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Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem "In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful" Assalamu - Alaikum, Soldiers of Fajr

- meaning - the people who wake up for morning prayer. ASSALAMU-WA-ALAYKUM-WA-RAHMATULAHI-WABARAKATU "May the peace of Allah be upon you, and His mercy and blessings"

Five Categories of Patience Patience can also be divided into categories following the five categories of deeds, namely wjib (obligatory), mandb (encouraged), mahdhr (forbidden), makrh (disliked) and mubh (permissible). [B][COLOR="red"]Obligatory (waajib) patience[/COLOR][/B] 1. Patience in abstaining from forbidden (harm) things and actions, 2. Patience in carrying out obligatory deeds, 3. Patience in facing adversity which is beyond ones control, such as illness, poverty, etc. [B][COLOR="red"]Encouraged (mandb) patience [/COLOR][/B]1. Patience in abstaining from disliked (makrh) things, 2. Patience in performing acts of worship which are liked and encouraged (mustahabb) 3. Patience in refraining from taking revenge. [B][COLOR="red"]Forbidden (mahdhr) patience[/COLOR][/B] 1. Patience in abstaining from food and drink until death. 2. Patience in abstaining from eating harm meat, carrion and blood, when the alternative is death and starvation. Tawus and Ahmad ibn Hanbal said, Whoever has no choice but to eat carrion, harm meat and blood, but refuses to eat it and dies as a consequence, will enter Hell. 3. Patience in refraining from begging. There is a dispute as to whether begging from people is forbidden or permissible. Imam Ahmad said that this kind of patience and abstention is allowed. He was asked, What if a person fears that if

he does not do this, he will die? Imam Ahmad answered, No, he will not die. Allh will send him his due provision (rizq).Imam Ahmad did not allow begging: when Allh knows the need of a person and his sincerity in abstaining from begging, Allh will send him rizq. Other scholars, including some of Imam Ahmads companions and Imam ash-Shafi said, It is obligatory on such a person to beg, and if he did not beg, than he would be a wrongdoer, because by begging he protects himself from death. 4. Patience in enduring things that may lead to death, such as predators, snakes, fire and water. 5. Patience at times of fitnah when the Muslims are fighting Muslims. Patience in abstaining from fighting at such a time, when Muslims are killing Muslims, is mubh (permissible), indeed it is mustahabb (liked and preferred). When the Prophet (SAAS) was asked about this, he said, Be like the better of the two sons of dam. In other, similar reports he said,Be like the slave of Allh who was killed, and not like the one who has killed, and let him (the killer) carry his own wrong action and your wrong action. In another report, he said, If the sword is too bright, put your hand on your face. Allh has told us the story of the better of the two sons of dam, and how he surrendered himself and did not fight back, and how Allh commended him for that. This is different to the case when Muslims are fighting kfirn: in that situation the Muslim has to defend himself, because the meaning of Jihad is to defend himself and Islm. [B][COLOR="red"]Disliked (makrh) patience[/COLOR][/B] 1. Patience in abstaining from physical appetites (food, drink, sex) to the extent of causing damage to ones health. 2. Patience in doing a makrh deed. [B][COLOR="red"]Permissible (mubh) patience[/COLOR][/B] Patience in abstaining from mubh deeds.Patience and Gratitude By Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah [An abridgement of his original work entitled, Uddat as-Sbireen wa Dhkirat ash-Shkireen 1997 TA-HA]