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c



1.  effort to iitte, s eet, ter, or co terct the work of t re.
2.
. The coscio s rod ctio or rreet of so ds, coors, fors,
oveets, or other eeets i  er tht ffects the sese of
be ty, secificy the rod ctio of the be tif  i  rhic or stic
edi .
b. The st dy of these ctivities.
c. The rod ct of these ctivities; h  works of be ty cosidered s 
ro .
3. ih q ity of cocetio or exec tio, s fo d i works of be ty; esthetic
v e.
4. A fied or cteory of rt, s ch s  sic, bet, or itert re.
5. A oscietific brch of eri; oe of the iber rts.
6.
. A syste of ricies d ethods eoyed i the erforce of 
set of ctivities: the art of building.
b. A trde or crft tht ies s ch  syste of ricies d ethods: the
art of the lexicographer.
7.
. Ski tht is ttied by st dy, rctice, or observtio: the art of the
baker; the blacksmith's art.
b. Ski risi fro the exercise of it itive fc ties: 0 elf-criticism is an
art not many are qualified to practice0oyce Carol Oates).
8.
. P  Artf  devices, strtes, d tricks.
b. Artf  cotrivce; c i.
9. èrinting I strtive teri.

‰ 
Midde Eish, fro Od Frech, fro Lti P P ; see P  i Ido-E roe
roots

SS
1
P   P 
 P    

These o s deote ski i doi or erfori tht is ttied by st dy, rctice, or


observtio: the art of rhetoric; pottery that reveals an artist's craft; political
expertise; a knack for teaching; mechanical know-how; a precise diving technique.



   c    

PREHISTORIC 30,000 - 3000 BC (BCE)


Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) 30,000 - 10,000 BC
Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) 10,000 - 8000 BC
Neolithic (New Stone Age) 8000 - 3000 BC
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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS 3000 BC - 331 BC (BCE)


Egyptian Art 3200 - 1070 BC
Amarna Art 1370 - 1340 BC
Mesopotamian Art 3500 - 331 BC
Sumerian/Akkadian 3500 - 1750 BC
Assyrian/Neo-Babylonian 1000 - 539 BC
Persian 539 - 331 BC
Aegean Art 3000 - 1100 BC
Minoan (Crete) 3000 - 1475 BC
Mycenean (Greece) 1650 - 1100 BC
Greek Art 800 - 323 BC
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NON WESTERN
Shang Dynasty, China 1766 - 1045 BC
Zhou Dynasty, China 1045 - 256 BC

CLASSIC CIVILIZATIONS 800 BC - 337 AD (BCE-CE)


Hellenistic Art 323-150 BC
Etruscan Art 6th - 5th century BC
Roman Art 509 BC - 337 AD
--------------------------------------«

NON WESTERN
Olmec, Mexico 800 BC - 600 AD
Zapotec, Mexico 100 - 200 AD
Gandhara, India 2nd - 3rd century AD
--------------------------------------«

MIDDLE AGES 373 - 1453 AD (CE)


Celtic, Saxon, & Hiberno 200 - 732 AD
Byzantine Art 400 - 1453 AD
Justinian 527 - 565 AD
Islamic Art 622 - 900 AD
Carolingian Art 732 - 900 AD
Ottonian Art 900 - 1050 AD
Romanesque Style 1000 - 1140 AD
Gothic Style 1140 - 1500 AD
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NON-WESTERN
Gupta, India 320 - 647 AD
Mayan, Mexico 300 - 1500 AD
Tang, China 618 - 907 AD
Nara, Japan 645 - 791 AD
Song, China 960 - 1279 AD
Kamakura, Japan 1185 - 1333 AD
Aztec, Mexico 1350 - 1520 AD
Inca, Peru 1100 - 1532 AD
--------------------------------------«

RENAISSANCE 1400 - 1800 AD (CE)


Renaissance: Italy 1400 - 1600 AD
Renaissance: Europe 1500 - 1600 AD
Baroque 1600 - 1700 AD
Rococo 1700 - 1750 AD
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NON-WESTERN
Ming, China 1368 - 1644 AD
Muromachi, Japan 1392 - 1573 AD
Benin, Africa 1550 - 1680 AD
Edo, Japan 1615 - 1868 AD
Qing, China 1644 - 1912 AD
--------------------------------------«

PRE-MODERN 1800 - 1880 AD (CE)


Neo-Classicism 1750 - 1880 AD
(USA: Federal/Greek Revival)
(Canada: Georgian Style)
Romanticism 1800 - 1880 AD
(Canada: Victorian)
Realism 1830's - 1850's AD
Impressionism 1870's - 1890's AD
--------------------------------------«

MODERNISM 1880 - 1945 AD (CE)


Post Impressionism 1880 - 1900 AD
Expressionism 1900 - 1920 AD
Fauvism 1900 - 1920 AD
Cubism 1907 - 1914 AD
Dada 1916 - 1922 AD
Bauhaus 1920s - 1940's AD
Harlem Renaissance 1920s - 1940's AD
Surrealism 1924 1920s - 1940's AD
International Style 1920s - 1940's AD
--------------------------------------«

MODERN & POST-MODERN 1945 AD - Present (CE)


Abstract Expressionism 1945 - 1960 AD
Op Art 1960s AD
Pop Art 1960s AD
Minimal Art 1960s AD
New Realism 1970s - 1980s AD
Conceptual Art 1970s - 1980s AD
Performance Art 1970s - 1980s AD
Neo-Expressionism 1980s - 1990s AD
Computer Art 1980s - 1990s AD
Post-Modern Classicism 1980s - 1990s AD
Victorian Revival 1980s - 1990s AD