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1.       !" ##$$% &' ()*+),-.-/ ,+) 0+12.34 567898:;76; <6=>8?=88 =@7A;B6 >6 9;:6
:? 76B;CDEF
N
a) J I H G R
t b
N
b) P O K N
L M 0,8 R
s

t1 b 2 t1

P O Q NN R S R
t b 2t
N S
d) P O T
0,8 R
t b
c)

s
t

2.

UVWXYZ [\]^W_YV_ `Za_Xb c_d e_ c_d `fe^c^X_Xb e_ \f\VWX [Wcfgf^VXfYh a^W i^jZYb

klmnonpqmlq rlstnusnn svmwqxl tl oqpl pu mlxqynqz


N } M
N
} 6 M 0,8 R
a)  ~
R ;
b) 

{
|
t b t b
t b 2t
t b2t
s

c)

6
6M
t 2 b2

 ~ } ~ 0,8 R ;
t b
N

d)

 N } 6 M R
t b 2t
t b 2t
s

s
t



V
a)  ~
R
t b
V
0,6 R
b)

t b 2t
V
R
c)

t b 2t
V
d)
0,6 R

3.

s
f

s
f

t2 b

   
                
4. Pentru 
a
 !    " ! #  ! !  $ %

N & s
a) ) s ( '
Rf
a b
N
b) /s . * + ,R
a b 2a
N
2 s
d) /s 4
0
1 Rf
2a b3 2a
N 2
d) 6 s 4
0,7 R
2 a 5b

9:;< =<>?:<;@A
>< <;? C 9 ; A@ AE: ;EA =< G;H>@I E
KLMNMOPOQ LP RKRQSO TSNKUKMQOKV WM XKVYZ
5. 78
8 B8 B
8 8D
8 8F
8o a, J
OZMQOKPVQ[ \MS XM]^
j
VZ_ `abcdcefbaf ga bahci aklm ia dfea en ba flcfp

a)

c)

w
} V
~

|2 w
t
z y u M / h r2 q s
{
v
s
Rf
2 a xb
2 a xb

V 2 M / h 2
0,7 R

a b
a b

b)

d)



V
M /h


R sf

2 a b - 2 a)
2a b-2a
2

M / h
V
0,7 R


a b-2a
a b - 2 a)

6.

V
M
2
b Rs ;
a)
f

a h

V M
0,7 R ;
2 a h b a h
V M
b R s ;
c) 2
f
a h -2a

V M s
d)
Rf
2 a h
b)

 
  

   
 
      
7.   

 
       



 #

         
          !  "
a) A ;

b) C ;

c) B ;

$"%" "& '

d) D.

 # )& !* $ $"&!"  & + ,&"- " $*  " # $"%""& + ,"&.* *"&8. (&

,/
!
&*- %&, $& &0 . $ *&"& #  1$ A  ,$ $ & . 2
3 42 5
4
8
7
M
7
M 8 7V 2 6
a)
R sf
s,y
s,z
s,z
5 42 5
4
8
7
M
7
M 8 7V 2 6
b)
Rs
s,y

s,z

s,z

7M 8 7M 8 7 V 6 0,7 R
s, y
s,z
s,z
5
42 5 42
8
8 7V 6 Rs
d) 7Ms,y 7Ms,z
s,z
f
c)

E F
EJ
E
EJ
OPQPRSRT OS
9. Pentru mbinarea suda9: ;< ;=>?=@AB C@9B>@CB D >=A9@CBG ?B H>=I B a D C<AH B K l s L MN
UNUVWR X WQNYNPVRNZ [P \NZ]T RTPVRNSZVL ^PW \P_`ZTL

YVZP\PQSZVS ZVaP MRVW]VP X Ub PW TZPP X W c`WQR`O A MV \SQV Q` ZVOS]PSd


M f d max g V
e s
a)
Rf ;
K
I sp
a f ls

m
j2 m
kM fz
h k V
f
M
y
g
max
max h g k
k
c) l
i l K
I
I
a l
sp

sp

j2
h e
h
i 0,7 R
s

m
j
k M f z h2
max h
b) kl
i
g
I
I

m
j2
kM fy
V hh e s
gk
max g
Rf
l g
i
I sy I sz a K l s
sy
sz
m
j
kM fz
f y h2 g V e s
M
g
max
max h
d) kl
gI
g I i aK l R f
I
I
sy

sz

sy

sz

  

          

                 

10. Pentru mbinarea cu suduri n relief, de grosime a

      !" #$% &$%' %" ()# *$ #$!

a)

M 0
z max
I sy

c)

M 3
z max
I sy

N
As

R sf ;

N 3
y max
I sy

R sf ;

b)

M
Wsy

d)

M
Wsy

ls

(" +'!" ! "','.

N
1
a

ls

N
Wsz

R sf ;

0,7 R

6 789:6;< =
76A6BCBD 7C ;@;<9B E9A@F@6<B@G 6
l s > ?@
5
5
H@GID CJ6C7D K<GK<9L6A87CG K< K7C987 E;M69DG66 6 H@GID BD6<B@CG< E9 K7C987 E;M69DG66 L69 H6:8GD
5
>

11. Pentru mbinarea cu suduri n relief, de grosime a

< HCA< A8 G<7CI6CP


F<G6H6ACG<C G<N6 B<9I<6 A8 DB8G67@G A< KG69L :G69LC L< BO7K E9 K89AB87
B?
?
?
?
2 V
2 T
2 V
2 T
V
V
a) QUMsB UNs R SU sV R R sf ;
b) WUMsB UNs X WU sV X R sf ;

c)

12.

sB

R sf ;

d)

UM V UN V U V 2 T
0,7 R
S sB
s
s R

Z[Z\Z[]^_ `]ab[
Y
- c de\]af[_ gc^]h]bfbi ^f jc[ki fl]f^i d a m^faZ^ de\]ai[]] mcb m[_^Zfn

a)
b)
c)
d)

13.

UM V UN V U V T

_j [bZ[]
c
|}~|
yz{
|}~|
yz{
|}~|
yz{

hf[_
|
y
|
y
|
y

b]a` gi m[ `Zhi f^Za_hf[_f [_^fb]oi p qrstsuvwx


c
| ~ | | }  ~ | ~} | ~ | 
|
}|

{
z{ zy
y
y
y
y
{ y
{ y zy y y y
y
y y y

~
}
}
~
~
}
}
~
~~
~
|
||
|
 |
|  |

{
y y y y
y
y

} | ~
|

{
y erea pieselor.

2
2
d
d
b
a) b
;
b) b 0 b ;

N cf

c) N cb

nf

Rf
4
min b , b ;
N cf N cp

N ci

d) N cpb

Ri
4

d t R bp
min

14.   



       
 
 

       

    

      


a) n  N cfb  N ;
b) n  N cpb  N ;

b) n  N cb  N ;
d) n  N cib  N

*
*
* *
15.  !"#$$ % &"# '"#&#( )' #%#$+ $ !'! %','# '  - $ !"#+##( .# /#0+(
be 1 he
2
3

2 3 2456748 9: ;474<47= 9=2 >5<=2?7:


n = nu56748 9: @A8A?2: 9: ;474<47= B: C:5=:@8=C6
1

D:7=E=@?7:? >5<=267== C: E?@:F


a) B:2G74 E=:@?7: ;474< 9=2 >5<=2?7:H
b) B:2G74 ;474<47=8: C=G4?G: >2 ?I? >5<=267==H
c) B:2G74 ;474<47=8: @:8: 5?= 9:B67G?G: 9: @:2G748 9: J7:4G?G: ?8 >5<=267== 9:
B: C:5=:@8=C6H
d) pentru toaG: ;474<47=8: 9: B: C:5=:@8=C6K
\
\
\ \
16. LMNOPQ RSTUNVPMV WQ XQPQTQPU YTUXNQUOMZ [Y UWUOVO] V SYSMNO RNWY^YU MOYP RN _ VNQ RSTUN]PUUZ `UN aUbQP]
be c he
2
3

N d NQS]PQ\ `M XQPQTQPU `UN RSTUNVPM


\
\
\
n d NQS]PQ `M WY YVNM `M XQPQTQPU _ M [MSU MW U []
1

o
l2
m rM q z
j
a) mn g 2 pmax 2 hkj
z
y

^MPUaUWVPMV WM\QU SVU [Y\UWUOVO XQPQT [M aVWM WQ PM\VeUVf


o
l2
o
l
m rM q y
j
mm M q z p M q y jj2 i
p m g max h j i N ;
max
max
b) n 2 p 2
N cb
cb
n
2 p 2 k
2 p 2 k

o
l2
m rM q y
j
c) mn g 2 pmax 2 hkj
z
y

o
l2
m
j
p m rMg q y max h j i min gN b , N b h
cf
cp
n
p k
z 2 y2

zi

yi

zi

yi

zi

yi

o
l o
l
m Mr
q z j2 p m M r
q y j2 i
max j
max j
m
d) mn
N cb
n
2 k
2 k
n1

zi

n1

zi

17.



 
  

      

          
  

      
be  he
2
3

   ! "#$ ! %! &!$!'$&


n   ! '(()! ! "#$ %! &!$!'$&
1

*!$+$')!) '!$ )$ &($'$,), "# &! +)'! ' !)-$).

a)

7
42 8 7
8 42
5 :M 9 z8
2 5 :M 9 y8
2
5 / max 0 2 5 / max 0 V 2 1 N ;
cb
6
6
3
2
2 3
2
2
n
zi

yi

zi

yi

7
42 8 7
8
42
5 :M 9 z8
2 5 :M 9 y8
2
V 2 1
b) 56 / 2 max 2 032 56 / 2 max 2 0
N cb
3
n 9n
yi

zi

zi

yi

7
42 8 7 42
5 M 9:
2 5V 2 1
z
5 2 N
c) 56 9 max2 32 6 3
cb
n1
n1
zi
7
42 8 7
8
42
5 M 9:
2 5 M 9:
2 1
z
y
V
max 2
max
5
5
2 N
d) 6 9
cb
6 9
3
2 3
2
n 9n
n1

zi

n1

yi

18. Pentru mbinarea cu n "#$ (#$"$,!; &($'$,), ) (!, <'(*($!,( %!%! $') %! %)

<#$$$; $ +$=; *!$+$')!) <#$$$ &! +)'! ' !)-$).

a)

M 9 ?max 1
>
N cb ;
n 9 ?i2

b)

M A ?max @ b
B
N ci ;
n1 A ?i2

c)

M A ?max C Dd 02 A b
B
Ri ;
4
n A ?i

d)

M A ?max @
B
N cb
n1 A ?i2

19. EFGFHIJFJKF GLMJFNJO F PNKI QRSIN OMI HP TPMPSPMI UK Q NFVJO MKWIXJKNYO GMKJKN XILNFJK KXJKZ
a) N SIRP \ n [ n F [ m [ f [ 0,8 A0 Rc ;
b) N SIRP = min ]N bcf , N bcp ^ ;
c) N SIRP = N cib

d) N SIRP \ n F [ m [ f [ N t

20. _PMPSPMIVK UK Q NFVJO MKWIXJKNYO GMKJKN XILNFJK JMFN XRIt eforturile prin:
a) forfecare;
b) GMKXIPNK GK GbKMKYII `OPMIIa
c) Q NJIN UKMK Q N JI Oa
d) cMKHFMKF XPGMFcKYKVLM GIKXKVLM Q N HLNJFHJd

21.

  
        
  
 
     
 


M
a) # ech "  max
I
y


M
c) # ech "  x
I
y

22.

2

h 

2

2

hi 

2


2
V
! 3  max   1,1 R
t h
i


M
d) # ech "  max
I


2
V
! 3  x   1,1 R
t h
i

2

hi 

2


2
! 3  Vmax   R
t i hi

B ech @ B 2 ? B l2 C BB l ? 3 A 2 > m R ;
? ?
d) B ech @ B 2 C B l2 BB l 3 A 2 > m R

b)

KL MJKNFLGJ KOPQLMR KL FGFPR QIFGRS TLUIL V WXYZ[\X]Z^ _` _\X_ [abcXX


D`EFGHFIJ
Y
_
\ a[f \Z_ \Zb_gXZh
a) Ai = At ;

25.


2
! 3  V x   1,1 R ;
t h

B ech @ B 2 ? B l ? 3 A 2 > R
?
c) B ech @ B 2 3 A 2 > m R ;

24.

2

h 

2

. /,-0(.), -123./4 -. ()(24 3+()45 %-0(1)%6, 7, /%'-()( -1)-,)6'%6, 3, 6%+3% /.3,'(1%'45 /,


$%
&'()*(+,
4
6
8,'(9(- ,)/(.)(+, ,-:(8%+,)6, +% )(8,+.+ +,&46.'(( ;)6', 6%+3% -123'(2%64 <( ()(24 -. ',+%0(%=

a)

23.


M
b) # ech "  x
I

b) Ai = 2 At ;

c) Ai << 2 At ;

At

X _ X_ XeXYXX A n
d \
i

d) Ai >> 2 At

\Z_ W[_kXbX[agXX b_ jb_Yk_l _ W[mbc`b`X YZ[_bX] ]` WZ]gX`eZ_ nXe jXo`\a WZ j_]Z `[XbXpmen ]fZjX]XZe[`b
iZ\XjX]_
Z
ZgZ r v wv x w yzv {|
b[
de zq
u u}
z s tu t u t
a)

 ~ lf
z

c)

 2 2
tr
z
z1

iz

b)
;

d)

 2
n
tr
z

A
;
Ad

z 2y 2z1


c) N /A ;
g
a) tr ;
y ; z ;

valorile

 




 
 


26.                          
T  l1
a) T p 
;
4c

T  l1
b) T p 
;
2c

T l
c) T p  1 1 ;
4c

T l
d) T p  1 1
2c


            
        
27.  
            


 

  

  

(
N & cz  M z  y 
$
!
a) )
R
A "" % ' 
Iz
#1 '
cr

5
N 3 c1z + M z + . y *
c) )
R
A ) // 2 4 ,,+
g 01
4 - Iz

b)

N 3 c z + M z + 5z *
1
.
1,1R
A // 2 4 ,,+
01 4 - I y
cr

5
N 3 Mz + y *
d) )
1,1R
A )g + I z

cr

KL
28. 6789:;7;< => ?>:>7@ A9 7;B8;CD :; E7F?8G; aD < >9;8 HB@=>I; :; ?FB8:<78J<7; :; 7<G>7< ? BH>B>8 ?; M;78C8=@
=> 7;B<I8<N

a)

6 M p 3 Tp *
0,7 R ;
a + h 2p a + h p

X
U2 X
U2
V 6M
S V
S
Tp
[
p
V
V
S
b) W O
P2 T W Z Q Y PTS R sf
Z
Y
a h p 2a
a h p 2a
R
c)
d)

6 M p [ Tp
R sf
2
Z
Z
a hp a h p R
6Mp
Tp
[

Q
a Z h p Y 2a

P2

Q
0,7 R
a Z h p Y 2a R