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Mr.

KONSTANTINOU

REVIEWVOCABULARY TERMS FORIT8EXAM1


1. ACadapterExternalpowersupply,usedbysomeexternalperipherals,thatconverts ACpowerintoDCpowerthattheperipheralrequires. 2. BayOpeninginsidethesystemunitinwhichadditionalequipmentcanbeinstalled. 3. BluetoothNetworkstandard,specificallyaprotocolthatdefineshowtwoBluetooth devicesuseshortrangeradiowavestotransmitdata. 4. BusElectricalchannelthattransferselectronicbitsinternallywithinthecircuitryofa computer,allowingthedevicesbothinsideandattachedtothesystemunitto communicatewitheachother. 5. ConnectorDevicethatjoinsacabletoaport. 6. DrivebayRectangularopeninginthesystemunitthattypicallyholdsdiskdrives. 7. eSATAportShortforexternalSATA;specialpurposeportthatallowsyoutoconnect anexternalSATA(SerialAdvancedTechnologyAttachment)harddisktoacomputer. 8. FireWirehubDevicethatplugsinaFireWireportonthesystemunitandcontains multipleFireWireportsinwhichyouplugcablesfromFireWiredevices. 9. FireWireportPortthatcanconnectmultipletypesofdevicesthatrequirefaster datatransmissionspeeds. 10. IrDAportPortthatusesinfraredlightwavestotransmitsignalsbetweenawireless deviceandacomputer. 11. JackTermsometimesusedtoidentifyanaudioorvideoport. 12. MIDIportSpecialtypeofserialportthatconnectsthesystemunittoamusical instrument,suchasanelectronickeyboard. 13. PortPointatwhichaperipheralattachestoorcommunicateswithasystemunitso itcansenddatatoorreceiveinformationfromthecomputer. 14. PowersupplyComponentofthesystemunitthatconvertswalloutletACpowerto theDCpowerthatisusedbyacomputer. 15. SCSIportSpecialhighspeedparallelporttowhichperipherals,suchasdiskdrives andprinters,canbeattached. 16. SerialportTypeofinterfacethatconnectsadevicetothesystemunitby transmittingdataonebitatatime. 17. USBhubDevicethatplugsinaUSBportonthesystemunitandcontainsmultiple USBportsinwhichcablesfromUSBdevicescanbeplugged. 18. USBportPortthatcanconnectupto127differentperipheralswithasingle connectortype. 19. WordsizeNumberofbitsacomputercaninterpretandexecuteatagiventime. 20. AcceleratedGraphicsPort(AGP)ExpansionbusdesignedbyInteltoimprovethe speedwithwhich3Dgraphicsandvideotransmit. 21. AddressbusThepartofabusthattransfersinformationaboutwheredatashould resideinmemory. 22. BackwardcompatibleTermusedtorefertoadevice'scapabilityofsupportingolder devices,aswellasnewerdevices. 23. Backsidebus(BSB)Busthatconnectstheprocessortocache.

Mr.KONSTANTINOU

24. BluetoothwirelessportadapterAdapterthatwillconvertanexistingUSBportintoa Bluetoothport. 25. BuswidthThesizeofabus,whichdeterminesthenumberofbitsthatacomputer cantransmitatonetime. 26. DockingstationExternaldevicethatattachestoamobilecomputerordeviceand providespowerconnectionstoperipherals,alongwithmemorycards,opticaldisc drives,andotherdevices. 27. ExpansionbusBusthatallowstheprocessortocommunicatewithperipherals. 28. ExternalbayDrivebaythatallowsuserstoaccessopeningsinthebayfromoutside thesystemunit. 29. ExternalSATAportSpecialpurposeportthatallowsyoutoconnectanexternalSATA (SerialAdvancedTechnologyAttachment)harddisktoacomputer. 30. FastinfraredportAhighspeedIrDAport. 31. Frontsidebus(FSB)Busthatispartofthemotherboardandconnectstheprocessor tomainmemory. 32. GenderchangerDevicethatjoinsaportandaconnectorthatarebothfemaleor bothmale. 33. HiSpeedUSBMoreadvancedandfastertypeofUSB. 34. IEEE1394portPortthatcanconnectmultipletypesofdevicesthatrequirefaster datatransmissionspeeds.SeealsoFireWireport. 35. InternalbayDrivebaythatisconcealedentirelywithinthesystemunit. 36. IrDAInfraredDataAssociation;networkstandardusedtotransmitdatawirelessly viainfrared(IR)lightwaves. 37. MusicalInstrumentDigitalInterfaceElectronicmusicindustrysstandardthat defineshowdevicesrepresentsoundselectronically. 38. PCCardbusExpansionbusforaPCCard. 39. PCIbus(PeripheralComponentInterconnectbus)Highspeedexpansionbusthat connectshigherspeeddevices. 40. PCIExpress(PCIe)busExpansionbusthatexpandsonanddoublesthespeedofthe originalPCIbus. 41. PortreplicatorExternaldevicethatattachestoamobilecomputertoprovide connectionstoperipheralsthroughportsbuiltintothereplicator. 42. SAS(serialattachedSCSI)NewertypeofSCSIthattransmitsatmuchfasterspeeds thanparallelSCSI. 43. SCSI(smallcomputersysteminterface)Typeofhighspeedparallelinterfaceusedto attachperipheraldevicestoacomputer. 44. SystembusBusthatispartofthemotherboardandconnectstheprocessortomain memory.Seealsofrontsidebus(FSB). 45. USB2.0(HiSpeedUSB)MoreadvancedandfastertypeofUSB. 46. USB3.0USBthatismorethan10timesfasterthanUSB2.0.

Ports and Connectors

A port is the point at which a peripheral attaches to or communicates with a system unit (sometimes referred to as a jack) A connector joins a cable to a port
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Ports and Connectors

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Ports and Connectors


On a notebook computer, the ports are on the back, front, and/or sides

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Ports and Connectors

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Ports and Connectors


A USB port can connect up to 127 different peripherals together with a single connector
You can attach multiple peripherals using a single USB port with a USB hub

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Ports and Connectors


Other types of ports include:
Firewire port eSATA port Bluetooth port IrDA port SCSI port

Serial port

MIDI port
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Ports and Connectors


A Bluetooth wireless port adapter converts a USB port into a Bluetooth port A smart phone might communicate with a notebook computer using an IrDA port

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Ports and Connectors


A port replicator is an external device that provides connections to peripherals through ports built into the device A docking station is an external device that attaches to a mobile computer or device
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Buses
A bus allows the various devices both inside and attached to the system unit to communicate with each other
Data bus Address bus

Word size is the number of bits the processor can interpret and execute at a given time
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Buses
Expansion slots connect to expansion buses Common types of expansion buses include:
PCI bus PCI Express bus Accelerated Graphics Port

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USB and FireWire bus

PC Card bus

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Bays
A bay is an opening inside the system unit in which you can install additional equipment
A drive bay typically holds disk drives

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Power Supply
The power supply converts the wall outlet AC power into DC power Some external peripherals have an AC adapter, which is an external power supply
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Keeping Your Computer or Mobile Device Clean


Clean your computer or mobile device once or twice a year Turn off and unplug your computer or mobile device before cleaning it Use compressed air to blow away dust

Use an antistatic wipe to clean the exterior of the case and a cleaning solution and soft cloth to clean the screen
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