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Methodology is the important part of research study ,which enables the

researcher to form blue print of the research undertake .Research methodology
involves the systematic procedure by which the research starts from the time of initial
identification of the problem to the final conclusions.

The present study was aimed at assessing the knowledge of mothers of

under-five children regarding acute respiratory tract infection in selected areas of
This chapter deals with different steps which are undertaken by the
investigator for gathering and organizing the data.It includes the description of
research approach, research design , setting of the study , population,sampling
techniques,criteria for selecton of the samples size, limitation , method of data
collecton , development and description of the tool ,ethical consideration ,validity ,
developement descriptive study on knowledge of mothersof under –five children
regarding ARTI ,reliability,data collection procedure and plan for data analysis.
The research design provides the backbone structure of the study . It
Determine how the study will be organized when the data will be collected and
when intervention of any are to be implemented .
The present study attempts to assess the knowledge of the mother of
under-five children regarding ART infection .Hence in view of the nature of the
problem selected for the study and the objectives to be accomplished an assessment
was considered as an appropriate one
Target population
Mothers ofpopulation
children under five children
Purposive sampling

Accessible population
Mothers of under five who are living in Harijanawada Random sampling
area of raichur .

Sample / sample size 40 mothers Data collection

Of under five children shedule

Structured interview shedule

Demographic Knowledge of mothfers of under-

variables five children regarding
Knowledge of
Mothers of under
Five childrens

Knowledge score

Low Average High

Setting of the study
Setting refers to the physical locations and condition in which data collection has
been taken place.
Raichur is one of the back ward district located in north Karnataka. It has an area
of 60
Raichur district comprise of five towns and 300 villages with population of
3,42,686.Urban population consist of 2,07,596 and it cosist of 35 wards.The studywas
conducted in urban slum areas that is Harijanawada area of raichur, Karnataka.It has the floor
area of 796.86 hector and population of 17309.
A population is a group whose members possers specific attributers that researcher
is interested in studying .
The target population is agroup of population that the researcher has to study ad to
whom the study findings will be generalized.
Accersible population is the group of population that the researcher find easily.
The target population compriser of all the mothers of under five children in
Harijanawada area of raichur district .
Sampling technique
Sampling technique is aprocess of selecting a portion of the population to obtain
data regarding a problem.
The purposve sampling technique was considered appropriate to select the study
area .Random sampling method wasconsidered best to select the sample for the study.
Asample consist of a subset of the population selected to participate in the
research study.
All the mothers of under five children will be listed out separately from
Harijawada and 40 mothers will be choosen as sample .
Criteria for selection of sample
Inclusion criteria
A study include mothers who are :
→Having under five children.
→Desiding I the Harijanawada area of raichur
→Available at the time f data collectin
→Willing to participate in the study
→Can understand and speak kannada ,Hindi ,and Telingu
Esclusion criteria
The study excludes the mothers who are not :
→Having under five children
→Residing in Harijanawada area of raichur.
→Able to understand and speak kannada or Hindi
→Willing to participate in study
→Available at the time of data collection
Sample size
Sample size is the number of item to be selected from the universe to constitute a
Based on the set of criteria 40 mothers of under five children where considered or
the sample for the present study

A standardized restriction formed for conduct the study
The study was limited to
→The mother of under five children who where residing in the Harijanawada of raichur
→The mothers who were available during the data collection.
→The mothers who were willing to participate in the study
→The mothers of under five children who understand Hindi ,Kannada ,Telingu

Method of data collection

Method of data collection include :development of tool ,testing of validity and
realiability and data collection procedure.The intrument selected in research should be as for
as posible the vehicle that would best obtain data for drawing conclusion,which are pertinent
for the study
The investigator collected the data from the 40 mothers of under five children,whoare
residing at the Harijanawada area of raichur “ an interview is a method of data collection in
which an iterviewer obtained responses from asubject I aface to face encounter”.Hence the
researcher develop a structural interview shedule to conduct the interview

Developmet of tool
After thorough search of literature and experts suggestion a stuctured future shedule
questionair was developed ,to asses the knowledge of the mother of under five children
regarding ARTI.

Discription of the tool

The format of the structured questionaire was comprised of two parts.

Part 1
The sociodemographicdata consist of information about the mothersof underfive children
age .gender .religion type of family,education family monthly income.occupatio and diet.

Part 2
It consist of 40 item total income related to ARTI .
→About respiration and respiratory organ in general .
→About respiratory tract infection in detail .

Each question has one correct response and each correct responds was awarded with one
score point and wrong answers as zero .The total number of possible correct response were 5
40 for the purpose of persent study ,the score was classified as:

Level of knowledge Percentage Range of score


Average 51-75

High Above 75