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process process networking networking solutions solutions 2003 2003 Bus Bus Networking Networking Reference Reference

processprocess

networkingnetworking

solutionssolutions

process process networking networking solutions solutions 2003 2003 Bus Bus Networking Networking Reference Reference

20032003 BusBus NetworkingNetworking ReferenceReference GuideGuide

connecting

the

process

solutions solutions 2003 2003 Bus Bus Networking Networking Reference Reference Guide Guide connecting the process

Our Focus is to enable you to cut installation costs and improve process operating performance by effectively utilizing communication networking technology and hazardous area protection concepts.

Since our founding in 1989, StoneL has become a leader in valve monitoring systems because of our reputation for reliability, overall quality and technological leadership. In 1998 StoneL launched a series of valve communi- cation and control products to make process valves communicate (ValvePoint) and, at the same time, introduced the FieldLink program. FieldLink enables process customers to interconnect plant instrumentation and valve communication terminals with new and existing control systems using standardized bus networking protocols.

control systems using standardized bus networking protocols. F ieldLink bus networking products and related support
control systems using standardized bus networking protocols. F ieldLink bus networking products and related support

FieldLink bus networking products and related support services are designed to reliably and cost effectively link your computer control architecture and process instrumentation together. As bus networking evolves, StoneL contin- ues to expand the FieldLink program with new products that are uniquely suited for the demanding process environments. Through the FieldLink program, StoneL has introduced a number of new products with special hazardous area capabilities. These products enable you to utilize power limited and non- incendive circuit concepts, in addition to well known protection concepts, to further slash installation costs and optimize performance. And, the FieldLink program integrates the application and training support services to assist you in effectively implementing these concepts.

FieldLink Bus Networking Reference Guide

has been designed to enable you to:

• Learn about process networking protocols

• Understand hazardous area protection concepts as they apply to bus networking

• Build an optimized process bus network architecture for your applications

• Review and specify a broad array of bus networking products

By connecting your process using StoneL's FieldLink program you will go to the next level in asset utilization and process productivity!

StoneL Approvals and Certifications

ISO 9001-2000 Certified

StoneL

Approvals and Certifications ISO 9001-2000 Certified StoneL Corporation Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free

Corporation

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

See more about FieldLink process networking solutions at

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1

Save up to 65% on your network installations

Cut your costs by implementing a New Field Wiring Architecture which combines the benefits of bus networking and optimized hazardous area protection.

Bus Networking Bus Networking Optimized Hazard Protection • • Reduced Installation Costs Reduced Installation
Bus Networking
Bus Networking
Optimized Hazard Protection
Reduced Installation Costs
Reduced Installation Costs
• Reduced Installation Costs
Less Space Required
Less Space Required
• Less Space Required
Easier Commissioning
Easier Commissioning
• Easier Maintenance
Predictive Maintenance
Predictive Maintenance
• Greater System Flexibility
Greater System Flexibility
Greater System Flexibility
• Improved Plant Safety
Greater Capabilities
Greater Capabilities
Save an additional 25%
Save 40% on Installation using
Save 40% on Installation using
Bus Networking vs. Conventional
Bus Networking vs. Conventional
implementing optimized hazard
protection concepts with a Bus
Network using Power Limited
Systems vs. Conventional.
Cost
Savings
Cost
Savings
$3,000
$3,000
$2,500
$2,500
$2,000
$2,000
$1,500
$1,500
$1,000
$1,000
$500
$500
$0
$0
Ex
Ex NIE
Tr Cb l NIE
Tr Cb l NIW
Conventional
Bus
Network
Total Savings
Cost
Bus Network Savings
Hazardous Protection Savings
Hazardous Protection Concepts Legend
$3,000
Ex
Explosion Proof
see page 18
$2,500
Ex NIE
$2,000
Explosion Proof
with Nonincendive Equipment
see page 20
$1,500
Tr Cbl NIE
$1,000
Tr ay Cabling
with Nonincendive Equipment
see page 22
$500
Tr Cb l NIW
$0
Tr ay Cabling
with Nonincendive Wiring
see page 24
Ex
Ex
Ex NIE
Tr Cb l NIE
Tr Cbl NIW
INSTALLATION $ PER DEVICE
INSTALLATION $ PER DEVICE

2

Conventional

Bus

Bus

Bus

www.stonel.com

Bus

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

StoneL

Corporation

process

networking

solutions

process networking solutions Fi eldLink Value Propositions F ull Array of Networking Products for Process Bus

FieldLink Value Propositions

Full Array of Networking Products for Process Bus Applications

FieldLink supports most field based protocols with a full array of products designed to make your entire network operate reliably in the rigorous process environments.

• Complete bus networking solutions from masters/gateways and power supplies to drop/spur connectors, terminators, I/O modules, field cabling, handhelds and commissioning kits.

• Drop leg switching and short circuit protection

Current-limited Class 2 and Class I & II Division 2 approved power supplies

• A wide variety of durable, corrosion proof and vapor tight enclosures for explosion proof, nonincendive and general purpose applications.

proof, nonincendive and general purpose applications. Safer, Lower Cost Protection for Hazardous Areas In addition

Safer, Lower Cost Protection for Hazardous Areas

In addition to cutting costs with bus networking, FieldLink enables you to optimize your protection concepts in hazardous areas to reap even greater savings while improving plant safety.

Enable networks to comply with explosion proof, nonincendive, power limited or intrinsically safe applications.

• Fully FM and CSA compliant for power limited (Class 2 Circuits) and hazardous area Class I and II applications

NEC expertise to mix protection concepts depending on area and power requirements for network and safety optimization.

HAZARDOUS AREA SAFE AREA
HAZARDOUS AREA
SAFE AREA

StoneL Certified Integrators Make it All Work Effectively for You

Each of StoneL’s integration partners has the capabilities to interface field networks with process control architecture. And they have been trained and certified to properly apply and support bus networks in the process industries using FieldLink components and systems.

Network design, commissioning and service support.

• Local back-up 24/7

Bus networking and hazard protection training.

24/7 • Bus networking and hazard protection training. To find an integrator near you, visit www.stonel.com
24/7 • Bus networking and hazard protection training. To find an integrator near you, visit www.stonel.com

To find an integrator near you,

visit www.stonel.com

or call toll free

800-843-7866

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Contents

AS-Interface Power DeviceNet F OUNDATION PROFIBUS Modbus Enclosures Supplies Services CONTENTS Product Finder . .
AS-Interface Power DeviceNet F OUNDATION PROFIBUS Modbus Enclosures Supplies Services CONTENTS Product Finder . .

AS-InterfacePower

DeviceNet

FOUNDATION

PROFIBUS

Modbus

Enclosures

SuppliesServices

F OUNDATION PROFIBUS Modbus Enclosures Supplies Services CONTENTS Product Finder . . . . . .

CONTENTS

Product Finder

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At Your Service Quick Reference

. Protection Concepts

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AS-Interface

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Protocol and Products

DeviceNet

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.84-101

Protocol and Products

FOUNDATION Fieldbus

 

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.102-117

Protocol and Products

Profibus

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.118-137

Protocol and Products

Modbus

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.138-155

Protocol and Products

Enclosures

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.156-171

Junction Module, FieldBlock, and FieldRack

 

Power Supplies

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.172-173

Hazardous Area Class 2

 

Services

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Training and Design Installation

 

Appendix

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.178-197

NEMA Ratings, Terms, and Product Index

Product Finder

process

networking

solutions

d u c t F i n d e r process networking solutions Protocol Guide  

Protocol Guide

 

StoneL offers a complete array of networking products. Please use this guide to locate the components needed for your network based on protocol and product type.

products. Please use this guide to locate the components needed for your network based on protocol
products. Please use this guide to locate the components needed for your network based on protocol
products. Please use this guide to locate the components needed for your network based on protocol
 

Protocol

 

Network

Descriptions

Masters and

Gateways

Power Supplies

Input/Output

Modules

 
         
       
  pages 34-36 pages 37-57 pages 58-61 pages 68-73
  pages 34-36 pages 37-57 pages 58-61 pages 68-73
 

pages 34-36

pages 37-57

pages 58-61

pages 68-73

 
  pages 86-87 pages 88-90 pages 91-93 pages 94-95

pages 86-87

pages 88-90

pages 91-93

pages 94-95

 
  pages 104-105 pages 106-107 pages 108-110

pages 104-105

pages 106-107

pages 108-110

 
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127
  pages 120-121 pages 122-125 pages 126-127

pages 120-121

pages 122-125

pages 126-127

 
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150
  page 140 pages 141-147 page 148 pages 149-150

page 140

pages 141-147

page 148

pages 149-150

6

Enclosure Guide

StoneL offers a variety of enclosures to protect components from the process environment. Match the components with the appropriate enclosure using the chart below.

Enclosure

Junction Module FieldBlock FieldRack
Junction Module
FieldBlock
FieldRack

Enclosure

Descriptions

pages 158-163

pages 164-169

pages 170-171

www.stonel.com

pages 158-163 pages 164-169 pages 170-171 www.stonel.com Masters and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774

Masters and

Gateways

164-169 pages 170-171 www.stonel.com Masters and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free
164-169 pages 170-171 www.stonel.com Masters and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free

Power Supplies

170-171 www.stonel.com Masters and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 Input/Output Modules StoneL Corporation

Input/Output

Modules

and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 Input/Output Modules StoneL Corporation
and Gateways Power Supplies Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 Input/Output Modules StoneL Corporation

StoneL

Corporation

processnetworking solutions Drop Connectors pages 74-78 pages 96-98 pages 111-115 pages 128-135 pages 151-153 Po

networking

solutions

process networking solutions Drop Connectors pages 74-78 pages 96-98 pages 111-115 pages 128-135 pages 151-153 Po

Drop Connectors

pages 74-78

pages 96-98

pages 111-115

pages 128-135

pages 151-153

74-78 pages 96-98 pages 111-115 pages 128-135 pages 151-153 Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters pages 62-65

Power Conditioners and Repeaters

pages 62-65

page 107

Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters pages 62-65 page 107 Cabling page 81 page 100 page 117

Cabling

page 81

page 100

page 117

pages 136-137

page 107 Cabling page 81 page 100 page 117 pages 136-137 Drop Connectors StoneL Corporation Po

Drop Connectors

page 81 page 100 page 117 pages 136-137 Drop Connectors StoneL Corporation Po wer Conditioners and
page 81 page 100 page 117 pages 136-137 Drop Connectors StoneL Corporation Po wer Conditioners and

StoneL

Corporation

page 117 pages 136-137 Drop Connectors StoneL Corporation Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters Special Models Te

Power Conditioners and Repeaters

StoneL Corporation Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters Special Models Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free
StoneL Corporation Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters Special Models Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free

Special Models

Corporation Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters Special Models Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 P
Corporation Po wer Conditioners and Repeaters Special Models Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 P

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

Product Finder

218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866 P roduct Finder Handhelds pages 66-67 Type Commissioning Kits page 79

Handhelds

pages 66-67

Toll free 800-843-7866 P roduct Finder Handhelds pages 66-67 Type Commissioning Kits page 79 page 99

Type

Commissioning Kits

page 79

page 99

page 154

•Explosion proof and nonincendive equipment

•Nema 4, 4x, and 6

•Nonincendive equipment

•Nema 4, 4x, and 6

•Nonincendive equipment

•Nema 4, 4x, and 6

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At Your Service

process

networking

solutions

At Your Service process networking solutions Connecting with StoneL Online www.stonel.com Contact Us Direct Your Browser

Connecting with StoneL Online

www.stonel.com Contact Us
www.stonel.com
Contact Us

Direct Your Browser to StoneL’s Home Page

Navigate through the site to access information regarding networking products, support, design tools, training seminars, contacts and more.

www.stonel.com/stonel/contact.html About Us www.stonel.com/stonel/about.html www.stonel.com/stonel/contacts.html
www.stonel.com/stonel/contact.html
About Us
www.stonel.com/stonel/about.html
www.stonel.com/stonel/contacts.html
Factory
Support
www.stonel.com/pdfs/stonelcap.pdf
Download our
Capabilities Brochure
www.stonel.com/distribution/index.html
www.stonel.com/_flash/STONE_PART1.SWF
View a StoneL
Flash Presentation
Find a distributor
near you!

8

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process networking Bus Networking
process
networking
Bus
Networking

solutions

Networking Components

www.stonel.com/FieldLink/busnetworking.html Find Protocol Specific Details www.stonel.com/FieldLink/asiproducts.html
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/busnetworking.html
Find Protocol
Specific Details
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/asiproducts.html
Link to Products
by Protocol
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/asitools.html
Explore Protocol
Design Tools

At Your Service

Field Enclosures

www.stonel.com/FieldLink/jm.html Explosion Proof Enclosures www.stonel.com/FieldLink/fieldblock.html Corrosion Proof
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/jm.html
Explosion Proof
Enclosures
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/fieldblock.html
Corrosion Proof
Enclosures
www.stonel.com/FieldLink/jmia.html
Installation
manuals and
technical details
What’s New www.stonel.com/stonel/news.html www.stonel.com/news/newprod.html www.stonel.com/stonel/events.html
What’s New
www.stonel.com/stonel/news.html
www.stonel.com/news/newprod.html
www.stonel.com/stonel/events.html
www.stonel.com/training/index.html
Valve Communications www.stonel.com/stonel/ValvePoint.html Valve Communication Terminals (VCTs)
Valve
Communications
www.stonel.com/stonel/ValvePoint.html
Valve
Communication
Terminals (VCTs)
www.stonel.com/eclipse/eclipeia.html
Installation Manuals
and
Technical
Documents
Stay current on new product releases
Stay current
on new product
releases
Visit us at trade shows!
Visit us at
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Find training
near
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TYPE OF CONTROL

Quick Reference

process

networking

solutions

k R e f e r e n c e process networking solutions Bus Networks and

Bus Networks and FieldLink

Figure 1 AS-Interface Ethernet FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 Optimized Process Bus Architecture
Figure 1
AS-Interface
Ethernet
FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1
Optimized Process
Bus Architecture

Standardized bus networks are linking intelligent field devices to enterprise systems to offer unparalleled benefits to the process industries. Benefits include dramatic reductions in installation costs, reduced maintenance and commissioning costs and improved process performance. FieldLink, StoneL’s process networking products and support services program, facilitates the implementation of your process bus network. The following section describes how the FieldLink program can help you implement and optimize contemporary field communication networks for your specific application.

Optimized Process Bus Architecture

An optimized network may consist of two or three buses which seamlessly and economically link sophisticated process instruments and simple, discrete devices

into the process control architecture. Figure 1 illustrates a fieldbus and sensor bus being directly attached to the process control/enterprise system. Although one higher level bus network may be capable of directly connecting all of the field devices with the control architecture, area classifica-

tions, reliability, and economic considerations make the layered approach preferable.

Enterprise Networks

Ethernet with TCP/IP is the de facto standard for linking computer control and business systems together. Field level bus networks are now being plugged into the enterprise networks by sliding the application protocol from the Fieldbus onto the Ethernet network. As a result, the following Ethernet based protocols have emerged at the control system level:

•Profinet - Ethernet with Profibus •Ethernet IP - Ethernet with ControlNet/DeviceNet HSE - Ethernet with Foundation Fieldbus •Modbus TCP - Ethernet with Modbus

Ethernet with OPC (OLE for Process Control) clients/ servers promises to offer universal translation for each of the different protocols’ application layers to seamlessly interact with windows-based software.

10

Process Bus Networking Hierarchy

Enterprise

Control

Field

Control

Discrete

Control

Hierarchy Enterprise Control Fiel d Control Discrete Control     Enterprise     Networks
   

Enterprise

   

Networks

   

Full Function

•HSE

   

Fieldbus

•EthernetIP

 

Device Buses

 

•FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1

•Modbus TCP

 

•DeviceNet

 

•WorldFIP

 

•Modbus

 

•ControlNet

Sensor/Actuator

•Interbus-S

 

Buses

•LonWorks PROFIBUS DP & PA

   

•AS-Interface

•Seriplex

 
    •AS-Interface •Seriplex   Simple Devices Complex Devices DEVICE FUNCTIONALITY/COST

Simple Devices

Complex Devices

DEVICE FUNCTIONALITY/COST

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process networking solutions Quick Reference Fieldbus Networks FOUNDATION Fieldbus is supported widely by instrument

process

networking

solutions

Quick Reference

Fieldbus Networks FOUNDATION Fieldbus is supported widely by instrument manufacturers around the world and is
Fieldbus Networks
FOUNDATION Fieldbus is supported widely by instrument manufacturers
around the world and is the de facto standard for “analog” process control
networks in North America. It features a number of process oriented
attributes including object oriented function blocks, process variable time
stamping, and field based PID control.
Device Bus Networks
Sensor/Actuator Networks
AS-Interface is the dominant protocol
used for discrete applications
throughout the world in the process industries. It offers dramatic installation
savings, is simple to install, integrates conveniently into most other higher level
protocols, and is easy to maintain.
Protocol(s) Selection
Options

Analog process control instrumentation, which requires unique interfacing for loop control algorithms and hazardous area compliance, is best networked using “full function fieldbus” protocols.

The most popular protocol at this level is FOUNDATION Fieldbus (H1). This protocol uses the IEC 61158-2 physical layer which has been designed to replace 4 to 20mA control loops and may be used in intrinsi- cally safe circuits.

Device bus networks offer the functionality to connect both analog and discrete instruments into the process control architecture. Modbus, DeviceNet, and PROFIBUS are popular device bus protocols used in the process industries.

Modbus has been the traditional standard for tying remote I/O and PLCs into a plant’s DCS systems. Legacy control systems typically interface readily to Modbus networks, making this protocol ideal for retrofit applications.

DeviceNet is used in numerous applications where Allen Bradley PLCs and integra- tion support are prevalent.

PROFIBUS-DP offers exceptional performance for high speed applications with its low bit stream overhead and fast baud rate. PROFIBUS is the dominant network in European markets and is also supported throughout North America. PROFIBUS- PA, which uses the IEC 61158-2 physical layer, interfaces directly into PROFIBUS- DP networks.

Interbus-S is a protocol used extensively in Europe over the past 15 years. Although quite popular in Europe, it has not been used significantly in North America so it is not supported well in this market. LonWorks, which uses then euron chip, was developed by Echelon Corporation and has been primarily used in HVAC applications.

Discrete process devices may be conveniently and economically interfaced into a plant’s control architecture using sensor

actuator networks.

It offers end-users a convenient, reliable

method of taking advantage of the benefits of bus networking technology on nearly all discrete applications. Seriplex, although an early contender in this market, has not been used extensively in the process industries.

has not been used extensively in the process industries. • Ins trument Functionality • I nstrument

• Instrument Functionality

• Instrument Availability

• Instrument Cost

• Control Architecture

Compatibility

• Process Suitability

• Compatibility with Protection Concept(s)

• Instrument Geographic Dispersion

• Technology Migration

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Quick Reference

Bus Network Comparisons Overview

The Bus Network Quick Reference Chart below is a brief overview of the most widely accepted bus networks used in the process industries. Since the specifications are not fully comprehensive, we suggest further research before

process

networking

solutions

suggest further research before process networking solutions Overview selecting the optimal bus architecture for your

Overview

selecting the optimal bus architecture for your specific application. Please refer to more detailed protocol descriptions throughout the FieldLink reference guide and/or consult with a StoneL Network Solutions specialist.

Bus Network Protocols

Protocol

pages 32-83pages

84-101pages

102-117pages

118-137pages

pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485
pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485
pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485

118-137pages

138-155

pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485
pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485

H1 Level

DP, RS-485
DP, RS-485

PA

pages 32-83pages 84-101pages 102-117pages 118-137pages 118-137pages 138-155 H1 Level DP, RS-485 PA RS-485

RS-485

 

Max

Max #

Power

Hazardous

Data

Bus Access

Topology

Distance 3

Devices

Cabling

Delivery 2

Area Wiring

Transfer Size

Method

Not

100m (328 ft) 300m (984 ft) with 2 repeaters

31

Unshielded,

8

Amps

Explosion Proof and Nonincendive Devices; Tr ay cabling and Nonincendive Wiring

 

4

Bits

Cyclic polling

Limited

Untwisted Pair

 

Tr unk/Drop

500m@125Kbit/s 4

62

(2) 2-wire

8

Amps

Explosion Proof and

1

Byte Variable up to 8 Bytes

Selectable: cyclic, change of state polling and more (device specific)

with

250m@250Kbit/s 4

with Shield

Branching

100m@500Kbit/s 4

(5-wire bundle)

Nonincendive Devices; Tr ay cabling

 

Tr unk with Branching

1900m (6200ft) 120m spur 5

32

Shielded

500

mA

Intrinsically Safe (I.S.), Explosion Proof and Nonincendive Devices; Standard, I.S., Tr ay cabling and Nonincendive Wiring

 

2 Bytes

Publisher-Subscriber method with data

(16) 6

Twisted Pair

 

Discrete

   

5

Bytes Analog

transfer. Token passing client-server for calibra- tion and diagnostics

 

Variable

Tr unk/Drop

1200m@94Kb/s

32 up to

Shielded

Explosion Proof and

1

Byte

To k en passing for multi-master, cyclic

400m@500Kb/s

126

Twisted Pair

Variable up to

100m@12Mb/s

meters

Nonincendive Devices; Tr ay cabling

 

244 Bytes

polling for data to master; acyclic for diagnostic and calibration

Tr unk with Branching

1900m (6200ft)

32

Shielded

500

mA

Intrinsically Safe (I.S.), Explosion Proof and Nonincendive Devices; Standard, I.S., Tr ay cabling and Nonincendive Wiring

1 Byte

Transparent to PROFIBUS-DP with

120m spur

Twisted Pair

 

Variable, up to

   

244

Bytes

coupler. Cyclic polling for data and acyclic for diagnostics and calibration with link master.

Tr unk/Drop

1200m (4000 ft)

62

Shielded

Explosion Proof and

1

Byte Variable

Synchronous and

Twisted Pair

(RTU Mode)

asynchronous poll

Nonincendive Devices; Tr ay cabling

and response

1. Maximum length is given due to communication limitations. Bus length may be further limited due to voltage drop from high power transfer.

4. Maximum length based on thick cable. Maximum spur length limited to 6m; cumulative spur length varies inversely with baud rate.

2. Typical maximum power delivered via the network.

3. Approximate speed for 64 I/O points distributed over 16 field devices using cyclic data exchange. Accessing method varies with protocol operation and will affect cycle time significantly.

5. Maximum spur length reduced with more than 12 devices per segment.

6. Typical maximum is 16. Theoretical maximum is 32.

12

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process networking solutions Quick Reference Tr ansmission Approximate Cycle Time 3 Special Optimal Ra te

process

networking

solutions

Quick Reference

Tr ansmission

Approximate Cycle Time 3

Special

Optimal

Rate

Features

Strengths

Weaknesses

Applications

167Kbit/s

3ms

Analog available with 2.1 version masters with multi-scan

• Low cost

• Short bus length

Use for discrete I/O where low cost and

Varies with number of devices

• Easy to install

• Limited data/node

simplicity are important. May readily interface with most PLC, DCS Systems. Gateways conveniently to high level protocols.

 

• Easy to support

   

• Fast

• Supports high power

 

• Flexible topology

125Kbit/s

9ms

EDS file used for device parameters and rapid start-up

• Interfaces to A-B

• Not widely available as

Use for discrete I/O into Allen Bradley PLCs. Also may be desirable for motor control applications.

 

250Kbit/s

6ms

• Flexible implementation

substitute for 4-20mA

500Kbit/s

3ms

Flexible data capabilities

instrumentation

 

• Supports high power

 

• ODVA marketing

31.25Kbit/s

200ms

Function blocks used for process control may be distributed into field devices. Time stamping of data optimizes control

• Long length

• Moderate speed

Use for analog I/O in process or discrete I/O

(IEC 1158-2)

• Well supported

• Expensive field devices

over long distance. Use for IS analog & discrete

• Convenient user objects

• Limited bus power

I/O. Supported by many process instrument manufacturers throughout the world.

 

• Extensive diagnostics

• Capable of being I.S.

 

9.6Kbit/s to

0.5ms @ 12Mb/s

GSD file used for device parameters

• Long length

• Must have auxiliary

Use for analog and discrete I/O with high speed requirements. Used extensively for variable speed drives. Well supported by European manufacturers. Ideal for high speed AS-Interface Gateway applications.

 

12Mbit/s

• Very fast

power

 

• Well supported in Europe

31.25Kbit/s

100ms

Couples directly to DP in transparent manner (DP limited to 45Kbit/sec) or links to DP as a slave/master to PA

• Long length

• Moderate speed

Use for analog I/O in process or discrete

(IEC 1158-2)

Well supported in Europe •Capable of being I.S.

• Limited bus power

I/O over long distance. Use for IS analog

• Must be connected to control system via PROFIBUS-DP

and Discrete I/O/ Bridges readily into PROFIBUS-DP. Supported by many European process instrument manufacturers.

9.Kbit/s to

75ms @

• Easy to install

• Moderate speed

Use for discrete and analog I/O where large

56Kbit/s

38.4Kbit/s

• Easy to support

• Must have auxiliary

amounts of data on multiple field devices over long distance. Most common existing I/O bus. Common with AS-Interface gateways.

 

• Widely used on existing DCSs

power

• Long length

 

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13

Quick Reference

process

networking

solutions

k R e f e r e n c e process networking solutions Pr otection Concepts

Protection Concepts Overview

Proper installation of bus networks in hazardous areas is critical to fully realize cost savings and improve plant safety. Below is a summary of the protection concepts suitable for networking applications to aid in selecting the optimal

methodology for your requirements. Before making a final decision in hazardous area conformance methodologies, please consult with your local inspection authority.

Protection Concepts

Protection Concept

pages 18-19pages 28-79pages

20-21pages

22-23pages

24-25pages

26-29

Explosion Proof

Ex
Ex

Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment

Ex NIE

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment

Tr Cbl NIE

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Wiring Drops & Associated Apparatus

Tr Cbl NIW

Intrinsically Safe

IS
IS
 

Brief Description

Applicable Areas

•Contain ignition inside conduit system. •Cool vented gases to prevent ignition outside containment vessel.

Class I & II, Division 1 & 2

•Same as explosion proof except use nonincendive equipment. •Nonincendive equipment must not create arcs or sparks or must have arcing components contained in an hermetically sealed chamber. •Nonincendive equipment must not have surface temperatures exceeding vapor-air or dust-air ignition temperatures.

Class I & II, Division 2

•Current and voltage limited power supplies (class 2 approved power supply for PLTC is limited to 100 watts with maximum of 60 VDC) are used to limit energy into the circuit. •Cabling is rated for ITC and/or PLTC and supported by cable tray or with special mechanical means. •Nonincendive equipment (above) may be used in conjunction with PLTC and ITC systems.

Class I & II, Division 2

PLTC/ITC systems (above) may be combined with nonincendive field wiring.

Class I & II, Division 2

•Nonincendive field wiring and associated apparatus are not capable, under normal operation, of igniting the gas, vapor or dust-air mixture under normal conditions. Normal conditions include opening, shorting or grounding the field wiring.

Energy storage in nonincendive wiring associated apparatus must be limited and coordinated with nonincendive current and voltage limiting device.

•Prevents ignition of gas, vapor or dust-air mixture under normal and abnormal conditions.

Class I & II, Division 1 & 2

Energy limited into circuits under fault conditions by barriers.

•Potential inductive and capacitive energy in circuit components must be limited and coordinated with barrier. •Fieldbus intrinsically safe concept (FISCO) allows more flexibility and higher energy levels in bus networks.

Hazardous Area Protection Concepts

 
   

DIVISION 1 AREAS

DIVISION 2 AREAS

PROTECTION CONCEPTS

ZONE 0

ZONE 1

ZONE 2

 
Ex
Ex
 
  Ex  
  Ex  
 
Ex NIE
Ex NIE
     
  Ex NIE      
 

Tr Cbl NIE

     
  Tr Cbl NIE      
 

Tr Cbl NIW

     
  Tr Cbl NIW      
 
IS
IS

ia

  IS ia
  IS ia
  IS ia
 
IS
IS

ib

 
  IS ib  
  IS ib  

14

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process networking solutions Quick Reference Fi eldbus Pr otocols All All All •AS-In terface •F

process

networking

solutions

Quick Reference

Fieldbus

Protocols

All

All

All

•AS-Interface

•FOUNDATION

Fieldbus H1

•Profibus PA

•FOUNDATION

Fieldbus H1

•Profibus PA

Segment Power

Availability

Not Limited

Not Limited

•P LTC: 100 watts or 3.3 Amps

@

30VDC

•ITC: may be up to 5 Amps

•Trunk: 100 watts or 3.3 Amps

@ 30VDC

•Drop Leg:

Typically up to 240mA @

30VDC

•Typically up to 100mA @ 24VDC with FISCO method

Enclosure

Requirements

Explosion Proof Housing with Approvals

Nema 4 Enclosures with Nonincendive Component Approvals

• Same as Nonincendive Equipment or Explosion

Proof

• Compression fitting may be used on enclo- sures with terminations for ITC or PLTC cable

Nema 4 Enclosure with Nonincedive Wiring

Associated Apparatus Approvals (Voltage and Current maximums specified with Inductive and Capacitive energy storage values.)

Nema 4 Enclosure with Intrinsically Safe Apparatus approvals (Voltage and Current maximums specified with Inductive and Capacitive energy storage values.)

Conduit/Cabling

Requirements

•Rigid metal conduit •MI (Mineral Insulated, Metal Sheathed) or MC (Metal Clad) where flexibility required •Seal-Offs for all enclosures (except those with special ratings)*

•Rigid metal conduit •MI, MC or Liquidtight Flexible conduit •Seal-Offs not required for Nonincendive Enclosures

•PLTC or ITC in Cable Tray PLTC or ITC as open wiring up to 15m (50 ft) protected by angles, struts or messenger wire. MC Flexible conduit or Liquidtight where flexibility is required.

•Trunk: PLTC or ITC cabling •Drop Leg: General purpose cabling

•General purpose cabling

Cost Analysis/Comments

Wiring costs are high. However, number of devices per segment is maximized holding down installation cost per device. Device power must be removed for maintenance. Seal fittings must be used if removing individual device from network.

Wiring costs are moderate and number of devices per segment is maximized, dramatically reducing installed cost per device. Devices may be opened under power but power must be removed before manipulating wiring. Field devices may be removed without seal-off on remainder of network.

Wiring costs are low. Number of devices per segment is typically not limited, resulting in very low installed cost per device. Current limited power supplies are required (Class 2 approved power supply required for PLTC; recommended for ITC).

Wiring costs are very low. Number of devices per segment is typically not restricted. Voltage and current limited drop connectors are required with “entity” parameters coordinated with field devices. Installed device cost is very low. Field device wiring may be manipulated and devices removed without dropping power.

Wiring costs are low. However, number of devices per segment is typically a maximum of 4 to 6 (Power Delivery Limitations) and IS barriers are required for each segment resulting in higher installation costs per device.

*A Special Note on Seal-Offs (Division 1 and 2)

Seal-Offs or seal fittings are used to prevent the propagation of ignited gases into other parts of the conduit system. StoneL components are designed to operate safely without seal fittings in both Division 1 and 2 areas. StoneL’s solid state and/or hermetically sealed arcing components eliminate the need for seal-offs in division 2 areas. Special pressure piling tests have been performed on StoneL division 1 explosion proof enclosures which simulate pressures experienced from ignition propagated to remote locations in the conduit system. As a result no seal-offs are needed in Division 1 Areas as well.

Cost savings for eliminating seal-offs are estimated to be $100 per installation.

Wadding Potting Compound
Wadding
Potting
Compound

• Must be sealed with potting after wires are pulled through seal off and conduits

• Wadding is stuffed on each side and

a compound poured in top conduit opening

• Can be difficult to make a good seal

in the field

Protection Concept(s) Options • Ex Ex NIE Tr Cbl NIE Tr Cbl NIW IS •
Protection Concept(s)
Options
Ex
Ex NIE
Tr Cbl NIE
Tr Cbl NIW
IS
NIE Tr Cbl NIW IS • • • • • • • • Area Classification Compatibility

Area Classification

Compatibility

Overall Reliability

Cost Effectiveness

Maintainability

Flexibility

Personnel Safety

Ease of Understanding

Instrument Availability

Protocol Compatibility

StoneL

Corporation

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15

Protection Concepts

Protection Concepts Pr otection Concepts CONTENTS Explosion Proof . . . . . . .

Protection Concepts

Protection Concepts

CONTENTS

Explosion Proof

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.18-19

Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.20-21

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment

.

.22-23

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Wiring Drops and Associated Apparatus

.24-25

Intrinsically Safe

 

.26-29

Network Length and Voltage Drop

 

.30-31

26-29 Network Length and Voltage Drop   . 30-31 StoneL Corporation One StoneL Dr 26275 US
26-29 Network Length and Voltage Drop   . 30-31 StoneL Corporation One StoneL Dr 26275 US

StoneL Corporation One StoneL Dr 26275 US Highway 59 Fergus Falls, MN 56537 USA Tel: 218-739-5774 Toll Free: 800-843-7866 Fax: 218-739-5776 Email: www.sales@stonel.com www.stonel.com

Protection Concepts

process

networking

solutions

o n C o n c e p t s process networking solutions Explosion Proof Ex

Explosion Proof

Ex
Ex

Area Classifications

• Class I Groups A, B, C, D Divisions 1 & 2

• Class II Groups E, F, G Divisions 1 & 2

Compatible Protocols

Most Field Based Protocols are suitable for use in explosion proof systems provided proper installation methods are used.

The explosion proof philosophy of hazard protection focuses on gas ignition containment. If ignition occurs within instrument enclosures and the conduit system, it is prevented from propogating into the atmosphere. Instrument enclosures and conduit assemblies must be designed to contain pressures well in excess of ignition pressure levels for the gases and dusts to which they will be exposed. Mating surfaces must also be designed so exhausting gases will be sufficiently cooled before being vented into the atmosphere. Seal offs must be used throughout the conduit system to prevent pressure piling from one section of the conduit system into another.

Basic Concept

• Contain ignition inside conduit system and enclosures.

• Cool vented gases to prevent ignition outside of containment vessels.

Advantages

• Well understood in North America.

• Unlimited power for instrumentation/bus circuits.

Disadvantages

• Deterioration of conduit and/or housing may degrade protection.

• Enclosures may not be opened with circuits energized.

• Bulky conduit and enclosures are expensive, space consuming and inflexible.

Explosion Proof Bus Network (Class I and II; Div. 1 and 2)

LEGEND LEGEND Gateways pages 37-57, 88-90, 122-125, 141-147 Junction Module pages 158-163 Power Supplies pages
LEGEND
LEGEND
Gateways
pages 37-57, 88-90,
122-125, 141-147
Junction Module
pages 158-163
Power Supplies
pages 58-61, 91-93,
126-127, 148
StoneL VCTs
page 197
Devices illustrated may not be approved for the particular application shown. Consult StoneL's web site at
www.stonel.com/fieldlink/approvals for the latest approval information on illustrated StoneL products.
AREA SAFE AREAHAZARDOUS

18

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processnetworking solutions Protection Concepts Explosion Proof   Ex NEC 2002 References Fiel d Enclosures:

networking

solutions

Protection Concepts

Explosion Proof

 
Ex
Ex

NEC 2002 References

Field Enclosures: Articles 501.2, 501.3, 501.5, 501.6, and 501.7

Field Wiring: Articles 501.4, 501.5, 501.11, and 501.14

Connections: Articles 501.4, 501.5, 501.12, and 501.13

 

Field Wiring

 

Field Instrument Components:

 

Articles 501.3, 501.6, 501.7, and 501.10

 

Connections

 

Field Instrument Components

Economic Analysis

 

Installation Cost Comparison (calculated per field device)

   

Conventional

AS-Interface

FF*

Computer I/O; Master/Gateway Conduit, Cable Tray, Wiring and Fittings Valve Monitor/VCT and Pneumatic Valve Switched Protected Drop Connector Installation and Commissioning Labor Power Supply

 

$

70

$

50

$

160

$1,600

$

350

$

380

$ 420

$

590

$

900

 

NA

$

170

$

170

 

$ 800

$

350

$

350

$ 50

$

30

$

60

Total Installed Cost

$2,940

$1,540

$2,020

 

*Foundation Fieldbus is not directly comparable. Analog instruments may require less adder over conventional 4 to 20 mA instruments

making this system cost effective when combining analog and discrete field instruments on the same segment. Functionality for FOUNDATION Fieldbus devices is also significantly greater, offering increased diagnostic and operational capabilities.

Basic Assumptions:

 

• Number of field devices on the segment is not limited by electrical energy to the segment.

• One network segment consists of 16 field devices.

• Field devices are located in a cluster located an average distance of 200 feet from marshalling cabinet.

• Total bus network is 300 feet long.

• All network drop legs are short circuit protected and may be deenergized in the field.

Seal fittings are required in order to remove field devices from deenergized drop leg if bus remains energized.

• Costs may vary depending on specific application.

Networking Guidelines (Class I) Field Enclosures

Enclosures with suitable construction must comply with explosion standards includ- ing threading standards, burst pressure requirements and other requirements as established in NEC Article 501.

Conduit seals must be installed within 18” from the enclosure unless specifically exempted (enclosures containing nonincendive components and capable of withstanding pressure piling from external ignition may be exempted from use of seal fittings).

• Enclosures may not be opened without deenergizing circuits.

Threaded rigid metal conduit or threaded steel intermediate conduit is used with threaded joints having at least 5 threads fully engaged.

• Type MI (Mineral Insulated, metal sheathed) and MC (Metal Clad) cable with suitable termination fittings may be used for flexibility requirements.

All fittings must be explosion proof approved. Quick connectors are not suitable for explosion proof applications.

• Meters, instruments and relays may be used inside enclosures suitable for explosion proof applications and identified as a complete assembly.

Switches, circuit breakers, motor controllers and fuses must be contained within an explosion proof enclosure and identified as a complete assembly.

Total Installation savings $1,400 per field device or $22,400 for a 16 device segment

Additional Savings with Bus Network Installation:

• Conduit, wiring and marshalling enclosures consume less space.

• Less infrastructure is required to support conduit and enclosures.

• Devices may be added later or system changed for minimal cost (may use up to 31 devices with AS-Interface).

• Field devices may be capable of providing diagnostics for maintenance.

• Multi-point variables may be included in one field device, dramatically reducing instrument costs.

StoneL

Corporation

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

www.stonel.com

19

Protection Concepts

process

networking

solutions

o n C o n c e p t s process networking solutions Explosion Proof with

Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment

Ex NIE

Area Classifications

• Class I Groups A, B, C, D Division 2

• Class II Groups E, F, G Division 2

Compatible Protocols

Most Field Based Protocols are suitable for use in explosion proof systems with nonincendive equipment provided proper installation methods are used and nonincen- dive components are properly certified.

In Division 2 areas nonincendive devices may be installed in explosion proof systems. Division 2 explosion proof conduit systems may also be installed with

less robust enclosures and conduits. Since the combustible gases are present under abnormal conditions the probability of ignition is reduced significantly. As

a result fewer precautions are needed in order to assure safe operation.

Basic Concept

• Used as part of an explosion proof system in Division 2 areas.

• Enclosures may be general purpose and must be rated as nonincendive equipment.

• Nonincendive components are typically mounted in general purpose enclosures to protect them from the environment. Components must not create arcs or sparks (solid state) or have arcs contained within an hermetically sealed chamber. Component surface temperatures must not exceed ignition levels of gas-air mixture or cause excessive dehydration or carbonization which may spontaneously ignite dust-air mixture.

Advantages

• Lower cost enclosures.

• Less space consumed.

• Enclosures may be opened with circuits energized.

• No seal-offs are required on nonincendive devices.

• Non-metallic enclosures are acceptable.

• Substantial electric power is available for instrumentation.

Disadvantages

• Circuits have electric shock hazard.

• Division 2 areas only.

Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment (Class I and II; Div. 2)

LEGEND LEGEND FieldRack pages 170-171 Gateways pages 37-57, 88-90, 122-125, 141-147 Junction Module pages 158-163
LEGEND
LEGEND
FieldRack
pages 170-171
Gateways
pages 37-57, 88-90,
122-125, 141-147
Junction Module
pages 158-163
Power Supplies
pages 58-61, 91-93,
126-127, 148
StoneL VCTs
O
P
E
page 197
N
Devices illustrated may not be approved for the particular application shown. Consult StoneL's web site at
www.stonel.com/fieldlink/approvals for the latest approval information on illustrated StoneL products.
SAFE AREAHAZARDOUS
AREA

20

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processnetworking solutions Protection Concepts Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment   Ex NIE   NEC

networking

solutions

Protection Concepts

Explosion Proof with Nonincendive Equipment

 

Ex NIE

 

NEC 2002 References

Field Enclosures: Articles 501.2, 501.3, 501.5, 501.6, and 501.7

 

Field Wiring

Field Wiring: Articles 501.4, 501.5, 501.11, and 501.14

 

Connections: Articles 501.3 (B)(6), 501.4, 501.12, and 501.13

Field Instrument Components:

Articles 501.3, 501.6, 501.7, and 501.10

 

Connections

• Approved explosion proof fittings.

 

Field Instrument Components

Nonincendive components consist of:

Installation Cost Comparison

 

Economic Analysis

(calculated per field device)

Conventional

AS-Interface

FF*

Computer I/O; Master/Gateway Conduit, Cable Tray, Wiring and Fittings Valve Monitor/VCT and Pneumatic Valve Switched Protected Drop Connector Installation and Commissioning Labor Power Supply

 

$

70

$

50

$

160

$1,400

$

290

$

290

$ 315

$

450

$1,025

NA

$

160

$

160

$ 600

$

250

$

250

$ 50

$

30

$

30

Total Installed Cost

$2,435

$1,230

$1,915

*Foundation Fieldbus is not directly comparable. Analog instruments may require less adder over conventional 4 to 20 mA instruments

making this system cost effective when combining analog and discrete field instruments on the same segment. Functionality for FOUNDATION Fieldbus devices is also significantly greater, offering increased diagnostic and operational capabilities.

Basic Assumptions

 

Number of field devices on segment is not limited by electrical energy to the segment.

• One network segment consists of 16 field devices.

• Field devices are located in a cluster located an average distance of 200 feet from marshalling cabinet.

• Total bus network is 300 feet long.

• All network drop legs are short circuit protected and may be deenergized in the field.

Seal fittings are not required at field devices.

While bus remains energized field devices may be removed by switching off drop circuit.

• Costs may vary depending on specific application.

Networking Guidelines (Class I) Field Enclosures

• General purpose enclosures are suitable for use with nonincendive components (nonincendive equipment).

• Conduit seals are not required for nonincendive equipment.

• Enclosures may be opened without deenergizing circuits. However, wiring may not be manipulated while circuits are energized.

Threaded rigid metal conduit with a minimum of 5 threads of engagement.

• Type MI (mineral insulated, metal sheathed) and MC (metal clad) cable with suitable termination fittings.

• Liquidtight may be used where flexibility is required

• Flexible cord listed for extra-hard usage and provided with listed bushed fittings.

• Quick connectors are suitable provided all of the following conditions are met.

1. Power is removed from the circuit before plugging or unplugging.

2. Current does not exceed 3 amps @ 120VAC.

3. Cord is listed for hard usage with receptacle and plug of the locking and grounding type.

4. A label is attached to the receptacle warning against unplugging while energized.

1. Current interrupting contacts which are hermetically sealed against external gases.

2. Non-arcing (e.g. solid state) where the maximum operating surface temperature

does not exceed 80% of the ignition temperature of the exposed gases.

Total Installation savings $1,205 per field device or $19,280 for a 16 device segment

Additional Savings with Bus Network Installation

• Conduit, wiring and marshalling enclosures consume less space.

• Less infrastructure is required to support conduit and enclosures.

• Devices may be added later or system changed for minimal cost (number of devices per segment protocol dependent)

• Field devices may be capable of providing diagnostics for maintenance.

• Multi-point variables may be included in one field device, dramatically reducing instrument costs.

StoneL

Corporation

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

www.stonel.com

21

Protection Concepts

process

networking

solutions

o n C o n c e p t s process networking solutions T ray Cabling

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment

Tr Cbl NIE

Area Classifications

Class I Groups A, B, C, D Division 2 Class II Groups E, F, G Division 2

Compatible Protocols

Most Field Based Protocols are suitable for use with ITC or PLTC wiring and nonincen- dive equipment provided proper installation methods are used and nonincendive compo- nents are properly certified.

PLTC (Power Limited Tray Cable) or ITC (Instrument Tray Cable) may be used in haz- ardous division 2 areas because of NEC changes offering end-users greater flexibility. Significant power may be provided using these tray type cable systems enabling bus networks to operate at up to 5 amps for ITC and 3 amps for PLTC. When using either PLTC or ITC, structual support must be provided for the cabling with trays or other means and the power supply must be current limiting. Cabling may be connected into nonincendive equipment using compression fittings or connectors designed for haz- ardous division 2 applications.

Basic Concept

• ITC limited to 5 amps with 20 gauge or larger wiring using standard networking voltages; PLTC limited to 100 watts (e.g. 3.3 amps @ 30VDC or 4.1 amps @ 24VDC).

• Cabling must be PLTC or ITC and must be supported by cable tray, angles, struts, channels, messenger wire or other mechanical means.

• Circuits must have a current limited power supply (class 2 approved power supply is required for PLTC and is recommended for ITC).

Advantages

• Significant power for bus networks.

• Low cost wiring and instrument enclosures.

• Limited shock and ignition hazard (using class 2 power supply).

• Suitable for all fieldbus protocols.

Disadvantages

•PLTC and ITC wiring concepts are not well known.

• Limited to division 2 areas.

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment Network (Class I and II; Div. 2)

LEGEND LEGEND FieldBlock pages 164-169 FieldRack pages 170-171 Gateways pages 37-57, 88-90, 122-125, 141-147
LEGEND
LEGEND
FieldBlock
pages 164-169
FieldRack
pages 170-171
Gateways
pages 37-57, 88-90,
122-125, 141-147
Junction Module
pages 158-163
Power Supplies
pages 58-61, 91-93,
126-127, 148
O
StoneL VCTs
P
E
page 197
N

22

HAZARDOUS AREA SAFE AREA
HAZARDOUS AREA
SAFE AREA

Devices illustrated may not be approved for the particular application shown. Consult StoneL's web site at www.stonel.com/fieldlink/approvals for the latest approval information on illustrated StoneL products.

www.stonel.com

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process networking solutions Protection Concepts T ray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment   • F ield

process

networking

solutions

Protection Concepts

Tray Cabling with Nonincendive Equipment

 

Field Wiring

Tr Cbl NIE

   

NEC 2002 References

Field Enclosures: Article 501.3 (B)(4)

 

• ITC applications must have a power supply with overcurrent protection that does not exceed current limits for respective wire gauges (class 2 approved power supply is recommended).

Field Wiring:

PLTC - Article 725 (26 to 71) ITC - Article 727

Connections: Articles 501.3 (B)(6), 501.4, 501.12, and 501.13

Field Instrument Components: Articles 501.3, 501.6, 501.7, and 501.10

• PLTC (Power Limited Tray Cable) must be limited to 100 watts and 60 VDC (e.g. 3.3 amps @ 30VDC or 4.1 amps @ 24 VDC).

Connections

Field Instrument Components

Installation Cost Comparison Economic Analysis

(calculated per field device)

 

Conventional

AS-Interface

FF*

Computer I/O; Master/Gateway Conduit, Cable Tray, Wiring and Fittings Valve Monitor/VCT and Pneumatic Valve Switched Protected Drop Connector Installation and Commissioning Labor Power Supply

 

$ 70

$

50

$

160

$ 750

$

160

$

160

$ 315

$

450

$1,025

NA

$

100

$

100

$ 500

$

150

$

150

$ 50

$

30

$

30

Total Installed Cost

$1,685

$

940

$1,625

*Foundation Fieldbus is not directly comparable. Analog instruments may require less adder over conventional 4 to 20 mA instruments

making this system cost effective when combining analog and discrete field instruments on the same segment. Functionality for FOUNDATION Fieldbus devices is also significantly greater, offering increased diagnostic and operational capabilities.

Basic Assumptions

 

Number of field devices on segment is not limited by electrical energy to the segment

• One network segment consists of 16 field devices.

• Field devices are located in a cluster located an average distance of 200 feet (61m) from marshalling cabinet.

• Total bus network is 300 feet (91m) long.

All network drop legs are short circuit pro- tected and may be deenergized in the field

Seal fittings are not required at field devices.

• Field devices may be removed by switching off drop circuit while bus remains energized.

• Costs may vary depending on specific application.

• ITC (Instrument Tray Cable) must be limited to 150 volts and 5 amps for 20 gauge wire or larger or 3 amps for 22 gauge.

• PLTC applications must have a class 2 approved power supply.

Networking Guidelines (Class I) Field Enclosures

Same as those described on page 21 for Ex NIE.

• P LTC and ITC used in cable tray sys- tems must have a separation of at least 2 in. (5 cm) or a mechanical bar- rier from higher power circuits.

• P LTC and ITC may be used as open wiring between cable tray and instru- ments for up to 15m (50 ft.) and must be mechanically protected by angles, struts, channels or other mechanical means or supported by messenger wire.

• P LTC and ITC may be used as open wiring between cable tray and instru- ments for up to 15m (50 ft.) where cable complies with MC (metal clad) and is identified for such use.

• May also use Field wiring as described on page 21

• Same connections described on page 21.

• P LTC and ITC may be connected using compression type fittings installed in a manner to avoid tensile stress at the termination points.

• Flexible cord and quick connectors are suitable provided all conditions are met as described on page 21 for Class I Division 2 locations.

Same as nonincendive components described on page 21.

Total Installation savings $745 per field device or $11,920 for a 16 device segment

Additional Savings with Bus Network Installation

• Conduit, wiring and marshalling enclosures consume less space.

• Less infrastructure is required to support conduit and enclosures.

• Devices may be added later or system changed for minimal cost (number of devices per segment protocol dependent).

• Field devices may be capable of providing diagnostics for maintenance.

• Multi-Point variables may be included in one field device dramatically reducing instrument costs.

StoneL

Corporation

Te lephone 218-739-5774 / Toll free 800-843-7866

www.stonel.com

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