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IBM POWER Systems HMC and Firmware Webinar

February 24, 2011

Title: HMC and Firmware Management for POWER5/6/7

Allyn Walsh awalsh@us.ibm.com

2011 IBM Corporation

IBM ATS - Skills Transfer HMC and Power Systems firmware

Agenda
Introduction to Hardware Management Console Requirements and hardware review
Basic configuration and server connection options

Remote management options HMC LPAR Wizard overview Managing HMC Firmware
Three pieces of Power Systems Maintenance Managing HMC Updates and Upgrades HMC Back up and Recovery scenarios

Review enhancements in HMC V7R3


Highlights for V7R3.1 V7R3.5

Overview System Firmware Firmware Upgrade Policies


OS managed HMC Managed

Manage your server firmware


Options for obtaining code updates or upgrades

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What is the HMC


A user interface for POWER5/6/7 Server Management
External appliance with a locked Operating System Intel based platform - GUI console application Third party applications locked out Virtualization and hardware management Regular refreshes on the hardware technology 7310-C03/4/5/6 or 7042-C06/7/8 monitor & keyboard separate (desktop)

Includes console capability for IBM i (5250), AIX 5L and Linux Remote management of HMC functions
WebSM client remote GUI to HMC for V6.1.3 and all earlier versions Standard browser for remote GUI access to HMC V7.310 and above i5/OS 5250 console interface via Telnet client Secure shell (SSH) access to CLI command line interface

POWER6 requires HMC firmware level V7.310 or later POWER7 requires HMC firmware level V7.710 or later
V7.xxx is backward compatible with POWER5
Support statement: level SF240_299 or later for V7.3 or SF240_358 for V7.7

7310-CR2/3/4 or 7042-CR4/5/6 shown with 1U keyboard & flat panel (rack)

HMC Supports:
Max of 48 Servers, up to 254 partitions, (1024 partitions with V7.7) Max of 2 HMC's per server.
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Hardware Management Console - Model refreshes


(rack)

7310-C03
7316 Rack mounted display and keyboard

7310-CR2 7310-CR3 7042-CR4 7042-CR5 7042-CR6


Sep 17,2010

7310-C04
(desktop)

7310-C05 7042-C06 7310-C06 7042-C07 7042-C08

7310-CR4
POWER6 servers & new HMC orders will default to models 7042-Cxx preloaded with latest V7R3 code POWER7 servers & new HMC orders will default to models 7042-Cxx preloaded with latest V7R7. code

April 13,2010 HMC function is based on HMC Ver/Rel (not the HMC model) Any 7310-Cxx model can be upgraded to V7R3 (minimum HMC level required for POWER6) 7310-C03 can not be upgraded to V7R7 (V7R7 will install on CR2 and C04) Minimum HMC model for POWER7 management: 7310-CR3 or later model rackmount or 7310-C05 or later deskside
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Currently available HMCs 7042-CR5 & 7042-C08


Base configuration CR6 (9/17/2010) 2.53 GHz Intel Quad-core processor with 8 MB L2 cache 4 GB (2 x 2 GB) of 1333 MHz DDR3 system memory Integrated quad Gigabit Ethernet 250 GB SATA 3.5 inch HDD SATA CD/RW - DVD-RAM Base configuration C08 2.53 GHz Intel Quad-core processor with 8 MB L2 cache 4 GB (2 x 2 GB) DDR3 system memory Integrated Gigabit Ethernet 250 GB SATA 3.5-inch HDD SATA CD/RW - DVD-RAM

Minimum HMC levels: CR6 = V7R7.2, C08 = V7R7.1, Memory upgrades are available for HMCs: 7042-C06/C07, 7310-C06, 7042-CR4, and 7310-CR3/CR4. For any CR3, CR4, C06, or C07 models already installed in the field, 2 GB or 4 GB upgrades can be ordered via MES

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POWER Systems - Logical Partitioning


Power Systems virtualization management requires an HMC
Micro-processor partitioning Improves fault tolerance and lower partition management costs No primary partition (reduced hardware requirements) Power Systems support; IBM i, AIX, x86 and Power Linux PowerVM Advanced management features: Up to 1024 partitions on V7 HMC Provides automatic processor balancing with shared processor pools Per core license management with multiple shared processor pools Capped or uncapped processor partitions Dedicated processor assignment with optional Shared dedicated on POWER6/7 Advanced Memory sharing Advanced memory expansion Live Partition mobility Advanced concurrent maintenance actions
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Power Systems LPAR Layout


HMC connects to the server FSP. Each FSP has two Ethernet ports. Some servers have dual FSPs. To manage multiple servers or any server with dual FSPs, requires a customer supplied Ethernet switch or Hub to provide a one to multiple connection path.

IBM i TIMI

AIX

LINUX

VIOS

LIC
A | B

PFWRTAS

PFWRTAS

PFWRTAS

Power Hypervisor (PHYP) Private Network Flexible Service Processor (FSP)


HMC-0 HMC-1

Flash Memory Perm | Temp System Power Control Network (SPCN)

Rack Mount HMC

TIMI = Technology Independent Machine Interface LIC = System Licensed Internal Code PFW = Partition Firmware RTAS = Run-Time Abstraction Services
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LPAR on a Power5/6/7 System


VIOS
PFW

A | B

IBM LIC i

AIX 5L
PFW

Linux
PFW

HMC

Firmware Hypervisor

Non-Volatile RAM

FSP/ASMI

HMC-0 HMC-1

Processors Mem Regions I/O Slots

Ethernet

LPAR Allocation Tables

Perm | Temp

Server

A second HMC, or directly access ASMI from a browser


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Redundant HMCs - example two HMCs managing two servers each with redundant FSPs
HMC1
DHCP-SUBNET-1.1.1.1

HMC1 will manage 570-A and 570-B by attaching to HMC0-Port on both Service Processors of each 570 using subnet 1.1.1.x HMC2 will manage 570-A and 570-B by attaching to HMC1-Port on both Service Processors of each 570 using subnet 2.2.2.x NOTE: Dual HMCs must use different subnets for server management.
Switch
HMC0 HMC1

Internet

FSP

570-A

Intra-net Network
Switch

HMC0 HMC1

FSP

Enable a second (or even a third to isolate networks even further) Ethernet port on the HMC for open system network connectivity. This will potentially enable HMC to be accessed remotely, allow HMC to HMC communication, HMC to RMC (partition communication for Inventory Scout and DLPAR), enable HMC to access internet (i.e. Call Home, download maintenance updates).
HMC0

FSP

HMC2
DHCP-SUBNET-2.2.2.2

570-B

HMC1

HMC0 HMC1

FSP

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Redundant HMCs with remote control center


HMC1 will manage 570-A in LA attaching to HMC0-Port on each of the two Service processors HMC2 will manage 570-B in Dallas attaching to HMC0-Port on each of the two Service Processors By using static IP addressing, either HMC3 or HMC4 located in NYC (one or the other due to two HMCs per server MAX) can be used to connect and manage 570-A and/or 570-B connecting to HMC1-Port on each of the four Service Processors

NOTE: 575, 595 and 795 servers require DHCP services by the HMC
HMC3

Rochester
Private DHCP-SUBNET-1.1.1.1

HMC1

Switch
Static IP address 9.9.3.99 Static IP address 9.9.3.1
HMC1 HMC0

570-A
FSP

HMC0

Static IP address 9.9.3.2

FSP

HMC1

NYC
HMC4

Intra-net Network

HMC2

DALLAS
Private DHCP-SUBNET-2.2.2.2

Static IP address 9.9.3.88

Switch
HMC0

570-B
FSP

Static IP address 9.9.3.3


HMC1

HMC0

Static IP address 9.9.3.4

FSP

HMC1

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HMC (V7.x.x) Welcome panel Browser based interface


Task panel, expand functions and tasks

Navigation panel HMC functions grouped by category These HMC references are updated with each new version and provide a good foundation.

NOTE: Starting with HMC V7.3.3 the Call home remote support configuration is moved to a separate wizard under the Service Management category.
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Start with the POWER Systems Hardware Info center


http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/scope/hw/index.jsp
Configuration Checklist
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/scope/hw/index.jsp?topic=/arecq/arecqpreparehmc.htm

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Guided Setup Wizard

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HMC Electronic Service Agent: Connections options


Document - HMC Connectivity Security for IBM POWER5/6/7 Processor-Based Systems ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/common/ssi/sa/wh/n/psw03007usen/PSW03007USEN.PDF

Prior to V7.3.3.0, the Call-Home setup was included in the Guided setup wizard. Now a separate wizard.

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LPAR Creation Wizard

AIX, Linux and VIOS task summary looks very similar, however the wizard will enforce rules. For example, VIO can not be suspended, VIO not allowed as a client Virtual SCSI and AIX/Linux will not allow a server VSCSI

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Setting Processor + Memory (Min Max & desired)

IBM i has different configuration requirements

Min & Max setting determine the range (boundaries) allowed by DLPAR Desired Virtual Processor tell the OS the number of processors it can dispatch to and this is used to calculate potential processor usage. Multiple Shared pools can be used to managed license compliance. This can be assigned at LPAR creation, or dynamically at any time.

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Select IO resource: Desired = eligible to be switchable Required = partition must be able to allocate at activation

Consider using VSCSI for sharing resources such as tape or optical across any or all LPARs when on POWER6/7 using VIOS or IBM i 6.1 hosting the resource.

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Virtual SCSI to share tape or optical or virtual storage


Note: This would be configured on the server partition that owns the resource (VIOS or IBM i).

Can be configured in the partition profiles or completely dynamic using DLPAR Note: Specific to IBM i - Client adapter will must be flagged as REQUIRED if VSCSI is used to provide access to virtual disk where the load source will reside. If the client virtual SCSI will only be used for access to Virtual Optical, NOT flagging this adapter as required will allow the partition to activate even if the server side partition is not available.
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Manage your optical resources using VIOS

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IBM i hosting partition multiple optical drives supported

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The 3 Pieces of Power Systems Maintenance


Partition Maintenance
IBM i, AIX, Linux

Server Firmware

i5 Managed System

Power Hypervisor Flexible Service Processor (FSP) Power Code (BPC)

HMC
Updates and Upgrades

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Manage multiple servers POWER5/6/7 from V7.7.1

Summary view of HMC firmware level, serial number and BIOS

View and Manage maintenance for HMC and server firmware


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Multiple Firmware code levels. Notice: 3 identifiers All POWER5 would show as 01SF240
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Old HMC Home page now redirects to Fix Central


https://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmc/home.html

http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/main

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Fix Central Wizard cont.


This is the new source for all your critical and helpful links

In this example, assume my HMC is currently on V7R3.4.0M0 My goal is to get this HMC to the most current level, which is V7.7.1 sp2 The wizard will show me what is needed to get from Point A to the target level.
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Select the HMC target level view compatibility

Check compatibility

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Moving to V7.7.2 from V7.7.1


note changes in P7 support

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The readme provides extensive details + links

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POWER code matrix


http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/power5cm/power6.html

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Instructions - upgrade to HMC V7.710 from older releases


http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power7/v7.Upgradenotes.html If your target is to get to HMC 7.350 Std upgrade support is N-2

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Upgrade procedure using DVD media


http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power6/install/v7.Recover_Upgradep6.html

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Network install download images and instructions


http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power6/install/v7.Recover_Upgradep6.html

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Network install or Upgrade


http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/netinstall/home.html

Instructions for network install


Notes: If your HMC is currently running HMC 6.1.3, you can perform a remote upgrade to HMC 7.3.4.0, 7.3.5.0, 7.7.1.0 or 7.7.2.0 by first applying PTF MH01127 to HMC 6.1.3, and then using the appropriate network images. Without this efix upgrading from HMC 6.1.3 to HMC 7.3.3.0 or later is a two-step process. You must first upgrade to HMC 7.3.2.0 (or HMC 7.3.1.0), and then upgrade to HMC 7.3.3.0 Follow these basic steps. 1. Download the appropriate HMC V7 network images and put them on an FTP server. 2. Verify that the following files have been downloaded: initrd.gz, bzImage, disk1.img, disk2.img, and disk3.img 3. On the HMC, you must first save upgrade data by running the following commands: (or this can be done from the GUI immediately before starting this process): To save data to both DVD and disk: mount /media/cdrom saveupgdata -r diskdvd To save to disk alone: saveupgdata -r disk Next, run the command: getupgfiles -h <host name> -u <user ID> [--passwd <password>] -d <remote directory> [-s] to copy the files over to the bootable disk partition on the HMC. After the files are copied over, run the following command: chhmc -c altdiskboot -s enable --mode upgrade Now the HMC is ready to be rebooted and automatically upgraded with the code copied to the bootable disk partition. Finally, issue the command hmcshutdown -r -t now to reboot the HMC and start the upgrade. 33
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Sign up for notification on critical topics


https://www.ibm.com/systems/support/myview/subscription/css.wss/folders?methodName=listMyFolders

Example Notification

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Back Up HMC Data


What gets Backed Up Where can the Back Up be Saved Performing a Back Up Restoring Critical Data
Those files with a timestamp later than the trigger file are candidates for backup. The data that is backed up can be divided into 2 categories HMC specific
User Profiles Roles and Tasks Network Configuration Applied Corrective Service Updates

In general, Backup HMC Data archives: Code Changes to the HMC Application(s) since the last install or recovery upgrade HMC unique configuration changes since the last install or recovery upgrade
User Profiles Network Configuration Service Data Etc. Managed Systems Partition Profiles Etc.

Platform specific information since the last install

HMC operating system


Service packs, eFixes OS Security update Info center

HMC operating system updates applied since the last install

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Save Critical Console Data renamed Save HMC data in V7 vs. Save Upgrade data
CCD is not a bootable save of the HMC In a recovery scenario you need:
BOOT from the HMC Recovery DVD that was used with the install or the last upgrade PLUS Restore the Save CCD data. DVD-RAM (RAM is the only DVD media supported for write operations) USB flash drive FTP server NFS server

Options to Save to:


Save Upgrade data is NOT the same as CCD Use this option only IMMEDIATELY before an HMC Upgrade (booting from Recovery Media) Saves only user modified System configuration, User Profile & Security info, Service information

Two methods of HMC software Release Upgrades Update via corrective service Update.zip or Update.ISO files Upgrade with new release Recovery CDs (V5R1 and later uses DVD media) For example upgrading from V7.310 to V7.330 or directly to V7.350 Size matters could be +2GB saves when the Update option is used Save performance is improved when upgrading using Recovery media vs
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Why CCD backup can take a while


Two methods of HMC software Release Upgrades Update via corrective service Update.zip or Update.iso files Upgrade with new release Recovery DVDs in Network Install Images For example upgrading from V7R3 to V7R7 Size matters could be +1GB Save performance is improved = V7R7 SP3
HMC Recovery DVD set V7.3.4 User data

Critical Console Data Backup

A
HMC Recovery DVD set V7R3.1

Data saved in backup

HMC Update packages V7.3.2, V7.3.3 then V7.3.4

User data

Data saved in backup

What would be my recovery if I installed


my HMC with V7R3 and then updated my HMC from V7R3.3 to V7R3.4 using the MH01109 update media, then applied MH01163 (sp1) followed by MH01162 (sp2) and finally MH01186 (sp3) and perform a Save HMC Data at this point???

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HMC Management panel

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Example backup V7.720 (upgraded) from 7.710

I missed getting the time capture, something greater that 15 minutes, but less than 30 minutes

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Customize User Management Tasks and Roles


Enhanced Password policies allow for Policies to be applied system wide. Administrator specified password requirements. Replication of password policies to other slave HMCs

CLI only lspwdpolicy mkpwdpolicy rmpwdpolicy chpwdpolicy

See man pages for documentation

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First - Create Managed Resource and task roles


After creating the Resource and task roles, create a user profile restricted to these roles. Limit resource access and tasks to a specific subset

Limit resource access to a single server (ATS_750) and two partitions on that server.

Limit Task access to console management on 1 server and two partitions.

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Assign roles to a user ID

In this example, user ID Console has very limited authority. It is NOT allowed to sign on to the HMC GUI, but can sign on through the 5250 emulation and start or join a console session for one IBM i partition.

This enables or prevents GUI access to the HMC

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View and manage signed on users active tasks

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to get deails

HMC V7 provides an improved partition overview


The server partition view shows much more detail upfront versus earlier HMC versions

Next we will look at server properties review server resources, where are they CURRENTLY assigned. What functions is this server capable of. Then we wil look at Attention indicators or Serviceable Events.
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Server Properties shows current resource assignments


If you use DLPAR to move, add or remove resource, i.e. memory, processor units or IO slots, this is where you will find current assignments.

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Server Properties continued


Server CAPABILITIES is set by the Virtualization Engine Technology (VET) code. PowerVM edition will affect the features that are enabled

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Capacity On Demand - panels

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HMC R7V3.1.0 Web UI, Browser Support


Remote access disabled by default Task to enable/disable remote access User Profiles task to enable for specific users Security Certificate based SSL security for encrypted communications Certificate Management task Browser Compatibility Linux Windows 1.5.x + 1.5.x + 6.x + 16 logical ports allowed per port group: MCS = 1 8 logical ports allowed per port group: MCS = 2 4 logical ports allowed per port group: MCS = 4 2 logical ports allowed per port group: MCS = 8 1 logical ports allowed per port group: MCS = 16 Several variations of physical, external ports
Dual 1 Gbit copper, supporting 10BASE-T, 100BASE-T, 1000BASE-T Quad 1 Gbit copper , supporting 10BASE-T, 100BASE-T, 1000BASE-T Dual 10 Gbit fiber, supporting 10GBASE-SR or 10GBASE-LR Up to 32 logical ports, but can also be configured as 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 logical ports Controlled by parameter called Multi-Core Scaling Value (MCS) 2011 IBM Corporation

Mozilla Firefox Microsoft IE

Integrated Virtual Ethernet (aka HEA)


Whats in a Name
Integrated Virtual Ethernet (IVE) External name in marketing & other documentation Host Ethernet Adapter (HEA) Name used on user interfaces

Integrated on most POWER6/7 systems (all but the POWER6 595 & POWER7 795) Provides accelerated Ethernet connectivity
Essentially, a system with HEA has several integrated Ethernet adapters, called logical ports. Can be assigned to one or more partitions.

Logical Ports

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At one IVE per system enclosure

IBM ATS - Skills Transfer HMC and Power Systems firmware

HMC V7 is required to configure the HEA adapter

Assign at partition creation, modify partition profile and activate partition from the HMC, or simply DLPAR (Add) logical port

To change the MCS value requires a full server IPL to activate change.

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HMC V7R3.1.0 Shared Dedicated Capacity - before


200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 0.5 Uncapped 2 0.5 Uncapped 1 Wasted Dedicated 1-way Dedicated
Consider a 2-way server with 1-way dedicated partition with variable workload (between 0% and 100%). Add two evenly weighted 1-way uncapped partitions that are CPU bound. Each uncapped partition will share the remaining physical processor even though each can consume an entire processor.

The excess capacity on the dedicated processor is wasted.

After enabling Shared Dedicated


200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0
With the new support, dedicated partitions with unused cycles will donate those unused cycles to the uncapped partitions.
Donated cycles do not increased a (shared processor) partitions entitled capacity.

0.5 Uncapped 2 0.5 Uncapped 1 Wasted Dedicated 1-way Dedicated

The uncapped partitions will share all the available cycles:


They consume an entire processor if available (when dedicated at 0%) and Split a processor when the dedicated processor is fully utilized.

The total processor capacity in the system is better utilized. Dedicated proc LPs still maintain their perf characteristics and predictability 2011 IBM Corporation

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HMC R7V3.1.0 HMC Management Enhancements


New monhmc command Can gather disk space usage and system memory usage Some specific processes on the HMC are monitored Clickable SRCs The new browser-based interface allows a user to click on an SRC or Progress Code and popup a description of the SRC. Data replication This is an application from System z HMC that allows customer call-home configuration to be replicated between HMCs 3rd party certificates A customer can now install their own 3rd party certificates to use with remote connections to the HMC. Selectable VPN Allow choice of IP interface to use for the VPN connection back to IBM.

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Enhancements functions added with V7R3.2.0


Server Management
Redundant Service Processor for Power 570 Enabled at firmware EM320 Requires HMC V7R3.2 Discovery / Inventory of I/O Devices (aka Hardware Discovery) Enhanced System Plan Tool integration
Uses Hardware Discovery OS round-tripping (HMC generated sysplan can be exported/imported with SPT)

Energy Scale (Active Energy) Support Scheduled Operations for Utility Capacity on Demand

Virtualization Management
Partition Mobility (between servers managed by same HMC) Multiple Shared Processor Pool Support

HMC Management
User Authentication via Kerberos Enhanced HMC Monitoring Ongoing HMC Performance Improvements

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HMC V7R3.2.0 Hardware Discovery Overview


320 level system firmware (or newer)
Functional improvements:
Provides capability to collect I/O device information before partitions and OSs are configured or booted to make configuration easier. Provides HMC users more detailed view of slot contents especially child devices. Can view storage device information (whats on the SCSI bus). Can view Ethernet MAC addresses and FibreChannel WWNs via HMC. Can even be done before partitions are configured. Provides more detailed inventory to System Plan Tool to verify system configuration and validate customer orders.

Hardware Discovery CLI


lssyscfg r sys displays new cec capability for IOR, hardware_discovery_capable chsysstate r sys includes new option onhwdisc lssyscfg r lpar displays new lpar definition state for IOR in the lpar_env and lpar_type attribute. lssyscfg r lpar displays new VSP definition state for IOR in the state attribute lssyscfg r prof displays new lpar definition state for IOR in the lpar_env attribute lshwres r io -rsubtype includes new type slotchildren to list IOR slot information

Hardware Discovery can be performed three ways


1. 2. Initial Power On (after system leaves IBM): Hardware Discovery performed automatically.
Only when system is in non-partitioned mode and IO data hasnt already been collected. I/O data collected for both assign and unassigned I/O.

New Power On Hardware Discovery option.

Existing LPs booted into Hardware Discovery; later returned to (bootable) state. Special LP used to collect I/O data for unassigned I/O.

System left in Operating state (no auto-boot of partitions).

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Initiated by Create System Plans tool.


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RMC set up requirements


System Plans provide more detail when RMC is enabled/configured
Requirements for inventory gathering on the HMC
http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/powersys/v3r1m5/index.jsp?topic=/p7hc6/iphc6invscoutreqs.htm

VIOS, IBM i, and AIX (IBM offerings) do RMC by default Power Linux (SLES, RHEL) need additional RPM
https://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/lopdiags/installtools/home.html

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HMC V7R3.2.0 HW Discovery, New Power On option

At platform Power On

User initiated Hardware Discovery from the HMC. System Powers On and collects IOR data utilizing service partition. System left in Operating state upon completion. Partition auto-boot settings not enforced on this type of power on (are persisted for future).

When to use this option: After repair and verify. After attaching new expansion unit. After firmware upgrade.

Checkbox appears with managed systems that are Hardware Discovery Capable

Or on a running system
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Hardware Discovery partition at platform power on

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View HMC generated System plan from the HMC

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System plan from the HMC with

device level information

Slot level (PCI) card assignments

HMC Generated System Plan at V7.330, on POWER6 can see more of the device level details. This example shows Disk details

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Export System from HMC (export / import for SPT)

Click on plan name

The System Planning Tool (SPT) is free, it runs on a stand-alone workstation and enables the user to design a new system. Select the Machine Type and Model, processors, memory and IO hardware, and design the partitions. This can be sent to IBM order processing and manufacturing can build to the plan specifications. The SPT output can also be imported by the HMC and the DEPLOY option can automatically create the partitions. Download from:

http://www-304.ibm.com/systems/support/tools/systemplanningtool/ 59
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Download the latest SPT Subscribe for update notification


http://www-947.ibm.com/systems/support/tools/systemplanningtool/download.shtml

Get email notification

Online user manual


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Open an HMC generated System Plan using SPT

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Convert the HMC generated System Plan for SPT


New reporting section that identifies hardware that will not migrate to POWER7

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More on HMC V7R3.2.0 Energy Scale Capabilities


HMC / ASM provides a small subset of the EnergyScale features.
Enable / Disable of Power Saver Mode Schedule Operation for Power Saver Mode Pass through channel for PowerExecutive / Director

With power saver capable systems, users can enter static power save through the power saver mode configuration task

PowerExecutive / Director provides the complete set of EnergyScale functions.


PowerExecutive was originally a power management plugin for System x. It is now the official management console for EngeryScale feature

With power saver mode enable, the processing utilization reporting might not be accurate if the OS does not have the proper support.

Commands for power saver mode: chpwrmgmt and lspwrmgmt

HMC displays 2 capabilities for power saver mode:


Firmware power saver capable Whether the firmware running on the server is capable for power saver mode Hardware power saver capable Whether the hardware supports the power saver mode.

Scheduled Operation for Power Saver Mode

HMC User Interfaces:


GUI (Managed system properties panel) and Command line (lssyscfg -r sys)

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HMC V7R3.2.0 Multiple Shared Processor Pools


Terminology
Active Dedicated Processor LP1

VSPP Pool 0 (default pool)


Dedicated Processor LP2

VSPP Pool 1

VSPP Pool 2

Physical Shared Processor Pool


One Physical Shared Processor Pool (PSPP) Spans all VSPPs Comprised of all of licensed CPUs that are
Not assigned to an active dedicated processor partition Assigned to active dedicated processor partition that is capable of donation Assigned to inactive dedicated processor LPs and system administrator has chosen to make CPUs available for shared processor work when the LP is powered off

VSPP Capacity
Maximum Pool Capacity

Maximum CPU cycles that can be consumed by the partitions in a VSPP (whole number of proc units). Additional capacity assigned to a virtual pool for the purpose of reserving uncapped cycles for the VSPPs use. Must be less than Maximum Pool Capacity. Cannot be stolen by the HMC during partition activation. The units are processor units and for HMC users the granularity is 0.01 processor units. A computed quantity not user specified. This is the number of CPU cycles guaranteed to be available to the set of partitions in the virtual pool. It is equal to the sum of the entitled capacities of the partitions in the VSPP (pending processor units of the active and inactive partitions) plus the Reserved Pool Capacity for the VSPP. Must always be Equal to or smaller than Maximum Pool Capacity. The units and granularity are the same as Reserved Pool Capacity.

Reserved Pool Capacity

Entitled Pool Capacity

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Configure Shared Processor Pools (16-way 570)

My goal is to limit my license compliance at 3 processors for my five IBM i partitions (even though they = 5 virtual processors

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HMC V7R3.3.0 User Data Replication


Data Replication only available via GUI (no CLI) Only hmcsuperadmin users allow to configure data replication Enable Data Replication Data which can be replicated

Customer information data Administrator, System, Account information Group data All user-defined group definitions. Modem configuration data Configure modem for remote support. Outbound connectivity data User Profile data Kerberos, LDAP configuration data

Select Replication Source


HMC Management => Manage Data Replication

Select Replication Data Types Synchronize the replicated data Save the configuration

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HMC V7.3.4 required - Active Memory Sharing


Minimum Requirements

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HMC V7R3.4.0 Active Memory Sharing (AMS)


PowerVM Virtualization Active Memory Sharing http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redpapers/pdfs/redp4470.pdf

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HMC V7R3.5.0 NPIV support

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HMC V7R3.5.0 NPIV support - more


Redbook - IBM PowerVM Virtualization Managing and Monitoring
http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redbooks/pdfs/sg247590.pdf

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POWER5/6/7 Firmware Components


Service Processor - SP
Closed OS Linux based, i/p convergence Provides diagnostics, initialization, configuration,
AIX Linux i5/OS I/O PFW PFW PHYP Processor Subsystem
LIC/TIMI

run-time error detection & correction

Power Hypervisor - PHYP


Based on iSeries (SLIC) hypervisor, enhanced for converged i/p design Provides VLAN, virtual I/O, sub-processor partitioning,

Partition Firmware - PFW


Rewritten to work with PHYP
HMC SFP

(OF/RTAS)

Supports pSeries RPA interface


Service Processor Firmware SPCN SP Hardware BPC Firmware Bulk Power

Hardware Management Console - HMC / Serviceability


Provides converged platform configuration, management, and service user interface

System Power Control Network - SPCN


Interfaces with bulk power for power monitoring and control Bulk Power Controller (BPC) Firmware Controls each bulk power assembly (BPA) in CEC and towers. Currently unique to the 595, 590 and p575 systems

Firmware Components

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Why change firmware or upgrade to new level?


New systems will ship with current level of firmware (at time of manufacture)
HMC is a firmware component and must be at compatible level Ongoing corrections and enhancements (routine maintenance)

Software and service support


For example POWER5 only remaining supported level is eFW240 = (SF240_xxx)

Upgrades moving from POWER5 to POWER6 or POWER7


LPAR migration may require a minimum firmware level on POWER5 Mix of POWER5 and POWER6 management under a single HMC
HMC compatibility (HMC V7R3 required for POWER6 / HMC V7R7 required for POWER7) Minimum POWER5 firmware level SF240_299 required for V7R3 HMC compatibility, SF240_382 for V7R7

New hardware may require firmware enablement


Example, April 2009 introduced new high performance solid state disk
Requires POWER6 Requires firmware level eFW340 at specific Service Pack (SP) level

How will you know if new changes are required?


Work with your Business Partner / IBM team Identify feature codes / MTM for new hardware Review PreReq / CoReq database to identify minimum Firmware, OS and HMC requirements:

https://www-912.ibm.com/e_dir/eServerPrereq.nsf

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CoReq PreReq details example IBM i FC SSD


https://www-912.ibm.com/e_dir/eServerPrereq.nsf

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Understanding how POWER firmware is delivered


OS Managed maintenance, including upgrades
Packaged for i5/OS in PTF format using MHxxxxx PTF identifiers.

HMC Managed, maintenance is delivered as Service Packs. i.e. 01SF240_299_201 where 299 = concurrent Service pack and 201 is last disruptive level POWER6 follows a similar format: Unique code streams for POWER6 by platform MTM: EL3xx Power Systems 520 & 550 EM3xx Power Systems 560 & 570 EH3xx Power Systems 595 ES3xx Power Systems 575 EA3xx Power Blades First code stream to support Power Systems POWER7 GA in Feb 2010 01AL710_099_043 (750 & 755) 01AL720_082_066 (710 740) 01AM720_084_064 (770 & 780) 01AH720_082_064 & AB720_079_064 (795)

Updates and upgrade packages use the same packaging format: Format for Firmware Version/Release/maintenance level:
PPNNSSS_FFF_DDD and will have a corresponding MHxxxxx marker PTF: PP = package identifier; 01 = managed system and 02 = power subsystem. NN = machine type model group; SF = POWER5 (5+) system firmware and BP = POWER5 bulk power. SSS = VRM indicator, i.e.., a code level (e.g., 240) FFF = fixpack number for current fixpack level DDD = fixpack number for the last disruptive fixpack level

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System Firmware Upgrade methods


Two options for applying firmware maintenance
OS managed In Band
Not an option when HMC is required POWER5: 590, 595 or 570 with Dual FSP POWER6 HMC is required on 560, 570, 575 and 595 POWER7 HMC is required on 770, 780 and 795

HMC managed Out of Band


This is the default for managing system firmware when HMC is attached

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Viewing existing firmware levels


http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/iseries/v6r1m0/index.jsp?topic=/rzahc/rzahcverifyingfirmwarerequirements.htm

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Firmware Updates and Upgrades via HMC


Download directly from Service website and Install, download install images and burn to CD media or order media, then use media on HMC as installation source. Download to a FTP server accessible from the HMC

IBM i VIOS AIX

Linux

Intranet or Internet

HMC

Private Network

OR Public Network 01AL720_082_066

Firmware-PHYP
Perm | Temp

Out of band Update **** default with HMC


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Types of Fixpacks
Updating firmware involves two steps: Apply the firmware (update what is in flash) Activate the firmware (cause the new firmware to be running in memory on the system)

Not all fixpacks can be activated concurrently Concurrent Apply and activate with partitions running Deferred Concurrent apply but contains fixes which affect IPL path which are not activated until next IPL The portions of the fixpack which can be activated concurrently are activated as described above Disruptive Platform is IPL required to activate None of the fixpack contents are activated until next IPL

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Checking installed firmware from HMC V7.310 or later

Note the Updates panel automatically shows firmware level for each managed server. Also, note that a single HMC can manage both POWER5 and POWER6

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HMC V7R3 Update example using Advance Features

Advance features provides several options.


Retrieve allows download & store on the HMC hard drive or on DVD for future use. Install & Activate will update the server in a two-step process, store on HMC & update the server firmware Remove & Activate - Switches from temp copy and activates perm copy from flash memory on the FSP Accept Make the Perm copy the same as the Temp copy Remove Fix deleted Temp copy and makes Perm & Temp the same on FSP Disruptive Activate - Forces a FSP reboot This might be used if the SP is concurrent but includes deferred fixes that are needed right away. 80
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After retrieve view firmware level on HMC hard drive

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Or - Select a specific level Retrieve & Activate

NOTE: a copy of the firmware is ALWAYS written to the hard drive first.

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Down load and apply the selected service pack

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After retrieve and update verify new SP level

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Apply newer SP if previous has deferred updates pending?

Yes, you can apply another concurrent SP even with deferred updates pending. Or, what if you need to remove the 95 SP from TEMP. NOTE: Permanent (Accepted level) is still at 75. This can also be done concurrently.
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Remove SP 095 back to 075 view to confirm

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Upgrade procedure is nearly identical

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Fix Central review


http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/main/

The current strategy that IBM has implemented is to redirect most maintenance activities from the web, relating to POWER6/7, directly to Fix Central This approach uses a Wizard to help determine maintenance targets and compatibility considerations.

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Power Systems Recommended Firmware


http://www-912.ibm.com/s_dir/slkbase.nsf/ibmscdirect/E58D7BBF0EAC9A2786256EAD005F54D8

Wizard to help determine compatible HMC & Firmware levels

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Maintained by the Support Center team

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Informational website
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/wikis/display/WikiPtype/Home

https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/wikis/display/WikiPtype/Home

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The End Thank You !

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For more information


http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/scope/hw/index.jsp

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New wiki for key links to the most current information


IBM i wikis
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/wikis/display/WikiPtype/IBM+i

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Support for HMC on POWER Systems - References


Fix central for download hmc, server firmware PTFs etc: http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral New HMC HOME page http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/home.html

HMC / Firmware Supported Combinations


http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/firmware/supportedCombinations HMC Version 7 Installation and Configuration Guide for the Hardware Management Console http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/systems/scope/hw/index.jsp?topic=/iphai/iphai_parent.htm HMC Version 7 Cumulative PTF History and Readme http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power6/install/v734.Readme.html Includes PTF-specific information, including verification information for package downloads and installation. Also includes general information on HMC Version 7 fixes, enhancements, known issues and education. Hardware Management Console V7 Handbook http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redbooks/pdfs/sg247491.pdf HMC V7 R3.4.0 Command line specification http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power6/related/hmc_man_7.3.4.pdf IBM service strategy and best practices http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/best/home.html Various white papers on best practices, including HMC. HMC function and hardware prerequisites for HMC Version 7 http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmcl/power6/related/hmcprereqs.pdf Lists the supported functions, servers, and HMC hardware for each Code Level for HMC for IBM Systems with POWER6 processors. IBM System Planning Tool http://www-947.ibm.com/systems/support/tools/systemplanningtool/ The IBM System Planning Tool (SPT) is the next generation of the IBM LPAR Validation Tool (LVT). It contains all of the function from the LVT and is integrated with the IBM Systems Workload Estimator (WLE). System plans generated by the SPT can be deployed on the system by the Hardware Management Console (HMC). 95
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Additional Reference Material

Server firmware Fixes - starting page http://www-912.ibm.com/supporthome.nsf/document/34252843 Server firmware download http://www912.ibm.com/s_dir/slkbase.nsf/c32447c09fb9a1f186256a6c00504227/604992740f846a49862 56fd3006029b5?OpenDocument Download system firmware for IBM System p5, eServer p5, eServer pSeries, eServer http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/firmware/gjsn Hardware Management Console Support for i5, p5 and OpenPower http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmc/home.html HMC Function and Hardware Prerequisites - summary table http://techsupport.services.ibm.com/server/hmc/power5/tips/hmcprereqs.pdf InfoCenter Topics on Server Firmware Management http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/info/ipha5/fixesserverfirmware. htm

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Information Centers, Redbooks and more


The POWER Systems Hardware Info Center http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/eserver/v1r2s/en_US/index.htm HMC Best Practices https://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/best/hmc_best_practices.pdf iTC class room education http://www-03.ibm.com/servers/eserver/iseries/service/itc/educ.html LPAR Redbook http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redbooks.nsf/RedpieceAbstracts/sg248000.ht ml?Open

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Support Web Sites for HMC and Firmware


IBM iSeries Hardware Management Console Frequently Asked Questions http://www-1.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=nas148859a914db132a586256f42006003a7&rs=110 HMC - Support for UNIX servers and Midrange servers http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmc/home.html iSeries Recommended Fixes - Server Firmware: Update Policy Set to Operating System http://www912.ibm.com/s_dir/slkbase.nsf/c32447c09fb9a1f186256a6c00504227/604992740f846a4986256fd30060 29b5?OpenDocument iSeries Recommended Fixes - Server Firmware: Update Policy Set to HMC http://www-912.ibm.com/s_dir/slkbase.nsf/ibmscdirect/E58D7BBF0EAC9A2786256EAD005F54D8

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IBM Corporation 1994-2009. All rights reserved. References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country. The following terms are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both:

Trademarks and Disclaimers


AIX AIX/L AIX 5L AIX 5L (logo) AS/400 AS/400e DB2 DB2 Universal DB2 OLAP Server DataPropagator Domino e business(logo) e(logo)business e(logo)server eServer Enterprise Storage Server Hipersockets IBM IBM Virtualization Engine IBM(logo) iSeries Lotus MQSeries Notes OS/400 POWER POWER4 POWER5 Power Architecture Power Everywhere POWER Hypervisor POWER6 pSeries Quickplace Rational RS/6000 S/390 ThinkPad Tivoli TotalStorage WebSphere xSeries z/OS zSeries 400 i5/OS

Lotus, Freelance Graphics, and Word Pro are registered trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM Corporation. Domino is a trademark of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM Corporation. C-bus is a trademark of Corollary, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both. Java and all Java-based trademarks are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. ActionMedia, LANDesk, MMX, Pentium and ProShare are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. SET and the SET Logo are trademarks owned by SET Secure Electronic Transaction LLC. Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind. All customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer. Information in this presentation concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and does not constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information, including vendor announcements and vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller for the full text of the specific Statement of Direction. Some information in this presentation addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance, function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented here to communicate IBM's current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers' future planning. Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvements equivalent to the ratios stated here. Photographs shown are of engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models.

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