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Name: _______________________ Grade 8

Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

I. MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. According to their defenders, how did trusts benefit the economy?
a. Trusts increased competition among corporations.
b. Trusts improved the effectiveness of government regulation.
c. Trusts lowered production costs and increased wages.
d. Trusts prevented monopolies and improved quality of goods.

2. According to their critics, how did trusts hurt the free enterprise
system?
a. They allowed private citizens to own businesses.
b. They made it difficult for new companies to compete.
c. They drove up production costs for manufactured goods.
d. They let owners decide what products to make.

3. What was the most important effect of Henry Ford’s method of


automobile production?
a. Manufacturers could produce more luxury cars for the wealthy.
b. Millions of Americans could afford automobiles.
c. Female workers were hired for factory work for the first time.
d. Manufacturers produced cars with more mechanical defects.

4. Which statement BEST exemplifies the impact of technology on


economics in the late 1800s?
a. The tragedy at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory led to improved
worker safety laws.
b. Federal Courts ruled that the Sherman Antitrust Act limited
workers’ rights to strike.
c. Wages for workers declined as more factories used new
machines to produce goods.
d. Union membership soared after the railroad strike in 1884.

5. Which of these resulted from the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire?


a. Courts recognized the legal right of workers to strike.
b. Several states passed laws protecting factory workers.
c. Most women working in factories became union members.
d. Labor unions began accepting African Americans and
immigrants.

6. Muckrakers fought corruption by


a) arousing public opinion c) running for political
office
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

b) taking control of large corporations d) forming


good-government leagues

7. Reformers in the Gilded Age criticized the spoils system because it


a) reduced the power of muckrakers c) spread
corruption
b) reduced the amount of people being elected d) led to the rise
of the Progressives

8. What led critics to complain about the type of stories covered in


newspapers in the late 1800s?
a. difficult reading levels c. too much local news
b. yellow journalism d. color comics

9. The Chinese Exclusion Act


a. allowed the development of specific neighborhoods for
immigrants.
b. was the first law to prevent immigrants from practicing their
religion.
c. excluded a national group from working in certain parts of the
United States.
d. was the first law to prevent a national group from entering the
United States.

10. With which of the following statements would a nativist agree?


a. “Immigrants must search for opportunity in the United States.”
b. “Immigrants help make this country a better place in which to
live.”
c. “Immigrants need to work together to integrate.”
d. “Immigrants steal jobs from people who were born in this
country.”

11. Which of the following offered community centers that offered


services for the poor?
a. settlement houses c. tenements
b. Ellis Island d. sweatshops

12. How did the building boom in the late 1800s affect city life?
a. Cities became unable to accept new immigrants.
b. Overcrowding caused many to move to the country.
c. Traffic congestion became a major problem.
d. People left the suburbs to live in the city.
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

13. Which of the following belongs in a list of cures that reformers used
to solve city problems?
a. professional fire companies c. tenement
housing
b. outskirts d. stricter immigration laws

14. Which of the following describes a main theme found in realist


writing in the late 1800s?
a. the luxury of the wealthy c. the problems
of the poor
b. the life of factory owners d. the glamour of
the cities

15. Which action was necessary to change from the indirect to the
direct election of United States Senators?
a. ratification of a constitutional amendment
b. passage of a Federal law
c. a Supreme Court decision
d. national referendum

16. Congress has attempted to deal with the issue of taxing citizens
fairly by enacting a
a. high tariff
b. property tax
c. sales tax
d. income tax

17. During which period in United States history were the amendments
concerning the income tax, direct election of Senators. Prohibition and
women’s suffrage enacted?
a. Reconstruction
b. The Gilded Age
c. Progressive Era
d. New Deal

18. In the early 20th century, muckrakers were able to influence


American society mainly through their
a. frequent acts of civil disobedience
b. activities as government officials
c. publication of articles and books
d. control over factories
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

19. Which event of the early 1900’s is evidence that Upton Sinclair’s
novel The Jungle had an important impact on the United States?
a. adoption of reforms in public education
b. passage of legislation limiting immigration
c. adoption of the 18th amendment establishing Prohibition
d. passage of legislation requiring Federal inspection of meat

20. Jacob Riis, in How the Other Half Lives contributed to reform
movements in the United States by
a. exposing poverty and corruption
b. opposing westward expansion
c. criticizing racial injustice
d. supporting organized labor

II. MATCHING
1. Monopoly a. License for a new invention
2. Corporation b. Discount for certain customers
3. Patent c. Single company that controls a business or
industry
4. Stock d. Business owned by investors
5. Thomas Edison f. U.S. Steel Industry
6. Nellie Bly g. “Genius is 1% inspiration and 99%
perspiration.”
7. John D. h. Hull House
Rockefeller
8. Andrew Carnegie i.
Reported on conditions that needed
reforming
9. Jane Addams j. Standard Oil Company of Ohio
III. DOCUMENT BASED QUESTIONS

Document One

1. What is the general trend


shown?
2. What was one push
factor?
3. What was one pull factor?
4. What groups would be
opposed to the trend?
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

Document two

“There was never the least attention 1. What literary


paid to what was cut up for sausage; work is this an
there would come all the way back from excerpt of?
Europe old sausage that had been 2. Who was the
rejected, and that was moldy and white- author?
it would be dosed with borax and 3. How does the
glycerin, and…made over again for book describe
home consumption.” the meat-
packing
industry?

IV. SHORT ANSWERS


1. What was Theodore Roosevelt’s nickname?
2. Which act banned the sale of impure foods and drugs during the
Progressive era?
3. What are the dates of the Progressive era?
4. Who was known as the Wizard of Menlo Park?
5. Who invented the telephone?
6. Who established the American Federation of Labor?
7. Who established the Standard Oil Trust?
8. Who is the founder of the New York World?
9. Who controlled most of the steel industry in the 1800’s?
10. Who was President from 1901-1909

V. DEFINE
1. Corporation
2. Stock
3. Dividend
4. Injunction
5. Labor union
6. Collective bargaining
7. Pickett
8. strikebreakers
I. MULTIPLE CHOICE
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

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II. MATCHING
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Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

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III. DOCUMENT BASED QUESTIONS
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IV. SHORT ANSWERS
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V. DEFINE
Name: _______________________ Grade 8
Date: ________________________ Miss Soibelman

AMERICAN HISTORY
CHAPTERS 9,10,11

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