – Components of Remote Sensing – Energy- Sensor- Interacting Body -


Active and Passive Remote Sensing – Platforms – Aerial and Space Platforms –
Balloons- Helicopters- Aircraft and Satellites – Synoptivity and Repetivity – Electro
Magnetic Radiation (EMR) – EMR spectrum – Visible- Infra Red (IR)- Near IR- Middle
IR - Thermal IR and Microwave – Black Body Radiation - Planck’s law – Stefan-
Boltzman law-

UNIT II EMR INTERACTION WITH ATMOSPHERE AND EARTH


ATERIALS 9

Atmospheric characteristics – Scattering of EMR – Raleigh- Mie- Non-selective and


Raman Scattering – EMR Interaction with Water vapour and ozone – Atmospheric
Windows – Significance of Atmospheric windows – EMR interaction with Earth Surface
Materials – Radiance- Irradiance- Incident- Reflected- Absorbed and Transmitted
Energy – Reflectance – Specular and Diffuse Reflection Surfaces- Spectral Signature
– Spectral Signature curves – EMR interaction with water- soil and Earth Surface

UNIT III OPTICAL AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING 9

Satellites - Classification – Based on Orbits – Sun Synchronous and Geo Synchronous


– Based on Purpose – Earth Resources Satellites- Communication Satellites- Weather
Satellites- Spy Satellites – Satellite Sensors - Resolution – Spectral- Spatial-
Radiometric and Temporal Resolution – Description of Multi Spectral Scanning – Along
and Across Track Scanners – Description of Sensors in Landsat- SPOT- IRS series –
Current Satellites - Radar – Speckle - Back Scattering – Side Looking Airborne Radar
– Synthetic Aperture Radar – Radiometer – Geometrical characteristics

UNIT IV GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM 9

GIS – Components of GIS – Hardware- Software and Organisational Context – Data –


Spatial and Non-Spatial – Maps – Types of Maps – Projection – Types of Projection -
Data Input – Digitizer- Scanner – Editing – Raster and Vector data structures –
Comparison of Raster and Vector data structure – Analysis using Raster and Vector
data – Retrieval- Reclassification- Overlaying- Buffering – Data Output – Printers and
Plotters
UNIT V APPLICATIONS 9
Visual Interpretation of Satellite Images – Elements of Interpretation - Interpretation
Keys Characteristics of Digital Satellite Image – Image enhancement – Filtering –
Classification - Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of Remote
Sensing and GIS – Urban Applications
- Integration of GIS and Remote Sensing – Application of Remote Sensing and GIS –
Water resources – Urban Analysis – Watershed Management – Resources Information
Systems
TOTAL: 45
REFERENCES:

1- Anji Reddy- Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems - BS


Publications 2001
2- M-G- Srinivas(Edited by)- Remote Sensing Applications- Narosa Publishing
House- 2001-
3- Lillesand T-M- and Kiefer R-W- Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation- John
Wiley and Sons- Inc- New York- 1987-
4- Janza-F-J-- Blue- H-M-- and Johnston- J-E-- "Manual of Remote Sensing Vol-I-
- American Society of Photogrammetry- Virginia- U-S-A- 1975-
5- Burrough P A- Principle of GIS for land resource assessment- Oxford- 1990
ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I FUNDAMENTAL OF ACOUSTICS 9


Acoustics waves – Linear wave equation – sound in fluids – Harmonic plane waves –
Energy density – Acoustics intensity – Specific acoustic impedance – spherical waves
– Describer scales-Transmission from one fluid to another normal and oblique
incidence – method of images-

UNIT II RADIATION AND RECEPTION 9


Radiation from a pulsating sphere – Acoustic reciprocity – continuous line source -
radiation impedance - Fundamental properties of transducers- Absorption from
viscosity – complex sound speed and absorption – classical absorption coefficient

UNIT III HEARING & SPEECH- PIPES RESONATORS AND FILTERS 9


Physiology of speech and hearing- fundamental properties of hearing – loudness level
and loudness – pitch and frequency – voice- Noise- spectrum level and band level –
combing band levels and tones – detecting signals in noise – detection threshold -
Resonance in pipes - standing wave pattern absorption of sound in pipes – long
wavelength limit – Helmoltz resonator - acoustic impedance - reflection and
transmission of waves in pipe - acoustic filters – low pass- high pass and band pass.

UNIT IV ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACOUSTICS 9


Sound in enclosure – A simple model for the growth of sound in a room – reverberation
time - Sabine- sound absorption materials – measurement of the acoustic output of
sound sources in live rooms – acoustics factor in architectural design-Weighted sound
levels speech interference – highway noise – noise induced hearing loss – noise and
architectural design specification and measurement of some isolation design of
portions-

UNIT V LOUD SPEAKERS & MICROPHONES 9


Transducer network – canonical equation for the two simple transducers transmitters –
moving coil loud speaker – loudspeaker cabinets – horn loud speaker- receivers –
condenser – microphone – moving coil electrodynamics microphone piezoelectric
microphone – calibration of receivers-
TOTAL: 45
REFERENCES :
1. Lawerence E-Kinsler- Austin- R-Frey- Alan B-Coppens- James V-Sanders-
Fundamentals of Acoustics- 4ht edition- Wiley- 2000-
2. Robert D.Finch, Introduction to Acoustics, PHI New Delhi 2008.
3. L-Berarek - “Acoustics” - McGraw-Hill 2000-
4. Frank J. Fahy ,Foundations of engineering Acoustics
4 Michael Möser, Engineering Acoustics, Springer; 1 edition (March 19, 2004)
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR)
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I IMPORTANCE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS 5

Introduction – Tangible and Intangible Properties- Intellectual property- an intangible


wealth and a product of creative mind – IPR and its significance- Types of IPRs-

UNIT II COPYRIGHTS AND RELATED ISSUSES 10

Works protected by copyright- Reproduction rights-moral rights-translation and


adaptation rights-copyright issues-Piracy- civil -criminal remedies-Infringement-
Patents – Copyrights of designs and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising
from Trademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits –
Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – Application
Procedures-

UNIT III INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT FOR THE PROTECTION OF IPR 10

Berne convention-Madrid agreement-Hague agreement-Patent cooperation treaty-


Paris convention-Lisbon Agreement - Establishment of WIPO – UPOV and WTO-
Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT)-

UNIT IV PATENTED INVENTION AND ADMINISTRATION 10

Significance of Patent information-classification of invention according to technology-


Novelty search and state of art search-Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian
IPR legislations – commitments to WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a
national Intellectual Property Policy – Present against unfair competition-

UNIT V APPLICATIONS 10

Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice- turmeric- Neem- etc-) – Copyright and
related rights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic
indications – Protection against unfair competition- Patent agents-Examiner of Patents-
IPR Managers-
TOTAL: 45
REFERENCES:
1. Prabuddha Ganguli, “Intellectual Property Rights,”TMH, 2001.
2. Subbaram N-R- “ Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “- S-
Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt- Ltd—1998.
3. Richard Stim, “Intellectual Property Copyrights, trademarks, and Patents,”
Cengage Learning India Private Ltd, 2004.
4. Deborah E. Bouchoux, “Intellectual Property Rights,” Cengage Learning India
Private Ltd, 2005.
5. Dr.Radhakrishnan & Balasubramani” IPR
6. Eli Whitney- United States Patent Number : 72X- Cotton Gin- March 14- 1794-
7. Intellectual Property Today : Volume 8- No- 5- May 2001- [www-iptoday-com]-
NETWORK SECURITY
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9
Security Goals- Attacks- Services- Mechanism- Techniques- Substitution and
Transposition ciphers- Stream and Black chippers- Data Encryption Standard - Multiple
DES– Advanced Encryption Standard(AES)-

UNIT II PUBLIC KEY CRYPTOGRAPHY 9


Introduction to Integer Arithmetic- Modular Arithmetic- Metrices- Linear Congruence -
RSA Cryptosystem- Elliptic Curve cryptosystem- Symmetric-key distribution-Kerberos-
Diffie-Hellman and Station-to-Station key agreement Public-key distribution

UNIT III AUTHENTICATION AND HASH FUNCTION 9


Message Integrity- Random oracle model-Message Authentication- Modification
detection code- Message authentication code Hash Functions- SHA – Digital
Signature – Biometrics

UNIT IV SECURITY and POLICIES 9


E-Mail Security – PGP – S/MIME - SSL Architecture- Transport Layer Security- IP
Security – Security Policy-

UNIT V SYSTEM LEVEL SECURITY 9

Intrusion detection – password management – Viruses and related Threats – Virus


Counter measures – Firewall Design Principles – Trusted Systems-
TOTAL: 45

REFERENCES:
1. Behrouz A- Forouzan- “Cryptography And Network Security – Principles and
Practices” Tata McGraw-Hill- 2006
2. Charles B- Pfleeger- Shari Lawrence Pfleeger- “Security in Computing”- Third
Edition- Pearson Education- 2003
3. William Stallings- “Cryptography And Network Security – Principles and
Practices”- Pearson/Prentice Hall of India- Fourth Edition- 2006
4. Atul Kahate- “Cryptography and Network Security”- Tata McGraw-Hill- 2003
5. Jan Harrington- “Network Security” - Elsavier- 2008
MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9

Design and realization of Power Dividers: Hybrids- directional couplers etc using Strip
lines and Microstrip lines-

UNIT II 9

Filter Design: Kuroda identities - K inverter – J inverter- Filter Transformations-


Realization using Strip line and Microstrip line-

UNIT III 9

Transistor Amplifier: Power gain equations- stability considerations- Analysis and


Design using MICs

UNIT IV 9

Transistor Oscillators: Active Devices for Microwave Oscillators- Three port S


parameter characterization of transistors- Oscillation and stability conditions-

UNIT V 9

Diode Mixers : Mixer Design- Single ended mixer- Balanced mixer- Image Rejection
mixer- Phase shifter Design- PIN diode- Phase shifter-

TOTAL: 45

REFERENCES:

1 I-J-Bahl & P-Bhartia: Microwave Solid State Circuit Design- Wiley Interscience-
1987-
2 G-D Vendelin- Design of Amplifier and Oscillator by the S parameter method-
John Wiley- 1982
3 T-C- Edwards- Foundations for Microstrip Circuit Design- (2/e)- John Wiley-
1992
4 K.C.Gupta etal- Microstrip Lines and Slotlines- Artech House Publishers-2005
NETWORK PROCESSORS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I Protocol processing 9

Traditional Protocol Processing Systems: - Network Processing Hardware - Basic


Packet Processing: Algorithms And Data Structures - Packet processing functions -
Protocol Software - Hardware Architectures For Protocol Processing - Classification
And Forwarding – Switching Fabrics-

UNIT II NETWORK PROCESSOR TECHNOLOGY 9

Network Processors: Motivation And Purpose - Complexity Of Network Processor


Design - Network Processor Architectures: architectural variety- architectural
characteristics- Peripheral Chips Supporting Network Processors: Storage Processors-
Classification Processors- Search Engines- Switch Fabrics- Traffic Managers-

UNIT III COMMERCIAL NETWORK PROCESSORS 9

Multi-Chip Pipeline- Augmented RISC Processor- Embedded Processor Plus


Coprocessors- Pipeline Of Homogeneous Processors - Configurable Instruction Set
Processors - Pipeline Of Heterogeneous Processors - Extensive And Diverse
Processors - Flexible RISC Plus Coprocessors - Scalability issues - Design Tradeoffs
and consequences-

UNIT IV ARCHITECTURE AND PROGRAMMING 9

Architecture:
Intel Network Processor: Multithreaded Architecture Overview – Features - Embedded
RISC processor - Packet Processor Hardware – Memory Interfaces – System and
Control Interface Components –- Bus Interface-
Programming:
Software Development Kit – IXP Instruction set – register formats -Micro Engine
Programming – intra thread and inter-thread communication – thread synchronization
– developing sample applications – Strong-Arm programming-
UNIT V IOS TECHNOLOGIES 9

CISCO IOS - Connectivity and scalability – high availability – IP routing – IP services –


IPv6 – Mobile IP – MPLS – IP Multicast – Manageability – QoS – security – switching –
layer 2 VPN
TOTAL: 45
REFERENCES:
1 Douglas E- Comer ”Network Systems Design using Network Processors”-
Pearson/Prentice Hall- Jan 2003-
2 Panos C Lekkas- “Network Processors : Architectures- Protocols and
Paradigms (Telecom Engineering) ”- McGraw-Hill Professional- 2003-
3 Patrick Crowley- M A Franklin- H Hadimioglu- PZ Onufryk- “Network Processor
Design- Issues and Practices Vol - I”- Morgan Kaufman- 2002-
4 Patrick Crowley- M A Franklin- H Hadimioglu- PZ Onufryk- “Network Processor
Design- Issues and Practices Vol - II”- Morgan Kaufman- 2003
GENETIC ALGORITHM
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I 9
Fundamentals of genetic algorithm: A brief history of evolutionary computation-
biological terminology-search space -encoding- reproduction-elements of genetic
algorithm-genetic modeling-comparison of GA and traditional search methods-

UNIT II 9
Genetic technology: steady state algorithm - fitness scaling - inversion- Genetic
programming - Genetic Algorithm in problem solving

UNIT III 9
Genetic Algorithm in engineering and optimization-natural evolution –Simulated
annealing and Tabu search -Genetic Algorithm in scientific models and theoretical
foundations-

UNIT IV 9
Implementing a Genetic Algorithm – computer implementation - low level operator and
knowledge based techniques in Genetic Algorithm-

UNIT V 9
Applications of Genetic based machine learning-Genetic Algorithm and parallel
processors- composite laminates- constraint optimization- multilevel optimization- real
life problem-
TOTAL: 45

REFERENCES:.

1- Melanie Mitchell- ’An introduction to Genetic Algorithm’- Prentice-Hall of India- New


Delhi- Edition: 2004
2- David-E-Golberg- ’Genetic algorithms in search- optimization and machine learning’-
Addision-Wesley-1999
3- S-Rajasekaran and G-A Vijayalakshmi Pai-’Neural Networks- Fuzzy logic and
Genetic Algorithms- Synthesis and Applications’- Prentice Hall of India- New Delhi-
2003
4- Nils-J-Nilsson- “Artificial Intelligence- A new synthesis’- Morgan Kauffmann
Publishers Inc- San Francisco-California-1998
ARM SYSTEM ARCHITECHTURE AND APPLICATION
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

UNIT I The ARM Architecture 9


ARM Embedded system-ARM processor fundamentals-ARM instruction
set- The Thumb instruction set-ARM processor cores- ARM assembly language
programming.

UNIT II Architectural support for High level language 9

Writing and optimizing ARM assembly code-Instruction schedules-


Register allocation –Conditional execution- looping constructs- Bit manipulation-
Function and procedures- use of memory

UNIT III Architectural support for System Development 9


The ARM memory interface-The advanced Microcontroller bus
architecture(AMBA)-Hardware system prototyping tools-the ARMulator-
The JTAG boundary scan test architecture-The ARM Embedded trace- debug
architecture-Signal processing support-DSP on the ARM-Architectural support for
OS

UNIT IV Memory hierarchy and ARM CPU cores 9

Caches-Memory protection unit-Memory management unit-ARM CPU


cores-The AMULET asynchronous ARM Processors

UNIT V Embedded ARM Applications 9

Embedded Operating systems-Principle components-Simple operating


system.The VLSI Ruby II Advanced communication processor-The VLSI ISDN
subscriber processor-The one CTMVWS22100 GSM chip-The Ericsson –VLSI
Bluetooth Baseband Controller-The ARM 7500 and ARM 7500FE.The ARM
7100-The SA-1100

REFERENCES

1.Steve Furber,”ARM System-on-chip architecture” Addison Wesley,2000

2.Andrew N.SLOSS,Dominic SYMES,Chris Wright,”ARM System Developer’s


Guide,Designing and optimizing system software”,Morgan Kaufmann,2007.

3. David Seal , “ARM Architecture Reference Manual”, Pearson Education


,2007
TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

1. INTRODUCTION 9
Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs -
Analysis Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality
Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership – Concepts,
Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic
Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation.

2. TQM PRINCIPLES 9
Customer satisfaction – Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints,
Service Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement – Motivation,
Empowerment, Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal,
Benefits, Continuous Process Improvement – Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S,
Kaizen, Supplier Partnership – Partnering, sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier
Rating, Relationship Development, Performance Measures – Basic Concepts,
Strategy, Performance Measure-Business Excellence Model-Rajiv Gandhi
National Quality Award

3. STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC) 9

The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals – Measures of central


Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts
for variables and attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven
Management tools.

4. TQM TOOLS 9
Benchmarking – Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality
Function Deployment (QFD) – House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi
Quality Loss Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) – Concept,
Improvement Needs, FMEA – Stages of FMEA.

5. QUALITY SYSTEMS 9
Introduction, Consensus, Scope, Selection and Use of the ISO 9000:2000 , The
ISO 9000 Family, Implementing the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management
System.– Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality
Auditing, QS 9000, ISO 14000 – Concept, Requirements and Benefits.
REFERENCES:
1. Subburaj Ramasamy,Total Quality Mangement,Tata McGraw
Hill,NewDelhi,2007.
2. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., Total Quality Management, Pearson
Education Asia, 1999. (Indian reprint 2002).
3. James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of
Quality, (6th Edition), South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005
(ISBN 978-81-315-0136-8)
4. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management – Concepts and
Tasks,
New Age International 1996.
5. Zeiri. “Total Quality Management for Engineers ,Wood Head Publishers,
1991.
CONSUMER AND ENTERTAINMENT ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3

1. Introduction 9

Review of Electronics circuits, Microprocessor/microcontrollers and interfacing,


Digital signal Processing, Embedded systems, PC interfacing Product Design
fundamentals- Identifying Customer needs –Product specification – Product
architecture- Industrial design- Managing projects

2. Home entertainment 10

Home Gateway, DTV, DVB, Home Theatre, Games systems, Advanced DVD
and CD, HDTV and Flat panel, 3D TV Technologies, Set top Box, Internet TV,
Home Networking in Embedded Devices.

4. Mobile computing and communication 9

Handheld and wearable computers, AV streaming to handheld devices, Smart


antennas

4. Automotive Entertainment and information 9

Navigation, Driver assistance, sensors and control

5. Enabling technologies 10

Power and batteries, Human computer Interface, compliance testing - EMC/RFI,


Environmental, Special needs and assistive technologies, Standards, Quality,
Reliability prediction and Engineering.

Text books:
1.Consumer Electronics for Engineers by Philip Hoff ,Cambridge University
PressISBN 0 521 58207 5
2.Product Design and development Karl T Ulrich Steven D Eppinger Tata
McGraw Hill ISBN 0 07 058513 X 2003

References:
1. Hardware Bible nby Winn Rosch Techmedia publications ISBN 81 87105 23 2
2. The students must be directed to build ideas based on various websearch:
Typically : www.icce.org
3. Website of SONY, Toshiba, LG, Philips will provide more insights.
MOBILE ADHOC NETWORKS
L T P M C
3 0 0 100 3
1. Wireless Ad Hoc Communication Technologies 9

Wireless LANs(W-LANs) - W-LAN Network configuratios-IEEE 802.11 protocol


specifications-ETSI Hiper LAN:layers,services, and entities-Bluetooth:Network
configuration-protocol stack-topologies-applications-Short-range Ad Hoc
Configurations:Body area network-wireless personal area
network.

2. Dynamic Routing 9

Network model-Routing for wired networks:Decentralized and Global Routing


Algorithm-Routing in mobile wireless networks-Routing and mobility management
in infrastructured wireless networks:location tracking and updating the location
database-Mobile wireless networks:route discovery,route maintenanc
e,androuting protocol
categories.

3. Transport Layer and Security Protocols 9

Design of transport layer protocol for Ad Hoc wireless network-classification of


transport layer solution-TCP over Ad Hoc wireless network-security in Ad Hoc
wireless network:requirements-issues and challenges in security provisioning-
attacks-key management-secure routing in Ad Hoc wireless
network.

4. Quality of Service Sensitive Routing 9

Routing with Quality of Service (QoS) consraints-QoS in Infrastructured wireless


mobile networks-hurdles for multimedia in mobile multihop wireless networks-
Reference framework:Functional specifications-Application model and QoS
bands-QoS mapping-QoS manager-call admission block-bandwidth reservation-
resource adaptation-degradation policies-packet sorter and shaper-scheduler-
medium access control-channel allocation-end to end path bandwidth
calculation-slot assignment phase.

5. Energy Management and Multihop Relaying 9

Classification of Energy management schemes-Battery management schemes-


Transmission power and System power management schemes-3G Networks
versus W-LAN-potential of multihop relaying in future generation systems-future
of ad hoc networking.

Total: 45 hrs.
References:

1. George Aggelou,“Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Tata McGraw Hill Education


Private Limited,New Delhi,2009.

2. Siva Ram Murthy C and Manoj B S, “Ad Hoc Wireless Networks:


Architectures and Protocols”,Prentice Hall,June 2004.

3. Charles E Perkins, “Ad Hoc Networking”,Addison-Wesley,2001.

4. Toh C K, “Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols and


Systems”,Prentice hall,2001.

5. Basangi S,Marco Conti,Silvia Giordano,Ivan Stojmenovi and


Cacute,”Mobile Ad Hoc Networking”,John Wiley and Sons,2004.