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Here are some Exam I preview questions to assess your understanding of the material from chapters one and

two. I suggest that you dont work these problems until after you have studied a fair amount for the exam. Once you feel pretty confident that you understand the material go ahead and answer these questions, work them as if you were taking the exam, time yourself, then grade them honestly to see how youre doing. This preview is about the same length as the actual exam, although the exam has a bit more math work, so timing yourself will be helpful. I will send out the answers a little later in a separate document. These questions are not meant to be all inclusive in terms of what you should strive to learn, nor should they be considered a review sheet, but they do represent some of the type of problems you will see on the exam. The exam is 5 pages of problems so you should pace yourself at about one page every 10 minutes. Many of the questions can be answered in less than a minute. You might want to get as many points as you can on the easier, less mathematically involved problems, then work your way back to the harder problems. A total of 15 points will be on naming compounds from their formulas and writing formulas from their names. You cannot dawdle and expect to complete the exam. I will start it promptly at 10:00 a.m. so be on time, you know how parking can be, so be early! The tables at the end of this preview are what you will see on the exam as well as a B&W periodic table that has useful information, but does not have the names of the elements. I usually set up the exams so you can tear off the tables and such from the back of the exam for use during the exam. You will need to provide any scratch paper you use during the exam and youll need to turn those in with your exam. Dont forget your calculator, extra pencils, erasure, etc. No electronic devices (other than a calculator) are allowed, cell phones must be off and put away, everything else put away too, you know the drill. Dont forget your homework set 2 and quiz 1 are due on exam day, so to maximize your exam taking time, have those all ready to hand in when you come in the door, and then hand them in immediately.

CHM 151 General Chemistry Exam I Preview 1) What is the most likely temperature in Kelvin of an ice cube removed from your freezer? a) b) c) d) e) 0 oK 100 100 oK 273 K 273 oK

2) Water boils at what temperature on the Kelvin scale? a) b) c) d) e) 273 K 0K 273 K 300 K 373 K

3) A substance has a density of 0.80g/mL. A sample 40 mL in volume has a mass of? a) b) c) d) e) 0.20 g 3.2 g 5g 32 g 50 g

4) What is the density of a salt solution that has a mass of 22 g and a volume of 10 mL? a) b) c) d) e) 0.45 2.2 2.2 g/mL 4.5 g/mL 220 g/mL

5) If it takes exactly 500 seconds for light to reach Earth from the sun, how many miles away is the sun? (show all work, and express your answer in scientific notation to two to decimal places)

6) The density of osmium (the densest metal) is 22.57 g/cm3. What would you report the mass of a block of Osmium to be if the measured dimensions of the block were 5.00 cm x 4.00 cm x 2.50 cm? a) b) c) d) 1100 g 1129 g 1156 g 2.22 g

7) How many protons are there in the nucleus of a fluorine (F) atom? a) b) c) d) e) 7 9 10 19 26

8) How many electrons are there in a beryllium atom? a) b) c) d) e) 2 3 4 5 9

9) The number of protons in the nucleus of a Mg atom is a) b) c) d) 2 12 13 25

10) Which of the following elements is a metal? a) b) c) d) e) nitrogen fluorine argon strontium phosphorus

11) Which of the following elements is a noble gas? a) b) c) d) oxygen chlorine bromine argon

12) Which of the following components of Daltons Atomic Theory had to be altered due to the discovery of isotopes? a) b) c) d) e) all atoms are different atoms are not created and destroyed during a chemical reaction atoms of different elements combine to form compounds all matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms all atoms of the same element are identical

13) How many valence electrons are there in a N atom? a) b) c) d) e) 0 5 7 8 14

14) Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The atomic number of the element is: a) b) c) d) e) 30 32 34 64 94

15) Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The mass number of the element is: a) b) c) d) e) 30 32 34 64 94

16) Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The number of electrons in this atom is: a) b) c) d) e) 30 32 34 64 94

17) Naturally occurring carbon consists of three isotopes. Write the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in the blanks provided below the atomic symbol for each of the isotopes.
12 C 6

13 C 6

14 C 6

Protons Neutrons Electrons

______ ______ ______

______ ______ ______

______ ______ ______

18) The elements in the first column all form cations during the making of an ionic substance. The species in the first row all form anions during the making of an ionic substance (charges are provided on the polyatomic anions). Complete the table by filling in the boxes with the formulas of the compounds produced from the ions given by the intersecting rows and columns. Cl Mg Al K S OHCO32N PO43-

19) Circle T (for true) or F (for false) to indicate if the following statements are true or false. T F Prior to Rutherfords gold-foil experiment, it was commonly accepted that atoms consisted of a dense positively charged nucleus surrounded by a mostly empty region of space occupied by electrons. Protons are negatively charged particles found within the nucleus of an atom. To determine the atomic mass of an element you add the mass number to the atomic number and multiply by the relative abundance. Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different mass numbers

T T

F F

20) Write the names of the following compounds in the blanks provided. a). AlF3 b). MgS c). FeCl2 d). SO2 e). PCl5 f). Cu2S g). H2SO4 h). MnO2 ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________

20) (8) Write the names of the following compounds in the blanks provided. a). MgCl2 b). Na2O c). LiF d). PbBr2 e). Mn(NO3)2 f). Fe2S3 ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________

Some Common Equalities


Quantity
Length

U.S.
1 ft = 12 in 1 yd = 3 ft 1 mi = 5280 ft 1 qt = 4 cups 1 qt = 2 pints 1 gall = 16 fl oz 1 lb = 16 oz

Metric (SI)
1 km = 1000 m 1 m = 1000 mm 1 cm = 10 mm 1 L = 1000 mL 1 dL = 100 mL 1 mL = 1 cm3 1 kg = 1000g 1 g = 1000 mg 1 hr = 60 min 1 min = 60 sec speed of light = 3.00 x 108 m/s

MetricU.S.
2.54 cm = 1 in 1 m = 39.4 in 1 km = 0.621 mi 946 mL = 1 qt 1 L = 1.06 qt 1 kg = 2.20 lb 454 g = 1 lb

Volume

Mass Time
o

F = 1.8(oC) + 32 K = oC + 273

Names and Formulas of Common Polyatomic Ions Formula Name


CO32 HCO3 NH4+ CH3CO2 ClO3 CN NO3 NO2 OH PO43 HPO42 H2PO4 PO33 SO42 HSO4 SO32 HSO3 Carbonate Bicarbonate Ammonium Acetate Chlorate Cyanide Nitrate Nitrite Hydroxide Phosphate Hydrogen Phosphate Dihydrogen Phosphate Phosphite Sulfate Bisulfate Sulfite Bisulfite 7

Some Metals That Form More Than One Cation


Element Name
Chromium

Element Symbol
Cr

Ion Name & Symbol

Ion Name & Symbol

Chromium(II) Cr2+

Chromium(III) Cr3+ Cobalt(III) Co3+ Copper(II) Cu2+ Gold(III) Au3+ Iron(III) Fe3+ Manganese(III) Mn3+ Nickel(III) Ni3+ Tin(IV) Sn4+ Lead(IV) Pb4+

Cobalt

Co

Cobalt(II) Co2+

Copper

Cu

Copper(I) Cu+

Gold

Au

Gold(I) Au+

Iron

Fe

Iron(II) Fe2+

Manganese

Mn

Manganese(II) Mn2+

Nickel

Ni

Nickel(II) Ni2+

Tin

Sn

Tin(II) Sn2+

Lead

Pb

Lead(II) Pb2+