Sunteți pe pagina 1din 74

1 -.1

 

V -

- .-

-

t

r

-

,=,

=

I=.

3-

-P

t

.

'I

-.

ST

-

.

~-bS~~-S-67-63

December 15, 1967

I-:"

-V

,

-

- 1-

yrrl -.,r.t-

-8

I

1

>

;

-

Jdr

C: c ---- ,-----5 1 idu, ------,,

UECMWOCAL ONFORMATOON SUMMARY

APQbbQ 5 [AS-XM~LM-UD

AbOLLQ SATURN UB

5L08MU VECIIICLE

PREPARED BY:

R-PaVE-VNC

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

This document is prepared jointly bjr the Marshall Space Flight

Center Laboratories R-AERO-f, R-ASTR-S, and R-PWE-VN. The document presents a brief and concise description of theAS-204/LM-l Apollo Saturn Space Vehicle. Where necessary, for clarification, additional related information has been included.

It is not the intent of this document to completely define the

Space Vehicle or its systems and subsystems in detail. The information

presented herein, by text and sketches, describes launch preparatfon activities, launch facflities, and the space vehicle. This information

permits the reader to follow the space vehicle sequence of events begin-

ning a few hours prior

to liftoff to its journey inta space.

The basic purpose of the AS-204/LM-1 mission 3s to launch and

test an unmanned Lunar Module (LM) for verification of crew safety

items and to verify

the launch vehicle's

systems performance in prepa-

ration for subsequent operational manned space vehicle missions.

2.

MissionObjecrives:

Mission Objectives Cate~ories:

The objectives listing is according to the objective category (primary vs. secondary).

Primary Objectives - Are those which are mandatory.

Malfunc-

tion of launch vehicle systems, ground equipment, or instrumentation

which would result: in failure to achieve these objectives will cause a

"hold"

ar mission cancellation until the malfunction has been eliminated.

Secondary Objectives - Are those which are desirable but not

mandatory.

objectives, may cause a hold or mission cancellation as indicated in the

Mission Rules.

Malfunctions, which would result in failure to attain these

Misston Primary Objectives - AS-204/LM-1 - As listed in the Flight Mission Assignments Document:

a,

Verify operarfon of the following LM subsystems:

-- Ascent Propulsion System (US),

--

Descent Propulsion System (DPS) (f ncluding restart),

-- Structure.

b.

Evaluate LM staging.

c. Evaluate S-IVB/IU orbital performance.

Detailed LV Primary Objectives:

Evaluate S-IVB/IU orbital performance.

Specifically :

a. Evaluate the LV attitude control and maneuvering

capability.

b. Verify the S-IVB LH2 and LOX rank boiloff character-

iatics.

c. Demonstrate nose cane separation from the S-IVB/IU/SWL.

d. Evaluate the operational adequacy of the launch vehicle

systems; including guidance and control, electrical, mechanical and instrumentation.

Launch Vehicle - Secondary Objectives:

a. Evaluate S-IVB forward skirt in-flight panel flutter.

b. Evaluate V-2 engine crossover duet temperature experiment.

c, Evaluate S-IVB LH2 and Klc propellant dump experiment.

d. Evaluate Launch Vehltcle. orbital coast lifetirne capability.

3. Mlssion Profile:

The Apollo saturn-204/~unarModule-1 will be launched at Cape Kennedy, Launch Complex 37, Pad B. Vehicle will be launched on a 90" E of N launch azimuth and wi11 be rolled to a flight azimuth of 72" E of N by the launch vehicle control system based on signals from the

control computer. The 5-IB phase utilizes a preset time-tilt program to produce a gravity turn trajectory. Guidance commands, during the

S-IV3 portlon of the ascent-to-orbft, will be generated in the Itera- tive Guidance Mode (IGM) which will navigate and guide the S-IVB/IU/SLA into an 85 x 120 nautical mile ellfptical orbit. Insertion should

occur 10 seconds after guidance cutoff or 602.26

seconds after liftoff.

result in^ Orbit wJll be:

Inclination --- 31.6143'

Period

Apogee

Perigee

Velocity

--- 88.2785

min.

--- 123 nautical miles

--- 88 nautical miles

--- 7828.77

m/sec.

Shortly after insertion the S-IVB attitude control system will execute maneuvers to place the longitudinal axis of the vehicle along the velocity vector and subsequently will maintain that attitude in an

orbital rate mode. The nose cone will be jettisoned and the SU panels will be deployed after orbital insertion.

The LM will remain attached to the S-IVB/IU/SWI for approxi-

mately 45 minutes and the S-IVBIIU will provide attitude stabilization

for LM separation.

Approximately 1 1/2 hours after LM separation a S-IVB LOX and

LH2 propellant dump experiment will be performed. This experiment will

be completed approximately 4 1/2 hours after orbital insertion.

SA-204/LM-1 S-I'JB LOX and LH2 Propellant Removal Test

The propellant removal teat en SA-204JLM-1

dl1 dump LOX and

LH2 propellant through the 5-2 engine on the second revolution over Australia during the cold soak of the LM.

At 1 hour and 36 minutes from liftoff, an on-board signal is

given which enables this test.

The propellant test does not start for *minutes

after the

on-board signal is glven. During this time, the test can be dis-

abled by ground command if necessary,

In preparation for teat, [approximately 2 hours and 20 minutes

after liftoff),

the S-IVB/IU will maneuver to a I-ocalvertical

attktude - pitch 270°, SLA panels toward earth, yaw 0°, and roll

85".

In order to point the best portion of the IU antenna pattern

toward the Carnarvon station, the S-IVB/IU will perform continuous roll during the Propellant Removal Test.

Shortly after 2 hours and 26 minutes into the mission the main-

stage control valve

in the 5-2

engine w331 be opened and the LOX

tank will vent through the engine for 2 minutes. This action will

be followed immediately by a similar 3-minute vent of the LH2 tank.

Attitude control in pitch and yaw will be attempted by gimballing

the engine Ear the first 80 seconds of LOX dump after which ft will switch back to APS control.

Approximately 20 minutes after the fuel dump test, whlle the

vehicle is over Hawaii, the Launch Vehicle starts a cold helium dump. This dump continues for 22 minutes durfng which time the vent valves are also open which depletes the tank pressurization helium supply.

Helium which supplles control valve pressure is dumped 4 and

3/4 hours after liftoff while the vehicle is passing over the

United States for the third time.

FIGURE

GENERAL

LIST OF FIGURES

TITLE

PAGE

1

AS-204 JLM-1

Space Vehicle

2

Launch Complex 37

3

LC 37,

Pad B Configuration

4

LC 37B Integrated Launch ESE Block Diagram

5

LC 37B Propellant

and Pressurization Subsystems

LAUNCH VEHICLE

S-IB

Stage Flight Sequencing

S-IVB Stage Flight Sequencing

Secure Range Safety System

Emergency Detection System

Trajectory Information

Guidance and Control System - Black Diagram

Network Coverage Constraints

Tracking Network

Tracking, Telemetry and Range Safety Coverage

Orbital Ground Protection

Space Vehicle Weight vs Flight Time

S-IB STAGE

S-IB Stage Configuration

H-1

H-l

Operational Sequence

Engine System

S-IB Stage Propellant

System

S-IB Stage Thrust Vector Control System

S-IB Stage Measuring System

S-IB Stage Telemetry System

S-IB Stage Electrical Power and Distribution System

LIST OF FIGUElES (continued)

FIGURE

S-IVB STAGE

TITLE

S-IVB Stage Configuration

5-2

Engine System

S-IVB Stage Propellant System

S-IVB Stage Propellant Utflization

S-IVB Stage Thrust Vector Control System

Auxiliary Propulsion System

S-IVB Stage Measuring System

S-IYB Stage Telemetry System

PAGE

S-IVB Stage Electrical Power and Distribution System

- IU

IU Configuration

IU Measuring System

IU Telemetry System

IU Electrical Power and Distribution System

IU/S-IVB Environmental Control System

SPACECRAFT

SLA Configuration

Lunar Module

Interface - IU/SLA Jettison Controller

a Launch Complelr 37

MSE FACILITY

PROPELLAHT f PRESSURIZATION SUBSYSTEMS

-

-

GMt-7

I

I

I

I

I

Hiqh Pressure

Vapori revs

Low Pressure

Vaporizer

Pneumatic Con+roI

Dtstributor

Storaqc

6,000 PsrC

TO

RP-1, ~wt

LH2 Control

Consoles

GNz 50

rn TO

1- ---- -91-3- --I -I- I--------

Gastaus

Helium

From Supply

Trailers

-

5ior.q.He

.

b,OOO PSI6

Environmental

Control Systcm

-To Pneumatic

Control

Distributor

To 5-1VB Shqr

rn Pneumafic Strvieinq

Gaseous Hydroqen

GHz

From Pottable

Storaqa

Recharqer

6,000

PSlG

MSE

MethsnicfiE support Lquipmcwt

Definition - Fli~htSequence Propam

US-204/LM-1)

Four prhary Time Bases are used in this Vehicle Flight Sequence Program to achieve optimum vehicle mfss5on with a suitable sequential

operation and timing of flight events.

In addition to these 4 time bases, one alternate time base is provided for LEM abort capability.

Safeguards have been established wherever necessary to prevent pre- mature initiation of time bases.

Proper establishment of time bases provides a safe and reliable vehicle on the pad and in flight.

If any one of the four primary time bases (TI, T2, T3, or TLJ is

not established, subsequent time bases cannot be started and the vehicle

miss5on cannot be completed.

To further increase mission reliability in the absence of normal

time base signals, backup methods have been devised to establish these

time bases,

I

1

I

Uote :

Appvo~.t".mw

Shown are in JPC.

weqsur~d{vow

1

I

I

I

1

I

T

I

P

out " Capability

sen5or awing 132.5

\eve\ sensor actu&e~- 136

I

A Inboard Enqine Cu4oTf -j41

1

4

I

Open S-IVB Lor 4 LH? p~avahre~*~42

Enable Lo* depletion cutoff -I42

I

I

I

I I

I

I

I

1-

~11ogcrocKe+ iivlnq

A 3eparat;a

cow~cl.rdA LYS

I

I

1

-1-3

+WW+ or

TWOBclx I

&tot05

4to~t0~

Twe BacrsrZ T~YQBQ~~f

*

I*Ad-2 Enqi~Start ~onlland-14)

A IO/J-IVB Codl;nq on- rat

15-IVB Guidance Cutof6 -598

I

i&bw

mop. deple+ion wt&f -599

1 (back-up for quklsnc~C.O.)

IMote:

Appwx. +;MQS shown

ape ;rl second5

rneqsufed from 1.4

ururb;ikol disconnect

'LAUNCH VEHICLE SECURE RANGE SAFETY SYSTEMS

The secure range safety systems on the S-IB and S-IVB stages provide a communications link to transmit commands from ground sta-

tions

terminating the flight of an erratic vehicle by initiating emergency

engine cutoff and, if necessary, propellant dispersion.

to the vehicle during powered

flight, and a positive means of

Each powered stage contains two UHF radio receivers. Both

comand receivers on each of

the two stages respond to the same cm-

mand signal, each providing a backup system for the other.

The safing and arming device located on each stage is armed by

a signal from the blockhouse before vehicle.ignition. Follawfng orbi- tal insertion the S-IVB range safety system is "safed" by a command

from Range Safety Control to preclude accidental destruct.

S- I0 Stage

I 6stCty *2)

a*

(BaHrry f i)

L.a. to - 30 sec.

600 waft* output pourerv then swik)rsd

ta r$oo

waws

EMERGENCY DETECTION SYSTEM

Mission AS-204/LM-1 does not: carry an Apollo Spacecraft and

therefore does not have a complete EDS.

Since the EDS will be flown

"open loop" it cannot initiate an automatic abort.

All EDS abort parameters are telemetered for monitoring by the Launch Director,

Launch vehicle rate abort limits for telemetry monitoring:

P5tch and yaw

Ro I1

5.0 + 0.6

20.0

21.5

deg/sec.

deg/sec.

laJtrumcnt Unit

5iqn315 L91

from Coninl

riqml proearner ,

f 5% fd'lrc PCV

t 20*

f ,S*h Rolf

k~-201CJtM-1.)kFDS

CANNOT =&vat6

elom ur "op.~I**

an abr+

conngur*tkl3

Launch

To

tU r'lA

Jwitek Closer

*t .* 800 PSlkp

3 a.katd on each 6

+ha alqht H-l tnqincs

11

Enerq*ney Detection

Svsfcm

(EDS)

II

IECO-Imbomd EnqineCdeW

OECO- Outboard Erlginc CdM

TOM- nrstlve Guidaact ModC

Vs- -spec iFwd vckih

tsurock -

Laud s"awpPw-31- I%-6

Lauek Azimth - 900 E of H

Flight Azi&

- 72* 6 d:N

Maw. k#

/

18C.4 lm

SQ*dJIw Bare

4

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SUBSYSTEMS

Function and Description

Problems to be solved in order to insure mlssioa success

involve - navigation, guidance and control.

Figure 11 contains a block diagram of the Guidance and Control

Subsys tern.

Three accelerometers, mounted on the inner (inertial) gimbal

of the stabilized platform, measure the three components of

velocity resulting from vehfcle propulsion (x, y, 2). These acceleration measurements are fed to the Launch Vehicle Data

Adapter (LVDA) which serves as an input/output device for the Launch Vehicle Digital Computer (LVDC) .

The dual speed resolvers,

located at the gimbal pivot points,

are used to measure vehicle attitude with respect to the Inertial

Platform. These angular outputs are converted into a digital count

in the LVDA.

Any maneuver, required to achieve a desired end condition, is

determined by

the LVDC.

The LVDA, acthg as

the fnput and output

device for LVDC,

transforms this

data into a form which is compatible

with other portions of the

system.

The LVDC compares vehicle attitude correction commands with

control sensor inputs to develop a control commacd to the stage

engine actuators. The resulting cormnand represents a computed dif-

ference between existing and desired attitude angles.

The required resulting action (thrust direction) is obtained by

gimballing the engines in the propelling stage, thus changing vehicle

direction. In the S-IV5 stage,

for roll control since the stage has only one engine.

an auxiliary propulsion system is used

This control

is effective during S-IVB powered flight, During coast flight, the

auxiliary propulsion system provides complete control of the S-IVB/IU

stage.

LVDA output

is

also routed to stage circuitry via the switch

selectors for

sequencing purposes.

Changing or introducing new data into the LVDC is made possible

through the Instrument Unit command system from ground stations.

Visibility limit circles

for an elevation of 5 degrees are shown

in F5gure 15 for the primary ground stations for tracking,

telemetry

and updata.

Whenever the orbital ground projections are within the limit

circle, the vehicle will be visible to the statfons.

Post-separation

Phase

During the second revolution, the S-IVB LOX and LH2 Propellant

Dump Experiment will be activated.

as Propellant Removal Test and S-IVB Stage Passivation.

This experiment is also described

Figure 12 describes the network coverage constraints for each of

the phases described above.

Launch Phaas

b '

Cont i nuaur Record Frm ' LiftofftoS-IVBCutoff

Fran2lndspendent

Syfiten8.andFro.S-IVB
I

I

0

Cutoff

From I

for

Syrt.

1.5

Mlnufsr

Continuous Record From

f LiftafftoS-IYICutoff

E bg2St~tlonrmdFrom

L 3-IYBCutoffFor1.5Mln.

by I Station. Continuous

1

Saparat ion Phars

Cont lnuoua C-band

atLeast2Minutarkfore

Separation Until 2 Minutes AfterJsparation.

Corer

for

Cont inuoua Record. and Real- TimsFlt.ControlDataFor

atLaast2Hln.Before

Untll2Min.lftar

Ssparrt Ion.

Activ# Post-Separat ion Phase

C-band

Beacon Tracking Frm

2StationsparAev.-IWO

Apart-For

flrrt 4 Rev#. and

I stat ionl~ev. For Dsrat Ion

of

Sys terns Ll fs.

Record at Least 3 Minutas

Fromattsart4Stationsl

Rev.

Mlaslon.

Ynt i l

Unt i l

4 112 Hours

lnta

Thsn 2 Stm. /Rev.

End of Est Immtsd

M Racordof

3-IEtIaFllrtIe

Systsme Llfs; Then I Stm.1

E

Fl igbt From 5-1 0 Cutoff

MOTE; Prior to Saprration,

Rev.

'For Duratlon of

Syst.

For 2 Mln.

Contlnuoue

Record and Rsrl-T Ems Data

Ll

fe.

Ra~l-Time Fl ight

R

Real-f Imr

Fl lght Control

ia Provided For at Lsrrt

Control

3 Mln.

Data For at Loart

y

Data From Liftoff

to

3Uinutss From I Station.

Frm I3tr.lRsv.

'

P '

A

f

A

3- lVl cutoif

Ml nute8.

+

1.5

UpdataCmpfibllityFro. Ll f toff PI ur 150 !heondl

to 3-IYICutoff

+40

Sscondr.

Cont bi l i t

Mlnuter Before Srpafat Ion Until 2 Minuten After

Ssparrt ion.

i nuour

y

Updata Capa-

Leaat 2

For at

I htll Y 112 Hours Into Mirr

Mlrsion.

Updrta Capab iI i ty For At

Least 3 Minutes Frm

I

I

Statlon/Rsv. Unt i I Y 112

Hours Into Mirrlon.

Command

(Data Transfer from Ground to Space Vehicle)

The purpose of the Saturn Instrument Unit: Comand

System

is to provide radio frequency digital data transmission between Manned Space Flight Network Stations and the on-beard Digital Computes in the Launch Vehicle (EVDC).

Data received by

the LVDC is used to update

certain vehicle

attitude parameters or to perform certain orbital operations in

the S-IVB/ IU.

Telemetry (Transmission of On-Board Parameters from Space Vehicle to Ground Stations)

Telemetry utilizes a system of sensing devices (transducers) whfch enables large quantities of physical data to be reduced into electrical intelligence. Various combinat2ons, involving Frequency as well as Pulse Code and Pulse Amplitude Modulation,

plus a frequency time-sharing system allows a great amount of data, in vehicle physical parameters, to be relayed to gxound

stations through limited transmitting paths.

While the vehicle is still on the launch pad, preflight telemetry checkout is accomplished by hardwire and umbilical cord transmission.

The 204/LM-1 carries a total of 18 telemetry systems distri-

buted as follows :

- S-IB Stage

- S-IVB Stage

- IU

- LtM

Tracking (Monitor or Measure Vehicle In-Flight

Comunication)

Purpose :

Location by

- Evaluate Guidance and Control

- Perform Attitude Correctfons

- Insure Range Safety

Vehicle 204/LM-1 carries transponders and beacons in the

following locations:

Location

- S-IB

- IU

System

- ODOP Transponder

- Two C-Band

Radar Beacons

- Glotrac Transponder

- X-Band

Rendezvous Radar

- Two C-Band

- USB Transponder

Radar Beacons

INSTRUMENT UNIT

Function

- DIGITAL

COMMAND SYSTEM CAPABILITY

Description

Periods of Acceptance

LM Abort

Causes LM abort switch

Enabled at T3 + 10 sec.

selectors and maneuvers.

until end of mission.

Inhibits certain coast

Enabled at

T4

+ 15

sec.

phase attitude maneuvers.

until end of mission.

Update

Changes the time of initia-

Enabled

at

Tq

+ 15

sec.

tion of the certain atti- tude maneuvers.

until end of mission,

Time Base Update

Navigation Update

Generalized Swfteh

Selector

Sector Dump

Telemeter Single

Memory Location

Terminate

Time base time is advanced

or retarded at the next

telemetry loss.

Navigation quantities are reset at the time speci-

fied.

Specified switch selector function is issued at the first opportunity.

Contents of specified memo- ry-sector are telemetered .

Contents of specified memo- ry-sector are telemetered.

Stop DCS routine and reset for new command.

Enabled

at Tq + 15 sec.

until end of

mission.

Enabled

at

T4 + 15

sec.

until end of mission.

Enabled at TL,+ 15 sec.

until end of mission.

Enabled at Tq + 15 sec.

until end of mission.

Enabled at Tt+ f 15 sec. until end of mission.

Enabled at TI+ + 15 sec.

until end of mission.

nn

- n

a -

v-

r

mo-

Mdf-

=

4e

-+a

-

x

W

t

A

F

0-

Y)

wz-*-ma

4

.-

n

X

z

wn

VI

a2.2 g~zk-5-~~

L.>a

a.

0

, 2.;

!=m=a

3

=am

szmP2k-z,D

un3ao~uouYau~~~

TZxF1-~ -146 3

-

I

ac

5-fB/EYB_

5ap~rrtrqq

c

1-

-1

ObOP (9-1s)

I

5-IYB C.O.

-590s

5-IBImpactStrqr

-5

40

)id--

-I

rr.eki"9C- --

Azvsa JGLOTRAC If U)

LOSS loss j

*

21~nrl

e-nrs/tu

Lo83 o-f

Attifudr

Contml

at d/o*

PPWLF

elat.

--YLos

--3 >LoS

--3

* IU 550 offat--&oh,5-IYB SS8 efQafd6 1.0s.

Purtnq orb#

s+ation%

+ha 6-IYB +rp vacowdev

mrd~basrJlPn

and playa back bvev

~ekrded da+Eon%.

3%

Camrnanded of+ after 5-TV engine cdoCF.

Fjgurr

-

14

Tracking ,klamatry, and

kng~Sr?rty Cwaraga

W

0

a

m

0

- .-

f

S

ii rn --

UP*

3 L

*Z#g" 82:

SPACE VEHICLE WEIGHT VS. FLIGHT TIME

Propellant consumptLon during S-IB Stage flight (approximately 144 seconds)

fs approximately 883,200 pounds and during S-IVB Stage flight (approximately 435 seconds) is 226,400 pounds.

In case one engine of the 5-IB

Stage maffunctions and is cutoff durfng

flight, the remaining engines will consume the propellant intended for the "dead"engine. Burning time of the stage would increase, and the overall vehicle loss would be minimized.

Vehicle Weight Data (Approximate)

Total at S-IB ignition

Total at lif to£f

Total at 3-13 O.E.C.O.

Total at S-IVB ignition

Total of S-IVB cutoff Total at nose cone jettison Total at LEM separation

Pounds

1,299,000 ibs.(Total Vehcle at 1qnit:on)

3-10 Propellont h4unrp)ioo -6,200

Ibs/*.

8-1 0 6taqe Inboo4 Inqhc WofQ (-141

5ec.)

3-IB Stqe 3epnrot;on (-WScw.)

5- TV 0 st aqe Xqni+ion (- 14T stc ) 296,100 1bs.

de+.)i40nUlraqeRoclroZ MhrJ (215 IbJ)Liftoff +I57 see.

5-fVB Propellan+ ConS~~ptiwr-500 IbJ:f stc.

5-XVB 5tqqe Eqi~Cvtdf I- 590 5-.)

S-IB STAGE STRUCm

The S-IB Stage consists of four 70-inch diameter fuel containers mounted

alternately with four 70-inch

LOX container.

aasembly to which are afftxed eight H-1 engines. The spider beam assembly provfdes

diameter LOX containers around a 105-inch dfameter

The containers are supported at the base by a thrust gtructure

the support structure at the forward end of the containers and serves as an adapter

for the S-ID

improve aerodynamic stability, and provide preflight

interstage.

Efght

fins are mounted at the base of the S-IB stage to

support,

and hold-down

of the

vehicle.

PROPULSION SYSTEM

The first stage of the launch vehicle is powered by a cluster of efght

Rocketdyne H-1 engines developing a total sea level thrust of 1,600,000 pounds.

Four engines are mounted autboard and four inboard; the four outboard engines

are gimballed for vehicle control.

The propellants are LOX and RP-1.

APS mmdular It)

Area Above Tanks (escapt

' E BW tirinq wnitm

H-1 ENGINE OPERATION

A start signal ignites the solid propellant gas generator (SPGG) which

accelerates

the LOX and RP-1 pumps.

Increasing fuel pressure opens the main

LOX valve which,

in turn, opens the sequence valve permitting fuel pressure

to rupture

the hypergolic cartridge.

Primary ignition occurs when the RP-1

and hypergolic fluid contact: LOX in the thrust chambex.

The injector

fuel

pressure opens the main RP-1 valve and provides propellant flow to the liquid propellant gas generator (LPGG) which sustains turbine operation.

The digital

computer initiates inboard engine cutoff 3.1

seconds after

the propellant level sensor actuation. Outboard engine cutoff is normally

the

initiated by

the LOX depletion probes, with the

fuel

depletion probes,

digital computer, and the thrust OK switches providing backup capabilities.

Both cutoff signals are routed through the S-XB Stage switch selector.

cutoff signal opens the explosively actuated Conax valve equalizing the RP-1

pressure at the main LOX valve. The valve closes to interrupt fuel flow and terminate engine operation.

The

SPGG Ignitfon SPGG Combustion

Main LOX Valve

Hypergol Cartridge Ruptures

Primry Ignition

Main RP-I Valve (Open)

Main IgnStion (Start)

(Open)

LPGG Operation

Mainstage Thrust

Canax Valva Actuates

0

I

1

58~.

2

5ec.

3

s~t.

Command

-Time

Srom Iqnitim

Fiqure 18

0

I

f

sec.

2

sec.

Time

.From Cdoff

H-l Operational

LUX Tank

Pressuriratl~n

RP-I

Thrust Chamber

RP-I

Preheat

Pressure System

LOX

200,000 lbs Ihrus+

m H- 1 Enqine SysSem

S-XB

STAGE PROPEL-

SISm

The S-IB Stage propellant aystem is composed of five LOX tanks, four

RP-2 tanks, propellant: lines, control valves, vents, and pressurization

subsystems. The mmp~of each group of tanks are interconnected to provide uniform propellant levels and pressureer. Loading of LOX and RP-1 tanks is

controlled by ground computere. After the RP-1 baa been loaded and just

before

RP-1 euctlon lines to prevent temperature stratification. At the start af

the start of LOX loading,

ground source GN2 is bubbled through the

the automatic sequence the RP-1 tanks are pressurized with ground source

GN2.

from two 19.3 cubic foot spheres located above two of the fuel tanks Ground source heliq is bubbled through the LOX lines and tanks st the

start of

the engine LOX suction lines.

continued and the LOX tanka are pressurized with helium from a ground source.

During S-IB burn, fuel tank pressurization ia maintained by Me

the automatic sequence to prevent temperature stratification fn

Prior

to engine ignition the bubbling

is die-

After liftoff,

the LOX tank pressurdzetfon is maintained with COX converted

from LUX in the heat exchanges.

I,

0

A

D

% 102%

f00

P ---

-

90 -

-

60 -

1

f

1

RP- 1

I

I

7 SN

b0-

I

- I

1

t3,400 lbr/min

40 -

I

a

- I

20 -

-

'

I

f5 To

"1340

I

0

I

-48 hr.

ib5,min

-

,9450

-5hr.

- RP-i

System

Star+ ~oadinq

RP- I

E

22 %

lbs/min

-4 hr.

I

LOX

-

System

4

Wart Leadinq

LOX

I

Replenish to 100%

-,

I

I

--

---11-11

I

I

I

Star3 Au+oma?ic

Sequence

A

I

I

I

I

I

E

I

1

1

I

I

I

I

I

I'

1

Iqnifion

I

A

;

I

4

Liffo#&

I I

I

E

1

1

1

I

1

1GHe Bubblilnq

I

E

I '

I Ground He

I

I

GO% Vent f

~elief~alvrsI

I

open - 67.5 psia

close - 64psia

60-62 psia

59.0 psia

19.3 cu.ft.

He

Spheres (23

fer RP-1 Tank

Pressurization

LOX below container bottom a*

Liftoff N 8,600 lbs.

GHe from GSE for --

inifiaf LOX Tank

RP-E

below container

bottom at

LiTtoff -5,700

Ibs.

produces GO2 for

Heat

Exchan er

/ u\H-l

Engine (8)

in+ light prrssuriza+ion

Total propellan+ at liftoff 095,500 Ibs. Total propellant cansumsd af+er lifSof$

- 883,200 Ibs.

S-TB STAGE THRUST VECTOR CONTROL SYSTEN

Each of the four outboard H-l engines is gimbal mounted en the stage thrust structure to provide engine thrust vectoring for vehicle attitude control and steering. Two hydraulic actuators are utilized to gimbal each

engine in response to signals from the Flight