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Subject:

Reference:

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Enclosure :

1.

TORPEDO SF:tADRON

C/O Flee$

SE;BIEMTEEM

Office

Sza Fr~ncisco,C~1iforni.a

27 June 1945

The, Commandfng Officer.

The Officer of Naval Operations, Aviation History Unit

fo~-33-J-6),,

Commander, Carrier Air Group SEXZHTEEN. '

SQUADRON lifSTORY,

transnittal of,

(a) Aviation Circular Letter No. 74-44, OP-334-64~J,

serial 356333, dated 25 July 1944, (b) Nanual. far Historical Officers, .NavAer 00-?5Q-26, (0) Aviation circular Letter no. 23-45, oP-~~~T-~JEJ,

C

serial 89133 of 27 February 1945.

(d) OP1\1AV Letter OF-33-J-6-JEJ1 l.4 March 1945.

serial 118433, dated

.-

(A) HISTORY OF TORPEDO SQUADRON SEVENTEEH.

In accordance vJia references (a) through (dl, the HISTORY

of TOWEDO SQUADRON SEVEXTSEII is herewith submitted.

DATA on original VT-17

VT-17

Log

Roster of

Roster of Enlisted Men '

Personnel Losses Personnel Injured

Officers

Ships VT-17 T:as

Aboard

HLst0x-y Narrative

VT-17 Combaf Summary

F'age

Page

PcLge f+

1

2

Page 5

9

Page 10

Page 11

P'nga

Page 12

~~~endix

VT-17

Combat Calendar

Appendix

Principal VT-17 Strikes

Appendix

fIf

Pilots' Personul Achi~veaentl~

Appendix

.

IV

Shipping & Aircraft Uamnge Assessment

Appendix

v

Sorties Aboard fiOIU4ET

Appendix

VI

Donibs & Torpedoes Dropped on Enemy Tarlgets

Appendix

VTI

Ordnance Recgpitulation

Appendix

VIII

Awa~ds

hppendix

IX

Rescue

Appendix

X

ham

Appendix

XI

Engineering

Appendix

XI1

Comments By Commanding Officer

Appendix

XIXI

CAG-17 Tearbook

Enclosure A

Jan, 1, 1943

July 13, 1943 Sept. 26, 1943

Sept. 28, 1943

Oct, 2, 1943

Oct* 3, 1943

Oct. 1'7, 1943

Nov. 5, 1943

Nova 7, 1943

- Torpedo Sqmdron S

commissioned at NAS, Norfolk, Va,,

under ComAirLant, 5 au%boxity of Chief of Naval Operati6i-m.

- Assume& ship-based stdm aboard T3SS Bunker Hill.

- Arrived Sw Diego.

Cnme under authority of CodirPaco

-, - Left Sanr Diego far Pearl Harbor,

Arrived Pearl Harbor.

.

- Shore-based at Kaneohe, O&u.

- Deported Peas1 Hgrbor,

- Arrived Espiritu Gnnto Island,

- Underwe as pat% of Task Group 50,3 .

Nov. 11, 1943

Nov.

25, 1943

-

-

-

-

kubaul.

Kavieng.

KnvS~ng,

Kavieng.

Jag, 1, 1944

JESI. 4, 1944

Jan. 29, 1944

Feb, 1, 1944

Feb. 2, 1944

Feb.

16, 1944

Feb, 2.1, 1944

F'eb. 25, 19& I- Enroute to U,S, (~tTJ.S,S, BUNKER HILL at Pearl ~arbm)

a

- Kimajdein.

-

Enimetok.

- Enivretok.

-

Truk*

- Tinian.

March 10, 194

- Arrived NAG, Ahmedo,

on DSS ESSEX.

C-nding

Officer of VT-17 was Lieut.Comdr.

Frank Mb Ehltaker, $an' Diego,

CaZ*,

who wtls lust in a mid-air collision over EmiweLok. He was succeeded by Lieut. G .W ,Owens.

The purpose of the squadron since its orgin has been to operate as a torpedo

bomber carrier-based

squadron in Air Group SEVENTF38.

Note: A list of citations and awards for personnel in VT-17

from the tino of

commiss5oning until the squadron was re-formed 18 April 1944 is not avail*

able to this command.

That information could be obtained w$th current

rocords on hand would be inadequate and inaccurate. The same is true in

oonnection with no.rrsttive material of the squadron during the period from 1 January 1943 to 18 April 194.4, Conplgte records of the squadron during

that period were riot inherited by the, command which took over on 18 April

19Ua

Reformed NAS, Blameda

4-18-44

NAS Almda

1$-18-L&

to 5-29-r;lc

NARS tlontcrey

5-29-44

to 7-37-44

NAAS Monterey

,1-24-4&

to 8-14-44.

NAS Alaneda

8-14-44

to 8-16-44

USS Tzkanis Bq (~ulification)

8-16-4.4to 8-18-4.4,

NAS Alameda

8-18-44. to 8-27-44

NAAS Vernalis

8-27-44

to 8-31-A.4

IfAS Alameda

10-15-L& to 10-27-44

~Jifation)

10-27-4+ to 10-29-44.

Pearl Harbor

-

11-LO-/&

to 11-10-&4

- VSS iCtmberLcznd Sound

11-10-44

to 11-l2-#!&

NAS Hilo, Ilawaii

11-12-44. to l%-15-44

- Tramisport to Pearl,

12-15-.l+4to 12-161-4.4

Pearl Harbor

12-3.6-L&.

to 12-16-44

USS Nassau 12-7.4-411 to 12-28-k1+

- NAB A;gFzx28L,Guan

U4.8-4.4 to 1-28-45

- USS _Kzsaan Bas

1-28-45 to 1-29-45

- USS,Efornet (Ulithi)

2-1-45 to 2-10-45

-2-10-45 A-t Sea to 3-5-45-

At Sea

3-14-45

to 4-30-45

Lt.Cdr.

lilliam~Me Rornb~erger

- 610 First Street Coronado, California.

Lt , Charles D. Livengood

B,G*

Tov~oll-,myoming.

BOX 470

Lt, Henry E.

1127 N.25th,

Clark

Street

Billings.

Montana

Lt, Ra.gmond M.Roland, Sr.

16565 Kentfield Avenue

D~troit,Michigcn*

Lt, Richard C. Heed

16 34t.h Street

Des Xoines, Iowc,

Lt,( jg) . George A. Hill, Jr,

40 Eln Strect

Concord, Massachusetts,

Lt, ( j g) , iirnold C. Trmler 2012 Tiffin Road Oakland, Ctdifornia.

Lt.(jg). Francis M, Smith 305 S.15th. Street

Coeur dl Alene, Idzho .

Lt. (26). Iv?zi Ji.

P .O,Box

168

Beisel

Inglev~ood, Cnlif ornia.

Lt.( jg) . Ti'alter D. Niclsen

1523 N,NcCaddcn Place

Wollyr~ood, California.

~t.(j~). Hugh C.Johnson

201 E.

Lake Street

Kau-pacz, Vfisconsin.

ROSTER QF QFFICERS

I

Lt* Thomas C. Durkin

67'wallh st.

New Eork Ci'cy.,

M.Y.

Ltr Jams A,

T~w

200 Avucado Avenue

Sanford, Florida

Lt, Jahn A, Martin

5043 W.Adams

Chicago, Illinois

Lt, Steven G, Sullivan

Street

Rt.

Tulare, Califarnia

#2,

Box 234

Lt, John E, Murphy

217 Scenic Avenue, Nt.kllen Covington, Kentucky.

Lt, ( jg). William He Morrissey

314 Ev Arrellaga Street

Santa Barbara, California.

Lt,( jg) ,

Harlan We Foote

772 Poli Street, Apt. D.

Ventma,

California.

Lt.( jg). Thomas J. Coghlan

669 S,Poplar Avenue

Kardmkee, Illinois.

Lt.(jg), John S. Cooke

60 Douglas Rdud

Glen Ridge, Mew Jersey,

Lt.( jg) . Ke~lneth B .C , IvIcCubbins

Rt, #I, Box 135

Dallas, Oregon,

Lt,,(jg). Ralph V, Johnson

Benton City, Missouri.

'

~t.( jg) . Jules J. Bundgus

145 P!.55th

Street

New Bork, New York,

Lt.(jg) .John E. Strickland i<zfarsaw,North Carolina.

Ensign Harry D. Jones

1500 Fallowfield

Avenue,

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Ensign Harold J, Rogers

Box 94

l-ionners Ferry,

Idaho.

Apt.

Ensign Frederick B.

4487 Lnclsde

St,Louis, Missouri.

TscPiudin

F

Lt.( j g) . James F, ~ohaghan

18-11 14wray Street '

Whitestone, Long Islanil, New Pork.

Ensign Joseph Behl

442 E.Mt,

Airy Avenue

Philadelphia, PennsylvanSa.

Ensign Walter F.

Mieke1

428 N. "JIs Street

Dinuba,

E:nsign Robert S.

California,

Hanlon

1h625 Ii'orrer

Detroit,

Michigan,

RDSER OF l$l?LISTED MEN

AE;Z:\'S,

Ch;'rL;:s

N.,

23x2 Avenue "U1t

:abboc~, Texas.

h~hi2c(~)

BELT.,, t ern K ,, AC!J%(U) (T) Kouke #/1,Box 138

Reno : Ecvaaa -

BFGZOVSKY,

Phili.p S., 1iMtdlc

64.31N. Greemi~wAvenue

Chicago, 113.i~ois.

BARCUY, &add N., l.0~12c(T)

:L25 Massachusetts Avenue

Detroit, Michigan.

B~YRILL,James H., 2706 30th Street

Sheffield, klabam*

~mlc(T)

BRnUCH, Pslul

(n) ., ~0Mlc

1922 E. 22nd Street Wiohita, Kansas.

CANADA, Herm R., AW3c

Elbridge, Tennesse~.

ROSTER QF ENLISTED MEN

CHASE,

53 B Central Lone

N. Tonotra-ndn, New Tork.

LeRoy C.,

kTWc(T)

COLGIdBINI,

P.O.Box

C: stroville, Calif ormia .

r'illi: n (n),., Slc

434

CONSTANTINE, Pete (n) .

6924 Fulton Street

Sc-n Frnncisco,

BRN(3c

C~lifornia,

FEUHT,

Donsld R. , AO~C(T)

Hereford,

Colordao.

'

FITZGEIUU, Wed J., 2 Earl Avenue

San Jose,

Californin.

AMMlc(T)

PEIEZE,

4007 E.

Robert A.,

QRM~C(T)

Sixth Stxcet

Los LLngcles, Cclifornia.

GZZl);cSE,

T .#

JJ~>c'.I,

.,

Philip 7;. , AON.C(T)

~3.r~w.s.

tI127: Gilorge C., kHTlc

47

7

So'~.cn@Avenue

*- v l~lejiStream, New York.

NEEZINC, Iv~nJ., ACOM(M) (T)

340 :':: shingto I Strleet

St .A!a4nry1 s, IA~;lr,sylvnnia.

JENSEN,

Norf,ctn C,,

1IONIlcfT)

1048 Chicago Avenue

Oak P~rk,Illinois.

KEENER,

Rt .#l, Box 1-3 Scnger, California.

Frank Tb., AObI3c

CIPetINSKI, Frank (n)., kRM3c(T)

266 Tvsickenhcm

Los Angeles,

Celifornia.

COW, T/i3.lim E., ARBII3c

2209 Mctrylmd Avenue

St.Lo;uis,

Missouri,

CilOPP,

E.

Spokane, Wo shing ton,

Fred R.,

~~~42c(T)

18 Four*h Avenue

FIELD, Janes J., YlcfT)

4.43. So. Jefferson Dcvis Parkway

New Orleans, Louisiana.

FORBES,

3U6 9th.

Tnnpa, FSaridn.

FWCHS, Ernest P., AOA4lc

3023 Feasler Avenue

Ray D.,

~0Ml-c(T)

Avenue

Erie,

GEYEIZ,

2039 Ternon Avenue

Pemsylvania.

Sack L.,

AoM~~(T)

Pittsburgh,

Pennsylvania.

HELGESON, Helge L., AIWI3c

Box 259

, Nashua, Montma,

HILBERT,

Bruce M,,

126 N.L;th.

Street

6MN3c

Emmnus, PennSylv~.nin.

JONES, bbert J.,

Slc

2222 W.

Chicago,

KEFFER,

Cheswick, Pennsylvs-nia,

13th Street

Illinois.

Theodore (n)., AOMZC(T)

, ROSTER OF ,ENL;CSTEDMEN

I

KELLETTE, Brnlter B., .AC:EM(AA) (T)

1271 58th. livenue

KLUNDER,

d Denman Place

Robert "EN., kRNUc(T)

0:-.klc.nd,

Crlifornia,

 

(Zrr.pford, Mew 3ersey.

ilZiIldNT*UG,

Victor

(n) .,

AMul~2c(~)

IlUZUR,

Palter

(n) ., ACTV&I(T)

2505

Ump11rey Strzet

130 Hzle -Avenue

E.Elc~wst,, New

York.

!<!cFLiRLt:ND,Ccrl

1833 Vfnton Avenue

Portsrouth,

1 ., AftB13c:

Ohio.

{$rcoklyn, New York.

IVIEYEIZ, .Jack T., ~0M2c(T)

.3@ Logm 3oulcvxrd

~hltoona,Pennsylvnnia,

niULIJIS,

7'illim B.,

Slc

NELSON,

Glenn L,, iiRM3c

2,F-D.

$4

301 11th. Street

Senia, Ohio.

 

Sheldon, Iowa.

NICHOLSON,

Jnnes N.,

1iR~lc(T)

c,/2 Gsncral Delivery

h(?:?-ison,

Arktsns.

T-'!tl;:T<Ch, F~ankG.,

BTC~~(I~C(T)

_'.'/l?bj

3i)%h~~vunue

Sr~iFr: ccisco,

Zrilif ornia.

i1EDI:YISY j,

5827

I;-_?--

L

.;

:

I,

Joseph ;I.,

i.rtesfrn

'3 lioois.

i:R?~lc(T)

SCFNELL, Fl-q<,',~ick P., i\!,!.h'll2cfT)

301 hizil~~lI(-

'L- wi~e

IJ*>,;iscn,T;;isr'(i

Si!UTTLz OZE, Vrstnk (n).,11k8,43c 9627 Tr~.vcrse hv~nue Datroit, BIUchfg~^n.

NIEDZiICK,

225 S.Am Street B: ltimore, Mrrylnnd

T!-'codore

J., IZOM~~(T)

PODOM,

5619 Dcmen Avenue

Chiccgo, TlLinois.

P~'.ulG.,

AFQ~zc(T)

mlGEii,

Bobcrt E., AH4

'Ffauzekr, risconsin.

ROEUSON, Boy O., h.Md2c 3'74.0 Tcmick Blvd.

Kanscs Citjt,

Mo.

Si8&TOFiY, Joseph G., fiMIlc

$11 Mcade Avenue

Bellview, Fittsburgh,Penns$lviu1ia.

SENNETT, Tcltsr M,, l30k42c(T)

9121 Fr.Lcon Avenue Detrait, iliicillgnn.

t

SIMONS,

1271 Boswctrtl~S-trect

Prul E.,

BEA~~C(T)

San Frc nciscu,

Glif ornic

\

SMITH,

&OS@J

Blair N., ARR4I.c (T)

519 Notre Dane Avenue

Dayton, Ohio,

STRBVI,

Willian (n)., AOM~G(T)

176 E. 81st,, Street

New York,

THOMPSON,

Ne,w Yorg.

LeRoy S,, PB'LC(T)

1,528 WiIWnire Avenue S.R. Grand Rapids, Mi chigan,,

TOlWNER, Joseph Ec , ARM;?c(T)

1054 Winfield Avsnue Cincinnati, Ohio,

TTJLLY, Rillian L.,

7 I'.??.les Avenue

OPyphant, Pennsy1v8nial

XA1r,T3R, George H., ACRT(AA) (T)

Viillard, Colorado.

~~W2c(T)

YOGF;,

357 5 ( .i.;?.,;L. View Drive,

?-:<=~~~n~ipalis,Indiana.

Let vird R,,

ARh43c

OF.ENLISTED MEN

SPRING, Richard A,, ARM3c

&in st.,

Perry, Ohio,

-

STRIBLING, Sanuel C;, kWc(F)

127 N,Monsoe Avenue

\--

Arcadia, Floridai TIW, Carlo $3 , AFAM2u(T)

302

W.Buena rff sta

Highland Park, Michigh.

TWLD, Willian 04, ARIVI2c(T) l&-12 Coolidge Avenue

Jaaaica, Long Island, Hew Yark.

VERNON,

Mward F.,

Sr.,

ARN~~G(T)'

J.425 Thir4 Avenue Sou'bh

Denisan, Iowa.

~~TOOD,Jams C.,

h~wc{T)

Route #4, Box 1%

I Bessener, ~labBna*

Lieut. Thomas C, Durkin

Thorns J.

Cecil m, Stewart, AOWc

Tindall, ARRllLc

COMBAT

PERSONNEL LOSSES

#224 93 33

#657 16 21

67 Wall St,,

New Pork,

New Yosk,

540 E.Washington

106 N.12th

St.,

Trenton,

N.3.

Street, North Carolina.

Missing in Action following a strike on Kanoyn Airfield,

Kyush~i13 May 1945.

The plane! was last seen gliding toward

Kagoshina Bay. Radio transniasions fro^ Ltr hkin in- dicgted thnt enenly AA fire rendered the planets engine useless. Sone witnesses said thiey saw a plane crash on the shore of Kagoshima Bay, It was not established Cow- ever, that the plane was Lieut. Burkin's or that the crash had been fstal to the pilot or crew.

L-L : : r-:

Liz.--:,-! i

,

Tal.lmdge Eestaoreland

j*i , West, AOM3c

#733 71.81

'r'n',er+, il,, YbillFans, MM3c #828

01 17

2600 Piednont Aye.,

520 Grand Avenue, Hoquian,

2602 Russell Road, Portsnouth,

Berkeley Calif.,

Wash.

Ohio*

!!issing in Action fol3lowing the Kure Attack on 19 lh?ch

1.945. The plane was last seen in a glide over Kure KO

nil :

hettdod nclrthwest toward the beach.

heard a trnnsnission

Some of the VT

y-L7.nts had

-!a::? that his plane had been hit and that he ms going

fron Lt. ( jg) .Pu'estmorc-

r Tne plane was apparently still under control,

and

r.o~i:-d have nade a safe energency landing, if additipnal

AA fire'had not further disabled the plwe or wounded -212 pilot,

-*

*

*

Ens.

,--I 12 qn T,

ilobert A,

E:trreri,

Richard W. Gero,

Rooton

&hT!d3c

Ai3!.3e

#576 99 06

#225 44 19

1001 N.W. 16th Strret,Oklanoma City,

O'rcTahona.

44l5 Avenue R.,

46 Chetwood Terrace,

Galveston, Texas.

Fanwood,

N.J.

l<lissir,g in Action following an attack on a Jap Convoy in

thd East China Sea on 24 March 1945. ' Ensign Haoton's plane was lnst seen mking a torpedo attack on a nerchant vessel in the convoy. Two TBMts mere seen to crash during the

attack.

It i.s believed one of these was piloted by Ensign

Hooton. Subsequent searches of the area disclose no evidence

of ~urvivors. **

I

-

COMBAT

PERSONNEL LOSSES.

I

Ens, Leo OIBrien

Jacob Em fiicketson, M3c #893 25 05

James L.

Ophein,

dRN13c

#322 OB 89

Louisville,

719 N.Madison,

205 S.Hyland

Nebraska.

Douglas,

Ga.

St,,

Anes, Iowa.

l!!issing in A~tionfollowing an atta ck ~gainstthe Yanato in the East China Sea on 7 April 1945. The

plzne was last seen making a torpedo attzck on the

Ynnatots posl; bow.

was seen to :;plash in the planeJs vicinity. Subae- quent search showed no evidence of survivors.

AA fire was

intense,

~tn4u TBM

Rus:;eLI

L , IdiLler,

AOM3i:

#869 36 03

Ringle,

Wisconsin,

Miller died as a result of

j-llness cont,racted during nine days at sea in a life

~zft, The plane of which he aras gunner had an emer-

gcrLsy'mter landing about 150 niles northwest of Okin-

3cnd At Sea.

exposure and

CiTjcl.

Shim. on

21, Miirch

1945.

hlirie days later

the

three-

ran crew was picked up seventy miles south of Kyushu. tl;-~llerwas in a critical condj.tj.on when rescue on 2 A* ri 2. 1945. He died khe same day aboard the IJSS CHW-

'3 His body was renoved t;o Zamni Shim :in the

3.2:-stp%.Retto, cboul 20 niles west, of Okinawa, and was

b~

l.,'~ Jancs L Tc:w

xvith military honors.

PEXSONNEL IFIJIJRED

200 Avacado Ave,,

Sanford,

Fla.

Fzce and head cuts during the attack at Kure on 19 March

Lt.(jg),

19459

John E, S%ricl:land

Warsaw,

North Carolina

blinos 1-eft ?:rn injuries during the attack on Kure on 19 Xarch 19/c5.

Blair N. Snith, hRMlc(T)

#612 45 64

519 Notre Dane, Dayton,

Ohio.

Bead injurie,~during the attack on Kure on 19 March 1945.

USS TAKANIS BAY

USS RANGER

nss HOLLAN~

USS NASSAU

SHIPS VT-17

_IC_

WAS ABOARD

Qualifications

10-27-44 to 10-29-4.4

*

Transportation f ron

San Diego to Pearl Harbor

Trcnsportntion fron

Pearl Harbor to {Guam

Transportation fron Gwn t,o USS HOBNET

11-3-44

to ll-10--4

12-16-44 to 12-28-44

1-28-45

to 2-1-45

Coabat - Transportction to the United States 2-1-45

. 2:

'I:; :1k ?r.,railron v~3.sbased on board the above carriers as Torpedo

:,rl ,lcLr r ,r, SSiiEYTEEN of Air Group SEVENTEZN.

SECTION A

Section A of this narrative will cover the period fron the tine of

origin of VT-l'ii

(1 January 191+3)to the time of return of this unit

United States (10 March 194.4).

to tha

Unfortunately,

records of the squadron covering this period clre scant.

The re-forried

squadron comand is able to oonpile only inadequate hislorbical

data covering the above-nentioneld

period.

This report is being prepared at sea,.

a fat$

that adds to thrj linitation of

informtion sources insof~xas the

"originalw VT-17

is concerned.

Chronologic~~lr~torinlon the llc~rj.ginalnVT-17

squadron is contained

in the Ckronology of

this report,

however,

and lists the required date of origin,

r.T1s:a; ~f com~andingOfficers, novements of the unit and actions in which it engclgcf"i ~7r~rsonnellossesare, acain, not availzble to this cormand, except in

the in~~anci~of

Ldeut.Comdr.

Frank M. %hi.taker, San Diego,

who was the squadron

1 -:r:r,.;/-,

the original VT-17 was conmissioaed 2t NAS,

Norfolk,

was

trdi-it:2 on %ha Eaqt Coast,

took a shakerdown cruise to Trinidad,

and ultiwtely

-7-1- th;.ugh

d:e Panam Canrl aboard the USS BUNKER HILL for action in the

1's~:ifrt:, .

(Sea

C~I-'C~)I O~Y).

VT-1':

uvsl

if

.J-ganized as the torpedo bonbing squadron of

Carrier Air

Group 17, aiu -;.as

c:~,?r~l;,sionedunder the authority of

the Chief of Navsl Opera-

tions,

Tie sqaadrc-i mils u~derthe connand of ConA.irLnnt during its period on

the East Coast,

and wcs transferred to the /Connand of ConAirPac arhfle .in the

in the Pacific theater.

SECTION JJ

Section I3 of

this Histroical Data narrative of TORPEDO SQUADFDN SEW-

TEEN covers the period from 18 April 19&,

when the unit was re-forned.,

until

the squedrcn returned to the United States, after conbat, in July, 194.5.

*

*

3-

1.

General:

TORPEDO SQUADRON SEVENTESN was re-formed

18 April 194.4 at NAS, Afameda,

Calif o-ni-:L,

Lieut .Condr.

WiLlian. Melvin Rourberger,

36 S.llth, Street, Sunbury,

!?r"-~l~:jt~, f 7

~~rvet'as connanding off icex through training end conbat,

I

Vri'- 7 ~2.sorganized under the authority of the Chief of Naval Operations,

as tor'pcct~~?ciq:,lng squ~dronof

<~lri.ng-Lr 2; !'.,;;

,ad conbat has

Gsrrier Air Group SEVENTEEN.

Average conplemnt

been 27 pilots (reduced to 23 just before en-

? -7 .ny fro^ NUS, HILO and the co~zbatzone), three (A)L officers, one (A-T)

,-i

o

il~+~254 3. aircremmn (reduced to 46 when the pilot reduction was put into ef-

6, ,>q, ,

This

rigme inclucles one A(OM),one

ALCMM, one ACEM, one Ylc and 20 non-

flying enlistd personnel

TkLe duties of

the nonflyine, officers inckuded adninistmtion,

intelli-

gence,

radar md c:cinance,

and the duties of

the nolnflying enlisted personnel

included the

off ice work and aircraft mintenwee .

2.

NAS,

AIJARlEDA 18 April 194.4 to

29 May 1944:

This period was one of

squadron organization.

Departnents were set up,

and responsibilities assigned,

Ground S~:hool, division and section flying,

navigation,

aerial gunn~ery, and glide bonbing tactics aere emphasized,

During the period the squadron personnel becane "a~quainted,~'and ac-

quired the habit of working together as an efficient unit orghnization.

One pilot and .two ai:rcremen were lost during a training glide bonbing

attaok in San Francisco Bay,

The usual social functions mer heltd to secure tlie spirit and fellow-

ship of

the squadron,

j,

i'L"A3, !ifcnterey,

Cal.,

29 May 194.4to 1';'3uly 1944:

il

Thc squadron cane into :its prinaqr elenent dwing this ~erio'dlby con-

~entr:~.i.l&r'KA torpedo attacks and tactics.

Combat conditions were sinulated by

(7.114F3u:c 22

',c:r~ed surface targets

and destroyers in Monterey Bay.

Over-water

,l:i-igL:tion flights were extended to increrase the proficiency of VT-17 in the

,:se of instmerlts.

r :berger

and beca:ne

Squadron bonbing tncti.cs also were designed by Lieut.Co~dr,

squadron doctrine during this period along with new,

imd

prmer! syusdron to-~zdotactics

{:see Appendix

,131,

Squadron sl!;ght,

doctrinr: was practiced to insure efficient fornations

to and from i,bs 11rgz:

1rca~and to assure proper rendezvouses.

Sinu3ated searches were conducted,

and the squadron was instructed in

air-sea

rescue.

Squadron cross cowltry :flights gwe the divisions the "feel"

of

the mit in the air.

4. NAAS Vernalis,

Cal.,

17 July to 24 JiiLy, 194.4::

This was a period of

night landings and field landings,

rund additional

Landing Signal Officer training for all pi.lots,

especially those without previous

conbat experience.

The squadron

spent a wleek at Vernalis,

then returned to

Monterey and continued torpedo and bonbing training.

One 14 August the squadron

had returned to NAS,

Alaneda,

for inter-squadron

tactics anc! air group training.

5 '94s) Alaneda , 14 August 1944 to 2 No~reiber19f&:

This period covered air group tisc'tics and "attackst1, long range flights,

fn;cr-.~li~group trnining attacks,

carrier cqualifications on the USS Takanis Bay

an(]';I%

:'.fir

Ranger, rocket trainiqg at NUS Arcata,

Calif.,

3 and .'t ."Ei carrier landings at NAAS, Vernalis.

and additiona:L night

Brr:;mge~~entswere nade also with Arny officials at Caap Cooke,

Cel., to

s<

.$,

CT

,e

in c1o:;e

ciir support exercise witln ground unit$ at the canp.

TiJerither

'.l,tr:::.fcrred

miti the proposed plane,

hou~~iver,and the scene of close izir support.

-:rnl~ing for .Lk-.o F.J .,proup was changed to :Petalma Harsh, ans-area uboiut 30 niles

:

north

of

NRS, 131

mt?a,

!dobile

Cone'-5.'S Liinc

was devoted t,o this close air support training,

radio unit6 ?:re used by the air group ACI officers,

who acted as COJ-

nanders Air Support Control, Unit,, Pilots were assigned in divisions so .that each

pilot learned the nechanics of locating assigned targets from gridded nzlps or

photos and be cane iridoctrinated i,n pin pointed bombing, (The exheustive training proved fruitful during the cocsbat air support of lwo Jima and Okfnawa ,Shim),

Long range inter-air group attacks on target areas 250 miles from base

were nade during this period,

The squadron boarded the USS TllXANIS BY, 16 August for a two-day

qualification cruise, and qualified without incident or blowing out a tire, The

rocket training period at NAAS, ARCATA, wtts fron 2 October to 10 October. On 27

October the squadron, despite 'Bad meather, uoarp&eted its live-rocket syllabus. Crzrrier qualification laildings an3 take-offs were mda frob the US$ RANGER during

the period of 27 October to 29 0c.tober 19k&

After considerable "boxin' up,"' +;he squadron boarded a train, fron

ll?_rlctndto Sara Diego,

6

MAS,

HILO,

HAWAII,

where it enbarked oru the USS fiOLLANDfA for Pearl Harbor.

1;! Novervbcr 1944 to 1.6 Deceaber 1914:

VT-17, with o-t,hersquadron of the AIR GROUP were assigned NAS, HILO,

-:o:~.advanced base t::ili;;irrg

and air group tactics.

A portion of

the pilots flew

$.:r:~e:,fron Odm,

o-tJ,e:* pilots ant1 offseers ,were flown in transports, and soae

oi'ficers and enlistcd personnel were transported to HILO on the USS CUMBERLAND

SOUND,

- 16 -

HILO was the squadron's first brush with the seni-tropics and living

conditions at an advanced station (not havihg yet reached GUAM), Gunnery, sews-

ehes, inter island hops, squadron and air grou# Wctics, co-ordbated n2r group and inter-air group tactics and erinulated torpedo attacks on blue shipping were

included in .the training during

this period.

Living condlitions at HILO were' saf4sfactory.

The

officers' and mens dampness due to heavy

quarters were clear1 and smitary despite %he indigenous rainfall,

Pre-Dawn

sj-dated attacks c~nfriendly shipping 5n the Hawaiian area

wero valuable, if dangerous,

to VT-1.7 pilots during th9s perf oe,

Because of

widespread cloud cover a great portion of the time in this &re& during #8 win-

ter season, the pilota were able to utilize tbia iraportant conbat advarhage in

sinulated shipping attacks# HorisontaZ bombing tactics were perfected here,

The squadron left H'ILO 15 Deccanbex 194, went to Pew1 Hurbor on an

Inter-island steamer, the nnse of which is dj~fficultad happily forgotten*

13n 16 Decenber the USS NASS.AU left Pearl

Harbor with the squadron enroute to

7. NAB AGANA, GITAV, 2& Deccnber 19lU to 29 January 3,945:

GUM became i2~edintely nore kdvancedfl %an HLIX). The squadron officer:

and men lived in Quonset hu,ts, and cstle canned food, bathed in public and cold

water and washed their clqrthes in all. types of ingenious cont~ivcsnces~

Some refresher carries landing~~mere niade during this periodt and some dit~isiongunnery runs were mde.

One two-plane

strike was mde on ATrUIJAN, from GUAM during; khich VT-17'

s nconbnt bombingn was initiated,

(The crossroads of the by-passed

island's

village was hit).

After one nonth on GIJAM,

the air group ambarked for ULITHI on the USS

KASAM BAY,

arriving there 1 February 1945.

8, kboard the USS HORNET 1 February 1945 to 13 June 1945t

The HORNET sortied from ULITHI 10 February 1945 with Air Group SEVEN-

TEEN aboard.

Training exercises had been cont3ucted an a pre-operation shake-

down cruise &, 5, and 6 February,

and conti.nued on 11 and 12 February.

Pilots

vlere

briefed on the first

operation, "Toki~,~i on 13 and 14 and 15 February.

Tokio was a. big nane.

The war looked big artd important to TTT-17

at

this mor~ent, xnil

in the squadron ready rooms smiles passed rakishly and nerv-

8~uslybefore the f?.rst take offs.

VTts first target was HACHIJO Jim,

only

:n

island. very cLcc;c, to Japcm and Taki.0, but a test,

and unknown nevertheless.

The airfield, Lqr.~j7-1ltions and s13a3.lcraft in the harbor were hit, 16 Feb-

ruary.

The pi,bh rz-ie

bnck with

enthusiasm.

This was the squadron's first,

recl ~tt~ckon the enezy,

IF'ollowing this hop,

the sane day,

a ni.ssion was

NARMTIVl

sent over HAMAMATSU Airfield -- the Honshu homeland!

The AA was tldisappofnting,tt

St~afingby the squadron was rampant.

field installations and parked planes,

Extensive danagc was inflicted on the air-

For three days the Task Force haunted Monshu, VT hit other airfields

(TOYAHASHI

and KANOYA),

and CHICHI Jim', a hot spot of anti-aircraft,,

which tucked

in their confident ears sone~rhatbut hardly affectod their nggressi~reness.

The force steaned then for the primary operations objective, IWO Jima.

The squadron was told llTOKIOlf had been tfdiversionary," and a feint

to keep Enpire

aircraft aground watching the home fires burn while

the araphibious wits prepared

to take the little island in 1;he Volca,no Retto,

IWO was PETALW WdtSH in the real What the squadron had practiced 30

nilcs north of

AMDA,

they were repeating 650 ailes south of TOKLO,

Five sup-

port nissions were launched to support the IN0 ground forces,

and %he "welldonesfi

mere adequate paynent for the long hours on and over PETALUMA MARSH,

VT was given its fj.rst crack at Jap shipping iri MIYAK0 Hakuchi.

Search

disclosed two nerchantmen and a, DE there,

Five torpedo-bearing

TBNIts were launch-

ed 1 March 1945.

Three of

the pilots shared two hits on t?n SB, which ex2loded

spectacularly and sank,