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DIMENSIONAREA HIDRAULICA A PODULUI

Calculele hidraulice au fost intocmite in conformitate cu Normativul


privind proiectarea hidraulica a podurilor si podetelor, indicativ PD 95-2002.
1. Determinarea nivelurilor in regim natural de curgere pentru debitul de calcul cu
asigurarea de 5 %
PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 7 - AVAL POD
(Calcul nivel apa in albie minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.010000
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

3.4965
0.0000
0.0000
8.9296
0.0000
0.0000
16.8512
0.0000
0.0000
29.9104
0.2586
0.2303
40.9513
1.5867
15.4194

17.4590
0.0000
0.0000
18.9757
0.0000
0.0000
21.1688
0.0000
0.0000
22.6809
1.5588
1.5180
22.6809
4.0818
30.4980

0.20
0.00
0.00
0.47
0.00
0.00
0.80
0.00
0.00
1.32
0.17
0.15
1.81
0.39
0.51

0.30

0.60

1.00

1.60

2.10

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

19.02
0.00
0.00
21.99
0.00
0.00
24.05
0.00
0.00
26.20
11.00
10.83
27.64
12.71
13.29

2.98
0.00
0.00
13.47
0.00
0.00
36.16
0.00
0.00
90.01
0.12
0.10
152.10
1.26
14.57

C=(1/n)R

2.98

13.47

36.16

90.22

167.93

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD


PROFIL 7
2.6

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 452.57

2.05

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 454.62

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 6 AVAL POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albie minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009687
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

2.1599
0.0000
0.0000
7.2507
0.0000
0.0000
14.3333
0.0345
0.0000
25.0720
1.0893
0.6042
35.8107
3.8988
24.2258

14.4132
0.0000
0.0000
17.7312
0.0000
0.0000
18.5359
0.5470
0.0000
18.5474
3.1004
2.1315
18.5474
6.4932
46.9329

0.15
0.00
0.00
0.41
0.00
0.00
0.77
0.06
0.00
1.35
0.35
0.28
1.93
0.60
0.52

0.30

0.60

1.00

1.60

2.20

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

18.11
0.00
0.00
21.47
0.00
0.00
23.93
9.33
0.00
26.31
12.49
12.05
27.96
13.69
13.34

1.49
0.00
0.00
9.80
0.00
0.00
29.69
0.01
0.00
75.50
0.79
0.38
136.93
4.07
22.85

C=(1/n)R

1.49

9.80

29.69

76.67

163.84

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD


PROFIL 6
2.4

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 452.87

2.18

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 455.05

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 5 - AVAL POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.005878
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

2.2970
0.0000
0.0000
11.0284
0.0000
0.0000
22.9223
0.0000
0.0000
35.6614
0.0000
0.0491
50.8854
0.4432
1.4183

9.2504
0.0000
0.0000
18.8095
0.0000
0.0000
21.4592
0.0000
0.0000
22.7919
0.0000
0.6342
23.0932
1.9810
3.4086

0.25
0.00
0.00
0.59
0.00
0.00
1.07
0.00
0.00
1.56
0.00
0.08
2.20
0.22
0.42

0.50

1.10

1.70

2.30

3.00

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

19.73
0.00
0.00
22.83
0.00
0.00
25.28
0.00
0.00
26.98
0.00
9.66
28.59
11.57
12.86

1.73
0.00
0.00
14.78
0.00
0.00
45.92
0.00
0.00
92.26
0.00
0.01
165.59
0.19
0.90

C=(1/n)R

1.73

14.78

45.92

92.27

166.68

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AVAL POD


PROFIL 5
3.2
3

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.8
2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 452.42

2.94

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 455.36

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 4 - AX POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.010409
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

2.4574
0.0000
0.0000
8.7760
0.0000
0.0000
17.2544
0.0692
0.0118
29.2127
1.5189
1.4232
37.7543
3.8670
3.8715

12.3150
0.0000
0.0000
17.0991
0.0000
0.0000
17.9312
0.7531
0.3433
17.9312
3.5275
3.7759
17.9312
6.1679
6.2277

0.20
0.00
0.00
0.51
0.00
0.00
0.96
0.09
0.03
1.63
0.43
0.38
2.11
0.63
0.62

0.40

0.80

1.30

2.00

2.50

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

19.01
0.00
0.00
22.32
0.00
0.00
24.84
9.95
8.42
27.16
12.93
12.64
28.37
13.79
13.77

2.13
0.00
0.00
14.32
0.00
0.00
42.89
0.02
0.00
103.33
1.32
1.13
158.58
4.31
4.29

C=(1/n)R

2.13

14.32

42.91

105.77

167.18

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AX POD


PROFIL 4
2.8
2.6

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 453.48

2.44

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 455.92

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 3 - AMONTE POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009758
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

3.6463
0.0000
0.0000
9.9088
0.0681
0.0000
18.4907
0.0000
0.0000
32.4209
0.2833
0.1103
42.7277
6.3600
1.1810

15.2050
0.0000
0.0000
16.5160
1.1317
0.0000
18.9919
0.0000
0.0000
21.3844
1.5390
1.0263
21.3844
26.5284
3.3587

0.24
0.00
0.00
0.60
0.06
0.00
0.97
0.00
0.00
1.52
0.18
0.11
2.00
0.24
0.35

0.40

0.80

1.30

2.00

2.50

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

19.61
0.00
0.00
22.92
9.26
0.00
24.89
0.00
0.00
26.83
11.19
10.22
28.12
11.71
12.50

3.46
0.00
0.00
17.38
0.02
0.00
44.85
0.00
0.00
105.81
0.13
0.04
167.78
3.60
0.86

C=(1/n)R

3.46

17.39

44.85

105.98

172.25

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD


PROFIL 3
2.6
2.4

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 453.96

2.42

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 456.38

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 2 - AMONTE POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.009129
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

4.3432
0.0000
0.0000
10.7712
0.0000
0.0000
19.0538
0.1989
0.1892
30.6773
2.0004
1.9227
38.1496
7.3288
4.0346

15.9566
0.0000
0.0000
16.9816
0.0000
0.0000
17.4128
1.2184
1.2253
17.4128
4.2001
3.9055
17.4128
19.2291
5.8059

0.27
0.00
0.00
0.63
0.00
0.00
1.09
0.16
0.15
1.76
0.48
0.49
2.19
0.38
0.69

0.40

0.80

1.30

2.00

2.45

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

20.04
0.00
0.00
23.14
0.00
0.00
25.39
10.97
10.86
27.53
13.16
13.23
28.57
12.67
14.03

4.34
0.00
0.00
18.96
0.00
0.00
48.34
0.08
0.08
107.09
1.74
1.71
154.12
5.48
4.51

C=(1/n)R

4.34

18.96

48.50

110.53

164.10

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD


PROFIL 2
2.6
2.4

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 454.44

2.42

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 456.86

PROFIL TRANSVERSAL 1 - AMONTE POD


(Calcul nivel apa in albia minora si majora in regim liber)
Panta hidraulica, i = 0.007985
Coeficient de rugozitate albie minora, n m = 0.040
Coeficient de rugozitate albie majora, n M = 0.067
h

Albie

Nivel apa
[m]

m/M

[m2]

[m]

[m]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

2.9462
0.0000
0.0000
9.6486
0.0000
0.0000
18.7934
0.0000
0.0000
32.5560
0.1794
0.7213
43.4745
1.7045
2.8701

14.7549
0.0000
0.0000
17.7136
0.0000
0.0000
19.6178
0.0000
0.0000
20.5358
1.3560
2.4423
20.5358
4.5115
5.8115

0.20
0.00
0.00
0.54
0.00
0.00
0.96
0.00
0.00
1.59
0.13
0.30
2.12
0.38
0.49

0.40

0.80

1.30

2.00

2.55

1/6

Q TOTAL

[m0.5/s]

[m3/s]

[m3/s]

19.01
0.00
0.00
22.55
0.00
0.00
24.82
0.00
0.00
27.04
10.58
12.13
28.40
12.65
13.24

2.24
0.00
0.00
14.35
0.00
0.00
40.79
0.00
0.00
99.03
0.06
0.42
160.53
1.18
2.39

C=(1/n)R

2.24

14.35

40.79

99.52

164.10

CHEIE LIMNIMETRICA AMONTE POD


PROFIL 1
2.6
2.4

Cota suprafata libera apa [m]

2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

Debit total, QTOTAL[m3/s]

Qc=

159

[m3/s]
NIVEL APA
Cota talveg 454.77

2.51

[m]
Cota nivel apa in regim liber 457.28

2. Determinarea caracteristicilor de curgere a apelor in regim liber


Nivelurile in regim natural sunt determinate corect daca debitul scurs nu prezinta o
abatere mai mare de +5% sau -2% fata de debitul dat.
Q5%= 159 m3/s 0.98% din Q5%=155.82 m3/s
1.05% din Q5%=166.95 m3/s

panta

Nivel apa
[m]
Profil 1
Amonte pod
427.28
Profil 2
Amonte pod
456.86
Profil 3
Amonte pod
456.38
Profil 4
Ax pod
455.92
Profil 5
Aval pod
455.36
Profil 6
Aval pod
455.05
Profil 7
Aval pod
454.62

Albie

[%]
0.7985
0.9129
0.9758
1.0409
0.5878
0.9687
1.0000

Rezulta Nivel

C=(1/n)xR1/6
0,5

QTOTAL

[m3/s]

m/M

[m ]

[m]

[m]

[m /s]

[m/s]

[m /s]

m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr
m
Mst
Mdr

42.68
1.53
2.65
37.35
6.76
3.87
41.08
4.33
0.93
36.73
3.52
3.51
49.58
0.34
1.23
35.45
3.77
23.29
39.85
1.40
13.91

20.54
4.25
5.55
17.41
19.08
5.68
21.38
24.54
2.99
17.93
5.85
5.93
23.09
1.72
3.17
18.55
6.38
46.72
22.68
3.69
30.27

2.08
0.36
0.48
2.16
0.35
0.68
1.92
0.18
0.31
2.05
0.60
0.59
2.15
0.19
0.39
1.91
0.59
0.50
1.76
0.38
0.46

28.31
12.55
13.16
28.50
12.51
13.98
27.93
11.11
12.25
28.24
13.69
13.65
28.47
11.30
12.70
27.91
13.65
13.26
27.51
12.65
13.08

3.65
0.67
0.81
4.00
0.71
1.10
3.82
0.46
0.68
4.12
1.08
1.07
3.20
0.38
0.61
3.80
1.03
0.92
3.65
0.78
0.89

155.66
1.03
2.15
150.77
4.81
4.26
157.11
1.99
0.63
151.46
3.81
3.77
158.55
0.13
0.74
134.65
3.90
21.47
145.32
1.09
12.33

pod

158.84
159.85
159.73
159.04
159.42
160.01
158.73

= 455.92

3. Verificarea luminii podului L:


Se propune un pod cu o deschidere L = 22.50m.
o AMps = 2.6458 m2

AMpd = 2.5131 m2

o hMps = 1.00 m

hMpd = 0.95 m

Se verifica lungimea aleasa cu relatia:

L = Bm +
verifica

AMps
hMps

AMpd
hMpd

= 17.08 +

2.6458 2.5131
+
= 22.37m
1.00
0.95

Lungimea

aleasa

se

- lumina totala L =22.50m


o VmL = 4.12 m/s L=22.50m => = 0.93 (conform tabel 6.1)

= = 0.93

Pentru determinarea coeficientului de afuiere se foloseste relatia:


Q = 159.00 m3/s
Qm = 151.46 m3/s vm = 4.12 m/s
AMps = 2.6458 m2

vMps = 1.08 m/s

AMpd = 2.5131 m2

vMpd = 1.07 m/s

AMps =

Q m Qm E
v ( m E 1) + vMd
AMpd m
vMs + vm ( m E 1)
vm ( m E 1) + vMs

E=1.0877 < E lim =1.4 (condiia de verificare (cf art 42 punctul 3 din Normativ
PD 95-2002) pentru evitarea unor constructii de aparare sau dirijare.

4. Calculul afuierilor
4.1. Calculul afuierilor generale
E=

vmp

vmp = E vmL vmp = 1.0877 4.12 4.48m / s


vmL
v
4.48
haf = mp h =
2.44 = 1.0877 2.44 = 2.65m
vmL
4.12
v mp viteza medie a apei in albia minora in sectiunea podului

v mL viteza medie in regim natural in albia minora


h adancimea apei intr-un punct al sectiunii de scurgere, inainte de afuiere
af gmax = haf h = 2.65 2.44 = 0.21m

4.2. Calculul afuierilor locale


Conform Studiului geotehnic privind proiectul: Pod peste Raul Targului, Sat
Lazaresti Punctul Oceni, comuna Schitu Golesti, judetul Arges raul targului curge pe
marna deci teoretic nu se produc afuieri. Pentru calcul vom considera pamantul care
constituie patul albiei conform Normativ PD 95-2002 este Argila cu compactitate mare

g=1.8 t/m3.

Adancimea medie a apei este hmed = 2.00m => va = 1.50m/s


Viteza medie a apei in dreptul culeei => v=1.08m/s
1/ 3

2 v va 2

cand v<va , af l = 2.42 k f k b


1

v
g

b
a

b latimea pilei la nivelul patului albiei; pentru afuieri locale la culei b = 1.00m

k f coeficient care tine seama de forma culeei in sectiune transversala


( conform Fig. 6.IV) k f = 1.25

k coeficient care tine seama de unghiul de incidenta al curentului pe pila


(conform Fig. 6.V.) => k = 1.00

g acceleratia gravitationala 9.81 m/s


1/ 3

2 1.08 1.5

af l = 2.42 1.25 1.00 1.00


1
1.50
9.81 1.00

= 0.81m

4.3 Afuierile totale

af tot = af g + af l = 0.21 + 0.81 = 1.02m

5. Calculul suprainaltarilor de nivel (remuu)


Calculul al suprainaltarilor de nivel (remuu) se face cu relatia:

vmp vm
2

z =

2 g

4.482 4.12 2
= 0.16m
2 9.81

Lungimea pe care se intinde suprainaltarea de nivel se determina aproximativ si


acoperitor cu formula:

Lz =

2 z
2 0.16
=
= 32.80m
i
0.009758

i panta suprafetei libere a apei, corespunzatoare debitului pentru care s-a calculat
suprainaltarea Dz.

6. Determinarea cotei minime a intradosului suprastructurii

Nivel pod = 455.92


Rezulta inaltimea libera sub pod = 457.02 455.92 = 1.10 m.
( valoarea minima prevazuta in normativul PD 95-2002, pentru poduri (constructii
definitive) peste cursuri de apa cu debite Qc<1000m3/s cu plutitori 1.00m).

Intocmit
Ing. D. Maiorean