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Amazing Facts about India and Indians!

1. 2. 3. 4. India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization. India never invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history. India is the world's largest democracy. Varanasi, also known as Benares, was called "the ancient city" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today. 5. India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. 6. The World's first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. 7. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987. 8. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization. 9. Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's wealth. 10. The art of Navigation was bornin the river Sindhu 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'. 11. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days. 12. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians. 13. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12). 14. IEEE has proved what has been a century old suspicion in the world scientific community that the pioneer of wireless communication was Prof. Jagdish Bose and not Marconi. 15. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. 16. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake called Sudarshana was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya's time. 17. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India. 18. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts. 19. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).

20. The four religions born in India, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population. 21. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC. 22. India is one of the few countries in the World, which gained independence without violence. 23. India has the second largest pool of Scientists and Engineers in the World. 24. India is the largest English speaking nation in the world. 25. India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indigenously. 26. The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu. 27. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus 28. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India. 29. The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level 30. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. 31. India exports software to 90 countries. 32. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively. 33. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion. 34. Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively 35. Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577. 36. India is the world's largest, oldest, continuous civilization. 37. India is the world's Largest democracy. 38. India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history. 39. India invented the number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta. 40. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization) 41. There are 300,000 active mosques in India , more than in any other country, including the Muslim world 42. Sanskrit is the mother of all the European Languages . Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magzine July 1987. 43. Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India. 44. India is one of the few countries in the world, which gain independence without violence. 45. India has the second largest pool of Scientist and Engineers in the World. 46. India is the largest English speaking nation in the world. 47. India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indeigenously. 48. India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world 49. The largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways , employing over a million people 50. India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake.

51. The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982 52. The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday. 53. Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today. 54. Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries. 55. Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years. Following are the some of the important Indian Railway Facts 56. The total distance covered by the 14,300 trains on the Indian Railways everyday, equals three & half times the distance to moon 57. The first train on Indian soil ran between Bombay and Thane on the 16th of April 1853 58. IR has about 63,028 route kms. of track 59. IR employs about 1.6 million people 60. It carries over 13 million passengers & 1.3 million tones of freight everyday 61. It runs about 14,300 trains daily 62. IR has about 7,000 railway stations 63. The longest platform in the world is at Kharagpur and is 2,733 ft. in length 64. Nehru Setu on Sone River is the longest Railway bridge 65. 42 Railway companies operated in the country before independence 66. Railway Station with all the Three Gauges is Siliguri Railway Station Interesting Facts about India 67. When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization) 68. The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu. 69. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus. 70. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India. 71. The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C. 72. The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single 80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola. 73. India is the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations. 74. The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called 'Mokshapat'. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births. 75. The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.

76. The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education. 77. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. 78. India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake. 79. The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word 'NAVGATIH'. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'. 80. Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days. 81. The value of "pi" was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians. 82. Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India.Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12). 83. Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world (Source: Gemological Institute of America). 84. The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982. 85. Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries. 86. Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts. 87. India exports software to 90 countries. 88. The four religions born in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population. 89. Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively. 90. Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion. 91. There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world. 92. The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively. 93. Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively 94. The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century.

95. The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday. 96. Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577. 97. Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today. 98. India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee religious and political persecution. 99. His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in northern India. 100. Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries. 101. Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years. 102. India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years of history. 103. It is the only society in the world which has never known slavery. 104. India was the richest country on Earth until the time of the British in the early 17th Century 105. The total amount of wealth the British plundered from India had reached 1 Billion by 1901. ($1 Trillion in real-terms) 106. Robert Clives personal wealth amassed from the plunder of Bengal during 1750s was estimated at around 401,102 107. India was a unified country around 3300 B.C.E. by Emperor Bharata - whom India is named after. 108. Indias history shows an uninterrupted historical timeline recording the development of her civilization through the Royal Dynasty of Kings and lineage of priests that go back 325 generations. 109. Indias 3rd forgotten Epic - This ancient story called the Dasharajnya or Vedic War of 10 Kings is the more ancient and forgotten epic that precedes the famous literary classics like the Ramayana and the Mahabarata. 110. Sanskrit was the classical language of India, older than Hebrew and Latin. 111. It is the oldest, most scientific, systematic language in the world. It became the language of all cultured people in 112. Sanskrit literally means refined or perfected. 113. NASA discovered that Sanskrit is the only unambiguous spoken language on the planet. It is regarded the most precise, and therefore suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987. 114. Indias population to be the largest in the world 115. India is set to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2050. 116. Indias population is expected to grow from 1.08bn to 1.63bn people, overtaking China, which is forecast to increase more slowly from its current 1.3bn to 1.44bn. 117. It is predicted that by 2015, over half of the Indian population will be less than twenty years old. 118. 600 Million of Indias population is under 25-years old. 119. India, will also have the highest working population in the World 700 million people out of 1.1 billion people are young; the young population will continue till 2050.

120. Famous Quotes on India (by non-Indians) Albert Einstein said: We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. Mark Twain said: India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. French scholar Romain Rolland said: If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India. Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA said: India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border. Some facts about Indians living in the U.S.A. There are 3.22 Million Indians in America: 1. 38% of Doctors in America are Indians. 2. 12% of Scientists in America are Indians. 3. 36% of NASA employees are Indians. 4. 34% of MICROSOFT employees are Indians. 5. 17% of INTEL employees are Indians. Sanskrit word matar pitar bhratar svasar gyaamti trikonamiti dvaar ma naman smi eka English word mother papa / father brother sister geometry trigonometry door me name smile equal