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OLYMPIA COLLEGE SCHOOL OF COMPUTING DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION TO MULTIMEDIA

NAME AS PER IC / PASSPORT: COLLEGE INDEX NO: IC NO / PASSPORT NO: BATCH NO:

CAMPUS: PETALING JAYA WORDS COUNT:2327

Table of content

Table of content NO Content 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 8. 9. Page

Acknowledgement........................... i Table of content............................... ii Question 1........................................ 1 Answer 1......................................... 2 - 6 Question 2....................................... 7 Answer 2......................................... 8-12 Conclusion....................................... 13 Reference......................................... 14

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus ii

Question 1

Question 1 Describe the detail on how multimedia plays an important role in todays society and where is it being used.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 1

Question 1 (Answer 1)

The recent generation is still accelerating and experiencing the changing of daily lifestyle. Its also human for this world becoming do less work rather than last generation. So, these types of changes mean a lot of traditional materials exchange by the latest technology such as advertisement, learning and whether interior or exterior also using technology to control. Actually, more advancing is called as multimedia. Multimedia is commonly used within the education field, business field, medical field or even some of the home user, a designer, a musician and etc.

First, about the education which related is as teaching, teacher, lecture and many others. Its education field. Education field is offering new way which can let the user using multimedia technologies for teaching and for students learning at anywhere they are. Teaching for this generation is very colourful because teachers can create some slide and video with the picture in order to bring out the message more clears to the students. Government also partner with some of the multimedia company to create a compact disc which preloaded with all the exercise and paste together with the text book. So, that all the students can do their revision easily. Besides revision, multimedia learning resources to the home represents an educational opportunity with the potential to improve student learning. Text has the highest impact on the quality of the multimedia interaction and it provides information. Text acts as the keystone tying all of the other media elements together. It is well written text that makes a multimedia communication wonderful.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 2

Question 1 (Answer 1)

Sound is used to provide emphasis or highlight a transition from one page to another. Sound synchronized to screen display, enables teachers to present lots of information at once. This approach is used in a variety of ways, all based on visual display of a complex image paired with a spoken explanation. Sound used creatively, becomes a stimulus to the imagination; used inappropriately it becomes a hindrance or an annoyance. For instance, a script, some still images and a sound track, allow students to utilize their own power of imagination without being biased and influenced by the inappropriate use of video footage.

Next, with the content of digital video that provides new and exciting possibilities for the use of digital video in education. There are many instances where students, studying particular processes, may find themselves faced with a scenario that seems highly complex when conveyed in purely text form, or by the use of diagrams and images. Video can be used to give examples of phenomena or issues referred to in the text. For example, while a student is writing a video also can be shown to let student more understand a subject. The use of video is appropriate to convey information about environments that can be either dangerous or too costly to consider, or recreate, in real life. For example, video images used to demonstrate particular chemical reactions without exposing students to highly volatile chemicals, or medical education, where real-life situations can be better understood via video.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 3

Question 1 (Answer 1)

Another type is graphics provide the most creative possibilities for a learning session. They can be photographs, drawings, graphs from a spreadsheet, pictures from a CD, or something pulled from the Internet. With a scanner, hand-drawn work can be included. Standing commented that, the capacity of recognition memory for pictures is almost limitless. The reason for this is that images make use of a massive range of cortical skills: colour, form, line, dimension, texture, visual rhythm, and especially imagination.

Second, business is another field which using multimedia to do their job as well. Multimedia is to be an effective tool for educating and entertaining. Fortunately, now advances in computer technology have already made professional of multimedia production affordable, giving the opportunity to the organization to make dramatic improvements in the effectiveness of their sales, marketing, recruiting, training and corporate communications initiatives. They will use text, graphic, audio, video and anything that related to the project which all the resources also related to multimedia. They will communicate through television and movies to have an incredible impact. Multimedia even can create an interactive environment to get a user into the relevant topic. There are many reasons to use interactive multimedia in all areas of business communication.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 4

Question 1 (Answer 1)

So, the addition of multimedia files will help you to improve the visual aspect of your site. If the page is give more benefit and give them a more pleasant experience. The more time that a user spends on your site then the greater chance you have of them remembering your site and visiting you again or even placing an order with you. Not only does the inclusion of multimedia help to create more interest from site users but it will also help to attract more links to your site hence helping to improve your online presence. Incorporating these files into your site at the development stage will mean that you start getting the benefits as soon as you are up and running and it will also ensure that you can add new media files in the future without having to fit these around the content of your site.

Therefore, everyone learns differently, to difference on visual and auditory. Interactive multimedia engages all these styles of learning and greatly enhances visual communication, which accounts for up to 80% of the learning experience, increasing interest, comprehension and retention. Just as you begin to feel you ''know'' the people you see on TV and screen, videos and voice-overs in a multimedia production can create an emotional impact and personal relationship with your audience. Even so, most companies already have most of what they need to get started in their current materials. Old videos can be edited to create an artistic montage that adds text, music, animation and digital effects. In the end, your message needs to touch people emotionally, reaching them in a way that lets them relate to you, understand you, feel your passion and be moved to want to be a part of your vision.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 5

Question 1 (Answer 1)

Conclusion, the multimedia is very important for recent generation to create more colourful life and make the study and working time become easy and perfect. That is because multimedia now can make a full imagination to our child or even adult to feel the creation of something. For example, a baby milk powder advertisement, it really can make the parents to imagine and get the most reliable and most effective to give their baby drinks. Besides that, as we know, multimedia in education is to produce an excellent student to serve the nation and in business is to provide either a good imagination to the listener or the exactly the picture of the model of a building. Therefore, the more students are been train, the more excellent speaker and lecturer will be present for the future. And multimedia wills more high level in the future.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 6

Question 2

Question 2 Describe on the types of file format that are commonly used in multimedia.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 7

Question 2 (Answer 2)

Multimedia is a combination of media elements in a single document including of text, graphics, animation, audio and video. The World Wide Web is capable of using most forms of media in combination. Actually, multimedia contain of a lot of format extension such as graphic file can save in JPEG, video can save in MP4 or RM, text file can save in txt or others and audio file can save in MP3. These all are commonly used in our multimedia creative centre. First and foremost, graphics file type contains file formats such as bitmap image file types or vector graphic file types. Generally, picture also got its own pixels in a grid. Each pixel in the image contains information about the colour to be displayed. Bitmap images already have a constant resolution and cannot be resized without losing image quality. Most commonly used bitmap file types are JPEG, JPG, GIF and others. The file extension JPG file is related to JPEG file format because used for pictures and etcetera. Although, JPEG is the best image format for pictures with high number of colors for use on the internet and it supports 16.7 million colours but in DOS-based computers just can only take a 3 character of the extension. So, we only can see JPG in the screen.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 8

Question 2 (Answer 2)

Next, TIFF file type is the most widely supported does not lose information during compression. A file formats for storing bit-mapped images in both Windows and Macintosh computers. This format can be in any resolution, in black and white, gray-scaled or colour. TIFF files only contain bitmap data, no vector data. TIFF has only been successful in some markets like the exchange of ads for newspapers or magazines. In the past years, its role has largely been taken over by the PDF file format, more specifically PDF/X-1a. This merging of these two formats, with PDF offering wide industry support and TIFF proven track record of reliability. Besides that, for video files there is a large group of formats, which contains digitally capturing, recording, storing and transmitting. The movie, film and video files are data container formats, which are used for audio with video playback. Even though many of video file formats existing, but only some formats are often used for a project such as AVI, RM, 3GP and MP4. Real Media is one of the most popular formats for streaming content on the internet. Real Media includes the Real Audio codec for sound clips and Real Video codec for movies. Real Audio and Real Video files are often given the common Real Media ".RM" file extension. Real Media files are often heavily compressed so they can stream over dial-up Internet connections.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 9

Question 2 (Answer 2)

Another file format is 3GP used to view and record video at mobile phones. There are two types of 3GP such as 3GPP and 3GPP2. These are the new worldwide standards for the creation, delivery and playback of multimedia over 3rd generation, highspeed wireless networks. It is also provide uniform delivery of rich multimedia over newly evolved, broadband mobile networks to the latest multimedia wireless devices. The 3GPP and 3GPP2 are based on the MPEG-4 standard which was derived from Apple's QuickTime. Next, a file with extension mp4 is a MPEG-4 file format. MPEG-4 is an International Standards Organization (ISO) specification that covers many aspects of multimedia presentation including compression, authoring and delivery. The Windows Media Player does not support the direct playback of the mp4 format media. You can play mp4 media in Windows Media Player when you install software called as DirectShow-compatible MPEG-4 decoder packs. This format video also content can be encoded and stored in an asf file container by using Windows Media Tools and Windows Media Encoder. However, MP4 file extension supports all kinds of multimedia content of multiple audio streams, video streams, subtitle streams, pictures and advanced content like 2D and 3D graphics or user interactivity.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 10

Question 2 (Answer 2)

The third is text file format. When a document save it can set the file name and where the file want to store in your computer. For example, create a new folder to store the chapters of your book. You can normally change the file format as well. Fortunately most software can import other file formats and convert them to a format they can process. Be careful, the words will survive, but the formatting might not. Many text files use plain text (TXT), Rich Text Format (RTF) and as well as Microsoft Word (DOC). Word is comes in Macintosh and Windows formats. Utilities exist to import and export in Word format.

Besides that, to select 'All file types' when looking for documents as they might have different file extensions. The version of the software is also important because is someone sending a version 4 software to a friend with a version 5 will be successful. But if the friend edits it in version 5 and returns it, there will be problems. Actually, these kind problems are less common and always can find a file converter to solve the problem. A RTF files, is more better as they can be read by every word processing package we know and the file size will be smaller. Microsoft Word documents can be saved as RTF format.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 11

Question 2 (Answer 2)

Forth, sound also known as an audio. Audio is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through wave. Its based on frequency, amplitude, wave length and also speed which travel through the air and it is also continuous waves. Some of the file format is wav, mp3 and MIDI file format. Wav is a standard audio file format used mainly in Windows. It is less well known that wave files can also be encoded with a variety of codecs to reduce the file size such as the GSM or mp3 codec. The MPEG Layer-3 (mp3) format is the most popular format for downloading and storing music. This file format also a roughly one-tenth the size of an equivalent PCM file while maintaining good audio quality. Mp3 format is the best for music storage but not that good for voice storage. Musical Instrumental Digital Interface has been continually expanded to include other features for the professional musician. Besides that, it is the device can be connected to the computer to capture the sound by musical instrument. This format also can be edit and play fast on a webpage in good quality. But MIDI just can store none spoken dialogue.

Conclusion, multimedia is actually a got a huge amount of format which when you save a file. We all use that to do save of audio file, video file, graphic file and also text file. It is important to take note because you can be trouble if you dont know which format is using for which application. So, the format that commonly use is the point we need to know more but for the seldom file format use for us is not important but we also need to know where they are using and which operating system can be support it.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 12

Conclusion

Conclusion

In question 1, the term "multimedia" was first used in 1965 to describe a performance that combined music, lights, cinema, and performance art. In the history of multimedia development, technological advances have expanded the definition, and people have argued about how exactly the term should be used. Today multimedia might be defined as the seamless digital integration of text, graphics, animation, audio, still images and motion video in a way that provides individual users with high levels of control and interaction. Besides that, question 2 has get some of the knowledge with the frequently used file format and some of it are seldom. Actually, multimedia got a huge amount of format which when you save a file. We all use that to do save of audio file, video file, graphic file and also text file. It is important to take note because you can be trouble if you dont know which format is using for which application. Today it is not a problem anymore for people because we just need to install some driver or some plug in. Then it is able to run. In this assignment, I had learned What multimedia important in that society. It is something like how the multimedia helps us to bring out the clear image of something. Next, File format in multimedia. I had explains about few type for audio file, video file, graphic file and also text file.

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 13

Reference

Reference Internet
Multimedia question 2 http://www.chami.com/tips/internet/050598I.html Multimedia question 2 http://www.fileformat.info/mirror/egff/ch10_03.htm Multimedia question 2 http://www.jqjacobs.net/web/multimedia.html Multimedia question 1 http://www.smallbusinessmultimedia.com/article2.html Multimedia question 1 http://www.zebra3media.com/news020302i.htm Multimedia question 1 http://www.wtec.org/loyola/satcom2/04_02.htm

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Diploma in Information Technology Olympia College Petaling Jaya Campus 14