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INFORMACIN GENERAL Programa de formacin: Tcnico en Sistemas Nombre del instructor: Diana Isabel Pea Osorio Fecha de aplicacin:

18 Octubre 30 de Noviembre 2.011 IDENTIFICACIN DE LA GUA Cdigo de la gua: 240201501 Competencias a desarrollar:

Ficha: Cdula:

30414254

Comprender frases y vocabulario habitual sobre temas de inters personal y temas tcnicos

Resultados de aprendizaje relacionados: 1. Reconocer palabras y expresiones muy bsicas qe se usan habitualmente relativas a s mismo y a su entorno. 2. Interactuar en tareas sencillas y habituales que requieren un intercambio simple y directo de informacin cotidiana y tcnica. 3. Leer textos muy breves y sencillos en ingls tcnico.

LOGROS:

1. Utilizar adecuadamente las expresiones con relacin al tema de saludos y


presentacin personal en ingles. 2. Estructurar textos teniendo en cuenta elementos formales del lenguaje como la puntuacin, ortografa, sintaxis, coherencia y cohesin.

3. Realizar presentaciones orales teniendo en cuenta las temticas propuestas en la


presente gua.

4. Aprender las diferentes tareas que se pueden realizar con una computadora en la
vida real como tambin entender conceptos bsicos informticos.

DESARROLLO DE LA GUIA PERSONAL AND TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE Proyecto: Fase del proyecto: INICIACIN Actividad del proyecto: 1. PRESENTACIN ESCRITA DE DIALOGOS EN BASE A LA PPT GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS 2. PRESENTACIN ORAL DE DILOGOS EN BASE AL TEMA GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS

3. LECTURA COMPRENSIVA DEL TEMA WHAT IS A COMPUTER

4. PRESENTACINES EN GRUPOS UTILIZANDO PPT EN BASE


AL TEMA WHAT IS A COMPUTER Duracin (horas): 21 HORAS Descripcin de la actividad de proyecto:

A) Con base en la presentacin Greetings and Introductions, los estudiantes de los grados
Dcimos, organizados en parejas, crearn dilogos para ser expuestos oralmente en su respectivo grupo.

B) En base al tema de informtica What is a computer, los estudiantes realizarn una serie
de ejercios escritos de comprensin lectora. Luego de encontrar y definir semejanzas y diferencias de los diferentes componentes del tema, los estudiantes en grupos de cuatro, harn presentaciones orales, utilizando ppt con respecto al tema.

ACTIVIDAD DE APRENDIZAJE 1: Descripcin de la actividad de aprendizaje 1:

A) Consultar en la pgina www.bosqueslearningenglish.blogspot.com la PPT del


tema GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS

EVIDENCIA:
Tipo de Evidencia:
Desempeo x Conocimiento Producto

1. Presentacin escrita del dilogo en parejas utilizando las frases


Descripcin:

propuestas en la PPT. 2. Presentacin oral del mismo.

Producto entregable: Forma de entrega: Criterios de Evaluacin:

Dilogo y Presentacin Escrita y Oral Interpreta un texto sencillo y construye un dilogo basado en el mismo. Sostiene conversaciones con vocabulario bsico aprendido. Escribe o presenta descripciones de s mismo, su profesin y su entorno.
Tipo Cuestionario Lista Chequeo Lista de Verificacin Otro: Cdigo

Instrumento de Evaluacin:

ACTIVIDAD DE APRENDIZAJE 2: Descripcin de la actividad de aprendizaje 2:

INGLS TCNICO I CAPTULO I


WHAT IS A COMPUTER?

WHAT IS A COMPUTER?
Computers are electronic machines which can accept data in a certain form process the data and give the results of the processing in a specified format as information. Three basic steps are involved in the process. First, data is fed into the computers memory. Then, when the program is run, the computer performs a set of instructions and processes the data. Finally, we can see the results (the output) on the screen or in printed form. Information in the form of data and programs is known as software, and the electronic and mechanical parts that make up a computer system are called hardware. A standard computer system consists of three main sections: the central processing unit (CPU), the main memory andperipherals. Perhaps the most influential component is the central processing unit. Its function is to execute program instructions and coordinate the activities of all the others units. In a way, it is the brain of the computer. The main memory holds the instructions and data which are currently being processed by the CPU. The peripherals are the physical units attached to the computer. They include storage devices and input/output devices. Storages devices (floppy, hard or optical disks) provide a permanent storage of both data and programs. Disk drives are used to handle one or more floppy disks. Input devices enable data to go into the computers memory. The most common input devices are the mouse and the keyboard. Output devices enable us to extract the finished product from the system. For example, the computer shows the output on the monitor or prints the results onto paper by means of a printer. On the rear panel of the computer there are several ports into which we can plug a wide range of peripherals modems, fax machines, optical drives and scanners. WHAT CAN A COMPUTER DO? Computer and microchips have become part of our everyday lives: we visit shops and offices whichhave been designed with the help of computers, we

read magazines which have been produced on computer; we pay bills prepared by computers. Just picking up a telephone and dialing a number involves the use of sophisticated computer system, as does making a flight reservation or bank transaction. We encounter daily many computers that spring to life the instant theyre switched on (e.g.calculators, the cars electronic ignition, the timer in the microwave, or the programmer inside the TV set), all of which use chip technology. What makes your computer such a miraculous device? Each time you turn it on, it is a tabula rasa that, with appropriate hardware and software, is capable of doing anything you ask. It is a calculating machine that speeds up financial calculations. It is an electronic filing cabinet which manages large calculations of data such as customers lists, accounts, or inventories. It is a magical typewriter that allows you to type and print any kind of document letters, memos or legal documents. It is a personal communicator that enables you to interact with other computers and with people around the world. If you like gadgets and electronic entertainment, you can even use your PC to relax with computer games.

1. Use the information in the text to match the terms in the box with the appropriate explanation or definition below.
a) software b) peripheral devices c) monitor d) floppy disk e) hardware f) input g) port h) output i) central processing unit 1. The brain of the computer ____ 2. Physical parts that make up a computer system ____ 3. Programs which can be used on a particular computer system ____ 4. The information which is presented to the computer ____ 5. Results produced by the computer ____ 6. Hardware equipment attached to the CPU ____ 7. Visual display unit ____ 8. Small device use to store information. Same as diskette ____ 9. Any socket or channel in a computer system into which an input/output ____

device may be connected.

When you read a text you dont always need to understand every word. But there are words which you can guess from the context. 2. Look at these words. Are they nouns (n), verbs (v) or adjectives (adj)?
1 workstation ____ 2 data ____ 3 perform ____ 4 automatic ____ 5 monitor ____ 6 financial ____ 7 store ____ 8 connected ____ 9 word processor ____ 10 large ____ Now match the words with the meanings below. a. information ____ b. execute ____ c. connected with money ____ d. keep (save) ____

g. linked ____ h. self-acting (mechanical) ____ i. screen ____ j.powerful computer usually connected to a network ____

e. massive ____ f. program used for text


manipulation ____

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LANGUAGE WORK
THE PRESENT SIMPLE OF THE PASSIVE VOICE You form the present simple passive with am/ is / are + V (past participle) E.g.:

The program is written in a special computer language Program and data are usually stored in disks. Here it is not important who do the action, it is important the action done. Remember that the words used as a third person singular use is for example data when it refers to the information operated onin a computer program. E.g. The data is ready for processing

YOUR TURN ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS IN YOUR OWN WORDS 1. What kind of computer have you used?

2. Why are you studying computers?

3. MAKE SOME SENTENCES USING THESE VERBS Make up start up access create allow complete

1.________________________________________________________________ 2.________________________________________________________________

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3.________________________________________________________________ 4.________________________________________________________________ 5.________________________________________________________________ 6.________________________________________________________________

HERE WE HAVE SOME WORDS THAT YOU MUST KNOW THE MEANING COULD YOU EXPLAIN IN YOUR OWN WORDS?
Printers: Skills: Database: Spreadsheet. Database:

AUTOEVALUACION
Instrucciones:
No revise las pginas anteriores Acte con total honestidad El propsito de esta prueba es para que Usted compruebe el avance de su aprendizaje y el xitode su estudio autnomo.

1.Read the slogan or quotations, and say what computer element they refer to. 1 a. Point and click here for power _____________________ b. Obeys every impulse as if it were an extension of your hand___________________________ 2 a. Displays your ideas with perfect brilliance _____________________ b. See the difference sharp images and a fantastic range of colors2 3 a. I love this drive. It quite and fast _____________________ b. With this its easy to back up your data before its too late______________

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4 a. Power and speed on the inside _____________________ b. let your computers brain do the work ______________________ 5 a. a big impact on the production of text and graphics ________________ b. Your choice: a laser powerhouse________________________

(10Points)
2. Read the sentences. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. (passive voice) Example: Houses (design) _____________________ with the help of computers. Houses are designed with the help of computers.
1. Various terminals ___________________________ to this workstation. 2. Microcomputers (know) ___________________________ as PCs. 3. Magazines (typeset) ___________________________ by computers. 4. When a particular program is run, the data (process) ___________________________ by the computer very rapidly. 5. Hard disks (use) ___________________________ for the permanent storage of information. 6. The drug-detecting test in the tour de France (support) ___________________________ by computers. 7. All the activities of the computer system (coordinate) ___________________________ by the central processing unit. 8. In some modern systems information (hold9 ___________________________ in optical disks. (10 points)

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EVIDENCIA:
Tipo de Evidencia:
Desempeo x Conocimiento X

Producto

1. Comprensin lectora del texto what is a computer 2. Realizacin de los ejercicios de comprensin lectora propuestos en la
Descripcin:

gua. 3. Produccin escrita en base al tema. ( Your Turn) 4. Formar grupos de cuatro estudiantes y realizar una PPT con las definiciones y vocabulario expuestos en el texto.

Producto entregable:

1. DESARROLLO DE LAS ACTIVIDADES EN LA MISMA GUA: Ejercicios de comprensin lectora Ejercicios de produccin escrita 2. UNA PRESENTACIN EN POWER POINT DE MNIMO 7 Y MXIMO 10 DIAPOSITIVAS. ( GRUPOS DE CUATRO ESTUDIANTES)

Forma de entrega: Criterios de Evaluacin:

Escrita Presentacin Oral. Estructura adecuadamente el vocabulario y modismos bsicos del idioma en base a un texto tcnico.

Interpreta un texto tcnico y construye una presentacin oral basada


en el mismo

Instrumento de Evaluacin:

Tipo Cuestionario Lista Chequeo Lista de Verificacin Otro:

Cdigo x x x

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Bibliografa:

www.bosqueslearningenglish.blogspot.com

Boeckner, K. y Brown, P. Ch. (1996).Oxford English for Computing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Freedman, A (1999). Diccionario bilinge de computacin. Colombia: Mcgraw-Hill Plagar y Rincn (1198). Diccionario conceptual de Informtica y Comunicaciones (ingls, francs y espaol).Madrid: Paraninfo Rossi, L. Garcia, G. y Mulvaney, S. (1985). Computer Notions. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regent.

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