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POWERS OF 10

O M
Z O

FROM MICRO TO
MACRO COSMOS
.
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This is a trip at high speed,
jumping distances by a factor of 10.
We’ll start with 100 (equivalent to 1 meter), and will increase
the size by a factor of 10, or 101 (10 meters), 102 (10x10 = 100
meters, 103 (10x10x10 = 1,000 meters), 104 (10x10x10x10 =
10,000 meters), so on, until we reach the limit of our
imagination in the direction of the macro cosmos.

Later we’ll return, a little faster, back to the point where we


started & continue our trip in the opposite direction reducing
distances of travel by factors of 10 into the micro cosmos.

We will observe the constancy of the laws of the universe


and think about how much the human race still needs to
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learn...
BON VOYAGE!

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10 0
1 meter
Distance
to a bunch
of leaves
in the
garden

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10 1
10 meters

Starting our trip


upwards ....
We can see the
foliage.

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10 2
100 meters

At this distance
we can see the
limits of the
forest and the
edifications

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10 3
1 km

We will pass
from meters to
kilometers..
Now it is
possible to
jump with a
parachute ...
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10 4
10 km

The city could


be observed
but we really
can’t see the
houses

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10 5
100 km
At this height,
the state of
Flórida - USA,
is just coming
into view ...

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10 6
1,000 km

Typical sight
from a satellite

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10 7
10,000 km

The northern
hemisphere of
Earth, and part of
South America

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10 8
100,000 km

The Earth
starts
looking
small...

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10 9
1 Millión km

The Earth
and the
Moon’s órbit
in white....

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10 10
10 Million km

Part of the
Earth’s Orbit
in blue

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10 11
100 Million km

Órbits of:
Venus and
Earth...

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10 12
1 Billión km

Órbits of:
Mercury,
Venus, Earth,
Mars and
Júpiter.

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10 13
10 Billion km

At this height
of our trip, we
could
observe the
Solar System
and the orbits
of the planets

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10 14
100 Billion km
The Solar
System starts
looking small...

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10 15
1 Trillión km
The Sun now is
a small star in
the middle of
thousands of
stars...

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10 16
1 light-year
At one light-year
the little Sun star
is very small

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10 17
10 light-years

Here we will see


nothing in the
infinity....

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10 18
100 light-years

“Nothing”
Only stars and
Nebulae...

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10 19
1,000 light-years

At this distance
we are
travelling in the
Via-Láctea
(Milky Way), our
galaxy.

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10 20
10,000 light-years

We continue our
travel inside the
Via-Láctea
(Milky Way)

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10 21
100,000 light-years

We begin
reaching the
periphery of
the Via-Láctea
(Milky Way)

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10 22
1 Millión light-years

At this
tremendous
distance we can
see the entire
Via-Láctea
(Milky Way) &
other galáxies
as well ...

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10 - 10 Million light-years
23
From this distance, all the galaxies
look small with immense empty
spaces in between.

The same laws are ruling all bodies


of the Universe.

We could continue traveling


upwards with our imagination, but
now let’s return home quickly

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10
22

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10
21

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10
20

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10
19

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10
18

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10
17

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10
16

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10
15

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10
14

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10
13

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10
12

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10
11

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10
10

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10
9

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10
8

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10
7

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10
6

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10
5

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10 4

Questions that come to


mind ...
Who are we?
Where are we going?
Where did we come
from?
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10 3

Or... What do we
represent in the
Universe?

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10 2
In this trip
“upwards” we went
to the power of 23 of
10

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10 1

Now we are going to


dig inside of matter
in a reverse (inverse)
trip...

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10 0

We arrive at our starting


point.
We could touch it with our
hands ...

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10 -1
10 Centímeters

Getting closer
at 10 cm ...We
can delineate
the leaves.

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10 -2
1 Centímeter
At this distance
it is possible to
observe the
structure
of the leaf.

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10 -3
1 Millímeter

The cellular
structures
begin to show...
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10 -4
100 microns

The cells
can be
delineated.

You can see


the union
between
them.

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10 -5
10 microns

Starting our
trip inside
the cell ...

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10 -6
1 micrón

The nucleus
of the cell is
visible.

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10 -7
100
Nanometers
Again we changed
the measuring unit
to adapt to the
miniscule size.

You can see the


chromosomes.

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10 -8
10 Nanometers

In this micro
universe the
DNA chain is
visible.

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10 -9
1 Nanometer

...the
chromosóme
blocks can be
observed.

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10 -10
1 Angstrom
It appears like
clouds of
electrons... These
are carbon átoms
that formed our
world.

You should notice


the resemblance of
the micro cosmos
with the macro
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10 -11
10 Picometers
In this
miniature
world we
could observe
the electrons
orbiting the
atoms.

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10 -12
1 Picómeter

An immense empty space


between the nucleus and
the electron orbits...

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10 -13
100 Femtómeters

At this incredible and


minuscule size we
could observe the
nucleus of the atom.

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10 -14
10 Femtómeters

Now we could
observe the nucleus
of the carbon atom

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10 -15
1 Femtómeter
Here we are in the field
of the scientific
imagination, face to
face with a proton.

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10 -16
100 Attómeters
Examine the ‘quark’
partícules
There is nowhere
further to go...

We are at the limits of


current scientific
knowledge .

This is the limit of


matter...
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And now ...

Are you the center of the universe?


Are you the special creature of the Creatión?
What is behind the limits? Are there any limits?
Note that going downwards we could only go to the power
of minus 16ª of 10 to reach the (known?) limits of matter...
But upwards we went to the power of 23ª of 10 and
stopped... But we could have continued our trip subject
only to the limits to our imagination!!!!
... then?
... Who says that we are alone in the universe?

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Hope you
enjoyed the
trip.
The End!
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