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CONTENTS Title 1. Introduction: Who was chanakya: For centuries...of life. 2. Legend and Quotes: When chanakya...person. 3.

Leadership: leadership comes....for the future. 4. Chanakya Niti: Rajya....karma 5. Chanakya on management: A managercontinues. 6.7 Pillars of Business from Chanakya Arthshastra: The.deed. 7. Bibliography And Webliography Page no 2 3 4 5-6 6 7 8

INTRODUCTION WHO WAS CHANAKYA? For centuries to come and the centuries that went by, which recorded in history talking of the great men and legendary characters who shaped time through their vision and exemplary actions. Chanakya, perhaps is the only personality who has been accepted and revered as a genius both by Indian and Western scholars. He is a historical milestone in the making of India amidst tremendous upheavals and myriads of reversals. One of the greatest figures of wisdom and knowledge in the Indian history is Chanakya. He is estimated to have lived from 350 - 283 B.C. Chanakya is known as the "Pioneer Economist of India". As a person, Chanakya has been described variously, as a saint, as a ruthless administrator, as the king maker, a devoted nationalist, a selfless ascetic and a person devoid of all morals. He created controversy by saying The ends justify the means and the ruler should use any means to attain his goals and his actions required no moral sanctions. Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was born in Pataliputra, Magadh (modern Bihar), and later moved to Taxila, in Gandhar province(now in Pakistan). He was a professor (acharya) of political science at the Takshashila University and later the Prime Minister of the Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. He is regarded as one of the earliest known political thinkers, economists and king-makers. He was the man to envision the first Indian empire by unification of the then numerous kingdoms in the Indian sub-continent and provide the impetus for fights against the Greek conqueror Alexander Chanakya is perhaps less well known outside India compared to other social and political philosophers of the world like Confucius and Machiavelli. His foresight and wide knowledge coupled with politics of expediency helped found the mighty Mauryan Empire in India. He compiled his political ideas into the 'Arthashastra', one of the world's earliest treatises on political thought and social order. His ideas remain popular to this day in India. In Jawaharlal Nehru's Discovery of India, Chanakya has been called the Indian Machiavelli. Three books are attributed to Chanakya: Arthashastra, Nitishastra and Chanakya Niti. Arthashastra (literally 'the Science of Material Gain' in Sanskrit) is arguably the first systematic book on economics. It discusses monetary and fiscal policies, welfare, international relations, and war strategies in details. Many of his nitis or policies have been compiled under the book title Chanakya Niti. Nitishastra is a treatise on the ideal way of life, and shows Chanakya's in depth study of the Indian way of life.

LEGEND When Chanakya was born he had a full set of teeth, which is a sign that he would become a king or an emperor. But since he was born in a Brahmin family, it was considered inappropriate. Thus, his teeth were broken and it was predicted that he would make another person a king and rule through him. Even as a child, Chanakya had the qualities of a born leader. His level of knowledge was beyond children of his age. Chanakya was thrown out of the court of King Nanda as he was a blunt man and spoke his mind clearly. Chanakya swore he would take revenge. Chanakya comes across Chandragupta as a young child. Even at that age, he was a born leader and showed the qualities of an able Emperor. He was the guiding force behind Chandragupta and the vital person who made him an able Emperor. Chanakya adds poison in little amounts daily in Chandragupta's food in order to make him immune to poison, lest some enemy tries to poison him. However Chandragupta was unaware about this and once gave a little food to his wife who was in the ninth month of pregnancy. She didn't survive but Chanakya cut open her belly and took out the baby. This baby grew up to become an able emperor named Bindusara. He had a minister named Subandhu who did not like Chanakya. He told Bindusara that Chanakya had killed his mother. Without assessing facts, Bindusara confronted Chanakya. On knowing the whole story, he felt ashamed at his hasty actions and begged for forgiveness. He asked Subandhu to go and apologize and make Chanakya come back. Subandhu was very cunning and on the pretext of going to apologize to Chanakya, he killed him. Thus, ended the life of a great person like Chanakya just because of political rivalry.

Some Quotes written by Chanakya. The biggest guru mantra is: Never share your secrete with anybody. if you cannot keep secrete with you, do not except that other will keep it! It will destroy u. Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth." "Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions - Why am I doing it, What the results might be and Will I be successful. Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead." "The fragrance of flowers spreads only in the direction of the wind. But the goodness of a person spreads in all direction. Never make friends with people who are above or below you in status. Such friendships will never give you any happiness."

"Books are as useful to a stupid person as a mirror is useful to a blind person. LEADERSHIP Leadership comes from followers if others are willing to follow you, you are a leader but else you are a follower. Leadership is the ability to influence others for achievement of some goals. It depends on the situation.in some cases, you may be able to succeed .but in other cases you may not be able to succeed. You have to adapt to the situation. You have to understand the situation and try to use appropriate tools for leadership skills. There are many factors which influence leadership: 1. maturity of follower 2. understanding between followers and the leaders 3. level of power and influence of leaders among followers 4. to what extent the task is complex vs./simple task 5. To what extent the performance requires individual guidance / training / motivation etc. Leadership can be developed by infusing the required qualities among a person. It can be developed by infusing the required skills in an individual. Leadership development programs focus on three skills: 1. conceptual skills the ability to understand human behavior, environment and their implication 2. human skills: to what extent the leader is able to establish good interpersonal skills with others 3. technical skills: the leader should have some technical skills also to be able to motivate subordinates Some Characteristics Of Chanakya Is A Leader He was fearless ,not afraid of death disgrace or defeat. Man of foresight ness. Intelligent and bold. Great strategist. Proud and revengeful. wise, and thus free from perplexity. Deep commitment of listening intently to other. Power force transformation and integration. General and self-awareness. One must think beyond day to day realities. Simple and austere in life , uninterested in pomp and pageantry of high position. Understand lesson from the past, realities of the present consequence for the future.

CHANAKYA NITI- Development of Leadership. Rajya- Mulam Indriya jayah: Those who have completed control over their sense can become a great leader. We should learn to keep control over our mind which manages our thought, speech and physical action. our sense are influenced by material desire .our true inner self, our soul is linked to the body through mind. Meditation help in self realization, which helps in controlling sense utilization, by developing control over mind. Jit-Atma Sarvayeh Samyujyet: The super souls, who are self-disciplined and selfcontrolled, lead their life with an objective of serving others in a selfless state of mind and achieve great success for all forms of lives across the globe. Thus indirectly the ones who are short visionary, greedy and selfish; they ill affect the wellbeing of the world at large. Nasty-Ahankar Samah Satru: There can be no other enemy as dangerous as our own ego. The ego of material achievements like money, fame, power etc. are related to our current form of life as a human-being which is temporary in nature. We are spiritual beings having physical existence until we achieve salvation. We should keep ourselves detached from the trap of ego attracted by our material achievements related to our current form of material life. Sarva- Jayatya Krodha: The one who can conquer anger can conquer everything. Priya-Vadino Na Satru: The one, who speaks politely and pleasantly, makes no enemies. Sarvasya Bhushanam Vinaya: The best ornament of all is humbleness. Sat-Yen Dharyate Lokah: The commitment to truth leads to real success and true happiness across the globe forever. Nasti Dehina Sukh-Dukha-Bhav: Happiness and sorrow are two sides of a coin i.e. our life. Success and failure are parts of the life cycle. Our failures teach us to be careful the next time by not repeating the same mistakes again. Success in one commitment may guide us to succeed in other tasks which are yet to be performed in life. Learn from past failure and success, but live in present. This will help us to plan for the future in a much better way. Trushnaya Mati-Chhadhyate: Influence of extreme material desires destroys the conscience. The one who gets trapped by extreme materialism can not understand the power of spiritual intelligence and gets biased only towards illusory and deceptive material intelligence. Dukhanam-Aushadham-Nivarnam: The final solution to all the worries, problems and formalities attached to material forms of lives is only Salvation / Moksha / Nirvana. Salvation is the peak of spiritual growth. It is the ultimate peace and happiness for the completely enlightened soul having no KARMA balance. Its our

permanent liberation from the slavery of temporary material forms of lives on material planets Viz. Earth, Heaven and Hell. Vidhya-Arvyapita Khyati: Knowledge fetches respect and real success. Learning is a continuous and never ending process. We should always be ready to learn with an open mind. Yatha Bijam Tatha Nispati: We reap what we sow i.e. Law of Karma.

CHANAKYA ON MANAGEMENT:A Human Relation A manager must keep on thinking how best to manage the present work , and plan for the future . chanakya is all the while concerned about the work since it is only through successful accomplishment of the work that he contribute to the goal of wealth generation. But a manager, who is unsure of himself, not clear in his thinking, is unable to take right decision at the right time. As a result, he avoids taking decision, he becomes timid.. Afraid of taking up any responsible work etc. such timidity simply means that he is not concerned enough, does as demanded by his role of a manager. Another implication of that a manager who ceases to care for his work, even temporally, is exhibiting timidity: an attitude no manager would like to be associated with his name. Do not timid at work is the massage. Chanakya wants to emphasis this need for managing the boss by giving thus metaphor immediately. But more importantly, he wants to demonstrate that the need as well as lead role here is that of the manager and not of his boss but by the manager himself. After all, his working with the boss not for the boss , but for the organization is a process , not a one time affairs. It is necessary for this relation for the manager and his boss. If it becomes a loose win or win lose relationship. It will cease to be a continues process. This process can be either a vicious circle of continually deteriorating relationship; or a virtuous circle of continually improving relationship. Both these aspect are brought out well by this metaphor on cows milk: the one who desire to get milk success at work -has to handle the cow the boss well, after understanding its (his) nature to ensure that the process is continues.

7 PILLARS OF BUSINESS FROM CHANAKYA ARTHSHASTRA

1.The King (The leader) All great organisations have great leaders. The leader is the visionary, the captain, the man who guides the organisation. In today's corporate world we call him the Director, CEO, etc. Without him we will loose direction. 2. The Minister (The manager) The manager is the person who runs the show - the second-in-command of an organisation. He is also the person whom you can depend upon in the absence of the leader. He is the man who is always in action. An extra ordinary leader and an efficient manager together bring into existence a remarkable organisation. 3. The Country (Your market) No business can exist without its market capitalisation. It is the area of your operation. The place from where you get your revenue and cash flow. You basically dominate this territory and would like to keep your monopoly in this segment. 4. The Fortifid City (Head office) You need a control tower - a place from where all planning and strategies are made. It's from here that your central administrative work is done. It's the nucleus and the center of any organisation. 5. The Treasury Finance is an extremely important resource. It is the backbone of any business. A strong and well-managed treasury is the heart of any organisation. Your treasury is also your financial hub. 6. The Army (Your team) When we go to war, we need a well-equipped and trained army. The army consists of your team members. Those who are ready to fight for the organisation. The salesmen, the accountant, the driver, the peon - all of them add to your team. 7. The Ally (friend / consultant) In life you should have a friend who is just like you. Being, in the same boat, he can identify with you and stay close. He is the one whom you can depend upon when problems arise. After all, a friend in need is a friend in deed.

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND WEBLIOGRAPHY :1.Chanakya on Management ,Ashok R. Garde published by Jaico Publishing House. 2. www.iloveindia.com/history/ancient-india 3. www.hinduism.co.za/chanakya.htm