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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance

M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 1 Introduction

Table of Contents
1 Introduction..................................................................................................................................................................1-1
1.1 BTS Terminal Maintenance .............................................................................................................................1-1
1.2 Operations of Site Maintenance Terminal System ..........................................................................................1-1
1.2.1 User Login...........................................................................................................................................1-1
1.2.2 Interface Operations ...........................................................................................................................1-2
2 Installation ...................................................................................................................................................................2-1
3 "SITE" Functions .........................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Site Administrationship....................................................................................................................................3-1
3.2 Opstart Site .....................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.3 View Resource ................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.4 Force Load SW ...............................................................................................................................................3-3
3.5 SW Activation..................................................................................................................................................3-4
3.6 Reset Site Hierarchically.................................................................................................................................3-4
4 "Cell" Functions ...........................................................................................................................................................4-1
4.1 Cell Attributes Management............................................................................................................................4-1
4.2 Cell Extended Attributes Management............................................................................................................4-2
4.3 Opstart Cell .....................................................................................................................................................4-3
4.4 Change Administrative State...........................................................................................................................4-4
4.5 Cell Performance Test.....................................................................................................................................4-4
4.6 Cell Reinitialization..........................................................................................................................................4-5
5 "BT" Functions.............................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.1 Opstart BT.......................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.2 Change BT Administrative State .....................................................................................................................5-2
5.3 BT Reinitialization ...........................................................................................................................................5-3
6 "RC" Functions ............................................................................................................................................................6-1
6.1 RC Attributes Management.............................................................................................................................6-1
6.2 RC Extended Attributes Management.............................................................................................................6-2
6.3 Opstart RC ......................................................................................................................................................6-3
6.4 Change RC Administrative State.....................................................................................................................6-3
6.5 RC Reinitialization...........................................................................................................................................6-4
7 "Channel" Functions....................................................................................................................................................7-1
7.1 Channel Attributes Management.....................................................................................................................7-1
7.2 Opstart Channel..............................................................................................................................................7-2
7.3 Change Channel Administrative State ............................................................................................................7-2
8 "Board" Functions........................................................................................................................................................8-1
8.1 Rack Configuration and Board Configuration..................................................................................................8-1
8.2 Board Management.........................................................................................................................................8-2

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 1 Introduction

1 Introduction

1.1 BTS Terminal Maintenance


In GSM system, BTS (Base Transceiver Station) is generally located far away from
BSC (Base Station Controller), so it is usually unattended. Maintenance and
supervision operations on BTS are carried out remotely at BSC side. But when field
maintenance are necessary, local BTS terminal maintenance becomes indispensable.
Usually, BTS terminal maintenance is carried out through installing BTS terminal
maintenance software on a PC (either a desktop or laptop, the latter is usually
preferred) and is connected to MMU board through serial communication cable (MMU
board is equipped with a 9-pin serial communication cable socket). As in the case of
BTS maintenance, BTS terminal maintenance operations are also carried out in terms
of BTS logic objects. As for the logic objects and their various status, they have already
been described in detail in BTS Maintenance Part One, it would be unnecessary to
repeat it here.

1.2 Operations of Site Maintenance Terminal System


As the operations in site maintenance terminal system are performed locally over a
single PC, they are somewhat different from those in BTS maintenance. Detailed
description on these operations is to be given in this section.

1.2.1 User Login

I. Function

A user must first log in site maintenance terminal system before being authorized to
perform any maintenance operations over the console.

II. Login

Click on the fifth button on the toolbar, or choose [User Management/User Login]
menu to pop up a "User Login" window. Enter user name and password, then click
<OK> button. See Figure 1-1.

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Figure 1-1 User login

After the user is successfully logged in, the above-mentioned window would be
automatically closed and the user can proceed to perform desired operations. If the
login fails, the reason would be displayed in the window.

1.2.2 Interface Operations

As shown in Figure 1-2, the interface of site maintenance terminal system is divided
into the following parts: menu, toolbar, BTS logic object, object function, alarm window,
status bar and etc. All the menu commands in the menu are easy to understand and
the buttons on the toolbar are shortcuts for these commands. Move the cursor on a
button to display its functions.

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Figure 1-2 Site maintenance terminal system

BTS logic objects and their functions will be described later. This part focuses on alarm
functions.
As shown in Figure 1-3, the part in light blue on the interface of site maintenance
terminal system is BTS alarm display part, that means, when an alarm occurs to BS, it
would be displayed in this part of the interface. Double click any alarm message in, it
would display an "Alarm Detailed Explanation" window for this alarm, as shown in
Figure 1-5. Right click a certain alarm message would pop up a menu as shown in
Figure 1-4. Choose commands on the menu, and the functions of message setting,
saving, clearing and scrolling can be performed over the message in the alarm
window.

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Figure 1-3 Alarm display in the site maintenance terminal system

Figure 1-4 Operations on an alarm message

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Figure 1-5 Detailed explanations on an alarm message

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 2 Installation

2 Installation

I. Connect the terminal O&M cable

Both ends of a BTS terminal operations & maintenance cable are DB9 connectors.
One end is connected to the terminal O&M interface on the MOP board at the side of
BS, and the other is connected to a serial port of an operation terminal (usually, a
laptop computer). The pin-to-pin correspondence between the two DB9 connectors at
the two ends of the cable is described in Table 2-1.

Table 2-1 Pin-to-pin correspondence between the two DB9 connectors at the two ends of an O&M
cable

BTS side connector 2 3 5


Operation terminal side connector 3 2 5

II. Start the terminal O&M system

On an operation terminal (usually, a laptop computer), run BTS terminal application


program MMI. If MMI gets connected to BS, a main man-machine interface for BTS
O&M system would be displayed as shown in Figure 2-1.

Figure 2-1 BTS O&M man-machine interface

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If MMI fails to connect to BS, a failure dialogue box would pop up. Click <OK> button
in this box to open a dialogue box as shown in Figure 2-2 and set the communication
port parameters in it. Select a communication port as COM1, COM2 or COM3
according to which port is actually connected to the cable, and select "38400" as the
communication rate, then click <OK> button.

Figure 2-2 Set communication port parameters dialogue box

If MMI still cannot get connected to BTS after all these settings, check whether the
hardware connection of maintenance cables and the serial port hardware of the
operation terminal is normal.

III. User login

After MMI gets connected to BS, choose [User Management/User Login] menu to
open a dialogue box as shown in Figure 2-3. Enter "User Name" and "User Password",
then click <OK> button. If the entered "User Name" and "User Password" are both
correct, this dialogue box would disappear, which indicates that the user successfully
logs in. Otherwise, a "Wrong Username or Password" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 2-3 User login dialogue box

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3 "SITE" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1 BTS O&M Man-Machine Interface, left click [Site0] in the tree
structure, and all the function commands corresponding to [Site0] would be displayed
in the right part of this site window. Detailed description of the function commands
under [Site0], including operation procedures as well as the explanation of function
commands, is given in the following.

3.1 Site Administrationship

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Site0/Site administrationship] in the interface window as shown in


Figure 2-1, and a dialogue box would pop up. In this dialogue box, click [Obtain] and a
"Site Administrationship Successfully Obtained" prompt would be displayed under
normal circumstances. Click [Release] button in the dialogue box mentioned above, a
"Site Administrationship Successfully Released" prompt would be displayed under
normal circumstances.

II. Description

This function command is used for MMI to obtain or release site administrationship.
Once MMI obtains site administrationship, it can take the place of BSC to perform such
operation and maintenance functions over BTS as various configurations, attribute
settings, operations on boards, and etc. In this sense, MMI plays the role of
background maintenance. Normally, all O&M commands can be executed by this MMI.
When MMI releases site administrationship, the O&M commands related to
modification can no longer be executed, while the O&M commands related to reading
can still be executed as usual.

3.2 Opstart Site

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Site0/Opstart Site] as shown in Figure 2-1. Then, click <OK> button in
the popped-up dialogue box, and a "Site Successfully Opstart" prompt would be
displayed normally.

II. Description

This command is used for MMI to command "site0" into operation.

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3.3 View Resource

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Site0/View resource] as shown in Figure 2-1, and normally a "System
Responds" prompt as well as the configured CPU occupation rate of MFU and MMU
would be displayed as shown in Figure 3-1. Select [Select Resource
Type/Temperature Trace] to display the configured temperatures of MMU and MTR
as shown in Figure 3-2.

Figure 3-1 View CPU occupation rate

Figure 3-2 View temperatures

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II. Description

This command is used for the MMI to instruct the BTS to report in real time the CPU
usage rates concerning the MMU and MFU boards as well as the temperatures of the
MMU and MTR boards, so that the maintenance staff can be at any time informed of
the CPU loads and internal temperatures and take necessary measures thereby in an
event of an over-high CPU usage rate or temperature.

3.4 Force Load SW

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Site0/Force load SW] as shown in Figure 2-1 to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 3-3. In this box, select the "File Name" of the file to be loaded, "Send
Window Size" (40 as recommended value, and no larger than 49 under any
circumstances), "Version", "File ID", and etc.. Then click <Begin>. Normally a SW
download progress (0~100%) will be displayed and a "SW successfully downloaded"
prompt would be shown after several minutes.

Figure 3-3 Force load SW and its progress

II. Description

BTS software upgrade can be performed in two steps: "Force load SW" and "SW
activation". "Force load SW" is to load the upgraded software onto MMU board.
Generally speaking, files to be downloaded onto various boards are: mmuxxxx.hex
(MMU board download SW), mfuxxxx.omu (MFU board download SW) and
mcidown.bin (MTR board download SW). In these file names, "xxxx" stands for
version number.

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3.5 SW Activation

I. Operation procedure

Double click [SITE0/ SW activation] as shown in Figure 2-1 to open a dialogue box as
Figure 3-4. In this box, select "Version", "Board No.", "File ID", etc.. Then click <OK>.
Normally if it is MMU board SW activated, a "Software Successfully Activated" prompt
would be directly displayed. If it is other boards SW activated, the activating progress
(0~100%) would be displayed. Then, a "Software Activation Complete" prompt would
be displayed after a few minutes.

Figure 3-4 Software activation

II. Description

BTS software upgrade is performed in two steps: "Force load SW" and "SW activation".
"SW activation" is to load the software which is forcibly loaded onto MMU to different
boards.

3.6 Reset Site Hierarchically

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Site0/ Reset site hierarchically] in Figure 2-1 to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 3-5. Select a level in <Reset Level>, then click <OK>. Normally a
"Site Hierarchical Reset successful" prompt would be displayed.

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Figure 3-5 Site hierarchical reset

II. Description

There are three levels of reset, the functions of which are described as follows:
First level reset: forcibly put an out-of-service BTS into service, abort the downloading
progress from MMU to the board.
Third level reset: reinitialize BS, load data but not program.
Fourth level reset: BTS re-initializes, loads data, and loads program from FLASH
MEMORY.

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 4 “Cell” Functions

4 "Cell" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1, double click [Site0/Celln] in the tree structure, and all the
function commands corresponding to this cell would be displayed in the right part of
this window.
Detailed explanation including operation procedures as well as description of the
function commands corresponding to all the function commands under [Celln] is given
in the following. The operation interface under [Celln] is shown in Figure 4-1.

Note:
The "n" in the "Celln" stands for the No. of this cell.

Figure 4-1 CELL O&M interface

4.1 Cell Attributes Management

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/ Cell attributes management] in Figure 4-1 to open a dialogue
box as shown in Figure 4-2. Click <Set> button in this box and under normal
circumstances a "Set Cell Attributes Successfully" prompt would be shown. Click

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<Refresh> button in this box and under normal circumstances the current attributes of
the cell as well as a "Get Attributes Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 4-2 Cell attributes management

II. Description

This command is used to set or get the current attributes of [CELLn] under [Site0],
which include "Interference Level Limit", "Interference Average Parameter",
"Connection Failure Threshold", "T200", "Max. Timing Advance", "Overload Period",
"CCCH Load Threshold", "CCCH Load Indication Period", "RACH Busy Threshold",
"RACH Load Averaging Slots", "Cell Air Timer", "NY1", "BCCH ARFCN", "BSIC" and
"Starting Time".

4.2 Cell Extended Attributes Management

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/Cell extended attributes management] in Figure 4-1 to open a


dialogue box as shown in Figure 4-3. Click <Set> and under normal circumstances a
"Set Cell Extended Attributes Successfully" prompt would be shown. Click [Refresh]
and under normal circumstances the current extended attributes of the cell in question
as well as a "Get Attributes Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

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Figure 4-3 Cell extended attributes management

II. Description

This command is used to set or get the current extended attributes of the [CELLn]
under [Site0], which includes "RF Source Indication Period", "Paging Times" and
"Access Lapse Threshold".

4.3 Opstart Cell

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/ Opstart cell] in Figure 4-1 open a dialogue box as shown in
Figure 4-4. Click <OK> and under normal circumstances an "Opstart Cell
Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 4-4 Start cell operation

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II. Description

This command is used for MMI to put the "celln" into operation.

4.4 Change Administrative State

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/ Change administrative state] in Figure 4-1 to open a dialogue
box as shown in Figure 4-5. In this box, select an administrative state “LOCKED” or
“UNLOCKED”. Then, click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Cell
Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 4-5 Change cell administrative state

II. Description

This command is used to change the state of BTs and RCs under CELLn into
"LOCKED" and switch off the amplifier, or to return them into "IDLE" and switch on
amplifier by changing the state to "UNLOCKED" under CELLn.

4.5 Cell Performance Test

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/ Cell performance test] in Figure 4-1 to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 4-6. Click <Begin> button in this box and under normal circumstances
the self-test results of the BTs and RCs under the cell would be displayed.

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Figure 4-6 Cell performance test

II. Description

This command is used to command the BTs and RCs under CELLn to conduct
self-tests and report the results of these tests.

4.6 Cell Reinitialization

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/ Cell Reinitialization] in Figure 4-1 to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 4-7. Click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Reinitialize Cell
Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 4-7 Cell reinitialization

II. Description

This command is used to reinitialize the BTs and RCs in the cell so that its data can be
reset. Note that cell reinitialization should be performed with care, for it will bring the
network covering the cell out of service for several minutes.

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 5 “BT” Functions

5 "BT" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1, left click [Site0/Celln/BTi] in the tree structure and all the
function commands corresponding to BTi would be displayed in the right part of the
window.
Detailed explanation of these function commands including operation procedures as
well as the description of these commands is given in the following. The BT Function
Test Interface is shown as in Figure 5-1.

Note:
The "i" in "BTi" stands for the No. of BT.

Figure 5-1 BT function test interface

5.1 Opstart BT

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/BTi/Opstart BT] in Figure 5-1 to open a dialogue box as shown in
Figure 5-2. Click <OK> and under normal circumstances an "Opstart BT successfully"
prompt would be displayed.

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Figure 5-2 Start BT operation

II. Description

This command is used for MMI to put "BTi" into operation.

5.2 Change BT Administrative State

I. Operation procedure

Double click the [Celln/BTi/Change BT administrative state] to open a dialogue box


as shown in Figure 5-3. Select the BT(s) whose state is to be changed and change it
into “LOCKED” or “UNLOCKED”. Then click <OK> and under normal circumstances a
"BT Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 5-3 Change BT administrative state

II. Description

This command is used to change the state of the BT(s) in question to “LOCKED”, or to
return it into "IDLE" by changing it to "UNLOCKED".

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5.3 BT Reinitialization

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/BTi/BT Reinitialization] to open a dialogue box as shown in


Figure 5-4. Click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Reinitialize BT
Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 5-4 BT reinitialization

II. Description

This command is used to reinitialize the BT in question so that its data can be reset.

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 6 “RC” Functions

6 "RC" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1, left click [Site0/Celln/RCj] in the tree structure and all the
function commands corresponding to this RC will be displayed in the right part of the
window.
Detailed explanation of these function commands including operation procedures as
well as description is given in the following. RC Function Test Interface is shown as in
Figure 6-1.

Note:
The "j" in "RCj" stands for the No. of this RC.

Figure 6-1 RC function test interface

6.1 RC Attributes Management

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/RCj/RC attributes management] to open a dialogue box as


shown in Figure 6-2. Click <Set> and under normal circumstances a "RC Attributes
Successfully Set" prompt would be displayed. Click <Refresh> and under normal

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circumstances the current attributes of the RC in question? as well as a "Getting RC


Attributes Succeeded" prompt would be shown.

Figure 6-2 RC attributes management

II. Description

This command is used to set or get the current RC attribute parameters of


[CELLn/RCj] under [Sitem], which include "RF Max. Power Reduction" and "ARFCN"
(Absolute RF Channel Number).

6.2 RC Extended Attributes Management

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/RCj/RC extended attributes management] to open a dialogue


box as shown in Figure 6-3. Click <Set> and under normal circumstances a "RC
Extended Attributes Successfully Set" prompt would be displayed. Click <Refresh>
and under normal circumstances the current extended attributes of the RC in question
as well as a "Get RC Extended Attributes Successfully" prompt would be shown.

Figure 6-3 RC extended attributes management

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II. Description

This command is used to set or get the current extended attributes parameters of the
[CELLn/RCj] under Sitem, which include "Static Power Class", "Saturation Threshold"
and "Saturation Voltage Threshold".

6.3 Opstart RC

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/RCj/Opstart RC] in Figure 6-1 to open a dialogue box as shown in
Figure 6-4. Click <OK> and under normal circumstances an "Opstart RC Successfully"
prompt would be displayed.

Figure 6-4 Start TRX operation

II. Description

This command is used for MMI to put "RCj" into operation.

6.4 Change RC Administrative State

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/RCj/Change RC administrative state] to open a dialogue box as


shown in Figure 6-5. Select the RC(s) whose state is to be changed and change it into
“LOCKED” or “UNLOCKED”. Then click <OK> under normal circumstances a "RC
Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt would be displayed.

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Figure 6-5 Change RC administrative state

II. Description

This command is used to change the state of the RC(s) in question to “LOCKED” and
switch of amplifier, or to return it into "IDLE" and switch on the amplifier by changing it
to "UNLOCKED".

6.5 RC Reinitialization

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/RCj/RC Reinitialization] to open a dialogue box as shown in


Figure 6-6. Then click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Reinitialize RC
Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 6-6 RC reinitialization

II. Description

This command is used to reinitialize the RC in question so that its data can be reset.

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 7 “Channel” Functions

7 "Channel" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1, left click [Site0/Celln/BTi/Channelx] in the tree structure and
all the function commands corresponding to this channel would be displayed in the
right part of the window.
Detailed explanation of these function commands including operation procedures as
well as description is given in the following. The Channel Function Interface is shown
as in Figure 7-1.

Note:
The "x" in the "Channelx" stands for the No. of this channel.

Figure 7-1 Channel Function Interface

7.1 Channel Attributes Management

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/BTi/Channelx/Channel Attributes Management] in Figure 7-1 to


open a dialogue box as shown in Figure 7-2. Click <Set> and under normal
circumstances a "Channel Attributes Successfully Set" prompt would be displayed.

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Click <Refresh> and under normal circumstances the current attributes of the channel
in question as well as a "Get Attributes Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 7-2 Channel attributes management

II. Description

This command is used to set or get the current channel attributes parameters of
[CELLn/BTi/Channelx] under [Sitem], which include "Channel Combination", "TSC
Selection" and "Starting Time".

7.2 Opstart Channel

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/BTi/Channelx/Opstart channel] in Figure 7-1 to open a dialogue


box. Click <OK> button and under normal circumstances an "Opstart Channel
Successfully" prompt would be displayed.

II. Description

This command is used for MMI to put [BTi/Channelx] into operation.

7.3 Change Channel Administrative State

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Celln/BTi/Channelx/Change channel administrative state] in Figure


7-1 to open a dialogue box as shown in Figure 7-3. Select the number(s) of the
channel (s) whose states are to be changed and change them into “LOCKED” or
“UNLOCKED”. Then click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Channel
Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt would be displayed.

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Figure 7-3 Change channel administrative state

II. Description

This command is used to change the state of the channel(s) in question to “LOCKED”,
or to return it (them) into “IDLE” by changing it (them) to “UNLOCKED”.

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M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 8 “Board” Functions

8 "Board" Functions
As shown in Figure 2-1, left click [Board] in the tree structure and all the function
commands corresponding to it would be displayed on the right part of the window.
Detailed explanation of on these function commands including operation procedures
as well as descriptions is given in the following. The Board function Interface is as
shown in Figure 8-1.

Figure 8-1 Board function interface

8.1 Rack Configuration and Board Configuration

I. Operation procedure

Double click [Board/Rack Configuration or Board Configuration] in Figure 8-1 to


open a dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-2. Under normal circumstances, "Board
Report Message" would be displayed at the bottom left corner of this box.
Right-clicking on a certain slot would help to perform ADD or DELETE operations over
the board.

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Figure 8-2 Rack Configuration

II. Description

This command is used to perform ADD or DELETE operations over boards of BS.
"Rack configuration" is for the entire rack, while "board configuration" is for boards.

8.2 Board Management


Double click [Board/Board Management] in Figure 8-1 to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 8-3. Under normal circumstances, a "Board Report Message" prompt
would be displayed at the bottom left corner of this box. Right-clicking on a certain
board would help to perform corresponding operations on this board.
Detailed explanation of on these function commands including operation procedures
as well as descriptions is given in the following.

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Figure 8-3 Board operation

I. MTR board

i. Reset MTR
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Reset...] option in this menu and under normal
circumstances a "Board Successfully Reinitialized" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to reinitialize MTR board in question so that its data
can be reset.
ii. Opstart MTR
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then, [Opstart...] option in this menu and under normal
circumstances a "Opstart Board Successfully" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to put MTR in question into operation.
iii. MTR self-test
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Test...] option in this menu and under normal
circumstances a "Board Test Succeeded" prompt would be displayed.

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Description
This command is used for MMI to command MTR in question to conduct a self-test
and report the test result.
iv. MTR administrative state
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then choose [Administrative State/ Lock or Unlock] and
under normal circumstances an "Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt
would be displayed.
Description
This command is used to change the state of MTR in question to “LOCKED”, or to
return it into “IDLE” by changing it to “UNLOCKED”.
v. MTR board information
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Information] to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 8-4. Normally a "System Responds" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 8-4 MTR Board Information

Description
This command is used to command MTR board to report board type, board number,
board state, software version and the number of alarms.
vi. MTR loop test
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Loop Test...] to open a dialogue box as shown
in Figure 8-5. Click <Begin> and under normal circumstances a "Loop Test Success"
prompt would be displayed.

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
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Figure 8-5 MTR loop test

Description
This command is used for layer-3 message loop from MMI to MTR and can be used to
check DCL link between MMU and MTR.
vii. MTR Board Alarm Information
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MTR board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Alarm...] to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 8-6. A "System Responds" prompt would be displayed under normal
circumstances.

Figure 8-6 MTR board alarm information

Description

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 8 “Board” Functions

This command is used for MMI to command MTR to report its detailed alarm
information. Each cell in the above Figure represents an alarm type assigned with an
alarm code, which is a two-digit hex number AB. "A" stands for the row number of the
cell and "B" the column number of the cell. If no alarm occurs to the alarm module
corresponding to a certain cell, the cell would be in green, otherwise, it would be in red.
Detailed alarm explanation is listed in Table 8-1.

Table 8-1 Alarm indication on MTR board

Alarm type Code Level Possible causes Handling suggestion


1. There is a breakpoint in the
1. Check if there is a
connection cable between MTR
"Forward Power Too power supply alarm.
01 Minor and MPA modules.
Low" alarm 2. Reset MTR board.
2. MTR module loses lock.
3. Reset BS.
3. MTR or MPA module is faulty.

A-level temperature The temperature of MPA module Check BTS internal


02 Minor
alarm is too high. temperature.

1. Check BTS internal


temperature.
1. The temperature of MPA
B-level temperature 2. Power off the power
03 Critical module is too high.
alarm amplifier by unlocking
2. MPA module is faulty.
RC.
3. Reset MTR.
1. MMU clock module is
1. Check if there is a
Transmitting ineffective.
clock alarm.
phase-lock loop 05 Major 2. Connection cable between MTR
2. Reset MTR board.
alarm_0 and MMU modules is faulty.
3. Reset BS.
3. MTR module is faulty.
Transmitting
phase-lock loop 06 Major Same as the above Same as the above
alarm_1
Transmitting
phase-lock loop
alarm _2 07 Major Same as the above Same as the above
(intermediate
frequency)
Receiving phase-lock
08 Major Same as the above Same as the above
loop alarm_0
Receiving phase-lock
09 Major Same as the above Same as the above
loop alarm_1
Receiving phase-lock
loop alarm_2
0A Major Same as the above Same as the above
(intermediate
frequency)

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
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Alarm type Code Level Possible causes Handling suggestion

1. MMU clock module is faulty.


2. Connection cable between 1. Reset MTR board.
Clock alarm 0B Major
MMU and MTR module is faulty. 2. Reset BS.
3. MTR module is faulty.

1. Power supply distribution cable


between the backplane and MTR 1. Reset MTR board.
Power supply alarm 0C Critical
module is faulty. 2. Reset BS.
2. MTR module is faulty.
Minor if it is
set as 1. MMU clock module is faulty.
non-hopping 2. The distribution cable between 1. Reset MTR board.
Frame number alarm 0D frequency. the backplane and MTR module is 2. Reset MMU board.
Major if faulty. 3. Reset BS.
hopping 3. MTR module is faulty.
frequency
1. There is a B-level temperature
1. Turn off power
alarm.
amplifier by unlocking
2. There is a phase-lock loop RC.
Power amplifier alarm 0E Critical
lose-lock alarm.
2. Reset MTR board.
3. Power amplifier is turned down
3. Reset BS.
manually in the background.
1. Wait 1 minute to see if
the alarm would be
1. Data settings are incorrect.
cleared.
Downlink Bus alarm 12 Major 2. MMU clock module is faulty.
2. Reset MTR board.
3. MTR module is faulty.
3. Reset MFU board.
4. Reset BS.
DCL link between MMU and MCI
MCI link alarm 1D Critical Reset BS.
is faulty.

II. MFU Board

i. Reset MFU
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Reset...] and under normal circumstances a
"Reinitialize Board Successfully" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to reinitialize MFU board so that its data can be reset.
ii. Opstart MFU
Operation procedure

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
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In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Opstart...] and under normal circumstances an
"Opstart Board Successfully" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to put MFU into operation.
iii. MFU self-test
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Test...] and under normal circumstances a
"Board Test Succeeded" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to command MFU to conduct a self-test and report the
test result.
iv. MFU administrative state
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then choose [Administrative State/Lock or Unlock] and
under normal circumstances an "Administrative State Successfully Changed" prompt
would be displayed.
Description
This command is used to change the state of MFU or the channel following to
“LOCKED”, or to return it or the channel following into “IDLE” by changing it or the
channel following to “UNLOCKED”.
v. MFU board information
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Information] to open a dialogue box
similar to Figure 8-4. A "System Responds" prompt would be displayed under normal
circumstances.
Description
This command is used to command MFU to report board type, board number, board
state, software version and the number of alarms.
vi. MFU loop test
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Loop Test...] to open a dialogue box similar to
Figure 8-5. click <Begin> and under normal circumstances a "Loop Test Success"
prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for layer-3 message loop from MMI to MFU and can be used to
check HDLC link between MMU and MFU.

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vii. MFU board alarm information


Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MFU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Alarm...] to open a dialogue box similar
to Figure 8-6. A "System Responds" prompt would be displayed under normal
circumstances.
Description
This command is used for MMI to command MTR to report its detailed alarm
information. Detailed alarm explanation is listed in Table 8-2.

Table 8-2 MFU board alarm indication

Alarm type Code Level Possible causes Handling suggestions


1. The connection between MFU
and MMU clock module may be 1. Reset MFU board.
PCM clock fault 01 Major faulty. 2. Reset MMU board.
2. E1 module of MMU is faulty. 3. Reset BS.
3.MFU module is faulty.
1. The connection between MFU
1. Reset MFU board.
and MMU clock module is faulty.
TDMA clock fault 03 Major 2. Reset MMU board.
2. MMU clock module is faulty.
3. Reset BS.
3. MFU module is faulty.
1. Wait 1 minute to see if the
alarm would be cleared.
1. MFU data is not set.
LAPD link fault 09 Minor 2. Check BSC data setting.
2. BSC data setting is incorrect.
3. Reset MFU board.
4. Reset BS.
1. Wait 1 minute to see if the
Internal mailbox fault 0A Critical MFU internal mailbox link is faulty. alarm would be cleared.
2. Reset MFU board.
MFU SW loading Reset MFU board and reactivate
0E Minor Loading communication fails.
failure MFU software.
1. Wait 1 minute to see if the
alarm would be cleared.
Critical Uplink between MFU and MTR
CUI link fault 40 2. Reset MFU board.
/Minor modules is faulty.
3. Reset MTR board.
4. Reset BS.
Frame number Critical The connection between MFU and
41
abnormal /Minor MMU clock module is faulty.
HDLC link between MFU and
MFU link alarm 1D Critical Reset BS.
MMU is faulty.

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
M900/M1800 Base Transceiver Station (BTS22C) 8 “Board” Functions

III. MMU board

i. Reset MMU
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Reset...] and under normal circumstances a
"Reinitialize Board Successfully" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to reset MMU board.
ii. MMU self-test
Operation procedure
In "Board Operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Test...] and under normal circumstances a
"Board Test Succeeded" prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for MMI to command MMU to conduct a self-test and report the
test result.
iii. MMU board information
Operation procedure
In "Board operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Information] to open a dialogue box as
shown in Figure 8-7. A "System Responds" prompt would be displayed under normal
circumstances.
Description
This command is used to command MMU board to report board type, board No., board
state, delay parameter, crystal DA oscillation value, board alarm No., SW version,
difference of discriminator and setting working mode.

Figure 8-7 MMU Board Information

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iv. Set MMU clock mode


Operation procedure
In "Board operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Set Clock Mode] to display a dialogue box as
shown Figure 8-8. Select an option respectively for [Select Clock] and [Rack Delay]
fields. Then click <OK> and under normal circumstances a "Clock Mode Successfully
Set" prompt would be displayed.

Figure 8-8 Set MMU clock mode

Description
This command is used for MMI to specify the working mode of 13M crystal oscillator
on MMU board.
v. MMU loop test
Operation procedure
In "Board operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Loop Test...] to open a dialogue box similar to
Figure 8-5. Click <Begin> and under normal circumstances a "Loop Test Succeeded"
prompt would be displayed.
Description
This command is used for layer-3 message loop from MMI to MMU and can be used to
test MMU software.
vi. MMU Board Alarm Information
Operation procedure
In "Board operation" dialogue box as shown in Figure 8-3, right click MMU board to
display a pull-down menu. Then click [Board Alarm...] to open a dialogue box similar
to Figure 8-6. A "System Responds" prompt would be displayed under normal
circumstances.
Description
This command is used for MMI to command MMU to report its detailed alarm
information. Detailed alarm explanation is listed in Table 8-3.

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Table 8-3 MMU board alarm indication

Alarm type Code Level Possible causes Handling suggestions


The internal temperature 1. Check the ambient temperature.
Temperature alarm 22 Major
is too high. 2. Check if there is a power amplifier alarm.
1. Wait several minutes to see whether the
The 220V power supply
Power-off alarm 2A Major alarm would be cleared.
is off.
2. Reset BS.
Clock-module 13M The board hardware or
41 Critical Reset MMU board.
clock alarm the backplane is faulty.
"Clock-module
Crystal oscillation is aged
crystal oscillation DA 1. Check the accuracy of BSC clock.
and most likely goes
value 3/4 42 Minor 2. Keep a record and deliver the faulty
beyond the adjusting
transgresses the board for repair.
range.
threshold" alarm
E1 module of MMU does
1. Check the accuracy of BSC clock and the
8K reference clock not send reference clock
43 Minor transmission link quality.
alarm or the reference clock is
2. Wait for recovery.
unstable.
1. Check the transmitting-end connection
The transmitting-end cable of No. 0 E1 at BS.
E1 link remote end
51 Minor connection cable of No. 0 2. Check the receiving-end connection
out-of-sync
E1 is faulty. cable of the corresponding E1 at BSC or the
superior BS.
1. Ignore this alarm if no inferior BTS is
attached to this BS.
The transmitting-end 2. Check the transmitting-end connection
E1 link remote end
52 Minor connection cable of No. 1 cable of No. 1 E1 at BS.
out-of-sync
E1 is faulty. 3. Check the receiving-end connection
cable of the corresponding E1 at the inferior
BS.
1. Check if the E1 module at BSC or the
1. E1 module at BSC or
superior BTS is in service.
the superior BTS is out of
2. Check the receiving-end connection
E1 link local end service.
53 Minor cable of No. 0 E1.
out-of-sync 2. The receiving-end
3. Check the transmitting-end connection
connection cable of No. 0
cable of the corresponding E1 at BSC or
E1 is faulty.
superior BS.
1. Ignore this alarm if no inferior BTS is
1. E1 module at the attached to this BS.
inferior BTS is out of 2. Check if the E1 module at the inferior
E1 link local end service. BTS is in service.
54 Minor
out-of-sync 2. The receiving-end 3. Check the receiving-end connection
connection of the No. 1 cable of No. 1 E1.
E1 is faulty. 4. Check the transmitting-end connection
cable of the corresponding E1 at inferior BS.

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User Manual BTS Maintenance – BTS Terminal Maintenance
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Alarm type Code Level Possible causes Handling suggestions


E1 tributary_0 The board hardware is
55 Minor Reset MMU board.
out-of-service faulty.
E1 tributary_1 The board hardware is
56 Minor Reset MMU board.
out-of-service faulty

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