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PARTEA A: GENERALITI REGULA 1 Domeniul de aplicare a) Prezentele reguli se aplic tuturor navelor aflate n mare larg i pe toate apele

nvecinate navigabile pentru navele maritime.

PART A: GENERAL RULE 1 Application a) These Rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith navigable by seagoing vessels. Nothing in these Rules shall interfere with operation of special rules made by an the

b) Nici o prevedere a prezentelor reguli nu b)


trebuie speciale, s mpiedice stabilite aplicarea de ctre prevederilor autoritatea

appropriate authority for roadsteads, harbors, rivers, lakes or inland waterways connected with the high seas and navigable by seagoing vessels. Such special rules shall conform as closely as possible to these rules.

competent, cu privire la navigaia n rade, porturi, fluvii, lacuri sau cile navigabile interioare cu acces la marea larg i navigabile pentru navele trebuie maritime. s fie ct Aceste mai prevederi conforme speciale cu posibil

prezentele reguli.

c) Nici o dispoziie din prezentele reguli nu c)


trebuie s mpiedice aplicarea prevederilor speciale stabilite de guvernul unui stat cu privire la suplimentarea numrului luminilor de poziie, a semnalelor luminoase, a semnalelor cu sirena utilizate de ctre navele de rzboi i navele n convoi sau n vederea suplimentrii numrului luminilor de poziie, a semnelor ori a semnalelor luminoase expuse de ctre navele de pescuit ce acioneaz n cadrul unei flotile. Aceste mijloace suplimentare: suplimentare lumini de poziie, semne semnale sau luminoase, vizuale

Nothing in these Rules shall interfere with of any State with respect to

the operation of any special rules made by the Government additional station or signal lights, shapes or whistle signals for ships of war and vessels proceeding under convoy, or with respect to additional station or signal lights or shapes for fishing vessels engaged in fishing as a fleet. These additional station or signal lights, shapes or whistle signals shall, so far as possible, be such that they cannot be mistaken for any light, shape or signal authorized elsewhere under these Rules.

semnale sonore trebuie, att de mult ct este posibil s fie utilizate astfel nct s nu poat fi confundate cu orice alt lumin sau semnal (semn) autorizat prin oricare din aceste reguli. d) Organizaia poate adopta dispozitive de separare a traficului n scopul prezentelor reguli;

d)

Traffic

separation

schemes

may

be

adopted by the Organization for the purpose of these Rules. e) Whenever the Government concerned shall have determined that a vessel of special construction or purpose cannot comply fully with the provisions of any of these Rules with respect to the number, position, range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes, as well as to the disposition and characteristics of sound-signaling appliances, such vessel shall comply with such other
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e) Ori de cte ori un guvern a determinat


c o nav de construcie special sau destinat unor operaiuni speciale nu se poate conforma tuturor prevederilor cuprinse n oricare din prezentele reguli, n ceea ce privete numrul, amplasarea, btaia sau sectorul de vizibilitate a luminilor sau semnelor, atunci o astfel de nav trebuie s se conformeze altor prevederi similare

REGULA 2 Responsabiliti a) Nici una din prevederile prezentelor reguli nu trebuie s exonereze de rspundere o nav sau pe proprietarul ei, pe comandantul sau echipajul acesteia, fa de consecinele unei neglijene reguli sau prevedere oarecare de cerute privind de aplicarea oricror acestor de a neglijarea msuri obinuit

RULE 2 Responsibility

a)

Nothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner, master or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to comply with these Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case.

practica

navigatorilor sau de mprejurrile deosebite n care se gsete nava. b) n interpretarea i conformarea fa de b)

In construing and complying with these and collision and to any special

prezentele reguli se va ine seama de toate pericolele de navigaie i de riscurile de coliziune precum i de toate circumstanele deosebite incluznd limitele navelor n cauz, care pot duce la ndeprtarea de prezentele reguli n scopul evitrii unui pericol imediat. REGULA 3 Definiii generale Pentru scopul prezentelor reguli, exceptnd cazul n care n context se prevede expres altfel, se definesc: a) Termenul Nav include orice mijloace plutitoare inclusiv mijloace fr pescaj i hidroavioanele, folosite sau capabile de a fi folosite ca mijloc de transport pe ap. b) Expresia Nav cu propulsie mecanic nseamn orice nav propulsat de o main.

Rules due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation circumstances, including the limitations of the vessels involved, which may make a departure from these Rules necessary to avoid immediate danger. RULE 3 General Definitions For the purpose of these Rules, except where the context otherwise requires: a) The word of craft being "Vessel" water and used craft, as includes including a means every nonor of description displacement capable b) of

seaplanes,

used

transportation on water. The term "power-driven vessel" means any vessel propelled by machinery.

c)

Expresia Nav cu vele nseamn orice

c) vessel

The

term

"sailing

vessel" that

means

any

nav care navig sub vele, iar dac are o main de propulsie aceasta nu este folosit.

under

sail

provided

propelling

machinery, if fitted, is not being used.

d)

Expresia Nav angajat n pescuit

d)

The term "vessel engaged in fishing" means

nseamn orice nav care pescuiete cu plase, carmace, traule sau orice alte unelte de pescuit ce-i reduc manevrabilitatea, aceast expresie nu include ns navele care pescuiesc cu crlige remorcate sau cu alte unelte de pescuit ce nu le reduc manevrabilitatea.

any vessel fishing with nets, lines, trawls or other fishing apparatus which restrict manoeuvrability, but does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus which do not restrict maneuverability.

e)

Termenul

hidroavion

nseamn

orice

e)

The word "seaplane" includes any aircraft

aeronav conceput s manevreze pe ap.

designed to maneuver on the water.

f)

Expresia nav care nu este stpn pe

f)

The

term

"vessel

not

under

command"

manevra sa nseamn o nav care, n anumite circumstane, nu este n stare s manevreze aa cum cer prezentele reguli i deci nu se poate ndeprta din drumul altei nave. g) Expresia nav cu capacitate de manevr redus nseamn o nav a crei capacitate de a manevra conform prezentelor reguli este limitat prin natura lucrrilor sale i deci nu se poate
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means a vessel which through some exceptional circumstance is unable to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vessel. g) The term "vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver" means a vessel which from the nature of her work is restricted in her ability to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore

ndeprta din drumul altei nave. Expresia Nav cu capacitate de manevr redus trebuie s includ urmtoarele nave, fr a se limita ns la acestea: 1) navele ocupate mijloacelor cu de lansarea ntreinere sau a

unable to keep out of the way of another vessel. The term vessels restricted in their ability to maneuver shall include but not be limited to: 1) vessels engaged in laying, servicing or picking up a navigation mark, submarine cable or pipeline; 2) a vessel engaged in dredging, surveying or underwater operations; 3) a vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring persons, provisions or cargo while underway;

ntreinerea submarine;

navigaiei, a unui cablu sau a unei conducte 2) navele angajate n cercetri sau lucrri sub ap; 3) navele care, n timp ce se afl n mar fac alimentare cu combustibil sau transbord de persoane, provizii sau marf; 4) nave ocupate n lansarea sau recuperarea aeronavelor; 5) navele angajate n operaiuni de dragare a minelor; 6) navele angajate n operaiuni de remorcare care ngreuneaz mult capacitatea remorcherului i remorcii sale de a modifica drumul. h) Expresia Nav stnjenit de pescajul su h) desemneaz orice nav cu propulsie mecanic, care, din cauza pescajului su, sau a limii cii navigabile este mult ngreunat n capacitatea sa de a-i modifica drumul. i) Expresia n mar se aplic oricrei nave care nu este nici la ancor nici legat la mal (geamandur), nici euat; j) k) Termenii Lungimea i limea unei nave Navele trebuie s fie considerate ca fiind n nseamn lungimea peste tot i limea maxim; vedere una fa de alta, chiar dac numai una dintre ele poate fi observat vizual de cealalt; l) Expresia vizibilitate redus nseamn orice situaie n care vizibilitatea este redus din cauza ceei, burniei, ninsorii, averselor puternice de ploaie, furtunilor de nisip sau oricrei cauze asemntoare.

4) a vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraft; 5) a vessel engaged in mine clearance operations; 6) a vessel engaged in a towing operation such as severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their course.
The term "vessel constrained by her draught" means a power-driven vessel which, because of her draught in relation to the available depth and width of navigable water, is severely restricted in her ability to deviate from the course she is following.

i)

The word "underway" means that a vessel is

not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground; j) k) The words "length" and "breadth" of a vessel Vessels shall be deemed to be in sight of one mean her length overall and greatest breadth; another only when one can be observed visually from the other; l) The term "restricted visibility" means any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog, mist, falling snow, heavy rainstorms, sandstorms or any other similar causes.

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