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I am very pleased to introduce you to the study of Aikido.

It is my hope that this student handbook will be a valuable guide in helping you to understanding Aikido, our methods and philosophies. Once you begin training as a student, dont feel that you have to memorize all the information in this handbook. It is here to help you, just in case you have questions or are in need of handy reference material. If you have any questions about what you are doing, seeing or feeling as you enter into practice with us, ask. Ask the advanced students, or ask the instructor. Asking questions is vital in helping you to understand what you are practicing. Respectfully, Brian Perkins Sensei *Shinjin (True Heart, True Mind) Aikido Dojo is an independent dojo and as such is not under the political thumb of any other Aikido schools (dojos) or martial arts organization(s). Politics have no place in this dojo and will not be allowed to interfere with time that should be spent training. Any affiliations with any other martial arts clubs, schools and organizations, or associations are based solely upon the decision of Perkins Sensei.

WHAT IS AIKIDO? Aikido is deeply rooted in the samurai warrior tradition and incorporates concepts from the Yagyu school of swordsmanship. It is also based upon the founders nearly 20 year study of Daito-Ryu jujutsu which was gentled and transformed by his deeply religious convictions and his belief in the celebration of life, creation, and loving protection of others. Its circular movements are used to redirect aggressive and offensive attacks back to the assailant. The intent of Aikido is to subdue and control rather than damage or destroy the attacker. Aikido did away with the maiming and crippling techniques of the older Japanese martial arts and replaced them with techniques of control and compassion. It is, for example, one of the only martial arts recommended to parents of abusive children. Aikido is a relatively new martial art, dating from the 1920's when it's founder, Morihei Ueshiba (O-Sensei), began to develop what he would eventually call "Aikido". Aikido can mean "the way (do) to harmony (ai) with

ki. Ueshiba's talents in swordsmanship and Daito-Ryu jujutsu can be clearly seen within each Aikido technique. In 1924 he had an altercation with a Japanese naval officer in which the officer repeatedly tried to strike him with a bokken (wooden sword). Ueshiba was able to ascertain the intent of the strike just before it occurred, and simply evaded the attacks without causing any injury to the officer. Immediately afterwards, he said "I was enlightened the source of martial arts is God's love...the loving protection of all beings". He'd found that he could not bring himself to physically harm his opponent, even after all of the training he'd had. Thereafter, to teach his concept of "harmony", he developed his Aikido by softening the original martial arts he had mastered which were designed to kill or injure. In Aikido, the goals are to either throw the person away or pin the person to the ground. Aikido is not a substitute for Christianity or other religions, but it does maintain the high ethical standards of religion. Aikido techniques are very powerful and effective. Aikido holds can be extremely painful, but they are not designed to cause great injury. Throws to the ground can be hard or soft, depending on the severity of the attack and who the attacker happens to be. Most aikido schools (some may say styles) have no competition or tournaments. Techniques are practiced in cooperation with one or more partners. At this school we try to maintain this attitude while keeping the training realistic. Aikido is a great martial art for women, children and the elderly. In aikido size and strength are not an issue. Aikido uses the attackers own weight, inertia, strength, and energy in such a way that smaller persons actually have an advantage. It may seem impossible but it is very real. OUR PHLOSOPHY It is often gratifying to think that an attacker deserves anything you can dish out. From both the legal and practical standpoints this is untrue. Legally, you are limited to a type and degree of defense appropriate to the incoming attack, to do what is necessary to control the situation and keep yourself and your loved ones safe. Practically, you are more likely to face assault from someone you care for, such as a drunken friend, than from a malevolent stranger. Aikido skills allow you to deal with either one, but you must practice for that contingency. Aikido attitudes are practical self-defense against ending up in jail yourself for assault or murder. Regardless of the attackers identity, do what is needed to control the situation and protect all those concerned. No more, no less. "Defend yourself without vengeance; harmonize with any attack of any description". We learn and apply the skills that we use in training in our daily lives. The benefits of aikido are both external (physical) and internal (spiritual). They embody timeless strengths and values that are frequently eroded by modern

lifestyles. The way of aikido can also be very practical, empowering people to face the challenges of life with clarity and tranquility.

TRAINING Training is based upon a firm grasp and understanding of the foundation or basics of Aikido. I can't stress enough the importance of the basics! Another area which is sometimes grossly misunderstood and ignored is the role of uke (the student attacking). If uke consistently gives half-hearted, sloppy attacks, all you will learn is how to give sloppy, half-hearted defensive techniques. Unfortunately, in the many years of teaching and training in various styles of martial arts, I have seen time and time again unfocused and unrealistic attacks in classes where nothing was ever really accomplished because of the lack of intent from uke. Focused attacks with intent while training are of great importance while training in Aikido. As with the weapons training within aikido, the empty hand techniques contain an almost endless combination of attacks and defensive techniques to master. Underlying all practice is the study of body awareness, body movement, hand/eye co-ordination and realism. Training in empty hand techniques is done in the same fashion as weapons training. Students began at a slow, strong pace, gradually increasing the speed and power depending upon the skill level of the individual. The instructor will choose the techniques to practice in the class according to the curriculm. The instructor may look at different defenses for a single attack or at different attacks that a single defense may work with. Class is typically split into empty hand techniques and weapons work. COMMON CHALLENGES Every student is encouraged to practice at their own pace and level. However, many beginners will experience some common difficulties that can be part of starting the training. The first difficulty is simply being a beginner. Everything will seem strange and difficult, and you will feel clumsy and out of place. Dont worry. Beginners are supposed to be beginners. The advanced people will welcome the opportunity to help you with your practice, just as they were helped when they were beginners. Beginners often feel uncomfortable being attacked or acting the role of the attacker. However, the attack/defense process is a model for all of lifes challenges, and learning to handle feelings of discomfort in training is a way of finding how to

handle some of lifes more difficult moments. We practice using pre-arranged attack/defense movement routines. These "kata" are meant to create a safe practice situation in which you can learn the basics, so that you have general patterns which you can intuitively and spontaneously modify to fit the specific requirements of a real attack. Kata are not meant to be actual combat. Some beginners have a hard time accepting corrections to their techniques. Try not to be ashamed of making mistakes. During practice, the instructor will ask people to help demonstrate the techniques to be practiced. Of course, someone has to act the role of the attacker in order for the instructor to demonstrate the defense. Many people feel shy about demonstrating in front of the class, but everyone gets used to it. It is an opportunity to participate and learn, but you can always ask not to be used if it makes you too uncomfortable. Another area of confusion has to do with individual learning styles. Everyone is different, and each person learns and teaches in his or her own unique way. You may find that some styles of practice dont seem to speak to you and you may feel like avoiding them. Sometimes it is right to follow your intuition and practice the way you know you need to. However, if you avoid everything that is unfamiliar and confusing, you will miss out on new possibilities. Sometimes it is right to practice what you are shown, even when you dont understand it or agree with it. Normally, proper class etiquette is to practice respectfully whatever is being taught in class. If you are engaged in a practice that you feel is more than you can handle, you have options. In most situations, the problem can be solved by asking your partner to go easier. But if this does not help, you can simply excuse yourself and move to practice with another partner or sit out the particular practice that is difficult for you. At the next immediate opportunity, you can resume normal practice. If there is some part of the practice that is too uncomfortable, talk with the Sensei or the advanced students about it and they will help you find a way to

deal with it. You may wish to put off doing that part of the practice until you have more experience. Usually it is possible to modify the training and make it more suitable for your stage of practice. In any case, as a beginner, you will never have to do anything that you dont want to, and you will never be made fun of. If you experience a problem or conflict with a specific person during practice, you should talk with Sensei directly about it, or you could talk with senior students if you would find that more comfortable. You could also arrange a meeting between you and the other person, with Sensei present to help. Ask questions. If you have difficulties, talk with a senior student or an Sensei off the mat when full attention can be given to your concerns. Most of all, dont let the difficulties get you down...YOU ARE NOT ALONE. ADULT/BEGINNERS CLASSES Designed to give new students a strong foundation on which to develop their technique. Emphasis is on learning how to roll and take falls (ukemi), footwork, basic techniques (kihon waza) and principles of Aikido (balance breaking, centering, extension). CHILDRENS/TEENS CLASSES Kids start out by learning the basics. A strong, solid foundation in the basics is stressed from day number one. They are taught the foundation of Aikido through games and activities that keep them engaged They learn how to avoid conflict and become aware of their surroundings. At the same time it promotes the development of important social skills as they work with one another. The training enviroment emphasizes safety within a friendly and respectful atmosphere. Through a set of warm up exercises and Aikido techniques children and teens improve their awareness and attention, balance and strength. Physical and mental discipline, as well as confidence, character and respect for others, grow with each passing month. All of the children and teens are encouraged to perform within their level of comfort and ability, but with strict attention and correctness of form. In making this a part of every class, we ensure safety and continuing improvement of the students range of motion and flexibility. Next students move to practicing their forward and backward rolls. Students then begin to work in pairs, practicing attacks and throws that have been taught by the instructor. In working together they are taught from the very first technique to value safety and the safety of their partner. Such awareness allows older students to work with and help the very youngest of students. Respect for peers, instructors and students is always expected, encouraged and demonstrated. The behavioral rules within the dojo are few and simple to learn. Over time students will learn them from their senior students or

instructors. As with all things learned, these new skills will be carried out the doors of the dojo, to family, school and community. FEES Class fees are paid for the month at the beginning of each month. If you join in the middle of a month, that month is prorated, but after that you will be expected to pay for the whole month even if you will be practicing for only part of it. Class fees are $60.00 per month per adult. Childrens/Teens classes are $50.00 per child per month. For information about family rates please contact the Sensei. There is also a discount for those who pay three months UNIFORMS/CLOTHING Few Aikido schools require that have a uniform at your first class or classes. At Shinjin Aikido Dojo you are welcome to wear any comfortable sportswear. Please consider that jeans may greatly restrict your motion and that you will be in positions where big, baggy shorts were never meant to be viewed. Sweatpants provide freedom of motion and will protect your knees from abrasion on a canvas mat or from sticking to a vinyl one. A long-sleeved tshirt will protect your elbows and forearms. For attacks and grabs, however, shirts that are too stretchable or flimsy will be a problem to you and to your training partner. You should plan on purchasing a uniform within or slightly after your first months classes. Typically there are two kinds of uniforms available for purchase online or from martial arts stores /sporting good stores. These are... 1. The heavy-weight Judo style uniform 2. The lighter karate style uniform Either is acceptable for class. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Feel free to talk to Sensei about choosing a uniform if you are unsure which type would be most beneficial to you or your child.

PRACTICE / EXERCISES TO PERFORM AT HOME Many students ask what they can practice when they are not on the mat. There are countless numbers of drills and exercises that you can perform at home that will aid you in your study and advancement. Doing the basic stretching and breathing exercises at home will significantly improve your practice. Likewise, paying attention to balance, centering and movement in all your daily tasks will be very helpful. There are numerous weapons drills that you can perform at home that are highly recommended. Feel free to talk to Sensei about different training methods and training devices that you can implement at home.


*A copy of these rules and safety guidelines will be displayed near the door within the dojo. 1. No horseplay or loud, boisterous behavior permitted. 2. No swearing or foul language. 3. No student shall be under the influence of alcohol and/or illegal drugs. If a student is discovered to be under the influence of any such substance the will be immediately dismissed from class. If the student is in child/teen class and their parent(s) are not present, the parent or legal guardian will be contacted immediately so that the student may be removed from the school. 4. No illegal drugs/alcohol will be allowed in this dojo, or on this property. 5. Absolutely no sexual harassment of any kind will be tolerated. This includes dirty jokes, cell phone images, etc. If a student or parent has any questions of concerns regarding this subject within the dojo please bring it to the attention of the sensei as soon as possible. 6. Long hair shall be worn in a suitable fashion for practice (put in braids or ponytails). 7. No jewelry shall be worn during practice (necklaces, earrings, etc.) 8. All students shall bow to the shomen upon entering and exiting the dojo. 9. All students shall bow to the shomen upon getting on or off the mat. 10. Students shall act in a courteous and respectful manner to instructors, their training partners and guests. Rude, insolent behavior and talking back will not be tolerated. 11. Good personal hygiene is expected of every student. This includes common sense things such as keeping fingernails and toenails trimmed, showers, etc.

12. Keep your uniform clean and folded in the required manner. Do not come to class with your uniform wadded up in a ball in your duffel bag. 13. Cell phone use, as expected, is frowned upon during class. Some individuals for whatever reason, and for whatever purpose may need to leave their cell phones on. If this is the case please discuss it with Sensei before class starts as it is very annoying and distracting to others to have cell phones ringing all throughout the duration of class. 14. There will be no intimidating or bullying of other students. *****It is of great importance that parents, and or students come to me if there are ever any questions or concerns. If there is an issue that needs to be addressed, I will address it A.S.A.P.! However, I cannot give it the attention it deserves if I am unaware there is an issue. I have an open door policy and if a parent needs to speak with me and is unable to do so during class, they are always welcome to contact me at anytime by phone.***** INJURIES Injuries occasionally occur. If you are injured, make sure to inform the instructor, both of the injury and the circumstances which led to the injury. Make sure to seek appropriate medical care when needed. Use common sense when injured. Do not continue to train in any instance where it may make the injury worse. The instructor will determine whether or not the student may continue to train during that class depending on his assessment of any injury. HEALTH AND SAFETY For safety reasons, you must remove rings, jewelry and such. It is important that you trim your finger and toe nails short. However, precautions are important in dealing with all diseases. You are responsible not only for your own health and safety but also for the health and safety of your training partners. If you know or suspect that you have any illness which might affect or infect others, or which might impair your ability to train safely, you have the obligation to refrain from training until you are not a risk to others or yourself. POLICY ON BLOOD-BORNE PATHOGENS Every once in a while, someone will get scratched or cut during practice and bleed. We

have adopted a policy to minimize the risk of transmission of HIV, HepatitisB, and other blood-borne diseases. It is important to realize, however, that current medical evidence suggests that the risk of transmission of HIV during the type of body contact that occurs in this training is extremely slight. Organizations such as the NCAA and the U.S. Olympic Committee have concluded that persons infected with blood borne pathogens should not be barred from participating in contact sports. These organizations have concluded that the already-slight risk of transmission of HIV and other blood-borne diseases can be reduced further by adoption of the Center for Disease Control universal precautions with regard to exposed body fluids. In the dojo, we will observe these universal precautions. This means that instructors and students shall treat all exposed blood as if it were infected. First aid supplies will be available for most minor injuries (cuts, scratches, etc.).The following measures will be observed at all times: 1. Preparation for training: The most frequent points of contact between training partners are the hands. Other exposed parts of the body, which are subject to the risk of cuts and abrasions, are the feet and the area of the face and neck. For these reasons special precautions must be observed. Inspect the exposed parts of your body prior to training to ensure there are no breaks in your skin such as abrasions, open cuts or sores. If you have any breaks in your skin, clean them with a suitable antiseptic and cover them securely with a leak-proof dressing before coming on the training mat. Make sure that breaks in your skin stay covered while you are training. Suitable taping, gloves or socks will be necessary. If you notice that someone else has an open cut or sore, immediately advise them of the fact and cease training with the individual until the appropriate covering is in place. If the person does not immediately remedy the situation, notify the class instructor immediately. Inspect your hands and feet to ensure that your fingernails and toenails are trimmed and smooth. 2. Procedure for wounds incurred during training: If a wound becomes

uncovered, is open, or is bleeding even to a minor extent during training, immediately stop training and leave the mat until the bleeding stops and the wound is securely covered as described above. If you need assistance in stopping the bleeding and covering the wound, each person assisting you shall wear a pair of latex gloves (available in the first aid kit). All used gloves and bloody cloths or dressings will be placed in a leak-proof plastic bag and disposed of carefully. Hands shall be washed with soap and hot water immediately after gloves are removed. Minor blood stains on uniforms will be treated with the disinfectant solution kept by the first aid kit. If there are major blood stains, the uniform shall be removed immediately, placed in a leakproof container, and handled carefully until it can be laundered or disposed of. There are NO exceptions! 3. Procedures for contact with anothers blood: If you come into contact with your practice partners blood, immediately alert your partner to the fact that they are bleeding, leave the mat and follow appropriate disinfectant procedures. If you do not know who is the source of the blood, immediately locate the individual who is bleeding. Then both of you should leave the mat and follow appropriate disinfectant and protection procedures. 4. Procedures for blood on the mat: The partner of the bleeding person should stand by the blood and ensure that other students do not come into contact with the blood on the mat. The bleeding person should leave the mat to attend to the bleeding. The blood, regardless of amount, should be cleaned up immediately by wiping down the exposed surface with the disinfectant solution provided for that purpose. Each person assisting in this task shall wear latex gloves and shall dispose of the gloves and clothes used for the cleanup in the manner described above. Upon

completion of the cleanup, immediately after gloves are removed, each assisting person shall wash his or her hands with soap and hot water.

Please note: Only registered members will have access to the full curriculum which shows hours required for training and in depth listings of techniques required for each rank. The following is a general outline of the overall syllabus. (Mudansha/Undergraduates): all students under black belt rank. 5th gokyu: (white belt) Ukemi (rolling, breakfalls and falling safely). Shikkyo (forward and backward). Kamae (postures) Tenkan (left & right) Forward foot Irimi (left & right) Irimi ashi Chudantsuki Shomenuchi Yokomenuchi Tai sabaki: with partner for chudan, forward foot (omote) back foot (omote). Ai hanmi katate dori: forward foot (omote) back foot (omote). Kaiten Uchi kaiten exercise Tenkan ura (backfoot irimi tenkan, stepping behind). Tai sabaki with partner for jodan Ai hanmi katatedori: forward foot irimi (omote), back foot irimi (omote). Gyakyu hanmi katatedori: front foot irimi (omote), back foot irimi (omote). Kaiten: uchi kaiten exercise. Tenkan: stepping forward with forward foot breaking partners grip. Soto kaiten (omote) Soto kaiten tenkan Shiho-nage: ai hanmi Shiho-nage: gyakyu hanmi

4th yonkyu: (yellow belt) All of the above, plus the following: Tachiwaza shomenuchi ikkyo Tachiwaza katatedori nikkyo Tachiwaza yokomenuchi shiho-nage Tachiwaza kokyu-nage (2 attackers) Suriwari kokyo-ho Bukiwaza : 31 jo kata, 7 ken suburi 3rd sankyu: (green belt) Tachiwaza shomenuchi: ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suwari waza shomenuchi: ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Tachiwaza ryotedori shiho-nage, tenchi-nage Tachiwaza yokomenuchi shiho-nage Tachiwaza shomenuchi irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi Tachiwaza kokyu-nage (2 attackers) Suriwaza ryote dori, kokyu-nage Bukiwaza: 31 jo kata (including paired kata), 13 jo kata, 20 jo kata, 7 ken suburi 2nd nikyu: (purple belt) All of the above, plus the following: Tachiwaza shomenuchi ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suwari waza shomenuchi ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suriwaza katatedori ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Hanmi-handuchi katatedori shiho-nage Tachiwaza shomenuchi irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi Tachiwaza chudantsuki irimi-nage Tachiwaza katatedori irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi, kaiten-nage Tachiwaza katatedori jiyuwaza Tachiwaza ryotedori tenchi-nage Tachiwaza kokyu-nage ( 3 or 4 attackers, jiyuwaza) Suriwaza kokyu-ho Bukiwaza: 31 jo kata (including paired kata), 13 jo kata, 20 jo suburi, 7 ken suburi, 3 tanto dori.

1st ikkyu: (brown belt) All of the above, plus the following: Tachiwaza katate dori kiiyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suriwaza katate dori ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suriwaza yokomenuchi ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonku

Suriwaza ushiro ryotedori ikkyo, nikkyo, sankyo, yonkyu Suriwaza yokomenuchi gokkyu Hanmi-handachi ryotedori shiho-nage Suriwaza ryotedori shiho-nage Tachiwaza shomenuchi irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi, kaiten-nage Tachiwaza chudantsuki irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi, kote-gaeshi, kaiten-nage Tachiwaza katatedori irimi-nage, kote-gaeshi, kaiten-nage Tachiwaza ryotedori tenchi-nage Katate dori, ryote dori, morote jiyuwaza Tachiwaza suwari kokyu-ho Tachiwaza suwari kokyu-nage (4 attackers) Bukiwaza: 1 paired kata, 13 jo kata, 20 jo suburi, 7 ken suburi (Yudansha/Graduates): 1st degree black belt and above. *Requirements for the rank of shodan and above are available only to students who have reached ikkyu (brown belt). SHODAN: (1st degree black belt) NIDAN: (2nd degree black belt) SANDAN: (3rd degree black belt) YONDAN: (4th degree black belt) GODAN: (5th degree black belt) ROKUDAN: (6th degree black belt) SHICHDAN: (7th degree black belt) HACHIDAN: (8th degree black belt)

RANK & TESTING Rank is not important in and of itself. Taking a test is a valuable opportunity to practice harder and consolidate your understanding of and skill in the techniques that are part of your test. After gaining enough practice time to meet the minimum test requirements, students are welcome to apply to take a test. Note that the hours required for a test are counted from the last test. Note that any given student may need more than the minimum number of hours to be comfortable and skilled enough with the techniques, and the instructor may ask students to continue practicing until they are truly ready for the

test rather than allowing them to takes tests for which they are not ready. Preparation for a test consists of practicing the specified techniques after class and during the free practice period. Remember to review all the techniques for the earlier tests you have taken. You can ask the higher ranked students or the instructor for help in refining your techniques. It is helpful to practice with as many people as possible since each person will contribute something a little different to your understanding of the techniques. You will be ready for the test when you have attained a certain fluidity and comfort with the execution of the techniques. Note that there are many correct ways of executing techniques of aikido. The instructors, in accordance with the standards put in place by Sensei, have designated the appropriate test versions of the required techniques. If there are questions about the techniques, ask the black belts, or ask Sensei. Testing involves more than just the physical execution of the techniques. I want to see presence of mind and good flow. In addition, your attitude toward yourself, toward your practice partners and this school are part of the test. It is necessary to have a sincere commitment to practicing hard and doing well coupled with a healthy nonattachment about taking the test and passing or failing. If a person is too anxious to take the test and get the rank, that means they are not ready to take the test. If a student resents or resists being corrected and doesnt feel gratitude for the caring and effort it takes to point out mistakes, that means they have already failed the test. On the occasion in which someone does fail a test, the attitude with which they receive that failure is important. Failing a test is not really a failure. It is an opportunity for self-reflection and increased dedication to learning. We have all been there. I myself have failed tests before and it can be an unpleasent experience, but only if you let it. It is important not to become discouraged with the difficulties of polishing your technique and your spirit but to keep practicing with enthusiasm and sincerity. In the test, I or a designated instructor will look for a number of elements in your execution of the techniques. Some of these elements include, but are not limited to; (1) Correct posture. (2) The execution of the technique.

(3) (4) (5) (6)

Relaxed, smooth and continuous movement. There must be proper blending with and control of the attack. Focus your concentration. Maintain a proper balance.

You will begin each test by moving out to the center of the mat with your uke. You both bow to the designated instructor, then to each other. You should perform whatever technique is asked for, on both right and left sides, with both omote and ura versions, and you should continue to demonstrate the technique until asked to switch to another. At the end of the test, you bow to your partner, then to the instructor and then move back to the line of students. Application forms will be available for students to fill out. Fill the form at least one month before the test so that the instructors can begin to evaluate your readiness for testing. If you have any physical limitations that make certain test requirements inappropriate for you, please note that on your application form, and the test requirements will be adjusted accordingly.

NAMES OF TECHNIQUES/GENERAL TERMS: ROLLS AND BREAKFALLS Correct methods of using breakfalls and rollling techniques to practice throws safely. STANCES AND FOOTWORK Hanmi (half-body stance, left or right hanmi) Shinentai (natural stance) Ai-Hanmi (harmonious or mutual stance) Gyaku-Hanmi (reverse stance) Shikkyo (knee walking) *Male and female triangles *Diamond pattern *6 and 8 count patterns *Bodyshifting *Foot traps, foot takedowns and foot placement

FRONT GRABS Katate-Tori (single hand attack) Katate Kosa-Tori (single hand cross attack) Katate-Tori Ryote-Mochi (attack to single hand with both hands holding) Katate-Tori Ryote-Tori (both single hands grabbed by both uke's hands) Kata-Tori/Kata-Mune-Tori (lapel or shoulder attack) Ryo-Kata-Tori/Ryo-Munetori (grab to both lapels/shoulders) ATTACKS FROM THE REAR Ushiro-Tekubi-Tori (rear wrist attack) Ushiro-Hiji-Tori (rear elbow attack) Ushiro Kata-Tori (rear shoulder attack) Ushiro Kubi-Shime (rear neck attack) Ushiro-Tori (rear attack) STRIKING (Atemi/Gunting) Shomen-uchi (front strike) Yokomen-Uchi (side head strike) Mune-Tsuki (middle punch) *Trapping hands *Closed/open fist *Percussion strikes *Finger jabs *Elbows OSAE-WAZA AND KATAME-WAZA (joint locking techniques) Ikkyo (first teaching) Nikyo (second teaching) Sankyo (third teaching) Yonkyo (fourth teaching) Gokyo (fifth teaching) NAGE-WAZA (throws) Kokyu-Nage (breath throw) Katate-Kosa-Tori Kokyu-Nage Irimi Tobikomi (cross hand attack, enter by jumping in) Shiho-Nage (four direction throw) Yokomen-Uchi Shiho-Nage Irimi (diagonal strike to head entering w/four direction throw) Yokomen-Uchi Shiho-Nage Tenkan (diagonal strike to head, four direction throw w/turn) Shomen-Uchi Ikkyo Irimi (front strike to head, first wrist lock with entering) Shomen-Uchi Ikkyo Tenkan (front strike to head, first wrist lock done

w/turning) Kote-Gaeshi (wrist bend) Mune-Tsuki Kote-Gaeshi Tenkan (mid level punch w/wrist bend) Ude-Oroshi (arm drop) Katate-Tori Kokkyu-Nage Tenkan Ude-Oroshi (same side grab, breath throw, w/turn & arm drop) Zempo-Nage (forward throw) Ryote-Mochi Kokyu Zempo-Nage Tenkan (both hands grab, breath throw, throwing forward throw w/a turn. Ushiro-Nage (rear throw) Ushiro-Tori Tekubi-Tori Ura-Gaeshi (rear attack to wrists, with a turning to the rear) Tenchi-Nage (Heaven and Earth throw) Zagi Kokyu-Dosa (seated breath-movement) *Taigi #5 variations *SINGLE STICK AND SINAWALLI *Warm up drills *Flow practice 5 & 2 *Combat drills *Attack targets 12 *Postures (the house) *Defensive counters *Disarms BASIC AIKI SWORD (with bokken) Kihon (basics and fundamentals) Uchi Kata (striking methods) Renraku Waza (combination techniques) Suburi (1 thru 7 solo exercise) Suburi (1 thru 7 two man drill) BASIC AIKI JO Suburi and 31 count kata Kumitachi (1 thru 5) Kumitachi variations Kumijo (1 thru 7) Jo-Tori (1 thru 11) Jo & Taijutsu (1 thru 7) Jo & Ken (1 thru 10)

COMMON TERMS / DEFENITIONS You dont need to be fluent in Japanese to practice aikido. You dont need to memorize the following vocabulary, but you will hear these words in the practice. Over time the words will seep into your memory, but having a vocabulary sheet will help you become more comfortable with practice. The pronunciation of Japanese words is very simple in that any word in the language is made up of one or more short syllables which are generally given equal emphasis. The consonants of Japanese are usually pronounced like those of English except the R, which is closer to our English L mixed with D. (This Raito sounds more like light-oh not right-oh. The vowels are pronounced like those of Spanish or Latin as follows: A - ah as the a in father E - eh as the e in met I - ee as the i in Marine O - oh as the o in oboe U - oo as the u in rule SENSEI Sensei is the Japanese word for teacher. However, it means more than just teacher. It literally means born before and carries with it a feeling of respect toward those who have walked the path of wisdom before you and are your guides now. SEMPAI/KOHAI Sempai are students senior to you, and kohai are students junior to you. In Aikido, it is traditional for sempai to take responsibility for helping kohai. Before and after class you can approach the senior students for help with technique and questions about your practice. It isnt an imposition to ask sempai for help. It is part of the tradition of sharing and helping in your practice. And when you are a sempai, you will pay back your sempai by helping your kohai. Ai: harmony or love. Ki: spirit or energy.

Do: the way or path, Aikido: the path to a harmonious spririt. Kiai: a shout in which or by which one's energy is focused. Bu: war or warfare. Shi: knight or scholar. Shinjin: true heart, true mind Bushi: warrior Bushido: the way or code of the warrior. Jitsu or jutsu: techniques or practices Budo: the martial way Bujitsu: the study of fighting techniques Samurai: from the verb meaning to serve The warrior class of feudal Japan. Hara: the lower abdomen. The center of energy & movement. Haragei: the cultivation of Hara Tanden: the hara Kotodama: meditation on the sounds of Japanese syllables. Zanshin: continuity of concentration, alertness, remaining prepared for the next attack. Shin: mind or heart Mushin: no mind Takemusu Aiki: limitless Aikido, spontaneous manifestation of inifinite technique. Musubi: unification of opposites Misogi: purification practice as refinement and purification. Dojo: training hall Shomen: the front of the dojo Deshi: student, disciple Sensei: teacher O'Sensei: literally, great teacher. Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido, is known to Aikido students as OSensei Sempai: senior student, one who began Aikido before you Kohai: junior student, one who began Aikido after you Aikikai: Aikido Foudation. Japanese umbrella organization headed by a descendent of Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido. Ichi: 1 Ni: 2 San: 3 Shi: (& yon in some 4 combinations) Go: 5 Roku: 6 Shichi: (& nana in some 7 combinations)

Hachi: 8 Ku: 9 Ju: 10 Kyu: white belt grades Dan: black belt grades the first black belt grade or a holder of it. Yudansha: black belt holder(s) Keikogi: practice uniform Obi: belt Hakama: black divided skirt/pants Seiza: formal kneeling position. Rei: bow or salutation Reigi: ettiquette Dozo: please Onegai Shimasu: (final u is silent) I request the favor. Domo Arigato Gozaimashita: I am very much/humbly obliged to you.

WEAPONS Jo: wooden staff approzimately four feet long Bo: wooden staff approzimately six feet long Tanto: wooden practice knife Ken or tachi: japanese long sword. Two handed, curved, single edged. Katana: the Japanese sword Bokken: wooden practice sword Shinai: split bamboo practice sword Karambit: knife with curved blade shaped like a tiger claw. BODY PARTS Ashi: leg Men: face or head Shomen: top or front of head Yokomen: side of head Me: eyes Kubi: neck Kata: shoulder Hiji: elbow Te: hand Tekubi: wrist Kokyu: breath Kote: back of the hand Tekatana: little finger edge of the palm, hand blade Mune: chest and stomach region Do: trunk

Kuchi: mouth Hara: lower abdomen Koshi: lower back PRACTICE TERMS Keiko: practice Tenouchi: gripping the sword Buki-waza: weapon techniques Batto-do jujutsu: drawing and cutting with the sword. Kamae: stances Kiri-kata: cutting techniques Happo: eight basic cuts Waza: technique Kamae: a stance of readiness Hanmi: the oblique, T-stance, literally half-body. Hidari: left Migi: right Gedan: lower level of the body Chudan: middle level of the body. Jodan: upper level of the body. Tsugi-ashi: shuffle step entry Ayumi-ashi: walking step entry Okuri-ashi: transport step entry Ai hanmi: both partners with their right or left foot forward. Gyaku hanmi: one partner with left foot forward, the other with right foot forward. Tenkan: turning around to the rear Irimi: entering in a straight line Tentai: pivot from one hanmi to the other. Hantai: in reverse order Uke: receiver a person who receive a technique. It generally refers to the person who attacks and is thrown. Nage: thrower a throw or the person who does the throw. Maai: the distance between uke and nage. It literally means Harmony of space. Kuzushi: unbalancing an opponents posture Kokyu: breathing, breath power Ukemi: the art of taking falls, literally receiving body. Sutemi: (pronounced stemmy) a sacrifice technique, in which nage falls down to effect a throw. Tai no henko: basic blending practice Kokyo dosa or kokyu ho: partner ki practice done in seiza, practice for coordinating breath, ki & movement. Literally, breath power exercise.

Shikko: knee walking Hanmi handachi: nage is kneeling and the uke attacks from a standing position. Literally, half standing, half sitting. Suwari Waza: both nage and uke are kneeling. Taijutsu: the unarmed/empty hand techniques, body arts. Kata: prearranged attack/defense exercise. Suburi: individual practice of a single movement of the ken or jo. Atemi waza: striking techniques Henekawaza: switching from one technique to another Kaeshiwaza: counter techniques Tanto dori: knife taking techniques Tachi dori: sword taking techniques Jo tori: staff taking techniques Jiyu waza: freestyle defense practice, any technique may be used. Randori: freestyle attack, any attack may be used Kumi tachi: 2 person sword practice Kumi jo: 2 person jo practice