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Practice Quiz – Solutions – 2/20/2011

1. All but which of the following are heterogeneous mixtures - 1.


a. Suspension b. Solution c. Colloids d. vegetable soup

2. If compound A is dissolved in water, which statement is true?


I. Water is a solvent.
II. Compound A is a colloid
III. Compound A and the water comprise a solution
a. I and II b. II and III c. Only I d. I and III

3. One of the following pairs do not match. The reason is (a, b, c or d)


I. Colloid – heterogeneous mixture with small particles that stay in suspension.
II. Solutions – homogeneous mixture of two or more liquids.
III. Precipitate – solid that forms in the bottom of a solution.
a. Colloids are homogeneous mixtures
b. Solutions are homogeneous mixtures of solutes in a solvent.
c. Precipitates only form from a synthesis reaction.
d. Colloids are types of suspensions

4. Particles in a suspension could be isolated from the solvent by -


a. Boiling the solution
b. Filtering the solution
c. Allowing the solution to sit undisturbed for a period of time.
d. All of these

5. The amount of sugar you put into your iced tea determines the
a. coefficient of dilution b. Tyndall effect
c. Soluability of the tea d. None of these

6. In the process of salvation, which of the following events takes place?


a. solute particles become surrounded by the solvent particles
b. hydration occurs
c. strong attractive forces pull the solute particles apart
d. all of these occur

7. A solution contains m moles of solutes a, b and c. If you know the number of moles of a and c, you
could determine the number of moles of b by using -
a. mole fraction b. Percent of mass formula
c. Henry’s Law d. the universal data table in your textbook

8. Colloids and suspensions are similar in that both __________, but are different in that _________.
a. are compounds, colloids have very small particles
b. heterogeneous mixtures, particles in a suspension can settle out
c. are homogeneous, suspensions are types of colloids
d. solutions, colloids only have one type of solute

9. The best descriptions of the substances below is -


I. Ocean Water II. Steel III. Air
a. type of solution b. examples of types of solutions
c. heterogeneous mixture d. colloidal suspensions
10. An example of a molal solution is 2.
a. 36gHCl/L b. 2.5 mol/L c. .035 M d. 0.12 m

11. If both the molarity and moles of a solution are known, it is possible to find -
a. molality b. mass of solute c. density of the solution d. all of these

12. Oil and water do not easily mix because -


a. oil is heavier than water b. water is polar, oil is not
c. oil is a compound d. water has a high specific heat

13. At 90oC, the amount of CO2 that can be dissolved in water is _______ than what can be dissolved at
20oC.
a. less b. more c. about the same d. dependent on the molar mass dissolved

14. According to Henry’s Law, what will happen to the soluability of O2 in water if the pressure is doubled
at constant temp.?
a. it will double b. it will remain the same c. it will be reduced by ½ d. it will be reduced by ¼

15. Molecular compounds that dissociate in water to form a solution are called -
a. colligatives b. thermic c. electrolytes d. non conductors

16. The soluability in g/100g to H2O is given for sucrose at 4 temperatures. What is the best conclusion that
can b drawn from this data ,sucrose at 0oC = 179.2, at 20oC = 203.9, at 60oC = 287.3 & at 100oC = 487.2
I. all substances increase in soluability as temperature increases
II. Water can hold more sucrose at 100oC that it can at 0oC
III. There is a direct relationship between sucrose soluability and temperature
a. only II b. I and III c. only III d. II and III

17. A single cell organism is placed in a beaker of ocean water. If protoplasm has a NaCl concentration of
1.5% and the ocean water is 4.2%, which of the following will occur?
I. the organism will shrink in size II. Water will move into the organism
III. The cell membrane will prevent water from entering or leaving the cell
a. only I b. only II c. I and II d. II and III

18. Air is a mixture of gases that is best classified as a/an


a. solution b. suspension c. aerosol d. colloid

19. In a colloidal suspension, particles do not settle out of solution due to -


a. smaller particles are lighter and tend to float
b. repulsive forces between solutes and the container
c. Brownian motion causes collisions between particles of the solvent and particles of solutes
d. Tyndall effect on small particles

20. Which substance is not correctly matched to the type of colloid it represents?
a. blood – soil butter -- emulsion
c. smoke – emulsion d. colored gen – solid sol

21. Particles tend to remain suspended in a colloid due to -


a. the attraction of unlike charges between the solute particles and the solvent
b. the electrolytic nature of the solution
c. their very small size, between 1.0 and 1000 mm
3.
22. Sugar dissolves in water at room temperature as does table salt. With the proper set up a light bulb can
be lighted by the salt solution. The reason for this is –
a. sugar molecules are large and interfere with the flow of electricity
b. salt forms a strong ionic solution
c. sugar forms an electrolytic solution
d. there are more particles in the salt solution that in the sugar solution

23. Colligative properties of a solution are the result of


a. chemical properties of the solutes
b. the number of dissolved solute particles
c. physical properties of solutions
d. polarity of the solutes in solution

24. In comparing the freezing point of a solution to pure water – it can be observed that
a. pure water freezes at a lower temp. than a solution of salt water
b. the presence of salt in the water lowers the freezing point
c. solute concentration has no effect on the freezing point
d. the solute in water makes the ice stronger

25. The greater the molality of a solution, i.e., the number of solute particles, the greater the increase in the
boiling point.
a. True b. False

26. Nonvolatile solutes are one that -


a. do not ionize b. are non polar
c. do not form gases in solution d. can not affect boiling or freezing points

27. All but which of the following are colligative properties of solutions?
a. .25L b. M = .75 c. freezing point depression d. osmotic pressure

28. The best way to produce a super saturated solution is to -


a. use more solute b. stir constantly c. apply heat d. cool the solution

29. In order for solvation to occur -


a. solutes must separate into particles b. energy is needed to break attractive forces
c. solvent particles surround solute particles d. all of these

30. The solvation process can be increased by -


a. causing increased collisions between the solute and solvent particles
b. adding more solvent
c. lowering the temperature
d. all of the above

31. Larger pieces of a solute dissolve more slowly that small pieces -
a. True B. False

32. For the most part, solutes will dissolve more quickly in hotter solvents -
a. True B. False