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'III.

Dimensionarea sistemului electromagnetic'


'A.Dimensionare stator (tola,infasurare trifazata'
l=Lx
d=Dx
hc1=hc1x
hj1=hj1x
de=d+2*hc1+2*hj1

'a)dimensionare tola stator'

q1=4 %se adopta nr.crestaturi/pol,faza


z1=2*p*3*q1 %nr.crestaturi ,stator
t11=pi*d/z1 %pasul crestaturilor,spre intrefier
bc1=t11*(1-kz1) %latimea crestaturii,(crestatura dreapta)
t12=pi*(d+2*hc1)/z1 %pasul crestaturilor ,spre jug
bd11=t11-bc1%latimea (minima) dintelui,spre intrefier,>4mm (modific q1)
bd12=t12-bc1 %latimea (maxima)dintelui spre jug
bdm1=(bd11+bd12)/2 %latimea medie a dintelui stator
Mfej1c=dfe1*pi*(de-hj1)*l*hj1 %masa jugului stator
Mfez1c=dfe1*z1*hc1*l*bdm1 %masa dintilor stator
Mfe1c=Mfej1c+Mfez1c
Mfe1=cfe1x*Sn
epsiMfe1=(Mfe1c-Mfe1)/Mfe1
'fig.tola stator,cu detaliu crestatura,dinte'

'b) dimensionare infasurare trifazata stator'


j1=J1
es=Es
u1n=525
uf1n=u1n/sqrt(3)
if1n=Sn/(3*uf1n)
Z1n=uf1n/if1n
yt=z1/(2*p) %pasul diametral,in crestaturi
%beta1=0.8 %pas scurtat,2 straturi
beta1=1 %pas diametral,1 strat
y1r=round(beta1*yt)
beta1r=y1r/yt
gc1=pi/(3*q1)
ky1=sin(beta1r*pi/2)
kq1=sin(q1*gc1/2)/(q1*sin(gc1/2))
kw1c=kq1*ky1 %factor de bobinaj(scurtare,repartizare)
usp1=2*es*l*kw1c %tensiunea de spira
w1=umn*uf1n/usp1 %nr. de spire pe faza
%nc1=round(w1/(2*p*q1))%perechi laturi de spira in crestatura(2str.)
nc1=round(w1/(p*q1))% nr. laturi de spira in crestatura(1str.)
w1r=nc1*p*q1
usp1r=usp1*w1/w1r
bdr=bd*usp1r/usp1 %inductia magnetica din intrefier,calculata
epsiBdr=(bdr-bd)/bd %pt.erori mari se modifica inductia in intrefier ,bd
sw1=if1n/j1 %sectiunea spirei
%ku1x=2*nc1*sw1/(hc1*bc1)%inf.2 straturi
ku1x=nc1*sw1/(hc1*bc1)%factorul de umplere calculat (inf.1 strat)
epsiku1=(ku1x-ku1)/ku1 %eroare fata de ku1 impus
R1=ro1*2*w1r*l*kf1x/sw1 %rezistenta infasurarii stator,in ohmi
r1=R1/Z1n
pj1=r1
epsipj1=(pj1-pj1n)/pj1n
Mcu1c=dcu1*3*2*w1r*l*kf1x*sw1 %masa de cupru a infasurarii trifazate
Mcu1=ccu1x*Sn
epsiMcu1=(Mcu1c-Mcu1)/Mcu1

'fig. umplere crestatura,si schema spira ,si infasurare desfasurata'

'B .Dimensionare rotor poli inecati (tola,infasurare excitatie,c.c.'


l=Lx
d2=d2cx
hc2=hc2x
hj2=hj2x
di=dix
ddox=(di-do)/2 % >0,conditie de realizabilitate
deltac=(d-d2)/2 %intrefierul de calcul (aproximat,fara factorul Carter)

'a)dimensionare tola rotor poli inecati'


q2=q1-1 %se adopta,nr de crest/pol,faza (echivalente),in rotor
z20=2*p*3*q2 %crestaturi totale,uniform repartizate,in rotor
z2=alfat*z20 %crestaturi efective (poli inecati)
ncpp=round(z2/(2*2*p))% perechi crestaturi pe perechea de poli=intreg
z2r=2*p*2*ncpp %nr. crestaturi efective totale, rotor
alfatr=z2r/z20
epsialfatr=(alfatr-alfat)/alfat
t21=pi*d2/z20 %pasul crestaturilor rotorice,spre intrefier
t22=pi*(d2-2*hc2)/z20 %pasul crest.spre jug rotor
bc2=t21*(1-kz2o)%latime crestatura (dreapta)
bd21=t21-bc2 %latime dinte trapezoidal,spre intrefier
bd22=t22-bc2 %>5mm conditie mecanica la baza dintelui(se modif.q2)
bdm2=(bd21+bd22)/2 %latime medie dinte rotor
%bd2=t21*kz2 %latime dinte drept
%bc21=t21-bd2 %latime crestatura trapezoidala spre intrefier
%bc22=t22-bd2

Mfej2c=dfe1*pi*(di+hj2)*l*hj2 %masa de fier a jugului rotor


Mfez2c=dfe1*z20*hc2*l*bdm2
Mfe2c=Mfej2c+Mfez2c
Mfe2=cfe2x*Sn
epsiMfe2=(Mfe2c-Mfe2)/Mfe2
'desen tola rotor,cu detaliuy dinte ,crestatura'

'b)dimensionare infasurare de excitatie-poli inecati'


j2=J2
a2=A2
pj2=pj2x
Uen=400 %tensiunea (c.c.)la bornele excitatiei
Pe=pj2*Sn
Ie=Pe/Uen
we=pi*d2*a2/(2*2*p*Ie)%spire pe pol,nr. intreg si div cu ncpp!
ncer=round(we/ncpp) %numar (intreg) de laturi de spira in crestatura
wer=ncer*ncpp
Ier=Ie*we/wer
Per=Pe*Ier/Ie
kpj2r=kpj2*Per/Pe
epsiKpj2=(kpj2r-kpj2)/kpj2 %la erori substantiale se modifica kpj2!!
j2r=j2*kpj2r/kpj2
swe=Ier/j2r
ku2x=ncer*swe/(hc2x*bc2) %crestatura dreapta,dinte trapezoidal
%ku2x=ncer*swe/(hc2*(bc21+bc22)/2) %crestatura trapezoidala,dinte drept
epsiku2=(ku2x-ku2)/ku2
lwe=2*l*kf2x
Re=ro2*2*p*wer*lwe/swe
Pjec=Re*Ie^2
epsiPe=(Pjec-Pe)/Pe
Ieb=Ie/ien %curent de excitatie de baza
Ueb=Sn/Ieb
Zeb=Ueb/Ieb
rec=Re/Zeb
rex=pj2/ien^2
epsire=(rec-rex)/rex
Te=xmx/(rex*omega1)%constanta de timp a infas. de excit.,in secunde
Mcu2c=dcu2*2*p*wer*lwe*swe
Mcu2=ccu2x*Sn
epsiMcu2=(Mcu2c-Mcu2)/Mcu2
'fig. umplere crestatura,si schema desfasurata infasurare rotor'

Rezultate obtinute:

Pn =45000
p =2
f1n =50
cosfi1n =0.9000
fi1n =0.4510
sinfi1n =0.4359
rann =0.9100
efn =0.8190
Mm =2
Sn =5.4945e+004
sumapn =0.0810
prefn =0.0270

Date nominale calculate, din triunghiul curentilor

mm =1.6380
ienc =1.6380
ienc =1.8190
imnc =1.1449
xmnc =0.8735
tetanc =0.5176
tetagnc =29.6551
ioc =0.6741

Parametri schemei echivalente

pj1nc =0.0270
ponc =0.0540
r1n =0.0270
xs1n =0.0873
umc =1.0178
xmn =0.8890
rwn =19.1834

caracteristici electromecanice, gol-sarcina nominala

Den =0.4400
Sn =5.4945e+004
pj1n =0.0270
pon =0.0540
do =0.0654
miuo =1.2566e-006
af1 =1.5708
ku1 =0.5000
bd =0.8000
Q1t =3000
spo =1.2565e+005

SOLUTIA OPTIMA

A. STATOR
a) Vectorul Poynting si solicitarile electromagnetice

kf1x =2.5000
nx =20
Bd =0.8000
Bz1 =1.7000
Bj1 =1.5000
Fx =0.0960
Sp =3.1413e+005
Es =12.2927
A1 =2.5555e+004
J1 =4.7722e+006

Dimensiuni principale

Lx =0.2276
Dx =0.2767
hc1x =0.0210
hj1x =0.0384
Dex =0.3956
epsiDex =-0.1010
b) Performante economice stator

ccu1x =4.2893e-004
cfe1x =0.0013
cm1x =0.0017
km1x =0.0034

B. ROTOR

Solicitari electromagnetice

kf2x =2
pj2x =0.0227
pmvx =0.0227
Q2tx =3.1579e+003
A2 =3.5771e+004
J2 =3.5886e+006

Dimensiuni transversale

deltacx =-0.0011
d2cx =0.2790
hc2x =0.0816
hj2x =0.0360
dix =0.0438
ddox =-0.0108
kmiux =-0.0043
xmx =0.8890
epsixm =0

performante economice rotor

ccu2x =6.3873e-004
cfe2x =0.0011
cm2x =0.0017
km2x =0.0043

Performante economice stator+rotor

cmmin =0.0034
cmx =0.0035
epsicmin =0.0146
kmmin =0.0068
kmx =0.0077
epsikmin =0.1333
Recapitulare criterii de realizabilitate si de optimizare

kf1opt =2.5000
epsiDex =-0.1010
ddox =-0.0108
kmiux =-0.0043
epsicmin =0.0146
epsikmin =0.1333

III. Dimensionarea sistemului electromagnetic

A.Dimensionare stator (tola,infasurare trifazata

l =0.2276
d =0.2767
hc1 =0.0210
hj1 =0.0384
de =0.3956

a) Dimensionare tola stator

q1 =4
z1 =48
t11 =0.0181
bc1 =0.0092
t12 =0.0209
bd11 =0.0089
bd12 =0.0116
bdm1 =0.0103
Mfej1c =74.5647
Mfez1c =17.8786
Mfe1c =92.4434
Mfe1 =71.0017
epsiMfe1 =0.3020

b) dimensionare infasurare trifazata stator

j1 =4.7722e+006
es =12.2927
u1n =525
uf1n =303.1089
if1n =60.4239
Z1n =5.0164
yt =12
beta1 =1
y1r =12
beta1r =1
gc1 =0.2618
ky1 =1
kq1 =0.9577
kw1c =0.9577
usp1 =5.3578
w1 =57.5798
nc1 =7
w1r =56
usp1r =5.5090
bdr =0.8226
epsiBdr =0.0282
sw1 =1.2662e-005
ku1x =4570
epsiku1 =-0.0860
R1 =0.1238
r1 =0.0247
pj1 =0.0247
epsipj1 =-0.0860
Mcu1c =21.5407
Mcu1 =23.5675
epsiMcu1 =-0.0860

B .Dimensionare rotor poli inecati (tola,infasurare excitatie,c.c.

l =0.2276
d2 =0.2790
hc2 =0.0816
hj2 =0.0360
di =0.0438
ddox =-0.0108
deltac =-0.0011

a) Dimensionare tola rotor poli inecati

q2 =3
z20 =36
z2 =24
ncpp =3
z2r =24
alfatr =0.6667
epsialfatr =0
t21 =0.0243
t22 =0.0101
bc2 =0.0074
bd21 =0.0169
bd22 =0.0027
bdm2 =0.0098
Mfej2c =15.6280
Mfez2c =49.7071
Mfe2c =65.3351
Mfe2 =60.7106
epsiMfe2 =0.0762

b) Dimensionare infasurare de excitatie-poli inecati

j2 =3.5886e+006
a2 =3.5771e+004
pj2 =0.0227
Uen =400
Pe =1.2493e+003
Ie =3.1232
we =1.2548e+003
ncer =418
wer =1254
Ier =3.1250
Per =1.2500e+003
kpj2r =0.5003
epsiKpj2 =5.9875e-004
j2r =3.5908e+006
swe =8.7029e-007
ku2x =0.5996
epsiku2 =-5.9839e-004
lwe =0.9102
Re =129.0593
Pjec =1.2589e+003
epsiPe =0.0077
Ieb =1.7170
Ueb =3.2001e+004
Zeb =1.8638e+004
rec =0.0069
rex =0.0069
epsire =0.0077
Te =0.4118
Mcu2c =35.3648
Mcu2 =35.0952
epsiMcu2 =0.0077