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YAMAHA System Solutions white paper Networked

audio system design with CobraNet


This white papers subject is Networked audio system design with CobraNet. The design concept in this paper supports systems varying from small touring event setups to very large scale networked audio installations. That does not mean that the design concept is the best solution to all system specifications, other network topologies and audio protocols should always be considered in the initial phase of the design project. The advantage of this Yamaha System Solutions design concept is that it is based on Ethernet / CobraNet, both open protocols that use computer networking components widely available on the market. Other compatible brands of both network and audio equipment can be included in the design concept, assuring maximum flexibility and project efficiency for system integrators. It is also good to know that the design concept is not just a theoretical exercise; we have built, tested and installed systems based on this design concept so you can be confident that the concept will work in real life. We assume the reader is a system integrator with detailed knowledge of analogue and digital audio, and basic knowledge of networking technologies as covered in the Yamaha System Solutions - an introduction to networked audio white paper. The Yamaha Commercial Audio team.

The complete package

CobraNet networked audio systems 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. System design Specification list for Yamaha System Solutions CobraNet designs Network & redundancy concept Control network Locations & Connections Programming the network Programming the IP over Ethernet devices Yamaha CobraNet devices Programming the CobraNet devices Testing & troubleshooting System examples

1.

System design
Customers requirements
The first step in any design is to chart the customers requirements. Sometimes the requirements can be found in a formal tender if a consultant has already been involved in the customers system specification process. In many cases the consultant or system integrator has to discuss the customers requirements in depth to find the most appropriate system specifications, and perhaps suggest additional system possibilities made possible by new technologies on the market.

Design options
Based on the system specifications document, basic design options can be conceived. The main decision to make is the selection of the technology to be used: analogue or digital, point to point or networked, closed (proprietary) or open (manufacturer-independent) platforms etc. These decisions are fundamental as they determine the degree of freedom allowed in further design stages.

Design tools
The more complex a system the more important design tools become. A small system can be described in words or an excel sheet, but larger or more complex systems have to be described in drawings to be able to communicate them to all stakeholders in a project. In these cases software programs are used to construct system designs, such as AutoCAD in the contracting business, StarDraw in the audio markets and CobraCAD for CobraNet system designs.

Selection of network and audio devices


After the technology platforms have been selected the systems actual network and audio devices must be selected. Input parameters for selection include feature set, audio quality, technical reliability, supplier reliability, complexity and of course cost level. There are no products with an A-score on all of these parameters; quality comes with higher costs, more functionality comes with a more complex user interface, etc. The designer must study each system components feature set in depth to assess if it meets the system specifications or not, and conceive creative solutions in case no matching products are available.

System specifications
The second step is to draw up a system specification based on the customers requirements. A system specification document contains the requirements for a system to fulfill as operational parameters. The system specifications should not include any direction to actual solutions as that would narrow the scope of possibilities in the design stage. Only by keeping the system specifications and the design solution options strictly separated can the broad scope of choices be truly considered by the designer, allowing for maximum flexibility, quality and creativity in the design stage.

System test
A very important part of the network design process is to conduct (sub) system tests. Especially network systems using managed switches offer an extremely high functionality level that require system tests to verify that all parameters have been programmed correctly.

Training & after sales


A networked audio system offers different functionality compared to analogue systems. Therefore the design of appropriate after sales and training activities for future users of the system is an important part of the design stage.

2.

Specification list for Yamaha System Solutions CobraNet designs


Based on the customers requirements a system specification must be drawn up. For this white paper a one size fits all system specification is listed intended to cover most of every day applications from small touring sound reinforcement sets to large scale distributed i/o installations. Although this system specification list will most probably produce a system design that meets the average customers requirements, it might cover more than required. To achieve efficient system designs it is recommended to carefully go through the first step of the system design process of charting the customers requirements before drawing up the system specification list.

Cabling

Latency

The design concept should cover long distance cabling of The network should support a fixed latency of 1.3 ms for up to 500 meters. The network design should support up mid size systems. For larger systems higher fixed latency to five long distance locations. The long distance locations modes are allowed. should offer connectivity to Local network structures.

Apart from the star location the network devices in the For live touring applications, touring grade cabling should system should not make any significant audible noise. be used. Cables should include road proof connectivity systems. Status monitoring and control

Touring

Acoustic noise

True Network
The design concept should cover virtually all application sizes; from simple P2P connections to large scale installations with many locations. To allow this level of scalability, and to keep systems manageable, a true network protocol should be used. Functional connections must be separate from the physical cabling in the network assuming the network offers sufficient bandwidth for the application.

Topology
For all designs, the network topology should offer easy connectivity - supporting the use of cost effective computer networking hardware.

The design concept should include a computer to control and monitor the systems audio and network devices.

Serial connectivity
Connectivity of serial standards such as RS232C and RS422 should be possible using inexpensive hardware.

Redundancy

Open system

All designs should feature full redundancy for all network Ethernet connectivity components. A system should recover automatically from any network component failure. The system should offer a 100Mb Ethernet network for connections to Ethernet compatible devices. This network Bandwidth should be separate from the audio network.

Both the network protocol and the audio network protocol The network should have a bandwidth supporting at least Costs should be open market standards. This way the new 500 audio channels. All individual audio devices should developments in the IT industry over the past decades support up to 64 channel bi-directional links. The system should be cost effective. can be utilized, and connectivity is not limited to Yamaha components alone. The use of established standardised Options technology allows high quality and cost-effective designs. Audio quality The system should support at least 24-bit 48 kHz audio The system should support optional video connections signals. using IP cameras, Uninterrupted Power Supplies and wireless access points etc.

3.

Network & Redundancy concept


Based on the system specification list in the previous Both switches support IEEE802.1q VLAN, IEEE802.1w Cabling chapter the following Yamaha System Solutions design rapid spanning tree, IEEE802.3ad link aggregation and concept is proposed. QoS functionality. All long distance cabling from the star to the four locations carrying Gigabit network information is specified with 50 m multimode fiber, connected to the switches using Network Star locations appropriate GBIC fiber modules. For distances under 50 The Yamaha System Solutions design concept uses A high capacity switch including at least four GBIC ports meters CAT5E cabling can be used instead. CobraNet audio devices. All devices are connected to for Gigabit fiber connectivity is used for the star location. a Gigabit Ethernet network using a star topology. The Such a high capacity switch is typically not available All further connections in the system use CAT5 cabling network uses managed switches supporting VLAN and without cooling fans, so this location should be planned in carrying 100Mb network information. Rapid Spanning Tree Protocols. a place where acoustic noise is not a problem such as the amplifier rack. Redundancy

VLAN

All locations use double switches, labelled primary and End locations secondary, with a Gigabit link between them. The two The network is divided in two VLANs: one for CobraNet and one for control. If a system requires the use of many A low capacity switch including at least eight 100Mb RJ45 switches are connected to the star location by two cables, multicast bundles, additional VLANs can be included. ports, one Gigabit RJ45 port and one GBIC port for Gigabit preferably laid out over different physical paths through fiber connectivity is used for all other locations at the ends the venue. All CobraNet devices primary links are of the star network. The eight 100Mb ports are divided in connected to the primary switch, and the secondary links Switches six ports carrying the CobraNet VLAN, and two ports to the secondary switch. In the star locations secondary A high capacity and a low capacity switch supporting carrying the control VLAN. The switch should not have switch the Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol is active. cooling fans so it can be used in noise-free conditions on Gigabit connectivity are used to build the network. stage or at the FOH position in the audience.
Cobranet device Cobranet device Cobranet device End location Ethernet device End location End location Cobranet device Star location Cobranet device End location Ethernet device Cobranet device Cobranet device Ethernet device Cobranet device Ethernet device Cobranet device Ethernet device Cobranet device Primary link Secondary link

4.
VLAN

Control network
GPI and parameter control signals in systems using multiple DMX DME units can be linked together through the control VLAN. Any DME unit can be monitored, controlled and Using RS485 to Ethernet devices, the connection of programmed on a computer using DME designer software lighting consoles and dimmer packs using the DMX from anywhere in the system. Individual DMEs can be control standard can be run on the network. selected by their IP address.

To ensure that CobraNet data traffic and other Ethernet traffic flowing through the network can not interfere with each other, a separate control VLAN is used for all nonCobraNet devices. At each switch location two ports are configured to carry the control VLAN signals.

M7CL Studio Manager


The control VLAN can be used to connect M7CL Studio Manager to all M7CL consoles in the system. This way the system engineer can plug in the Ethernet port of a laptop anywhere in the system and have control over any console. The Studio Manager software and the consoles are linked together by their IP addresses.

Serial servers

Wi-Fi

A wireless access point can be added to the control VLAN A pair of serial servers can be used to connect serial signals to allow wireless access to all of the audio systems such as the RS422 head amp control on digital mixers. networked control functionality. Functional connection is done by matching the serial servers IP addresses, allowing multiple serial connections IT network to be used.

IP cameras

DME Designer

Inexpensive internet video surveillance cameras can be used to make multiple low quality video monitor The control VLAN also connects to the Ethernet port on connections to be picked up anywhere in the network. An internet browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer can all Digital Mixing Engines. be used to display the video signals on a computer screen.

Both the complete Yamaha System Solutions network or just its control VLAN can be connected to an existing IT network, allowing a venues Ethernet devices such as printers, servers and internet modems to be used. For these applications, it is essential to involve suitably experienced network professionals, such as the IT network administrator.

Serial server (B&B ESP901)

IP camera ( Dlink DCS6620)

Wireless access point (Dlink DWL7200)

Lighting console (WholeHog III)

5.

Locations & connections


Locations Star location
All locations in the system feature two Gigabit managed A high capacity switch, such as the Dlink DGS3324SR, switches. CobraNet and Ethernet devices are connected featuring 24 Gigabit ports with four GBIC SFP slots for to specific connectors of the switches. fiber connectivity, is used for the star location. Ports 1 to 8 are allocated to VLAN1: default (the control VLAN). Ports 9 to 16 are allocated to VLAN2: CobraNet. For Installations redundancy one CAT5E patch cable connects to port 17 of For installations, the network connections of the switches both switches. Ports 21 to 24 double with the GBIC slots for connection to the end locations. can be used. No front panel connectors are required. For touring applications, each location to be connected to Touring the star requires two connectors on the front panel of the In case of a 19 rack, the two top units carry the two locations case: two EtherCon connectors for redundant switches. The back side allows access to the switch CAT5E cabling or two Fiberfox EBC52 connectors for ports, the front side includes touring connectivity using redundant fiber cabling. EtherCon connectors for CAT5E cabling and Fiberfox End locations EBC52 connectors for fiber cabling. Ports 1 and 2 are allocated to VLAN1: default (the control VLAN). Ports 3 to 8 are allocated to VLAN2: CobraNet. For locations with Fiber connectivity, one CAT5E patch cable connects the TX Gigabit ports of both switches to support the RSTP redundancy, while the GBIC slot is used for connection with the star location. For locations with CAT5E connectivity the GBIC slot is used for the RSTP redundancy link, and the TX Gigabit port for the connection with the star location. For touring applications, two connectors are available on the front panels: two EtherCon connectors for redundant CAT5E cabling or two Fiberfox EBC52 connectors for redundant fiber cabling. An end location can connect to further CobraNet devices, other than those built in the stage rack, using two EtherCon connectors per device.

Redundancy

In case of a mixing console, the switches, EtherCon A low capacity switch, such as the Dlink DES-3010GA, All connections come in pairs for redundancy. Connections and Fiberfox connectors can be built into the mixers featuring eight 100Mb ports, one Gigabit port and one should be rolled out physically separated from each other GBIC SFP slot for fiber connectivity, is used for all end as much as possible to offer maximum protection from flightcase, e.g. in the dog box at the rear of the console. locations. This switch does not have a fan so it is silent; it cabling accidents e.g. involving rodents or heavy military equipment. can be used in critical acoustic environments.

Rack contents
Star location rack front view

Rack contents
End location rack front view

Rack contents
Star location rack rear view

Rack contents
End location rack rear view Location functional diagram

6.

Programming the network


Network settings
Network settings have to be programmed using the software provided by the switch manufacturer. Switches can be programmed with a computer connected to one of its network ports using a web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer in a user-friendly way. Old style command line programming is possible using a serial RS232C connection using the Windows Hyperterminal software; the Command Line Interface (CLI) that has to be used will be described in the switchs users manual. Port-based VLANs have to be programmed one by one on all switches. On the secondary star switch RSTP should be enabled on the ports connected to the other switches in the system. RSTP should be disabled on all other ports and all other switches in the system. Connect the secondary star switch to the network only after RSTP has been enabled.

Switch IP address
The switchs web based user interface can be accessed using Microsoft Internet Explorer. Out of the box, every switch in this example will have the same default IP address, so the first thing to do is to connect each switch one by one as a single device to a computer using an Ethernet crossover cable. Then log in using the default IP address specified in the switchs users manual, leaving the user name and password empty. To be able to access the switches after they are connected in the network, its best to change the IP addresses of all switches to a logical order range on the control network that you will use for IP services in the system, and document the addresses in the system project document. After setting the new IP address and subnet mask store the settings and then log into the web based user interface again using the new IP address. Connect to the switch using a port planned to be in the Default VLAN.

VLAN and STP settings


For Dlink switches the VLAN settings are available under the L2 features tab in the folder hierarchy on the left side of the web display. Clicking the Static VLAN entry tab produces a list of programmed VLANs. Use the modify or add buttons to set up the VLANs. To set the spanning tree parameters access Spanning Tree under the L2 features tab. Dont forget to store all settings after every change ! In the end locations the switches default VLAN should include ports 1 and 2, an additional CobraNet VLAN should include ports 3 to 8. Both VLANs should be tagged and assigned to ports 9 and 10. On the secondary star switch RSTP should be enabled on the long distance link ports only. Then test the system and fine-tune STP settings.

DES3010G web interface - IP settings DES3010 CLI interface - IP settings

DGS3324SR web interface - STP settings DES3010G web interface - VLAN settings

7.

Programming the IP over Ethernet devices


Serial server
To connect RS232C, RS422 and RS485 control signals over the network a serial server must be used. Serial servers are available from Moxa, B&B Electronics, Axis etc. Using, for example, the B&B ESP901 serial server a web interface is available to program the settings. First login using the default IP address of each device in the system and change the IP addresses one by one to a logical order range so they can be accessed later on when the system has been assembled. The serial server allows for its serial port to be connected to another server by selecting the matching IP address and setting the correct serial port parameters. For AD8HR head amp control select RS422 at DME Designer software 38,400 baud, 8 data bits, one stop bit, no parity. A special cable is required to connect the serial servers port to the To connect a PC to Yamaha devices in a network the AD8HR. Yamaha DME network driver needs to be installed first. For DME designer the network drivers settings must include the master DMEs IP address and MAC address to IP Cameras allow DME designer to access the network. IP cameras are available from Dlink, Level1, Sony, Sweex etc. Cameras can be used for visual communication links, monitoring of amplifier racks, etc. Using, for example, the Level1 FCS-1030, login to each camera in the system using the default IP address and change the IP addresses one by one to a logical order range so they can be accessed later on when the system has been assembled. Thats it ! The video signal can be monitored using a web browser, typing in the IP address in the web browsers URL area. The typical video quality of a budget IP camera is MPEG4 VGA with a latency of roughly one second. For better quality video and lower latency, higher quality cameras or video servers can be specified. In the DME designer MIDI Setup menu the network can be selected as the softwares communication port. Now the softwares synchronisation menu will display all DMEs and ICPs in the network.

GPI using DME


At the moment there is no separate GPI network connection function available in DME designer, so GPI connections can be made using dummy parameters in each DME unit; connecting them using the global parameter link function.

M7CL
To connect the M7CL editor to an M7CL mixing console in the network the DME network driver must be used. Set matching IP and MAC addresses in the network driver and the M7CLs network settings.

DME network driver settings

DME GPI settings

ESP901 web interface

IP camera web interface

DME network settings

M7CL network settings

8.

Yamaha CobraNet devices


NHB32-C
The NHB32-C is a 32 channel AES/EBU network hub and interface to CobraNet. The back panel offers four 25-pin Dsub connectors for 8 channels / 4 pairs AES/EBU inputs and outputs each. In 5.3 ms and 2.6 ms latency mode the NHB32-C supports 4 CobraNet bundles in and out, with a programmable matrix router between the AES/EBU i/o and CobraNet bundles. In 1.3 ms latency mode there is a restriction of using four bundles in total for inputs and outputs.

DME Satellite
The DME Satellite series are compact 1U units with 8 channels of analogue i/o, 8 GPI inputs and 4 GPI outputs. The DME satellite is available in three analogue i/o configurations: 4 in 4 out, 8 in or 8 out. All analogue inputs offer a remote controllable head amp for easy connectivity of microphone level signals. A serial port is available for remote control of AD8HR units or RS232C control by AMX or Crestron systems (for example).

MY16-CII
The MY16-CII is the successor of the MY16-C with connectivity to all MY16 compatible products. The power supply limitation is solved so the card can be used in any MY16 compatible digital mixing console. The setting of bundle numbers with rotary switches has been replaced by software control using the supplied CobraNet Manager Lite software package.

ACU16-C
The ACU16-C offers sixteen analogue 24-bit 48 kHz outputs on Euroblock connectors to drive power amps. An RS485 data connector is included to connect to a series of PC01N power amplifiers, bridging the connection to other ACU16-C units in the network. This functionality allows control, logging and monitoring of all PC01N amplifiers with a PC connected to the USB port of any ACU16-C or NHB32-C in the CobraNet network.

MY16-C
The MY16-C offers 2 bundle i.e. 16ch in & 16ch out CobraNet connectivity to compatible MY16 devices such as the M7CL, DME24N, DME64N, PM5D. Due to power supply limitations, the use of the MY16-C in the DM2000 is limited to one card only, and the MY16-C can not be used in other MY16 compatible products such as the DM1000, 02R96, 01V96.

DME24N, DME64N
Both DME24N and DME64N can connect to a CobraNet network using MY16-C or MY16-CII cards.

Digital mixing consoles


Any Yamaha MY16 compatible digital mixing console can connect to a CobraNet network using the MY16-CII card. The PM5D and M7CL also accept MY16-C cards.

NHB32-C

DME4io-C

MY16-C

MY16-CII

DME8i-C

ACU16-C

DME8o-C

Digital mixer with Mini-YGDAI slot

DME24N/DME64N with M-YGDAI slot

9.

Programming the CobraNet devices


In 1.33 ms latency mode the NHB32-C can only handle a Setting up MY16-CII total of 4 bundles, in all other modes the full 4 in 4 out can To program NHB32-C and ACU16-C devices a be used. In 5.3 ms latency mode the 24-bit setting reduces The MY16-CII uses a software program to set the bundle Windows XP computer is required. First install the the channel count to seven channels per bundle, the lower numbers, sample size, wordclock and latency mode. First Yamaha MIDI USB driver and NetworkAmp Manager latency modes do not have this restriction. install Cobranet Manager Lite on the PC, then connect it software available on www.yamahaproaudio.com/ to the CobraNet network. After starting the software, all downloads. Activate the MIDI ports in the MIDI USB Setting up MY16-C CobraNet devices will be recognized by the program and driver in the computers control panel and launch the a selection display will ask for four devices to be selected AmpManager.exe software. The old version MY16-C cards offers two input bundles for editing. All CobraNet devices in the network will be and two output bundles for a total of 16 channels in and displayed on the CobraNetManagers screen in a matrix Then set the rotary ID switches on the front all NHB32-C out. There are two rotary switches on the back of the card view, with the four selected devices activated for editing . and ACU16-C devices in the network to a logical order for each bundle which can be set from 0 to 15. If both To be able to edit all devices at the same time an upgrade from zero upwards. Connect the computer to any of the rotary switches are set to 0, the bundle is inactive. If the to the full version of CobraNet manager is required, NHB32-C or ACU16-C units in the network using the MSB rotary switch is set to 0, the LSB rotary switch defines available by request from www.cobranetmanager.com USB connector on the front side of the unit. With this the bundle number to be multicast ranging from 1 to 15. If connection all units in the system can be programmed the MSB is set from 1 to 15, the LSB sets unicast bundles Click on an active MY16-CII and select Yamaha settings using the CobraNet network. starting from 272. A list of bundle settings is included in to access the device settings menu to set wordclock, sample size and latency mode. the users manual. The software allows settings of the latency mode, unicast enable, sample size and incoming and outgoing bundle Settings for wordclock (sample rate), sample size and numbers. latency mode are also available as dip switches on the cards PCB.

Setting up NHB32-C and ACU16-C

Yamaha NetworkAmp Manager (NHB32-C, ACU16-C)

Rotary switches bundle selection (MY16-C)

CobraNetManager lite (MY16-CII, DME Satellite)

10.
Checklist

Testing & troubleshooting


Check 3: Double check audio settings
Using the appropriate software, double check the audio settings in all individual CobraNet devices: bundle numbers, wordclock settings, sample size and latency mode. Confirm that the conductor is assigned to the appropriate device.

Check 6: Sabotage
Sabotage all network components in the system one by one: remove cables or power down switches, confirm system recovery, re-connect or power-up, confirm that the system switches back to a redundant state. Note the recovery timing at each stage to include in the project documentation.

After assembling a networked audio system it is good practice to conduct a systematic series of checks to make sure everything is OK. These checks should include network functionality, audio functionality and sabotage behavior.

Check 1: Double check network settings


Connect a PC to the default VLAN and confirm that all switches are on-line, for example Dlinks D-View monitoring software. Double check the VLAN settings and STP settings in every individual switch by browsing them one by one.

Check 4: Listen

Connect some small speakers to the most important system outputs and then connect an audio source to every If an emergency occurs in a system the most important input one-by-one and check if a connection to the outputs thing to do is to wait until the recovery is completed. is available with good sound quality. Interfering with the system before recovery takes place might disable the recovery! After the system has recovered Check 5: Disco steps 1, 2 and 5 of the checklist can be performed to assess Check 2: Check the CobraNet network the situation. If the problem can be located wait for a break Connect a PC to the CobraNet network and launch in the performance to solve it as the audio will probably Connect a PC to the CobraNet VLAN and launch Discovery to confirm that all audio connections are really be affected when the system switches back to a redundant state. CobraNet Manager. Confirm that all CobraNet devices error-free. Check for errors at all bundles. are shown in the overview.

Troubleshooting

CobraNet Discovery

D-View 5.1

CobraNet Manager

11.
System

System examples
CobraNet
Each stage rack transmits three multicast bundles to be picked up anywhere on the network. From FOH and MON mixers unicast bundles are sent to the amplifier rack and the two stagerack return outputs. A third mixer, recording rack or a clean feed to an OB van can be added to the system at any time at any location.

M7CL FOH & monitor locations, stage amplifier rack, two 24ch input racks IP over Ethernet
The control network is used to connect the RS422 head amp control signals from the FOH M7CL mixer to the first stage rack, and from the first stagerack to the second using serial servers. A laptop is connected to the FOH location (or any other location), allowing access to both FOH and monitor mixers, the DME output devices in both stageracks and the IP cameras in the amplifier rack, FOH mixer and Monitor mixer locations. Rev
6 * Ethercon panel UTP Slot 1 UTP UTP Slot 2 UTP PRI SEC TX 6 TX 7 MAINS I/P TX 8 I/P Ch 1 I/P Ch 2 I/P Ch 3 I/P Ch 4 I/P Ch 5 I/P Ch 6 I/P Ch 7 I/P Ch 8 I/P Ch 9 I/P Ch 10 I/P Ch 11 I/P Ch 12 I/P Ch 13 I/P Ch 14 I/P Ch 15 I/P Ch 16 I/P Ch 17 I/P Ch 18 2TR O/P Digital I/P Ch 19 Lamp I/P Ch 20 Lamp I/P Ch 21 I/P 4 I/P Ch 22 I/P Ch 23 12V DC I/P Ch 24 I/P 7 I/P Ch 25 I/P 8 I/P Ch 26 I/P Ch 27 I/P Ch 28 IP camera UTP I/P Ch 30 I/P Ch 29 12V DC Word Clock In Word Clock Out serial server Netw ork RS-422 I/P 6 I/P 5 12V DC I/P 1 RS422 / PC I/P 2 I/P 3 Omni O/P 1 Omni O/P 2 Omni O/P 3 I/P 8 Omni O/P 4 Omni O/P 5 Omni O/P 6 Omni O/P 7 Omni O/P 8 Omni O/P 9 Omni O/P 10 RS-232C TX 6 TX 7 MAINS I/P TX 8 Omni O/P 11 Omni O/P 12 Omni O/P 13 Omni O/P 14 Omni O/P 15 Left Omni O/P 16 Right MAINS I/P TX 6 TX 7 TX 8 Word Clock In Word Clock Out Word Clock In MIDI In MIDI Out Word Clock Out UTP Slot 3 UTP EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon RS-232C TX 6 AES/EBU C I/P 4 I/P 5 I/P 6 I/P 7 TX 7 AES/EBU D MAINS I/P TX 8 TX 4 AES/EBU A UTP UTP EtherCon RS-232C EtherCon TX 5 I/P 2 I/P 3 TX 5 AES/EBU B EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon

As the system star location includes high capacity switches with fans it is located in the amp rack - set up in a place where the amps fan noise is not a problem. One mixing console is located on the FOH position, one on the Monitor position side stage. Two 24 channel input racks are set on stage, with 8 returns each for local monitoring. Double (redundant) EtherCon cabling is used for the long distance links.

Date

6 * Ethercon panel UTP UTP UTP UTP EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 PRI SEC PRI SEC

digital mixing console MY16-C MY16-C MY16-C

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3

AES/EBU hub bridge


CobraNet Primary CobraNet Secundary USB RS-422 HA Remote COM I/P 1

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A AES/EBU out B RS422 HA remote RS422 / PC

1 2 3 4

Neu trik Ethercon

Neu trik Ethercon

D-link

DES-3010G

D-link

DES-3010G

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 TX 5 RS-232C

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 TX 5 MAINS I/P

03-03-06 first 03-03-06 stud netw XLR

YAMAHA NHB32-C

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA AD8HR

D-link

DES-3010G

D-link

serial server Netw ork RS-422

DES-3010G

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A AES/EBU out B RS422 HA remote

serial server Netw ork RS-422

B&B ESP901

23-03-06 Wire 2*I

B&B ESP901

B&B ESP901

Amp Control Unit


CobraNet Primary CobraNet Secundary RS485 PC/N control O/P 1 O/P 2 Bridge O/P 3 O/P 4 O/P 5 O/P 6 Data Port 2 O/P 7 O/P 8 MAINS I/P O/P 9 O/P 10 TX 8 O/P 11 O/P 12 O/P 13 O/P 14 I/P A O/P 15 O/P 16 I/P B Word Clock In MAINS I/P Word Clock Out Data Port 1 TX 14 TX 15 Bridge O/P B TX 12 9V DC TX 13
Son y V AIO Z50 0 TEK

I/P Ch 31 USB I/P Ch 32 COM 2 Channel Amplifier I/P Ch 33 I/P Ch 34 9V DC Gigabit FSP 26 Gigabit FSP 27 Gigabit FSP 28 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 TX 5 I/P Ch 35 MAINS I/P

24+4 switch
I/P A O/P A Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1

YAMAHA AD8HR

I/P B Data Port 1

O/P B

Level1 FCS 1030

I/P Ch 36 I/P Ch 37 I/P Ch 38 I/P Ch 39

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary CobraNet Secundary Netw ork RS-422 HA Remote

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A AES/EBU out B RS422 HA remote

Yamaha PC9501N

TX 6 TX 7 NIC Laptop

I/P Ch 40 O/P 1 I/P Ch 41 O/P 2 I/P 2 I/P 3 I/P 4 I/P 5 I/P 6 I/P 7 I/P 8 I/P Ch 42 O/P 3 I/P Ch 43 O/P 4 I/P Ch 44 O/P 5 I/P Ch 45 O/P 6 I/P Ch 46 O/P 7 I/P Ch 47 O/P 8 I/P Ch 48 Word Clock In I/P 1

RS422 / PC

TX 9 2 Channel Amplifier TX 10 O/P A TX 11

YAMAHA ACU16-C

Data Port 2

MAINS I/P

Yamaha PC9501N
RS-232C

TX 16 TX 17

ST I/P Left 1 ST I/P Right 1 ST I/P Left 2

GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI in8

GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

Word Clock Out

TX 18 TX 19 2 Channel Amplifier TX 20 O/P A Bridge I/P B Data Port 1 Data Port 2 O/P B TX 21 TX 22 TX 23 MAINS I/P TX 24 UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP

ST I/P Right 2 ST I/P Left 3 ST I/P Right 3 6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon EtherCon Word Clock In EtherCon Midi In Midi Out EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon Word Clock Out ST I/P Left 4 ST I/P Right 4

Symbols Used

I/P A

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA DME8o-C

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA AD8HR

D-link
Yamaha PC9501N

DGS-3324SR

MAINS I/P

2 Channel Amplifier

24+4 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 O/P A Gigabit FSP 26 Gigabit FSP 27 Gigabit FSP 28 TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 TX 5 TX 6

Neu trik Ethercon

FOH mixer

RS422 Remote Netw ork

DC Power I/P

Yamaha

M7CL-48 MB

stage rack 24 input 8 output

I/P A

Bridge I/P B Data Port 1 Data Port 2 O/P B

MAINS I/P

Yamaha PC9501N

TX 7 TX 8 TX 9 TX 10

2 Channel Amplifier

TX 11 O/P A TX 12 TX 13 TX 14 TX 15 TX 16 UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP UTP

I/P A

Bridge I/P B Data Port 1 Data Port 2 O/P B

6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4 TX 5 RS-232C TX 6 TX 7 MAINS I/P TX 8 I/P Ch 1 I/P Ch 2 I/P Ch 3 I/P Ch 4 I/P Ch 5 I/P Ch 6 I/P Ch 7 I/P Ch 8 I/P Ch 9 I/P Ch 10 I/P Ch 11 I/P Ch 12 I/P Ch 13 I/P Ch 14 I/P Ch 15 PRI SEC PRI SEC PRI SEC

digital mixing console MY16-C MY16-C MY16-C


UTP Slot 1 UTP UTP Slot 2 UTP UTP Slot 3 UTP

6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4

AES/EBU hub bridge


CobraNet Primary CobraNet Secundary USB RS-422 HA Remote COM I/P 1

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A AES/EBU out B RS422 HA remote RS422 / PC

MAINS I/P

Yamaha PC9501N

RS-232C

TX 17 TX 18 TX 19 TX 20

AES/EBU A TX 5 RS-232C EtherCon TX 6 AES/EBU C AES/EBU B

I/P 2 I/P 3 I/P 4 I/P 5 I/P 6 I/P 7 I/P 8

EtherCon

Neu trik Ethercon

Neu trik Ethercon


Omni O/P 1 Omni O/P 2 Omni O/P 3 Omni O/P 4 Omni O/P 5 Omni O/P 6 Omni O/P 7 Gigabit TX MAINS I/P

TX 7 AES/EBU D TX 8

2 Channel Amplifier

TX 21 O/P A TX 22 TX 23 MAINS I/P TX 24

I/P A

D-link

DES-3010G

D-link

DES-3010G
Word Clock In Word Clock Out

Bridge I/P B Data Port 1 Data Port 2 O/P B

D-link

DGS-3324SR
Yamaha PC9501N

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 Gigabit TX TX 1 TX 2 TX 3 TX 4

Word Clock In

Word Clock Out

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 TX 2 TX 3

MIDI In

MIDI Out

MAINS I/P

Omni O/P 8 Omni O/P 9 TX 4 Omni O/P 10 TX 5 Omni O/P 11 Omni O/P 12 TX 7 Omni O/P 13 MAINS I/P Omni O/P 14 Omni O/P 15 Left Omni O/P 16 Right AES/EBU out B RS-232C TX 6

IP camera UTP 2 Channel Amplifier RS-232C

TX 5 TX 6

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA NHB32-C

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA AD8HR

I/P A

O/P A Bridge MAINS I/P

TX 7 TX 8

I/P B Data Port 1

O/P B

D-link
9V DC

DES-3010G

D-link

TX 8

Client

DES-3010G

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A

Data Port 2

I/P Ch 16

MAINS I/P

Yamaha PC9501N

Level1 FCS 1030


IP camera UTP

I/P Ch 17 RS422 HA remote I/P Ch 18 2TR O/P Digital I/P Ch 19 Lamp I/P Ch 20 Lamp serial server Netw ork RS-422 I/P 3 I/P 4 I/P 5 I/P 6 I/P 7 12V DC I/P Ch 25 I/P Ch 26 I/P 8 I/P 1 RS422 / PC I/P 2

YMC

2 Channel Amplifier

I/P Ch 21 O/P A I/P Ch 22 I/P Ch 23 9V DC I/P Ch 24

I/P A

Bridge I/P B Data Port 1 Data Port 2 O/P B

Level1 FCS 1030

B&B ESP901

MAINS I/P

Yamaha PC9501N

Word Clock In I/P Ch 27 I/P Ch 28

Word Clock Out

Amplifier rack - system star

I/P Ch 29 I/P Ch 30 I/P Ch 31 MAINS I/P I/P Ch 32 I/P Ch 33 I/P Ch 34 I/P Ch 35 I/P Ch 36 I/P Ch 37 I/P Ch 38 I/P Ch 39 O/P 1 I/P Ch 40 O/P 2 I/P Ch 41 O/P 3 I/P Ch 42 O/P 4 I/P Ch 43 O/P 5 I/P Ch 44 O/P 6 I/P Ch 45 O/P 7 I/P Ch 46 O/P 8 I/P Ch 47 I/P Ch 48 Word Clock In Word Clock Out I/P 8 I/P 7 I/P 6 I/P 5 I/P 4 I/P 3 I/P 2 I/P 1 RS422 / PC

YAMAHA AD8HR

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary CobraNet Secundary Netw ork RS-422 HA Remote

A/D convertor
AES/EBU out A AES/EBU out B RS422 HA remote

Title

Messe

GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI in8

GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

ST I/P Left 1 ST I/P Right 1 ST I/P Left 2 ST I/P Right 2 ST I/P Left 3 ST I/P Right 3

MAINS I/P ST I/P Left 4 ST I/P Right 4

YAMAHA DME8o-C

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA AD8HR

Word Clock In Midi In RS422 Remote Netw ork

Word Clock Out Midi Out

MON mixer

DC Power I/P

Yamaha

M7CL-48 MB

stage rack 24 input 8 output

Yamaha Sys Cobranet au

4-location boardroom with analogue I/O and control System


All four rooms offer connectivity to four analogue stereo player/recorder devices such as compact cassette, CD, DVD, Minidisk etc. Two faders and on/off switches with tally LED are provided in all four rooms for simple control of the audio level. Further GPI inputs and outputs are available to control external equipment. More detailed control of the audio functionality can be realized using a computer with DME designer user control displays on a computer display. Crestron or AMX Control systems can also be used, integrating other multimedia devices in the system such as video recorders, projectors etc.

CobraNet
Each room features one DME8i-C and one DME8o-C device offering 8 inputs and 8 outputs in all rooms. Each DME8i-C unit transmits one multicast bundle so all inputs of all rooms are available in any location. For ad-hoc expansion a mixing console or extra i/o devices can be connected to any switch in the system, e.g. when two or more rooms are combined for a company presentation an 01V96 mixing console can be used to mix the event.

IP over Ethernet
A computer can be used to control the DME units in the system with user friendly control menus on the computers display. GPI functionality of each DME device in the system can be linked to all other DME devices for detailed control of the complete system functionality. Each room is fitted with an IP camera offering simple and cost effective video links between rooms using computers connected to the control network. As the DME designer software offers easy interfacing functions for Crestron and AMX systems, the audio system can be integrated in total multimedia systems based on these platforms.

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote

24+4 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 Gigabit FSP 26 TX 2

Gigabit FSP 27 I/P 1

TX 3

Gigabit FSP 28

TX 4

I/P 2

TX 5

I/P 3

TX 6

I/P 4

TX 7

I/P 5

TX 8 UTP

IP camera

I/P 6

TX 9

I/P 7

TX 10

I/P 8

TX 11

TX 12 GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI in8 RS-232C MAINS I/P TX 16 UTP TX 17 UTP TX 18 UTP TX 19 UTP TX 20 UTP 6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon EtherCon RS-232C UTP EtherCon TX 6 I/P 4 TX 5 I/P 3 UTP EtherCon EtherCon TX 4 I/P 2 UTP EtherCon RS-232C TX 6 I/P 4 TX 5 I/P 3 UTP EtherCon EtherCon TX 3 I/P 1 UTP EtherCon TX 4 I/P 2 UTP EtherCon RS-232C TX 6 I/P 4 TX 5 I/P 3 UTP EtherCon TX 3 I/P 1 UTP EtherCon TX 4 I/P 2 UTP EtherCon TX 3 I/P 1 EtherCon Gigabit TX TX 2 CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote UTP EtherCon Gigabit TX TX 2 CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote UTP EtherCon Gigabit TX TX 2 CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote TX 15 GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4 TX 14 9V DC 6 * Ethercon panel TX 13

Level1 FCS1030

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network UTP

6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network UTP

6 * Ethercon panel EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network

UTP

EtherCon

YAMAHA DME8i-C

TX 21

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote MAINS I/P O/P 1

TX 22

UTP

EtherCon

Neutrik Ethercon
MAINS I/P

TX 7 I/P 5 TX 8 I/P 6

Neutrik Ethercon
MAINS I/P

TX 7 I/P 5 TX 8 I/P 6

Neutrik Ethercon
MAINS I/P

TX 7 I/P 5 TX 8 I/P 6

TX 23

UTP

EtherCon

D-link

TX 24

UTP

EtherCon

DES-3010G

D-link

I/P 7

DES-3010G

D-link

I/P 7

DES-3010G

I/P 7

D-link

DGS-3324SR

UTP

EtherCon

I/P 8

I/P 8

I/P 8

GPI controller
GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2

O/P 2

UTP

EtherCon

O/P 3

UTP

EtherCon

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 Gigabit TX TX 2

GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6

GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 Gigabit TX TX 2

GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6

GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

8 + 2 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 Gigabit TX TX 2

GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6

GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

O/P 4

UTP

EtherCon

O/P 5

24+4 switch
Gigabit SFP 25 TX 1 Gigabit FSP 26 TX 2

Neutrik Ethercon

TX 3

GPI in 7 GPI in8

TX 3

GPI in 7 GPI in8

TX 3

GPI in 7 GPI in8

O/P 6

YAMAHA CP4SF
O/P 7 O/P 8 Gigabit FSP 27 TX 3 RS-232C

TX 4

TX 4

TX 4

TX 5

MAINS I/P

TX 5 RS-232C TX 6

MAINS I/P

TX 5 RS-232C TX 6

MAINS I/P

YAMAHA DME8i-C
TX 6 TX 7

YAMAHA DME8i-C
TX 7

YAMAHA DME8i-C
TX 7

GPI controller
GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

Gigabit FSP 28

TX 4

TX 5 MAINS I/P TX 6 TX 8 MAINS I/P TX 8 MAINS I/P TX 8

D-link

TX 7

DES-3010G

D-link
Digital Mixing Engine
CobraNet Primary Network CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote

DES-3010G

D-link
Digital Mixing Engine
CobraNet Primary Network CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote

DES-3010G

Digital Mixing Engine


CobraNet Primary Network CobraNet Secundary RS-422 HA Remote

YAMAHA CP4SF

GPI in8

TX 8

TX 9 MAINS I/P

YAMAHA DME8o-C

TX 10

O/P 1

O/P 1

O/P 1

TX 11 UTP

IP camera

GPI controller
GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2

O/P 2

IP camera UTP

GPI controller
GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2

O/P 2

IP camera UTP

GPI controller
GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2

O/P 2

TX 12

O/P 3

O/P 3

O/P 3

TX 13

O/P 4

O/P 4

O/P 4

TX 14

O/P 5

O/P 5

O/P 5

TX 15

O/P 6

O/P 6

O/P 6

YAMAHA CP4SF
TX 16 9V DC O/P 7 RS-232C TX 17 O/P 8 9V DC

YAMAHA CP4SF
O/P 7 O/P 8 9V DC

YAMAHA CP4SF
O/P 7 O/P 8

TX 18

Level1 FCS1030

GPI controller
GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

Level1 FCS1030

GPI controller
GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

Level1 FCS1030

GPI controller
GPI in 1 GPI in 2 GPI i n 1 GPI o u t 1 GPI out 2 GPI in 3 GPI in 4 GPI in 5 GPI in 6 GPI in 7 GPI out 1 GPI out 2 GPI out 3 GPI out 4

TX 19

TX 20

TX 21

GPI in 6 GPI in 7

TX 22

YAMAHA CP4SF

GPI in8

YAMAHA CP4SF

GPI in8

YAMAHA CP4SF

GPI in8

TX 23 MAINS I/P MAINS I/P MAINS I/P

D-link

MAINS I/P

TX 24

YAMAHA DME8o-C

YAMAHA DME8o-C

YAMAHA DME8o-C

DGS-3324SR

Large meeting room i/o & control - system star

Meeting room 1 i/o & control

Meeting room 2 i/o & control

Auditorium i/o & control

Notes

Notes

The complete package

The complete package Yamahas expanded Commercial Audio portfolio facilitates a single manufacturer solution to the most complex of audio installation and touring challenges. We offer digital mixing and processing as well as multi-channel, networking amplification and a wide range of advanced output devices.

Yamaha System solutions Although we are proud of our line up of excellent quality products, we understand that a system solution includes more than just products: cabling, network technology, design tools, quality management tools etc. This document aims to support networked audio system design including examples of 3rd party components.

White paper networked audio system design with CobraNet Yamaha Commercial Audio, 2006 - Ron Bakker, Hiroshi Hamamatsu, Tim Harrison, Kei Nakayama, Taku Nishikori, Tree Tordoff
AMX is a trademark of AMX corporation. Crestron is a trademark of Crestron Electronics, Inc. CobraNet is a trade mark of Peak Audio, a division of Cirrus Logic. EtherCon is a trademark of Neutrik Vertrieb GmbH. Fiberfox is a trademark of Connex Elektrotechnische Stecksysteme GmbH. WholeHog is a trademark of High End Systems, Inc. Microsoft Internet Explorer, Windows are trademarks of MicroSoft Corporation.