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DIMENSIONAREA HIDRAULICA A PODULUI

Calculele hidraulice au fost intocmite in conformitate cu “Normativul privind proiectarea hidraulica a podurilor si podetelor”, indicativ PD 95-2002.

1. Determinarea nivelurilor in regim natural de curgere pentru debitul de calcul cu

asigurarea de 5 %

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 7 - AVAL POD (Calcul nivel apa in albie minora si majora in regim liber)

 

Panta hidraulica, i = Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m =

0.010000

 

0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M =

0.067

h

Albie

   

APR

 

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

 

Q

 

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

 

m/M

 

2 ]

   

[m]

   

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

   

3 /s]

   

3 /s]

[m]

   

[m

 

[m

 

[m

[m

   

m

3.4965

 

17.4590

 

0.20

 

19.02

   

2.98

   

0.30

   

Mst

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 

2.98

   

Mdr

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

8.9296

 

18.9757

 

0.47

 

21.99

   

13.47

   

0.60

   

Mst

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 

13.47

   

Mdr

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

16.8512

 

21.1688

 

0.80

 

24.05

   

36.16

   

1.00

   

Mst

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 

36.16

   

Mdr

0.0000

   

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

29.9104

 

22.6809

 

1.32

 

26.20

   

90.01

   

1.60

   

Mst

0.2586

   

1.5588

 

0.17

 

11.00

   

0.12

 

90.22

   

Mdr

0.2303

   

1.5180

 

0.15

 

10.83

   

0.10

 
   

m

40.9513

 

22.6809

 

1.81

 

27.64

 

152.10

   

2.10

   

Mst

1.5867

   

4.0818

 

0.39

 

12.71

   

1.26

 

167.93

   

Mdr

15.4194

 

30.4980

 

0.51

 

13.29

   

14.57

 
 

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD PROFIL 7

 
 

2.6

2.4

2.4

2.2

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

 

0.2

0

 

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

 

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

 

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

 
 

Qc=

 

159

[m 3 /s]

 

NIVEL APA

 

2.05

[m] Cota nivel apa in regim liber

 
 

Cota talveg 452.57

 

454.62

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 6 AVAL POD (Calcul nivel apa in albie minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009687 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

 

A

 

P

 

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

 

Q

 

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

 

m/M

 

2 ]

 

[m]

   

[m]

   

0.5 /s]

   

3 /s]

   

3 /s]

[m]

   

[m

 

[m

 

[m

[m

   

m

2.1599

14.4132

 

0.15

 

18.11

   

1.49

   

0.30

   

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 

1.49

   

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

7.2507

17.7312

 

0.41

 

21.47

   

9.80

   

0.60

   

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 

9.80

   

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

14.3333

18.5359

 

0.77

 

23.93

   

29.69

   

1.00

   

Mst

0.0345

0.5470

 

0.06

 

9.33

   

0.01

 

29.69

   

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

 

0.00

 

0.00

   

0.00

 
   

m

25.0720

18.5474

 

1.35

 

26.31

   

75.50

   

1.60

   

Mst

1.0893

3.1004

 

0.35

 

12.49

   

0.79

 

76.67

   

Mdr

0.6042

2.1315

 

0.28

 

12.05

   

0.38

 
   

m

35.8107

18.5474

 

1.93

 

27.96

 

136.93

   

2.20

   

Mst

3.8988

6.4932

 

0.60

 

13.69

   

4.07

 

163.84

   

Mdr

24.2258

46.9329

 

0.52

 

13.34

   

22.85

 
 

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD PROFIL 6

 
 

2.4

2.2

2.2

2

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

 

0.2

0

 

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

 

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

 
 

Qc=

 

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

 

2.18

[m] Cota nivel apa in regim liber 455.05

 

Cota talveg 452.87

 

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 5 - AVAL POD (Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.005878 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

Q

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

m/M

 

2 ]

[m]

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

 

3 /s]

 

3 /s]

[m]

[m

[m

[m

[m

 

m

2.2970

9.2504

0.25

19.73

1.73

 

0.50

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.73

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

11.0284

18.8095

0.59

22.83

14.78

 

1.10

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

14.78

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

22.9223

21.4592

1.07

25.28

45.92

 

1.70

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

45.92

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

35.6614

22.7919

1.56

26.98

92.26

 

2.30

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

92.27

Mdr

0.0491

0.6342

0.08

9.66

0.01

 

m

50.8854

23.0932

2.20

28.59

165.59

 

3.00

Mst

0.4432

1.9810

0.22

11.57

0.19

166.68

Mdr

1.4183

3.4086

0.42

12.86

0.90

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD PROFIL 5

3.2 3 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4
3.2
3
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

Qc=

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

2.94

[m]

 

Cota talveg

452.42

Cota nivel apa in regim liber

455.36

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 4 - AX POD (Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.010409 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

Q

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

m/M

 

2 ]

[m]

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

 

3 /s]

 

3 /s]

[m]

[m

[m

[m

[m

 

m

2.4574

12.3150

0.20

19.01

2.13

 

0.40

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

2.13

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

8.7760

17.0991

0.51

22.32

14.32

 

0.80

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

14.32

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

17.2544

17.9312

0.96

24.84

42.89

 

1.30

Mst

0.0692

0.7531

0.09

9.95

0.02

42.91

Mdr

0.0118

0.3433

0.03

8.42

0.00

 

m

29.2127

17.9312

1.63

27.16

103.33

 

2.00

Mst

1.5189

3.5275

0.43

12.93

1.32

105.77

Mdr

1.4232

3.7759

0.38

12.64

1.13

 

m

37.7543

17.9312

2.11

28.37

158.58

 

2.50

Mst

3.8670

6.1679

0.63

13.79

4.31

167.18

Mdr

3.8715

6.2277

0.62

13.77

4.29

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AX POD PROFIL 4

2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

Qc=

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

Cota talveg 453.48

2.44

[m] Cota nivel apa in regim liber 455.92

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 3 - AMONTE POD (Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009758 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

Q

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

m/M

 

2 ]

[m]

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

 

3 /s]

 

3 /s]

[m]

[m

[m

[m

[m

 

m

3.6463

15.2050

0.24

19.61

3.46

 

0.40

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

3.46

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

9.9088

16.5160

0.60

22.92

17.38

 

0.80

Mst

0.0681

1.1317

0.06

9.26

0.02

17.39

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

18.4907

18.9919

0.97

24.89

44.85

 

1.30

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

44.85

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

32.4209

21.3844

1.52

26.83

105.81

 

2.00

Mst

0.2833

1.5390

0.18

11.19

0.13

105.98

Mdr

0.1103

1.0263

0.11

10.22

0.04

 

m

42.7277

21.3844

2.00

28.12

167.78

 

2.50

Mst

6.3600

26.5284

0.24

11.71

3.60

172.25

Mdr

1.1810

3.3587

0.35

12.50

0.86

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD PROFIL 3

2.6 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

Qc=

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

Cota talveg 453.96

2.42

[m] Cota nivel apa in regim liber 456.38

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 2 - AMONTE POD (Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009129 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

Q

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

m/M

 

2 ]

[m]

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

 

3 /s]

 

3 /s]

[m]

[m

[m

[m

[m

 

m

4.3432

15.9566

0.27

20.04

4.34

 

0.40

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

4.34

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

10.7712

16.9816

0.63

23.14

18.96

 

0.80

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

18.96

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

19.0538

17.4128

1.09

25.39

48.34

 

1.30

Mst

0.1989

1.2184

0.16

10.97

0.08

48.50

Mdr

0.1892

1.2253

0.15

10.86

0.08

 

m

30.6773

17.4128

1.76

27.53

107.09

 

2.00

Mst

2.0004

4.2001

0.48

13.16

1.74

110.53

Mdr

1.9227

3.9055

0.49

13.23

1.71

 

m

38.1496

17.4128

2.19

28.57

154.12

 

2.45

Mst

7.3288

19.2291

0.38

12.67

5.48

164.10

Mdr

4.0346

5.8059

0.69

14.03

4.51

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD PROFIL 2

2.6 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

Qc=

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

2.42

[m]

 

Cota talveg

454.44

Cota nivel apa in regim liber

456.86

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 1 - AMONTE POD (Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)

Panta hidraulica, i = 0.007985 Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040

Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067

h

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)×R 1/6

Q

Q TOTAL

Nivel apa

m/M

 

2 ]

[m]

[m]

 

0.5 /s]

 

3 /s]

 

3 /s]

[m]

[m

[m

[m

[m

 

m

2.9462

14.7549

0.20

19.01

2.24

 

0.40

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

2.24

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

9.6486

17.7136

0.54

22.55

14.35

 

0.80

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

14.35

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

18.7934

19.6178

0.96

24.82

40.79

 

1.30

Mst

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

40.79

Mdr

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.00

0.00

 

m

32.5560

20.5358

1.59

27.04

99.03

 

2.00

Mst

0.1794

1.3560

0.13

10.58

0.06

99.52

Mdr

0.7213

2.4423

0.30

12.13

0.42

 

m

43.4745

20.5358

2.12

28.40

160.53

 

2.55

Mst

1.7045

4.5115

0.38

12.65

1.18

164.10

Mdr

2.8701

5.8115

0.49

13.24

2.39

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD PROFIL 1

2.6 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

Debit total, Q TOTAL [m 3 /s]

Qc=

159

[m 3 /s]

NIVEL APA

2.51

[m]

 

Cota talveg

454.77

Cota nivel apa in regim liber

457.28

2. Determinarea caracteristicilor de curgere a apelor in regim liber

Nivelurile in regim natural sunt determinate corect daca debitul scurs nu prezinta o

abatere mai mare de +5% sau -2% fata de debitul dat.

Q 5% = 159 m 3 /s 0.98% din Q 5% =155.82 m 3 /s 1.05% din Q 5% =166.95 m 3 /s

h

panta

Albie

A

P

R

C=(1/n)xR 1/6

v

Q

Q

TOTAL

Nivel apa

[%]

m/M

[m

2 ]

[m]

[m]

[m

0,5 /s]

[m/s]

[m

3 /s]

[m

3 /s]

[m]

Profil 1

 

m

42.68

20.54

2.08

28.31

3.65

155.66

 

Amonte pod

0.7985

Mst

1.53

4.25

0.36

12.55

0.67

1.03

158.84

427.28

Mdr

2.65

5.55

0.48

13.16

0.81

2.15

Profil 2

 

m

37.35

17.41

2.16

28.50

4.00

150.77

 

Amonte pod

0.9129

Mst

6.76

19.08

0.35

12.51

0.71

4.81

159.85

456.86

Mdr

3.87

5.68

0.68

13.98

1.10

4.26

Profil 3

 

m

41.08

21.38

1.92

27.93

3.82

157.11

 

Amonte pod

0.9758

Mst

4.33

24.54

0.18

11.11

0.46

1.99

159.73

456.38

Mdr

0.93

2.99

0.31

12.25

0.68

0.63

Profil 4

 

m

36.73

17.93

2.05

28.24

4.12

151.46

 

Ax pod

1.0409

Mst

3.52

5.85

0.60

13.69

1.08

3.81

159.04

455.92

Mdr

3.51

5.93

0.59

13.65

1.07

3.77

Profil 5

 

m

49.58

23.09

2.15

28.47

3.20

158.55

 

Aval pod

0.5878

Mst

0.34

1.72

0.19

11.30

0.38

0.13

159.42

455.36

Mdr

1.23

3.17

0.39

12.70

0.61

0.74

Profil 6

 

m

35.45

18.55

1.91

27.91

3.80

134.65

 

Aval pod

0.9687

Mst

3.77

6.38

0.59

13.65

1.03

3.90

160.01

455.05

Mdr

23.29

46.72

0.50

13.26

0.92

21.47

Profil 7

 

m

39.85

22.68

1.76

27.51

3.65

145.32

 

Aval pod

1.0000

Mst

1.40

3.69

0.38

12.65

0.78

1.09

158.73

454.62

Mdr

13.91

30.27

0.46

13.08

0.89

12.33

Rezulta

Nivel

pod

= 4 55 . 92

3. Verificarea luminii podului L:

Se propune un pod cu o deschidere L = 22.50m.

o

A Mps = 2.6458 m 2

A Mpd = 2.5131 m 2

o

h Mps = 1.00 m

h Mpd = 0.95 m

Se verifica lungimea aleasa cu relatia:

L =

verifica

B +

m

A

Mps

+

A

Mpd

2.6458

+

2.5131

= 17.08 +

h

Mps

h

Mpd

1.00

0.95

=

22.37

m

Lungimea

aleasa

se

- lumina totala L =22.50m

o

V mL = 4.12 m/s L=22.50m => ε = 0.93 (conform tabel 6.1)

o

μ = ε = 0.93

Pentru determinarea coeficientului de afuiere se foloseste relatia:

Q = 159.00 m 3 /s

Q m = 151.46 m 3 /s

A Mps = 2.6458 m 2

A Mpd = 2.5131 m 2

4.12 m/s

v Mps = 1.08 m/s

v Mpd = 1.07 m/s

v m

=

A

Mps

=

 

Q

μ

m

Q

m

E

 

v

Ms

+

v

m

(

μ

m

E

1)

A

Mpd

v

m

(

μ

m

E

1)

+

v

Md

v

m

(

μ

m

E

1)

+

v

Ms

E=1.0877 < E lim =1.4 (condiţia de verificare (cf art 42 punctul 3 din Normativ

PD 95-2002) pentru evitarea unor constructii de aparare sau dirijare.

4. Calculul afuierilor

4.1. Calculul afuierilor generale

E

=

v mp

v mL

v

mp

=

E v

mL

v

mp

= 1 . 0877 4 . 12 4 . 48 /

m s

h

af

v

v

mp

mL

=

v

mp

h

=

4

. 48

v

mL

4

. 12

2

. 44 1 . 0877 2 . 44

=

=

2 . 65

m

viteza medie a apei in albia minora in sectiunea podului

viteza medie in regim natural in albia minora

h adancimea apei intr-un punct al sectiunii de scurgere, inainte de afuiere

af

max =

g

h

af

− =

h

2 . 65 2 . 44

=

0 . 21

m

4.2. Calculul afuierilor locale

Conform “ Studiului geotehnic privind proiectul: Pod peste Raul Targului, Sat

Lazaresti Punctul Oceni, comuna Schitu Golesti, judetul Arges” raul targului curge pe

marna deci teoretic nu se produc afuieri. Pentru calcul vom considera pamantul care

constituie patul albiei conform Normativ PD 95-2002 este Argila cu compactitate mare

Adancimea medie a apei este h med = 2.00m => v a = 1.50m/s

Viteza medie a apei in dreptul culeei => v=1.08m/s

af

l

=

2

. 42

k

f

k

α

b

2

⎞ ⎟ ⎛ ⎜ v

a

2

1 / 3

cand v<v a ,

v

⎝ ⎜

b latimea pilei la nivelul patului albiei; pentru afuieri locale la culei b = 1.00m

v

a

g b

1

k

f coeficient care tine seama de forma culeei in sectiune transversala

( conform Fig. 6.IV)

k

f

= 1.25

k

α coeficient care tine seama de unghiul de incidenta al curentului pe pila

(conform Fig. 6.V.) =>

k

α

= 1.00

g acceleratia gravitationala 9.81 m/s

af

l

=

2.42 1.25 1 .00 1.00 ⋅ ⎜ ⎛ 2 1.08

1.50

1

⎞ ⎟

1.5

2

9.81 1.00

4.3 Afuierile totale

af

tot

=

af

g

+

af

l

= 0.21 + 0.81 = 1.02

m

1 / 3

=

0.81 m

5. Calculul suprainaltarilor de nivel (remuu)

Calculul al suprainaltarilor de nivel (remuu) se face cu relatia:

Δ =

z

v

mp

2

v

m

2

4.48

2

4.12

2

=

2 g

2 9.81

= 0.16 m

Lungimea pe care se intinde suprainaltarea de nivel se determina aproximativ si

acoperitor cu formula:

L =

z

2

⋅Δ

z

2 0.16 =

=

i 0.009758

32.80

m

i – panta suprafetei libere a apei, corespunzatoare debitului pentru care s-a calculat

suprainaltarea Dz.

6. Determinarea cotei minime a intradosului suprastructurii

Nivel

pod

= 455.92

Rezulta inaltimea libera sub pod = 457.02 – 455.92 = 1.10 m. ( valoarea minima prevazuta in normativul PD 95-2002, pentru poduri (constructii definitive) peste cursuri de apa cu debite Qc<1000m 3 /s cu plutitori 1.00m).

Intocmit Ing. D. Maiorean