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CHM 102

100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.


Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

1. Why is a burn from steam typically much more severe than a burn from boiling water?

2. Identify the most important type of interparticle forces present in the solids of each of the
following substances.
a. NaCl
b. Cdiamond
c. H2O
d. H2CO
e. Ne

3. Consider the compounds Cl2, HCl, F2, NaF, and HF. Which compound has a boiling point
closest to that of argon? Briefly explain.

4. In each of the following groups of substances, pick (circle) the one that has the given
property. (2 points each)
a. highest boiling point:

CCl4

CF4

CBr4

b. lowest freezing point:

LiF

F2

HCl

c. smallest vapor pressure at 25C:

CH3OCH3

CH3CH2OH

CH3CH2CH3

Page 1 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

5. Explain why water forms into beads on a waxed car finish.

6. Consider a 75.0-g sample of H2O(g) at 125C. What phase or phases* are present when
215 kJ of energy is removed from this sample? *for water: steam and/or liquid water
and/or ice

Page 2 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

7. An aqueous antifreeze solution is 40.0% ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) by mass. The density of
the solution is 1.05 g/cm3. Calculate the (3 points each)
a. molality

b. molarity

c. mole fraction for the ethylene glycol

8. Which solvent, water or hexane (C6H14), would you choose to dissolve each of the
following? (1 point each)
a. NaCl ...............................................................................................H2O........... C6H14
b. HF .................................................................................................H2O........... C6H14
c. Octane (C8H18) ...............................................................................H2O........... C6H14
d. (NH4)2SO4 .....................................................................................H2O........... C6H14
Page 3 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

9. The vapor pressure of a solution containing 53.6 g glycerin (C3H8O3) in 133.7 g ethanol
(C2H5OH) is 113 torr at 40C. Calculate the vapor pressure of pure ethanol at 40C
assuming that glycerin is a nonvolatile, nonelectrolyte solute in ethanol.

10. A 2.00-g sample of a large biomolecule was dissolved in 15.0 g of carbon tetrachloride.
The boiling point of this solution was found to be 77.85C. Calculate the molar mass of the
biomolecule. For carbon tetrachloride, the boiling-point constant is 5.03Ckg/mol, and the
normal boiling point of pure carbon tetrachloride is 76.50C.

Page 4 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

Winter 2009
week 5

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

11. How would you prepare 1.0 L of an aqueous solution of sodium chloride having an osmotic
pressure of 15 atm at 22C? Assume that sodium chloride exists as Na+ and Cl- ions in
solution.

12. From the following:


I. pure water
II. solution of C12H22O11 in water, m = 0.01
III. solution of NaCl in water, m = 0.01, i=2
IV. solution of CaCl2 in water, m = 0.01m i=3
choose the one with the
a. highest freezing point...........................I

II

III

IV

b. lowest freezing point............................I

II

III

IV

c. highest boiling point.............................I

II

III

IV

d. lowest boiling point ..............................I

II

III

IV

e. highest osmotic pressure ......................I

II

III

IV

(2 points each)

Page 5 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

13. The central idea of the collision model is that molecules must collide in order to react. Give
two reasons why not all collisions of reactant molecules result in product formation.

14. In the Haber process for the production of ammonia,


N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g)
what is the relationship between the rate of production of ammonia and the rate of
consumption of hydrogen? Be specific!

Page 6 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Wallace

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

15. The reaction

2I-(aq) + S2O82-(aq) I2(aq) + 2SO42-(aq)

was studied at 25C. The following results were obtained where


Rate = -[S2O82-] / t
[I-]0
0.080
0.040
0.080
0.032
0.060

[S2O82-]0
0.040
0.040
0.020
0.040
0.030

Initial Rate (mol / Ls)


12.5 x 10-6
6.25 x 10-6
6.25 x 10-6
5.00 x 10-6
7.00 x 10-6

a. Determine the (differential) rate law. (3 points)

b. Calculate the value of the rate constant. (2 points)

Page 7 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

16. A certain reaction has the following general form:


aA bB
At a particular temperature and [A]0 = 2.80 x 10-3 M, concentration versus time data were
collected for this reaction, and a plot of 1/[A] versus time resulted in a straight line with a
slope value of 3.60 x 10-2 L/mols. (2 points each)
a. Determine the rate law, including the value of the rate constant for this reaction.

b. Calculate the half-life for this reaction.

c. How much time is required for the concentration of A to decrease to 7.00 x 10-4 M?

Page 8 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

17. The mechanism for the reaction of nitrogen dioxide with carbon monoxide to form nitric
oxide and carbon dioxide is thought to consist of two steps:
NO2 + NO2 NO3 + NO (slow)
NO3 + CO NO2+ CO2 (fast)
a. Write the rate law expected for this mechanism. (3 points)

b. What is the overall balanced equation for this reaction? (2 points)

18. Draw a rough sketch of the energy profile (for a chemical reaction) for each of the
following cases. Show where these values are measured on each profile.
a. E = +10 kJ/mol; Ea = 25 kJ/mol
b. E = -10 kJ/mol; Ea = 50 kJ/mol

Page 9 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

Winter 2009
week 5

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

Generic Grading Rubric for Chemistry @ LTCC: (rev. 11/21/08)


In general, incorrect answers will be assigned pro-rated partial credit proportional to the
amount of the supporting work that is correct. Pro-rated points will typically be rounded to
whole numbers. Other deductions will be assigned per question as described below:
a) any combination of wrong significant figures and/or missing or incorrect units and/or
dumb math error(s).......................................................................... 1 point
b) no answer provided / blank ...................................................................100%
c) incorrect answer; no work shown...........................................................100%
d) correct answer, but no supporting work is shown when complex, multi-step calculations
are required (This looks suspiciously like cheating.) .................................100%
e) completely incorrect concept or approach, but some correct calculations associated with
this type of problem are shown....................................................... ~60-80%
f) description and/or outline of correct approach or concept, but calculations performed or
answers calculated are missing or incomplete .................................. ~30-40%

EXAM SCORE: ______/100 points


OVERALL COURSE SCORE: ______/170 points as of ~Feb. 10, 2009
(with lowest lab dropped; lowest homework score dropped)
A = 90.0-100.0%:
B = 80.0-89.9%:
C = 70.0-79.9%:
D = 60.0-69.9%:
F > 60.0%:

153-170 points
136-152
119-135
102-118
<102

Page 10 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.

Winter 2009
week 5

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Wallace

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

Abbreviated Periodic Table of the Elements


1
1A
1
H
1.01
3
Li
6.94
11
Na
22.99
19
K
39.10
37
Rb
85.47
55
Cs
132.9
87
Fr
(223)

2
2A
4
Be
9.01
12
Mg
24.31
20
Ca
40.08
38
Sr
87.62
56
Ba
137.3
88
Ra
226

13
3A
5
B
10.81
13
Al
26.98
31
Ga
69.72
49
In
114.8
81
Tl
204.4
113

14
4A
6
C
12.01
14
Si
28.09
32
Ge
72.59
50
Sn
118.7
82
Pb
207.2
114

15
5A
7
N
14.01
15
P
30.97
33
As
74.92
51
Sb
121.8
83
Bi
209.0
115

16
6A
8
O
16.00
16
S
32.07
34
Se
78.96
52
Te
127.6
84
Po
(209)

3
3B
21
Sc
44.96
39
Y
88.91
71
Lu
175.0
103
Lr
(262)

4
4B
22
Ti
47.88
40
Zr
91.22
72
Hf
178.5
104
Rf

5
5B
23
V
50.94
41
Nb
92.91
73
Ta
180.9
105
Db

6
6B
24
Cr
52.00
42
Mo
95.94
74
W
183.9
106
Sg

7
7B
25
Mn
54.94
43
Tc
(98)
75
Re
186.2
107
Bh

8
8B
26
Fe
55.85
44
Ru
101.1
76
Os
190.2
108
Hs

9
8B
27
Co
58.93
45
Rh
102.9
77
Ir
192.2
109
Mt

10
8B
28
Ni
58.69
46
Pd
106.4
78
Pt
195.1
110
Uun

11
1B
29
Cu
63.55
47
Ag
107.9
79
Au
197.0
111
Uuu

12
2B
30
Zn
65.38
48
Cd
112.4
80
Hg
200.6
112
Uub

57
La
138.9
89
Ac
(227)

58
Ce
140.1
90
Th
232.0

59
Pr
140.9
91
Pa
231.0

60
Nd
144.2
92
U
238.0

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

93
Np
(237)

94
Pu
(244)

95
Am
(243)

96
Cm
(247)

97

98

99

100

101

102

17
7A
9
F
19.00
17
Cl
35.45
35
Br
79.90
53
I
126.9
85
At
(210)

18
8A
2
He
4.00
10
Ne
20.18
18
Ar
39.95
36
Kr
83.80
54
Xe
131.3
86
Rn
(222)

Periodic Table of the Elements with Electronegativity values


H
2.1

He

Li
1.0

Be
1.5

B
2.0

C
2.5

N
3.0

O
3.5

F
4.0

Ne

Na
0.9

Mg
1.2

Al
1.5

Si
1.8

P
2.1

S
2.5

Cl
3.0

Ar

K
0.8

Ca
1.0

Sc
1.3

Ti
1.5

V
1.6

Cr
1.6

Mn
1.5

Fe
1.8

Co
1.9

Ni
1.9

Cu
1.9

Zn
1.6

Ga
1.6

Ge
1.8

As
2.0

Se
2.4

Br
2.8

Kr
3.0

Rb
0.8

Sr
1.0

Y
1.2

Zr
1.4

Nb
1.6

Mo
1.8

Tc
1.9

Ru
2.2

Rh
2.2

Pd
2.2

Ag
1.9

Cd
1.7

In
1.7

Sn
1.8

Sb
1.9

Te
2.1

I
2.5

Xe
2.6

Cs
0.7

Ba
0.9

La
1.1

Hf
1.3

Ta
1.5

W
1.7

Re
1.9

Os
2.2

Ir
2.2

Pt
2.2

Au
2.4

Hg
1.9

Tl
1.8

Pb
1.9

Bi
1.9

Po
2.0

At
2.2

Rn
2.4

Fr
0.7

Ra
0.9

Ac
1.1

Rf

Ha

Sg

Ns

Hs

Mt

Page 11 of 12

printed 3:23 PM 12/30/2009

CHM 102
100 points, 2 hrs 15 mins.
Wallace

EXAM #1
Chemistry, 7th ed., Zumdahl & Zumdahl, ch. 10-12

Winter 2009
week 5

revised 2/03/2009

Unless otherwise specified, each question is worth 5 points.

POSSIBLY HELPFUL INFORMATION:


equations:
K = C + 273
ln(P1/P2) = (Hvap/R) x (1/T2 1/T1)
constants:
R = 8.3145 [joule/molK]
R = 0.08206 [Latm/molK]
Integrated rate law forms:
[reactant]t = kt + [reactant]0
ln[reactant]t = kt + ln[reactant]0
1/[reactant]t = kt + 1/[reactant]0
Constants for Water:
Specific Heat Capacity, water (liquid water) =....................................... 4.2 J/g C
Specific Heat Capacity, steam (gaseous water) = .................................. 2.0 J/g C
Specific Heat Capacity, ice (solid water) = ............................................ 2.0 J/g C
Hfus = ........................................................................................... 6.02 KJ/mol
Hvap = ........................................................................................... 40.7 KJ/mol
Kb= .............................................................................................. 0.51 C kg/mol
Kf=................................................................................................ 1.86C kg/mol
Normal freezing point= ..........................................................................0.00C
Normal boiling point= ........................................................................ 100.00C
density (@ room temperature) = .......................................................... 1.0 g/mL

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