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01 - General

01 – 01 Scope
All chilled and refrigeration pipework and air-conditioning ductwork shall be insulated to prevent
condensation, freezing and energy losses. Associated equipment, flanges, fittings and supports shall
also be insulated.

Sound insulation of engineering service pipe and ductwork to prevent nuisance mechanical service
noise shall also be considered.

01 – 02 Standard References
The materials, components and completed installations shall conform to applicable Standards current at
the time of tendering.

Relevant standards may include:

BS 476 Fire Tests on Building Materials and Structures.


BS 874 Methods of determining thermal properties, with definitions of thermal
insulating terms.
BS 3533 Glossary of terms relating to thermal insulation.
BS 5970 Thermal insulation of pipework and equipment in the temperature range of
-100oC to + 870oC

01 – 03 Services to be Insulated
All chilled, cold and refrigeration pipework and air-conditioning ductwork shall be insulated to prevent
condensation, freezing and energy losses. Associated equipment, flanges, fittings and supports shall
also be insulated.

Sound insulation of engineering service pipe and ductwork to prevent nuisance mechanical service
noise shall also be considered.

01 – 04 Pipework Clearances
Shall, be sufficient to allow for the full thickness of insulation specified to be applied.

Be sufficient to allow for the application of high density insulated pipe supports between the pipe and
any pipe clips or hangers. This will also include provision for acoustic de-coupling materials.

02 – Materials

02 – 01 General
All insulation materials shall be:-

Obtained, where available from an ISO 9001:2000 “quality systems” and ISO 14001:2004
“environmental systems” certified manufacturer.

Shown to be Formaldehyde free in order not to contribute towards the maximum long term exposure
limit of 2 parts per million (as recommended by the HSE).

Shown to inhibit the growth of mould.

All Armaflex materials shall be installed as to the manufacturers recommendations using Armaflex
Adhesive 520 or Armaflex Adhesive HT625 as appropriate.

Insulation installed in locations exposed to weather conditions shall be provided with a suitable
weather resistant finish.
All thermal insulation shall have an ozone depletion potential (ODP) of 0 as required.

03 – Insulation

03 – 01 Selection
Shall be:-

For hot water service pipework

Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber with a Class O fire rating when tested under BS 476 Part 6
and BS 476 Part 7. The material shall be CFC and H-CFC free. The material shall incorporate
Microban anti-microbial protection to actively inhibit the growth of mould.

For cold water service pipework

Internal applications
Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber with a Class O fire rating when tested under BS
476 Part 6 and BS 476 Part 7. The thickness of insulation shall be sufficient to prevent
condensation and freezing under specified conditions. The material shall be CFC and H-CFC
free. The material shall incorporate Microban anti-microbial protection to actively inhibit the
growth of mould.

External applications
UV resistant HT/Armaflex elastomeric EPDM rubber. The thickness of insulation shall be
sufficient to prevent freezing under specified conditions. The material shall be CFC and H-
CFC free.

Or:

Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber painted using Armafinish UV resistant paint.

For low and medium temperature heating service pipework

Internal applications
Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber with a Class O fire rating when tested under BS
476 Part 6 and BS 476 Part 7. The material shall be CFC and H-CFC free. The material shall
incorporate Microban anti-microbial protection to actively inhibit the growth of mould.

External applications
UV resistant HT/Armaflex elastomeric EPDM rubber. The material shall be CFC and H-CFC
free.

Or:

Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber painted using Armafinish UV resistant paint.

For ductwork

Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber with a Class O fire rating when tested under BS 476 Part 6
and BS 476 Part 7. The thickness of insulation shall be sufficient to prevent condensation. The
material shall be CFC and H-CFC free. The material shall incorporate Microban anti-microbial
protection to actively inhibit the growth of mould.

03 – 02 Thermal Insulation Materials


Material Temp Range “K” Value ODP GWP Fire Typical
W/mK at Rating Rating Class material
mean temp density kg/m3
Class O Armaflex -196ºC to 0.034 @ 0ºC 0 0 Class O To be around
+105ºC 0.036 @ 20ºC 65
HT/Armaflex -196ºC to 0.038 @ 0ºC 0 0 Class 1 65
+150ºC 0.04 @ 20ºC

04 – Protection and Protective Coverings

04 – 01 Internal Coverings
Shall be:

For Class O Armaflex elastomeric nitrile rubber:

For high level insulated pipework or concealed insulated pipework:

no additional protective covering shall be required.

For exposed pipework at low levels:

“Arma-Chek D” woven glass fibre cloth bonded using an appropriate full contact adhesive
with a minimum 50 mm overlap at all butt joints and longitudinal seams. Installation shall be
in all cases to the manufacturers recommendations.

All excess adhesive visible on the surface of the completed assembly shall be removed using
an appropriate cleaning material.

04 – 02 External Coverings
Shall be:

For HT/Armaflex:

No covering shall normally be required when using HT/Armaflex outdoors due to the natural
in-built resistance against UV degradation.

For Class O Armaflex elastomeric Nitrile rubber:

Either:

UV resistant “Arma-Chek D” woven glass fibre cloth bonded using an appropriate full contact
adhesive with a minimum 50 mm overlap at all butt joints and longitudinal seams. A weather
proof mastic sealant shall be applied over all seams and joints. All material shall be
overlapped and staggered in such a way as to ensure a watershed is always provided.
Installation shall be in all cases to the manufacturers recommendations.

All excess adhesive visible on the surface of the completed assembly shall be removed using
an appropriate cleaning material.

Or

High density rubber cladding of the “Arma-Chek R” type bonded using an appropriate full
contact adhesive with a minimum 50 mm overlap at all butt joints and longitudinal seams. A
weather proof mastic sealant shall be applied over all seams and joints. All material shall be
overlapped and staggered in such a way as to ensure a watershed is always provided..
Installation shall be in all cases to the manufacturers recommendations.
All excess adhesive visible on the surface of the completed assembly shall be removed using
an appropriate cleaning material.

04 – 03 Vapour Barriers
Shall be:

For HT/Armaflex:

Built into the insulation material. The insulation shall have a moisture resistance factor no
less than 2,500. No additional external water vapour barrier shall be necessary.

For Class O Armaflex elastomeric Nitrile rubber:

Built into the insulation material. The insulation shall have a moisture resistance factor no
less than 7,000 (this is equivalent to a water vapour permeability of 2.79 · 10(-14) kg/(m s Pa)
tested under BS EN ISO 9346:1996). No additional external water vapour barrier shall be
necessary.

04 – 04 Insulation of Pipework Supports


Shall:-

In all cases have all pipe clips and hangers attached to the outside of the insulation. Metal saddles to be
used to prevent crushing of the insulation.

Be applied such that pipes are acoustically de-coupled from the building structure. This clause will
only be satisfied by the application of a flexible material between the pipework and any pipe clips or
hangers. High density rubber pipe supports of the “Armaload” type shall be preferred although flexible
insulation of standard insulation densities may also be permissible provided pipe clips or hangers are
installed in such a way that the insulation itself is not crushed.

On cold lines be insulated with a thickness sufficient to prevent condensation.

04 – 05 Insulated Valve and Flange Cover Boxes


Shall be manufactured directly from the insulation material itself as according to the manufacturers
recommendations. The covering of fabricated flange or valve covers shall be as for the insulation on
the remainder of the attached service pipes.