Sunteți pe pagina 1din 16

1

1 What UNEP has to offer to cities: Introduction to UNEP’s work on built and urban

What UNEP has to offer to cities:

Introduction to UNEP’s work

on built and urban environment

2

Cities as Potential Drivers of Change

Population:

2 Cities as Potential Drivers of Change • Population : 50% of the world population lives

50% of the world population lives in cities today.

70% expected by 2050

All of the population growth in the next four decades will be absorbed by urban areas

Resource pressure:

Cities consume over 75% of the world’s natural resources, use 60% - 80% of global energy and are responsible for 75% of the CO2 emissions

Economic driver:

Urban based economic activities account for 55% of GNP in LDCs, 73% in middle income countries, and 85% in the most developed countries

=> Dilemma: Cities as driver of global unsustainable resource use, but also greatest potential for sustainability-oriented innovations

3

Promoting Sustainable Cities

3 Promoting Sustainable Cities The Urban Environment Programme aims to: • Integrate the urban dimension in

The Urban Environment Programme aims to:

Integrate the urban dimension in key global environment issues

Promote the link between local and global agendas and action

Promote resource efficient and sustainable cities Make the case of integrating environment in strategic planning at city level and to provide advice to cities/city networks

UNEP addresses these goals from three different angles:

1. Awareness Raising, Advocacy and Strategic Partnerships

2. Development of Tools and capacity-building

3. Contributing to Global Knowledge on cities

and Strategic Partnerships 2. Development of Tools and capacity-building 3. Contributing to Global Knowledge on cities

4

Through Partnerships, Networks, Campaigns

4 Through Partnerships, Networks, Campaigns • Local Governments Climate Roadmap Support to Local Governments Sessions

Local Governments Climate Roadmap

Support to Local Governments Sessions at UNFCCC COPs

Promotion of Low-Carbon Cities (e.g. in China, South Korea)

Partnership with Local Government Associations (e.g. ICLEI and UCLG)

Partnership with UN-HABITAT and World Bank

Member of Cities Alliance

“Recruiting” cities in UNEP’s Climate Neutral Network

UN-HABITAT and World Bank • Member of Cities Alliance • “Recruiting” cities in UNEP’s Climate Neutral

5

UNEP’s Green Economy Initiative

5 UNEP’s Green Economy Initiative • Launched in 2008 by UNEP, macroeconomic analysis of policy reforms

Launched in 2008 by UNEP, macroeconomic analysis of policy reforms and investments in green sectors and in greening brown sectors

To offer a viable alternative to the unsustainable status quo

Three sets of activities

Green Economy Report and related research materials

Providing advisory services in specific countries

Engage in implementing the Green Economy Initiative with a

wide range of partners

services in specific countries • Engage in implementing the Green Economy Initiative with a wide range

6

Cities and Green Economy

6 Cities and Green Economy • Cities are platforms for delivering environmental sustainability, economic growth and

Cities are platforms for delivering environmental sustainability,

economic growth and well-being (inclusive growth)

Cities are central instruments for de-linking higher living standards and increasing resource consumption

Report provides public policy recommendations for transforming

existing cities, and delivering new ones, taking into account

regional differences in climatic conditions, culture and societal values

For more information, see http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/

Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and
Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and

Strong international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and strategies, advice and support to policy-makers.

Mission: present the common voice of building sector

stakeholders on buildings and climate change, drawing on

UNEP’s unique capacity to provide a global platform for collective action.

Our members: International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs

International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs
International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs
International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs
International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs
International and national companies; Federations; Green building councils; Local authorities; Associations and NGOs
UNEP-SBCI works to promote sustainable building policies and practices worldwide 8 OBJECTIVES: ACTIVITIES and OUTPUTS:

UNEP-SBCI works to promote sustainable

building policies and practices worldwide

8

sustainable building policies and practices worldwide 8 OBJECTIVES: ACTIVITIES and OUTPUTS: Common platform

OBJECTIVES:

ACTIVITIES and OUTPUTS:

Common platform Outreach, awareness-raising, training workshops Advice and support to policy-makers (cities,
Common platform
Outreach, awareness-raising, training workshops
Advice and support to policy-makers (cities, governments, UNFCCC)
Tools and strategies
Core issues for sustainability (Sustainable Buildings Index)
Baselines of performance
National and regional assessments of the status of sustainable buildings
Support local, national
and global projects
Pilot Tools at city, portfolio and individual building levels

More information:

Sustainable Buildings Index A framework for building performance: -Energy + GHG Emissions; -Water; -Materials;
Sustainable Buildings Index A framework for building performance: -Energy + GHG Emissions; -Water; -Materials;

Sustainable Buildings Index

A framework for building performance:

-Energy + GHG Emissions; -Water; -Materials;

-Economics; -Social issues; -Biodiversity

Measuring Energy Use & Reporting GHG Emissions from Building Operations

Energy: kWh/m 2 /yr Emissions: kgCO 2 e/m 2 /yr

In collaboration with: World Resources Institute (WRI)

1

Sustainable Buildings and Cities

1 Sustainable Buildings and Cities 0 Sustainable Buildings Policies in Developing countries (SPOD) : • Assist

0

Sustainable Buildings Policies in Developing countries (SPOD) :

Assist governments at national and local levels to develop policy tools in

support of mainstreaming sustainable construction and building approaches, also resulting in reduced carbon footprint from buildings

Quick-scan tool: assess policies, barriers and challenges

Building blocks: find the most appropriate tool for the context

Field testing: piloting of tools and training

Dissemination and awareness-raising

tool for the context • Field testing: piloting of tools and training • Dissemination and awareness-raising

1

Sustainable Social Housing Initiative

Aim: promote sustainability in social housing programmes

Aim: promote sustainability in social housing programmes 1 Output: Methodology and tools for implementation of

1

Output: Methodology and tools for implementation of sustainable solutions and technologies in social housing projects

Pilot implementation in Bangkok and São Paulo:

- Assessment of local priorities and challenges;

- Status of social housing programmes;

- Policies, market initiatives, voluntary actions.

- Definition of actions to address challenges:

- Training, awareness-raising, capacity building;

- Database of solutions;

- Guidelines for pilot sites.

challenges : - Training, awareness-raising, capacity building; - Database of solutions; - Guidelines for pilot sites.
challenges : - Training, awareness-raising, capacity building; - Database of solutions; - Guidelines for pilot sites.
challenges : - Training, awareness-raising, capacity building; - Database of solutions; - Guidelines for pilot sites.
The Need for Private Sector Support
The Need for Private Sector Support

12

The Need for Private Sector Support 12

Agents of change:

Work with governments to develop policies

that make a difference

Renovate Buildings:

To maximise the emission reduction and

improve climate adaptability

Demonstrate best practice:

Demonstrate technology know-how frontiers

on own and rented offices

Holistic Solutions:

Move to holistic and system solutions to

sustainable buildings

Educate the supply chain

For example…., the Partnership for Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) • Set up in 2002

For example…., the Partnership for Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV)

Set up in 2002 at the World Summit for Sustainable Development

(Rio + 10)

Public private partnership

USEPA and UNEP among founders

Clearing house in UNEP

To promote and support cleaner fuels and vehicles in

transitional and developing countries

3 specific campaigns:

To phase out leaded gasoline

To reduce fuel sulphur levels

To promote cleaner vehicles

Leaded Petrol Phase out in

Leaded Gasoline Phase Out in

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa

Leaded Petrol Phase out in Leaded Gasoline Phase Out in Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa
Leaded Petrol Phase out in Leaded Gasoline Phase Out in Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa

15

15 Conclusion • Strategic attention on built environment and urban planning necessary • Reduction potential of

Conclusion

Strategic attention on built environment and urban planning necessary

Reduction potential of buildings is important & deserve better attention

Political will is key, Business action is

necessary & consumers awareness is critical

deserve better attention • Political will is key, Business action is necessary & consumers awareness is

Thank you for your attention!

Soraya.smaoun@unep.org Hilary.french@unep.org 16 United Nations Environment Programme Division of

16

United Nations Environment Programme

Division of Technology, Industry and Economics

15, rue de Milan, 75441 Paris Cedex 09, France

Tel : +33 (0) 1 4437 1429 Fax : +33 (0) 1 4437 1474 E-mail : unep.tie@unep.org

Paris Cedex 09, France Tel : +33 (0) 1 4437 1429 Fax : +33 (0) 1